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Words Beginning With C / Words Starting with C

Words whose second letter is C

C () C is the third letter of the English alphabet. It is from the Latin letter C, which in old Latin represented the sounds of k, and g (in go); its original value being the latter. In Anglo-Saxon words, or Old English before the Norman Conquest, it always has the sound of k. The Latin C was the same letter as the Greek /, /, and came from the Greek alphabet. The Greeks got it from the Ph/nicians. The English name of C is from the Latin name ce, and was derived, probably, through the French. Etymologically C is related to g, h, k, q, s (and other sibilant sounds). Examples of these relations are in L. acutus, E. acute, ague; E. acrid, eager, vinegar; L. cornu, E. horn; E. cat, kitten; E. coy, quiet; L. circare, OF. cerchier, E. search.

C () The keynote of the normal or "natural" scale, which has neither flats nor sharps in its signature; also, the third note of the relative minor scale of the same.

C () C after the clef is the mark of common time, in which each measure is a semibreve (four fourths or crotchets); for alla breve time it is written /.

C () The "C clef," a modification of the letter C, placed on any line of the staff, shows that line to be middle C.

C () As a numeral, C stands for Latin centum or 100, CC for 200, etc.

Caaba (n.) The small and nearly cubical stone building, toward which all Mohammedans must pray.

Caas (n. sing. & pl.) Case.

Cab (n.) A kind of close carriage with two or four wheels, usually a public vehicle.

Cab (n.) The covered part of a locomotive, in which the engineer has his station.

Cab (n.) A Hebrew dry measure, containing a little over two (2.37) pints.

Cabal (n.) Tradition; occult doctrine. See Cabala

Cabal (n.) A secret.

Cabal (n.) A number of persons united in some close design, usually to promote their private views and interests in church or state by intrigue; a secret association composed of a few designing persons; a junto.

Cabal (n.) The secret artifices or machinations of a few persons united in a close design; intrigue.

Caballed (imp. & p. p.) of Cabal

Caballing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cabal

Cabal (v. i.) To unite in a small party to promote private views and interests by intrigue; to intrigue; to plot.

Cabala (n.) A kind of occult theosophy or traditional interpretation of the Scriptures among Jewish rabbis and certain mediaeval Christians, which treats of the nature of god and the mystery of human existence. It assumes that every letter, word, number, and accent of Scripture contains a hidden sense; and it teaches the methods of interpretation for ascertaining these occult meanings. The cabalists pretend even to foretell events by this means.

Cabala (n.) Secret science in general; mystic art; mystery.

Cabalism (n.) The secret science of the cabalists.

Cabalism (n.) A superstitious devotion to the mysteries of the religion which one professes.

Cabalist (n.) One versed in the cabala, or the mysteries of Jewish traditions.

Cabalistic (a.) Alt. of Cabalistical

Cabalistical (a.) Of or pertaining to the cabala; containing or conveying an occult meaning; mystic.

Cabalistically (adv.) In a cabalistic manner.

Cabalize (v. i.) To use cabalistic language.

Caballer (n.) One who cabals.

Caballine (a.) Of or pertaining to a horse.

Caballine (n.) Caballine aloes.

Cabaret (n.) A tavern; a house where liquors are retailed.

Cabaret (n.) a type of restaurant where liquor and dinner is served, and entertainment is provided, as by musicians, dancers, or comedians, and providing space for dancing by the patrons; -- similar to a nightclub. The term cabaret is often used in the names of such an establishment.

Cabaret (n.) the type of entertainment provided in a cabaret{2}.

Cabas (n.) A flat basket or frail for figs, etc.; hence, a lady's flat workbasket, reticule, or hand bag; -- often written caba.

Cabassou (n.) A species of armadillo of the genus Xenurus (X. unicinctus and X. hispidus); the tatouay.

Cabbage (n.) An esculent vegetable of many varieties, derived from the wild Brassica oleracea of Europe. The common cabbage has a compact head of leaves. The cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, etc., are sometimes classed as cabbages.

Cabbage (n.) The terminal bud of certain palm trees, used, like, cabbage, for food. See Cabbage tree, below.

Cabbage (n.) The cabbage palmetto. See below.

Cabbage (v. i.) To form a head like that the cabbage; as, to make lettuce cabbage.

Cabbaged (imp. & p. p) of Cabbage

Cabbaging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cabbage

Cabbage (v. i.) To purloin or embezzle, as the pieces of cloth remaining after cutting out a garment; to pilfer.

Cabbage (n.) Cloth or clippings cabbaged or purloined by one who cuts out garments.

Cabbler (n.) One who works at cabbling.

Cabbling (n.) The process of breaking up the flat masses into which wrought iron is first hammered, in order that the pieces may be reheated and wrought into bar iron.

Cabeca (n.) Alt. of Cabesse

Cabesse (n.) The finest kind of silk received from India.

Caber (n.) A pole or beam used in Scottish games for tossing as a trial of strength.

Cabezon (n.) A California fish (Hemilepidotus spinosus), allied to the sculpin.

Cabiai (n.) The capybara. See Capybara.

Cabin (n.) A cottage or small house; a hut.

Cabin (n.) A small room; an inclosed place.

Cabin (n.) A room in ship for officers or passengers.

Cabined (imp. & p. p.) of Cabin

Cabining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cabin

Cabin (v. i.) To live in, or as in, a cabin; to lodge.

Cabin (v. t.) To confine in, or as in, a cabin.

Cabinet (n.) A hut; a cottage; a small house.

Cabinet (n.) A small room, or retired apartment; a closet.

Cabinet (n.) A private room in which consultations are held.

Cabinet (n.) The advisory council of the chief executive officer of a nation; a cabinet council.

Cabinet (n.) A set of drawers or a cupboard intended to contain articles of value. Hence:

Cabinet (n.) A decorative piece of furniture, whether open like an etagere or closed with doors. See Etagere.

Cabinet (n.) Any building or room set apart for the safe keeping and exhibition of works of art, etc.; also, the collection itself.

Cabinet (a.) Suitable for a cabinet; small.

Cabineting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cabinet

Cabinet (v. i.) To inclose

Cabinetmaker (n.) One whose occupation is to make cabinets or other choice articles of household furniture, as tables, bedsteads, bureaus, etc.

Cabinetmaking (n.) The art or occupation of making the finer articles of household furniture.

Cabinetwork (n.) The art or occupation of working upon wooden furniture requiring nice workmanship; also, such furniture.

Cabirean (n.) One of the Cabiri.

Cabbiri (n. pl.) Certain deities originally worshiped with mystical rites by the Pelasgians in Lemnos and Samothrace and afterwards throughout Greece; -- also called sons of Hephaestus (or Vulcan), as being masters of the art of working metals.

Cabirian (a.) Same as Cabiric.

Cabiric (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cabiri, or to their mystical worship.

Cable (n.) A large, strong rope or chain, of considerable length, used to retain a vessel at anchor, and for other purposes. It is made of hemp, of steel wire, or of iron links.

Cable (n.) A rope of steel wire, or copper wire, usually covered with some protecting or insulating substance; as, the cable of a suspension bridge; a telegraphic cable.

Cable (n.) A molding, shaft of a column, or any other member of convex, rounded section, made to resemble the spiral twist of a rope; -- called also cable molding.

Cable (v. t.) To fasten with a cable.

Cable (v. t.) To ornament with cabling. See Cabling.

Cabled (imp. & p. p.) of Cable

Cabling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cable

Cable (v. t. & i.) To telegraph by a submarine cable

Cabled (a.) Fastened with, or attached to, a cable or rope.

Cabled (a.) Adorned with cabling.

Cablegram (n.) A message sent by a submarine telegraphic cable.

Cablelaid (a.) Composed of three three-stranded ropes, or hawsers, twisted together to form a cable.

Cablelaid (a.) Twisted after the manner of a cable; as, a cable-laid gold chain.

Cablet (n.) A little cable less than ten inches in circumference.

Cabling (n.) The decoration of a fluted shaft of a column or of a pilaster with reeds, or rounded moldings, which seem to be laid in the hollows of the fluting. These are limited in length to about one third of the height of the shaft.

Cabmen (pl. ) of Cabman

Cabman (n.) The driver of a cab.

Cabob (n.) A small piece of mutton or other meat roasted on a skewer; -- so called in Turkey and Persia.

Cabob (n.) A leg of mutton roasted, stuffed with white herrings and sweet herbs.

Cabob (v. t.) To roast, as a cabob.

Caboched (a.) Showing the full face, but nothing of the neck; -- said of the head of a beast in armorial bearing.

Caboodle (n.) The whole collection; the entire quantity or number; -- usually in the phrase the whole caboodle.

Caboose (n.) A house on deck, where the cooking is done; -- commonly called the galley.

Caboose (n.) A car used on freight or construction trains for brakemen, workmen, etc.; a tool car.

Cabotage (n.) Navigation along the coast; the details of coast pilotage.

Cabree (n.) The pronghorn antelope.

Cabrerite (n.) An apple-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of nickel, cobalt, and magnesia; -- so named from the Sierra Cabrera, Spain.

Cabrilla (n.) A name applied to various species of edible fishes of the genus Serranus, and related genera, inhabiting the Meditarranean, the coast of California, etc. In California, some of them are also called rock bass and kelp salmon.

Cabriole (n.) A curvet; a leap. See Capriole.

Cabriolet (n.) A one-horse carriage with two seats and a calash top.

Cabrit (n.) Same as Cabree.

Caburn (n.) A small line made of spun yarn, to bind or worm cables, seize tackles, etc.

Cacaemia (n.) Alt. of Cachaemia

Cachaemia (n.) A degenerated or poisoned condition of the blood.

Cacaine (n.) The essential principle of cacao; -- now called theobromine.

Cacajao (n.) A South American short-tailed monkey (Pithecia (/ Brachyurus) melanocephala).

Cacao (n.) A small evergreen tree (Theobroma Cacao) of South America and the West Indies. Its fruit contains an edible pulp, inclosing seeds about the size of an almond, from which cocoa, chocolate, and broma are prepared.

Cachalot (n.) The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus). It has in the top of its head a large cavity, containing an oily fluid, which, after death, concretes into a whitish crystalline substance called spermaceti. See Sperm whale.

Cache (n.) A hole in the ground, or hiding place, for concealing and preserving provisions which it is inconvenient to carry.

Cachectic (a.) Alt. of Cachectical

Cachectical (a.) Having, or pertaining to, cachexia; as, cachectic remedies; cachectical blood.

Cachepot (n.) An ornamental casing for a flowerpot, of porcelain, metal, paper, etc.

Cachet (n.) A seal, as of a letter.

Cachexia (n.) Alt. of Cachexy

Cachexy (n.) A condition of ill health and impairment of nutrition due to impoverishment of the blood, esp. when caused by a specific morbid process (as cancer or tubercle).

Cachinnation (n.) Loud or immoderate laughter; -- often a symptom of hysterical or maniacal affections.

Cachinnatory (a.) Consisting of, or accompanied by, immoderate laughter.

Cachiri (n.) A fermented liquor made in Cayenne from the grated root of the manioc, and resembling perry.

Cacholong (n.) An opaque or milk-white chalcedony, a variety of quartz; also, a similar variety of opal.

Cachou (n.) A silvered aromatic pill, used to correct the odor of the breath.

Cachucha (n.) An Andalusian dance in three-four time, resembling the bolero.

Cachunde (n.) A pastil or troche, composed of various aromatic and other ingredients, highly celebrated in India as an antidote, and as a stomachic and antispasmodic.

Cacique (n.) See Cazique.

Cack (v. i.) To ease the body by stool; to go to stool.

Cackerel (n.) The mendole; a small worthless Mediterranean fish considered poisonous by the ancients. See Mendole.

Cackled (imp. & p. p.) of Cackle

Cackling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cackle

Cackle (v. i.) To make a sharp, broken noise or cry, as a hen or goose does.

Cackle (v. i.) To laugh with a broken noise, like the cackling of a hen or a goose; to giggle.

Cackle (v. i.) To talk in a silly manner; to prattle.

Cackle (n.) The sharp broken noise made by a goose or by a hen that has laid an egg.

Cackle (n.) Idle talk; silly prattle.

Cackler (n.) A fowl that cackles.

Cackler (n.) One who prattles, or tells tales; a tattler.

Cackling (n.) The broken noise of a goose or a hen.

Cacochymia (n.) Alt. of Cacochymy

Cacochymy (n.) A vitiated state of the humors, or fluids, of the body, especially of the blood.

Cacochymic (a.) Alt. of Cacochymical

Cacochymical (a.) Having the fluids of the body vitiated, especially the blood.

Cacodemon (n.) An evil spirit; a devil or demon.

Cacodemon (n.) The nightmare.

Cacodoxical (a.) Heretical.

Cacodoxy (n.) Erroneous doctrine; heresy; heterodoxy.

Cacodyl (n.) Alkarsin; a colorless, poisonous, arsenical liquid, As2(CH3)4, spontaneously inflammable and possessing an intensely disagreeable odor. It is the type of a series of compounds analogous to the nitrogen compounds called hydrazines.

Cacodylic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, cacodyl.

Cacoethes (n.) A bad custom or habit; an insatiable desire; as, cacoethes scribendi, "The itch for writing".

Cacoethes (n.) A bad quality or disposition in a disease; an incurable ulcer.

Cacogastric (a.) Troubled with bad digestion.

Cacographic (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, cacography; badly written or spelled.

Cacography (n.) Incorrect or bad writing or spelling.

Cacolet (n.) A chair, litter, or other contrivance fitted to the back or pack saddle of a mule for carrying travelers in mountainous districts, or for the transportation of the sick and wounded of an army.

Cacology (n.) Bad speaking; bad choice or use of words.

Cacomixle (n.) Alt. of Cacomixl

Cacomixtle (n.) Alt. of Cacomixl

Cacomixl (n.) A North American carnivore (Bassaris astuta), about the size of a cat, related to the raccoons. It inhabits Mexico, Texas, and California.

Cacoon (n.) One of the seeds or large beans of a tropical vine (Entada scandens) used for making purses, scent bottles, etc.

Cacophonic (a.) Alt. of Cacophonious

Cacophonical (a.) Alt. of Cacophonious

Cacophonous (a.) Alt. of Cacophonious

Cacophonious (a.) Harsh-sounding.

Cacophonies (pl. ) of Cacophony

Cacophony (n.) An uncouth or disagreable sound of words, owing to the concurrence of harsh letters or syllables.

Cacophony (n.) A combination of discordant sounds.

Cacophony (n.) An unhealthy state of the voice.

Cacotechny (n.) A corruption or corrupt state of art.

Cacoxene (n.) Alt. of Cacoxenite

Cacoxenite (n.) A hydrous phosphate of iron occurring in yellow radiated tufts. The phosphorus seriously injures it as an iron ore.

Cactaceous (a.) Belonging to, or like, the family of plants of which the prickly pear is a common example.

Cactuses (pl. ) of Cactus

Cacti (pl. ) of Cactus

Cactus (n.) Any plant of the order Cactacae, as the prickly pear and the night-blooming cereus. See Cereus. They usually have leafless stems and branches, often beset with clustered thorns, and are mostly natives of the warmer parts of America.

Cacuminal (a.) Pertaining to the top of the palate; cerebral; -- applied to certain consonants; as, cacuminal (or cerebral) letters.

Cacuminate (v. i.) To make sharp or pointed.

Cad (n.) A person who stands at the door of an omnibus to open and shut it, and to receive fares; an idle hanger-on about innyards.

Cad (n.) A lowbred, presuming person; a mean, vulgar fellow.

Cadastral (a.) Of or pertaining to landed property.

Cadastre (n.) Alt. of Cadaster

Cadaster (n.) An official statement of the quantity and value of real estate for the purpose of apportioning the taxes payable on such property.

Cadaver (n.) A dead human body; a corpse.

Cadaveric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a corpse, or the changes produced by death; cadaverous; as, cadaveric rigidity.

Cadaverous (a.) Having the appearance or color of a dead human body; pale; ghastly; as, a cadaverous look.

Cadaverous (a.) Of or pertaining to, or having the qualities of, a dead body.

Cadbait (n.) See Caddice.

Caddice (n.) Alt. of Caddis

Caddis (n.) The larva of a caddice fly. These larvae generally live in cylindrical cases, open at each end, and covered externally with pieces of broken shells, gravel, bits of wood, etc. They are a favorite bait with anglers. Called also caddice worm, or caddis worm.

Caddis (n.) A kind of worsted lace or ribbon.

Caddish (a.) Like a cad; lowbred and presuming.

Caddow (n.) A jackdaw.

Caddies (pl. ) of Caddy

Caddy (n.) A small box, can, or chest to keep tea in.

Cade (a.) Bred by hand; domesticated; petted.

Cade (v. t.) To bring up or nourish by hand, or with tenderness; to coddle; to tame.

Cade (n.) A barrel or cask, as of fish.

Cade (n.) A species of juniper (Juniperus Oxycedrus) of Mediterranean countries.

Cadence (n.) The act or state of declining or sinking.

Cadence (n.) A fall of the voice in reading or speaking, especially at the end of a sentence.

Cadence (n.) A rhythmical modulation of the voice or of any sound; as, music of bells in cadence sweet.

Cadence (n.) Rhythmical flow of language, in prose or verse.

Cadence (n.) See Cadency.

Cadence (n.) Harmony and proportion in motions, as of a well-managed horse.

Cadence (n.) A uniform time and place in marching.

Cadence (n.) The close or fall of a strain; the point of rest, commonly reached by the immediate succession of the tonic to the dominant chord.

Cadence (n.) A cadenza, or closing embellishment; a pause before the end of a strain, which the performer may fill with a flight of fancy.

Cadence (v. t.) To regulate by musical measure.

Cadency (n.) Descent of related families; distinction between the members of a family according to their ages.

Cadene (n.) A species of inferior carpet imported from the Levant.

Cadent (a.) Falling.

Cadenza (n.) A parenthetic flourish or flight of ornament in the course of a piece, commonly just before the final cadence.

Cader (n.) See Cadre.

Cadet (n.) The younger of two brothers; a younger brother or son; the youngest son.

Cadet (n.) A gentleman who carries arms in a regiment, as a volunteer, with a view of acquiring military skill and obtaining a commission.

Cadet (n.) A young man in training for military or naval service; esp. a pupil in a military or naval school, as at West Point, Annapolis, or Woolwich.

Cadetship (n.) The position, rank, or commission of a cadet; as, to get a cadetship.

Cadew (n.) Alt. of Cadeworm

Cadeworm (n.) A caddice. See Caddice.

Cadged (imp. & p. p.) of Cadge

Cadging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cadge

Cadge (v. t. & i.) To carry, as a burden.

Cadge (v. t. & i.) To hawk or peddle, as fish, poultry, etc.

Cadge (v. t. & i.) To intrude or live on another meanly; to beg.

Cadge (n.) A circular frame on which cadgers carry hawks for sale.

Cadger (v. t.) A packman or itinerant huckster.

Cadger (v. t.) One who gets his living by trickery or begging.

Cadger (n.) One who carries hawks on a cadge.

Cadgy (a.) Cheerful or mirthful, as after good eating or drinking; also, wanton.

Cadi (n.) An inferior magistrate or judge among the Mohammedans, usually the judge of a town or village.

Cadie (n.) Alt. of Caddie

Caddie (n.) A Scotch errand boy, porter, or messenger.

Cadilesker (n.) A chief judge in the Turkish empire, so named originally because his jurisdiction extended to the cases of soldiers, who are now tried only by their own officers.

Cadillac (n.) A large pear, shaped like a flattened top, used chiefly for cooking.

Cadis (n.) A kind of coarse serge.

Cadmean (a.) Of or pertaining to Cadmus, a fabulous prince of Thebes, who was said to have introduced into Greece the sixteen simple letters of the alphabet -- /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /. These are called Cadmean letters.

Cadmia (n.) An oxide of zinc which collects on the sides of furnaces where zinc is sublimed. Formerly applied to the mineral calamine.

Cadmian (a.) See Cadmean.

Cadmic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cadmium; as, cadmic sulphide.

Cadmium (n.) A comparatively rare element related to zinc, and occurring in some zinc ores. It is a white metal, both ductile and malleable. Symbol Cd. Atomic weight 111.8. It was discovered by Stromeyer in 1817, who named it from its association with zinc or zinc ore.

Cadrans (n.) An instrument with a graduated disk by means of which the angles of gems are measured in the process of cutting and polishing.

Cadre (n.) The framework or skeleton upon which a regiment is to be formed; the officers of a regiment forming the staff.

Caducary (a.) Relating to escheat, forfeiture, or confiscation.

Caducean (a.) Of or belonging to Mercury's caduceus, or wand.

Caduceus (n.) The official staff or wand of Hermes or Mercury, the messenger of the gods. It was originally said to be a herald's staff of olive wood, but was afterwards fabled to have two serpents coiled about it, and two wings at the top.

Caducibranchiate (a.) With temporary gills: -- applied to those Amphibia in which the gills do not remain in adult life.

Caducity (n.) Tendency to fall; the feebleness of old age; senility.

Caducous () Dropping off or disappearing early, as the calyx of a poppy, or the gills of a tadpole.

Caduke (a.) Perishable; frail; transitory.

Cady (n.) See Cadie.

Caeca (n. pl.) See Caecum.

Caecal (a.) Of or pertaining to the caecum, or blind gut.

Caecal (a.) Having the form of a caecum, or bag with one opening; baglike; as, the caecal extremity of a duct.

Caecias (n.) A wind from the northeast.

Caecilian (n.) A limbless amphibian belonging to the order Caeciliae or Ophimorpha. See Ophiomorpha.

Caecums (pl. ) of Caecum

Caeca (pl. ) of Caecum

Caecum (n.) A cavity open at one end, as the blind end of a canal or duct.

Caecum (n.) The blind part of the large intestine beyond the entrance of the small intestine; -- called also the blind gut.

Caenozoic (a.) See Cenozoic.

Caen stone () A cream-colored limestone for building, found near Caen, France.

Caesar (n.) A Roman emperor, as being the successor of Augustus Caesar. Hence, a kaiser, or emperor of Germany, or any emperor or powerful ruler. See Kaiser, Kesar.

Caesarean (a.) Alt. of Caesarian

Caesarian (a.) Of or pertaining to Caesar or the Caesars; imperial.

Caesarism (n.) A system of government in which unrestricted power is exercised by a single person, to whom, as Caesar or emperor, it has been committed by the popular will; imperialism; also, advocacy or support of such a system of government.

Caesious (a.) Of the color of lavender; pale blue with a slight mixture of gray.

Caesium (n.) A rare alkaline metal found in mineral water; -- so called from the two characteristic blue lines in its spectrum. It was the first element discovered by spectrum analysis, and is the most strongly basic and electro-positive substance known. Symbol Cs. Atomic weight 132.6.

Caespitose (a.) Same as Cespitose.

Caesuras (pl. ) of Caesura

Caesurae (pl. ) of Caesura

Caesura (n.) A metrical break in a verse, occurring in the middle of a foot and commonly near the middle of the verse; a sense pause in the middle of a foot. Also, a long syllable on which the caesural accent rests, or which is used as a foot.

Caesural (a.) Of or pertaining to a caesura.

Cafe (n.) A coffeehouse; a restaurant; also, a room in a hotel or restaurant where coffee and liquors are served.

Cafenet (n.) Alt. of Cafeneh

Cafeneh (n.) A humble inn or house of rest for travelers, where coffee is sold.

Caffeic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, coffee.

Caffeine (n.) A white, bitter, crystallizable substance, obtained from coffee. It is identical with the alkaloid theine from tea leaves, and with guaranine from guarana.

Caffetannic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the tannin of coffee.

Caffila (n.) See Cafila.

Caffre (n.) See Kaffir.

Cafila (n.) Alt. of Cafileh

Cafileh (n.) A caravan of travelers; a military supply train or government caravan; a string of pack horses.

Caftan (n.) A garment worn throughout the Levant, consisting of a long gown with sleeves reaching below the hands. It is generally fastened by a belt or sash.

Caftan (v. t.) To clothe with a caftan.

Cag (n.) See Keg.

Cage (n.) A box or inclosure, wholly or partly of openwork, in wood or metal, used for confining birds or other animals.

Cage (n.) A place of confinement for malefactors

Cage (n.) An outer framework of timber, inclosing something within it; as, the cage of a staircase.

Cage (n.) A skeleton frame to limit the motion of a loose piece, as a ball valve.

Cage (n.) A wirework strainer, used in connection with pumps and pipes.

Cage (n.) The box, bucket, or inclosed platform of a lift or elevator; a cagelike structure moving in a shaft.

Cage (n.) The drum on which the rope is wound in a hoisting whim.

Cage (n.) The catcher's wire mask.

Caged (imp. & p. p.) of Cage

Caging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cage

Cage (v. i.) To confine in, or as in, a cage; to shut up or confine.

Caged (a.) Confined in, or as in, a cage; like a cage or prison.

Cageling (n.) A bird confined in a cage; esp. a young bird.

Cagit (n.) A kind of parrot, of a beautiful green color, found in the Philippine Islands.

Cagmag (n.) A tough old goose; hence, coarse, bad food of any kind.

Cagot (n.) One of a race inhabiting the valleys of the Pyrenees, who until 1793 were political and social outcasts (Christian Pariahs). They are supposed to be a remnant of the Visigoths.

Cahier (n.) A number of sheets of paper put loosely together; esp. one of the successive portions of a work printed in numbers.

Cahier (n.) A memorial of a body; a report of legislative proceedings, etc.

Cahincic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, cahinca, the native name of a species of Brazilian Chiococca, perhaps C. racemosa; as, cahincic acid.

Cahoot (n.) Partnership; as, to go in cahoot with a person.

Caimacam (n.) The governor of a sanjak or district in Turkey.

Caiman (n.) See Cayman.

Cainozoic (a.) See Cenozic.

Caique (n.) A light skiff or rowboat used on the Bosporus; also, a Levantine vessel of larger size.

Ca ira () The refrain of a famous song of the French Revolution.

Caird (n.) A traveling tinker; also a tramp or sturdy beggar.

Cairn (n.) A rounded or conical heap of stones erected by early inhabitants of the British Isles, apparently as a sepulchral monument.

Cairn (n.) A pile of stones heaped up as a landmark, or to arrest attention, as in surveying, or in leaving traces of an exploring party, etc.

Cairngormstone () A yellow or smoky brown variety of rock crystal, or crystallized quartz, found esp, in the mountain of Cairngorm, in Scotland.

Caisson (n.) A chest to hold ammunition.

Caisson (n.) A four-wheeled carriage for conveying ammunition, consisting of two parts, a body and a limber. In light field batteries there is one caisson to each piece, having two ammunition boxes on the body, and one on the limber.

Caisson (n.) A chest filled with explosive materials, to be laid in the way of an enemy and exploded on his approach.

Caisson (n.) A water-tight box, of timber or iron within which work is carried on in building foundations or structures below the water level.

Caisson (n.) A hollow floating box, usually of iron, which serves to close the entrances of docks and basins.

Caisson (n.) A structure, usually with an air chamber, placed beneath a vessel to lift or float it.

Caisson (n.) A sunk panel of ceilings or soffits.

Caitiff (a.) Captive; wretched; unfortunate.

Caitiff (a.) Base; wicked and mean; cowardly; despicable.

Caitiff (n.) A captive; a prisoner.

Caitiff (n.) A wretched or unfortunate man.

Caitiff (n.) A mean, despicable person; one whose character meanness and wickedness meet.

Cajeput (n.) See Cajuput.

Cajoled (imp. & p. p.) of Cajole

Cajoling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cajole

Cajole (v. i.) To deceive with flattery or fair words; to wheedle.

Cajolement (n.) The act of cajoling; the state of being cajoled; cajolery.

Cajoler (n.) A flatterer; a wheedler.

Cajoleries (pl. ) of Cajolery

Cajolery (n.) A wheedling to delude; words used in cajoling; flattery.

Cajuput (n.) A highly stimulating volatile inflammable oil, distilled from the leaves of an East Indian tree (Melaleuca cajuputi, etc.) It is greenish in color and has a camphoraceous odor and pungent taste.

Cajuputene (n.) A colorless or greenish oil extracted from cajuput.

Cake (n.) A small mass of dough baked; especially, a thin loaf from unleavened dough; as, an oatmeal cake; johnnycake.

Cake (n.) A sweetened composition of flour and other ingredients, leavened or unleavened, baked in a loaf or mass of any size or shape.

Cake (n.) A thin wafer-shaped mass of fried batter; a griddlecake or pancake; as buckwheat cakes.

Cake (n.) A mass of matter concreted, congealed, or molded into a solid mass of any form, esp. into a form rather flat than high; as, a cake of soap; an ague cake.

Cake (v. i.) To form into a cake, or mass.

Caked (imp. & p. p.) of Cake

Caking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cake

Cake (v. i.) To concrete or consolidate into a hard mass, as dough in an oven; to coagulate.

Cake (v. i.) To cackle as a goose.

Caking coal () See Coal.

Cal (n.) Wolfram, an ore of tungsten.

Calabar (n.) A district on the west coast of Africa.

Calabarine (n.) An alkaloid resembling physostigmine and occurring with it in the calabar bean.

Calabash (n.) The common gourd (plant or fruit).

Calabash (n.) The fruit of the calabash tree.

Calabash (n.) A water dipper, bottle, bascket, or other utensil, made from the dry shell of a calabash or gourd.

Calaboose (n.) A prison; a jail.

Calade (n.) A slope or declivity in a manege ground down which a horse is made to gallop, to give suppleness to his haunches.

Caladium (n.) A genus of aroideous plants, of which some species are cultivated for their immense leaves (which are often curiously blotched with white and red), and others (in Polynesia) for food.

Calaite (n.) A mineral. See Turquoise.

Calamanco (n.) A glossy woolen stuff, plain, striped, or checked.

Calamander wood () A valuable furniture wood from India and Ceylon, of a hazel-brown color, with black stripes, very hard in texture. It is a species of ebony, and is obtained from the Diospyros quaesita. Called also Coromandel wood.

Calamar (n.) Alt. of Calamary

Calamary (n.) A cephalopod, belonging to the genus Loligo and related genera. There are many species. They have a sack of inklike fluid which they discharge from the siphon tube, when pursued or alarmed, in order to confuse their enemies. Their shell is a thin horny plate, within the flesh of the back, shaped very much like a quill pen. In America they are called squids. See Squid.

Calambac (n.) A fragrant wood; agalloch.

Calambour (n.) A species of agalloch, or aloes wood, of a dusky or mottled color, of a light, friable texture, and less fragrant than calambac; -- used by cabinetmakers.

Calamiferous (a.) Producing reeds; reedy.

Calamine (n.) A mineral, the hydrous silicate of zinc.

Calamint (n.) A genus of perennial plants (Calamintha) of the Mint family, esp. the C. Nepeta and C. Acinos, which are called also basil thyme.

Calamist (n.) One who plays upon a reed or pipe.

Calamistrate (v. i.) To curl or friz, as the hair.

Calamistration (n.) The act or process of curling the hair.

Calamistrum (n.) A comblike structure on the metatarsus of the hind legs of certain spiders (Ciniflonidae), used to curl certain fibers in the construction of their webs.

Calamite (n.) A fossil plant of the coal formation, having the general form of plants of the modern Equiseta (the Horsetail or Scouring Rush family) but sometimes attaining the height of trees, and having the stem more or less woody within. See Acrogen, and Asterophyllite.

Calamitous (a.) Suffering calamity; wretched; miserable.

Calamitous (a.) Producing, or attended with distress and misery; making wretched; wretched; unhappy.

Calamities (pl. ) of Calamity

Calamity (n.) Any great misfortune or cause of misery; -- generally applied to events or disasters which produce extensive evil, either to communities or individuals.

Calamity (n.) A state or time of distress or misfortune; misery.

Calami (pl. ) of Calamus

Calamus (n.) The indian cane, a plant of the Palm family. It furnishes the common rattan. See Rattan, and Dragon's blood.

Calamus (n.) A species of Acorus (A. calamus), commonly called calamus, or sweet flag. The root has a pungent, aromatic taste, and is used in medicine as a stomachic; the leaves have an aromatic odor, and were formerly used instead of rushes to strew on floors.

Calamus (n.) The horny basal portion of a feather; the barrel or quill.

Calando (a.) Gradually diminishing in rapidity and loudness.

Calash (n.) A light carriage with low wheels, having a top or hood that can be raised or lowered, seats for inside, a separate seat for the driver, and often a movable front, so that it can be used as either an open or a close carriage.

Calash (n.) In Canada, a two-wheeled, one-seated vehicle, with a calash top, and the driver's seat elevated in front.

Calash (n.) A hood or top of a carriage which can be thrown back at pleasure.

Calash (n.) A hood, formerly worn by ladies, which could be drawn forward or thrown back like the top of a carriage.

Calaverite (n.) A bronze-yellow massive mineral with metallic luster; a telluride of gold; -- first found in Calaveras County California.

Calcaneal (a.) Pertaining to the calcaneum; as, calcaneal arteries.

-neums (pl. ) of Calcaneum

-nea (pl. ) of Calcaneum

Calcaneum (n.) One of the bones of the tarsus which in man, forms the great bone of the heel; -- called also fibulare.

Calcar (n.) A kind of oven, or reverberatory furnace, used for the calcination of sand and potash, and converting them into frit.

Calcaria (pl. ) of Calcar

Calcar (n.) A hollow tube or spur at the base of a petal or corolla.

Calcar (n.) A slender bony process from the ankle joint of bats, which helps to support the posterior part of the web, in flight.

Calcar (n.) A spur, or spurlike prominence.

Calcar (n.) A curved ridge in the floor of the leteral ventricle of the brain; the calcar avis, hippocampus minor, or ergot.

Calcarate (a.) Alt. of Calcarated

Calcarated (a.) Having a spur, as the flower of the toadflax and larkspur; spurred.

Calcarated (a.) Armed with a spur.

Calcareo-argillaceous (a.) consisting of, or containing, calcareous and argillaceous earths.

Calcareo-bituminous (a.) Consisting of, or containing, lime and bitumen.

Calcareo-siliceous (a.) Consisting of, or containing calcareous and siliceous earths.

Calcareous (a.) Partaking of the nature of calcite or calcium carbonate; consisting of, or containing, calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime.

Calcareousness (n.) Quality of being calcareous.

Calcariferous (a.) Lime-yielding; calciferous

Calcarine (a.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the calcar of the brain.

Calcavella (n.) A sweet wine from Portugal; -- so called from the district of Carcavelhos.

Calceated (a.) Fitted with, or wearing, shoes.

Calced (a.) Wearing shoes; calceated; -- in distintion from discalced or barefooted; as the calced Carmelites.

Calcedon (n.) A foul vein, like chalcedony, in some precious stones.

Calcedonic (a.) Alt. of Calcedonian

Calcedonian (a.) See Chalcedonic.

Calceiform (a.) Shaped like a slipper, as one petal of the lady's-slipper; calceolate.

Calceolaria (n.) A genus of showy herbaceous or shrubby plants, brought from South America; slipperwort. It has a yellow or purple flower, often spotted or striped, the shape of which suggests its name.

Calceolate (a.) Slipper-ahaped. See Calceiform.

Calces (n. pl.) See Calx.

Calcic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, calcium or lime.

Calciferous (a.) Bearing, producing, or containing calcite, or carbonate of lime.

Calcific (a.) Calciferous. Specifically: (Zool.) of or pertaining to the portion of the oviduct which forms the eggshell in birds and reptiles.

Calcification (n.) The process of change into a stony or calcareous substance by the deposition of lime salt; -- normally, as in the formation of bone and of teeth; abnormally, as in calcareous degeneration of tissue.

Calcified (a.) Consisting of, or containing, calcareous matter or lime salts; calcareous.

Calciform (a.) In the form of chalk or lime.

Calcified (imp. & p. p.) of Calcify

Calcifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calcify

Calcify (v. t.) To make stony or calcareous by the deposit or secretion of salts of lime.

Calcify (v. i.) To become changed into a stony or calcareous condition, in which lime is a principal ingredient, as in the formation of teeth.

Calcigenous (a.) Tending to form, or to become, a calx or earthlike substance on being oxidized or burnt; as magnesium, calcium. etc.

Calcigerous (a.) Holding lime or other earthy salts; as, the calcigerous cells of the teeth.

Calcimine (n.) A white or colored wash for the ceiling or other plastering of a room, consisting of a mixture of clear glue, Paris white or zinc white, and water.

Calcimined (imp. &p. p.) of Calcimine

Calcimining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calcimine

Calcimine (v. t.) To wash or cover with calcimine; as, to calcimine walls.

Calciminer (n.) One who calcimines.

Calcinable (a.) That may be calcined; as, a calcinable fossil.

Calcinate (v. i.) To calcine.

Calcination (n.) The act or process of disintegrating a substance, or rendering it friable by the action of heat, esp. by the expulsion of some volatile matter, as when carbonic and acid is expelled from carbonate of calcium in the burning of limestone in order to make lime.

Calcination (n.) The act or process of reducing a metal to an oxide or metallic calx; oxidation.

Calcinatory (n.) A vessel used in calcination.

Calciden (imp. & p. p.) of Calcine

Calcining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calcine

Calcine (v. i.) To reduce to a powder, or to a friable state, by the action of heat; to expel volatile matter from by means of heat, as carbonic acid from limestone, and thus (usually) to produce disintegration; as to, calcine bones.

Calcine (v. i.) To oxidize, as a metal by the action of heat; to reduce to a metallic calx.

Calcine (v. i.) To be converted into a powder or friable substance, or into a calx, by the action of heat.

Calciner (n.) One who, or that which, calcines.

Calcispongiae (n. pl.) An order of marine sponges, containing calcareous spicules. See Porifera.

Calcite (n.) Calcium carbonate, or carbonate of lime. It is rhombohedral in its crystallization, and thus distinguished from aragonite. It includes common limestone, chalk, and marble. Called also calc-spar and calcareous spar.

Calcitrant (a.) Kicking. Hence: Stubborn; refractory.

Calcitrate (v. i. & i.) To kick.

Calcitration (n.) Act of kicking.

Calcium (n.) An elementary substance; a metal which combined with oxygen forms lime. It is of a pale yellow color, tenacious, and malleable. It is a member of the alkaline earth group of elements. Atomic weight 40. Symbol Ca.

Calcivorous (a.) Eroding, or eating into, limestone.

Calcographer (n.) One who practices calcography.

Calcographic (a.) Alt. of Calcographical

Calcographical (a.) Relating to, or in the style of, calcography.

Calcography (n.) The art of drawing with chalk.

Calc-sinter (n.) See under Calcite.

Calc-spar (n.) Same as Calcite.

Calc-tufa (n.) See under Calcite.

Calculable (a.) That may be calculated or ascertained by calculation.

Calculary (a.) Of or pertaining to calculi.

Calculary (n.) A congeries of little stony knots found in the pulp of the pear and other fruits.

Calculater (imp. & p. p.) of Calculate

Calculating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calculate

Calculate (v. i.) To ascertain or determine by mathematical processes, usually by the ordinary rules of arithmetic; to reckon up; to estimate; to compute.

Calculate (v. i.) To ascertain or predict by mathematical or astrological computations the time, circumstances, or other conditions of; to forecast or compute the character or consequences of; as, to calculate or cast one's nativity.

Calculate (v. i.) To adjust for purpose; to adapt by forethought or calculation; to fit or prepare by the adaptation of means to an end; as, to calculate a system of laws for the government and protection of a free people.

Calculate (v. i.) To plan; to expect; to think.

Calculate (v. i.) To make a calculation; to forecast consequences; to estimate; to compute.

Calculated (p. p. & a.) Worked out by calculation; as calculated tables for computing interest; ascertained or conjectured as a result of calculation; as, the calculated place of a planet; the calculated velocity of a cannon ball.

Calculated (p. p. & a.) Adapted by calculation, contrivance. or forethought to accomplish a purpose; as, to use arts calculated to deceive the people.

Calculated (p. p. & a.) Likely to produce a certain effect, whether intended or not; fitted; adapted; suited.

Calculating (a.) Of or pertaining to mathematical calculations; performing or able to perform mathematical calculations.

Calculating (a.) Given to contrivance or forethought; forecasting; scheming; as, a cool calculating disposition.

Calculating (n.) The act or process of making mathematical computations or of estimating results.

Calculation (n.) The act or process, or the result, of calculating; computation; reckoning, estimate.

Calculation (n.) An expectation based on circumstances.

Calculative (a.) Of or pertaining to calculation; involving calculation.

Calculator (n.) One who computes or reckons: one who estimates or considers the force and effect of causes, with a view to form a correct estimate of the effects.

Calculatory (a.) Belonging to calculation.

Calcule (n.) Reckoning; computation.

Calcule (v. i.) To calculate

Calculi (n. pl.) See Calculus.

Calculous (a.) Of the nature of a calculus; like stone; gritty; as, a calculous concretion.

Calculous (a.) Caused, or characterized, by the presence of a calculus or calculi; a, a calculous disorder; affected with gravel or stone; as, a calculous person.

Calculi (pl. ) of Calculus

Calculus (n.) Any solid concretion, formed in any part of the body, but most frequent in the organs that act as reservoirs, and in the passages connected with them; as, biliary calculi; urinary calculi, etc.

Calculus (n.) A method of computation; any process of reasoning by the use of symbols; any branch of mathematics that may involve calculation.

Caldron (n.) A large kettle or boiler of copper, brass, or iron. [Written also cauldron.]

Caleche (n.) See Calash.

Caledonia (n.) The ancient Latin name of Scotland; -- still used in poetry.

Caledonian (a.) Of or pertaining to Caledonia or Scotland; Scottish; Scotch.

Caledonian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Caledonia or Scotland.

Caledonite (n.) A hydrous sulphate of copper and lead, found in some parts of Caledonia or Scotland.

Calefacient (a.) Making warm; heating.

Calefacient (n.) A substance that excites warmth in the parts to which it is applied, as mustard.

Calefaction (n.) The act of warming or heating; the production of heat in a body by the action of fire, or by communication of heat from other bodies.

Calefaction (n.) The state of being heated.

Calefactive (a.) See Calefactory.

Calefactor (n.) A heater; one who, or that which, makes hot, as a stove, etc.

Calefactory (a.) Making hot; producing or communicating heat.

Calefactory (n.) An apartment in a monastery, warmed and used as a sitting room.

Calefactory (n.) A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.

Calefied (imp. & p. p.) of Calefy

Calefying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calefy

Calefy (v. i.) To make warm or hot.

Calefy (v. i.) To grow hot or warm.

Calembour (n.) A pun.

Calendar (n.) An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the purposes of civil life, as years, months, weeks, and days; also, a register of the year with its divisions; an almanac.

Calendar (n.) A tabular statement of the dates of feasts, offices, saints' days, etc., esp. of those which are liable to change yearly according to the varying date of Easter.

Calendar (n.) An orderly list or enumeration of persons, things, or events; a schedule; as, a calendar of state papers; a calendar of bills presented in a legislative assembly; a calendar of causes arranged for trial in court; a calendar of a college or an academy.

Calendared (imp. & p. p.) of Calendar

Calendaring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calendar

Calendar (v. t.) To enter or write in a calendar; to register.

Calendarial (a.) Of or pertaining to the calendar or a calendar.

Calendary (a.) Calendarial.

Calender (n.) A machine, used for the purpose of giving cloth, paper, etc., a smooth, even, and glossy or glazed surface, by cold or hot pressure, or for watering them and giving them a wavy appearance. It consists of two or more cylinders revolving nearly in contact, with the necessary apparatus for moving and regulating.

Calender (n.) One who pursues the business of calendering.

Calendered (imp. & p. p.) of Calender

Calendering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calender

Calender (n.) To press between rollers for the purpose of making smooth and glossy, or wavy, as woolen and silk stuffs, linens, paper, etc.

Calender (n.) One of a sect or order of fantastically dressed or painted dervishes.

Calendographer (n.) One who makes calendars.

Calendrer (n.) A person who calenders cloth; a calender.

Calendric (a.) Alt. of Calendrical

Calendrical (a.) Of or pertaining to a calendar.

Calends (n. pl.) The first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar.

Calendula (n.) A genus of composite herbaceous plants. One species, Calendula officinalis, is the common marigold, and was supposed to blossom on the calends of every month, whence the name.

Calendulin (n.) A gummy or mucilaginous tasteless substance obtained from the marigold or calendula, and analogous to bassorin.

Calenture (n.) A name formerly given to various fevers occuring in tropics; esp. to a form of furious delirium accompanied by fever, among sailors, which sometimes led the affected person to imagine the sea to be a green field, and to throw himself into it.

Calenture (v. i.) To see as in the delirium of one affected with calenture.

Calescence (n.) Growing warmth; increasing heat.

Calves (pl. ) of Calf

Calf (n.) The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale.

Calf (n.) Leather made of the skin of the calf; especially, a fine, light-colored leather used in bookbinding; as, to bind books in calf.

Calf (n.) An awkward or silly boy or young man; any silly person; a dolt.

Calf (n.) A small island near a larger; as, the Calf of Man.

Calf (n.) A small mass of ice set free from the submerged part of a glacier or berg, and rising to the surface.

Calf (n.) The fleshy hinder part of the leg below the knee.

Calfskin (n.) The hide or skin of a calf; or leather made of the skin.

Cali (n.) The tenth avatar or incarnation of the god Vishnu.

Caliber (n.) Alt. of Calibre

Calibre (n.) The diameter of the bore, as a cannon or other firearm, or of any tube; or the weight or size of the projectile which a firearm will carry; as, an 8 inch gun, a 12-pounder, a 44 caliber.

Calibre (n.) The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet or column.

Calibre (n.) Fig.: Capacity or compass of mind.

Calibrate (v. i.) To ascertain the caliber of, as of a thermometer tube; also, more generally, to determine or rectify the graduation of, as of the various standards or graduated instruments.

Calibration (n.) The process of estimating the caliber a tube, as of a thermometer tube, in order to graduate it to a scale of degrees; also, more generally, the determination of the true value of the spaces in any graduated instrument.

Calice (n.) See Chalice.

Calicle (n.) One of the small cuplike cavities, often with elevated borders, covering the surface of most corals. Each is formed by a polyp. (b) One of the cuplike structures inclosing the zooids of certain hydroids. See Campanularian.

Calicoes (pl. ) of Calico

Calico (n.) Plain white cloth made from cotton, but which receives distinctive names according to quality and use, as, super calicoes, shirting calicoes, unbleached calicoes, etc.

Calico (n.) Cotton cloth printed with a figured pattern.

Calico (a.) Made of, or having the appearance of, calico; -- often applied to an animal, as a horse or cat, on whose body are large patches of a color strikingly different from its main color.

Calicoback (n.) The calico bass.

Calicoback (n.) An hemipterous insect (Murgantia histrionica) which injures the cabbage and other garden plants; -- called also calico bug and harlequin cabbage bug.

Calicular (a.) Alt. of Caliculate

Caliculate (a.) Relating to, or resembling, a cup; also improperly used for calycular, calyculate.

Calid (a.) Hot; burning; ardent.

Calidity (n.) Heat.

Caliduct (n.) A pipe or duct used to convey hot air or steam.

Calif (n.) Alt. of Califate

Califate (n.) Same as Caliph, Caliphate, etc.

Californian (a.) Of or pertaining to California.

Californian (n.) A native or inhabitant of California.

Caligation (n.) Dimness; cloudiness.

Caliginosity (n.) Darkness.

Caliginous (a.) Affected with darkness or dimness; dark; obscure.

Caligo (n.) Dimness or obscurity of sight, dependent upon a speck on the cornea; also, the speck itself.

Caligraphic (a.) See Calligraphic.

Caligraphy (n.) See Caligraphy.

Calin (n.) An alloy of lead and tin, of which the Chinese make tea canisters.

Calipash (n.) A part of a turtle which is next to the upper shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a dull greenish tinge, much esteemed as a delicacy in preparations of turtle.

Calipee (n.) A part of a turtle which is attached to the lower shell. It contains a fatty and gelatinous substance of a light yellowish color, much esteemed as a delicacy.

Calipers (n. pl.) An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts, shot, etc.; or the bore of firearms, tubes, etc.; -- called also caliper compasses, or caliber compasses.

Caliph (n.) Successor or vicar; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, now used by the sultans of Turkey.

Caliphate (n.) The office, dignity, or government of a caliph or of the caliphs.

Calippic (a.) Of or pertaining to Calippus, an Athenian astronomer.

Calisaya bark () A valuable kind of Peruvian bark obtained from the Cinchona Calisaya, and other closely related species.

Calistheneum (n.) A gymnasium; esp. one for light physical exercise by women and children.

Calisthenis (a.) Of or pertaining to calisthenics.

Calisthenics (n.) The science, art, or practice of healthful exercise of the body and limbs, to promote strength and gracefulness; light gymnastics.

Caliver (n.) An early form of hand gun, variety of the arquebus; originally a gun having a regular size of bore.

Calix (n.) A cup. See Calyx.

Calked (imp. &p. p.) of Calk

Calking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calk

Calk (v. t.) To drive tarred oakum into the seams between the planks of (a ship, boat, etc.), to prevent leaking. The calking is completed by smearing the seams with melted pitch.

Calk (v. t.) To make an indentation in the edge of a metal plate, as along a seam in a steam boiler or an iron ship, to force the edge of the upper plate hard against the lower and so fill the crevice.

Calk (v. t.) To copy, as a drawing, by rubbing the back of it with red or black chalk, and then passing a blunt style or needle over the lines, so as to leave a tracing on the paper or other thing against which it is laid or held.

Calk (n.) A sharp-pointed piece of iron or steel projecting downward on the shoe of a horse or an ox, to prevent the animal from slipping; -- called also calker, calkin.

Calk (n.) An instrument with sharp points, worn on the sole of a shoe or boot, to prevent slipping.

Calk (v. i.) To furnish with calks, to prevent slipping on ice; as, to calk the shoes of a horse or an ox.

Calk (v. i.) To wound with a calk; as when a horse injures a leg or a foot with a calk on one of the other feet.

Calker (n.) One who calks.

Calker (n.) A calk on a shoe. See Calk, n., 1.

Calkin (n.) A calk on a shoe. See Calk, n., 1.

Calking (n.) The act or process of making seems tight, as in ships, or of furnishing with calks, as a shoe, or copying, as a drawing.

Called (imp. & p. p.) of Call

Calling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Call

Call (v. t.) To command or request to come or be present; to summon; as, to call a servant.

Call (v. t.) To summon to the discharge of a particular duty; to designate for an office, or employment, especially of a religious character; -- often used of a divine summons; as, to be called to the ministry; sometimes, to invite; as, to call a minister to be the pastor of a church.

Call (v. t.) To invite or command to meet; to convoke; -- often with together; as, the President called Congress together; to appoint and summon; as, to call a meeting of the Board of Aldermen.

Call (v. t.) To give name to; to name; to address, or speak of, by a specifed name.

Call (v. t.) To regard or characterize as of a certain kind; to denominate; to designate.

Call (v. t.) To state, or estimate, approximately or loosely; to characterize without strict regard to fact; as, they call the distance ten miles; he called it a full day's work.

Call (v. t.) To show or disclose the class, character, or nationality of.

Call (v. t.) To utter in a loud or distinct voice; -- often with off; as, to call, or call off, the items of an account; to call the roll of a military company.

Call (v. t.) To invoke; to appeal to.

Call (v. t.) To rouse from sleep; to awaken.

Call (v. i.) To speak in loud voice; to cry out; to address by name; -- sometimes with to.

Call (v. i.) To make a demand, requirement, or request.

Call (v. i.) To make a brief visit; also, to stop at some place designated, as for orders.

Call (n.) The act of calling; -- usually with the voice, but often otherwise, as by signs, the sound of some instrument, or by writing; a summons; an entreaty; an invitation; as, a call for help; the bugle's call.

Call (n.) A signal, as on a drum, bugle, trumpet, or pipe, to summon soldiers or sailors to duty.

Call (n.) An invitation to take charge of or serve a church as its pastor.

Call (n.) A requirement or appeal arising from the circumstances of the case; a moral requirement or appeal.

Call (n.) A divine vocation or summons.

Call (n.) Vocation; employment.

Call (n.) A short visit; as, to make a call on a neighbor; also, the daily coming of a tradesman to solicit orders.

Call (n.) A note blown on the horn to encourage the hounds.

Call (n.) A whistle or pipe, used by the boatswain and his mate, to summon the sailors to duty.

Call (n.) The cry of a bird; also a noise or cry in imitation of a bird; or a pipe to call birds by imitating their note or cry.

Call (n.) A reference to, or statement of, an object, course, distance, or other matter of description in a survey or grant requiring or calling for a corresponding object, etc., on the land.

Call (n.) The privilege to demand the delivery of stock, grain, or any commodity, at a fixed, price, at or within a certain time agreed on.

Call (n.) See Assessment, 4.

Calla (n.) A genus of plants, of the order Araceae.

Callat (n.) Same as Callet.

Calle (n.) A kind of head covering; a caul.

Caller (n.) One who calls.

Caller (a.) Cool; refreshing; fresh; as, a caller day; the caller air.

Caller (a.) Fresh; in good condition; as, caller berrings.

Callet (n.) A trull or prostitute; a scold or gossip.

Callet (v. i.) To rail or scold.

Callid (a.) Characterized by cunning or shrewdness; crafty.

Callidity (n.) Acuteness of discernment; cunningness; shrewdness.

Calligrapher (n.) One skilled in calligraphy; a good penman.

Calligraphic (a.) Alt. of Calligraphical

Calligraphical (a.) Of or pertaining to calligraphy.

Calligraphist (n.) A calligrapher

Calligraphy (n.) Fair or elegant penmanship.

Calling (n.) The act of one who calls; a crying aloud, esp. in order to summon, or to attact the attention of, some one.

Calling (n.) A summoning or convocation, as of Parliament.

Calling (n.) A divine summons or invitation; also, the state of being divinely called.

Calling (n.) A naming, or inviting; a reading over or reciting in order, or a call of names with a view to obtaining an answer, as in legislative bodies.

Calling (n.) One's usual occupation, or employment; vocation; business; trade.

Calling (n.) The persons, collectively, engaged in any particular professions or employment.

Calling (n.) Title; appellation; name.

Calliope (n.) The Muse that presides over eloquence and heroic poetry; mother of Orpheus, and chief of the nine Muses.

Calliope (n.) One of the asteroids. See Solar.

Calliope (n.) A musical instrument consisting of a series of steam whistles, toned to the notes of the scale, and played by keys arranged like those of an organ. It is sometimes attached to steamboat boilers.

Calliope (n.) A beautiful species of humming bird (Stellula Calliope) of California and adjacent regions.

Calliopsis (n.) A popular name given to a few species of the genus Coreopsis, especially to C. tinctoria of Arkansas.

Callipash (n.) See Calipash.

Callipee (n.) See Calipee.

Callipers (n. pl.) See Calipers.

Callisection (n.) Painless vivisection; -- opposed to sentisection.

Callisthenic (n.) Alt. of Callisthenics

Callisthenics (n.) See Calisthenic, Calisthenics.

Callithump (n.) A somewhat riotous parade, accompanied with the blowing of tin horns, and other discordant noises; also, a burlesque serenade; a charivari.

Callithumpian (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a callithump.

Callosan (a.) Of the callosum.

Callose (a.) Furnished with protuberant or hardened spots.

Callosities (pl. ) of Callosity

Callosity (n.) A hard or thickened spot or protuberance; a hardening and thickening of the skin or bark of a part, eps. as a result of continued pressure or friction.

Callosum (n.) The great band commissural fibers which unites the two cerebral hemispheres. See corpus callosum, under Carpus.

Callot (n.) A plant coif or skullcap. Same as Calotte.

Callous (a.) Hardened; indurated.

Callous (a.) Hardened in mind; insensible; unfeeling; unsusceptible.

Callow (a.) Destitute of feathers; naked; unfledged.

Callow (a.) Immature; boyish; "green"; as, a callow youth.

Callow (n.) A kind of duck. See Old squaw.

Callus (n.) Same as Callosity

Callus (n.) The material of repair in fractures of bone; a substance exuded at the site of fracture, which is at first soft or cartilaginous in consistence, but is ultimately converted into true bone and unites the fragments into a single piece.

Callus (n.) The new formation over the end of a cutting, before it puts out rootlets.

Calm (n.) Freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; a cessation or absence of that which causes motion or disturbance, as of winds or waves; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity.

Calmed (imp. & p. p.) of Calm

Calming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calm

Calm (n.) To make calm; to render still or quiet, as elements; as, to calm the winds.

Calm (n.) To deliver from agitation or excitement; to still or soothe, as the mind or passions.

Calm (super.) Not stormy; without motion, as of winds or waves; still; quiet; serene; undisturbed.

Calm (super.) Undisturbed by passion or emotion; not agitated or excited; tranquil; quiet in act or speech.

Calmer (n.) One who, or that which, makes calm.

Calmly (adv.) In a calm manner.

Calmness (n.) The state of quality of being calm; quietness; tranquillity; self-repose.

Calmucks (n. pl.) A branch of the Mongolian race inhabiting parts of the Russian and Chinese empires; also (sing.), the language of the Calmucks.

Calmy (n.) Tranquil; peaceful; calm.

Calomel (n.) Mild chloride of mercury, Hg2Cl2, a heavy, white or yellowish white substance, insoluble and tasteless, much used in medicine as a mercurial and purgative; mercurous chloride. It occurs native as the mineral horn quicksilver.

Calorescence (n.) The conversion of obscure radiant heat into light; the transmutation of rays of heat into others of higher refrangibility.

Caloric (n.) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.

Caloric (a.) Of or pertaining to caloric.

Caloricity (n.) A faculty in animals of developing and preserving the heat necessary to life, that is, the animal heat.

Caloriduct (n.) A tube or duct for conducting heat; a caliduct.

Calorie (n.) The unit of heat according to the French standard; the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram (sometimes, one gram) of water one degree centigrade, or from 0! to 1!. Compare the English standard unit, Foot pound.

Calorifacient (a.) See Calorificient.

Calorifere (n.) An apparatus for conveying and distributing heat, especially by means of hot water circulating in tubes.

Calorifiant (a.) See Calorificient.

Calorific (a.) Possessing the quality of producing heat; heating.

Calorification (n.) Production of heat, esp. animal heat.

Calorificient (a.) Having, or relating to the power of producing heat; -- applied to foods which, being rich in carbon, as the fats, are supposed to give rise to heat in the animal body by oxidation.

Calorimeter (n.) An apparatus for measuring the amount of heat contained in bodies or developed by some mechanical or chemical process, as friction, chemical combination, combustion, etc.

Calorimeter (n.) An apparatus for measuring the proportion of unevaporated water contained in steam.

Calorimetric (a.) Of or pertaining to the process of using the calorimeter.

Calorimetry (n.) Measurement of the quantities of heat in bodies.

Calorimotor (n.) A voltaic battery, having a large surface of plate, and producing powerful heating effects.

Calotte (n.) Alt. of Callot

Callot (n.) A close cap without visor or brim.

Callot (n.) Such a cap, worn by English serjeants at law.

Callot (n.) Such a cap, worn by the French cavalry under their helmets.

Callot (n.) Such a cap, worn by the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church.

Calotype (n.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.

Caloyer (n.) A monk of the Greek Church; a cenobite, anchoret, or recluse of the rule of St. Basil, especially, one on or near Mt. Athos.

Calque (v. t.) See 2d Calk, v. t.

Caltrop (n.) Alt. of Caltrap

Caltrap (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Tribulus) of the order Zygophylleae, having a hard several-celled fruit, armed with stout spines, and resembling the military instrument of the same name. The species grow in warm countries, and are often very annoying to cattle.

Caltrap (n.) An instrument with four iron points, so disposed that, any three of them being on the ground, the other projects upward. They are scattered on the ground where an enemy's cavalry are to pass, to impede their progress by endangering the horses' feet.

Calumba (n.) The root of a plant (Jateorrhiza Calumba, and probably Cocculus palmatus), indigenous in Mozambique. It has an unpleasantly bitter taste, and is used as a tonic and antiseptic.

Calumbin (n.) A bitter principle extracted as a white crystalline substance from the calumba root.

Calumet (n.) A kind of pipe, used by the North American Indians for smoking tobacco. The bowl is usually made of soft red stone, and the tube is a long reed often ornamented with feathers.

Calumniated (imp. & p. p.) of Calumniate

Calumniating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calumniate

Calumniate (v. t.) To accuse falsely and maliciously of a crime or offense, or of something disreputable; to slander; to libel.

Calumniate (v. i.) To propagate evil reports with a design to injure the reputation of another; to make purposely false charges of some offense or crime.

Calumniation (n.) False accusation of crime or offense, or a malicious and false representation of the words or actions of another, with a view to injure his good name.

Calumniator (n.) One who calumniates.

Calumniatory (a.) Containing calumny; slanderous.

Calumnious (a.) Containing or implying calumny; false, malicious, and injurious to reputation; slanderous; as, calumnious reports.

Calumnies (pl. ) of Calumny

Calumny (n.) False accusation of a crime or offense, maliciously made or reported, to the injury of another; malicious misrepresentation; slander; detraction.

Calvaria (n.) The bones of the cranium; more especially, the bones of the domelike upper portion.

Calvary (n.) The place where Christ was crucified, on a small hill outside of Jerusalem.

Calvary (n.) A representation of the crucifixion, consisting of three crosses with the figures of Christ and the thieves, often as large as life, and sometimes surrounded by figures of other personages who were present at the crucifixion.

Calvary (n.) A cross, set upon three steps; -- more properly called cross calvary.

Calved (imp. & p. p.) of Calve

Calving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Calve

Calve (v. i.) To bring forth a calf.

Calve (v. i.) To bring forth young; to produce offspring.

Calver (v. i.) To cut in slices and pickle, as salmon.

Calver (v. i.) To crimp; as, calvered salmon.

Calver (v. i.) To bear, or be susceptible of, being calvered; as, grayling's flesh will calver.

Calvessnout (n.) Snapdragon.

Calvinism (n.) The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin (a French theologian and reformer of the 16th century) and his followers, or of the so-called calvinistic churches.

Calvinist (n.) A follower of Calvin; a believer in Calvinism.

Calvinistic (a.) Alt. of Calvinistical

Calvinistical (a.) Of or pertaining to Calvin, or Calvinism; following Calvin; accepting or Teaching Calvinism.

Calvinize (v. t.) To convert to Calvinism.

Calvish (a.) Like a calf; stupid.

Calxes (pl. ) of Calx

Calces (pl. ) of Calx

Calx (n.) Quicklime.

Calx (n.) The substance which remains when a metal or mineral has been subjected to calcination or combustion by heat, and which is, or may be, reduced to a fine powder.

Calx (n.) Broken and refuse glass, returned to the post.

Calycifloral (a.) Alt. of callyciflorous

Callyciflorous (a.) Having the petals and stamens adnate to the calyx; -- applied to a subclass of dicotyledonous plants in the system of the French botanist Candolle.

Calyciform (a.) Having the form or appearance of a calyx.

Calycinal (a.) Alt. of Calycine

Calycine (a.) Pertaining to a calyx; having the nature of a calyx.

Calycle (n.) A row of small bracts, at the base of the calyx, on the outside.

Calycled (a.) Calyculate.

Calycozoa (n. pl.) A group of acalephs of which Lucernaria is the type. The body is cup-shaped with eight marginal lobes bearing clavate tentacles. An aboral sucker serves for attachment. The interior is divided into four large compartments. See Lucernarida.

Calycular (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the bracts of a calycle.

Calyculate (a.) Alt. of Calyculated

Calyculated (a.) Having a set of bracts resembling a calyx.

Calymene (n.) A genus of trilobites characteristic of the Silurian age.

Calyon (n.) Flint or pebble stone, used in building walls, etc.

Calypso (n.) A small and beautiful species of orchid, having a flower variegated with purple, pink, and yellow. It grows in cold and wet localities in the northern part of the United States. The Calypso borealis is the only orchid which reaches 68! N.

Calyptra (n.) A little hood or veil, resembling an extinguisher in form and position, covering each of the small flasklike capsules which contain the spores of mosses; also, any similar covering body.

Calyptriform (a.) Having the form a calyptra, or extinguisher.

Calyxes (pl. ) of Calyx

Calyces (pl. ) of Calyx

Calyx (n.) The covering of a flower. See Flower.

Calyx (n.) A cuplike division of the pelvis of the kidney, which surrounds one or more of the renal papillae.

Calzoons (n. pl.) Drawers.

Cam (n.) A turning or sliding piece which, by the shape of its periphery or face, or a groove in its surface, imparts variable or intermittent motion to, or receives such motion from, a rod, lever, or block brought into sliding or rolling contact with it.

Cam (n.) A curved wedge, movable about an axis, used for forcing or clamping two pieces together.

Cam (n.) A projecting part of a wheel or other moving piece so shaped as to give alternate or variable motion to another piece against which it acts.

Cam (n.) A ridge or mound of earth.

Cam (a.) Crooked.

Camaieu (n.) A cameo.

Camaieu (n.) Painting in shades of one color; monochrome.

Camail (n.) A neck guard of chain mall, hanging from the bascinet or other headpiece.

Camail (n.) A hood of other material than mail;

Camail (n.) a hood worn in church services, -- the amice, or the like.

Camarasaurus (n.) A genus of gigantic American Jurassic dinosaurs, having large cavities in the bodies of the dorsal vertebrae.

Camarilla (n.) The private audience chamber of a king.

Camarilla (n.) A company of secret and irresponsible advisers, as of a king; a cabal or clique.

Camass (n.) A blue-flowered liliaceous plant (Camassia esculenta) of northwestern America, the bulbs of which are collected for food by the Indians.

Camber (n.) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a high camber (said of a vessel having an unusual convexity of deck).

Camber (n.) An upward concavity in the under side of a beam, girder, or lintel; also, a slight upward concavity in a straight arch. See Hogback.

Cambered (imp. & p. p.) of Camber

Cambering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Camber

Camber (v. t.) To cut bend to an upward curve; to construct, as a deck, with an upward curve.

Camber (v. i.) To curve upward.

Camberkeeled (a.) Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.

Cambial (a.) Belonging to exchanges in commerce; of exchange.

Cambist (n.) A banker; a money changer or broker; one who deals in bills of exchange, or who is skilled in the science of exchange.

Cambistry (n.) The science of exchange, weight, measures, etc.

Cambium (n.) A series of formative cells lying outside of the wood proper and inside of the inner bark. The growth of new wood takes place in the cambium, which is very soft.

Cambium (n.) A fancied nutritive juice, formerly supposed to originate in the blood, to repair losses of the system, and to promote its increase.

Camblet (n.) See Camlet.

Camboge (n.) See Gamboge.

Camboose (n.) See Caboose.

Cambrasine (n.) A kind of linen cloth made in Egypt, and so named from its resemblance to cambric.

Cambrel (n.) See Gambrel, n., 2.

Cambria (n.) The ancient Latin name of Wales. It is used by modern poets.

Cambrian (a.) Of or pertaining to Cambria or Wales.

Cambrian (a.) Of or pertaining to the lowest subdivision of the rocks of the Silurian or Molluscan age; -- sometimes described as inferior to the Silurian. It is named from its development in Cambria or Wales. See the Diagram under Geology.

Cambrian (n.) A native of Cambria or Wales.

Cambrian (n.) The Cambrian formation.

Cambric (n.) A fine, thin, and white fabric made of flax or linen.

Cambric (n.) A fabric made, in imitation of linen cambric, of fine, hardspun cotton, often with figures of various colors; -- also called cotton cambric, and cambric muslin.

Cambro-Briton (n.) A Welshman.

Came () imp. of Come.

Came (n.) A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the panes or pieces of glass.

Camel (n.) A large ruminant used in Asia and Africa for carrying burdens and for riding. The camel is remarkable for its ability to go a long time without drinking. Its hoofs are small, and situated at the extremities of the toes, and the weight of the animal rests on the callous. The dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) has one bunch on the back, while the Bactrian camel (C. Bactrianus) has two. The llama, alpaca, and vicu?a, of South America, belong to a related genus (Auchenia).

Camel (n.) A water-tight structure (as a large box or boxes) used to assist a vessel in passing over a shoal or bar or in navigating shallow water. By admitting water, the camel or camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted.

Camel-backed (a.) Having a back like a camel; humpbacked.

Cameleon (n.) See Chaceleon.

Camellia (n.) An Asiatic genus of small shrubs, often with shining leaves and showy flowers. Camellia Japonica is much cultivated for ornament, and C. Sassanqua and C. oleifera are grown in China for the oil which is pressed from their seeds. The tea plant is now referred to this genus under the name of Camellia Thea.

Camelopard (n.) An African ruminant; the giraffe. See Giraffe.

Camelot (n.) See Camelet.

Camelshair (a.) Of camel's hair.

Cameos (pl. ) of Cameo

Cameo (n.) A carving in relief, esp. one on a small scale used as a jewel for personal adornment, or like.

Cameras (pl. ) of Camera

Camerae (pl. ) of Camera

Camera (n.) A chamber, or instrument having a chamber. Specifically: The camera obscura when used in photography. See Camera, and Camera obscura.

Camerade (n.) See Comrade.

Cameralistic (a.) Of or pertaining to finance and public revenue.

Cameralistics (n.) The science of finance or public revenue.

Camera lucida () An instrument which by means of a prism of a peculiar form, or an arrangement of mirrors, causes an apparent image of an external object or objects to appear as if projected upon a plane surface, as of paper or canvas, so that the outlines may conveniently traced. It is generally used with the microscope.

Camera obscura () An apparatus in which the images of external objects, formed by a convex lens or a concave mirror, are thrown on a paper or other white surface placed in the focus of the lens or mirror within a darkened chamber, or box, so that the outlines may be traced.

Camera obscura () An apparatus in which the image of an external object or objects is, by means of lenses, thrown upon a sensitized plate or surface placed at the back of an extensible darkened box or chamber variously modified; -- commonly called simply the camera.

Camerated (imp. & p. p.) of Camerate

Camerzting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Camerate

Camerate (v. i.) To build in the form of a vault; to arch over.

Camerate (v. i.) To divide into chambers.

Cameration (n.) A vaulting or arching over.

Camerlingo (n.) The papal chamberlain; the cardinal who presides over the pope's household. He has at times possessed great power.

Cameronian (n.) A follower of the Rev. Richard Cameron, a Scotch Covenanter of the time of Charles II.

Camis (n.) A light, loose dress or robe.

Camisade (n.) Alt. of Camisado

Camisado (n.) A shirt worn by soldiers over their uniform, in order to be able to recognize one another in a night attack.

Camisado (n.) An attack by surprise by soldiers wearing the camisado.

Camisard (n.) One of the French Protestant insurgents who rebelled against Louis XIV, after the revocation of the edict of Nates; -- so called from the peasant's smock (camise) which they wore.

Camisated (a.) Dressed with a shirt over the other garments.

Camisole (n.) A short dressing jacket for women.

Camisole (n.) A kind of straitjacket.

Camlet (n.) A woven fabric originally made of camel's hair, now chiefly of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton.

Camleted (a.) Wavy or undulating like camlet; veined.

Cammas (n.) See Camass.

Cammock (n.) A plant having long hard, crooked roots, the Ononis spinosa; -- called also rest-harrow. The Scandix Pecten-Veneris is also called cammock.

Camomile (n.) Alt. of Chamomile

Chamomile (n.) A genus of herbs (Anthemis) of the Composite family. The common camomile, A. nobilis, is used as a popular remedy. Its flowers have a strong and fragrant and a bitter, aromatic taste. They are tonic, febrifugal, and in large doses emetic, and the volatile oil is carminative.

Camonflet (n.) A small mine, sometimes formed in the wall or side of an enemy's gallery, to blow in the earth and cut off the retreat of the miners.

Camous (a.) Alt. of Camoys

Camoys (a.) Flat; depressed; crooked; -- said only of the nose.

Camoused (a.) Depressed; flattened.

Camously (adv.) Awry.

Camp (n.) The ground or spot on which tents, huts, etc., are erected for shelter, as for an army or for lumbermen, etc.

Camp (n.) A collection of tents, huts, etc., for shelter, commonly arranged in an orderly manner.

Camp (n.) A single hut or shelter; as, a hunter's camp.

Camp (n.) The company or body of persons encamped, as of soldiers, of surveyors, of lumbermen, etc.

Camp (n.) A mound of earth in which potatoes and other vegetables are stored for protection against frost; -- called also burrow and pie.

Camp (n.) An ancient game of football, played in some parts of England.

Camped (imp. & p. p.) of Camp

Camping (p. pr. & vb n.) of Camp

Camp (v. t.) To afford rest or lodging for, as an army or travelers.

Camp (v. i.) To pitch or prepare a camp; to encamp; to lodge in a camp; -- often with out.

Camp (n.) To play the game called camp.

Campagna (n.) An open level tract of country; especially "Campagna di Roma." The extensive undulating plain which surrounds Rome.

Campagnol (n.) A mouse (Arvicala agrestis), called also meadow mouse, which often does great damage in fields and gardens, by feeding on roots and seeds.

Campaign (n.) An open field; a large, open plain without considerable hills. SeeChampaign.

Campaign (n.) A connected series of military operations forming a distinct stage in a war; the time during which an army keeps the field.

Campaign (n.) Political operations preceding an election; a canvass.

Campaign (n.) The period during which a blast furnace is continuously in operation.

Campaign (v. i.) To serve in a campaign.

Campaigner (n.) One who has served in an army in several campaigns; an old soldier; a veteran.

Campana (n.) A church bell.

Campana (n.) The pasque flower.

Campana (n.) Same as Gutta.

Campaned (a.) Furnished with, or bearing, campanes, or bells.

Campanero (n.) The bellbird of South America. See Bellbird.

Campanes (n. pl.) Bells.

Campania (n.) Open country.

Campaniform (a.) Bell-shaped.

Campanile (n.) A bell tower, esp. one built separate from a church.

Campaniliform (a.) Bell-shaped; campanulate; campaniform.

Campanologist (n.) One skilled in campanology; a bell ringer.

Campanology (n.) The art of ringing bells, or a treatise on the art.

Campanula (n.) A large genus of plants bearing bell-shaped flowers, often of great beauty; -- also called bellflower.

Campanulaceous (a.) Of pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants (Camponulaceae) of which Campanula is the type, and which includes the Canterbury bell, the harebell, and the Venus's looking-glass.

Campanularian (n.) A hydroid of the family ampanularidae, characterized by having the polyps or zooids inclosed in bell-shaped calicles or hydrothecae.

Campanulate (a.) Bell-shaped.

Campbellite (n.) A member of the denomination called Christians or Disciples of Christ. They themselves repudiate the term Campbellite as a nickname. See Christian, 3.

Campeachy Wood () Logwood.

Camper (n.) One who lodges temporarily in a hut or camp.

Campestral (a.) Alt. of Campestrian

Campestrian (a.) Relating to an open fields; drowing in a field; growing in a field, or open ground.

Camptight (n.) A duel; the decision of a case by a duel.

Camphene (n.) One of a series of substances C10H16, resembling camphor, regarded as modified terpenes.

Camphine (n.) Rectified oil of turpentine, used for burning in lamps, and as a common solvent in varnishes.

Camphire (n.) An old spelling of Camphor.

Camphogen (n.) See Cymene.

Camphol (n.) See Borneol.

Camphor (n.) A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphara (the Laurus camphara of Linnaeus.). Camphor, C10H16O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative.

Camphor (n.) A gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; -- called also Malay camphor, camphor of Borneo, or borneol. See Borneol.

Camphor (v. t.) To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate.

Camphoraceous (a.) Of the nature of camphor; containing camphor.

Camphorate (v. t.) To impregnate or treat with camphor.

Camphorate (n.) A salt of camphoric acid.

Camphorate () Alt. of Camporated

Camporated () Combined or impregnated with camphor.

Camphoric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, camphor.

Camphretic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from camphor.

Camping (n.) Lodging in a camp.

Camping (n.) A game of football.

Campion (n.) A plant of the Pink family (Cucubalus bacciferus), bearing berries regarded as poisonous.

Campus (n.) The principal grounds of a college or school, between the buildings or within the main inclosure; as, the college campus.

Campylospermous (a.) Having seeds grooved lengthwise on the inner face, as in sweet cicely.

Campylotropous (a.) Having the ovules and seeds so curved, or bent down upon themselves, that the ends of the embryo are brought close together.

Camus (n.) See Camis.

Camwood (n.) See Barwood.

Can () an obs. form of began, imp. & p. p. of Begin, sometimes used in old poetry. [See Gan.]

Can (n.) A drinking cup; a vessel for holding liquids.

Can (n.) A vessel or case of tinned iron or of sheet metal, of various forms, but usually cylindrical; as, a can of tomatoes; an oil can; a milk can.

Canned (imp. & p. p.) of Can

Canning (p. pr. &vb. n.) of Can

Can (v. t.) To preserve by putting in sealed cans

Could (imp.) of Can

Can (v. t. & i.) To know; to understand.

Can (v. t. & i.) To be able to do; to have power or influence.

Can (v. t. & i.) To be able; -- followed by an infinitive without to; as, I can go, but do not wish to.

Canaanite (n.) A descendant of Canaan, the son of Ham, and grandson of Noah.

Canaanite (n.) A Native or inhabitant of the land of Canaan, esp. a member of any of the tribes who inhabited Canaan at the time of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.

Canaanite (n.) A zealot.

Canaanitish (a.) Of or pertaining to Canaan or the Canaanites.

Ca?ada (n.) A small ca?on; a narrow valley or glen; also, but less frequently, an open valley.

Canada (n.) A British province in North America, giving its name to various plants and animals.

Canadian (a.) Of or pertaining to Canada.

Canadian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Canada.

Canaille (n.) The lowest class of people; the rabble; the vulgar.

Canaille (n.) Shorts or inferior flour.

Canakin (n.) A little can or cup.

Canal (n.) An artificial channel filled with water and designed for navigation, or for irrigating land, etc.

Canal (n.) A tube or duct; as, the alimentary canal; the semicircular canals of the ear.

Canal coal () See Cannel coal.

Canaliculate (a.) Alt. of Canaliculated

Canaliculated (a.) Having a channel or groove, as in the leafstalks of most palms.

Canaliculi (pl. ) of Canaliculus

Canaliculus (n.) A minute canal.

Canalization (n.) Construction of, or furnishing with, a canal or canals.

Canard (n.) An extravagant or absurd report or story; a fabricated sensational report or statement; esp. one set afloat in the newspapers to hoax the public.

Canarese (a.) Pertaining to Canara, a district of British India.

Canary (a.) Of or pertaining to the Canary Islands; as, canary wine; canary birds.

Canary (a.) Of a pale yellowish color; as, Canary stone.

Canaries (pl. ) of Canary

Canary (n.) Wine made in the Canary Islands; sack.

Canary (n.) A canary bird.

Canary (n.) A pale yellow color, like that of a canary bird.

Canary (n.) A quick and lively dance.

Canary (v. i.) To perform the canary dance; to move nimbly; to caper.

Canary bird () A small singing bird of the Finch family (Serinus Canarius), a native of the Canary Islands. It was brought to Europe in the 16th century, and made a household pet. It generally has a yellowish body with the wings and tail greenish, but in its wild state it is more frequently of gray or brown color. It is sometimes called canary finch.

Canaster (n.) A kind of tobacco for smoking, made of the dried leaves, coarsely broken; -- so called from the rush baskets in which it is packed in South America.

Can buoy () See under Buoy, n.

Cancan (n.) A rollicking French dance, accompanied by indecorous or extravagant postures and gestures.

Canceled (imp. & p. p.) of Cancel

Cancelled () of Cancel

Canceling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cancel

Cancelling () of Cancel

Cancel (v. i.) To inclose or surround, as with a railing, or with latticework.

Cancel (v. i.) To shut out, as with a railing or with latticework; to exclude.

Cancel (v. i.) To cross and deface, as the lines of a writing, or as a word or figure; to mark out by a cross line; to blot out or obliterate.

Cancel (v. i.) To annul or destroy; to revoke or recall.

Cancel (v. i.) To suppress or omit; to strike out, as matter in type.

Cancel (v. i.) An inclosure; a boundary; a limit.

Cancel (v. i.) The suppression or striking out of matter in type, or of a printed page or pages.

Cancel (v. i.) The part thus suppressed.

Cancelier (v. i.) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk.

Cancelier (n.) Alt. of Canceleer

Canceleer (n.) The turn of a hawk upon the wing to recover herself, when she misses her aim in the stoop.

Cancellarean (a.) Cancellarean.

Cancellate (v. t.) Consisting of a network of veins, without intermediate parenchyma, as the leaves of certain plants; latticelike.

Cancellate (v. t.) Having the surface coveres with raised lines, crossing at right angles.

Cancellated (a.) Crossbarred; marked with cross lines.

Cancellated (a.) Open or spongy, as some porous bones.

Cancellation (n.) The act, process, or result of canceling; as, the cansellation of certain words in a contract, or of the contract itself.

Cancellation (n.) The operation of striking out common factors, in both the dividend and divisor.

Cancelli (v. t.) An interwoven or latticed wall or inclosure; latticework, rails, or crossbars, as around the bar of a court of justice, between the chancel and the nave of a church, or in a window.

Cancelli (v. t.) The interlacing osseous plates constituting the elastic porous tissue of certain parts of the bones, esp. in their articular extremities.

Cancellous (a.) Having a spongy or porous structure; made up of cancelli; cancellated; as, the cancellous texture of parts of many bones.

Cancer (n.) A genus of decapod Crustacea, including some of the most common shore crabs of Europe and North America, as the rock crab, Jonah crab, etc. See Crab.

Cancer (n.) The fourth of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The first point is the northern limit of the sun's course in summer; hence, the sign of the summer solstice. See Tropic.

Cancer (n.) A northern constellation between Gemini and Leo.

Cancer (n.) Formerly, any malignant growth, esp. one attended with great pain and ulceration, with cachexia and progressive emaciation. It was so called, perhaps, from the great veins which surround it, compared by the ancients to the claws of a crab. The term is now restricted to such a growth made up of aggregations of epithelial cells, either without support or embedded in the meshes of a trabecular framework.

Cancerated (imp. & p. p.) of Cancerate

Cancerate (v. i.) To grow into a canser; to become cancerous.

Canceration (n.) The act or state of becoming cancerous or growing into a cancer.

Cancerite (n.) Like a cancer; having the qualities or virulence of a cancer; affected with cancer.

Cancriform (a.) Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab-shaped.

Cancriform (a.) Like a cancer; cancerous.

Cancrine (a.) Having the qualities of a crab; crablike.

Cancrinite (n.) A mineral occurring in hexagonal crystals, also massive, generally of a yellow color, containing silica, alumina, lime, soda, and carbon dioxide.

Cancroid (a.) Resembling a crab; pertaining to the Cancroidea, one of the families of crabs, including the genus Cancer.

Cancroid (a.) Like a cancer; as, a cancroid tumor.

Cand (n.) Fluor spar. See Kand.

Candelabra (pl. ) of Candelabrum

Candelabrums (pl. ) of Candelabrum

Candelabrum (n.) A lamp stand of any sort.

Candelabrum (n.) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.

Candelabrum (n.) A large candlestick, having several branches.

Candent (a.) Heated to whiteness; glowing with heat.

Canderos (n.) An East Indian resin, of a pellucid white color, from which small ornaments and toys are sometimes made.

Candescence (n.) See Incandescence.

Candicant (a.) Growing white.

Candid (a.) White.

Candid (a.) Free from undue bias; disposed to think and judge according to truth and justice, or without partiality or prejudice; fair; just; impartial; as, a candid opinion.

Candid (a.) Open; frank; ingenuous; outspoken.

Candidacy (n.) The position of a candidate; state of being a candidate; candidateship.

Candidate (n.) One who offers himself, or is put forward by others, as a suitable person or an aspirant or contestant for an office, privilege, or honor; as, a candidate for the office of governor; a candidate for holy orders; a candidate for scholastic honors.

Candidateship (n.) Candidacy.

Candidating (n.) The taking of the position of a candidate; specifically, the preaching of a clergyman with a view to settlement.

Candidature (n.) Candidacy.

Candidly (adv.) In a candid manner.

Candidness (n.) The quality of being candid.

Candied (a.) Preserved in or with sugar; incrusted with a candylike substance; as, candied fruits.

Candied (a.) Converted wholly or partially into sugar or candy; as candied sirup.

Candied (a.) Conted or more or less with sugar; as, candidied raisins

Candied (a.) Figuratively; Honeyed; sweet; flattering.

Candied (a.) Covered or incrusted with that which resembles sugar or candy.

Candify (v. t. / v. i.) To make or become white, or candied.

Candiot (a.) Of or pertaining to Candia; Cretary.

Candite (n.) A variety of spinel, of a dark color, found at Candy, in Ceylon.

Candle (n.) A slender, cylindrical body of tallow, containing a wick composed of loosely twisted linen of cotton threads, and used to furnish light.

Candle (n.) That which gives light; a luminary.

Candleberry tree () A shrub (the Myrica cerifera, or wax-bearing myrtle), common in North America, the little nuts of which are covered with a greenish white wax, which was formerly, used for hardening candles; -- also called bayberry tree, bayberry, or candleberry.

Candlebomb (n.) A small glass bubble, filled with water, which, if placed in the flame of a candle, bursts by expansion of steam.

Candlebomb (n.) A pasteboard shell used in signaling. It is filled with a composition which makes a brilliant light when it explodes.

Candle coal () See Cannel coal.

Candlefish (n.) A marine fish (Thaleichthys Pacificus), allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific coast; -- called also eulachon. It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a wick through it

Candlefish (n.) The beshow.

Candleholder (n.) One who, or that which, holds a candle; also, one who assists another, but is otherwise not of importance.

Candlelight (n.) The light of a candle.

Candlemas (n.) The second day of February, on which is celebrated the feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary; -- so called because the candles for the altar or other sacred uses are blessed on that day.

Candlestick (n.) An instrument or utensil for supporting a candle.

Candlewaster (n.) One who consumes candles by being up late for study or dissipation.

Candock (n.) A plant or weed that grows in rivers; a species of Equisetum; also, the yellow frog lily (Nuphar luteum).

Candor (n.) Whiteness; brightness; (as applied to moral conditions) usullied purity; innocence.

Candor (n.) A disposition to treat subjects with fairness; freedom from prejudice or disguise; frankness; sincerity.

Candroy (n.) A machine for spreading out cotton cloths to prepare them for printing.

Candied (imp. & p. p.) of Candy

Candying (p. pr & vb. n.) of Candy

Candy (v. t.) To conserve or boil in sugar; as, to candy fruits; to candy ginger.

Candy (v. t.) To make sugar crystals of or in; to form into a mass resembling candy; as, to candy sirup.

Candy (v. t.) To incrust with sugar or with candy, or with that which resembles sugar or candy.

Candy (v. i.) To have sugar crystals form in or on; as, fruits preserved in sugar candy after a time.

Candy (v. i.) To be formed into candy; to solidify in a candylike form or mass.

Candy (v. t.) A more or less solid article of confectionery made by boiling sugar or molasses to the desired consistency, and than crystallizing, molding, or working in the required shape. It is often flavored or colored, and sometimes contains fruit, nuts, etc.

Candy (n.) A weight, at Madras 500 pounds, at Bombay 560 pounds.

Candytuft (n.) An annual plant of the genus Iberis, cultivated in gardens. The name was originally given to the I. umbellata, first, discovered in the island of Candia.

Cane (n.) A name given to several peculiar palms, species of Calamus and Daemanorops, having very long, smooth flexible stems, commonly called rattans.

Cane (n.) Any plant with long, hard, elastic stems, as reeds and bamboos of many kinds; also, the sugar cane.

Cane (n.) Stems of other plants are sometimes called canes; as, the canes of a raspberry.

Cane (n.) A walking stick; a staff; -- so called because originally made of one the species of cane.

Cane (n.) A lance or dart made of cane.

Cane (n.) A local European measure of length. See Canna.

Caned (imp. & p. p.) of Cane

Caning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cane

Cane (v. t.) To beat with a cane.

Cane (v. t.) To make or furnish with cane or rattan; as, to cane chairs.

Canebrake (n.) A thicket of canes.

Caned (a.) Filled with white flakes; mothery; -- said vinegar when containing mother.

Canella (n.) A genus of trees of the order Canellaceae, growing in the West Indies.

Canescent (a.) Growing white, or assuming a color approaching to white.

Can hook () A device consisting of a short rope with flat hooks at each end, for hoisting casks or barrels by the ends of the staves.

Cannicula (n.) The Dog Star; Sirius.

Canicular (a.) Pertaining to, or measured, by the rising of the Dog Star.

Canicule (n.) Canicula.

Caninal (a.) See Canine, a.

Canine (a.) Of or pertaining to the family Canidae, or dogs and wolves; having the nature or qualities of a dog; like that or those of a dog.

Canine (a.) Of or pertaining to the pointed tooth on each side the incisors.

Canine (n.) A canine tooth.

Canes (pl. ) of Canis

Canis (n.) A genus of carnivorous mammals, of the family Canidae, including the dogs and wolves.

Canister (n.) A small basket of rushes, reeds, or willow twigs, etc.

Canister (n.) A small box or case for holding tea, coffee, etc.

Canister (n.) A kind of case shot for cannon, in which a number of lead or iron balls in layers are inclosed in a case fitting the gun; -- called also canister shot.

Canker (n.) A corroding or sloughing ulcer; esp. a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth; -- called also water canker, canker of the mouth, and noma.

Canker (n.) Anything which corrodes, corrupts, or destroy.

Canker (n.) A disease incident to trees, causing the bark to rot and fall off.

Canker (n.) An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths; -- usually resulting from neglected thrush.

Canker (n.) A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog-rose.

Cankered (imp. & p. p.) of Canker

Cankering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canker

Canker (v. t.) To affect as a canker; to eat away; to corrode; to consume.

Canker (v. t.) To infect or pollute; to corrupt.

Canker (v. i.) To waste away, grow rusty, or be oxidized, as a mineral.

Canker (v. i.) To be or become diseased, or as if diseased, with canker; to grow corrupt; to become venomous.

Canker-bit (a.) Eaten out by canker, or as by canker.

Canker bloom () The bloom or blossom of the wild rose or dog-rose.

Canker blossom () That which blasts a blossom as a canker does.

Cankered (a.) Affected with canker; as, a cankered mouth.

Cankered (a.) Affected mentally or morally as with canker; sore, envenomed; malignant; fretful; ill-natured.

Cankeredly (adv.) Fretfully; spitefully.

Canker fly () A fly that preys on fruit.

Cankerous (a.) Affecting like a canker.

Canker rash () A form of scarlet fever characterized by ulcerated or putrid sore throat.

Cankerworm (n.) The larva of two species of geometrid moths which are very injurious to fruit and shade trees by eating, and often entirely destroying, the foliage. Other similar larvae are also called cankerworms.

Cankery (a.) Like a canker; full of canker.

Cankery (a.) Surly; sore; malignant.

Canna (n.) A measure of length in Italy, varying from six to seven feet. See Cane, 4.

Canna (n.) A genus of tropical plants, with large leaves and often with showy flowers. The Indian shot (C. Indica) is found in gardens of the northern United States.

Cannabene (n.) A colorless oil obtained from hemp by distillation, and possessing its intoxicating properties.

Cannabin (n.) A poisonous resin extracted from hemp (Cannabis sativa, variety Indica). The narcotic effects of hasheesh are due to this resin.

Cannabine (a.) Pertaining to hemp; hempen.

Cannabis (n.) A genus of a single species belonging to the order Uricaceae; hemp.

Cannel coal () A kind of mineral coal of a black color, sufficiently hard and solid to be cut and polished. It burns readily, with a clear, yellow flame, and on this account has been used as a substitute for candles.

Cannery (n.) A place where the business of canning fruit, meat, etc., is carried on.

Cannibal (n.) A human being that eats human flesh; hence, any that devours its own kind.

Cannibal (a.) Relating to cannibals or cannibalism.

Cannibalism (n.) The act or practice of eating human flesh by mankind. Hence; Murderous cruelty; barbarity.

Cannibally (adv.) In the manner of cannibal.

Cannikin (n.) A small can or drinking vessel.

Cannily (adv.) In a canny manner.

Canniness (n.) Caution; crafty management.

Cannons (pl. ) of Cannon

Cannon (pl. ) of Cannon

Cannon (n.) A great gun; a piece of ordnance or artillery; a firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force.

Cannon (n.) A hollow cylindrical piece carried by a revolving shaft, on which it may, however, revolve independently.

Cannon (n.) A kind of type. See Canon.

Cannon (n. & v.) See Carom.

Cannonade (n.) The act of discharging cannon and throwing ball, shell, etc., for the purpose of destroying an army, or battering a town, ship, or fort; -- usually, an attack of some continuance.

Cannonade (n.) Fig.; A loud noise like a cannonade; a booming.

Cannonade (imp. & p. p.) of Cannonade

Cannonading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cannonade

Cannonade (v. t.) To attack with heavy artillery; to batter with cannon shot.

Cannonade (v. i.) To discharge cannon; as, the army cannonaded all day.

Cannon bone () See Canon Bone.

Cannoned (a.) Furnished with cannon.

Cannoneer (n.) Alt. of Cannonier

Cannonier (n.) A man who manages, or fires, cannon.

Cannonering (n.) The use of cannon.

Cannonry (n.) Cannon, collectively; artillery.

Cannot () Am, is, or are, not able; -- written either as one word or two.

Cannula (n.) A small tube of metal, wood, or India rubber, used for various purposes, esp. for injecting or withdrawing fluids. It is usually associated with a trocar.

Cannular (a.) Having the form of a tube; tubular.

Cannulated (a.) Hollow; affording a passage through its interior length for wire, thread, etc.; as, a cannulated (suture) needle.

Canny (a.) Alt. of Cannei

Cannei (a.) Artful; cunning; shrewd; wary.

Cannei (a.) Skillful; knowing; capable.

Cannei (a.) Cautious; prudent; safe..

Cannei (a.) Having pleasing or useful qualities; gentle.

Cannei (a.) Reputed to have magical powers.

Canoes (pl. ) of Canoe

Canoe (n.) A boat used by rude nations, formed of trunk of a tree, excavated, by cutting of burning, into a suitable shape. It is propelled by a paddle or paddles, or sometimes by sail, and has no rudder.

Canoe (n.) A boat made of bark or skins, used by savages.

Canoe (n.) A light pleasure boat, especially designed for use by one who goes alone upon long excursions, including portage. It it propelled by a paddle, or by a small sail attached to a temporary mast.

Canoed (imp. & p. p.) of Canoe

Canoeing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canoe

Canoe (v. i.) To manage a canoe, or voyage in a canoe.

Canoeing (n.) The act or art of using a canoe.

Canoeist (n.) A canoeman.

Canoemen (pl. ) of Canoeman

Canoeman (n.) One who uses a canoe; one who travels in a canoe.

Canon (n.) A law or rule.

Canon (n.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.

Canon (n.) The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books, under Canonical, a.

Canon (n.) In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.

Canon (n.) A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.

Canon (n.) A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.

Canon (n.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.

Canon (n.) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.

Canon (n.) The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank.

Canon (n.) See Carom.

Ca?on (n.) A deep gorge, ravine, or gulch, between high and steep banks, worn by water courses.

Canon bit () That part of a bit which is put in a horse's mouth.

Canon bone () The shank bone, or great bone above the fetlock, in the fore and hind legs of the horse and allied animals, corresponding to the middle metacarpal or metatarsal bone of most mammals. See Horse.

Canoness (n.) A woman who holds a canonry in a conventual chapter.

Canonic (a.) Alt. of Cannonical

Cannonical (a.) Of or pertaining to a canon; established by, or according to a , canon or canons.

Canonically (adv.) In a canonical manner; according to the canons.

Canonicalness (n.) The quality of being canonical; canonicity.

Canonicals (n. pl.) The dress prescribed by canon to be worn by a clergyman when officiating. Sometimes, any distinctive professional dress.

Canonicate (n.) The office of a canon; a canonry.

Canonicity (n.) The state or quality of being canonical; agreement with the canon.

Canonist (n.) A professor of canon law; one skilled in the knowledge and practice of ecclesiastical law.

Canonistic (a.) Of or pertaining to a canonist.

Canonization (n.) The final process or decree (following beatifacation) by which the name of a deceased person is placed in the catalogue (canon) of saints and commended to perpetual veneration and invocation.

Canonization (n.) The state of being canonized or sainted.

Canonized (imp. & p. p.) of Canonize

Canonizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canonize

Canonize (v. t.) To declare (a deceased person) a saint; to put in the catalogue of saints; as, Thomas a Becket was canonized.

Canonize (v. t.) To glorify; to exalt to the highest honor.

Canonize (v. t.) To rate as inspired; to include in the canon.

Canonry (n. pl.) A benefice or prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church; a right to a place in chapter and to a portion of its revenues; the dignity or emoluments of a canon.

Canonship (a.) Of or pertaining to Canopus in Egypt; as, the Canopic vases, used in embalming.

Canopus (n.) A star of the first magnitude in the southern constellation Argo.

Canopies (pl. ) of Canopy

Canopy (n.) A covering fixed over a bed, dais, or the like, or carried on poles over an exalted personage or a sacred object, etc. chiefly as a mark of honor.

Canopy (n.) An ornamental projection, over a door, window, niche, etc.

Canopy (n.) Also, a rooflike covering, supported on pillars over an altar, a statue, a fountain, etc.

Canopes (imp. & p. p.) of Canopy

Canopying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canopy

Canopy (v. t.) To cover with, or as with, a canopy.

Canorous (a.) Melodious; musical.

Canorousness (n.) The quality of being musical.

Canstick (n.) Candlestick.

Cant (n.) A corner; angle; niche.

Cant (n.) An outer or external angle.

Cant (n.) An inclination from a horizontal or vertical line; a slope or bevel; a titl.

Cant (n.) A sudden thrust, push, kick, or other impulse, producing a bias or change of direction; also, the bias or turn so give; as, to give a ball a cant.

Cant (n.) A segment forming a side piece in the head of a cask.

Cant (n.) A segment of he rim of a wooden cogwheel.

Cant (n.) A piece of wood laid upon the deck of a vessel to support the bulkheads.

Canted (imp. & p. p.) of Cant

Canting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cant

Cant (v. t.) To incline; to set at an angle; to tilt over; to tip upon the edge; as, to cant a cask; to cant a ship.

Cant (v. t.) To give a sudden turn or new direction to; as, to cant round a stick of timber; to cant a football.

Cant (v. t.) To cut off an angle from, as from a square piece of timber, or from the head of a bolt.

Cant (n.) An affected, singsong mode of speaking.

Cant (n.) The idioms and peculiarities of speech in any sect, class, or occupation.

Cant (n.) The use of religious phraseology without understanding or sincerity; empty, solemn speech, implying what is not felt; hypocrisy.

Cant (n.) Vulgar jargon; slang; the secret language spoker by gipsies, thieves, tramps, or beggars.

Cant (a.) Of the nature of cant; affected; vulgar.

Cant (v. i.) To speak in a whining voice, or an affected, singsong tone.

Cant (v. i.) To make whining pretensions to goodness; to talk with an affectation of religion, philanthropy, etc.; to practice hypocrisy; as, a canting fanatic.

Cant (v. i.) To use pretentious language, barbarous jargon, or technical terms; to talk with an affectation of learning.

Cant (n.) A call for bidders at a public sale; an auction.

Cant (v. t.) to sell by auction, or bid a price at a sale by auction.

Can't () A colloquial contraction for can not.

Cantab (n.) A Cantabrigian.

Cantabile (a.) In a melodious, flowing style; in a singing style, as opposed to bravura, recitativo, or parlando.

Cantabile (n.) A piece or passage, whether vocal or instrumental, peculiarly adapted to singing; -- sometimes called cantilena.

Cantabrian (a.) Of or pertaining to Cantabria on the Bay of Biscay in Spain.

Cantabrigian (n.) A native or resident of Cambridge; esp. a student or graduate of the university of Cambridge, England.

Cantalever (n.) A bracket to support a balcony, a cornice, or the like.

Cantalever (n.) A projecting beam, truss, or bridge unsupported at the outer end; one which overhangs.

Cantaloupe (n.) A muskmelon of several varieties, having when mature, a yellowish skin, and flesh of a reddish orange color.

Cantankerous (a.) Perverse; contentious; ugly; malicious.

Cantar (n.) Alt. of Cantarro

Cantarro (n.) A weight used in southern Europe and East for heavy articles. It varies in different localities; thus, at Rome it is nearly 75 pounds, in Sardinia nearly 94 pounds, in Cairo it is 95 pounds, in Syria about 503 pounds.

Cantarro (n.) A liquid measure in Spain, ranging from two and a half to four gallons.

Cantata (n.) A poem set to music; a musical composition comprising choruses, solos, interludes, etc., arranged in a somewhat dramatic manner; originally, a composition for a single noise, consisting of both recitative and melody.

Cantation (n.) A singing.

Cantatory (a.) Containing cant or affectation; whining; singing.

Cantatrice (n.) A female professional singer.

Canted (a.) Having angles; as, a six canted bolt head; a canted window.

Canted (a.) Inclined at an angle to something else; tipped; sloping.

Canteen (n.) A vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink.

Canteen (n.) The sutler's shop in a garrison; also, a chest containing culinary and other vessels for officers.

Cantel (n.) See Cantle.

Canter (n.) A moderate and easy gallop adapted to pleasure riding.

Canter (n.) A rapid or easy passing over.

Cantered (imp. & p. p.) of Canter

Cantering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canter

Canter (v. i.) To move in a canter.

Canter (v. t.) To cause, as a horse, to go at a canter; to ride (a horse) at a canter.

Canter (n.) One who cants or whines; a beggar.

Canter (n.) One who makes hypocritical pretensions to goodness; one who uses canting language.

Canterbury (n.) A city in England, giving its name various articles. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury (primate of all England), and contains the shrine of Thomas a Becket, to which pilgrimages were formerly made.

Canterbury (n.) A stand with divisions in it for holding music, loose papers, etc.

Cantharidal (a.) Of or pertaining to cantharides or made of cantharides; as, cantharidal plaster.

Cantharides (n. pl.) See Cantharis.

Cantharidin (n.) The active principle of the cantharis, or Spanish fly, a volatile, acrid, bitter solid, crystallizing in four-sided prisms.

Cantharides (pl. ) of Cantharis

Cantharis (n.) A beetle (Lytta, / Cantharis, vesicatoria), havin1g an elongated cylindrical body of a brilliant green color, and a nauseous odor; the blister fly or blister beetle, of the apothecary; -- also called Spanish fly. Many other species of Lytta, used for the same purpose, take the same name. See Blister beetle, under Blister. The plural form in usually applied to the dried insects used in medicine.

Cant hook () A wooden lever with a movable iron hook. hear the end; -- used for canting or turning over heavy logs, etc.

Canthoplasty (n.) The operation of forming a new canthus, when one has been destroyed by injury or disease.

Canthi (pl. ) of Canthus

Canthus (n.) The corner where the upper and under eyelids meet on each side of the eye.

Canticles (pl. ) of Canticle

Canticle (n.) A song; esp. a little song or hymn.

Canticle (n.) The Song of Songs or Song of Solomon, one of the books of the Old Testament.

Canticle (n.) A canto or division of a poem

Canticle (n.) A psalm, hymn, or passage from the Bible, arranged for chanting in church service.

Canticoy (n.) A social gathering; usually, one for dancing.

Cantile (v. i.) Same as Cantle, v. t.

Cantilena (n.) See Cantabile.

Cantilever (n.) Same as Cantalever.

Cantillate (v. i.) To chant; to recite with musical tones.

Cantillation (n.) A chanting; recitation or reading with musical modulations.

Cantine (n.) See Canteen.

Canting (a.) Speaking in a whining tone of voice; using technical or religious terms affectedly; affectedly pious; as, a canting rogue; a canting tone.

Canting (n.) The use of cant; hypocrisy.

Cantiniere (n.) A woman who carries a canteen for soldiers; a vivandiere.

Cantion (n.) A song or verses.

Cantle (n.) A corner or edge of anything; a piece; a fragment; a part.

Cantle (n.) The upwardly projecting rear part of saddle, opposite to the pommel.

Cantle (v. t.) To cut in pieces; to cut out from.

Cantlet (n.) A piece; a fragment; a corner.

Cantos (pl. ) of Canto

Canto (n.) One of the chief divisions of a long poem; a book.

Canto (n.) The highest vocal part; the air or melody in choral music; anciently the tenor, now the soprano.

Canton (n.) A song or canto

Canton (n.) A small portion; a division; a compartment.

Canton (n.) A small community or clan.

Canton (n.) A small territorial district; esp. one of the twenty-two independent states which form the Swiss federal republic; in France, a subdivision of an arrondissement. See Arrondissement.

Canton (n.) A division of a shield occupying one third part of the chief, usually on the dexter side, formed by a perpendicular line from the top of the shield, meeting a horizontal line from the side.

Cantoned (imp. & p. p.) of Canton

Cantoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canton

Canton (v. i.) To divide into small parts or districts; to mark off or separate, as a distinct portion or division.

Canton (v. i.) To allot separate quarters to, as to different parts or divisions of an army or body of troops.

Cantonal (a.) Of or pertaining to a canton or cantons; of the nature of a canton.

Canton crape () A soft, white or colored silk fabric, of a gauzy texture and wavy appearance, used for ladies' scarfs, shawls, bonnet trimmings, etc.; -- called also Oriental crape.

Cantoned (a.) Having a charge in each of the four corners; -- said of a cross on a shield, and also of the shield itself.

Cantoned (a.) Having the angles marked by, or decorated with, projecting moldings or small columns; as, a cantoned pier or pilaster.

Canton flannel () See Cotton flannel.

Cantonize (v. i.) To divide into cantons or small districts.

Cantonment (n.) A town or village, or part of a town or village, assigned to a body of troops for quarters; temporary shelter or place of rest for an army; quarters.

Cantoon (n.) A cotton stuff showing a fine cord on one side and a satiny surface on the other.

Cantor (n.) A singer; esp. the leader of a church choir; a precentor.

Cantoral (a.) Of or belonging to a cantor.

Cantoris (a.) Of or pertaining to a cantor; as, the cantoris side of a choir; a cantoris stall.

Cantrap (n.) Alt. of Cantrip

Cantrip (n.) A charm; an incantation; a shell; a trick; adroit mischief.

Cantred (n.) Alt. of Cantref

Cantref (n.) A district comprising a hundred villages, as in Wales.

Canty (a.) Cheerful; sprightly; lively; merry.

Canuck (n.) A Canadian.

Canuck (n.) A small or medium-sized hardy horse, common in Canada.

Canula (a.) Alt. of Canulated

Canular (a.) Alt. of Canulated

Canulated (a.) See Cannula, Cannular, and Cannulated.

Canvas (n.) A strong cloth made of hemp, flax, or cotton; -- used for tents, sails, etc.

Canvas (n.) A coarse cloth so woven as to form regular meshes for working with the needle, as in tapestry, or worsted work.

Canvas (n.) A piece of strong cloth of which the surface has been prepared to receive painting, commonly painting in oil.

Canvas (n.) Something for which canvas is used: (a) A sail, or a collection of sails. (b) A tent, or a collection of tents. (c) A painting, or a picture on canvas.

Canvas (n.) A rough draft or model of a song, air, or other literary or musical composition; esp. one to show a poet the measure of the verses he is to make.

Canvas (a.) Made of, pertaining to, or resembling, canvas or coarse cloth; as, a canvas tent.

Canvasback (n.) A Species of duck (Aythya vallisneria), esteemed for the delicacy of its flesh. It visits the United States in autumn; particularly Chesapeake Bay and adjoining waters; -- so named from the markings of the plumage on its back.

Canvassed (imp. & p. p.) of Canvass

Canvassing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Canvass

Canvass (n.) To sift; to strain; to examine thoroughly; to scrutinize; as, to canvass the votes cast at an election; to canvass a district with reference to its probable vote.

Canvass (n.) To examine by discussion; to debate.

Canvass (n.) To go trough, with personal solicitation or public addresses; as, to canvass a district for votes; to canvass a city for subscriptions.

Canvass (v. i.) To search thoroughly; to engage in solicitation by traversing a district; as, to canvass for subscriptions or for votes; to canvass for a book, a publisher, or in behalf of a charity; -- commonly followed by for.

Canvass (n.) Close inspection; careful review for verification; as, a canvass of votes.

Canvass (n.) Examination in the way of discussion or debate.

Canvass (n.) Search; exploration; solicitation; systematic effort to obtain votes, subscribers, etc.

Canvasser (n.) One who canvasses.

Cany (a.) Of or pertaining to cane or canes; abounding with canes.

Canyon (n.) The English form of the Spanish word Ca?on.

Canzone (n.) A song or air for one or more voices, of Provencal origin, resembling, though not strictly, the madrigal.

Canzone (n.) An instrumental piece in the madrigal style.

Canzonet (n.) A short song, in one or more parts.

Caoutchin (n.) An inflammable, volatile, oily, liquid hydrocarbon, obtained by the destructive distillation of caoutchouc.

Caoutchouc (n.) A tenacious, elastic, gummy substance obtained from the milky sap of several plants of tropical South America (esp. the euphorbiaceous tree Siphonia elastica or Hevea caoutchouc), Asia, and Africa. Being impermeable to liquids and gases, and not readly affected by exposure to air, acids, and alkalies, it is used, especially when vulcanized, for many purposes in the arts and in manufactures. Also called India rubber (because it was first brought from India, and was formerly used chiefly for erasing pencil marks) and gum elastic. See Vulcanization.

Caoutchoucin (n.) See Caoutchin.

Cap (n.) A covering for the head

Cap (n.) One usually with a visor but without a brim, for men and boys

Cap (n.) One of lace, muslin, etc., for women, or infants

Cap (n.) One used as the mark or ensign of some rank, office, or dignity, as that of a cardinal.

Cap (n.) The top, or uppermost part; the chief.

Cap (n.) A respectful uncovering of the head.

Cap (n.) The whole top of the head of a bird from the base of the bill to the nape of the neck.

Cap (n.) Anything resembling a cap in form, position, or use

Cap (n.) The uppermost of any assemblage of parts; as, the cap of column, door, etc.; a capital, coping, cornice, lintel, or plate.

Cap (n.) Something covering the top or end of a thing for protection or ornament.

Cap (n.) A collar of iron or wood used in joining spars, as the mast and the topmast, the bowsprit and the jib boom; also, a covering of tarred canvas at the end of a rope.

Cap (n.) A percussion cap. See under Percussion.

Cap (n.) The removable cover of a journal box.

Cap (n.) A portion of a spherical or other convex surface.

Cap (n.) A large size of writing paper; as, flat cap; foolscap; legal cap.

Capped (imp. & p. p.) of Cap

Capping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cap

Cap (v. t.) To cover with a cap, or as with a cap; to provide with a cap or cover; to cover the top or end of; to place a cap upon the proper part of; as, to cap a post; to cap a gun.

Cap (v. t.) To deprive of cap.

Cap (v. t.) To complete; to crown; to bring to the highest point or consummation; as, to cap the climax of absurdity.

Cap (v. t.) To salute by removing the cap.

Cap (v. t.) To match; to mate in contest; to furnish a complement to; as, to cap text; to cap proverbs.

Cap (v. i.) To uncover the head respectfully.

Capabilities (pl. ) of Capability

Capability (n.) The quality of being capable; capacity; capableness; esp. intellectual power or ability.

Capability (n.) Capacity of being used or improved.

Capable (a.) Possessing ability, qualification, or susceptibility; having capacity; of sufficient size or strength; as, a room capable of holding a large number; a castle capable of resisting a long assault.

Capable (a.) Possessing adequate power; qualified; able; fully competent; as, a capable instructor; a capable judge; a mind capable of nice investigations.

Capable (a.) Possessing legal power or capacity; as, a man capable of making a contract, or a will.

Capable (a.) Capacious; large; comprehensive.

Capableness (n.) The quality or state of being capable; capability; adequateness; competency.

Capacified (imp. & p. p.) of Capacify

Capacify (v. t.) To quality.

Capacious (a.) Having capacity; able to contain much; large; roomy; spacious; extended; broad; as, a capacious vessel, room, bay, or harbor.

Capacious (a.) Able or qualified to make large views of things, as in obtaining knowledge or forming designs; comprehensive; liberal.

Capaciosly (adv.) In a capacious manner or degree; comprehensively.

Capaciousness (n.) The quality of being capacious, as of a vessel, a reservoir a bay, the mind, etc.

Capacitated (imp. & p. p.) of Capacitate

Capacitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Capacitate

Capacitate (v. t.) To render capable; to enable; to qualify.

Capacities (pl. ) of Capacity

Capacity (n.) The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.

Capacity (n.) The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of undestanding or feeling.

Capacity (n.) Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.

Capacity (n.) Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.

Capacity (n.) Legal or noral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, will, etc.; legal power or right; competency.

Capape (adv.) See Cap-a-pie.

Capapie (adv.) From head to foot; at all points.

Caparison (n.) An ornamental covering or housing for a horse; the harness or trappings of a horse, taken collectively, esp. when decorative.

Caparison (n.) Gay or rich clothing.

Caparisoned (imp. & p. p.) of Caparison

Caparisoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caparison

Caparison (v. t.) To cover with housings, as a horse; to harness or fit out with decorative trappings, as a horse.

Caparison (v. t.) To aborn with rich dress; to dress.

Caparro (n.) A large South American monkey (Lagothrix Humboldtii), with prehensile tail.

Capcase (n.) A small traveling case or bandbox; formerly, a chest.

Cape (n.) A piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; a promontory; a headland.

Cape (v. i.) To head or point; to keep a course; as, the ship capes southwest by south.

Cape (n.) A sleeveless garment or part of a garment, hanging from the neck over the back, arms, and shoulders, but not reaching below the hips. See Cloak.

Cape (v. i.) To gape.

Capel (n.) Alt. of Caple

Caple (n.) A horse; a nag.

Capel (n.) A composite stone (quartz, schorl, and hornblende) in the walls of tin and copper lodes.

Capelan (n.) See Capelin.

Capelin (n.) A small marine fish (Mallotus villosus) of the family Salmonidae, very abundant on the coasts of Greenland, Iceland, Newfoundland, and Alaska. It is used as a bait for the cod.

Cappeline (n.) A hood-shaped bandage for the head, the shoulder, or the stump of an amputated limb.

Capella (n.) A brilliant star in the constellation Auriga.

Capellane (n.) The curate of a chapel; a chaplain.

Capelle (n.) The private orchestra or band of a prince or of a church.

Capellet (n.) A swelling, like a wen, on the point of the elbow (or the heel of the hock) of a horse, caused probably by bruises in lying down.

Capellmeister (n.) The musical director in royal or ducal chapel; a choir-master.

Capered (imp. & p. p.) of Caper

Capering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caper

Caper (v. i.) To leap or jump about in a sprightly manner; to cut capers; to skip; to spring; to prance; to dance.

Caper (n.) A frolicsome leap or spring; a skip; a jump, as in mirth or dancing; a prank.

Caper (n.) A vessel formerly used by the Dutch, privateer.

Caper (n.) The pungent grayish green flower bud of the European and Oriental caper (Capparis spinosa), much used for pickles.

Caper (n.) A plant of the genus Capparis; -- called also caper bush, caper tree.

Caperberry (n.) The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.

Caperberry (n.) The currantlike fruit of the African and Arabian caper (Capparis sodado).

Caper bush () Alt. of Caper tree

Caper tree () See Capper, a plant, 2.

Capercailzie (n.) Alt. of Capercally

Capercally (n.) A species of grouse (Tetrao uragallus) of large size and fine flavor, found in northern Europe and formerly in Scotland; -- called also cock of the woods.

Caperclaw (v. t.) To treat with cruel playfulness, as a cat treats a mouse; to abuse.

Caperer (n.) One who capers, leaps, and skips about, or dances.

Capful (n.) As much as will fill a cap.

Capias (n.) A writ or process commanding the officer to take the body of the person named in it, that is, to arrest him; -- also called writ of capias.

Capibara (n.) See Capybara.

Capillaceous (a.) Having long filaments; resembling a hair; slender. See Capillary.

Capillaire (n.) A sirup prepared from the maiden-hair, formerly supposed to have medicinal properties.

Capillaire (n.) Any simple sirup flavored with orange flowers.

Capillament (n.) A filament.

Capillament (n.) Any villous or hairy covering; a fine fiber or filament, as of the nerves.

Capillariness (n.) The quality of being capillary.

Capillarity (n.) The quality or condition of being capillary.

Capillarity (n.) The peculiar action by which the surface of a liquid, where it is in contact with a solid (as in a capillary tube), is elevated or depressed; capillary attraction.

Capillary (a.) Resembling a hair; fine; minute; very slender; having minute tubes or interspaces; having very small bore; as, the capillary vessels of animals and plants.

Capillary (a.) Pertaining to capillary tubes or vessels; as, capillary action.

Capillary (n.) A tube or vessel, extremely fine or minute.

Capillary (n.) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.

Capillation (n.) A capillary blood vessel.

Capillature (n.) A bush of hair; frizzing of the hair.

Capilliform (a.) In the shape or form of, a hair, or of hairs.

Capillose (a.) Having much hair; hairy.

Capistrate (a.) Hooded; cowled.

Capital (n.) Of or pertaining to the head.

Capital (n.) Having reference to, or involving, the forfeiture of the head or life; affecting life; punishable with death; as, capital trials; capital punishment.

Capital (n.) First in importance; chief; principal.

Capital (n.) Chief, in a political sense, as being the seat of the general government of a state or nation; as, Washington and Paris are capital cities.

Capital (n.) Of first rate quality; excellent; as, a capital speech or song.

Capital (n.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking. See these terms, and Column.

Capital (n.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis.

Capital (n.) Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock, under Capital, a.

Capital (a.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production.

Capital (a.) Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.

Capital (a.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.

Capital (a.) A chapter, or section, of a book.

Capital (a.) See Capital letter, under Capital, a.

Capitalist (n.) One who has capital; one who has money for investment, or money invested; esp. a person of large property, which is employed in business.

Capitalization (n.) The act or process of capitalizing.

Capitalized (imp. & p. p.) of Capitalize

Capitalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Capitalize

Capitalize (v. t.) To convert into capital, or to use as capital.

Capitalize (v. t.) To compute, appraise, or assess the capital value of (a patent right, an annuity, etc.)

Capitalize (v. t.) To print in capital letters, or with an initial capital.

Capitally (adv.) In a way involving the forfeiture of the head or life; as, to punish capitally.

Capitally (adv.) In a capital manner; excellently.

Capitalness (n.) The quality of being capital; preeminence.

Capitan Pasha () Alt. of Pacha

Pacha () The chief admiral of the Turkish fleet.

Capitate (a.) Headlike in form; also, having the distal end enlarged and rounded, as the stigmas of certain flowers.

Capitate (a.) Having the flowers gathered into a head.

Capitatim (a.) Of so much per head; as, a capitatim tax; a capitatim grant.

Capitation (n.) A numbering of heads or individuals.

Capitation (n.) A tax upon each head or person, without reference to property; a poll tax.

Capite (n.) See under Tenant.

Capitellate (a.) Having a very small knoblike termination, or collected into minute capitula.

Capitibranchiata (n. pl.) A division of annelids in which the gills arise from or near the head. See Tubicola.

Capitol () The temple of Jupiter, at Rome, on the Mona Capitolinus, where the Senate met.

Capitol () The edifice at Washington occupied by the Congress of the United States; also, the building in which the legislature of State holds its sessions; a statehouse.

Capitolian (a.) Alt. of Capitoline

Capitoline (a.) Of or pertaining to the Capitol in Rome.

Capitula (n. pl.) See Capitulum.

Capitular (n.) An act passed in a chapter.

Capitular (n.) A member of a chapter.

Capitular (n.) The head or prominent part.

Capitular (a.) Of or pertaining to a chapter; capitulary.

Capitular (a.) Growing in, or pertaining to, a capitulum.

Capitular (a.) Pertaining to a capitulum; as, the capitular process of a vertebra, the process which articulates with the capitulum of a rib.

Capitularly (adv.) In the manner or form of an ecclesiastical chapter.

Capitularies (pl. ) of Capitulary

Capitulary (n.) A capitular.

Capitulary (n.) The body of laws or statutes of a chapter, or of an ecclesiastical council.

Capitulary (n.) A collection of laws or statutes, civil and ecclesiastical, esp. of the Frankish kings, in chapters or sections.

Capitulary (a.) Relating to the chapter of a cathedral; capitular.

Capitulated (imp. & p. p.) of Capitulate

Capitulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Capitulate

Capitulate (n.) To settle or draw up the heads or terms of an agreement, as in chapters or articles; to agree.

Capitulate (n.) To surrender on terms agreed upon (usually, drawn up under several heads); as, an army or a garrison capitulates.

Capitulate (v. t.) To surrender or transfer, as an army or a fortress, on certain conditions.

Capitulation (n.) A reducing to heads or articles; a formal agreement.

Capitulation (n.) The act of capitulating or surrendering to an emeny upon stipulated terms.

Capitulation (n.) The instrument containing the terms of an agreement or surrender.

Capitulator (n.) One who capitulates.

Capitule (n.) A summary.

Capitulum (n.) A thick head of flowers on a very short axis, as a clover top, or a dandelion; a composite flower. A capitulum may be either globular or flat.

Capitulum (n.) A knoblike protuberance of any part, esp. at the end of a bone or cartilage. [See Illust. of Artiodactyla.]

Capivi (n.) A balsam of the Spanish West Indies. See Copaiba.

Caple (n.) See Capel.

Caplin (n.) See Capelin.

Caplin (n.) Alt. of Capling

Capling (n.) The cap or coupling of a flail, through which the thongs pass which connect the handle and swingel.

Capnomancy (n.) Divination by means of the ascent or motion of smoke.

Capnomor (n.) A limpid, colorless oil with a peculiar odor, obtained from beech tar.

Capoc (n.) A sort of cotton so short and fine that it can not be spun, used in the East Indies to line palanquins, to make mattresses, etc.

Capoches (pl. ) of Capoch

Capoch (n.) A hood; especially, the hood attached to the gown of a monk.

Capoched (imp. & p. p.) of Capoch

Capoch (v. t.) To cover with, or as with, a hood; hence, to hoodwink or blind.

Capon (n.) A castrated cock, esp. when fattened; a male chicken gelded to improve his flesh for the table.

Capon (v. t.) To castrate; to make a capon of.

Caponet (n.) A young capon.

Caponiere (n.) A work made across or in the ditch, to protect it from the enemy, or to serve as a covered passageway.

Caponize (v. t.) To castrate, as a fowl.

Capot (n.) A winning of all the tricks at the game of piquet. It counts for forty points.

Capotted (imp. & p. p.) of Capot

Capot (v. t.) To win all the tricks from, in playing at piquet.

Capote (n.) A long cloak or overcoat, especially one with a hood.

Capouch (n. & v. t.) Same as Capoch.

Cappadine (n.) A floss or waste obtained from the cocoon after the silk has been reeled off, used for shag.

Cappaper () See cap, n., also Paper, n.

Cappeak (n.) The front piece of a cap; -- now more commonly called visor.

Cappella (n.) See A cappella.

Capper (n.) One whose business is to make or sell caps.

Capper (n.) A by-bidder; a decoy for gamblers [Slang, U. S.].

Capper (n.) An instrument for applying a percussion cap to a gun or cartridge.

Capping plane () A plane used for working the upper surface of staircase rails.

Capra (n.) A genus of ruminants, including the common goat.

Caprate (n.) A salt of capric acid.

Capreolate (a.) Having a tendril or tendrils.

Capreoline (a.) Of or pertaining to the roebuck.

Capric (a.) Of or pertaining to capric acid or its derivatives.

Cariccio (n.) A piece in a free form, with frequent digressions from the theme; a fantasia; -- often called caprice.

Cariccio (n.) A caprice; a freak; a fancy.

Capricioso (a.) In a free, fantastic style.

Caprice (v. i.) An abrupt change in feeling, opinion, or action, proceeding from some whim or fancy; a freak; a notion.

Caprice (v. i.) See Capriccio.

Capricious (a.) Governed or characterized by caprice; apt to change suddenly; freakish; whimsical; changeable.

Capricorn (n.) The tenth sign of zodiac, into which the sun enters at the winter solstice, about December 21. See Tropic.

Capricorn (n.) A southern constellation, represented on ancient monuments by the figure of a goat, or a figure with its fore part like a fish.

Caprid (a.) Of or pertaining to the tribe of ruminants of which the goat, or genus Capra, is the type.

Caprification (n.) The practice of hanging, upon the cultivated fig tree, branches of the wild fig infested with minute hymenopterous insects.

Caprifole (n.) The woodbine or honeysuckle.

Caprifoliaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the Honeysuckle family of plants (Caprifoliacae.

Capriform (a.) Having the form of a goat.

Caprigenous (a.) Of the goat kind.

Caprine (a.) Of or pertaining to a goat; as, caprine gambols.

Capriole (v. i.) A leap that a horse makes with all fours, upwards only, without advancing, but with a kick or jerk of the hind legs when at the height of the leap.

Capriole (v. i.) A leap or caper, as in dancing.

Capriole (v. i.) To perform a capriole.

Capriped (a.) Having feet like those of a goat.

Caproate (n.) A salt of caproic acid.

Caproic (a.) See under Capric.

Caprylate (n.) A salt of caprylic acid.

Caprylic (a.) See under Capric.

Capsaicin (n.) A colorless crystalline substance extracted from the Capsicum annuum, and giving off vapors of intense acridity.

Capsheaf (n.) The top sheaf of a stack of grain: (fig.) the crowning or finishing part of a thing.

Capsicin (n.) A red liquid or soft resin extracted from various species of capsicum.

Capsicine (n.) A volatile alkaloid extracted from Capsicum annuum or from capsicin.

Capsicum (n.) A genus of plants of many species, producing capsules or dry berries of various forms, which have an exceedingly pungent, biting taste, and when ground form the red or Cayenne pepper of commerce.

Capsized (imp. & p. p.) of Capsize

Capsizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Capsize

Capsize (v. t. & i.) To upset or overturn, as a vessel or other body.

Capsize (n.) An upset or overturn.

Capsquare (n.) A metal covering plate which passes over the trunnions of a cannon, and holds it in place.

Capstan (n.) A vertical cleated drum or cylinder, revolving on an upright spindle, and surmounted by a drumhead with sockets for bars or levers. It is much used, especially on shipboard, for moving or raising heavy weights or exerting great power by traction upon a rope or cable, passing around the drum. It is operated either by steam power or by a number of men walking around the capstan, each pushing on the end of a lever fixed in its socket.

Capstone (n.) A fossil echinus of the genus Cannulus; -- so called from its supposed resemblance to a cap.

Capsular (a.) Alt. of Capsulary

Capsulary (a.) Of or pertaining to a capsule; having the nature of a capsule; hollow and fibrous.

Capsulate (a.) Alt. of Capsulated

Capsulated (a.) Inclosed in a capsule, or as in a chest or box.

Capsule (n.) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as, the capsule of the poppy, the flax, the lily, etc.

Capsule (n.) A small saucer of clay for roasting or melting samples of ores, etc.; a scorifier.

Capsule (n.) a small, shallow, evaporating dish, usually of porcelain.

Capsule (n.) A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed.

Capsule (n.) A membranous sac containing fluid, or investing an organ or joint; as, the capsule of the lens of the eye. Also, a capsulelike organ.

Capsule (n.) A metallic seal or cover for closing a bottle.

Capsule (n.) A small cup or shell, as of metal, for a percussion cap, cartridge, etc.

Captain (n.) A head, or chief officer

Captain (n.) The military officer who commands a company, troop, or battery, or who has the rank entitling him to do so though he may be employed on other service.

Captain (n.) An officer in the United States navy, next above a commander and below a commodore, and ranking with a colonel in the army.

Captain (n.) By courtesy, an officer actually commanding a vessel, although not having the rank of captain.

Captain (n.) The master or commanding officer of a merchant vessel.

Captain (n.) One in charge of a portion of a ship's company; as, a captain of a top, captain of a gun, etc.

Captain (n.) The foreman of a body of workmen.

Captain (n.) A person having authority over others acting in concert; as, the captain of a boat's crew; the captain of a football team.

Captain (n.) A military leader; a warrior.

Captain (v. t.) To act as captain of; to lead.

Captain (a.) Chief; superior.

Captaincy (n.) The rank, post, or commission of a captain.

Captainry (n.) Power, or command, over a certain district; chieftainship.

Captainship (n.) The condition, rank, post, or authority of a captain or chief commander.

Captainship (n.) Military skill; as, to show good captainship.

Captation (n.) A courting of favor or applause, by flattery or address; a captivating quality; an attraction.

Caption (n.) A caviling; a sophism.

Caption (n.) The act of taking or arresting a person by judicial process.

Caption (n.) That part of a legal instrument, as a commission, indictment, etc., which shows where, when, and by what authority, it was taken, found, or executed.

Caption (n.) The heading of a chapter, section, or page.

Captious (a.) Apt to catch at faults; disposed to find fault or to cavil; eager to object; difficult to please.

Captious (a.) Fitted to harass, perplex, or insnare; insidious; troublesome.

Captiously (adv.) In a captious manner.

Captiousness (n.) Captious disposition or manner.

Captivated (imp. & p. p.) of Captivate

Captivating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Captivate

Captivate (v. t.) To take prisoner; to capture; to subdue.

Captivate (v. t.) To acquire ascendancy over by reason of some art or attraction; to fascinate; to charm; as, Cleopatra captivated Antony; the orator captivated all hearts.

Captivate (p. a.) Taken prisoner; made captive; insnared; charmed.

Captivating (a.) Having power to captivate or charm; fascinating; as, captivating smiles.

Captivation (n.) The act of captivating.

Captive (n.) A prisoner taken by force or stratagem, esp., by an enemy, in war; one kept in bondage or in the power of another.

Captive (n.) One charmed or subdued by beaty, excellence, or affection; one who is captivated.

Captive (a.) Made prisoner, especially in war; held in bondage or in confinement.

Captive (a.) Subdued by love; charmed; captivated.

Captive (a.) Of or pertaining to bondage or confinement; serving to confine; as, captive chains; captive hours.

Captived (imp. & p. p.) of Captive

Captiving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Captive

Captive (v. t.) To take prisoner; to capture.

Captivity (n.) The state of being a captive or a prisoner.

Captivity (n.) A state of being under control; subjection of the will or affections; bondage.

Captor (n.) One who captures any person or thing, as a prisoner or a prize.

Capture (n.) The act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power or by stratagem; as, the capture of an enemy, a vessel, or a criminal.

Capture (n.) The securing of an object of strife or desire, as by the power of some attraction.

Capture (n.) The thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem; a prize; prey.

Captured (imp. & p. p.) of Capture

Capturing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Capture

Capture (v. t.) To seize or take possession of by force, surprise, or stratagem; to overcome and hold; to secure by effort.

Capuccio (n.) A capoch or hood.

Capuched (a.) Cover with, or as with, a hood.

Capuchin (n.) A Franciscan monk of the austere branch established in 1526 by Matteo di Baschi, distinguished by wearing the long pointed cowl or capoch of St. Francis.

Capuchin (n.) A garment for women, consisting of a cloak and hood, resembling, or supposed to resemble, that of capuchin monks.

Capuchin (n.) A long-tailed South American monkey (Cabus capucinus), having the forehead naked and wrinkled, with the hair on the crown reflexed and resembling a monk's cowl, the rest being of a grayish white; -- called also capucine monkey, weeper, sajou, sapajou, and sai.

Capuchin (n.) Other species of Cabus, as C. fatuellus (the brown or horned capucine.), C. albifrons (the cararara), and C. apella.

Capuchin (n.) A variety of the domestic pigeon having a hoodlike tuft of feathers on the head and sides of the neck.

Capucine (n.) See Capuchin, 3.

Capulet (n.) Same as Capellet.

Capulin (n.) The Mexican cherry (Prunus Capollin).

Capita (pl. ) of Caput

Caput (n.) The head; also, a knoblike protuberance or capitulum.

Caput (n.) The top or superior part of a thing.

Caput (n.) The council or ruling body of the University of Cambridge prior to the constitution of 1856.

Capybara (n.) A large South American rodent (Hydrochaerus capybara) Living on the margins of lakes and rivers. It is the largest extant rodent, being about three feet long, and half that in height. It somewhat resembles the Guinea pig, to which it is related; -- called also cabiai and water hog.

Car (n.) A small vehicle moved on wheels; usually, one having but two wheels and drawn by one horse; a cart.

Car (n.) A vehicle adapted to the rails of a railroad.

Car (n.) A chariot of war or of triumph; a vehicle of splendor, dignity, or solemnity.

Car (n.) The stars also called Charles's Wain, the Great Bear, or the Dipper.

Car (n.) The cage of a lift or elevator.

Car (n.) The basket, box, or cage suspended from a balloon to contain passengers, ballast, etc.

Car (n.) A floating perforated box for living fish.

Carabid (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the genus Carbus or family Carabidae.

Carabid (n.) One of the Carabidae, a family of active insectivorous beetles.

Carabine (n.) A carbine.

Carabineer (n.) A carbineer.

Caraboid (a.) Like, or pertaining to the genus Carabus.

Carabus (n.) A genus of ground beetles, including numerous species. They devour many injurious insects.

Carac (n.) See Carack.

Caracal (n.) A lynx (Felis, or Lynx, caracal.) It is a native of Africa and Asia. Its ears are black externally, and tipped with long black hairs.

Caracara (n.) A south American bird of several species and genera, resembling both the eagles and the vultures. The caracaras act as scavengers, and are also called carrion buzzards.

Carack (n.) A kind of large ship formerly used by the Spaniards and Portuguese in the East India trade; a galleon.

Caracole (n.) A half turn which a horseman makes, either to the right or the left.

Caracole (n.) A staircase in a spiral form.

Caracoled (imp. & p. p.) of Caracole

Caracole (v. i.) To move in a caracole, or in caracoles; to wheel.

Caracoly (n.) An alloy of gold, silver, and copper, of which an inferior quality of jewelry is made.

Caracore (n.) Alt. of Caracora

Caracora (n.) A light vessel or proa used by the people of Borneo, etc., and by the Dutch in the East Indies.

Carafe (n.) A glass water bottle for the table or toilet; -- called also croft.

Carageen (n.) Alt. of Caragheen

Caragheen (n.) See Carrageen.

Carambola (n.) An East Indian tree (Averrhoa Carambola), and its acid, juicy fruit; called also Coromandel gooseberry.

Caramel (n.) Burnt sugar; a brown or black porous substance obtained by heating sugar. It is soluble in water, and is used for coloring spirits, gravies, etc.

Caramel (n.) A kind of confectionery, usually a small cube or square of tenacious paste, or candy, of varying composition and flavor.

Carangoid (a.) Belonging to the Carangidae, a family of fishes allied to the mackerels, and including the caranx, American bluefish, and the pilot fish.

Caranx (n.) A genus of fishes, common on the Atlantic coast, including the yellow or golden mackerel.

Carapace (n.) The thick shell or shield which covers the back of the tortoise, or turtle, the crab, and other crustaceous animals.

Carapato (n.) A south American tick of the genus Amblyomma. There are several species, very troublesome to man and beast.

Carapax (n.) See Carapace.

Carat (n.) The weight by which precious stones and pearls are weighed.

Carat (n.) A twenty-fourth part; -- a term used in estimating the proportionate fineness of gold.

Caravan (n.) A company of travelers, pilgrims, or merchants, organized and equipped for a long journey, or marching or traveling together, esp. through deserts and countries infested by robbers or hostile tribes, as in Asia or Africa.

Caravan (n.) A large, covered wagon, or a train of such wagons, for conveying wild beasts, etc., for exhibition; an itinerant show, as of wild beasts.

Caravan (n.) A covered vehicle for carrying passengers or for moving furniture, etc.; -- sometimes shorted into van.

Caravaneer (n.) The leader or driver of the camels in caravan.

Caravansaries (pl. ) of Caravansary

Caravansary (n.) A kind of inn, in the East, where caravans rest at night, being a large, rude, unfurnished building, surrounding a court.

Caravel (n.) A name given to several kinds of vessels.

Caravel (n.) The caravel of the 16th century was a small vessel with broad bows, high, narrow poop, four masts, and lateen sails. Columbus commanded three caravels on his great voyage.

Caravel (n.) A Portuguese vessel of 100 or 150 tons burden.

Caravel (n.) A small fishing boat used on the French coast.

Caravel (n.) A Turkish man-of-war.

Caraway (n.) A biennial plant of the Parsley family (Carum Carui). The seeds have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste. They are used in cookery and confectionery, and also in medicine as a carminative.

Caraway (n.) A cake or sweetmeat containing caraway seeds.

Carbamic (a.) Pertaining to an acid so called.

Carbamide (n.) The technical name for urea.

Carbamine (n.) An isocyanide of a hydrocarbon radical. The carbamines are liquids, usually colorless, and of unendurable odor.

Carbanil (n.) A mobile liquid, CO.N.C6H5, of pungent odor. It is the phenyl salt of isocyanic acid.

Carbazol (n.) A white crystallized substance, C12H8NH, derived from aniline and other amines.

Carbazotate (n.) A salt of carbazotic or picric acid; a picrate.

Carbazotic (a.) Containing, or derived from, carbon and nitrogen.

Carbide (n.) A binary compound of carbon with some other element or radical, in which the carbon plays the part of a negative; -- formerly termed carburet.

Carbimide (n.) The technical name for isocyanic acid. See under Isocyanic.

Carbine (n.) A short, light musket or rifle, esp. one used by mounted soldiers or cavalry.

Carbineer (n.) A soldier armed with a carbine.

Carbinol (n.) Methyl alcohol, CH3OH; -- also, by extension, any one in the homologous series of paraffine alcohols of which methyl alcohol is the type.

Carbohydrate (n.) One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.

Carbohydride (n.) A hydrocarbon.

Carbolic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid derived from coal tar and other sources; as, carbolic acid (called also phenic acid, and phenol). See Phenol.

Carbolize (v. t.) To apply carbolic acid to; to wash or treat with carbolic acid.

Carbon (n.) An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.

Carbonaceous (a.) Pertaining to, containing, or composed of, carbon.

Carbonade (n.) Alt. of Carbonado

Carbonado (n.) Flesh, fowl, etc., cut across, seasoned, and broiled on coals; a chop.

Carbonadoed (imp. & p. p.) of Carbonade

Carbonadoing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carbonade

Carbonado (v. t.) Alt. of Carbonade

Carbonade (v. t.) To cut (meat) across for frying or broiling; to cut or slice and broil.

Carbonade (v. t.) To cut or hack, as in fighting.

Carbonadoes (pl. ) of Carbonado

Carbonado (n.) A black variety of diamond, found in Brazil, and used for diamond drills. It occurs in irregular or rounded fragments, rarely distinctly crystallized, with a texture varying from compact to porous.

Carbonarism (n.) The principles, practices, or organization of the Carbonari.

Carbonari (pl. ) of Carbonaro

Carbonaro (n.) A member of a secret political association in Italy, organized in the early part of the nineteenth centry for the purpose of changing the government into a republic.

Carbonatation (n.) The saturation of defecated beet juice with carbonic acid gas.

Carbonate (n.) A salt or carbonic acid, as in limestone, some forms of lead ore, etc.

Carbonated (a.) Combined or impregnated with carbonic acid.

Carbone (v. t.) To broil. [Obs.] "We had a calf's head carboned".

Carbonic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, carbon; as, carbonic oxide.

Carbonide (n.) A carbide.

Carboniferous (a.) Producing or containing carbon or coal.

Carbonization (n.) The act or process of carbonizing.

Carbonized (imp. & p. p.) of Carbonize

Carbonizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carbonize

Carbonize (v. t.) To convert (an animal or vegetable substance) into a residue of carbon by the action of fire or some corrosive agent; to char.

Carbonize (v. t.) To impregnate or combine with carbon, as in making steel by cementation.

Carbonometer (n.) An instrument for detecting and measuring the amount of carbon which is present, or more esp. the amount of carbon dioxide, by its action on limewater or by other means.

Carbonyl (n.) The radical (CO)'', occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc.

Carbostyril (n.) A white crystalline substance, C9H6N.OH, of acid properties derived from one of the amido cinnamic acids.

Carboxide (n.) A compound of carbon and oxygen, as carbonyl, with some element or radical; as, potassium carboxide.

Carboxyl (n.) The complex radical, CO.OH, regarded as the essential and characteristic constituent which all oxygen acids of carbon (as formic, acetic, benzoic acids, etc.) have in common; -- called also oxatyl.

Carboy (n.) A large, globular glass bottle, esp. one of green glass, inclosed in basket work or in a box, for protection; -- used commonly for carrying corrosive liquids; as sulphuric acid, etc.

Carbuncle (n.) A beautiful gem of a deep red color (with a mixture of scarlet) called by the Greeks anthrax; found in the East Indies. When held up to the sun, it loses its deep tinge, and becomes of the color of burning coal. The name belongs for the most part to ruby sapphire, though it has been also given to red spinel and garnet.

Carbuncle (n.) A very painful acute local inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue, esp. of the trunk or back of the neck, characterized by brawny hardness of the affected parts, sloughing of the skin and deeper tissues, and marked constitutional depression. It differs from a boil in size, tendency to spread, and the absence of a central core, and is frequently fatal. It is also called anthrax.

Carbuncle (n.) A charge or bearing supposed to represent the precious stone. It has eight scepters or staves radiating from a common center. Called also escarbuncle.

Carbuncled (a.) Set with carbuncles.

Carbuncled (a.) Affected with a carbuncle or carbuncles; marked with red sores; pimpled and blotched.

Carbuncular (a.) Belonging to a carbuncle; resembling a carbuncle; red; inflamed.

Carbunculation (n.) The blasting of the young buds of trees or plants, by excessive heat or cold.

Carburet (n.) A carbide. See Carbide

Carbureted (imp. & p. p.) of Carburet

Carburetted () of Carburet

Carbureting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carburet

Carburetting () of Carburet

Carburet (v. t.) To combine or to impregnate with carbon, as by passing through or over a liquid hydrocarbon; to carbonize or carburize.

Carburetant (n.) Any volatile liquid used in charging illuminating gases.

Carbureted (a.) Combined with carbon in the manner of a carburet or carbide.

Carbureted (a.) Saturated or impregnated with some volatile carbon compound; as, water gas is carbureted to increase its illuminating power.

Carburetor (n.) An apparatus in which coal gas, hydrogen, or air is passed through or over a volatile hydrocarbon, in order to confer or increase illuminating power.

Carburization (n.) The act, process, or result of carburizing.

Carburized (imp. & p. p.) of Carburize

Carburizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carburize

Carburize (v. t.) To combine with carbon or a carbon compound; -- said esp. of a process for conferring a higher degree of illuminating power on combustible gases by mingling them with a vapor of volatile hydrocarbons.

Carcajou (n.) The wolverene; -- also applied, but erroneously, to the Canada lynx, and sometimes to the American badger. See Wolverene.

Carcanet (n.) A jeweled chain, necklace, or collar.

Carcase (n.) See Carcass.

Carcasses (pl. ) of Carcass

Carcass (n.) A dead body, whether of man or beast; a corpse; now commonly the dead body of a beast.

Carcass (n.) The living body; -- now commonly used in contempt or ridicule.

Carcass (n.) The abandoned and decaying remains of some bulky and once comely thing, as a ship; the skeleton, or the uncovered or unfinished frame, of a thing.

Carcass (n.) A hollow case or shell, filled with combustibles, to be thrown from a mortar or howitzer, to set fire to buldings, ships, etc.

Carcavelhos (n.) A sweet wine. See Calcavella.

Carcelage (n.) Prison fees.

Carcel lamp () A French mechanical lamp, for lighthouses, in which a superabundance of oil is pumped to the wick tube by clockwork.

Carceral (a.) Belonging to a prison.

Carcinological (a.) Of or pertaining to carcinology.

Carcinology (n.) The department of zoology which treats of the Crustacea (lobsters, crabs, etc.); -- called also malacostracology and crustaceology.

Carcinoma (n.) A cancer. By some medical writers, the term is applied to an indolent tumor. See Cancer.

Carcinomatous (a.) Of or pertaining to carcinoma.

Carcinosys (n.) The affection of the system with cancer.

Card (n.) A piece of pasteboard, or thick paper, blank or prepared for various uses; as, a playing card; a visiting card; a card of invitation; pl. a game played with cards.

Card (n.) A published note, containing a brief statement, explanation, request, expression of thanks, or the like; as, to put a card in the newspapers. Also, a printed programme, and (fig.), an attraction or inducement; as, this will be a good card for the last day of the fair.

Card (n.) A paper on which the points of the compass are marked; the dial or face of the mariner's compass.

Card (n.) A perforated pasteboard or sheet-metal plate for warp threads, making part of the Jacquard apparatus of a loom. See Jacquard.

Card (n.) An indicator card. See under Indicator.

Carded (imp. & p. p.) of Card

Carding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Card

Card (v. i.) To play at cards; to game.

Card (n.) An instrument for disentangling and arranging the fibers of cotton, wool, flax, etc.; or for cleaning and smoothing the hair of animals; -- usually consisting of bent wire teeth set closely in rows in a thick piece of leather fastened to a back.

Card (n.) A roll or sliver of fiber (as of wool) delivered from a carding machine.

Card (v. t.) To comb with a card; to cleanse or disentangle by carding; as, to card wool; to card a horse.

Card (v. t.) To clean or clear, as if by using a card.

Card (v. t.) To mix or mingle, as with an inferior or weaker article.

Cardamine (n.) A genus of cruciferous plants, containing the lady's-smock, cuckooflower, bitter cress, meadow cress, etc.

Cardamom (n.) The aromatic fruit, or capsule with its seeds, of several plants of the Ginger family growing in the East Indies and elsewhere, and much used as a condiment, and in medicine.

Cardamom (n.) A plant which produces cardamoms, esp. Elettaria Cardamomum and several species of Amomum.

Cardboard (n.) A stiff compact pasteboard of various qualities, for making cards, etc., often having a polished surface.

Cardcase (n.) A case for visiting cards.

Cardecu (n.) A quarter of a crown.

Carder (n.) One who, or that which cards wool flax, etc.

Cardia (n.) The heart.

Cardia (n.) The anterior or cardiac orifice of the stomach, where the esophagus enters it.

Cardiac (a.) Pertaining to, resembling, or hear the heart; as, the cardiac arteries; the cardiac, or left, end of the stomach.

Cardiac (a.) Exciting action in the heart, through the medium of the stomach; cordial; stimulant.

Cardiac (n.) A medicine which excites action in the stomach; a cardial.

Cardiacal (a.) Cardiac.

Cardiacle (n.) A pain about the heart.

Cardiagraph (n.) See Cardiograph.

Cardialgla (n.) Alt. of Cardialgy

Cardialgy (n.) A burning or gnawing pain, or feeling of distress, referred to the region of the heart, accompanied with cardiac palpitation; heartburn. It is usually a symptom of indigestion.

Cardigan jacket () A warm jacket of knit worsted with or without sleeves.

Cardinal (a.) Of fundamental importance; preeminent; superior; chief; principal.

Cardinal (a.) One of the ecclesiastical princes who constitute the pope's council, or the sacred college.

Cardinal (a.) A woman's short cloak with a hood.

Cardinal (a.) Mulled red wine.

Cardinalate (n.) The office, rank, or dignity of a cardinal.

Cardinalize (v. t.) To exalt to the office of a cardinal.

Cardinalship (n.) The condition, dignity, of office of a cardinal

Carding (a.) The act or process of preparing staple for spinning, etc., by carding it. See the Note under Card, v. t.

Carding (v. t.) A roll of wool or other fiber as it comes from the carding machine.

Cardiograph (n.) An instrument which, when placed in contact with the chest, will register graphically the comparative duration and intensity of the heart's movements.

Cardiographic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or produced by, a cardiograph.

Cardioid (n.) An algebraic curve, so called from its resemblance to a heart.

Cardioinhibitory (a.) Checking or arresting the heart's action.

Cardiolgy (n.) The science which treats of the heart and its functions.

Cardiometry (n.) Measurement of the heart, as by percussion or auscultation.

Cardiosphygmograph (n.) A combination of cardiograph and sphygmograph.

Carditis (n.) Inflammation of the fleshy or muscular substance of the heart. See Endocarditis and Pericarditis.

Cardines (pl. ) of Cardo

Cardo (n.) The basal joint of the maxilla in insects.

Cardo (n.) The hinge of a bivalve shell.

Cardol (n.) A yellow oily liquid, extracted from the shell of the cashew nut.

Cardoon (n.) A large herbaceous plant (Cynara Cardunculus) related to the artichoke; -- used in cookery and as a salad.

Care (n.) A burdensome sense of responsibility; trouble caused by onerous duties; anxiety; concern; solicitude.

Care (n.) Charge, oversight, or management, implying responsibility for safety and prosperity.

Care (n.) Attention or heed; caution; regard; heedfulness; watchfulness; as, take care; have a care.

Care (n.) The object of watchful attention or anxiety.

Cared (imp. & p. p.) of Care

Caring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Care

Care (n.) To be anxious or solicitous; to be concerned; to have regard or interest; -- sometimes followed by an objective of measure.

Careened (imp. & p. p.) of Careen

Careening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Careen

Careen (v. t.) To cause (a vessel) to lean over so that she floats on one side, leaving the other side out of water and accessible for repairs below the water line; to case to be off the keel.

Careen (v. i.) To incline to one side, or lie over, as a ship when sailing on a wind; to be off the keel.

Careenage (n.) Expense of careening ships.

Careenage (n.) A place for careening.

Career (n.) A race course: the ground run over.

Career (n.) A running; full speed; a rapid course.

Career (n.) General course of action or conduct in life, or in a particular part or calling in life, or in some special undertaking; usually applied to course or conduct which is of a public character; as, Washington's career as a soldier.

Career (n.) The flight of a hawk.

Careered (imp. & p. p.) of Career

Careering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Career

Career (v. i.) To move or run rapidly.

Careful (a.) Full of care; anxious; solicitous.

Careful (a.) Filling with care or solicitude; exposing to concern, anxiety, or trouble; painful.

Careful (a.) Taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautious; provident; not indifferent, heedless, or reckless; -- often followed by of, for, or the infinitive; as, careful of money; careful to do right.

Carefully (adv.) In a careful manner.

Carefulness (n.) Quality or state of being careful.

Careless (a.) Free from care or anxiety. hence, cheerful; light-hearted.

Careless (a.) Having no care; not taking ordinary or proper care; negligent; unconcerned; heedless; inattentive; unmindful; regardless.

Careless (a.) Without thought or purpose; without due care; without attention to rule or system; unstudied; inconsiderate; spontaneous; rash; as, a careless throw; a careless expression.

Careless (a.) Not receiving care; uncared for.

Carelessly (adv.) In a careless manner.

Carelessness (n.) The quality or state of being careless; heedlessness; negligenece; inattention.

Carene (n.) A fast of forty days on bread and water.

Caress (n.) An act of endearment; any act or expression of affection; an embracing, or touching, with tenderness.

Caressed (imp. & p. p.) of Caress

Caressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caress

Caress (n.) To treat with tokens of fondness, affection, or kindness; to touch or speak to in a loving or endearing manner; to fondle.

Caressingly (ad.) In caressing manner.

Caret (n.) A mark [^] used by writers and proof readers to indicate that something is interlined above, or inserted in the margin, which belongs in the place marked by the caret.

Caret (n.) The hawkbill turtle. See Hawkbill.

Caretuned (a.) Weary; mournful.

Careworn (a.) Worn or burdened with care; as, careworn look or face.

Carex (n.) A numerous and widely distributed genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the order Cypreaceae; the sedges.

Carf () pret. of Carve.

Cargason (n.) A cargo.

Cargoes (pl. ) of Cargo

Cargo (n.) The lading or freight of a ship or other vessel; the goods, merchandise, or whatever is conveyed in a vessel or boat; load; freight.

Cargoose (n.) A species of grebe (Podiceps crisratus); the crested grebe.

Cariama (n.) A large, long-legged South American bird (Dicholophus cristatus) which preys upon snakes, etc. See Seriema.

Caries (pl. ) of Carib

Carib (n.) A native of the Caribbee islands or the coasts of the Caribbean sea; esp., one of a tribe of Indians inhabiting a region of South America, north of the Amazon, and formerly most of the West India islands.

Caribbean (a.) Alt. of Caribbee

Caribbee (a.) Of or pertaining to the Caribs, to their islands (the eastern and southern West Indies), or to the sea (called the Caribbean sea) lying between those islands and Central America.

Caribbee (n.) A Carib.

Caribe (n.) A south American fresh water fish of the genus Serrasalmo of many species, remarkable for its voracity. When numerous they attack man or beast, often with fatal results.

Caribou (n.) The American reindeer, especially the common or woodland species (Rangifer Caribou).

Caricature (v. t.) An exaggeration, or distortion by exaggeration, of parts or characteristics, as in a picture.

Caricature (v. t.) A picture or other figure or description in which the peculiarities of a person or thing are so exaggerated as to appear ridiculous; a burlesque; a parody.

Caricatured (imp. & p. p.) of Caricature

Caricaturing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caricature

Caricature (v. t.) To make or draw a caricature of; to represent with ridiculous exaggeration; to burlesque.

Caricaturist (n.) One who caricatures.

Caricous (a.) Of the shape of a fig; as, a caricous tumor.

Caries (n.) Ulceration of bone; a process in which bone disintegrates and is carried away piecemeal, as distinguished from necrosis, in which it dies in masses.

Carillon (n.) A chime of bells diatonically tuned, played by clockwork or by finger keys.

Carillon (n.) A tune adapted to be played by musical bells.

Carina (n.) A keel

Carina (n.) That part of a papilionaceous flower, consisting of two petals, commonly united, which incloses the organs of fructification

Carina (n.) A longitudinal ridge or projection like the keel of a boat.

Carina (n.) The keel of the breastbone of birds.

Carinaria (n.) A genus of oceanic heteropod Mollusca, having a thin, glassy, bonnet-shaped shell, which covers only the nucleus and gills.

Carinatae (n. pl.) A grand division of birds, including all existing flying birds; -- So called from the carina or keel on the breastbone.

Carinate (a.) Alt. of Carinated

Carinated (a.) Shaped like the keel or prow of a ship; having a carina or keel; as, a carinate calyx or leaf; a carinate sternum (of a bird).

Cariole (n.) A small, light, open one-horse carriage

Cariole (n.) A covered cart

Cariole (n.) A kind of calash. See Carryall.

Cariopsis (n.) See Caryopsis.

Cariosity (n.) Caries.

Carious (a.) Affected with caries; decaying; as, a carious tooth.

Cark (n.) A noxious or corroding care; solicitude; worry.

Cark (v. i.) To be careful, anxious, solicitous, or troubles in mind; to worry or grieve.

Cark (v. t.) To vex; to worry; to make by anxious care or worry.

Carkanet (n.) A carcanet.

Carking (a.) Distressing; worrying; perplexing; corroding; as, carking cares.

Carl (n.) A rude, rustic man; a churl.

Carl (n.) Large stalks of hemp which bear the seed; -- called also carl hemp.

Carl (n.) A kind of food. See citation, below.

Carlin (n.) An old woman.

Carline (n.) Alt. of Caroline

Caroline (n.) A silver coin once current in some parts of Italy, worth about seven cents.

Carline (n.) Alt. of Carling

Carling (n.) A short timber running lengthwise of a ship, from one transverse desk beam to another; also, one of the cross timbers that strengthen a hath; -- usually in pl.

Carline thistle () A prickly plant of the genus Carlina (C. vulgaris), found in Europe and Asia.

Carlings (n. pl.) Same as Carl, 3.

Carlist (n.) A partisan of Charles X. of France, or of Don Carlos of Spain.

Carlock (n.) A sort of Russian isinglass, made from the air bladder of the sturgeon, and used in clarifying wine.

Carlot (n.) A churl; a boor; a peasant or countryman.

Carlovingian (a.) Pertaining to, founded by, of descended from, Charlemagne; as, the Carlovingian race of kings.

Carmagnole (n.) A popular or Red Rebublican song and dance, of the time of the first French Revolution.

Carmagnole (n.) A bombastic report from the French armies.

Carman (n.) A man whose employment is to drive, or to convey goods in, a car or car.

Carmelite (a.) Alt. of Carmelin

Carmelin (a.) Of or pertaining to the order of Carmelites.

Carmelite (n.) A friar of a mendicant order (the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel) established on Mount Carmel, in Syria, in the twelfth century; a White Friar.

Carmelite (n.) A nun of the Order of Our lady of Mount Carmel.

Carminated (a.) Of, relating to, or mixed with, carmine; as, carminated lake.

Carminative (a.) Expelling wind from the body; warming; antispasmodic.

Carminative (n.) A substance, esp. an aromatic, which tends to expel wind from the alimentary canal, or to relieve colic, griping, or flatulence.

Carmine (n.) A rich red or crimson color with a shade of purple.

Carmine (n.) A beautiful pigment, or a lake, of this color, prepared from cochineal, and used in miniature painting.

Carmine (n.) The essential coloring principle of cochineal, extracted as a purple-red amorphous mass. It is a glucoside and possesses acid properties; -- hence called also carminic acid.

Carminic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or derived from, carmine.

Carmot (n.) The matter of which the philosopher's stone was believed to be composed.

Carnage (n.) Flesh of slain animals or men.

Carnage (n.) Great destruction of life, as in battle; bloodshed; slaughter; massacre; murder; havoc.

Carnal (a.) Of or pertaining to the body or its appetites; animal; fleshly; sensual; given to sensual indulgence; lustful; human or worldly as opposed to spiritual.

Carnal (a.) Flesh-devouring; cruel; ravenous; bloody.

Carnalism (n.) The state of being carnal; carnality; sensualism.

Carnalist (n.) A sensualist.

Carnality (n.) The state of being carnal; fleshly lust, or the indulgence of lust; grossness of mind.

Carnalized (imp. & p. p.) of Carnalize

Carnalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carnalize

Carnalize (v. t.) To make carnal; to debase to carnality.

Carnallite (n.) A hydrous chloride of potassium and magnesium, sometimes found associated with deposits of rock salt.

Carnally (adv.) According to the flesh, to the world, or to human nature; in a manner to gratify animal appetites and lusts; sensually.

Carnal-minded (a.) Worldly-minded.

Carnal-mindedness (n.) Grossness of mind.

Carnary (n.) A vault or crypt in connection with a church, used as a repository for human bones disintered from their original burial places; a charnel house.

Carnassial (a.) Adapted to eating flesh.

Carnassial (n.) A carnassial tooth; especially, the last premolar in many carnivores.

Carnate (a.) Invested with, or embodied in, flesh.

Carnation (n.) The natural color of flesh; rosy pink.

Carnation (n.) Those parts of a picture in which the human body or any part of it is represented in full color; the flesh tints.

Carnation (n.) A species of Dianthus (D. Caryophyllus) or pink, having very beautiful flowers of various colors, esp. white and usually a rich, spicy scent.

Carnationed (a.) Having a flesh color.

Carnauba (n.) The Brazilian wax palm. See Wax palm.

Carnelian (n.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable of a good polish, and often used for seals.

Carneous (a.) Consisting of, or like, flesh; carnous; fleshy.

Carney (n.) A disease of horses, in which the mouth is so furred that the afflicted animal can not eat.

Carnifex (n.) The public executioner at Rome, who executed persons of the lowest rank; hence, an executioner or hangman.

Carnification (n.) The act or process of turning to flesh, or to a substance resembling flesh.

Carnify (v. i.) To form flesh; to become like flesh.

Carnin (n.) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance, found in extract of meat, and related to xanthin.

Carnival (n.) A festival celebrated with merriment and revelry in Roman Gatholic countries during the week before Lent, esp. at Rome and Naples, during a few days (three to ten) before Lent, ending with Shrove Tuesday.

Carnival (n.) Any merrymaking, feasting, or masquerading, especially when overstepping the bounds of decorum; a time of riotous excess.

Carnivora (n. pl.) An order of Mammallia including the lion, tiger, wolf bear, seal, etc. They are adapted by their structure to feed upon flesh, though some of them, as the bears, also eat vegetable food. The teeth are large and sharp, suitable for cutting flesh, and the jaws powerful.

Carnivoracity (n.) Greediness of appetite for flesh.

Carnivore (n.) One of the Carnivora.

Carnivorous (a.) Eating or feeding on flesh. The term is applied: (a) to animals which naturally seek flesh for food, as the tiger, dog, etc.; (b) to plants which are supposed to absorb animal food; (c) to substances which destroy animal tissue, as caustics.

Carnose (a.) Alt. of Carnous

Carnous (a.) Of or pertaining to flesh; fleshy.

Carnous (a.) Of a fleshy consistence; -- applied to succulent leaves, stems, etc.

Carnosity (n.) A fleshy excrescence; esp. a small excrescence or fungous growth.

Carnosity (n.) Fleshy substance or quality; fleshy covering.

Carob (n.) An evergreen leguminous tree (Ceratania Siliqua) found in the countries bordering the Mediterranean; the St. John's bread; -- called also carob tree.

Carob (n.) One of the long, sweet, succulent, pods of the carob tree, which are used as food for animals and sometimes eaten by man; -- called also St. John's bread, carob bean, and algaroba bean.

Caroche (n.) A kind of pleasure carriage; a coach.

Caroched (a.) Placed in a caroche.

Caroigne (n.) Dead body; carrion.

Carol (n.) A round dance.

Carol (n.) A song of joy, exultation, or mirth; a lay.

Carol (n.) A song of praise of devotion; as, a Christmas or Easter carol.

Carol (n.) Joyful music, as of a song.

Caroled (imp. & p. p.) of Carol

Carolled () of Carol

Caroling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carol

Carolling () of Carol

Carol (v. t.) To praise or celebrate in song.

Carol (v. t.) To sing, especially with joyful notes.

Carol (v. i.) To sing; esp. to sing joyfully; to warble.

Carol (n.) Alt. of Carrol

Carrol (n.) A small closet or inclosure built against a window on the inner side, to sit in for study. The word was used as late as the 16th century.

Carolin (n.) A former gold coin of Germany worth nearly five dollars; also, a gold coin of Sweden worth nearly five dollars.

Carolina pink () See Pinkboot.

Caroline (n.) A coin. See Carline.

Caroling (n.) A song of joy or devotion; a singing, as of carols.

Carolinian (n.) A native or inhabitant of north or South Carolina.

Carolitic (a.) Adorned with sculptured leaves and branches.

Caroluses (pl. ) of Carolus

Caroli (pl. ) of Carolus

Carolus (n.) An English gold coin of the value of twenty or twenty-three shillings. It was first struck in the reign of Charles I.

Carom (n.) A shot in which the ball struck with the cue comes in contact with two or more balls on the table; a hitting of two or more balls with the player's ball. In England it is called cannon.

Carom (v. i.) To make a carom.

Caromel (n.) See Caramel.

Caroteel (n.) A tierce or cask for dried fruits, etc., usually about 700 lbs.

Carotic (a.) Of or pertaining to stupor; as, a carotic state.

Carotic (a.) Carotid; as, the carotic arteries.

Carotid (n.) One of the two main arteries of the neck, by which blood is conveyed from the aorta to the head. [See Illust. of Aorta.]

Carotid (a.) Alt. of Carotidal

Carotidal (a.) Pertaining to, or near, the carotids or one of them; as, the carotid gland.

Carotin (n.) A red crystallizable tasteless substance, extracted from the carrot.

Carousal (n.) A jovial feast or festival; a drunken revel; a carouse.

Carouse (n.) A large draught of liquor.

Carouse (n.) A drinking match; a carousal.

Caroused (imp. & p. p.) of Carouse

Carousing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carouse

Carouse (v. i.) To drink deeply or freely in compliment; to take part in a carousal; to engage in drunken revels.

Carouse (v. t.) To drink up; to drain; to drink freely or jovially.

Carouser (n.) One who carouses; a reveler.

Carousing (a.) That carouses; relating to a carouse.

Carousingly (adv.) In the manner of a carouser.

Carped (imp. & p. p.) of Carp

Carping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carp

Carp (v. i.) To talk; to speak; to prattle.

Carp (v. i.) To find fault; to cavil; to censure words or actions without reason or ill-naturedly; -- usually followed by at.

Carp (v. t.) To say; to tell.

Carp (v. t.) To find fault with; to censure.

Carp (pl. ) of Carp

Carps (pl. ) of Carp

Carp (n.) A fresh-water herbivorous fish (Cyprinus carpio.). Several other species of Cyprinus, Catla, and Carassius are called carp. See Cruclan carp.

Carpal (a.) Of or pertaining to the carpus, or wrist.

Carpal (n.) One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; a carpale.

Carpalia (pl. ) of Carpale

Carpale (n.) One of the bones or cartilages of the carpus; esp. one of the series articulating with the metacarpals.

Carpathian (a.) Of or pertaining to a range of mountains in Austro-Hungary, called the Carpathians, which partially inclose Hungary on the north, east, and south.

Carpel (n.) Alt. of Carpellum

Carpellum (n.) A simple pistil or single-celled ovary or seed vessel, or one of the parts of a compound pistil, ovary, or seed vessel. See Illust of Carpaphore.

Carpellary (a.) Belonging to, forming, or containing carpels.

Carpenter (n.) An artificer who works in timber; a framer and builder of houses, ships, etc.

Carpentering (n.) The occupation or work of a carpenter; the act of working in timber; carpentry.

Carpentry (n.) The art of cutting, framing, and joining timber, as in the construction of buildings.

Carpentry (n.) An assemblage of pieces of timber connected by being framed together, as the pieces of a roof, floor, etc.; work done by a carpenter.

Carper (n.) One who carps; a caviler.

Carpet (n.) A heavy woven or felted fabric, usually of wool, but also of cotton, hemp, straw, etc.; esp. a floor covering made in breadths to be sewed together and nailed to the floor, as distinguished from a rug or mat; originally, also, a wrought cover for tables.

Carpet (n.) A smooth soft covering resembling or suggesting a carpet.

Carpeted (imp. & p. p.) of Carpet

Carpeting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carpet

Carpet (v. t.) To cover with, or as with, a carpet; to spread with carpets; to furnish with a carpet or carpets.

Carpetbag (n.) A portable bag for travelers; -- so called because originally made of carpet.

Carpetbagger (n.) An adventurer; -- a term of contempt for a Northern man seeking private gain or political advancement in the southern part of the United States after the Civil War (1865).

Carpeting (n.) The act of covering with carpets.

Carpeting (n.) Cloth or materials for carpets; carpets, in general.

Carpetless (a.) Without a carpet.

Carpetmonger (n.) One who deals in carpets; a buyer and seller of carpets.

Carpetmonger (n.) One fond of pleasure; a gallant.

Carpetway (n.) A border of greensward left round the margin of a plowed field.

Carphology (n.) See Floccillation.

Carping (a.) Fault-finding; censorious caviling. See Captious.

Carpintero (n.) A california woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus), noted for its habit of inserting acorns in holes which it drills in trees. The acorns become infested by insect larvae, which, when grown, are extracted for food by the bird.

Carpogenic (a.) Productive of fruit, or causing fruit to be developed.

Carpolite (n.) A general term for a fossil fruit, nut, or seed.

Carpological (a.) Of or pertaining to carpology.

Carpologist (n.) One who describes fruits; one versed in carpology.

Carpology (n.) That branch of botany which relates to the structure of seeds and fruit.

Carpophagous (a.) Living on fruits; fruit-consuming.

Carpophore (n.) A slender prolongation of the receptacle as an axis between the carpels, as in Geranium and many umbelliferous plants.

Carpophyll (n.) A leaf converted into a fruit or a constituent portion of a fruit; a carpel. [See Illust. of Gymnospermous.]

Carpophyte (n.) A flowerless plant which forms a true fruit as the result of fertilization, as the red seaweeds, the Ascomycetes, etc.

Carpospore (n.) A kind of spore formed in the conceptacles of red algae.

Carpi (pl. ) of Carpus

Carpus (n.) The wrist; the bones or cartilages between the forearm, or antibrachium, and the hand or forefoot; in man, consisting of eight short bones disposed in two rows.

Carrack (n.) See Carack.

Carrageen (n.) Alt. of Carrigeen

Carrigeen (n.) A small, purplish, branching, cartilaginous seaweed (Chondrus crispus), which, when bleached, is the Irish moss of commerce.

Carrancha (n.) The Brazilian kite (Polyborus Brasiliensis); -- so called in imitation of its notes.

Carraway (n.) See Caraway.

Carrel (n.) See Quarrel, an arrow.

Carrel (n.) Same as 4th Carol.

Carriable (a.) Capable of being carried.

Carriage (n.) That which is carried; burden; baggage.

Carriage (n.) The act of carrying, transporting, or conveying.

Carriage (n.) The price or expense of carrying.

Carriage (n.) That which carries of conveys,

Carriage (n.) A wheeled vehicle for persons, esp. one designed for elegance and comfort.

Carriage (n.) A wheeled vehicle carrying a fixed burden, as a gun carriage.

Carriage (n.) A part of a machine which moves and carries of supports some other moving object or part.

Carriage (n.) A frame or cage in which something is carried or supported; as, a bell carriage.

Carriage (n.) The manner of carrying one's self; behavior; bearing; deportment; personal manners.

Carriage (n.) The act or manner of conducting measures or projects; management.

Carriageable (a.) Passable by carriages; that can be conveyed in carriages.

Carriboo (n.) See Caribou.

Carrick (n.) A carack. See Carack.

Carrier (n.) One who, or that which, carries or conveys; a messenger.

Carrier (n.) One who is employed, or makes it his business, to carry goods for others for hire; a porter; a teamster.

Carrier (n.) That which drives or carries; as: (a) A piece which communicates to an object in a lathe the motion of the face plate; a lathe dog. (b) A spool holder or bobbin holder in a braiding machine. (c) A movable piece in magazine guns which transfers the cartridge to a position from which it can be thrust into the barrel.

Carrion (n.) The dead and putrefying body or flesh of an animal; flesh so corrupted as to be unfit for food.

Carrion (n.) A contemptible or worthless person; -- a term of reproach.

Carrion (a.) Of or pertaining to dead and putrefying carcasses; feeding on carrion.

Carrol (n.) See 4th Carol.

Carrom (n.) See Carom.

Carronade (n.) A kind of short cannon, formerly in use, designed to throw a large projectile with small velocity, used for the purpose of breaking or smashing in, rather than piercing, the object aimed at, as the side of a ship. It has no trunnions, but is supported on its carriage by a bolt passing through a loop on its under side.

Carron oil () A lotion of linseed oil and lime water, used as an application to burns and scalds; -- first used at the Carron iron works in Scotland.

Carrot (n.) An umbelliferous biennial plant (Daucus Carota), of many varieties.

Carrot (n.) The esculent root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color.

Carroty (a.) Like a carrot in color or in taste; -- an epithet given to reddish yellow hair, etc.

Carrow (n.) A strolling gamester.

Carried (imp. & p. p.) of Carry

Carrying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carry

Carry (v. t.) To convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; to bear; -- often with away or off.

Carry (v. t.) To have or hold as a burden, while moving from place to place; to have upon or about one's person; to bear; as, to carry a wound; to carry an unborn child.

Carry (v. t.) To move; to convey by force; to impel; to conduct; to lead or guide.

Carry (v. t.) To transfer from one place (as a country, book, or column) to another; as, to carry the war from Greece into Asia; to carry an account to the ledger; to carry a number in adding figures.

Carry (v. t.) To convey by extension or continuance; to extend; as, to carry the chimney through the roof; to carry a road ten miles farther.

Carry (v. t.) To bear or uphold successfully through conflict, as a leader or principle; hence, to succeed in, as in a contest; to bring to a successful issue; to win; as, to carry an election.

Carry (v. t.) To get possession of by force; to capture.

Carry (v. t.) To contain; to comprise; to bear the aspect of ; to show or exhibit; to imply.

Carry (v. t.) To bear (one's self); to behave, to conduct or demean; -- with the reflexive pronouns.

Carry (v. t.) To bear the charges or burden of holding or having, as stocks, merchandise, etc., from one time to another; as, a merchant is carrying a large stock; a farm carries a mortgage; a broker carries stock for a customer; to carry a life insurance.

Carry (v. i.) To act as a bearer; to convey anything; as, to fetch and carry.

Carry (v. i.) To have propulsive power; to propel; as, a gun or mortar carries well.

Carry (v. i.) To hold the head; -- said of a horse; as, to carry well i. e., to hold the head high, with arching neck.

Carry (v. i.) To have earth or frost stick to the feet when running, as a hare.

Carries (pl. ) of Carry

Carry (n.) A tract of land, over which boats or goods are carried between two bodies of navigable water; a carrying place; a portage.

Carryall (n.) A light covered carriage, having four wheels and seats for four or more persons, usually drawn by one horse.

Carrying (n.) The act or business of transporting from one place to another.

Carryk (n.) A carack.

Carrytale (n.) A talebearer.

Carse (n.) Low, fertile land; a river valley.

Cart (n.) A common name for various kinds of vehicles, as a Scythian dwelling on wheels, or a chariot.

Cart (n.) A two-wheeled vehicle for the ordinary purposes of husbandry, or for transporting bulky and heavy articles.

Cart (n.) A light business wagon used by bakers, grocerymen, butchers, etc.

Cart (n.) An open two-wheeled pleasure carriage.

Carted (imp. & p. p.) of Cart

Carting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cart

Cart (v. t.) To carry or convey in a cart.

Cart (v. t.) To expose in a cart by way of punishment.

Cart (v. i.) To carry burdens in a cart; to follow the business of a carter.

Cartage (n.) The act of carrying in a cart.

Cartage (n.) The price paid for carting.

Cartbote (n.) Wood to which a tenant is entitled for making and repairing carts and other instruments of husbandry.

Carte (n.) Bill of fare.

Carte (n.) Short for Carte de visite.

Carte (n.) Alt. of Quarte

Quarte (n.) A position in thrusting or parrying, with the inside of the hand turned upward and the point of the weapon toward the adversary's right breast.

Carte blanche () A blank paper, with a person's signature, etc., at the bottom, given to another person, with permission to superscribe what conditions he pleases. Hence: Unconditional terms; unlimited authority.

Cartes de visite (pl. ) of Carte de visite

Carte de visite () A visiting card.

Carte de visite () A photographic picture of the size formerly in use for a visiting card.

Cartel (n.) An agreement between belligerents for the exchange of prisoners.

Cartel (n.) A letter of defiance or challenge; a challenge to single combat.

Cartel (v. t.) To defy or challenge.

Carter (n.) A charioteer.

Carter (n.) A man who drives a cart; a teamster.

Carter (n.) Any species of Phalangium; -- also called harvestman

Carter (n.) A British fish; the whiff.

Cartesian (a.) Of or pertaining to the French philosopher Rene Descartes, or his philosophy.

Cartesian (n.) An adherent of Descartes.

Cartesianism (n.) The philosophy of Descartes.

Carthaginian (a.) Of a pertaining to ancient Carthage, a city of northern Africa.

Carthaginian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Carthage.

Carthamin (n.) A red coloring matter obtained from the safflower, or Carthamus tinctorius.

Carthusian (n.) A member of an exceeding austere religious order, founded at Chartreuse in France by St. Bruno, in the year 1086.

Carthusian (a.) Pertaining to the Carthusian.

Cartilage (n.) A translucent, elastic tissue; gristle.

Cartilagineous (a.) See Cartilaginous.

Cartilaginification (n.) The act or process of forming cartilage.

Cartilaginous (a.) Of or pertaining to cartilage; gristly; firm and tough like cartilage.

Cartilaginous (a.) Having the skeleton in the state of cartilage, the bones containing little or no calcareous matter; said of certain fishes, as the sturgeon and the sharks.

Cartman (n.) One who drives or uses a cart; a teamster; a carter.

Cartographer (n.) One who makes charts or maps.

Cartographic (a.) Alt. of Cartographical

Cartographical (a.) Of or pertaining to cartography.

Cartographically (adv.) By cartography.

Cartography (n.) The art or business of forming charts or maps.

Cartomancy (n.) The art of telling fortunes with cards.

Carton (n.) Pasteboard for paper boxes; also, a pasteboard box.

Cartoon (n.) A design or study drawn of the full size, to serve as a model for transferring or copying; -- used in the making of mosaics, tapestries, fresco pantings and the like; as, the cartoons of Raphael.

Cartoon (n.) A large pictorial sketch, as in a journal or magazine; esp. a pictorial caricature; as, the cartoons of "Puck."

Cartoonist (n.) One skilled in drawing cartoons.

Cartouches (pl. ) of Cartouch

Cartouch (n.) A roll or case of paper, etc., holding a charge for a firearm; a cartridge

Cartouch (n.) A cartridge box.

Cartouch (n.) A wooden case filled with balls, to be shot from a cannon.

Cartouch (n.) A gunner's bag for ammunition

Cartouch (n.) A military pass for a soldier on furlough.

Cartouch (n.) A cantalever, console, corbel, or modillion, which has the form of a scroll of paper

Cartouch (n.) A tablet for ornament, or for receiving an inscription, formed like a sheet of paper with the edges rolled up; hence, any tablet of ornamental form.

Cartouch (n.) An oval figure on monuments, and in papyri, containing the name of a sovereign.

Cartridge (n.) A complete charge for a firearm, contained in, or held together by, a case, capsule, or shell of metal, pasteboard, or other material.

Cartularies (pl. ) of Cartulary

Cartulary (n.) A register, or record, as of a monastery or church.

Cartulary (n.) An ecclesiastical officer who had charge of records or other public papers.

Cartway (n.) A way or road for carts.

Cartwright (n.) An artificer who makes carts; a cart maker.

Carucage (n.) A tax on every plow or plowland.

Carucage (n.) The act of plowing.

Carucate (n.) A plowland; as much land as one team can plow in a year and a day; -- by some said to be about 100 acres.

Caruncle (n.) Alt. of Caruncula

Caruncula (n.) A small fleshy prominence or excrescence; especially the small, reddish body, the caruncula lacrymalis, in the inner angle of the eye.

Caruncula (n.) An excrescence or appendage surrounding or near the hilum of a seed.

Caruncula (n.) A naked, flesh appendage, on the head of a bird, as the wattles of a turkey, etc.

Caruncular (a.) Alt. of Carunculous

Carunculous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or like, a caruncle; furnished with caruncles.

Carunculate (a.) Alt. of Carunculated

Carunculated (a.) Having a caruncle or caruncles; caruncular.

Carus (n.) Coma with complete insensibility; deep lethargy.

Carvacrol (n.) A thick oily liquid, C10H13.OH, of a strong taste and disagreeable odor, obtained from oil of caraway (Carum carui).

Carved (imp. & p. p.) of Carve

Carving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Carve

Carve (v. t.) To cut.

Carve (v. t.) To cut, as wood, stone, or other material, in an artistic or decorative manner; to sculpture; to engrave.

Carve (v. t.) To make or shape by cutting, sculpturing, or engraving; to form; as, to carve a name on a tree.

Carve (v. t.) To cut into small pieces or slices, as meat at table; to divide for distribution or apportionment; to apportion.

Carve (v. t.) To cut: to hew; to mark as if by cutting.

Carve (v. t.) To take or make, as by cutting; to provide.

Carve (v. t.) To lay out; to contrive; to design; to plan.

Carve (v. i.) To exercise the trade of a sculptor or carver; to engrave or cut figures.

Carve (v. i.) To cut up meat; as, to carve for all the guests.

Carve (n.) A carucate.

Carvel (n.) Same as Caravel.

Carvel (n.) A species of jellyfish; sea blubber.

Carvelbuilt (a.) Having the planks meet flush at the seams, instead of lapping as in a clinker-built vessel.

Carven (a.) Wrought by carving; ornamented by carvings; carved.

Carvene (n.) An oily substance, C10H16, extracted from oil caraway.

Carver (n.) One who carves; one who shapes or fashions by carving, or as by carving; esp. one who carves decorative forms, architectural adornments, etc.

Carver (n.) One who carves or divides meat at table.

Carver (n.) A large knife for carving.

Carving (n.) The act or art of one who carves.

Carving (n.) A piece of decorative work cut in stone, wood, or other material.

Carving (n.) The whole body of decorative sculpture of any kind or epoch, or in any material; as, the Italian carving of the 15th century.

Carvist (n.) A hawk which is of proper age and training to be carried on the hand; a hawk in its first year.

Carvol (n.) One of a species of aromatic oils, resembling carvacrol.

Car wheel () A flanged wheel of a railway car or truck.

Caryatic (a.) Alt. of Caryatid

Caryatid (a.) Of or pertaining to a caryatid.

Caryatids (pl. ) of Caryatid

Caryatid (n.) A draped female figure supporting an entablature, in the place of a column or pilaster.

Caryatides (n. pl.) Caryatids.

Caryophyllaceous (a.) Having corollas of five petals with long claws inclosed in a tubular, calyx, as the pink

Caryophyllaceous (a.) Belonging to the family of which the pink and the carnation are the types.

Caryophyllin (n.) A tasteless and odorless crystalline substance, extracted from cloves, polymeric with common camphor.

Caryophyllous (a.) Caryophyllaceous.

Caryopses (pl. ) of Caryopsis

Caryopsis (n.) A one-celled, dry, indehiscent fruit, with a thin membranous pericarp, adhering closely to the seed, so that fruit and seed are incorporated in one body, forming a single grain, as of wheat, barley, etc.

Casal (a.) Of or pertaining to case; as, a casal ending.

Cascabel (n.) The projection in rear of the breech of a cannon, usually a knob or breeching loop connected with the gun by a neck. In old writers it included all in rear of the base ring. [See Illust. of Cannon.]

Cascade (n.) A fall of water over a precipice, as in a river or brook; a waterfall less than a cataract.

Cascade (v. i.) To fall in a cascade.

Cascade (v. i.) To vomit.

Cascalho (n.) A deposit of pebbles, gravel, and ferruginous sand, in which the Brazilian diamond is usually found.

Cascara sagrada () Holy bark; the bark of the California buckthorn (Rhamnus Purshianus), used as a mild cathartic or laxative.

Cascarilla (n.) A euphorbiaceous West Indian shrub (Croton Eleutheria); also, its aromatic bark.

Cascarillin (n.) A white, crystallizable, bitter substance extracted from oil of cascarilla.

Case (n.) A box, sheath, or covering; as, a case for holding goods; a case for spectacles; the case of a watch; the case (capsule) of a cartridge; a case (cover) for a book.

Case (n.) A box and its contents; the quantity contained in a box; as, a case of goods; a case of instruments.

Case (n.) A shallow tray divided into compartments or "boxes" for holding type.

Case (n.) An inclosing frame; a casing; as, a door case; a window case.

Case (n.) A small fissure which admits water to the workings.

Cased (imp. & p. p.) of Case

Casing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Case

Case (v. t.) To cover or protect with, or as with, a case; to inclose.

Case (v. t.) To strip the skin from; as, to case a box.

Case (n.) Chance; accident; hap; opportunity.

Case (n.) That which befalls, comes, or happens; an event; an instance; a circumstance, or all the circumstances; condition; state of things; affair; as, a strange case; a case of injustice; the case of the Indian tribes.

Case (n.) A patient under treatment; an instance of sickness or injury; as, ten cases of fever; also, the history of a disease or injury.

Case (n.) The matters of fact or conditions involved in a suit, as distinguished from the questions of law; a suit or action at law; a cause.

Case (n.) One of the forms, or the inflections or changes of form, of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, which indicate its relation to other words, and in the aggregate constitute its declension; the relation which a noun or pronoun sustains to some other word.

Case (v. i.) To propose hypothetical cases.

Caseation (n.) A degeneration of animal tissue into a cheesy or curdy mass.

Case-bay (n.) The space between two principals or girders

Case-bay (n.) One of the joists framed between a pair of girders in naked flooring.

Caseharden (v. t.) To subject to a process which converts the surface of iron into steel.

Caseharden (v. t.) To render insensible to good influences.

Casehardened (a.) Having the surface hardened, as iron tools.

Casehardened (a.) Hardened against, or insusceptible to, good influences; rendered callous by persistence in wrongdoing or resistance of good influences; -- said of persons.

Casehardening (n.) The act or process of converting the surface of iron into steel.

Caseic (a.) Of or pertaining to cheese; as, caseic acid.

Casein (n.) A proteid substance present in both the animal and the vegetable kingdom. In the animal kingdom it is chiefly found in milk, and constitutes the main part of the curd separated by rennet; in the vegetable kingdom it is found more or less abundantly in the seeds of leguminous plants. Its reactions resemble those of alkali albumin.

Case knife () A knife carried in a sheath or case.

Case knife () A large table knife; -- so called from being formerly kept in a case.

Casemate (n.) A bombproof chamber, usually of masonry, in which cannon may be placed, to be fired through embrasures; or one capable of being used as a magazine, or for quartering troops.

Casemate (n.) A hollow molding, chiefly in cornices.

Casemated (a.) Furnished with, protected by, or built like, a casemate.

Casement (n.) A window sash opening on hinges affixed to the upright side of the frame into which it is fitted. (Poetically) A window.

Casemented (a.) Having a casement or casements.

Caseous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, cheese; having the qualities of cheese; cheesy.

Casern (n.) A lodging for soldiers in garrison towns, usually near the rampart; barracks.

Case shot () A collection of small projectiles, inclosed in a case or canister.

Caseum (n.) Same as Casein.

Caseworm (n.) A worm or grub that makes for itself a case. See Caddice.

Cash (n.) A place where money is kept, or where it is deposited and paid out; a money box.

Cash (n.) Ready money; especially, coin or specie; but also applied to bank notes, drafts, bonds, or any paper easily convertible into money

Cash (n.) Immediate or prompt payment in current funds; as, to sell goods for cash; to make a reduction in price for cash.

Cashed (imp. & p. p.) of Cash

Casing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cash

Cash (v. t.) To pay, or to receive, cash for; to exchange for money; as, cash a note or an order.

Cash (v. t.) To disband.

Cash (n.sing & pl.) A Chinese coin.

Cashbook (n.) A book in which is kept a register of money received or paid out.

Cashew (n.) A tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the same family which the sumac. It is native in tropical America, but is now naturalized in all tropical countries. Its fruit, a kidney-shaped nut, grows at the extremity of an edible, pear-shaped hypocarp, about three inches long.

Cashier (n.) One who has charge of money; a cash keeper; the officer who has charge of the payments and receipts (moneys, checks, notes), of a bank or a mercantile company.

Cahiered (imp. & p. p.) of Cashier

Cashiering (p. pr. &vb. n.) of Cashier

Cashier (v. t.) To dismiss or discard; to discharge; to dismiss with ignominy from military service or from an office or place of trust.

Cashier (v. t.) To put away or reject; to disregard.

Cashierer (n.) One who rejects, discards, or dismisses; as, a cashierer of monarchs.

Cashmere (n.) A rich stuff for shawls, scarfs, etc., originally made in Cashmere from the soft wool found beneath the hair of the goats of Cashmere, Thibet, and the Himalayas. Some cashmere, of fine quality, is richly embroidered for sale to Europeans.

Cashmere (n.) A dress fabric made of fine wool, or of fine wool and cotton, in imitation of the original cashmere.

Cashmerette (n.) A kind of dress goods, made with a soft and glossy surface like cashmere.

Cashoo (n.) See Catechu.

Casing (n.) The act or process of inclosing in, or covering with, a case or thin substance, as plaster, boards, etc.

Casing (n.) An outside covering, for protection or ornament, or to precent the radiation of heat.

Casing (n.) An inclosing frame; esp. the framework around a door or a window. See Case, n., 4.

Casings (n. pl.) Dried dung of cattle used as fuel.

Casinos (pl. ) of Casino

Casini (pl. ) of Casino

Casino (n.) A small country house.

Casino (n.) A building or room used for meetings, or public amusements, for dancing, gaming, etc.

Casino (n.) A game at cards. See Cassino.

Cask (n.) Same as Casque.

Cask (n.) A barrel-shaped vessel made of staves headings, and hoops, usually fitted together so as to hold liquids. It may be larger or smaller than a barrel.

Cask (n.) The quantity contained in a cask.

Cask (n.) A casket; a small box for jewels.

Cask (v. t.) To put into a cask.

Casket (n.) A small chest or box, esp. of rich material or ornamental character, as for jewels, etc.

Casket (n.) A kind of burial case.

Casket (n.) Anything containing or intended to contain something highly esteemed

Casket (n.) The body.

Casket (n.) The tomb.

Casket (n.) A book of selections.

Casket (n.) A gasket. See Gasket.

Casket (v. t.) To put into, or preserve in, a casket.

Casque (n.) A piece of defensive or ornamental armor (with or without a vizor) for the head and neck; a helmet.

Cass (v. t.) To render useless or void; to annul; to reject; to send away.

Cassada (n.) See Cassava.

Cassareep (n.) A condiment made from the sap of the bitter cassava (Manihot utilissima) deprived of its poisonous qualities, concentrated by boiling, and flavored with aromatics. See Pepper pot.

Cassate (v. t.) To render void or useless; to vacate or annul.

Cassation (n.) The act of annulling.

Cassava (n.) A shrubby euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, with fleshy rootstocks yielding an edible starch; -- called also manioc.

Cassava (n.) A nutritious starch obtained from the rootstocks of the cassava plant, used as food and in making tapioca.

Casse Paper () Broken paper; the outside quires of a ream.

Casserole (n.) A small round dish with a handle, usually of porcelain.

Casserole (n.) A mold (in the shape of a hollow vessel or incasement) of boiled rice, mashed potato or paste, baked, and afterwards filled with vegetables or meat.

Cassia (n.) A genus of leguminous plants (herbs, shrubs, or trees) of many species, most of which have purgative qualities. The leaves of several species furnish the senna used in medicine.

Cassia (n.) The bark of several species of Cinnamomum grown in China, etc.; Chinese cinnamon. It is imported as cassia, but commonly sold as cinnamon, from which it differs more or less in strength and flavor, and the amount of outer bark attached.

Cassican (n.) An American bird of the genus Cassicus, allied to the starlings and orioles, remarkable for its skillfully constructed and suspended nest; the crested oriole. The name is also sometimes given to the piping crow, an Australian bird.

Cassideous (a.) Helmet-shaped; -- applied to a corolla having a broad, helmet-shaped upper petal, as in aconite.

Cassidony (n.) The French lavender (Lavandula Stoechas)

Cassidony (n.) The goldilocks (Chrysocoma Linosyris) and perhaps other plants related to the genus Gnaphalium or cudweed.

Cassimere (n.) A thin, twilled, woolen cloth, used for men's garments.

Cassinette (n.) A cloth with a cotton warp, and a woof of very fine wool, or wool and silk.

Cassinian ovals () See under Oval.

Cassino (n.) A game at cards, played by two or more persons, usually for twenty-one points.

Cassioberry (n.) The fruit of the Viburnum obovatum, a shrub which grows from Virginia to Florida.

Cassiopeia (n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, situated between Cepheus and Perseus; -- so called in honor of the wife of Cepheus, a fabulous king of Ethiopia.

Cassiterite (n.) Native tin dioxide; tin stone; a mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals of reddish brown color, and brilliant adamantine luster; also massive, sometimes in compact forms with concentric fibrous structure resembling wood (wood tin), also in rolled fragments or pebbly (Stream tin). It is the chief source of metallic tin. See Black tin, under Black.

Cassius (n.) A brownish purple pigment, obtained by the action of some compounds of tin upon certain salts of gold. It is used in painting and staining porcelain and glass to give a beautiful purple color. Commonly called Purple of Cassius.

Cassock (n.) A long outer garment formerly worn by men and women, as well as by soldiers as part of their uniform.

Cassock (n.) A garment resembling a long frock coat worn by the clergy of certain churches when officiating, and by others as the usually outer garment.

Cassocked (a.) Clothed with a cassock.

Cassolette (n.) a box, or vase, with a perforated cover to emit perfumes.

Cassonade (n.) Raw sugar; sugar not refined.

Cassowaries (pl. ) of Cassowary

Cassowary (n.) A large bird, of the genus Casuarius, found in the east Indies. It is smaller and stouter than the ostrich. Its head is armed with a kind of helmet of horny substance, consisting of plates overlapping each other, and it has a group of long sharp spines on each wing which are used as defensive organs. It is a shy bird, and runs with great rapidity. Other species inhabit New Guinea, Australia, etc.

Cassumunar (n.) Alt. of Cassumuniar

Cassumuniar (n.) A pungent, bitter, aromatic, gingerlike root, obtained from the East Indies.

Cast (imp. & p. p.) of Cast

Casting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cast

Cast (v. t.) To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.

Cast (v. t.) To direct or turn, as the eyes.

Cast (v. t.) To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.

Cast (v. t.) To throw down, as in wrestling.

Cast (v. t.) To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.

Cast (v. t.) To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

Cast (v. t.) To bring forth prematurely; to slink.

Cast (v. t.) To throw out or emit; to exhale.

Cast (v. t.) To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.

Cast (v. t.) To impose; to bestow; to rest.

Cast (v. t.) To dismiss; to discard; to cashier.

Cast (v. t.) To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope.

Cast (v. t.) To contrive; to plan.

Cast (v. t.) To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.

Cast (v. t.) To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.

Cast (v. t.) To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.

Cast (v. t.) To stereotype or electrotype.

Cast (v. t.) To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.

Cast (v. i.) To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.

Cast (v. i.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.

Cast (v. i.) To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.

Cast (v. i.) To calculate; to compute.

Cast (v. i.) To receive form or shape in a mold.

Cast (v. i.) To warp; to become twisted out of shape.

Cast (v. i.) To vomit.

Cast () 3d pres. of Cast, for Casteth.

Cast (n.) The act of casting or throwing; a throw.

Cast (n.) The thing thrown.

Cast (n.) The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown.

Cast (n.) A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.

Cast (n.) That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.

Cast (n.) The act of casting in a mold.

Cast (n.) An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.

Cast (n.) That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.

Cast (n.) Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance.

Cast (n.) A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.

Cast (n.) A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift.

Cast (n.) The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.

Cast (n.) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand.

Cast (n.) A stoke, touch, or trick.

Cast (n.) A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.

Cast (n.) A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.

Cast (n.) Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.

Cast (n.) Contrivance; plot, design.

Castalian (a.) Of or pertaining to Castalia, a mythical fountain of inspiration on Mt. Parnassus sacred to the Muses.

Castanea (n.) A genus of nut-bearing trees or shrubs including the chestnut and chinquapin.

Castanet (n.) See Castanets.

Castanets (n. pl.) Two small, concave shells of ivory or hard wood, shaped like spoons, fastened to the thumb, and beaten together with the middle finger; -- used by the Spaniards and Moors as an accompaniment to their dance and guitars.

Castaway (n.) One who, or that which, is cast away or shipwrecked.

Castaway (n.) One who is ruined; one who has made moral shipwreck; a reprobate.

Castaway (a.) Of no value; rejected; useless.

Caste (n.) One of the hereditary classes into which the Hindoos are divided according to the laws of Brahmanism.

Caste (n.) A separate and fixed order or class of persons in society who chiefly hold intercourse among themselves.

Castellan (n.) A governor or warden of a castle.

Castellanies (pl. ) of Castellany

Castellany (n.) The lordship of a castle; the extent of land and jurisdiction appertaining to a castle.

Castellated (a.) Inclosed within a building; as, a fountain or cistern castellated.

Castellated (a.) Furnished with turrets and battlements, like a castle; built in the style of a castle.

Castellation (n.) The act of making into a castle.

Caster (n.) One who casts; as, caster of stones, etc. ; a caster of cannon; a caster of accounts.

Caster (n.) A vial, cruet, or other small vessel, used to contain condiments at the table; as, a set of casters.

Caster (n.) A stand to hold a set of cruets.

Caster (n.) A small wheel on a swivel, on which furniture is supported and moved.

Castigated (imp. & p. p.) of Castigate

Castigating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Castigate

Castigate (v. t.) To punish by stripes; to chastise by blows; to chasten; also, to chastise verbally; to reprove; to criticise severely.

Castigate (v. t.) To emend; to correct.

Castigation (n.) Corrective punishment; chastisement; reproof; pungent criticism.

Castigation (n.) Emendation; correction.

Castigator (n.) One who castigates or corrects.

Castigatory (a.) Punitive in order to amendment; corrective.

Castigatory (n.) An instrument formerly used to punish and correct arrant scolds; -- called also a ducking stool, or trebucket.

Castile soap () A kind of fine, hard, white or mottled soap, made with olive oil and soda; also, a soap made in imitation of the above-described soap.

Castilian (n.) An inhabitant or native of Castile, in Spain.

Castilian (n.) The Spanish language as spoken in Castile.

Castillan (a.) Of or pertaining to Castile, in Spain.

Casting (n.) The act of one who casts or throws, as in fishing.

Casting (n.) The act or process of making casts or impressions, or of shaping metal or plaster in a mold; the act or the process of pouring molten metal into a mold.

Casting (n.) That which is cast in a mold; esp. the mass of metal so cast; as, a casting in iron; bronze casting.

Casting (n.) The warping of a board.

Casting (n.) The act of casting off, or that which is cast off, as skin, feathers, excrement, etc.

Cast iron () Highly carbonized iron, the direct product of the blast furnace; -- used for making castings, and for conversion into wrought iron and steel. It can not be welded or forged, is brittle, and sometimes very hard. Besides carbon, it contains sulphur, phosphorus, silica, etc.

Cast-iron (a.) Made of cast iron. Hence, Fig.: like cast iron; hardy; unyielding.

Castle (n.) A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress.

Castle (n.) Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion.

Castle (n.) A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back.

Castle (n.) A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook.

Castled (imp. & p. p.) of Castle

Castling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Castle

Castle (v. i.) To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king.

Castlebuilder (n.) Fig.: one who builds castles in the air or forms visionary schemes.

Castled (a.) Having a castle or castles; supporting a castle; as, a castled height or crag.

Castled (a.) Fortified; turreted; as, castled walls.

Castle-guard (n.) The guard or defense of a castle.

Castle-guard (n.) A tax or imposition an a dwelling within a certain distance of a castle, for the purpose of maintaining watch and ward in it; castle-ward.

Castle-guard (n.) A feudal tenure, obliging the tenant to perform service within the realm, without limitation of time.

Castlery (n.) The government of a castle.

Castlet (n.) A small castle.

Castleward (n.) Same as Castleguard.

Castling (n.) That which is cast or brought forth prematurely; an abortion.

Castling (n.) A compound move of the king and castle. See Castle, v. i.

Cast-off (a.) Cast or laid aside; as, cast-off clothes.

Castor (n.) A genus of rodents, including the beaver. See Beaver.

Castor (n.) Castoreum. See Castoreum.

Castor (n.) A hat, esp. one made of beaver fur; a beaver.

Castor (n.) A heavy quality of broadcloth for overcoats.

Castor (n.) See Caster, a small wheel.

Castor (n.) the northernmost of the two bright stars in the constellation Gemini, the other being Pollux.

Castor (n.) Alt. of Castorite

Castorite (n.) A variety of the mineral called petalite, from Elba.

Castor and Pollux () See Saint Elmo's fire, under Saint.

Castor bean () The bean or seed of the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis, or Palma Christi.)

Castoreum (n.) A peculiar bitter orange-brown substance, with strong, penetrating odor, found in two sacs between the anus and external genitals of the beaver; castor; -- used in medicine as an antispasmodic, and by perfumers.

Castorin (n.) A white crystalline substance obtained from castoreum.

Castor oil () A mild cathartic oil, expressed or extracted from the seeds of the Ricinus communis, or Palma Christi. When fresh the oil is inodorous and insipid.

Castrametation (n.) The art or act of encamping; the making or laying out of a camp.

Castrated (imp. & p. p.) of Castrate

Castrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Castrate

Castrate (v. t.) To deprive of the testicles; to emasculate; to geld; to alter.

Castrate (v. t.) To cut or take out; esp. to remove anything erroneous, or objectionable from, as the obscene parts of a writing; to expurgate.

Castration (n.) The act of castrating.

Castrato (n.) A male person castrated for the purpose of improving his voice for singing; an artificial, or male, soprano.

Castrel (n.) See Kestrel.

Castrensial (a.) Belonging to a camp.

Castrensian (a.) Castrensial.

Cast steel () See Cast steel, under Steel.

Casual (a.) Happening or coming to pass without design, and without being foreseen or expected; accidental; fortuitous; coming by chance.

Casual (a.) Coming without regularity; occasional; incidental; as, casual expenses.

Casual (n.) One who receives relief for a night in a parish to which he does not belong; a vagrant.

Casualism (n.) The doctrine that all things exist or are controlled by chance.

Casualist (n.) One who believes in casualism.

Casually (adv.) Without design; accidentally; fortuitously; by chance; occasionally.

Casualness (n.) The quality of being casual.

Casualties (pl. ) of Casualty

Casualty (n.) That which comes without design or without being foreseen; contingency.

Casualty (n.) Any injury of the body from accident; hence, death, or other misfortune, occasioned by an accident; as, an unhappy casualty.

Casualty (n.) Numerical loss caused by death, wounds, discharge, or desertion.

Casuarina (n.) A genus of leafless trees or shrubs, with drooping branchlets of a rushlike appearance, mostly natives of Australia. Some of them are large, producing hard and heavy timber of excellent quality, called beefwood from its color.

Casuist (n.) One who is skilled in, or given to, casuistry.

Casuist (v. i.) To play the casuist.

Casuistic (a.) Alt. of Casuistieal

Casuistieal (a.) Of or pertaining to casuists or casuistry.

Casuistry (a.) The science or doctrine of dealing with cases of conscience, of resolving questions of right or wrong in conduct, or determining the lawfulness or unlawfulness of what a man may do by rules and principles drawn from the Scriptures, from the laws of society or the church, or from equity and natural reason; the application of general moral rules to particular cases.

Casuistry (a.) Sophistical, equivocal, or false reasoning or teaching in regard to duties, obligations, and morals.

Casus (n.) An event; an occurrence; an occasion; a combination of circumstances; a case; an act of God. See the Note under Accident.

Cat (n.) An animal of various species of the genera Felis and Lynx. The domestic cat is Felis domestica. The European wild cat (Felis catus) is much larger than the domestic cat. In the United States the name wild cat is commonly applied to the bay lynx (Lynx rufus) See Wild cat, and Tiger cat.

Cat (n.) A strong vessel with a narrow stern, projecting quarters, and deep waist. It is employed in the coal and timber trade.

Cat (n.) A strong tackle used to draw an anchor up to the cathead of a ship.

Cat (n.) A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.), having six feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever position in is placed.

Cat (n.) An old game; (a) The game of tipcat and the implement with which it is played. See Tipcat. (c) A game of ball, called, according to the number of batters, one old cat, two old cat, etc.

Cat (n.) A cat o' nine tails. See below.

tted (imp. & p. p.) of Cat

Catting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cat

Cat (v. t.) To bring to the cathead; as, to cat an anchor. See Anchor.

Cata () The Latin and English form of a Greek preposition, used as a prefix to signify down, downward, under, against, contrary or opposed to, wholly, completely; as in cataclysm, catarrh. It sometimes drops the final vowel, as in catoptric; and is sometimes changed to cath, as in cathartic, catholic.

Catabaptist (n.) One who opposes baptism, especially of infants.

Catabasion (n.) A vault under altar of a Greek church.

Catabiotic (a.) See under Force.

Catacaustic (a.) Relating to, or having the properties of, a caustic curve formed by reflection. See Caustic, a.

Catacaustic (n.) A caustic curve formed by reflection of light.

Catachresis (n.) A figure by which one word is wrongly put for another, or by which a word is wrested from its true signification; as, "To take arms against a sea of troubles". Shak. "Her voice was but the shadow of a sound." Young.

Catachrestic (a.) Alt. of Catachrestical

Catachrestical (a.) Belonging to, or in the manner of, a catachresis; wrested from its natural sense or form; forced; far-fetched.

Cataclysm (n.) An extensive overflow or sweeping flood of water; a deluge.

Cataclysm (n.) Any violent catastrophe, involving sudden and extensive changes of the earth's surface.

Cataclysmal (a.) Alt. of Cataclysmic

Cataclysmic (a.) Of or pertaining to a cataclysm.

Cataclysmist (n.) One who believes that the most important geological phenomena have been produced by cataclysms.

Catacomb (n.) A cave, grotto, or subterraneous place of large extent used for the burial of the dead; -- commonly in the plural.

Catacoustic (n.) That part of acoustics which treats of reflected sounds or echoes See Acoustics.

Catadioptric (a.) Alt. of Catadioptrical

Catadioptrical (a.) Pertaining to, produced by, or involving, both the reflection and refraction of light; as, a catadioptric light.

Catadioptrics (n.) The science which treats of catadioptric phenomena, or of the used of catadioptric instruments.

Catadrome (n.) A race course.

Catadrome (n.) A machine for raising or lowering heavy weights.

Catadromous (a.) Having the lowest inferior segment of a pinna nearer the rachis than the lowest superior one; -- said of a mode of branching in ferns, and opposed to anadromous.

Catadromous (a.) Living in fresh water, and going to the sea to spawn; -- opposed to anadromous, and said of the eel.

Catafalco (n.) See Catafalque.

Catafalque (n.) A temporary structure sometimes used in the funeral solemnities of eminent persons, for the public exhibition of the remains, or their conveyance to the place of burial.

Catagmatic (a.) Having the quality of consolidating broken bones.

Cataian (n.) A native of Cathay or China; a foreigner; -- formerly a term of reproach.

Catalan (a.) Of or pertaining to Catalonia.

Catalan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Catalonia; also, the language of Catalonia.

Catalectic (a.) Wanting a syllable at the end, or terminating in an imperfect foot; as, a catalectic verse.

Catalectic (a.) Incomplete; partial; not affecting the whole of a substance.

Catalepsy (n.) Alt. of Catalepsis

Catalepsis (n.) A sudden suspension of sensation and volition, the body and limbs preserving the position that may be given them, while the action of the heart and lungs continues.

Cataleptic (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, catalepsy; affected with catalepsy; as, a cataleptic fit.

Catallacta (n. pl.) A division of Protozoa, of which Magosphaera is the type. They exist both in a myxopod state, with branched pseudopodia, and in the form of ciliated bodies united in free, spherical colonies.

Catallactics (n.) The science of exchanges, a branch of political economy.

Catalog (n. & v.) Catalogue.

Catalogize (v. t.) To insert in a catalogue; to register; to catalogue.

Catalogue (n.) A list or enumeration of names, or articles arranged methodically, often in alphabetical order; as, a catalogue of the students of a college, or of books, or of the stars.

Catalogued (imp. & p. p.) of Catalogue

Cataloguing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Catalogue

Catalogue (v. t.) To make a list or catalogue; to insert in a catalogue.

Cataloguer (n.) A maker of catalogues; esp. one skilled in the making of catalogues.

Catalpa (n.) A genus of American and East Indian trees, of which the best know species are the Catalpa bignonioides, a large, ornamental North American tree, with spotted white flowers and long cylindrical pods, and the C. speciosa, of the Mississipi valley; -- called also Indian bean.

Catalyse (pl. ) of Catalysis

Catalysis (n.) Dissolution; degeneration; decay.

Catalysis (n.) A process by which reaction occurs in the presence of certain agents which were formerly believed to exert an influence by mere contact. It is now believed that such reactions are attended with the formation of an intermediate compound or compounds, so that by alternate composition and decomposition the agent is apparenty left unchanged; as, the catalysis of making ether from alcohol by means of sulphuric acid; or catalysis in the action of soluble ferments (as diastase, or ptyalin) on starch.

Catalysis (n.) The catalytic force.

Catalytic (a.) Relating to, or causing, catalysis.

Catalytic (n.) An agent employed in catalysis, as platinum black, aluminium chloride, etc.

Catamaran (n.) A kind of raft or float, consisting of two or more logs or pieces of wood lashed together, and moved by paddles or sail; -- used as a surf boat and for other purposes on the coasts of the East and West Indies and South America. Modified forms are much used in the lumber regions of North America, and at life-saving stations.

Catamaran (n.) Any vessel with twin hulls, whether propelled by sails or by steam; esp., one of a class of double-hulled pleasure boats remarkable for speed.

Catamaran (n.) A kind of fire raft or torpedo bat.

Catamaran (n.) A quarrelsome woman; a scold.

Catamenia (n. pl.) The monthly courses of women; menstrual discharges; menses.

Catamenial (a.) Pertaining to the catamenia, or menstrual discharges.

Catamite (n.) A boy kept for unnatural purposes.

Catamount (n.) The cougar. Applied also, in some parts of the United States, to the lynx.

Catanadromous (a.) Ascending and descending fresh streams from and to the sea, as the salmon; anadromous.

Catapasm (n.) A compound medicinal powder, used by the ancients to sprinkle on ulcers, to absorb perspiration, etc.

Catapeltic (a.) Of or pertaining to a catapult.

Catapetalous (a.) Having the petals held together by stamens, which grow to their bases, as in the mallow.

Cataphonic (a.) Of or relating to cataphonics; catacoustic.

Cataphonics (n.) That branch of acoustics which treats of reflected sounds; catacoustics.

Cataphract (n.) Defensive armor used for the whole body and often for the horse, also, esp. the linked mail or scale armor of some eastern nations.

Cataphract (n.) A horseman covered with a cataphract.

Cataphract (n.) The armor or plate covering some fishes.

Cataphracted (a.) Covered with a cataphract, or armor of plates, scales, etc.; or with that which corresponds to this, as horny or bony plates, hard, callous skin, etc.

Cataphractic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a cataphract.

Cataphysical (a.) Unnatural; contrary to nature.

Cataplasm (n.) A soft and moist substance applied externally to some part of the body; a poultice.

Catapuce (n.) Spurge.

Catapult (n.) An engine somewhat resembling a massive crossbow, used by the ancient Greeks and Romans for throwing stones, arrows, spears, etc.

Catapult (n.) A forked stick with elastic band for throwing small stones, etc.

Cataract (n.) A great fall of water over a precipice; a large waterfall.

Cataract (n.) An opacity of the crystalline lens, or of its capsule, which prevents the passage of the rays of light and impairs or destroys the sight.

Cataract (n.) A kind of hydraulic brake for regulating the action of pumping engines and other machines; -- sometimes called dashpot.

Cataractous (a.) Of the nature of a cataract in the eye; affected with cataract.

Catarrh (n.) An inflammatory affection of any mucous membrane, in which there are congestion, swelling, and an altertion in the quantity and quality of mucus secreted; as, catarrh of the stomach; catarrh of the bladder.

Catarrhal (a.) Pertaining to, produced by, or attending, catarrh; of the nature of catarrh.

Catarrhine (n.) One of the Catarrhina, a division of Quadrumana, including the Old World monkeys and apes which have the nostrils close together and turned downward. See Monkey.

Catarrhous (a.) Catarrhal.

Catastaltic (a.) Checking evacuations through astringent or styptic qualities.

Catastasis (n.) That part of a speech, usually the exordium, in which the orator sets forth the subject matter to be discussed.

Catastasis (n.) The state, or condition of anything; constitution; habit of body.

Catasterism (n.) A placing among the stars; a catalogue of stars.

Catastrophe (n.) An event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.

Catastrophe (n.) The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.

Catastrophe (n.) A violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes.

Catastrophic (a.) Of a pertaining to a catastrophe.

Catastrophism (n.) The doctrine that the geological changes in the earth's crust have been caused by the sudden action of violent physical causes; -- opposed to the doctrine of uniformism.

Catastrophist (n.) One who holds the theory or catastrophism.

Catawba (n.) A well known light red variety of American grape.

Catawba (n.) A light-colored, sprightly American wine from the Catawba grape.

Catawbas (n. pl.) An Appalachian tribe of Indians which originally inhabited the regions near the Catawba river and the head waters of the Santee.

Catbird (n.) An American bird (Galeoscoptes Carolinensis), allied to the mocking bird, and like it capable of imitating the notes of other birds, but less perfectly. Its note resembles at times the mewing of a cat.

Catboat (n.) A small sailboat, with a single mast placed as far forward as possible, carring a sail extended by a gaff and long boom. See Illustration in Appendix.

Catcall (n.) A sound like the cry of a cat, such as is made in playhouses to express dissatisfaction with a play; also, a small shrill instrument for making such a noise.

Caught (imp. & p. p.) of Catch

Catched () of Catch

Catching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Catch

Catch (v. t.) To lay hold on; to seize, especially with the hand; to grasp (anything) in motion, with the effect of holding; as, to catch a ball.

Catch (v. t.) To seize after pursuing; to arrest; as, to catch a thief.

Catch (v. t.) To take captive, as in a snare or net, or on a hook; as, to catch a bird or fish.

Catch (v. t.) Hence: To insnare; to entangle.

Catch (v. t.) To seize with the senses or the mind; to apprehend; as, to catch a melody.

Catch (v. t.) To communicate to; to fasten upon; as, the fire caught the adjoining building.

Catch (v. t.) To engage and attach; to please; to charm.

Catch (v. t.) To get possession of; to attain.

Catch (v. t.) To take or receive; esp. to take by sympathy, contagion, infection, or exposure; as, to catch the spirit of an occasion; to catch the measles or smallpox; to catch cold; the house caught fire.

Catch (v. t.) To come upon unexpectedly or by surprise; to find; as, to catch one in the act of stealing.

Catch (v. t.) To reach in time; to come up with; as, to catch a train.

Catch (v. i.) To attain possession.

Catch (v. i.) To be held or impeded by entanglement or a light obstruction; as, a kite catches in a tree; a door catches so as not to open.

Catch (v. i.) To take hold; as, the bolt does not catch.

Catch (v. i.) To spread by, or as by, infecting; to communicate.

Catch (n.) Act of seizing; a grasp.

Catch (n.) That by which anything is caught or temporarily fastened; as, the catch of a gate.

Catch (n.) The posture of seizing; a state of preparation to lay hold of, or of watching he opportunity to seize; as, to lie on the catch.

Catch (n.) That which is caught or taken; profit; gain; especially, the whole quantity caught or taken at one time; as, a good catch of fish.

Catch (n.) Something desirable to be caught, esp. a husband or wife in matrimony.

Catch (n.) Passing opportunities seized; snatches.

Catch (n.) A slight remembrance; a trace.

Catch (n.) A humorous canon or round, so contrived that the singers catch up each other's words.

Catchable (a.) Capable of being caught.

Catch-basin (n.) A cistern or vault at the point where a street gutter discharges into a sewer, to catch bulky matters which would not pass readily through the sewer.

Catchdrain (n.) A ditch or drain along the side of a hill to catch the surface water; also, a ditch at the side of a canal to catch the surplus water.

Catcher (n.) One who, or that which, catches.

Catcher (n.) The player who stands behind the batsman to catch the ball.

Catchfly (n.) A plant with the joints of the stem, and sometimes other parts, covered with a viscid secretion to which small insects adhere. The species of Silene are examples of the catchfly.

Catching (a.) Infectious; contagious.

Catching (a.) Captivating; alluring.

Catching (n.) The act of seizing or taking hold of.

Catch-meadow (n.) A meadow irrigated by water from a spring or rivulet on the side of hill.

Catchment (n.) A surface of ground on which water may be caught and collected into a reservoir.

Catchpenny (a.) Made or contrived for getting small sums of money from the ignorant or unwary; as, a catchpenny book; a catchpenny show.

Catchpenny (n.) Some worthless catchpenny thing.

Catchpoll (n.) A bailiff's assistant.

Catchup (n.) Alt. of Catsup

Catsup (n.) A table sauce made from mushrooms, tomatoes, walnuts, etc.

Catchwater (n.) A ditch or drain for catching water. See Catchdrain.

Catchweed (n.) See Cleavers.

Catchweight (adv.) Without any additional weight; without being handicapped; as, to ride catchweight.

Catchword (n.) Among theatrical performers, the last word of the preceding speaker, which reminds one that he is to speak next; cue.

Catchword (n.) The first word of any page of a book after the first, inserted at the right hand bottom corner of the preceding page for the assistance of the reader. It is seldom used in modern printing.

Catchword (n.) A word or phrase caught up and repeated for effect; as, the catchword of a political party, etc.

Catchwork (n.) A work or artificial water-course for throwing water on lands that lie on the slopes of hills; a catchdrain.

Cate (n.) Food. [Obs.] See Cates.

Catechetic (a.) Alt. of Catechetical

Catechetical (a.) Relating to or consisting in, asking questions and receiving answers, according to the ancient manner of teaching.

Catechetically (adv.) In a catechetical manner; by question and answer.

Catechetics (n.) The science or practice of instructing by questions and answers.

Catechin (n.) One of the tannic acids, extracted from catechu as a white, crystalline substance; -- called also catechuic acid, and catechuin.

Catechisation (n.) The act of catechising.

Catechised (imp. & p. p.) of Catechise

Catechising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Catechise

Catechise (v. t.) To instruct by asking questions, receiving answers, and offering explanations and corrections, -- esp. in regard to points of religious faith.

Catechise (v. t.) To question or interrogate; to examine or try by questions; -- sometimes with a view to reproof, by eliciting from a person answers which condemn his own conduct.

Catechiser (n.) One who catechises.

Catechism (n.) A form of instruction by means of questions and answers.

Catechism (n.) A book containing a summary of principles, especially of religious doctrine, reduced to the form of questions and answers.

Catechismal (a.) Of or pertaining to a catechism, having the form of questions and answers; catechetical.

Catechist (n.) One who instructs by question and answer, especially in religions matters.

Catechistic (a.) Alt. of Catechistical

Catechistical (a.) Of or pertaining to a catechist or to a catechism.

Catechize (v. t.) See Catechise.

Catechu (n.) A dry, brown, astringent extract, obtained by decoction and evaporation from the Acacia catechu, and several other plants growing in India. It contains a large portion of tannin or tannic acid, and is used in medicine and in the arts. It is also known by the names terra japonica, cutch, gambier, etc.

Catechuic (a.) Of or pertaining to catechu or its derivatives. See catechin.

Catechumen (L. catechunenus, Gr. / instructed, from /. See) One who is receiving rudimentary instruction in the doctrines of Christianity; a neophyte; in the primitive church, one officially recognized as a Christian, and admitted to instruction preliminary to admission to full membership in the church.

Catechumenate (n.) The state or condition of a catechumen or the time during which one is a catechumen.

Catechumenical (a.) Of or pertaining to catechumens; as, catechumenical instructions.

Catechumenist (n.) A catechumen.

Categorematic (a.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; -- said of a word.

Categorical (a.) Of or pertaining to a category.

Categorical (a.) Not hypothetical or relative; admitting no conditions or exceptions; declarative; absolute; positive; express; as, a categorical proposition, or answer.

Categorically (adv.) Absolutely; directly; expressly; positively; as, to affirm categorically.

Categoricalness (n.) The quality of being categorical, positive, or absolute.

Categorist (n.) One who inserts in a category or list; one who classifies.

Categorize (v. t.) To insert in a category or list; to class; to catalogue.

Categories (pl. ) of Category

Category (n.) One of the highest classes to which the objects of knowledge or thought can be reduced, and by which they can be arranged in a system; an ultimate or undecomposable conception; a predicament.

Category (n.) Class; also, state, condition, or predicament; as, we are both in the same category.

Catel (n.) Property; -- often used by Chaucer in contrast with rent, or income.

Catelectrode (n.) The negative electrode or pole of a voltaic battery.

Catelectrotonic (a.) Relating to, or characterized by, catelectrotonus.

Catelectrotonus (n.) The condition of increased irritability of a nerve in the region of the cathode or negative electrode, on the passage of a current of electricity through it.

Catene (pl. ) of Catena

Catena (n.) A chain or series of things connected with each other.

Catenary (a.) Alt. of Catenarian

Catenarian (a.) Relating to a chain; like a chain; as, a catenary curve.

Catenary (n.) The curve formed by a rope or chain of uniform density and perfect flexibility, hanging freely between two points of suspension, not in the same vertical line.

Catenated (imp. & p. p.) of Catenate

Catenating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Catenate

Catenate (v. t.) To connect, in a series of links or ties; to chain.

Catenation (n.) Connection of links or union of parts, as in a chain; a regular or connected series. See Concatenation.

Catenulate (a.) Consisting of little links or chains.

Catenulate (a.) Chainlike; -- said both or color marks and of indentations when arranged like the links of a chain, as on shells, etc.

Cater (n.) A provider; a purveyor; a caterer.

Catered (imp. & p. p.) of Cater

Catering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cater

Cater (n.) To provide food; to buy, procure, or prepare provisions.

Cater (n.) By extension: To supply what is needed or desired, at theatrical or musical entertainments; -- followed by for or to.

Cater (n.) The four of cards or dice.

Cater (v. t.) To cut diagonally.

Cateran (n.) A Highland robber: a kind of irregular soldier.

Cater-cornered (a.) Diagonal.

Cater-cousin (n.) A remote relation. See Quater-cousin.

Caterer (n.) One who caters.

Cateress (n.) A woman who caters.

Caterpillar (n.) The larval state of a butterfly or any lepidopterous insect; sometimes, but less commonly, the larval state of other insects, as the sawflies, which are also called false caterpillars. The true caterpillars have three pairs of true legs, and several pairs of abdominal fleshy legs (prolegs) armed with hooks. Some are hairy, others naked. They usually feed on leaves, fruit, and succulent vegetables, being often very destructive, Many of them are popularly called worms, as the cutworm, cankerworm, army worm, cotton worm, silkworm.

Caterpillar (n.) A plant of the genus Scorpiurus, with pods resembling caterpillars.

Caterwauled (imp. & p. p.) of Caterwaul

Caterwauling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caterwaul

Caterwaul (v. i.) To cry as cats in rutting time; to make a harsh, offensive noise.

Caterwaul (n.) A caterwauling.

Caterwauling (n.) The cry of cats; a harsh, disagreeable noise or cry like the cry of cats.

Catery (n.) The place where provisions are deposited.

Cates (n.) Provisions; food; viands; especially, luxurious food; delicacies; dainties.

Cat-eyed (a.) Having eyes like a cat; hence, able to see in the dark.

Catfall (n.) A rope used in hoisting the anchor to the cathead.

Catfish (n.) A name given in the United States to various species of siluroid fishes; as, the yellow cat (Amiurus natalis); the bind cat (Gronias nigrilabrus); the mud cat (Pilodictic oilwaris), the stone cat (Noturus flavus); the sea cat (Arius felis), etc. This name is also sometimes applied to the wolf fish. See Bullhrad.

Catgut (n.) A cord of great toughness made from the intestines of animals, esp. of sheep, used for strings of musical instruments, etc.

Catgut (n.) A sort of linen or canvas, with wide interstices.

Catharine wheel () See catherine wheel.

Catharist (n.) One aiming at or pretending to a greater purity of like than others about him; -- applied to persons of various sects. See Albigenses.

Cat-harpin (n.) See Cat-harping.

Cat-harping (n.) One of the short ropes or iron cramps used to brace in the shrouds toward the masts so a to give freer sweep to the yards.

Catharsis (n.) A natural or artificial purgation of any passage, as of the mouth, bowels, etc.

Cathartic (a.) Alt. of Catharical

Catharical (a.) Cleansing the bowels; promoting evacuations by stool; purgative.

Catharical (a.) Of or pertaining to the purgative principle of senna, as cathartic acid.

Cathartic (n.) A medicine that promotes alvine discharges; a purge; a purgative of moderate activity.

Cathartin (n.) The bitter, purgative principle of senna. It is a glucoside with the properties of a weak acid; -- called also cathartic acid, and cathartina.

Cathay (n.) China; -- an old name for the Celestial Empire, said have been introduced by Marco Polo and to be a corruption of the Tartar name for North China (Khitai, the country of the Khitans.)

Cathead (n.) A projecting piece of timber or iron near the bow of vessel, to which the anchor is hoisted and secured.

Cathedra (n.) The official chair or throne of a bishop, or of any person in high authority.

Cathedral (n.) The principal church in a diocese, so called because in it the bishop has his official chair (Cathedra) or throne.

Cathedral (a.) Pertaining to the head church of a diocese; as, a cathedral church; cathedral service.

Cathedral (a.) Emanating from the chair of office, as of a pope or bishop; official; authoritative.

Cathedral (a.) Resembling the aisles of a cathedral; as, cathedral walks.

Cathedralic (a.) Cathedral.

Cathedrated (a.) Relating to the chair or office of a teacher.

Catheretic (n.) A mild kind caustic used to reduce warts and other excrescences.

Catherine wheel () Same as Rose window and Wheel window. Called also Catherine-wheel window.

Catherine wheel () A revolving piece of fireworks resembling in form the window of the same name.

Catheter (n.) The name of various instruments for passing along mucous canals, esp. applied to a tubular instrument to be introduced into the bladder through the urethra to draw off the urine.

Catheterism (n.) Alt. of Catheterization

Catheterization (n.) The operation of introducing a catheter.

Catheterized (imp. & p. p.) of Catheterize

Catheterizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Catheterize

Catheterize (v. t.) To operate on with a catheter.

Cathetometer (n.) An instrument for the accurate measurement of small differences of height; esp. of the differences in the height of the upper surfaces of two columns of mercury or other fluid, or of the same column at different times. It consists of a telescopic leveling apparatus (d), which slides up or down a perpendicular metallic standard very finely graduated (bb). The telescope is raised or depressed in order to sight the objects or surfaces, and the differences in vertical height are thus shown on the graduated standard.

Catheti (pl. ) of Cathetus

Cathetus (n.) One line or radius falling perpendicularly on another; as, the catheti of a right-angled triangle, that is, the two sides that include the right angle.

Cathode (n.) The part of a voltaic battery by which the electric current leaves substances through which it passes, or the surface at which the electric current passes out of the electrolyte; the negative pole; -- opposed to anode.

Cathodic (a.) A term applied to the centrifugal, or efferent, course of the nervous influence.

Cat-hole (n.) One of two small holes astern, above the gunroom ports, through which hawsers may be passed.

Catholic (a.) Universal or general; as, the catholic faith.

Catholic (a.) Not narrow-minded, partial, or bigoted; liberal; as, catholic tastes.

Catholic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or affecting the Roman Catholics; as, the Catholic emancipation act.

Catholic (n.) A person who accepts the creeds which are received in common by all parts of the orthodox Christian church.

Catholic (n.) An adherent of the Roman Catholic church; a Roman Catholic.

Catholical (a.) Catholic.

Catholicism (n.) The state or quality of being catholic or universal; catholicity.

Catholicism (n.) Liberality of sentiment; breadth of view.

Catholicism (n.) The faith of the whole orthodox Christian church, or adherence thereto.

Catholicism (n.) The doctrines or faith of the Roman Catholic church, or adherence thereto.

Catholicity (n.) The state or quality of being catholic; universality.

Catholicity (n.) Liberality of sentiments; catholicism.

Catholicity (n.) Adherence or conformity to the system of doctrine held by all parts of the orthodox Christian church; the doctrine so held; orthodoxy.

Catholicity (n.) Adherence to the doctrines of the church of Rome, or the doctrines themselves.

Catholicize (v. t. & i.) To make or to become catholic or Roman Catholic.

Catholicly (adv.) In a catholic manner; generally; universally.

Catholicness (n.) The quality of being catholic; universality; catholicity.

Catholicon (n.) A remedy for all diseases; a panacea.

Catholicos (n.) The spiritual head of the Armenian church, who resides at Etchmiadzin, Russia, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over, and consecrates the holy oil for, the Armenians of Russia, Turkey, and Persia, including the Patriarchs of Constantinople, Jerusalem, and Sis.

Catilinarian (a.) Pertaining to Catiline, the Roman conspirator; resembling Catiline's conspiracy.

Cation (n.) An electro-positive substance, which in electro-decomposition is evolved at the cathode; -- opposed to anion.

Catkin (n.) An ament; a species of inflorescence, consisting of a slender axis with many unisexual apetalous flowers along its sides, as in the willow and poplar, and (as to the staminate flowers) in the chestnut, oak, hickory, etc. -- so called from its resemblance to a cat's tail. See Illust. of Ament.

Catlike (a.) Like a cat; stealthily; noiselessly.

Catling (n.) A little cat; a kitten.

Catling (n.) Catgut; a catgut string.

Catling (n.) A double-edged, sharp-pointed dismembering knife.

Catlinite (n.) A red clay from the Upper Missouri region, used by the Indians for their pipes.

Catnip (n.) Alt. of Catmint

Catmint (n.) A well-know plant of the genus Nepeta (N. Cataria), somewhat like mint, having a string scent, and sometimes used in medicine. It is so called because cats have a peculiar fondness for it.

Cato-cathartic (n.) A remedy that purges by alvine discharges.

Catonian (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the stern old Roman, Cato the Censor; severe; inflexible.

Cat o' nine tails () See under Cat.

Catopter (n.) Alt. of Catoptron

Catoptron (n.) A reflecting optical glass or instrument; a mirror.

Catoptric (a.) Alt. of Catoptrical

Catoptrical (a.) Of or pertaining to catoptrics; produced by reflection.

Catoptrics (n.) That part of optics which explains the properties and phenomena of reflected light, and particularly that which is reflected from mirrors or polished bodies; -- formerly called anacamptics.

Catoptromancy (n.) A species of divination, which was performed by letting down a mirror into water, for a sick person to look at his face in it. If his countenance appeared distorted and ghastly, it was an ill omen; if fresh and healthy, it was favorable.

Catopron (n.) See Catopter.

Catpipe (n.) See Catcall.

Cat-rigged (a.) Rigged like a catboat.

Cat-salt (n.) A sort of salt, finely granulated, formed out of the bittern or leach brine.

Cat's-eye (n.) A variety of quartz or chalcedony, exhibiting opalescent reflections from within, like the eye of a cat. The name is given to other gems affording like effects, esp. the chrysoberyl.

Cat's-foot (n.) A plant (Nepeta Glechoma) of the same genus with catnip; ground ivy.

Cat-silver (n.) Mica.

Catskill period () The closing subdivision of the Devonian age in America. The rocks of this period are well developed in the Catskill mountains, and extend south and west under the Carboniferous formation. See the Diagram under Geology.

Catsos (pl. ) of Catso

Catso (n.) A base fellow; a rogue; a cheat.

Cat's-paw (n.) A light transitory air which ruffles the surface of the water during a calm, or the ripples made by such a puff of air.

Cat's-paw (n.) A particular hitch or turn in the bight of a rope, into which a tackle may be hooked.

Cat's-paw (n.) A dupe; a tool; one who, or that which, is used by another as an instrument to a accomplish his purposes.

Cat's-tail (n.) See Timothy, Cat-tail, Cirrus.

Catstick (n.) A stick or club employed in the game of ball called cat or tipcat.

Catstitch (v. t.) To fold and sew down the edge of with a coarse zigzag stitch.

Catsup (n.) Same as Catchup, and Ketchup.

Cat-tail (n.) A tall rush or flag (Typha latifolia) growing in marshes, with long, flat leaves, and having its flowers in a close cylindrical spike at the top of the stem. The leaves are frequently used for seating chairs, making mats, etc. See Catkin.

Cattish (a.) Catlike; feline

Cattle (n. pl.) Quadrupeds of the Bovine family; sometimes, also, including all domestic quadrupeds, as sheep, goats, horses, mules, asses, and swine.

Catty (n.) An East Indian Weight of 1 1/3 pounds.

Caucasian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Caucasus, a mountainous region between the Black and Caspian seas.

Caucasian (a.) Of or pertaining to the white races of mankind, of whom the people about Mount Caucasus were formerly taken as the type.

Caucasian (n.) A native or inhabitant of the Caucasus, esp. a Circassian or Georgian.

Caucasian (n.) A member of any of the white races of mankind.

Caucus (n.) A meeting, especially a preliminary meeting, of persons belonging to a party, to nominate candidates for public office, or to select delegates to a nominating convention, or to confer regarding measures of party policy; a political primary meeting.

Caucused (imp. & p. p.) of Caucus

Caucusing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caucus

Caucus (v. i.) To hold, or meet in, a caucus or caucuses.

Caudad (adv.) Backwards; toward the tail or posterior part.

Cauda galli () A plume-shaped fossil, supposed to be a seaweed, characteristic of the lower Devonian rocks; as, the cauda galli grit.

Caudal (a.) Of the nature of, or pertaining to, a tail; having a tail-like appendage.

Caudata (n. pl.) See Urodela.

Caudate (a.) Alt. of Caudated

Caudated (a.) Having a tail; having a termination like a tail.

Caudices (pl. ) of Caudex

Caudexes (pl. ) of Caudex

Caudex (n.) The stem of a tree., esp. a stem without a branch, as of a palm or a tree fern; also, the perennial rootstock of an herbaceous plant.

Caudicle (n.) Alt. of Caudicula

Caudicula (n.) A slender, elastic process, to which the masses of pollen in orchidaceous plants are attached.

Caudle (n.) A kind of warm drink for sick persons, being a mixture of wine with eggs, bread, sugar, and spices.

Caudled (imp. & p. p.) of Caudle

Caudling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caudle

Caudle (v. t.) To make into caudle.

Caudle (v. t.) Too serve as a caudle to; to refresh.

Cauf (n.) A chest with holes for keeping fish alive in water.

Caufle (n.) A gang of slaves. Same as Coffle.

Caught () imp. & p. p. of Catch.

Cauk (n.) Alt. of Cauker

Cauker (n.) See Cawk, Calker.

Caul (n.) A covering of network for the head, worn by women; also, a net.

Caul (n.) The fold of membrane loaded with fat, which covers more or less of the intestines in mammals; the great omentum. See Omentum.

Caul (n.) A part of the amnion, one of the membranes enveloping the fetus, which sometimes is round the head of a child at its birth.

Caulescent (a.) Having a leafy stem.

Caulicle (n.) A short caulis or stem, esp. the rudimentary stem seen in the embryo of seed; -- otherwise called a radicle.

Cauliculi (pl. ) of Cauliculus

Cauliculus (n.) In the Corinthian capital, one of the eight stalks rising out of the lower leafage and terminating in leaves which seem to support the volutes. See Illust. of Corinthian order, under Corinthian.

Cauliflower (n.) An annual variety of Brassica oleracea, or cabbage, of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable.

Cauliflower (n.) The edible head or "curd" of a cauliflower plant.

Cauliform (a.) Having the form of a caulis.

Cauline (a.) Growing immediately on a caulis; of or pertaining to a caulis.

Caules (pl. ) of Caulis

Caulis (n.) An herbaceous or woody stem which bears leaves, and may bear flowers.

Caulk (v. t. & n.) See Calk.

Caulocarpous (a.) Having stems which bear flowers and fruit year after year, as most trees and shrubs.

Cauma (n.) Great heat, as of the body in fever.

Cauponize (v. i.) To sell wine or victuals.

Causable (a.) Capable of being caused.

Causal (a.) Relating to a cause or causes; inplying or containing a cause or causes; expressing a cause; causative.

Causal (n.) A causal word or form of speech.

Causality (n.) The agency of a cause; the action or power of a cause, in producing its effect.

Causality (n.) The faculty of tracing effects to their causes.

Causally (adv.) According to the order or series of causes; by tracing effects to causes.

Causally (n.) The lighter, earthy parts of ore, carried off washing.

Causation (n.) The act of causing; also the act or agency by which an effect is produced.

Causationist (n.) One who believes in the law of universal causation.

Causative (a.) Effective, as a cause or agent; causing.

Causative (a.) Expressing a cause or reason; causal; as, the ablative is a causative case.

Causative (n.) A word which expresses or suggests a cause.

Causatively (adv.) In a causative manner.

Causator (n.) One who causes.

Cause (v.) That which produces or effects a result; that from which anything proceeds, and without which it would not exist.

Cause (v.) That which is the occasion of an action or state; ground; reason; motive; as, cause for rejoicing.

Cause (v.) Sake; interest; advantage.

Cause (v.) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action.

Cause (v.) Any subject of discussion or debate; matter; question; affair in general.

Cause (v.) The side of a question, which is espoused, advocated, and upheld by a person or party; a principle which is advocated; that which a person or party seeks to attain.

Caused (imp. & p. p.) of Cause

Causing (p. pr. & v. n.) of Cause

Cause (n.) To effect as an agent; to produce; to be the occasion of; to bring about; to bring into existence; to make; -- usually followed by an infinitive, sometimes by that with a finite verb.

Cause (v. i.) To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse.

Cause (conj.) Abbreviation of Because.

Causeful (n.) Having a cause.

Causeless (a.) 1. Self-originating; uncreated.

Causeless (a.) Without just or sufficient reason; groundless.

Causeless (adv.) Without cause or reason.

Causelessness (n.) The state of being causeless.

Causer (n.) One who or that which causes.

Causeuse (n.) A kind of sofa for two persons. A tete-/-tete.

Causeway (n.) Alt. of Causey

Causey (n.) A way or road raised above the natural level of the ground, serving as a dry passage over wet or marshy ground.

Causewayed (a.) Alt. of Causeyed

Causeyed (a.) Having a raised way (causeway or causey); paved.

Causidical (a.) Pertaining to an advocate, or to the maintenance and defense of suits.

Caustic (a.) Alt. of Caustical

Caustical (a.) Capable of destroying the texture of anything or eating away its substance by chemical action; burning; corrosive; searing.

Caustical (a.) Severe; satirical; sharp; as, a caustic remark.

Caustic (a.) Any substance or means which, applied to animal or other organic tissue, burns, corrodes, or destroys it by chemical action; an escharotic.

Caustic (a.) A caustic curve or caustic surface.

Caustically (adv.) In a caustic manner.

Causticily (n.) The quality of being caustic; corrosiveness; as, the causticity of potash.

Causticily (n.) Severity of language; sarcasm; as, the causticity of a reply or remark.

Causticness (n.) The quality of being caustic; causticity.

Cautel (n.) Caution; prudence; wariness.

Cautel (n.) Craft; deceit; falseness.

Cautelous (a.) Caution; prudent; wary.

Cautelous (a.) Crafty; deceitful; false.

Cauter (n.) A hot iron for searing or cauterizing.

Cauterant (n.) A cauterizing substance.

Cauterism (n.) The use or application of a caustic; cautery.

Cauterization (n.) The act of searing some morbid part by the application of a cautery or caustic; also, the effect of such application.

Cauterized (imp. & p. p.) of Cauterize

Cauterizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cauterize

Cauterize (v. t.) To burn or sear with a cautery or caustic.

Cauterize (v. t.) To sear, as the conscience.

Cauteries (pl. ) of Cautery

Cautery (n.) A burning or searing, as of morbid flesh, with a hot iron, or by application of a caustic that will burn, corrode, or destroy animal tissue.

Cautery (n.) The iron of other agent in cauterizing.

Caution (n.) A careful attention to the probable effects of an act, in order that failure or harm may be avoided; prudence in regard to danger; provident care; wariness.

Caution (n.) Security; guaranty; bail.

Caution (n.) Precept or warning against evil of any kind; exhortation to wariness; advice; injunction.

Cautioned (imp. & p. p.) of Caution

Cautioning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caution

Caution (v. t.) To give notice of danger to; to warn; to exhort [one] to take heed.

Cautionary (a.) Conveying a caution, or warning to avoid danger; as, cautionary signals.

Cautionary (a.) Given as a pledge or as security.

Cautionary (a.) Wary; cautious.

Cautioner (n.) One who cautions or advises.

Cautioner (n.) A surety or sponsor.

Cautionry (n.) Suretyship.

Cautious (a.) Attentive to examine probable effects and consequences of acts with a view to avoid danger or misfortune; prudent; circumspect; wary; watchful; as, a cautious general.

Cautiously (adv.) In a cautious manner.

Cautiousness (n.) The quality of being cautious.

Cavalcade (n.) A procession of persons on horseback; a formal, pompous march of horsemen by way of parade.

Cavalero (n.) Alt. of Cavaliero

Cavaliero (n.) A cavalier; a gallant; a libertine.

Cavalier (n.) A military man serving on horseback; a knight.

Cavalier (n.) A gay, sprightly, military man; hence, a gallant.

Cavalier (n.) One of the court party in the time of king Charles I. as contrasted with a Roundhead or an adherent of Parliament.

Cavalier (n.) A work of more than ordinary height, rising from the level ground of a bastion, etc., and overlooking surrounding parts.

Cavalier (a.) Gay; easy; offhand; frank.

Cavalier (a.) High-spirited.

Cavalier (a.) Supercilious; haughty; disdainful; curt; brusque.

Cavalier (a.) Of or pertaining to the party of King Charles I.

Cavalierish (a.) Somewhat like a cavalier.

Cavalierism (n.) The practice or principles of cavaliers.

Cavalierly (adv.) In a supercilious, disdainful, or haughty manner; arrogantly.

Cavalierness (n.) A disdainful manner.

Cavally (n.) A carangoid fish of the Atlantic coast (Caranx hippos): -- called also horse crevalle. [See Illust. under Carangoid.]

Cavalry (n.) That part of military force which serves on horseback.

Cavalryman (n.) One of a body of cavalry.

Cavatina (n.) Originally, a melody of simpler form than the aria; a song without a second part and a da capo; -- a term now variously and vaguely used.

Cave (n.) A hollow place in the earth, either natural or artificial; a subterraneous cavity; a cavern; a den.

Cave (n.) Any hollow place, or part; a cavity.

Caved (imp. & p. p.) of Cave

Caving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cave

Cave (n.) To make hollow; to scoop out.

Cave (v. i.) To dwell in a cave.

Cave (v. i.) To fall in or down; as, the sand bank caved. Hence (Slang), to retreat from a position; to give way; to yield in a disputed matter.

Caveat (n.) A notice given by an interested party to some officer not to do a certain act until the party is heard in opposition; as, a caveat entered in a probate court to stop the proving of a will or the taking out of letters of administration, etc.

Caveat (n.) A description of some invention, designed to be patented, lodged in the patent office before the patent right is applied for, and operating as a bar to the issue of letters patent to any other person, respecting the same invention.

Caveat (n.) Intimation of caution; warning; protest.

Caveating (n.) Shifting the sword from one side of an adversary's sword to the other.

Caveator (n.) One who enters a caveat.

Cavendish (n.) Leaf tobacco softened, sweetened, and pressed into plugs or cakes.

Cavern (n.) A large, deep, hollow place in the earth; a large cave.

Caverned (a.) Containing caverns.

Caverned (a.) Living in a cavern.

Cavernous (a.) Full of caverns; resembling a cavern or large cavity; hollow.

Cavernous (a.) Filled with small cavities or cells.

Cavernous (a.) Having a sound caused by a cavity.

Cavernulous (a.) Full of little cavities; as, cavernulous metal.

Cavesson (n.) Alt. of Cavezon

Cavezon (n.) A kind of noseband used in breaking and training horses.

Cavetto (n.) A concave molding; -- used chiefly in classical architecture. See Illust. of Column.

Caviare (n.) Alt. of Caviar

Caviar (n.) The roes of the sturgeon, prepared and salted; -- used as a relish, esp. in Russia.

Cavicorn (a.) Having hollow horns.

Cavicornia (n. pl.) A group of ruminants whose horns are hollow, and planted on a bony process of the front, as the ox.

Caviled (imp. & p. p.) of Cavil

Cavilled () of Cavil

Caviling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cavil

Cavilling () of Cavil

Cavil (v. i.) To raise captious and frivolous objections; to find fault without good reason.

Cavil (v. t.) To cavil at.

Cavil (n.) A captious or frivolous objection.

Caviler (n.) Alt. of Caviller

Caviller (n.) One who cavils.

Caviling (a.) Disposed to cavil; finding fault without good reason. See Captious.

Cavilingly (adv.) In a caviling manner.

Cavillation (n.) Frivolous or sophistical objection.

Cavilous (a.) Alt. of Cavillous

Cavillous (a.) Characterized by caviling, or disposed to cavil; quibbing.

Cavin (n.) A hollow way, adapted to cover troops, and facilitate their aproach to a place.

Cavitary (a.) Containing a body cavity; as, the cavitary or nematoid worms.

Cavities (pl. ) of Cavity

Cavity (n.) Hollowness.

Cavity (n.) A hollow place; a hollow; as, the abdominal cavity.

Cavo-relievo (n.) Cavo-rilievo.

Cavo-rilievo (n.) Hollow relief; sculpture in relief within a sinking made for the purpose, so no part of it projects beyond the plain surface around.

Cavorted (imp. & p. p.) of Cavort

Cavorting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cavort

Cavort (v. i.) To prance ostentatiously; -- said of a horse or his rider.

Cavies (pl. ) of Cavy

Cavy (n.) A rodent of the genera Cavia and Dolichotis, as the guinea pig (Cavia cobaya). Cavies are natives of South America.

Cawed (imp. & p. p.) of Caw

Cawing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Caw

Caw (v. i.) To cry like a crow, rook, or raven.

Caw (n.) The cry made by the crow, rook, or raven.

Cawk (n.) An opaque, compact variety of barite, or heavy spar.

Cawker (n.) See Calker.

Cawky (a.) Of or pertaining to cawk; like cawk.

Caxon (n.) A kind of wig.

Caxton (n.) Any book printed by William Caxton, the first English printer.

Cay (n.) See Key, a ledge.

Cayenne (n.) Cayenne pepper.

Cayman (n.) The south America alligator. See Alligator.

Cayugas (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting western New-York, forming part of the confederacy called the Five Nations.

Cayuse (n.) An Indian pony.

Cazique (n.) Alt. of Cazic

Cazic (n.) A chief or petty king among some tribes of Indians in America.

Ceased (imp. & p. p.) of Cease

Ceasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cease

Cease (v. i.) To come to an end; to stop; to leave off or give over; to desist; as, the noise ceased.

Cease (v. i.) To be wanting; to fail; to pass away.

Cease (v. t.) To put a stop to; to bring to an end.

Cease (n.) Extinction.

Ceaseless (a.) Without pause or end; incessant.

Ceaseless (adv.) Without intermission or end.

Cecidomyia (n.) A genus of small dipterous files, including several very injurious species, as the Hessian fly. See Hessian fly.

Cecity (n.) Blindness.

Cecutiency (n.) Partial blindness, or a tendency to blindness.

Cedar (n.) The name of several evergreen trees. The wood is remarkable for its durability and fragrant odor.

Cedar (a.) Of or pertaining to cedar.

Cedared (a.) Covered, or furnished with, cedars.

Cedarn (a.) Of or pertaining to the cedar or its wood.

Ceded (imp. & p. p.) of Cede

Ceding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cede

Cede (v. t.) To yield or surrender; to give up; to resign; as, to cede a fortress, a province, or country, to another nation, by treaty.

Cedilla (n.) A mark placed under the letter c [thus, c], to show that it is to be sounded like s, as in facade.

Cedrat (n.) Properly the citron, a variety of Citrus medica, with large fruits, not acid, and having a high perfume.

Cedrene (n.) A rich aromatic oil, C15H24, extracted from oil of red cedar, and regarded as a polymeric terpene; also any one of a class of similar substances, as the essential oils of cloves, cubebs, juniper, etc., of which cedrene proper is the type.

Cedrine (a.) Of or pertaining to cedar or the cedar tree.

Cedriret (n.) Same as Coerulignone.

Cedry (a.) Of the nature of cedar.

Cedule (n.) A scroll; a writing; a schedule.

Ceduous (a.) Fit to be felled.

Ceiled (imp. & p. p.) of Ceil

Ceiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ceil

Ceil (v. t.) To overlay or cover the inner side of the roof of; to furnish with a ceiling; as, to ceil a room.

Ceil (v. t.) To line or finish a surface, as of a wall, with plaster, stucco, thin boards, or the like.

Ceiling (v. t.) The inside lining of a room overhead; the under side of the floor above; the upper surface opposite to the floor.

Ceiling (v. t.) The lining or finishing of any wall or other surface, with plaster, thin boards, etc.; also, the work when done.

Ceiling (v. t.) The inner planking of a vessel.

Ceint (n.) A girdle.

Celadon (n.) A pale sea-green color; also, porcelain or fine pottery of this tint.

Celandine (n.) A perennial herbaceous plant (Chelidonium majus) of the poppy family, with yellow flowers. It is used as a medicine in jaundice, etc., and its acrid saffron-colored juice is used to cure warts and the itch; -- called also greater celandine and swallowwort.

Celature (n.) The act or art of engraving or embossing.

Celature (n.) That which is engraved.

Celebrant (n.) One who performs a public religious rite; -- applied particularly to an officiating priest in the Roman Catholic Church, as distinguished from his assistants.

Celebrated (imp. & p. p.) of Celebrate

Celebrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Celebrate

Celebrate (v. t.) To extol or honor in a solemn manner; as, to celebrate the name of the Most High.

Celebrate (v. t.) To honor by solemn rites, by ceremonies of joy and respect, or by refraining from ordinary business; to observe duly; to keep; as, to celebrate a birthday.

Celebrate (v. t.) To perform or participate in, as a sacrament or solemn rite; to solemnize; to perform with appropriate rites; as, to celebrate a marriage.

Celebrated (a.) Having celebrity; distinguished; renowned.

Celebration (n.) The act, process, or time of celebrating.

Celebrator (n.) One who celebrates; a praiser.

Celebrious (a.) Famous.

Celebrities (pl. ) of Celebrity

Celebrity (n.) Celebration; solemnization.

Celebrity (n.) The state or condition of being celebrated; fame; renown; as, the celebrity of Washington.

Celebrity (n.) A person of distinction or renown; -- usually in the plural; as, he is one of the celebrities of the place.

Celeriac (n.) Turnip-rooted celery, a from of celery with a large globular root, which is used for food.

Celerity (n.) Rapidity of motion; quickness; swiftness.

Celery (n.) A plant of the Parsley family (Apium graveolens), of which the blanched leafstalks are used as a salad.

Celestial (a.) Belonging to the aerial regions, or visible heavens.

Celestial (a.) Of or pertaining to the spiritual heaven; heavenly; divine.

Celestial (n.) An inhabitant of heaven.

Celestial (n.) A native of China.

Celestialize (v. t.) To make celestial.

Celestially (adv.) In a celestial manner.

Celestify (v. t.) To make like heaven.

Celestine (n.) Alt. of Celestite

Celestite (n.) Native strontium sulphate, a mineral so named from its occasional delicate blue color. It occurs crystallized, also in compact massive and fibrous forms.

Celestine (n.) Alt. of Celestinian

Celestinian (n.) A monk of the austere branch of the Franciscan Order founded by Celestine V. in the 13th centry.

Celiac (a.) See Coellac.

Celibacy (n.) The state of being unmarried; single life, esp. that of a bachelor, or of one bound by vows not to marry.

Celibate (n.) Celibate state; celibacy.

Celibate (n.) One who is unmarried, esp. a bachelor, or one bound by vows not to marry.

Celibate (a.) Unmarried; single; as, a celibate state.

Celibatist (n.) One who lives unmarried.

Celidography (n.) A description of apparent spots on the disk of the sun, or on planets.

Cell (n.) A very small and close apartment, as in a prison or in a monastery or convent; the hut of a hermit.

Cell (n.) A small religious house attached to a monastery or convent.

Cell (n.) Any small cavity, or hollow place.

Cell (n.) The space between the ribs of a vaulted roof.

Cell (n.) Same as Cella.

Cell (n.) A jar of vessel, or a division of a compound vessel, for holding the exciting fluid of a battery.

Cell (n.) One of the minute elementary structures, of which the greater part of the various tissues and organs of animals and plants are composed.

Celled (imp. & p. p.) of Cell

Cell (v. t.) To place or inclose in a cell.

Cella (n.) The part inclosed within the walls of an ancient temple, as distinguished from the open porticoes.

Cellar (n.) A room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground, where provisions and other stores are kept.

Cellarage (n.) The space or storerooms of a cellar; a cellar.

Cellarage (n.) Chare for storage in a cellar.

Cellarer (n.) A steward or butler of a monastery or chapter; one who has charge of procuring and keeping the provisions.

Cellaret (n.) A receptacle, as in a dining room, for a few bottles of wine or liquor, made in the form of a chest or coffer, or a deep drawer in a sideboard, and usually lined with metal.

Cellarist (n.) Same as Cellarer.

Celled (a.) Containing a cell or cells.

Cellepore (n.) A genus of delicate branching corals, made up of minute cells, belonging to the Bryozoa.

Celliferous (a.) Bearing or producing cells.

Cellos (pl. ) of Cello

Celli (pl. ) of Cello

Cello (n.) A contraction for Violoncello.

Cellular (a.) Consisting of, or containing, cells; of or pertaining to a cell or cells.

Cellulated (a.) Cellular.

Cellule (n.) A small cell.

Celluliferous (a.) Bearing or producing little cells.

Cellulitis (n.) An inflammantion of the cellular or areolar tissue, esp. of that lying immediately beneath the skin.

Celluloid (n.) A substance composed essentially of gun cotton and camphor, and when pure resembling ivory in texture and color, but variously colored to imitate coral, tortoise shell, amber, malachite, etc. It is used in the manufacture of jewelry and many small articles, as combs, brushes, collars, and cuffs; -- originally called xylonite.

Cellulose (a.) Consisting of, or containing, cells.

Cellulose (n.) The substance which constitutes the essential part of the solid framework of plants, of ordinary wood, linen, paper, etc. It is also found to a slight extent in certain animals, as the tunicates. It is a carbohydrate, (C6H10O5)n, isomeric with starch, and is convertible into starches and sugars by the action of heat and acids. When pure, it is a white amorphous mass. See Starch, Granulose, Lignin.

Celotomy (n.) The act or operation of cutting, to relieve the structure in strangulated hernia.

Celsiture (n.) Height; altitude.

Celsius (n.) The Celsius thermometer or scale, so called from Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer, who invented it. It is the same as the centigrade thermometer or scale.

Celt (n.) One of an ancient race of people, who formerly inhabited a great part of Central and Western Europe, and whose descendants at the present day occupy Ireland, Wales, the Highlands of Scotland, and the northern shores of France.

Celt (n.) A weapon or implement of stone or metal, found in the tumuli, or barrows, of the early Celtic nations.

Celtiberian (a.) Of or pertaining to the ancient Celtiberia (a district in Spain lying between the Ebro and the Tagus) or its inhabitants the Celtiberi (Celts of the river Iberus).

Celtiberian (n.) An inhabitant of Celtiberia.

Celtic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Celts; as, Celtic people, tribes, literature, tongue.

Celtic (n.) The language of the Celts.

Celticism (n.) A custom of the Celts, or an idiom of their language.

Celticize (v. t.) To render Celtic; to assimilate to the Celts.

Cembalo (n.) An old name for the harpsichord.

Cement (n.) Any substance used for making bodies adhere to each other, as mortar, glue, etc.

Cement (n.) A kind of calcined limestone, or a calcined mixture of clay and lime, for making mortar which will harden under water.

Cement (n.) The powder used in cementation. See Cementation, n., 2.

Cement (n.) Bond of union; that which unites firmly, as persons in friendship, or men in society.

Cement (n.) The layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; -- called also cementum.

Cemented (imp. & p. p.) of Cement

Cementing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cement

Cement (n.) To unite or cause to adhere by means of a cement.

Cement (n.) To unite firmly or closely.

Cement (n.) To overlay or coat with cement; as, to cement a cellar bottom.

Cement (v. i.) To become cemented or firmly united; to cohere.

Cemental (a.) Of or pertaining to cement, as of a tooth; as, cemental tubes.

Cementation (n.) The act or process of cementing.

Cementation (n.) A process which consists in surrounding a solid body with the powder of other substances, and heating the whole to a degree not sufficient to cause fusion, the physical properties of the body being changed by chemical combination with powder; thus iron becomes steel by cementation with charcoal, and green glass becomes porcelain by cementation with sand.

Cementatory (a.) Having the quality of cementing or uniting firmly.

Cementer (n.) A person or thing that cements.

Cementitious (n.) Of the nature of cement.

Cemeterial (a.) Of or pertaining to a cemetery.

Cemeteries (pl. ) of Cemetery

Cemetery (n.) A place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; a graveyard; a churchyard; a necropolis.

Cenanthy (n.) The absence or suppression of the essential organs (stamens and pistil) in a flower.

Cenation (n.) Meal-taking; dining or supping.

Cenatory (a.) Of or pertaining to dinner or supper.

Cenobite (n.) One of a religious order, dwelling in a convent, or a community, in opposition to an anchoret, or hermit, who lives in solitude.

Cenobitic (a.) Alt. of Cenobitical

Cenobitical (a.) Of or pertaining to a cenobite.

Cenobitism (n.) The state of being a cenobite; the belief or practice of a cenobite.

Cenogamy (n.) The state of a community which permits promiscuous sexual intercourse among its members, as in certain societies practicing communism.

Cenotaph (n.) An empty tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person who is buried elsewhere.

Cenotaphy (n.) A cenotaph.

Cenozoic (a.) Belonging to the most recent division of geological time, including the tertiary, or Age of mammals, and the Quaternary, or Age of man. [Written also caenozoic, cainozoic, kainozoic.] See Geology.

Cense (n.) A census; -- also, a public rate or tax.

Cense (n.) Condition; rank.

Censed (imp. & p. p.) of Cense

Censing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cense

Cense (v. t.) To perfume with odors from burning gums and spices.

Cense (v. i.) To burn or scatter incense.

Censer (n.) A vessel for perfumes; esp. one in which incense is burned.

Censor (n.) One of two magistrates of Rome who took a register of the number and property of citizens, and who also exercised the office of inspector of morals and conduct.

Censor (n.) One who is empowered to examine manuscripts before they are committed to the press, and to forbid their publication if they contain anything obnoxious; -- an official in some European countries.

Censor (n.) One given to fault-finding; a censurer.

Censor (n.) A critic; a reviewer.

Censorial (a.) Belonging to a censor, or to the correction of public morals.

Censorial (a.) Full of censure; censorious.

Censorian (a.) Censorial.

Censorious (a.) Addicted to censure; apt to blame or condemn; severe in making remarks on others, or on their writings or manners.

Censorious (a.) Implying or expressing censure; as, censorious remarks.

Censorship (n.) The office or power of a censor; as, to stand for a censorship.

Censual (a.) Relating to, or containing, a census.

Censurable (a.) Deserving of censure; blamable; culpable; reprehensible; as, a censurable person, or censurable conduct.

Censure (n.) Judgment either favorable or unfavorable; opinion.

Censure (n.) The act of blaming or finding fault with and condemning as wrong; reprehension; blame.

Censure (n.) Judicial or ecclesiastical sentence or reprimand; condemnatory judgment.

Censured (imp. & p. p.) of Censure

Censuring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Censure

Censure (v. i.) To form or express a judgment in regard to; to estimate; to judge.

Censure (v. i.) To find fault with and condemn as wrong; to blame; to express disapprobation of.

Censure (v. i.) To condemn or reprimand by a judicial or ecclesiastical sentence.

Censure (v. i.) To judge.

Censurer (n.) One who censures.

Census (n.) A numbering of the people, and valuation of their estate, for the purpose of imposing taxes, etc.; -- usually made once in five years.

Census (n.) An official registration of the number of the people, the value of their estates, and other general statistics of a country.

Cent (n.) A hundred; as, ten per cent, the proportion of ten parts in a hundred.

Cent (n.) A United States coin, the hundredth part of a dollar, formerly made of copper, now of copper, tin, and zinc.

Cent (n.) An old game at cards, supposed to be like piquet; -- so called because 100 points won the game.

Centage (n.) Rate by the hundred; percentage.

Cental (n.) A weight of one hundred pounds avoirdupois; -- called in many parts of the United States a Hundredweight.

Cental (n.) Relating to a hundred.

Centare (n.) A measure of area, the hundredth part of an are; one square meter, or about 1/ square yards.

Centaur (n.) A fabulous being, represented as half man and half horse.

Centaur (n.) A constellation in the southern heavens between Hydra and the Southern Cross.

Centaurea (n.) A large genus of composite plants, related to the thistles and including the cornflower or bluebottle (Centaurea Cyanus) and the star thistle (C. Calcitrapa).

Centaury (n.) A gentianaceous plant not fully identified. The name is usually given to the Erytheraea Centaurium and the Chlora perfoliata of Europe, but is also extended to the whole genus Sabbatia, and even to the unrelated Centaurea.

Centenarian (a.) Of or relating to a hundred years.

Centenarian (n.) A person a hundred years old.

Centenary (a.) Relating to, or consisting of, a hundred.

Centenary (a.) Occurring once in every hundred years; centennial.

Centenaries (pl. ) of Centenary

Centenary (n.) The aggregate of a hundred single things; specifically, a century.

Centenary (n.) A commemoration or celebration of an event which occurred a hundred years before.

Centennial (a.) Relating to, or associated with, the commemoration of an event that happened a hundred years before; as, a centennial ode.

Centennial (a.) Happening once in a hundred years; as, centennial jubilee; a centennial celebration.

Centennial (a.) Lasting or aged a hundred years.

Centennial (n.) The celebration of the hundredth anniversary of any event; a centenary.

Centennially (adv.) Once in a hundred years.

Center (n.) A point equally distant from the extremities of a line, figure, or body, or from all parts of the circumference of a circle; the middle point or place.

Center (n.) The middle or central portion of anything.

Center (n.) A principal or important point of concentration; the nucleus around which things are gathered or to which they tend; an object of attention, action, or force; as, a center of attaction.

Center (n.) The earth.

Center (n.) Those members of a legislative assembly (as in France) who support the existing government. They sit in the middle of the legislative chamber, opposite the presiding officer, between the conservatives or monarchists, who sit on the right of the speaker, and the radicals or advanced republicans who occupy the seats on his left, See Right, and Left.

Center (n.) A temporary structure upon which the materials of a vault or arch are supported in position until the work becomes self-supporting.

Center (n.) One of the two conical steel pins, in a lathe, etc., upon which the work is held, and about which it revolves.

Center (n.) A conical recess, or indentation, in the end of a shaft or other work, to receive the point of a center, on which the work can turn, as in a lathe.

Centered (imp. & p. p.) of Centre

Centred () of Centre

Centering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Centre

Centring () of Centre

Center (v. i.) Alt. of Centre

Centre (v. i.) To be placed in a center; to be central.

Centre (v. i.) To be collected to a point; to be concentrated; to rest on, or gather about, as a center.

Center (v. t.) Alt. of Centre

Centre (v. t.) To place or fix in the center or on a central point.

Centre (v. t.) To collect to a point; to concentrate.

Centre (v. t.) To form a recess or indentation for the reception of a center.

Centerbit (n.) Alt. of Centrebit

Centrebit (n.) An instrument turning on a center, for boring holes. See Bit, n., 3.

Centerboard (n.) Alt. of Centreboard

Centreboard (n.) A movable or sliding keel formed of a broad board or slab of wood or metal which may be raised into a water-tight case amidships, when in shallow water, or may be lowered to increase the area of lateral resistance and prevent leeway when the vessel is beating to windward. It is used in vessels of all sizes along the coast of the United States

Centerfire cartridge () See under Cartridge.

Centering (n.) Same as Center, n., 6.

Centerpiece (n.) Alt. of Centrepiece

Centrepiece (n.) An ornament to be placed in the center, as of a table, ceiling, atc.; a central article or figure.

Centesimal (a.) Hundredth.

Centesimal (n.) A hundredth part.

Centesimation (n.) The infliction of the death penalty upon one person in every hundred, as in cases of mutiny.

Centesm (n.) Hundredth.

-mi (pl. ) of Centesimo

Centesimo (n.) A copper coin of Italy and Spain equivalent to a centime.

Centiare (n.) See centare.

Centicipitous (a.) Hundred-headed.

Centifidous (a.) Divided into a hundred parts.

Centifolious (a.) Having a hundred leaves.

Centigrade (a.) Consisting of a hundred degrees; graduated into a hundred divisions or equal parts.

Centigrade (a.) Of or pertaining to the centigrade thermometer; as, 10! centigrade (or 10! C.).

Centigram (n.) Alt. of Centigramme

Centigramme (n.) The hundredth part of a gram; a weight equal to .15432 of a grain. See Gram.

Centiliter (n.) Alt. of Centilitre

Centilitre (n.) The hundredth part of a liter; a measure of volume or capacity equal to a little more than six tenths (0.6102) of a cubic inch, or one third (0.338) of a fluid ounce.

Centiloquy (n.) A work divided into a hundred parts.

Centime (n.) The hundredth part of a franc; a small French copper coin and money of account.

Centimeter (n.) Alt. of Centimetre

Centimetre (n.) The hundredth part of a meter; a measure of length equal to rather more than thirty-nine hundredths (0.3937) of an inch. See Meter.

Centinel (n.) Sentinel.

Centinody (n.) A weed with a stem of many joints (Illecebrum verticillatum); also, the Polygonum aviculare or knotgrass.

Centiped (n.) A species of the Myriapoda; esp. the large, flattened, venomous kinds of the order Chilopoda, found in tropical climates. they are many-jointed, and have a great number of feet.

Centistere (n.) The hundredth part of a stere, equal to .353 cubic feet.

Centner (n.) A weight divisible first into a hundred parts, and then into smaller parts.

Centner (n.) The commercial hundredweight in several of the continental countries, varying in different places from 100 to about 112 pounds.

Centos (pl. ) of Cento

Cento (n.) A literary or a musical composition formed by selections from different authors disposed in a new order.

Centonism (n.) The composition of a cento; the act or practice of composing a cento or centos.

Central (a.) Relating to the center; situated in or near the center or middle; containing the center; of or pertaining to the parts near the center; equidistant or equally accessible from certain points.

Central (n.) Alt. of Centrale

Centrale (n.) The central, or one of the central, bones of the carpus or or tarsus. In the tarsus of man it is represented by the navicular.

Centralism (n.) The state or condition of being central; the combination of several parts into one whole; centralization.

Centralism (n.) The system by which power is centralized, as in a government.

Centralities (pl. ) of Centrality

Centrality (n.) The state of being central; tendency towards a center.

Centralization (n.) The act or process of centralizing, or the state of being centralized; the act or process of combining or reducing several parts into a whole; as, the centralization of power in the general government; the centralization of commerce in a city.

Centralized (imp. & p. p.) of Centralize

Centralizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Centralize

Centralize (v. t.) To draw or bring to a center point; to gather into or about a center; to bring into one system, or under one control.

Centrally (adv.) In a central manner or situation.

Centre (n. & v.) See Center.

Centric (a.) Alt. of Centrical

Centrical (a.) Placed in the center or middle; central.

Centricity (n.) The state or quality of being centric; centricalness.

Centrifugal (a.) Tending, or causing, to recede from the center.

Centrifugal (a.) Expanding first at the summit, and later at the base, as a flower cluster.

Centrifugal (a.) Having the radicle turned toward the sides of the fruit, as some embryos.

Centrifugal (n.) A centrifugal machine.

Centrifugence (n.) The property or quality of being centrifugal.

Centring (n.) See Centring.

Centripetal (a.) Tending, or causing, to approach the center.

Centripetal (a.) Expanding first at the base of the inflorescence, and proceeding in order towards the summit.

Centripetal (a.) Having the radicle turned toward the axis of the fruit, as some embryos.

Centripetal (a.) Progressing by changes from the exterior of a thing toward its center; as, the centripetal calcification of a bone.

Centripetence (n.) Centripetency.

Centripetency (n.) Tendency toward the center.

Centriscoid (a.) Allied to, or resembling, the genus Centriscus, of which the bellows fish is an example.

Centrobaric (a.) Relating to the center of gravity, or to the process of finding it.

Centrode (n.) In two figures having relative motion, one of the two curves which are the loci of the instantaneous center.

Centroid (n.) The center of mass, inertia, or gravity of a body or system of bodies.

Centrolecithal (a.) Having the food yolk placed at the center of the ovum, segmentation being either regular or unequal.

Centrolinead (n.) An instrument for drawing lines through a point, or lines converging to a center.

Centrolineal (a.) Converging to a center; -- applied to lines drawn so as to meet in a point or center.

Centrosome (n.) A peculiar rounded body lying near the nucleus of a cell. It is regarded as the dynamic element by means of which the machinery of cell division is organized.

Centrostaltic (a.) A term applied to the action of nerve force in the spinal center.

Centrums (pl. ) of Centrum

Centra (pl. ) of Centrum

Centrum (n.) The body, or axis, of a vertebra. See Vertebra.

Centry (n.) See Sentry.

Centumviri (pl. ) of Centumvir

Centumvir (n.) One of a court of about one hundred judges chosen to try civil suits. Under the empire the court was increased to 180, and met usually in four sections.

Centumviral (a.) Of or pertaining to the centumviri, or to a centumvir.

Centumvirate (n.) The office of a centumvir, or of the centumviri.

Centuple (a.) Hundredfold.

Centuple (v. t.) To increase a hundredfold.

Centuplicated (imp. & p. p.) of Centuplicate

Centuplicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Centuplicate

Centuplicate (a.) To make a hundredfold; to repeat a hundred times.

Centurial (a.) Of or pertaining to a century; as, a centurial sermon.

Centuriate (a.) Pertaining to, or divided into, centuries or hundreds.

Centuriate (v. t.) To divide into hundreds.

Centuriator (n.) Alt. of Centurist

Centurist (n.) An historian who distinguishes time by centuries, esp. one of those who wrote the "Magdeburg Centuries." See under Century.

Centurion (n.) A military officer who commanded a minor division of the Roman army; a captain of a century.

Centuries (pl. ) of Century

Century (n.) A hundred; as, a century of sonnets; an aggregate of a hundred things.

Century (n.) A period of a hundred years; as, this event took place over two centuries ago.

Century (n.) A division of the Roman people formed according to their property, for the purpose of voting for civil officers.

Century (n.) One of sixty companies into which a legion of the army was divided. It was Commanded by a centurion.

Cepevorous (a.) Feeding upon onions.

Cephalad (adv.) Forwards; towards the head or anterior extremity of the body; opposed to caudad.

Cephalalgia (n.) Alt. of Cephalalgy

Cephalalgy (n.) Pain in the head; headache.

Cephalalgic (a.) Relating to, or affected with, headache.

Cephalalgic (n.) A remedy for the headache.

Cephalanthium (n.) Same as Anthodium.

Cephalaspis (n.) A genus of fossil ganoid fishes found in the old red sandstone or Devonian formation. The head is large, and protected by a broad shield-shaped helmet prolonged behind into two lateral points.

Cephalata (n. pl.) A large division of Mollusca, including all except the bivalves; -- so called because the head is distinctly developed. See Illustration in Appendix.

Cephalate (a.) Having a head.

Cephalic (a.) Of or pertaining to the head. See the Note under Anterior.

Cephalic (n.) A medicine for headache, or other disorder in the head.

Cephalitis (n.) Same as Phrenitis.

Cephalization (n.) Domination of the head in animal life as expressed in the physical structure; localization of important organs or parts in or near the head, in animal development.

Cephalo () A combining form denoting the head, of the head, connected with the head; as, cephalosome, cephalopod.

Cephalocercal (a.) Relating to the long axis of the body.

Cephaloid (a.) Shaped like the head.

Cephalology (n.) The science which treats of the head.

Cephalomere (n.) One of the somites (arthromeres) which make up the head of arthropods.

Cephalometer (n.) An instrument measuring the dimensions of the head of a fetus during delivery.

Cephalon (n.) The head.

Cephalophora (n. pl.) The cephalata.

Cephalopod (n.) Alt. of Cephalopode

Cephalopode (n.) One of the Cephalopoda.

Cephalopoda (n. pl.) The highest class of Mollusca.

Cephalopodic (a.) Alt. of Cephalopodous

Cephalopodous (a.) Belonging to, or resembling, the cephalopods.

Cephaloptera (n.) One of the generic names of the gigantic ray (Manta birostris), known as devilfish and sea devil. It is common on the coasts of South Carolina, Florida, and farther south. Some of them grow to enormous size, becoming twenty feet of more across the body, and weighing more than a ton.

Cephalosome (n.) The anterior region or head of insects and other arthropods.

Cephalostyle (n.) The anterior end of the notochord and its bony sheath in the base of cartilaginous crania.

Cephalothorax (n.) The anterior portion of any one of the Arachnida and higher Crustacea, consisting of the united head and thorax.

Cephalotome (n.) An instrument for cutting into the fetal head, to facilitate delivery.

Cephalotomy (n.) Dissection or opening of the head.

Cephalotomy (n.) Craniotomy; -- usually applied to bisection of the fetal head with a saw.

Cephalotribe (n.) An obstetrical instrument for performing cephalotripsy.

Cephalotripsy (n.) The act or operation of crushing the head of a fetus in the womb in order to effect delivery.

Cephalotrocha (n.) A kind of annelid larva with a circle of cilia around the head.

Cephalous (a.) Having a head; -- applied chiefly to the Cephalata, a division of mollusks.

Cepheus (n.) A northern constellation near the pole. Its head, which is in the Milky Way, is marked by a triangle formed by three stars of the fourth magnitude. See Cassiopeia.

Ceraceous (a.) Having the texture and color of new wax; like wax; waxy.

Cerago (n.) Beebread.

Ceramic (a.) Of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.

Ceramics (n.) The art of making things of baked clay; as pottery, tiles, etc.

Ceramics (n.) Work formed of clay in whole or in part, and baked; as, vases, urns, etc.

Cerargyrite (n.) Native silver chloride, a mineral of a white to pale yellow or gray color, darkening on exposure to the light. It may be cut by a knife, like lead or horn (hence called horn silver).

Cerasin (n.) A white amorphous substance, the insoluble part of cherry gum; -- called also meta-arabinic acid.

Cerasin (n.) A gummy mucilaginous substance; -- called also bassorin, tragacanthin, etc.

Cerasinous (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, cerasin.

Cerasinous (a.) Of a cherry color.

Cerastes (n.) A genus of poisonous African serpents, with a horny scale over each eye; the horned viper.

Cerate (n.) An unctuous preparation for external application, of a consistence intermediate between that of an ointment and a plaster, so that it can be spread upon cloth without the use of heat, but does not melt when applied to the skin.

Cerated (p. a.) Covered with wax.

Ceratine (a.) Sophistical.

Ceratobranchia (n. pl.) A group of nudibranchiate Mollusca having on the back papilliform or branched organs serving as gills.

Ceratobranchial (a.) Pertaining to the bone, or cartilage, below the epibranchial in a branchial arch.

Ceratobranchial (n.) A ceratobranchial bone, or cartilage.

Ceratodus (n.) A genus of ganoid fishes, of the order Dipnoi, first known as Mesozoic fossil fishes; but recently two living species have been discovered in Australian rivers. They have lungs so well developed that they can leave the water and breathe in air. In Australia they are called salmon and baramunda. See Dipnoi, and Archipterygium.

Ceratohyal (a.) Pertaining to the bone, or cartilage, below the epihyal in the hyoid arch.

Ceratohyal (n.) A ceratohyal bone, or cartilage, which, in man, forms one of the small horns of the hyoid.

Ceratosaurus (n.) A carnivorous American Jurassic dinosaur allied to the European Megalosaurus. The animal was nearly twenty feet in length, and the skull bears a bony horn core on the united nasal bones. See Illustration in Appendix.

Ceratospongiae (n. pl.) An order of sponges in which the skeleton consists of horny fibers. It includes all the commercial sponges.

Ceraunics (n.) That branch of physics which treats of heat and electricity.

Ceraunoscope (n.) An instrument or apparatus employed in the ancient mysteries to imitate thunder and lightning.

Cerberean (a.) Of or pertaining to, or resembling, Cerberus.

Cerberus (n.) A monster, in the shape of a three-headed dog, guarding the entrance into the infernal regions, Hence: Any vigilant custodian or guardian, esp. if surly.

Cerberus (n.) A genus of East Indian serpents, allied to the pythons; the bokadam.

Cercal (a.) Of or pertaining to the tail.

Cercarle (pl. ) of Cercaria

Cercaria (n.) The larval form of a trematode worm having the shape of a tadpole, with its body terminated by a tail-like appendage.

Cercarian (a.) Of, like, or pertaining to, the Cercariae.

Cercarian (n.) One of the Cercariae.

Cercopod (n.) One of the jointed antenniform appendages of the posterior somites of certain insects.

Cerci (pl. ) of Cercus

Cercus (n.) See Cercopod.

Cere (n.) The soft naked sheath at the base of the beak of birds of prey, parrots, and some other birds. See Beak.

Cered (imp. & p. p.) of Cere

Cering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cere

Cere (v. t.) To wax; to cover or close with wax.

Cereal (a.) Of or pertaining to the grasses which are cultivated for their edible seeds (as wheat, maize, rice, etc.), or to their seeds or grain.

Cereal (n.) Any grass cultivated for its edible grain, or the grain itself; -- usually in the plural.

Cerealia (n. pl.) Public festivals in honor of Ceres.

Cerealia (n. pl.) The cereals.

Cerealin (n.) A nitrogenous substance closely resembling diastase, obtained from bran, and possessing the power of converting starch into dextrin, sugar, and lactic acid.

Cerebel (n.) The cerebellum.

Cerebellar (a.) Alt. of Cerebellous

Cerebellous (a.) Pertaining to the cerebellum.

Cerebellums (pl. ) of Cerebellum

Cerebella (pl. ) of Cerebellum

Cerebellum (n.) The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action. See Brain.

Cerebral (a.) Of or pertaining to the cerebrum.

Cerebral (n.) One of a class of lingual consonants in the East Indian languages. See Lingual, n.

Cerebralism (n.) The doctrine or theory that psychical phenomena are functions or products of the brain only.

Cerebralist (n.) One who accepts cerebralism.

Cerebrate (v. i.) To exhibit mental activity; to have the brain in action.

Cerebration (n.) Action of the brain, whether conscious or unconscious.

Cerebric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the brain.

Cerebricity (n.) Brain power.

Cerebriform (a.) Like the brain in form or substance.

Cerebrifugal (a.) Applied to those nerve fibers which go from the brain to the spinal cord, and so transfer cerebral impulses (centrifugal impressions) outwards.

Cerebrin (n.) A nonphosphorized, nitrogenous substance, obtained from brain and nerve tissue by extraction with boiling alcohol. It is uncertain whether it exists as such in nerve tissue, or is a product of the decomposition of some more complex substance.

Cerebripetal (a.) Applied to those nerve fibers which go from the spinal cord to the brain and so transfer sensations (centripetal impressions) from the exterior inwards.

Cerebritis (n.) Inflammation of the cerebrum.

Cerebroid (a.) Resembling, or analogous to, the cerebrum or brain.

Cerebrology (n.) The science which treats of the cerebrum or brain.

Cerebropathy (n.) A hypochondriacal condition verging upon insanity, occurring in those whose brains have been unduly taxed; -- called also brain fag.

Cerebroscopy (n.) Examination of the brain for the diagnosis of disease; esp., the act or process of diagnosticating the condition of the brain by examination of the interior of the eye (as with an ophthalmoscope).

Cerebrose (n.) A sugarlike body obtained by the decomposition of the nitrogenous non-phosphorized principles of the brain.

Cerebro-spinal (a.) Of or pertaining to the central nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

Cerebrums (pl. ) of Cerebrum

Cerebra (pl. ) of Cerebrum

Cerebrum (n.) The anterior, and in man the larger, division of the brain; the seat of the reasoning faculties and the will. See Brain.

Cerecloth (n.) A cloth smeared with melted wax, or with some gummy or glutinous matter.

Cerement (n.) A cerecloth used for the special purpose of enveloping a dead body when embalmed.

Cerement (n.) Any shroud or wrapping for the dead.

Ceremonial (a.) Relating to ceremony, or external rite; ritual; according to the forms of established rites.

Ceremonial (a.) Observant of forms; ceremonious. [In this sense ceremonious is now preferred.]

Ceremonial (n.) A system of rules and ceremonies, enjoined by law, or established by custom, in religious worship, social intercourse, or the courts of princes; outward form.

Ceremonial (n.) The order for rites and forms in the Roman Catholic church, or the book containing the rules prescribed to be observed on solemn occasions.

Ceremonialism (n.) Adherence to external rites; fondness for ceremony.

Ceremonially (adv.) According to rites and ceremonies; as, a person ceremonially unclean.

Ceremonialness (n.) Quality of being ceremonial.

Ceremonious (a.) Consisting of outward forms and rites; ceremonial. [In this sense ceremonial is now preferred.]

Ceremonious (a.) According to prescribed or customary rules and forms; devoted to forms and ceremonies; formally respectful; punctilious.

Ceremoniously (adv.) In a ceremonious way.

Ceremoniousness (n.) The quality, or practice, of being ceremonious.

Ceremonies (pl. ) of Ceremony

Ceremony (n.) Ar act or series of acts, often of a symbolical character, prescribed by law, custom, or authority, in the conduct of important matters, as in the performance of religious duties, the transaction of affairs of state, and the celebration of notable events; as, the ceremony of crowning a sovereign; the ceremonies observed in consecrating a church; marriage and baptismal ceremonies.

Ceremony (n.) Behavior regulated by strict etiquette; a formal method of performing acts of civility; forms of civility prescribed by custom or authority.

Ceremony (n.) A ceremonial symbols; an emblem, as a crown, scepter, garland, etc.

Ceremony (n.) A sign or prodigy; a portent.

Cereous (a.) Waxen; like wax.

Ceres (n.) The daughter of Saturn and Ops or Rhea, the goddess of corn and tillage.

Ceres (n.) The first discovered asteroid.

Ceresin (n.) A white wax, made by bleaching and purifying ozocerite, and used as a substitute for beeswax.

Cereus (n.) A genus of plants of the Cactus family. They are natives of America, from California to Chili.

Cerial (a.) Same as Cerrial.

Ceriferous (a.) Producing wax.

Cerin (n.) A waxy substance extracted by alcohol or ether from cork; sometimes applied also to the portion of beeswax which is soluble in alcohol.

Cerin (n.) A variety of the mineral allanite.

Cerinthian (n.) One of an ancient religious sect, so called from Cerinthus, a Jew, who attempted to unite the doctrines of Christ with the opinions of the Jews and Gnostics.

Ceriph (n.) One of the fine lines of a letter, esp. one of the fine cross strokes at the top and bottom of letters.

Cerise (a.) Cherry-colored; a light bright red; -- applied to textile fabrics, especially silk.

Cerite (n.) A gastropod shell belonging to the family Cerithiidae; -- so called from its hornlike form.

Cerite (n.) A mineral of a brownish of cherry-red color, commonly massive. It is a hydrous silicate of cerium and allied metals.

Cerium (n.) A rare metallic element, occurring in the minerals cerite, allanite, monazite, etc. Symbol Ce. Atomic weight 141.5. It resembles iron in color and luster, but is soft, and both malleable and ductile. It tarnishes readily in the air.

Cernuous (a.) Inclining or nodding downward; pendulous; drooping; -- said of a bud, flower, fruit, or the capsule of a moss.

Cero (n.) A large and valuable fish of the Mackerel family, of the genus Scomberomorus. Two species are found in the West Indies and less commonly on the Atlantic coast of the United States, -- the common cero (Scomberomorus caballa), called also kingfish, and spotted, or king, cero (S. regalis).

Cerograph (n.) A writing on wax.

Cerographic (a.) Alt. of Cerographical

Cerographical (a.) Of or pertaining to cerography.

Cerographist (n.) One who practices cerography.

Cerography (n.) The art of making characters or designs in, or with, wax.

Cerography (n.) A method of making stereotype plates from inscribed sheets of wax.

Cerolite (n.) A hydrous silicate of magnesium, allied to serpentine, occurring in waxlike masses of a yellow or greenish color.

Ceroma (n.) The unguent (a composition of oil and wax) with which wrestlers were anointed among the ancient Romans.

Ceroma (n.) That part of the baths and gymnasia in which bathers and wrestlers anointed themselves.

Ceroma (n.) The cere of birds.

Ceromancy (n.) Divination by dropping melted wax in water.

Ceroon (n.) A bale or package. covered with hide, or with wood bound with hide; as, a ceroon of indigo, cochineal, etc.

Ceroplastic (a.) Relating to the art of modeling in wax.

Ceroplastic (a.) Modeled in wax; as, a ceroplastic figure.

Ceroplastics (n.) Alt. of Ceroplasty

Ceroplasty (n.) The art of modeling in wax.

Cerosin (n.) A waxy substance obtained from the bark of the sugar cane, and crystallizing in delicate white laminae.

Cerote (n.) See Cerate.

Cerotene (n.) A white waxy solid obtained from Chinese wax, and by the distillation of cerotin.

Cerotic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, beeswax or Chinese wax; as, cerotic acid or alcohol.

Cerotin (n.) A white crystalline substance, C27H55.OH, obtained from Chinese wax, and regarded as an alcohol of the marsh gas series; -- called also cerotic alcohol, ceryl alcohol.

Cerrial (a.) Of or pertaining to the cerris.

Cerris (n.) A species of oak (Quercus cerris) native in the Orient and southern Europe; -- called also bitter oak and Turkey oak.

Certain (a.) Assured in mind; having no doubts; free from suspicions concerning.

Certain (a.) Determined; resolved; -- used with an infinitive.

Certain (a.) Not to be doubted or denied; established as a fact.

Certain (a.) Actually existing; sure to happen; inevitable.

Certain (a.) Unfailing; infallible.

Certain (a.) Fixed or stated; regular; determinate.

Certain (a.) Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or some; -- sometimes used independenty as a noun, and meaning certain persons.

Certain (n.) Certainty.

Certain (n.) A certain number or quantity.

Certain (adv.) Certainly.

Certainly (adv.) Without doubt or question; unquestionably.

Certainness (n.) Certainty.

Certainties (pl. ) of Certainty

Certainty (n.) The quality, state, or condition, of being certain.

Certainty (n.) A fact or truth unquestionable established.

Certainty (n.) Clearness; freedom from ambiguity; lucidity.

Certes (adv.) Certainly; in truth; verily.

Certificate (n.) A written testimony to the truth of any fact; as, certificate of good behavior.

Certificate (n.) A written declaration legally authenticated.

Certificated (imp. & p. p.) of Certificate

Certificating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Certificate

Certificate (v. t.) To verify or vouch for by certificate.

Certificate (v. t.) To furnish with a certificate; as, to certificate the captain of a vessel; a certificated teacher.

Certification (n.) The act of certifying.

Certifier (n.) One who certifies or assures.

Certified (imp. & p. p.) of Certify

Certifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Certify

Certify (v. t.) To give cetain information to; to assure; to make certain.

Certify (v. t.) To give certain information of; to make certain, as a fact; to verify.

Certify (v. t.) To testify to in writing; to make a declaration concerning, in writing, under hand, or hand and seal.

Certiorari (n.) A writ issuing out of chancery, or a superior court, to call up the records of a inferior court, or remove a cause there depending, in order that the party may have more sure and speedy justice, or that errors and irregularities may be corrected. It is obtained upon complaint of a party that he has not received justice, or can not have an impartial trial in the inferior court.

Certitude (n.) Freedom from doubt; assurance; certainty.

Cerule (a.) Blue; cerulean.

Cerulean (a.) Sky-colored; blue; azure.

Ceruleous (a.) Cerulean.

Cerulific (a.) Producing a blue or sky color.

Cerumen (n.) The yellow, waxlike secretion from the glands of the external ear; the earwax.

Ceruminous (a.) Pertaining to, or secreting, cerumen; as, the ceruminous glands.

Ceruse (n.) White lead, used as a pigment. See White lead, under White.

Ceruse (n.) A cosmetic containing white lead.

Ceruse (n.) The native carbonate of lead.

Cerused (a.) Washed with a preparation of white lead; as, cerused face.

Cerusite (n.) Alt. of Cerussite

Cerussite (n.) Native lead carbonate; a mineral occurring in colorless, white, or yellowish transparent crystals, with an adamantine, also massive and compact.

Cervantite (n.) See under Antimony.

Cervelat (n.) An ancient wind instrument, resembling the bassoon in tone.

Cervical (a.) Of or pertaining to the neck; as, the cervical vertebrae.

Cervicide (n.) The act of killing deer; deer-slaying.

Cervine (a.) Of or pertaining to the deer, or to the family Cervidae.

Cervixes (pl. ) of Cervix

Cervices (pl. ) of Cervix

Cervix (n.) The neck; also, the necklike portion of any part, as of the womb. See Illust. of Bird.

Cervus (n.) A genus of ruminants, including the red deer and other allied species.

Ceryl (n.) A radical, C27H55 supposed to exist in several compounds obtained from Chinese wax, beeswax, etc.

Cesarean (a.) Alt. of Cesarian

Cesarian (a.) Same as Caesarean, Caesarian.

Cesarism (n.) See Caesarism.

Cespitine (n.) An oil obtained by distillation of peat, and containing various members of the pyridine series.

Cespititious (a.) Same as Cespitious.

Cespitose (a.) Having the form a piece of turf, i. e., many stems from one rootstock or from many entangled rootstocks or roots.

Cespitous (a.) Pertaining to, consisting, of resembling, turf; turfy.

Cess (n.) A rate or tax.

Cess (n.) Bound; measure.

Cessed (imp. & p. p.) of Cess

Cessing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cess

Cess (v. t.) To rate; to tax; to assess.

Cess (v. i.) To cease; to neglect.

Cessant (a.) Inactive; dormant

Cessation (n.) A ceasing or discontinuance, as of action, whether temporary or final; a stop; as, a cessation of the war.

Cessavit (n.) A writ given by statute to recover lands when the tenant has for two years failed to perform the conditions of his tenure.

Cesser (v. i.) a neglect of a tenant to perform services, or make payment, for two years.

Cessible (a.) Giving way; yielding.

Cession (n.) A yielding to physical force.

Cession (n.) Concession; compliance.

Cession (n.) A yielding, or surrender, as of property or rights, to another person; the act of ceding.

Cession (n.) The giving up or vacating a benefice by accepting another without a proper dispensation.

Cession (n.) The voluntary surrender of a person's effects to his creditors to avoid imprisonment.

Cessionary (a.) Having surrendered the effects; as, a cessionary bankrupt.

Cessment (v. t.) An assessment or tax.

Cessor (v. i.) One who neglects, for two years, to perform the service by which he holds lands, so that he incurs the danger of the writ of cessavit. See Cessavit.

Cessor (v. t.) An assessor.

Cesspipe (n.) A pipe for carrying off waste water, etc., from a sink or cesspool.

Cesspool (n.) A cistern in the course, or the termination, of a drain, to collect sedimentary or superfluous matter; a privy vault; any receptacle of filth.

Cest (n.) A woman's girdle; a cestus.

Cestode (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cestoidea.

Cestode (n.) One of the Cestoidea.

Cestoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cestoidea.

Cestoid (n.) One of the Cestoidea.

Cestoidea (n. pl.) A class of parasitic worms (Platelminthes) of which the tapeworms are the most common examples. The body is flattened, and usually but not always long, and composed of numerous joints or segments, each of which may contain a complete set of male and female reproductive organs. They have neither mouth nor intestine. See Tapeworm.

Cestoldean (n.) One of the Cestoidea.

Cestraciont (n.) A shark of the genus Cestracion, and of related genera. The posterior teeth form a pavement of bony plates for crushing shellfish. Most of the species are extinct. The Port Jackson shark and a similar one found in California are living examples.

Cestraciont (a.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the genus Cestracion.

Cestus (n.) A girdle; particularly that of Aphrodite (or Venus) which gave the wearer the power of exciting love.

Cestus (n.) A genus of Ctenophora. The typical species (Cestus Veneris) is remarkable for its brilliant iridescent colors, and its long, girdlelike form.

Cestus (n.) A covering for the hands of boxers, made of leather bands, and often loaded with lead or iron.

Cestuy (pron.) Alt. of Cestui

Cestui (pron.) He; the one.

Cesura (n.) See Caesura.

Cesural (a.) See Caesural.

Cetacea (n. pl.) An order of marine mammals, including the whales. Like ordinary mammals they breathe by means of lungs, and bring forth living young which they suckle for some time. The anterior limbs are changed to paddles; the tail flukes are horizontal. There are two living suborders:

Cetacean (n.) One of the Cetacea.

Cetaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cetacea.

Cete (n.) One of the Cetacea, or collectively, the Cetacea.

Cetene (n.) An oily hydrocarbon, C16H32, of the ethylene series, obtained from spermaceti.

Ceterach (n.) A species of fern with fronds (Asplenium Ceterach).

Cetewale (n.) Same as Zedoary.

Cetic (a.) Of or pertaining to a whale.

Cetin (n.) A white, waxy substance, forming the essential part of spermaceti.

Cetological (a.) Of or pertaining to cetology.

Cetologist (a.) One versed in cetology.

Cetology (n.) The description or natural history of cetaceous animals.

Cetraric (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the lichen, Iceland moss (Cetaria Islandica).

Cetrarin (n.) A white substance extracted from the lichen, Iceland moss (Cetraria Islandica). It consists of several ingredients, among which is cetraric acid, a white, crystalline, bitter substance.

Cetyl (n.) A radical, C16H33, not yet isolated, but supposed to exist in a series of compounds homologous with the ethyl compounds, and derived from spermaceti.

Cetylic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, spermaceti.

Ceylanite (n.) A dingy blue, or grayish black, variety of spinel. It is also called pleonaste.

Ceylonese (a.) Of or pertaining to Ceylon.

Ceylonese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Ceylon.

C. G. S. () An abbreviation for Centimeter, Gram, Second. -- applied to a system of units much employed in physical science, based upon the centimeter as the unit of length, the gram as the unit of weight or mass, and the second as the unit of time.

Chab (n.) The red-bellied wood pecker (Melanerpes Carolinus).

Chabasite (n.) Alt. of Cabazite

Cabazite (n.) A mineral occuring in glassy rhombohedral crystals, varying, in color from white to yellow or red. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime. Called also chabasie.

Chablis (n.) A white wine made near Chablis, a town in France.

Chablis (n.) a white wine resembling Chablis{1}, but made elsewhere, as in California.

Chabouk (n.) Alt. of Chabuk

Chabuk (n.) A long whip, such as is used in the East in the infliction of punishment.

Chace (n.) See 3d Chase, n., 3.

Chace (v. t.) To pursue. See Chase v. t.

Chachalaca (n.) The Texan guan (Ortalis vetula).

Chak (v. i.) To toss up the head frequently, as a horse to avoid the restraint of the bridle.

Chacma (n.) A large species of African baboon (Cynocephalus porcarius); -- called also ursine baboon. [See Illust. of Baboon.]

Chaconne (n.) An old Spanish dance in moderate three-four measure, like the Passacaglia, which is slower. Both are used by classical composers as themes for variations.

Chad (n.) See Shad.

Chaetetes (n.) A genus of fossil corals, common in the lower Silurian limestones.

Chaetiferous (a.) Bearing setae.

Chaetodont (n.) A marine fish of the family Chaetodontidae. The chaetodonts have broad, compressed bodies, and usually bright colors.

Chaetodont (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chaetodonts or the family Chaetodontidae.

Chaetognath (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chaetognatha.

Chaetognatha (n. pl.) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.

Chaetopod (a.) Pertaining to the Chaetopoda.

Chaetopod (n.) One of the Chaetopoda.

Chaetopoda (n. pl.) A very extensive order of Annelida, characterized by the presence of lateral setae, or spines, on most or all of the segments. They are divided into two principal groups: Oligochaeta, including the earthworms and allied forms, and Polychaeta, including most of the marine species.

Chaetotaxy (n.) The arrangement of bristles on an insect.

Chafed (imp. & p. p.) of Chafe

Chafing (p pr. & vb. n.) of Chafe

Chafe (v. t.) To excite heat in by friction; to rub in order to stimulate and make warm.

Chafe (v. t.) To excite passion or anger in; to fret; to irritate.

Chafe (v. t.) To fret and wear by rubbing; as, to chafe a cable.

Chafe (v. i.) To rub; to come together so as to wear by rubbing; to wear by friction.

Chafe (v. i.) To be worn by rubbing; as, a cable chafes.

Chafe (v. i.) To have a feeling of vexation; to be vexed; to fret; to be irritated.

Chafe (n.) Heat excited by friction.

Chafe (n.) Injury or wear caused by friction.

Chafe (n.) Vexation; irritation of mind; rage.

Chafer (n.) One who chafes.

Chafer (n.) A vessel for heating water; -- hence, a dish or pan.

Chafer (n.) A kind of beetle; the cockchafer. The name is also applied to other species; as, the rose chafer.

Chafery (v. t.) An open furnace or forge, in which blooms are heated before being wrought into bars.

Chafewax (n.) Alt. of Chaffwax

Chaffwax (n.) Formerly a chancery officer who fitted wax for sealing writs and other documents.

Chafeweed (n.) The cudweed (Gnaphalium), used to prevent or cure chafing.

Chaff (n.) The glumes or husks of grains and grasses separated from the seed by threshing and winnowing, etc.

Chaff (n.) Anything of a comparatively light and worthless character; the refuse part of anything.

Chaff (n.) Straw or hay cut up fine for the food of cattle.

Chaff (n.) Light jesting talk; banter; raillery.

Chaff (n.) The scales or bracts on the receptacle, which subtend each flower in the heads of many Compositae, as the sunflower.

Chaffed (imp. & p. p.) of Chaff

Chaffing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaff

Chaff (v. i.) To use light, idle language by way of fun or ridicule; to banter.

Chaff (v. t.) To make fun of; to turn into ridicule by addressing in ironical or bantering language; to quiz.

Chaffer (n.) One who chaffs.

Chaffer (n.) Bargaining; merchandise.

Chaffered (imp. & p. p.) of Chaffer

Chaffering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaffer

Chaffer (n.) To treat or dispute about a purchase; to bargain; to haggle or higgle; to negotiate.

Chaffer (n.) To talk much and idly; to chatter.

Chaffer (v. t.) To buy or sell; to trade in.

Chaffer (v. t.) To exchange; to bandy, as words.

Chafferer (n.) One who chaffers; a bargainer.

Chaffern (v. t.) A vessel for heating water.

Chaffery (n.) Traffic; bargaining.

Chaffinch (n.) A bird of Europe (Fringilla coelebs), having a variety of very sweet songs, and highly valued as a cage bird; -- called also copper finch.

Chaffing (n.) The use of light, frivolous language by way of fun or ridicule; raillery; banter.

Chaffless (a.) Without chaff.

Chaffy (a.) Abounding in, or resembling, chaff.

Chaffy (a.) Light or worthless as chaff.

Chaffy (a.) Resembling chaff; composed of light dry scales.

Chaffy (a.) Bearing or covered with dry scales, as the under surface of certain ferns, or the disk of some composite flowers.

Chafing (v. t.) The act of rubbing, or wearing by friction; making by rubbing.

Chagreen (n.) See Shagreen.

Chagrin (n.) Vexation; mortification.

Chagrined (imp. & p. p.) of Chagrin

Chargrining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chagrin

Chagrin (n.) To excite ill-humor in; to vex; to mortify; as, he was not a little chagrined.

Chagrin (v. i.) To be vexed or annoyed.

Chagrin (a.) Chagrined.

Chain (n.) A series of links or rings, usually of metal, connected, or fitted into one another, used for various purposes, as of support, of restraint, of ornament, of the exertion and transmission of mechanical power, etc.

Chain (n.) That which confines, fetters, or secures, as a chain; a bond; as, the chains of habit.

Chain (n.) A series of things linked together; or a series of things connected and following each other in succession; as, a chain of mountains; a chain of events or ideas.

Chain (n.) An instrument which consists of links and is used in measuring land.

Chain (n.) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the channels.

Chain (n.) The warp threads of a web.

Chained (imp. p. p.) of Chain

Chaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chain

Chain (v. t.) To fasten, bind, or connect with a chain; to fasten or bind securely, as with a chain; as, to chain a bulldog.

Chain (v. t.) To keep in slavery; to enslave.

Chain (v. t.) To unite closely and strongly.

Chain (v. t.) To measure with the chain.

Chain (v. t.) To protect by drawing a chain across, as a harbor.

Chainless (a.) Having no chain; not restrained or fettered.

Chainlet (n.) A small chain.

Chain pump () A pump consisting of an endless chain, running over a drum or wheel by which it is moved, and dipping below the water to be raised. The chain has at intervals disks or lifts which fit the tube through which the ascending part passes and carry the water to the point of discharge.

Chain stitch () An ornamental stitch like the links of a chain; -- used in crocheting, sewing, and embroidery.

Chain stitch () A stitch in which the looping of the thread or threads forms a chain on the under side of the work; the loop stitch, as distinguished from the lock stitch. See Stitch.

Chain wheel () A chain pulley, or sprocket wheel.

Chain wheel () An inversion of the chain pump, by which it becomes a motor driven by water.

Chainwork (n.) Work looped or linked after the manner of a chain; chain stitch work.

Chair (n.) A movable single seat with a back.

Chair (n.) An official seat, as of a chief magistrate or a judge, but esp. that of a professor; hence, the office itself.

Chair (n.) The presiding officer of an assembly; a chairman; as, to address the chair.

Chair (n.) A vehicle for one person; either a sedan borne upon poles, or two-wheeled carriage, drawn by one horse; a gig.

Chair (n.) An iron block used on railways to support the rails and secure them to the sleepers.

Chaired (imp. & p. pr.) of Chair

Chairing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chair

Chair (v. t.) To place in a chair.

Chair (v. t.) To carry publicly in a chair in triumph.

Chairmen (pl. ) of Chairman

Chairman (n.) The presiding officer of a committee, or of a public or private meeting, or of any organized body.

Chairman (n.) One whose business it is to cary a chair or sedan.

Chairmanship (n.) The office of a chairman of a meeting or organized body.

Chaise (n.) A two-wheeled carriage for two persons, with a calash top, and the body hung on leather straps, or thorough-braces. It is usually drawn by one horse.

Chaise (n.) a carriage in general.

Chaja (n.) The crested screamer of Brazil (Palamedea, / Chauna, chavaria), so called in imitation of its notes; -- called also chauna, and faithful kamichi. It is often domesticated and is useful in guarding other poultry. See Kamichi.

Chalazas (pl. ) of Chalaza

Chalazae (pl. ) of Chalaza

Chalaza (n.) The place on an ovule, or seed, where its outer coats cohere with each other and the nucleus.

Chalaza (n.) A spiral band of thickened albuminous substance which exists in the white of the bird's egg, and serves to maintain the yolk in its position; the treadle.

Chalazal (a.) Of or pertaining to the chalaza.

Chalaze (n.) Same as Chalaza.

Chalaziferous (a.) Having or bearing chalazas.

Chalazion (n.) A small circumscribed tumor of the eyelid caused by retention of secretion, and by inflammation of the Melbomian glands.

Chalcanthite (n.) Native blue vitriol. See Blue vitriol, under Blue.

Chalcedonic (a.) Of or pertaining to chalcedony.

Chalcedonies (pl. ) of Chalcedony

Chalcedony (n.) A cryptocrystalline, translucent variety of quartz, having usually a whitish color, and a luster nearly like wax.

Chalchihuitl (n.) The Mexican name for turquoise. See Turquoise.

Chalcid fly () One of a numerous family of hymenopterous insects (Chalcididae. Many are gallflies, others are parasitic on insects.

Chalcidian (n.) One of a tropical family of snakelike lizards (Chalcidae), having four small or rudimentary legs.

Chalcocite (n.) Native copper sulphide, called also copper glance, and vitreous copper; a mineral of a black color and metallic luster.

Chalcographer (n.) Alt. of Chalcographist

Chalcographist (n.) An engraver on copper or brass; hence, an engraver of copper plates for printing upon paper.

Chalcography (n.) The act or art of engraving on copper or brass, especially of engraving for printing.

Chalcopyrite (n.) Copper pyrites, or yellow copper ore; a common ore of copper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur. It occurs massive and in tetragonal crystals of a bright brass yellow color.

Chaldaic (a.) Of or pertaining to Chaldea.

Chaldaic (n.) The language or dialect of the Chaldeans; Chaldee.

Chaldaism (n.) An idiom or peculiarity in the Chaldee dialect.

Chaldean (a.) Of or pertaining to Chaldea.

Chaldean (n.) A native or inhabitant of Chaldea.

Chaldean (n.) A learned man, esp. an astrologer; -- so called among the Eastern nations, because astrology and the kindred arts were much cultivated by the Chaldeans.

Chaldean (n.) Nestorian.

Chaldee (a.) Of or pertaining to Chaldea.

Chaldee (n.) The language or dialect of the Chaldeans; eastern Aramaic, or the Aramaic used in Chaldea.

Chaldrich (n.) Alt. of Chalder

Chalder (n.) A kind of bird; the oyster catcher.

Chaldron (n.) An English dry measure, being, at London, 36 bushels heaped up, or its equivalent weight, and more than twice as much at Newcastle. Now used exclusively for coal and coke.

Chalet (n.) A herdsman's hut in the mountains of Switzerland.

Chalet (n.) A summer cottage or country house in the Swiss mountains; any country house built in the style of the Swiss cottages.

Chalice (n.) A cup or bowl; especially, the cup used in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper.

Chaliced (a.) Having a calyx or cup; cup-shaped.

Chalk (n.) A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate, and having the same composition as common limestone.

Chalk (n.) Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and black lead, or the like, used in the same manner. See Crayon.

Chalked (imp. & p. p.) of Chalk

Chalking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chalk

Chalk (v. t.) To rub or mark with chalk.

Chalk (v. t.) To manure with chalk, as land.

Chalk (v. t.) To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach.

Chalkcutter (n.) A man who digs chalk.

Chalkiness (n.) The state of being chalky.

Chalkstone (n.) A mass of chalk.

Chalkstone (n.) A chalklike concretion, consisting mainly of urate of sodium, found in and about the small joints, in the external ear, and in other situations, in those affected with gout; a tophus.

Chalky (a.) Consisting of, or resembling, chalk; containing chalk; as, a chalky cliff; a chalky taste.

Challenge (n.) An invitation to engage in a contest or controversy of any kind; a defiance; specifically, a summons to fight a duel; also, the letter or message conveying the summons.

Challenge (n.) The act of a sentry in halting any one who appears at his post, and demanding the countersign.

Challenge (n.) A claim or demand.

Challenge (n.) The opening and crying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game.

Challenge (n.) An exception to a juror or to a member of a court martial, coupled with a demand that he should be held incompetent to act; the claim of a party that a certain person or persons shall not sit in trial upon him or his cause.

Challenge (n.) An exception to a person as not legally qualified to vote. The challenge must be made when the ballot is offered.

Challenged (imp. & p. p.) of Challenge

Challenging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Challenge

Challenge (n.) To call to a contest of any kind; to call to answer; to defy.

Challenge (n.) To call, invite, or summon to answer for an offense by personal combat.

Challenge (n.) To claim as due; to demand as a right.

Challenge (n.) To censure; to blame.

Challenge (n.) To question or demand the countersign from (one who attempts to pass the lines); as, the sentinel challenged us, with "Who comes there?"

Challenge (n.) To take exception to; question; as, to challenge the accuracy of a statement or of a quotation.

Challenge (n.) To object to or take exception to, as to a juror, or member of a court.

Challenge (n.) To object to the reception of the vote of, as on the ground that the person in not qualified as a voter.

Challenge (v. i.) To assert a right; to claim a place.

Challengeable (a.) That may be challenged.

Challenger (n.) One who challenges.

Challis (n.) A soft and delicate woolen, or woolen and silk, fabric, for ladies' dresses.

Chalon (n.) A bed blanket.

Chalybean (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chalybes, an ancient people of Pontus in Asia Minor, celebrated for working in iron and steel.

Chalybean (a.) Of superior quality and temper; -- applied to steel.

Chalybeate (a.) Impregnated with salts of iron; having a taste like iron; as, chalybeate springs.

Chalybeate (n.) Any water, liquid, or medicine, into which iron enters as an ingredient.

Chalybeous (a.) Steel blue; of the color of tempered steel.

Chalybite (n.) Native iron carbonate; -- usually called siderite.

Cham (v. t.) To chew.

Cham (n.) The sovereign prince of Tartary; -- now usually written khan.

Chamade (n.) A signal made for a parley by beat of a drum.

Chamal (n.) The Angora goat. See Angora goat, under Angora.

Chamber (n.) A retired room, esp. an upper room used for sleeping; a bedroom; as, the house had four chambers.

Chamber (n.) Apartments in a lodging house.

Chamber (n.) A hall, as where a king gives audience, or a deliberative body or assembly meets; as, presence chamber; senate chamber.

Chamber (n.) A legislative or judicial body; an assembly; a society or association; as, the Chamber of Deputies; the Chamber of Commerce.

Chamber (n.) A compartment or cell; an inclosed space or cavity; as, the chamber of a canal lock; the chamber of a furnace; the chamber of the eye.

Chamber (n.) A room or rooms where a lawyer transacts business; a room or rooms where a judge transacts such official business as may be done out of court.

Chamber (n.) A chamber pot.

Chamber (n.) That part of the bore of a piece of ordnance which holds the charge, esp. when of different diameter from the rest of the bore; -- formerly, in guns, made smaller than the bore, but now larger, esp. in breech-loading guns.

Chamber (n.) A cavity in a mine, usually of a cubical form, to contain the powder.

Chamber (n.) A short piece of ordnance or cannon, which stood on its breech, without any carriage, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical cannonades.

Chambered (imp. & p. p.) of Chamber

Chambering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chamber

Chamber (v. i.) To reside in or occupy a chamber or chambers.

Chamber (v. i.) To be lascivious.

Chamber (v. t.) To shut up, as in a chamber.

Chamber (v. t.) To furnish with a chamber; as, to chamber a gun.

Chambered (a.) Having a chamber or chambers; as, a chambered shell; a chambered gun.

Chamberer (n.) One who attends in a chamber; a chambermaid.

Chamberer (n.) A civilian; a carpetmonger.

Chambering (n.) Lewdness.

Chamberlain (n.) An officer or servant who has charge of a chamber or chambers.

Chamberlain (n.) An upper servant of an inn.

Chamberlain (n.) An officer having the direction and management of the private chambers of a nobleman or monarch; hence, in Europe, one of the high officers of a court.

Chamberlain (n.) A treasurer or receiver of public money; as, the chamberlain of London, of North Wales, etc.

Chamberlainship (n.) Office of a chamberlain.

Chambermaid (n.) A maidservant who has the care of chambers, making the beds, sweeping, cleaning the rooms, etc.

Chambermaid (n.) A lady's maid.

Chambertin (n.) A red wine from Chambertin near Dijon, in Burgundy.

Chambrel (n.) Same as Gambrel.

Chameck (n.) A kind of spider monkey (Ateles chameck), having the thumbs rudimentary and without a nail.

Chameleon (n.) A lizardlike reptile of the genus Chamaeleo, of several species, found in Africa, Asia, and Europe. The skin is covered with fine granulations; the tail is prehensile, and the body is much compressed laterally, giving it a high back.

Chameleonize (v. t.) To change into various colors.

Chamfer (n.) The surface formed by cutting away the arris, or angle, formed by two faces of a piece of timber, stone, etc.

Chamfered (imp. & p. p.) of Chamfer

Chamfering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chamfer

Chamfer (v. t.) To cut a furrow in, as in a column; to groove; to channel; to flute.

Chamfer (v. t.) To make a chamfer on.

Chamfret (n.) A small gutter; a furrow; a groove.

Chamfret (n.) A chamfer.

Chamfron (n.) The frontlet, or head armor, of a horse.

Chamlet (n.) See Camlet.

Chamois (n.) A small species of antelope (Rupicapra tragus), living on the loftiest mountain ridges of Europe, as the Alps, Pyrenees, etc. It possesses remarkable agility, and is a favorite object of chase.

Chamois (n.) A soft leather made from the skin of the chamois, or from sheepskin, etc.; -- called also chamois leather, and chammy or shammy leather. See Shammy.

Chamomile (n.) See Camomile.

Champed (imp. & p. p.) of Champ

Champing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Champ

Champ (v. t.) To bite with repeated action of the teeth so as to be heard.

Champ (v. t.) To bite into small pieces; to crunch.

Champ (v. i.) To bite or chew impatiently.

Champ (n.) Alt. of Champe

Champe (n.) The field or ground on which carving appears in relief.

Champagne (n.) A light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France.

Champaign (n.) A flat, open country.

Champaign (a.) Flat; open; level.

Champer (n.) One who champs, or bites.

Champertor (n.) One guilty of champerty; one who purchases a suit, or the right of suing, and carries it on at his own expense, in order to obtain a share of the gain.

Champerty (n.) Partnership in power; equal share of authority.

Champerty (n.) The prosecution or defense of a suit, whether by furnishing money or personal services, by one who has no legitimate concern therein, in consideration of an agreement that he shall receive, in the event of success, a share of the matter in suit; maintenance with the addition of an agreement to divide the thing in suit. See Maintenance.

Champignon (n.) An edible species of mushroom (Agaricus campestris).

Chappion (n.) One who engages in any contest; esp. one who in ancient times contended in single combat in behalf of another's honor or rights; or one who acts or speaks in behalf of a person or a cause; a defender; an advocate; a hero.

Chappion (n.) One who by defeating all rivals, has obtained an acknowledged supremacy in any branch of athetics or game of skill, and is ready to contend with any rival; as, the champion of England.

Championed (imp. & p. p.) of Champion

Championing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Champion

Champion (v. t.) To furnish with a champion; to attend or defend as champion; to support or maintain; to protect.

Championness (n.) A female champion.

Championship (n.) State of being champion; leadership; supremacy.

Champlain period () A subdivision of the Quaternary age immediately following the Glacial period; -- so named from beds near Lake Champlain.

Chamsin (n.) See Kamsin.

Chance (n.) A supposed material or psychical agent or mode of activity other than a force, law, or purpose; fortune; fate; -- in this sense often personified.

Chance (n.) The operation or activity of such agent.

Chance (n.) The supposed effect of such an agent; something that befalls, as the result of unknown or unconsidered forces; the issue of uncertain conditions; an event not calculated upon; an unexpected occurrence; a happening; accident; fortuity; casualty.

Chance (n.) A possibility; a likelihood; an opportunity; -- with reference to a doubtful result; as, a chance to escape; a chance for life; the chances are all against him.

Chance (n.) Probability.

Chanced (imp. & p. p.) of Chance

Chancing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chance

Chance (v. i.) To happen, come, or arrive, without design or expectation.

Chance (v. t.) To take the chances of; to venture upon; -- usually with it as object.

Chance (v. t.) To befall; to happen to.

Chance (a.) Happening by chance; casual.

Chance (adv.) By chance; perchance.

Chanceable (a.) Fortuitous; casual.

Chanceably (adv.) By chance.

Chanceful (a.) Hazardous.

Chancel (v. t.) That part of a church, reserved for the use of the clergy, where the altar, or communion table, is placed.

Chancel (v. t.) All that part of a cruciform church which is beyond the line of the transept farthest from the main front.

Chancellery (n.) Chancellorship.

Chancellor (n.) A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.

Chancellorship (n.) The office of a chancellor; the time during which one is chancellor.

Chance-medley (n.) The killing of another in self-defense upon a sudden and unpremeditated encounter. See Chaud-Medley.

Chance-medley (n.) Luck; chance; accident.

Chancery (n.) In England, formerly, the highest court of judicature next to the Parliament, exercising jurisdiction at law, but chiefly in equity; but under the jurisdiction act of 1873 it became the chancery division of the High Court of Justice, and now exercises jurisdiction only in equity.

Chancery (n.) In the Unites States, a court of equity; equity; proceeding in equity.

Chancre (n.) A venereal sore or ulcer; specifically, the initial lesion of true syphilis, whether forming a distinct ulcer or not; -- called also hard chancre, indurated chancre, and Hunterian chancre.

Chancroid (n.) A venereal sore, resembling a chancre in its seat and some external characters, but differing from it in being the starting point of a purely local process and never of a systemic disease; -- called also soft chancre.

Chancrous (a.) Of the nature of a chancre; having chancre.

Chandelier (n.) A candlestick, lamp, stand, gas fixture, or the like, having several branches; esp., one hanging from the ceiling.

Chandelier (n.) A movable parapet, serving to support fascines to cover pioneers.

Chandler (n.) A maker or seller of candles.

Chandler (n.) A dealer in other commodities, which are indicated by a word prefixed; as, ship chandler, corn chandler.

Chandlerly (a.) Like a chandler; in a petty way.

Chandlery (n.) Commodities sold by a chandler.

Chandoo (n.) An extract or preparation of opium, used in China and India for smoking.

Chandry (n.) Chandlery.

Chanfrin (n.) The fore part of a horse's head.

Changed (imp. & p. p.) of Change

Changing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Change

Change (v. t.) To alter; to make different; to cause to pass from one state to another; as, to change the position, character, or appearance of a thing; to change the countenance.

Change (v. t.) To alter by substituting something else for, or by giving up for something else; as, to change the clothes; to change one's occupation; to change one's intention.

Change (v. t.) To give and take reciprocally; to exchange; -- followed by with; as, to change place, or hats, or money, with another.

Change (v. t.) Specifically: To give, or receive, smaller denominations of money (technically called change) for; as, to change a gold coin or a bank bill.

Change (v. i.) To be altered; to undergo variation; as, men sometimes change for the better.

Change (v. i.) To pass from one phase to another; as, the moon changes to-morrow night.

Change (v. t.) Any variation or alteration; a passing from one state or form to another; as, a change of countenance; a change of habits or principles.

Change (v. t.) A succesion or substitution of one thing in the place of another; a difference; novelty; variety; as, a change of seasons.

Change (v. t.) A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon.

Change (v. t.) Alteration in the order of a series; permutation.

Change (v. t.) That which makes a variety, or may be substituted for another.

Change (v. t.) Small money; the money by means of which the larger coins and bank bills are made available in small dealings; hence, the balance returned when payment is tendered by a coin or note exceeding the sum due.

Change (v. t.) A place where merchants and others meet to transact business; a building appropriated for mercantile transactions.

Change (v. t.) A public house; an alehouse.

Change (v. t.) Any order in which a number of bells are struck, other than that of the diatonic scale.

Changeability (n.) Changeableness.

Changeable (a.) Capable of change; subject to alteration; mutable; variable; fickle; inconstant; as, a changeable humor.

Changeable (a.) Appearing different, as in color, in different lights, or under different circumstances; as, changeable silk.

Changeableness (n.) The quality of being changeable; fickleness; inconstancy; mutability.

Changeably (adv.) In a changeable manner.

Changeful (a.) Full of change; mutable; inconstant; fickle; uncertain.

Changeless (a.) That can not be changed; constant; as, a changeless purpose.

Changeling (n.) One who, or that which, is left or taken in the place of another, as a child exchanged by fairies.

Changeling (n.) A simpleton; an idiot.

Changeling (n.) One apt to change; a waverer.

Changeling (a.) Taken or left in place of another; changed.

Changeling (a.) Given to change; inconstant.

Changer (n.) One who changes or alters the form of anything.

Changer (n.) One who deals in or changes money.

Changer (n.) One apt to change; an inconstant person.

Chank (n.) The East Indian name for the large spiral shell of several species of sea conch much used in making bangles, esp. Turbinella pyrum. Called also chank chell.

Channel (n.) The hollow bed where a stream of water runs or may run.

Channel (n.) The deeper part of a river, harbor, strait, etc., where the main current flows, or which affords the best and safest passage for vessels.

Channel (n.) A strait, or narrow sea, between two portions of lands; as, the British Channel.

Channel (n.) That through which anything passes; means of passing, conveying, or transmitting; as, the news was conveyed to us by different channels.

Channel (n.) A gutter; a groove, as in a fluted column.

Channel (n.) Flat ledges of heavy plank bolted edgewise to the outside of a vessel, to increase the spread of the shrouds and carry them clear of the bulwarks.

Channeled (imp. & p. p.) of Channel

Channelled () of Channel

Channeling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Channel

Channelling () of Channel

Channel (v. t.) To form a channel in; to cut or wear a channel or channels in; to groove.

Channel (v. t.) To course through or over, as in a channel.

Channeling (n.) The act or process of forming a channel or channels.

Channeling (n.) A channel or a system of channels; a groove.

Chanson (n.) A song.

Chansonnettes (pl. ) of Chansonnette

Chansonnette (n.) A little song.

Chanted (imp. & p. p.) of Chant

Chanting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chant

Chant (v. t.) To utter with a melodious voice; to sing.

Chant (v. t.) To celebrate in song.

Chant (v. t.) To sing or recite after the manner of a chant, or to a tune called a chant.

Chant (v. i.) To make melody with the voice; to sing.

Chant (v. i.) To sing, as in reciting a chant.

Chant (v. t.) Song; melody.

Chant (v. t.) A short and simple melody, divided into two parts by double bars, to which unmetrical psalms, etc., are sung or recited. It is the most ancient form of choral music.

Chant (v. t.) A psalm, etc., arranged for chanting.

Chant (v. t.) Twang; manner of speaking; a canting tone.

Chantant (a.) Composed in a melodious and singing style.

Chanter (n.) One who chants; a singer or songster.

Chanter (n.) The chief singer of the chantry.

Chanter (n.) The flute or finger pipe in a bagpipe. See Bagpipe.

Chanter (n.) The hedge sparrow.

Chanterelle (n.) A name for several species of mushroom, of which one (Cantharellus cibrius) is edible, the others reputed poisonous.

Chanticleer (n.) A cock, so called from the clearness or loudness of his voice in crowing.

Chanting (n.) Singing, esp. as a chant is sung.

Chantor (n.) A chanter.

Chantress (n.) A female chanter or singer.

Chantries (pl. ) of Chantry

Chantry (n.) An endowment or foundation for the chanting of masses and offering of prayers, commonly for the founder.

Chantry (n.) A chapel or altar so endowed.

Chaomancy (n.) Divination by means of appearances in the air.

Chaos (n.) An empty, immeasurable space; a yawning chasm.

Chaos (n.) The confused, unorganized condition or mass of matter before the creation of distinct and orderly forms.

Chaos (n.) Any confused or disordered collection or state of things; a confused mixture; confusion; disorder.

Chaotic (a.) Resembling chaos; confused.

Chaotically (adv.) In a chaotic manner.

Chapped (imp. & p. p.) of Chap

Chapping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chap

Chap (v. t.) To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.

Chap (v. t.) To strike; to beat.

Chap (v. i.) To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.

Chap (v. i.) To strike; to knock; to rap.

Chap (n.) A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.

Chap (n.) A division; a breach, as in a party.

Chap (n.) A blow; a rap.

Chap (n.) One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.

Chap (n.) One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.

Chap (n.) A buyer; a chapman.

Chap (n.) A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.

Chap (v. i.) To bargain; to buy.

Chaparral (n.) A thicket of low evergreen oaks.

Chaparral (n.) An almost impenetrable thicket or succession of thickets of thorny shrubs and brambles.

Chapbook (n.) Any small book carried about for sale by chapmen or hawkers. Hence, any small book; a toy book.

Chape (n.) The piece by which an object is attached to something, as the frog of a scabbard or the metal loop at the back of a buckle by which it is fastened to a strap.

Chape (n.) The transverse guard of a sword or dagger.

Chape (n.) The metal plate or tip which protects the end of a scabbard, belt, etc.

Chapeux (pl. ) of Chapeau

Chapeau (n.) A hat or covering for the head.

Chapeau (n.) A cap of maintenance. See Maintenance.

Chaped (p. p. / a.) Furnished with a chape or chapes.

Chapel (n.) A subordinate place of worship

Chapel (n.) a small church, often a private foundation, as for a memorial

Chapel (n.) a small building attached to a church

Chapel (n.) a room or recess in a church, containing an altar.

Chapel (n.) A place of worship not connected with a church; as, the chapel of a palace, hospital, or prison.

Chapel (n.) In England, a place of worship used by dissenters from the Established Church; a meetinghouse.

Chapel (n.) A choir of singers, or an orchestra, attached to the court of a prince or nobleman.

Chapel (n.) A printing office, said to be so called because printing was first carried on in England in a chapel near Westminster Abbey.

Chapel (n.) An association of workmen in a printing office.

Chapel (v. t.) To deposit or inter in a chapel; to enshrine.

Chapel (v. t.) To cause (a ship taken aback in a light breeze) so to turn or make a circuit as to recover, without bracing the yards, the same tack on which she had been sailing.

Chapeless (a.) Without a chape.

Chapelet (n.) A pair of straps, with stirrups, joined at the top and fastened to the pommel or the frame of the saddle, after they have been adjusted to the convenience of the rider.

Chapelet (n.) A kind of chain pump, or dredging machine.

Chapellanies (pl. ) of Chapellany

Chapellany (n.) A chapel within the jurisdiction of a church; a subordinate ecclesiastical foundation.

Chapelry (n.) The territorial district legally assigned to a chapel.

Chaperon (n.) A hood; especially, an ornamental or an official hood.

Chaperon (n.) A device placed on the foreheads of horses which draw the hearse in pompous funerals.

Chaperon (n.) A matron who accompanies a young lady in public, for propriety, or as a guide and protector.

Chaperoned (imp. & p. p.) of Chaperon

Chaperoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaperon

Chaperon (v. t.) To attend in public places as a guide and protector; to matronize.

Chaperonage (n.) Attendance of a chaperon on a lady in public; protection afforded by a chaperon.

Chapfallen (a.) Having the lower chap or jaw drooping, -- an indication of humiliation and dejection; crestfallen; discouraged. See Chopfallen.

Chapiter (n.) A capital [Obs.] See Chapital.

Chapiter (n.) A summary in writing of such matters as are to be inquired of or presented before justices in eyre, or justices of assize, or of the peace, in their sessions; -- also called articles.

Chaplain (n.) An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs religious service in a chapel.

Chaplain (n.) A clergyman who is officially attached to the army or navy, to some public institution, or to a family or court, for the purpose of performing divine service.

Chaplain (n.) Any person (clergyman or layman) chosen to conduct religious exercises for a society, etc.; as, a chaplain of a Masonic or a temperance lodge.

Chaplaincy (n.) The office, position, or station of a chaplain.

Chaplainship (n.) The office or business of a chaplain.

Chaplainship (n.) The possession or revenue of a chapel.

Chapless (a.) Having no lower jaw; hence, fleshless.

Chaplet (n.) A garland or wreath to be worn on the head.

Chaplet (n.) A string of beads, or part of a string, used by Roman Catholic in praying; a third of a rosary, or fifty beads.

Chaplet (n.) A small molding, carved into beads, pearls, olives, etc.

Chaplet (n.) A chapelet. See Chapelet, 1.

Chaplet (n.) A bent piece of sheet iron, or a pin with thin plates on its ends, for holding a core in place in the mold.

Chaplet (n.) A tuft of feathers on a peacock's head.

Chaplet (n.) A small chapel or shrine.

Chapleted (imp. & p. p.) of Chaplet

Chaplet (v. t.) To adorn with a chaplet or with flowers.

Chapmen (pl. ) of Chapman

Chapman (n.) One who buys and sells; a merchant; a buyer or a seller.

Chapman (n.) A peddler; a hawker.

Chappy () Full of chaps; cleft; gaping; open.

Chaps (n. pl.) The jaws, or the fleshy parts about them. See Chap.

Chapter (n.) A division of a book or treatise; as, Genesis has fifty chapters.

Chapter (n.) An assembly of monks, or of the prebends and other clergymen connected with a cathedral, conventual, or collegiate church, or of a diocese, usually presided over by the dean.

Chapter (n.) A community of canons or canonesses.

Chapter (n.) A bishop's council.

Chapter (n.) A business meeting of any religious community.

Chapter (n.) An organized branch of some society or fraternity as of the Freemasons.

Chapter (n.) A meeting of certain organized societies or orders.

Chapter (n.) A chapter house.

Chapter (n.) A decretal epistle.

Chapter (n.) A location or compartment.

Chapter (v. t.) To divide into chapters, as a book.

Chapter (v. t.) To correct; to bring to book, i. e., to demand chapter and verse.

Chaptrel (n.) An impost.

Char (n.) Alt. of Charr

Charr (n.) One of the several species of fishes of the genus Salvelinus, allied to the spotted trout and salmon, inhabiting deep lakes in mountainous regions in Europe. In the United States, the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is sometimes called a char.

Char (n.) A car; a chariot.

Char (n.) Work done by the day; a single job, or task; a chore.

Char (v. t.) Alt. of Chare

Chare (v. t.) To perform; to do; to finish.

Chare (v. t.) To work or hew, as stone.

Char (v. i.) Alt. of Chare

Chare (v. i.) To work by the day, without being a regularly hired servant; to do small jobs.

Charred (imp. & p. p.) of Char

Charring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Char

Char (n.) To reduce to coal or carbon by exposure to heat; to reduce to charcoal; to burn to a cinder.

Char (n.) To burn slightly or partially; as, to char wood.

Chara (n.) A genus of flowerless plants, having articulated stems and whorled branches. They flourish in wet places.

Chars-a-banc (pl. ) of Char-a-bancs

Char-a-bancs (n.) A long, light, open vehicle, with benches or seats running lengthwise.

Charact (n.) A distinctive mark; a character; a letter or sign. [Obs.] See Character.

Character (n.) A distinctive mark; a letter, figure, or symbol.

Character (n.) Style of writing or printing; handwriting; the peculiar form of letters used by a particular person or people; as, an inscription in the Runic character.

Character (n.) The peculiar quality, or the sum of qualities, by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others; the stamp impressed by nature, education, or habit; that which a person or thing really is; nature; disposition.

Character (n.) Strength of mind; resolution; independence; individuality; as, he has a great deal of character.

Character (n.) Moral quality; the principles and motives that control the life; as, a man of character; his character saves him from suspicion.

Character (n.) Quality, position, rank, or capacity; quality or conduct with respect to a certain office or duty; as, in the miserable character of a slave; in his character as a magistrate; her character as a daughter.

Character (n.) The estimate, individual or general, put upon a person or thing; reputation; as, a man's character for truth and veracity; to give one a bad character.

Character (n.) A written statement as to behavior, competency, etc., given to a servant.

Character (n.) A unique or extraordinary individuality; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits; a person who illustrates certain phases of character; as, Randolph was a character; Caesar is a great historical character.

Character (n.) One of the persons of a drama or novel.

Charactered (imp. & p. p.) of Character

Character (v. t.) To engrave; to inscribe.

Character (v. t.) To distinguish by particular marks or traits; to describe; to characterize.

Characterism (n.) A distinction of character; a characteristic.

Characteristic (a.) Pertaining to, or serving to constitute, the character; showing the character, or distinctive qualities or traits, of a person or thing; peculiar; distinctive.

Characteristic (n.) A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized.

Characteristic (n.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.

Characteristical (a.) Characteristic.

Characteristically (adv.) In a characteristic manner; in a way that characterizes.

Characterization (n.) The act or process of characterizing.

Characterized (imp. & p. p.) of Characterize

Characterizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Characterize

Characterize (v. t.) To make distinct and recognizable by peculiar marks or traits; to make with distinctive features.

Characterize (v. t.) To engrave or imprint.

Characterize (v. t.) To indicate the character of; to describe.

Characterize (v. t.) To be a characteristic of; to make, or express the character of.

Characterless (a.) Destitute of any distinguishing quality; without character or force.

Charactery (n.) The art or means of characterizing; a system of signs or characters; symbolism; distinctive mark.

Charactery (n.) That which is charactered; the meaning.

Charade (n.) A verbal or acted enigma based upon a word which has two or more significant syllables or parts, each of which, as well as the word itself, is to be guessed from the descriptions or representations.

Charbocle (n.) Carbuncle.

Charbon (n.) A small black spot or mark remaining in the cavity of the corner tooth of a horse after the large spot or mark has become obliterated.

Charbon (n.) A very contagious and fatal disease of sheep, horses, and cattle. See Maligmant pustule.

Charcoal (v. t.) Impure carbon prepared from vegetable or animal substances; esp., coal made by charring wood in a kiln, retort, etc., from which air is excluded. It is used for fuel and in various mechanical, artistic, and chemical processes.

Charcoal (v. t.) Finely prepared charcoal in small sticks, used as a drawing implement.

Chard (n.) The tender leaves or leafstalks of the artichoke, white beet, etc., blanched for table use.

Chard (n.) A variety of the white beet, which produces large, succulent leaves and leafstalks.

Chare (n.) A narrow street.

Chare (n. & v.) A chore; to chore; to do. See Char.

Charged (imp. & p. p.) of Charge

Charging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Charge

Charge (v. t.) To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load; to fill.

Charge (v. t.) To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to urge earnestly; as, to charge a jury; to charge the clergy of a diocese; to charge an agent.

Charge (v. t.) To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.

Charge (v. t.) To fix or demand as a price; as, he charges two dollars a barrel for apples.

Charge (v. t.) To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit, as, to charge one with goods. Also, to enter upon the debit side of an account; as, to charge a sum to one.

Charge (v. t.) To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.

Charge (v. t.) To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against (a person or thing); to lay the responsibility (for something said or done) at the door of.

Charge (v. t.) To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold or bear; to load; to fill; as, to charge a gun; to charge an electrical machine, etc.

Charge (v. t.) To ornament with or cause to bear; as, to charge an architectural member with a molding.

Charge (v. t.) To assume as a bearing; as, he charges three roses or; to add to or represent on; as, he charges his shield with three roses or.

Charge (v. t.) To call to account; to challenge.

Charge (v. t.) To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.

Charge (v. i.) To make an onset or rush; as, to charge with fixed bayonets.

Charge (v. i.) To demand a price; as, to charge high for goods.

Charge (v. i.) To debit on an account; as, to charge for purchases.

Charge (v. i.) To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by a sportsman to a dog.

Charge (v. t.) A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.

Charge (v. t.) A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust.

Charge (v. t.) Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office; responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.

Charge (v. t.) Heed; care; anxiety; trouble.

Charge (v. t.) Harm.

Charge (v. t.) An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.

Charge (v. t.) An address (esp. an earnest or impressive address) containing instruction or exhortation; as, the charge of a judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy.

Charge (v. t.) An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation; indictment; specification of something alleged.

Charge (v. t.) Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents, taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; -- usually in the plural.

Charge (v. t.) The price demanded for a thing or service.

Charge (v. t.) An entry or a account of that which is due from one party to another; that which is debited in a business transaction; as, a charge in an account book.

Charge (v. t.) That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel, etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace, machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold, or which is actually in it at one time

Charge (v. t.) The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the signal for attack; as, to sound the charge.

Charge (v. t.) A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack; as, to bring a weapon to the charge.

Charge (v. t.) A soft of plaster or ointment.

Charge (v. t.) A bearing. See Bearing, n., 8.

Charge (n.) Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; -- called also charre.

Charge (n.) Weight; import; value.

Chargeable (a.) That may be charged, laid, imposed, or imputes; as, a duty chargeable on iron; a fault chargeable on a man.

Chargeable (a.) Subject to be charge or accused; liable or responsible; as, revenues chargeable with a claim; a man chargeable with murder.

Chargeable (a.) Serving to create expense; costly; burdensome.

Chargeableness (n.) The quality of being chargeable or expensive.

Chargeably (adv.) At great cost; expensively.

Chargeant (a.) Burdensome; troublesome.

Charges d'affaires (pl. ) of Charge d'affaires

Charge d'affaires (n.) A diplomatic representative, or minister of an inferior grade, accredited by the government of one state to the minister of foreign affairs of another; also, a substitute, ad interim, for an ambassador or minister plenipotentiary.

Chargeful (a.) Costly; expensive.

Chargehouse (n.) A schoolhouse.

Chargeless (a.) Free from, or with little, charge.

Chargeous (a.) Burdensome.

Charger (n.) One who, or that which charges.

Charger (n.) An instrument for measuring or inserting a charge.

Charger (n.) A large dish.

Charger (n.) A horse for battle or parade.

Chargeship (n.) The office of a charge d'affaires.

Charily (adv.) In a chary manner; carefully; cautiously; frugally.

Chariness (n.) The quality of being chary.

Chariot (n.) A two-wheeled car or vehicle for war, racing, state processions, etc.

Chariot (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure or state carriage, having one seat.

Charioted (imp. & p. p.) of Chariot

Charioting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chariot

Chariot (v. t.) To convey in a chariot.

Chariotee (n.) A light, covered, four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two seats.

Charioteer (n.) One who drives a chariot.

Charioteer (n.) A constellation. See Auriga, and Wagones.

Charism (n.) A miraculously given power, as of healing, speaking foreign languages without instruction, etc., attributed to some of the early Christians.

Charismatic (a.) Of or pertaining to a charism.

Charitable (a.) Full of love and good will; benevolent; kind.

Charitable (a.) Liberal in judging of others; disposed to look on the best side, and to avoid harsh judgment.

Charitable (a.) Liberal in benefactions to the poor; giving freely; generous; beneficent.

Charitable (a.) Of or pertaining to charity; springing from, or intended for, charity; relating to almsgiving; eleemosynary; as, a charitable institution.

Charitable (a.) Dictated by kindness; favorable; lenient.

Charitableness (n.) The quality of being charitable; the exercise of charity.

Charitably (adv.) In a charitable manner.

Charities (pl. ) of Charity

Charity (n.) Love; universal benevolence; good will.

Charity (n.) Liberality in judging of men and their actions; a disposition which inclines men to put the best construction on the words and actions of others.

Charity (n.) Liberality to the poor and the suffering, to benevolent institutions, or to worthy causes; generosity.

Charity (n.) Whatever is bestowed gratuitously on the needy or suffering for their relief; alms; any act of kindness.

Charity (n.) A charitable institution, or a gift to create and support such an institution; as, Lady Margaret's charity.

Charity (n.) Eleemosynary appointments [grants or devises] including relief of the poor or friendless, education, religious culture, and public institutions.

Charivari (n.) A mock serenade of discordant noises, made with kettles, tin horns, etc., designed to annoy and insult.

Chark (n.) Charcoal; a cinder.

Charked (imp. & p. p.) of Chark

Chark (v. t.) To burn to a coal; to char.

Charlatan (n.) One who prates much in his own favor, and makes unwarrantable pretensions; a quack; an impostor; an empiric; a mountebank.

Charlatanic (a.) Alt. of Charlatanical

Charlatanical (a.) Of or like a charlatan; making undue pretension; empirical; pretentious; quackish.

Charlatanism (n.) Charlatanry.

Charlatanry (n.) Undue pretensions to skill; quackery; wheedling; empiricism.

Charles's Wain () The group of seven stars, commonly called the Dipper, in the constellation Ursa Major, or Great Bear. See Ursa major, under Ursa.

Charlock (n.) A cruciferous plant (Brassica sinapistrum) with yellow flowers; wild mustard. It is troublesome in grain fields. Called also chardock, chardlock, chedlock, and kedlock.

Charlotte (n.) A kind of pie or pudding made by lining a dish with slices of bread, and filling it with bread soaked in milk, and baked.

Charm (n.) A melody; a song.

Charm (n.) A word or combination of words sung or spoken in the practice of magic; a magical combination of words, characters, etc.; an incantation.

Charm (n.) That which exerts an irresistible power to please and attract; that which fascinates; any alluring quality.

Charm (n.) Anything worn for its supposed efficacy to the wearer in averting ill or securing good fortune.

Charm (n.) Any small decorative object worn on the person, as a seal, a key, a silver whistle, or the like. Bunches of charms are often worn at the watch chain.

Charmed (imp. & p. p.) of Charm

Charming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Charm

Charm (n.) To make music upon; to tune.

Charm (n.) To subdue, control, or summon by incantation or supernatural influence; to affect by magic.

Charm (n.) To subdue or overcome by some secret power, or by that which gives pleasure; to allay; to soothe.

Charm (n.) To attract irresistibly; to delight exceedingly; to enchant; to fascinate.

Charm (n.) To protect with, or make invulnerable by, spells, charms, or supernatural influences; as, a charmed life.

Charm (v. i.) To use magic arts or occult power; to make use of charms.

Charm (v. i.) To act as, or produce the effect of, a charm; to please greatly; to be fascinating.

Charm (v. i.) To make a musical sound.

Charmel (n.) A fruitful field.

Charmer (n.) One who charms, or has power to charm; one who uses the power of enchantment; a magician.

Charmer (n.) One who delights and attracts the affections.

Charmeress (n.) An enchantress.

Charmful (a.) Abounding with charms.

Charming (a.) Pleasing the mind or senses in a high degree; delighting; fascinating; attractive.

Charmless (a.) Destitute of charms.

Charneco (n.) Alt. of Charnico

Charnico (n.) A sort of sweet wine.

Charnel (a.) Containing the bodies of the dead.

Charnel (n.) A charnel house; a grave; a cemetery.

Charon (n.) The son of Erebus and Nox, whose office it was to ferry the souls of the dead over the Styx, a river of the infernal regions.

Charpie (n.) Straight threads obtained by unraveling old linen cloth; -- used for surgical dressings.

Charqui (n.) Jerked beef; beef cut into long strips and dried in the wind and sun.

Charr (n.) See 1st Char.

Charras (n.) The gum resin of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Same as Churrus.

Charre (n.) See Charge, n., 17.

Charry (a.) Pertaining to charcoal, or partaking of its qualities.

Chart (n.) A sheet of paper, pasteboard, or the like, on which information is exhibited, esp. when the information is arranged in tabular form; as, an historical chart.

Chart (n.) A map; esp., a hydrographic or marine map; a map on which is projected a portion of water and the land which it surrounds, or by which it is surrounded, intended especially for the use of seamen; as, the United States Coast Survey charts; the English Admiralty charts.

Chart (n.) A written deed; a charter.

Charted (imp. & p. p.) of Chart

Chart (v. t.) To lay down in a chart; to map; to delineate; as, to chart a coast.

Charta (n.) Material on which instruments, books, etc., are written; parchment or paper.

Charta (n.) A charter or deed; a writing by which a grant is made. See Magna Charta.

Chartaceous (a.) Resembling paper or parchment; of paper-like texture; papery.

Charte (n.) The constitution, or fundamental law, of the French monarchy, as established on the restoration of Louis XVIII., in 1814.

Charter (n.) A written evidence in due form of things done or granted, contracts made, etc., between man and man; a deed, or conveyance.

Charter (n.) An instrument in writing, from the sovereign power of a state or country, executed in due form, bestowing rights, franchises, or privileges.

Charter (n.) An act of a legislative body creating a municipal or other corporation and defining its powers and privileges. Also, an instrument in writing from the constituted authorities of an order or society (as the Freemasons), creating a lodge and defining its powers.

Charter (n.) A special privilege, immunity, or exemption.

Charter (n.) The letting or hiring a vessel by special contract, or the contract or instrument whereby a vessel is hired or let; as, a ship is offered for sale or charter. See Charter party, below.

Chartered (imp. & p. p.) of Charter

Chartering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Charter

Charter (v. t.) To establish by charter.

Charter (v. t.) To hire or let by charter, as a ship. See Charter party, under Charter, n.

Chartered (a.) Granted or established by charter; having, or existing under, a charter; having a privilege by charter.

Chartered (a.) Hired or let by charter, as a ship.

Charterer (n.) One who charters; esp. one who hires a ship for a voyage.

Charterhouse (n.) A well known public school and charitable foundation in the building once used as a Carthusian monastery (Chartreuse) in London.

Charterist (n.) Same as Chartist.

Chartism (n.) The principles of a political party in England (1838-48), which contended for universal suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, equal electoral districts, and other radical reforms, as set forth in a document called the People's Charter.

Chartist (n.) A supporter or partisan of chartism.

Chartless (a.) Without a chart; having no guide.

Chartless (a.) Not mapped; uncharted; vague.

Chartographer (n.) Alt. of Chartography

Chartographic (n.) Alt. of Chartography

Chartography (n.) Same as Cartographer, Cartographic, Cartography, etc.

Chartomancy (n.) Divination by written paper or by cards.

Chartometer (n.) An instrument for measuring charts or maps.

Chartreuse (n.) A Carthusian monastery; esp. La Grande Chartreuse, mother house of the order, in the mountains near Grenoble, France.

Chartreuse (n.) An alcoholic cordial, distilled from aromatic herbs; -- made at La Grande Chartreuse.

Chartreux (n.) A Carthusian.

Chartulary (n.) See Cartulary.

Charwomen (pl. ) of Charwoman

Charwoman (n.) A woman hired for odd work or for single days.

Chary (a.) Careful; wary; cautious; not rash, reckless, or spendthrift; saving; frugal.

Charybdis (n.) A dangerous whirlpool on the coast of Sicily opposite Scylla on the Italian coast. It is personified as a female monster. See Scylla.

Chasable (a.) Capable of being chased; fit for hunting.

Chased (imp. & p. p.) of Chase

Chasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chase

Chase (v. t.) To pursue for the purpose of killing or taking, as an enemy, or game; to hunt.

Chase (v. t.) To follow as if to catch; to pursue; to compel to move on; to drive by following; to cause to fly; -- often with away or off; as, to chase the hens away.

Chase (v. t.) To pursue eagerly, as hunters pursue game.

Chase (v. i.) To give chase; to hunt; as, to chase around after a doctor.

Chase (v.) Vehement pursuit for the purpose of killing or capturing, as of an enemy, or game; an earnest seeking after any object greatly desired; the act or habit of hunting; a hunt.

Chase (v.) That which is pursued or hunted.

Chase (v.) An open hunting ground to which game resorts, and which is private properly, thus differing from a forest, which is not private property, and from a park, which is inclosed. Sometimes written chace.

Chase (v.) A division of the floor of a gallery, marked by a figure or otherwise; the spot where a ball falls, and between which and the dedans the adversary must drive his ball in order to gain a point.

Chase (n.) A rectangular iron frame in which pages or columns of type are imposed.

Chase (n.) The part of a cannon from the reenforce or the trunnions to the swell of the muzzle. See Cannon.

Chase (n.) A groove, or channel, as in the face of a wall; a trench, as for the reception of drain tile.

Chase (n.) A kind of joint by which an overlap joint is changed to a flush joint, by means of a gradually deepening rabbet, as at the ends of clinker-built boats.

Chase (v. t.) To ornament (a surface of metal) by embossing, cutting away parts, and the like.

Chase (v. t.) To cut, so as to make a screw thread.

Chaser (n.) One who or that which chases; a pursuer; a driver; a hunter.

Chaser (n.) Same as Chase gun, esp. in terms bow chaser and stern chaser. See under Bow, Stern.

Chaser (n.) One who chases or engraves. See 5th Chase, and Enchase.

Chaser (n.) A tool with several points, used for cutting or finishing screw threads, either external or internal, on work revolving in a lathe.

Chasible (n.) See Chasuble.

Chasing (n.) The art of ornamenting metal by means of chasing tools; also, a piece of ornamental work produced in this way.

Chasm (n.) A deep opening made by disruption, as a breach in the earth or a rock; a yawning abyss; a cleft; a fissure.

Chasm (n.) A void space; a gap or break, as in ranks of men.

Chasmed (a.) Having gaps or a chasm.

Chasmy (a.) Of or pertaining to a chasm; abounding in chasms.

Chasse (n.) A movement in dancing, as across or to the right or left.

Chasse (v. i.) To make the movement called chasse; as, all chasse; chasse to the right or left.

Chasselas (n.) A white grape, esteemed for the table.

Chassepot (n.) A kind of breechloading, center-fire rifle, or improved needle gun.

Chasseur (n.) One of a body of light troops, cavalry or infantry, trained for rapid movements.

Chasseur (n.) An attendant upon persons of rank or wealth, wearing a plume and sword.

Chassis (n.) A traversing base frame, or movable railway, along which the carriage of a barbette or casemate gun moves backward and forward. [See Gun carriage.]

Chast (v. t.) to chasten.

Chaste (a.) Pure from unlawful sexual intercourse; virtuous; continent.

Chaste (a.) Pure in thought and act; innocent; free from lewdness and obscenity, or indecency in act or speech; modest; as, a chaste mind; chaste eyes.

Chaste (a.) Pure in design and expression; correct; free from barbarisms or vulgarisms; refined; simple; as, a chaste style in composition or art.

Chaste (a.) Unmarried.

Chastely (adv.) In a chaste manner; with purity.

Chastened (imp. & p. p.) of Chasten

Chastening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chasten

Chasten (v. t.) To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod.

Chasten (v. t.) To purify from errors or faults; to refine.

Chastened (a.) Corrected; disciplined; refined; purified; toned down.

Chastener (n.) One who chastens.

Chasteness (n.) Chastity; purity.

Chasteness (n.) Freedom from all that is meretricious, gaudy, or affected; as, chasteness of design.

Chastisable (a.) Capable or deserving of chastisement; punishable.

Chastised (imp. & p. p.) of Chastise

Chastising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chastise

Chastise (v. t.) To inflict pain upon, by means of stripes, or in any other manner, for the purpose of punishment or reformation; to punish, as with stripes.

Chastise (v. t.) To reduce to order or obedience; to correct or purify; to free from faults or excesses.

Chastisement (n.) The act of chastising; pain inflicted for punishment and correction; discipline; punishment.

Chastiser (n.) One who chastises; a punisher; a corrector.

Chastity (n.) The state of being chaste; purity of body; freedom from unlawful sexual intercourse.

Chastity (n.) Moral purity.

Chastity (n.) The unmarried life; celibacy.

Chastity (n.) Chasteness.

Chasuble (n.) The outer vestment worn by the priest in saying Mass, consisting, in the Roman Catholic Church, of a broad, flat, back piece, and a narrower front piece, the two connected over the shoulders only. The back has usually a large cross, the front an upright bar or pillar, designed to be emblematical of Christ's sufferings. In the Greek Church the chasuble is a large round mantle.

Chatted (imp. & p. p.) of Chat

Chatting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chat

Chat (v. i.) To talk in a light and familiar manner; to converse without form or ceremony; to gossip.

Chat (v. t.) To talk of.

Chat (n.) Light, familiar talk; conversation; gossip.

Chat (n.) A bird of the genus Icteria, allied to the warblers, in America. The best known species are the yellow-breasted chat (I. viridis), and the long-tailed chat (I. longicauda). In Europe the name is given to several birds of the family Saxicolidae, as the stonechat, and whinchat.

Chat (n.) A twig, cone, or little branch. See Chit.

Chat (n.) Small stones with ore.

Chateux (pl. ) of Chateau

Chateau (n.) A castle or a fortress in France.

Chateau (n.) A manor house or residence of the lord of the manor; a gentleman's country seat; also, particularly, a royal residence; as, the chateau of the Louvre; the chateau of the Luxembourg.

Chatelaine (n.) An ornamental hook, or brooch worn by a lady at her waist, and having a short chain or chains attached for a watch, keys, trinkets, etc. Also used adjectively; as, a chatelaine chain.

Chatelet (n.) A little castle.

Chatellany (n.) Same as Castellany.

Chati (n.) A small South American species of tiger cat (Felis mitis).

Chatoyant (a.) Having a changeable, varying luster, or color, like that of a changeable silk, or oa a cat's eye in the dark.

Chatoyant (n.) A hard stone, as the cat's-eye, which presents on a polished surface, and in the interior, an undulating or wary light.

Chatoyment (n.) Changeableness of color, as in a mineral; play of colors.

Chattel (n.) Any item of movable or immovable property except the freehold, or the things which are parcel of it. It is a more extensive term than goods or effects.

Chattelism (n.) The act or condition of holding chattels; the state of being a chattel.

Chattered (imp. & p. p.) of Chatter

Chattering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chatter

Chatter (v. i.) To utter sounds which somewhat resemble language, but are inarticulate and indistinct.

Chatter (v. i.) To talk idly, carelessly, or with undue rapidity; to jabber; to prate.

Chatter (v. i.) To make a noise by rapid collisions.

Chatter (v. t.) To utter rapidly, idly, or indistinctly.

Chatter (n.) Sounds like those of a magpie or monkey; idle talk; rapid, thoughtless talk; jabber; prattle.

Chatter (n.) Noise made by collision of the teeth, as in shivering.

Chatteration (n.) The act or habit of chattering.

Chatterer (n.) A prater; an idle talker.

Chatterer (n.) A bird of the family Ampelidae -- so called from its monotonous note. The Bohemion chatterer (Ampelis garrulus) inhabits the arctic regions of both continents. In America the cedar bird is a more common species. See Bohemian chatterer, and Cedar bird.

Chattering (n.) The act or habit of talking idly or rapidly, or of making inarticulate sounds; the sounds so made; noise made by the collision of the teeth; chatter.

Chattiness (n.) The quality of being chatty, or of talking easily and pleasantly.

Chatty (a.) Given to light, familiar talk; talkative.

Chatty (n.) A porous earthen pot used in India for cooling water, etc.

Chatwood (n.) Little sticks; twigs for burning; fuel.

Chaud-medley (n.) The killing of a person in an affray, in the heat of blood, and while under the influence of passion, thus distinguished from chance-medley or killing in self-defense, or in a casual affray.

Chaudron (n.) See Chawdron.

Chauffer (n.) A table stove or small furnace, usually a cylindrical box of sheet iron, with a grate at the bottom, and an open top.

Chauldron (n.) See Chawdron.

Chaun (n.) A gap.

Chaun (v. t. & i.) To open; to yawn.

Chaunt (n. & v.) See Chant.

Chaunter (n.) A street seller of ballads and other broadsides.

Chaunter (n.) A deceitful, tricky dealer or horse jockey.

Chaunter (n.) The flute of a bagpipe. See Chanter, n., 3.

Chaunterie (n.) See Chantry.

Chaus (n.) a lynxlike animal of Asia and Africa (Lynx Lybicus).

Chausses (n. pl.) The garment for the legs and feet and for the body below the waist, worn in Europe throughout the Middle Ages; applied also to the armor for the same parts, when fixible, as of chain mail.

Chaussure (n.) A foot covering of any kind.

Chauvinism (n.) Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism.

Chavender (n.) The chub.

Chawed (imp. & p. p.) of Chaw

Chawing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaw

Chaw (v. t.) To grind with the teeth; to masticate, as food in eating; to chew, as the cud; to champ, as the bit.

Chaw (v. t.) To ruminate in thought; to consider; to keep the mind working upon; to brood over.

Chaw (v. t.) As much as is put in the mouth at once; a chew; a quid.

Chaw (v. t.) The jaw.

Chawdron (n.) Entrails.

Chay root () The root of the Oldenlandia umbellata, native in India, which yieds a durable red dyestuff.

Chazy epoch () An epoch at the close of the Canadian period of the American Lower Silurian system; -- so named from a township in Clinton Co., New York. See the Diagram under Geology.

Cheap (n.) A bargain; a purchase; cheapness.

Cheap (n.) Having a low price in market; of small cost or price, as compared with the usual price or the real value.

Cheap (n.) Of comparatively small value; common; mean.

Cheap (adv.) Cheaply.

Cheap (v. i.) To buy; to bargain.

Cheapened (imp. & p. p.) of Cheapen

Cheapening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cheapen

Cheapen (v. t.) To ask the price of; to bid, bargain, or chaffer for.

Cheapen (a.) To beat down the price of; to lessen the value of; to depreciate.

Cheapener (n.) One who cheapens.

Cheap-jack (n.) Alt. of Cheap-john

Cheap-john (n.) A seller of low-priced or second goods; a hawker.

Cheaply (adv.) At a small price; at a low value; in a common or inferior manner.

Cheapness (n.) Lowness in price, considering the usual price, or real value.

Chear (n. & v.) See Cheer.

Cheat (n.) An act of deception or fraud; that which is the means of fraud or deception; a fraud; a trick; imposition; imposture.

Cheat (n.) One who cheats or deceives; an impostor; a deceiver; a cheater.

Cheat (n.) A troublesome grass, growing as a weed in grain fields; -- called also chess. See Chess.

Cheat (n.) The obtaining of property from another by an intentional active distortion of the truth.

Cheated (imp. & p. p.) of Cheat

Cheating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cheat

Cheat (n.) To deceive and defraud; to impose upon; to trick; to swindle.

Cheat (n.) To beguile.

Cheat (v. i.) To practice fraud or trickery; as, to cheat at cards.

Cheat (n.) Wheat, or bread made from wheat.

Cheatable (a.) Capable of being cheated.

Cheatableness (n.) Capability of being cheated.

Cheater (n.) One who cheats.

Cheater (n.) An escheator.

Chebacco (n.) A narrow-sterned boat formerly much used in the Newfoundland fisheries; -- called also pinkstern and chebec.

Chebec (n.) See Chebacco.

Chebec (n.) A small American bird (Empidonax minimus); the least flycatcher.

Check (n.) A word of warning denoting that the king is in danger; such a menace of a player's king by an adversary's move as would, if it were any other piece, expose it to immediate capture. A king so menaced is said to be in check, and must be made safe at the next move.

Check (n.) A condition of interrupted or impeded progress; arrest; stop; delay; as, to hold an enemy in check.

Check (n.) Whatever arrests progress, or limits action; an obstacle, guard, restraint, or rebuff.

Check (n.) A mark, certificate, or token, by which, errors may be prevented, or a thing or person may be identified; as, checks placed against items in an account; a check given for baggage; a return check on a railroad.

Check (n.) A written order directing a bank or banker to pay money as therein stated. See Bank check, below.

Check (n.) A woven or painted design in squares resembling the patten of a checkerboard; one of the squares of such a design; also, cloth having such a figure.

Check (n.) The forsaking by a hawk of its proper game to follow other birds.

Check (n.) Small chick or crack.

Checked (imp. & p. p.) of Check

Checking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Check

Check (v. t.) To make a move which puts an adversary's piece, esp. his king, in check; to put in check.

Check (v. t.) To put a sudden restraint upon; to stop temporarily; to hinder; to repress; to curb.

Check (v. t.) To verify, to guard, to make secure, by means of a mark, token, or other check; to distinguish by a check; to put a mark against (an item) after comparing with an original or a counterpart in order to secure accuracy; as, to check an account; to check baggage.

Check (v. t.) To chide, rebuke, or reprove.

Check (v. t.) To slack or ease off, as a brace which is too stiffly extended.

Check (v. t.) To make checks or chinks in; to cause to crack; as, the sun checks timber.

Check (v. i.) To make a stop; to pause; -- with at.

Check (v. i.) To clash or interfere.

Check (v. i.) To act as a curb or restraint.

Check (v. i.) To crack or gape open, as wood in drying; or to crack in small checks, as varnish, paint, etc.

Check (v. i.) To turn, when in pursuit of proper game, and fly after other birds.

Check (a.) Checkered; designed in checks.

Checkage (n.) The act of checking; as, the checkage of a name or of an item in a list.

Checkage (n.) The items, or the amount, to which attention is called by a check or checks.

Checker (v. t.) One who checks.

Checkered (imp. & p. p.) of Checker

Checkering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Checker

Checker (n.) To mark with small squares like a checkerboard, as by crossing stripes of different colors.

Checker (n.) To variegate or diversify with different qualities, colors, scenes, or events; esp., to subject to frequent alternations of prosperity and adversity.

Checker (v. t.) A piece in the game of draughts or checkers.

Checker (v. t.) A pattern in checks; a single check.

Checker (v. t.) Checkerwork.

Checkerberries (pl. ) of Checkerberry

Checkerberry (n.) A spicy plant and its bright red berry; the wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens). Also incorrectly applied to the partridge berry (Mitchella repens).

Checkerboard (n.) A board with sixty-four squares of alternate color, used for playing checkers or draughts.

Checkered (a.) Marked with alternate squares or checks of different color or material.

Checkered (a.) Diversified or variegated in a marked manner, as in appearance, character, circumstances, etc.

Checkers (v.) A game, called also daughts, played on a checkerboard by two persons, each having twelve men (counters or checkers) which are moved diagonally. The game is ended when either of the players has lost all his men, or can not move them.

Checkerwork (n.) Work consisting of or showing checkers varied alternately as to colors or materials.

Checkerwork (n.) Any aggregate of varied vicissitudes.

Checklaton (n.) Ciclatoun.

Checklaton (n.) Gilded leather.

Checkless (a.) That can not be checked or restrained.

Checkmate (n.) The position in the game of chess when a king is in check and cannot be released, -- which ends the game.

Checkmate (n.) A complete check; utter defeat or overthrow.

Checkmated (imp. & p. p.) of Checkmate

Checkmating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Checkmate

Checkmate (v. t.) To check (an adversary's king) in such a manner that escape in impossible; to defeat (an adversary) by putting his king in check from which there is no escape.

Checkmate (v. t.) To defeat completely; to terminate; to thwart.

Checkrein (n.) A short rein looped over the check hook to prevent a horse from lowering his head; -- called also a bearing rein.

Checkrein (n.) A branch rein connecting the driving rein of one horse of a span or pair with the bit of the other horse.

Checkroll (n.) A list of servants in a household; -- called also chequer roll.

Checkstring (n.) A cord by which a person in a carriage or horse car may signal to the driver.

Checkwork (n.) Anything made so as to form alternate squares like those of a checkerboard.

Checky (a.) Divided into small alternating squares of two tinctures; -- said of the field or of an armorial bearing.

Cheddar (a.) Of or pertaining to, or made at, Cheddar, in England; as, Cheddar cheese.

Cheek (n.) The side of the face below the eye.

Cheek (n.) The cheek bone.

Cheek (n.) Those pieces of a machine, or of any timber, or stone work, which form corresponding sides, or which are similar and in pair; as, the cheeks (jaws) of a vise; the cheeks of a gun carriage, etc.

Cheek (n.) The branches of a bridle bit.

Cheek (n.) A section of a flask, so made that it can be moved laterally, to permit the removal of the pattern from the mold; the middle part of a flask.

Cheek (n.) Cool confidence; assurance; impudence.

Cheek (v. t.) To be impudent or saucy to.

Cheeked (a.) Having a cheek; -- used in composition.

Cheeky () a Brazen-faced; impudent; bold.

Cheeped (imp. & p. p.) of Cheep

Cheep (v. i.) To chirp, as a young bird.

Cheep (v. t.) To give expression to in a chirping tone.

Cheep (n.) A chirp, peep, or squeak, as of a young bird or mouse.

Cheer (n.) The face; the countenance or its expression.

Cheer (n.) Feeling; spirit; state of mind or heart.

Cheer (n.) Gayety; mirth; cheerfulness; animation.

Cheer (n.) That which promotes good spirits or cheerfulness; provisions prepared for a feast; entertainment; as, a table loaded with good cheer.

Cheer (n.) A shout, hurrah, or acclamation, expressing joy enthusiasm, applause, favor, etc.

Cheered (imp. & p. p.) of Cheer

Cheering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cheer

Cheer (v. t.) To cause to rejoice; to gladden; to make cheerful; -- often with up.

Cheer (v. t.) To infuse life, courage, animation, or hope, into; to inspirit; to solace or comfort.

Cheer (v. t.) To salute or applaud with cheers; to urge on by cheers; as, to cheer hounds in a chase.

Cheer (v. i.) To grow cheerful; to become gladsome or joyous; -- usually with up.

Cheer (v. i.) To be in any state or temper of mind.

Cheer (v. i.) To utter a shout or shouts of applause, triumph, etc.

Cheerer (n.) One who cheers; one who, or that which, gladdens.

Cheerful (a.) Having or showing good spirits or joy; cheering; cheery; contented; happy; joyful; lively; animated; willing.

Cheerfully (adv.) In a cheerful manner, gladly.

Cheerfulness (n.) Good spirits; a state of moderate joy or gayety; alacrity.

Cheerily (adv.) In a cheery manner.

Cheeriness (n.) The state of being cheery.

Cheeringly (adv.) In a manner to cheer or encourage.

Cheerisness (n.) Cheerfulness.

Cheerless (a.) Without joy, gladness, or comfort.

Cheerly (a.) Gay; cheerful.

Cheerly (adv.) Cheerily.

Cheerry (a.) Cheerful; lively; gay; bright; pleasant; as, a cheery person.

Cheese (n.) The curd of milk, coagulated usually with rennet, separated from the whey, and pressed into a solid mass in a hoop or mold.

Cheese (n.) A mass of pomace, or ground apples, pressed together in the form of a cheese.

Cheese (n.) The flat, circular, mucilaginous fruit of the dwarf mallow (Malva rotundifolia).

Cheese (n.) A low courtesy; -- so called on account of the cheese form assumed by a woman's dress when she stoops after extending the skirts by a rapid gyration.

Cheeselep (n.) A bag in which rennet is kept.

Cheesemonger (n.) One who deals in cheese.

Cheeseparing (n.) A thin portion of the rind of a cheese.

Cheeseparing (a.) Scrimping; mean; as, cheeseparing economy.

Cheesiness (n.) The quality of being cheesy.

Cheesy (a.) Having the nature, qualities, taste, form, consistency, or appearance of cheese.

Cheetah (n.) A species of leopard (Cynaelurus jubatus) tamed and used for hunting in India. The woolly cheetah of South Africa is C. laneus.

Chef (n.) A chief of head person.

Chef (n.) The head cook of large establishment, as a club, a family, etc.

Chef (n.) Same as Chief.

Chefs-d'oeuvre (pl. ) of Chef-d'oeuvre

Chef-d'oeuvre (n.) A masterpiece; a capital work in art, literature, etc.

Chegoe (n.) Alt. of Chegre

Chegre (n.) See Chigoe.

Cheiloplasty (n.) The process of forming an artificial tip or part of a lip, by using for the purpose a piece of healthy tissue taken from some neighboring part.

Cheilopoda (n.) See Ch/lopoda.

Cheirepter (n.) One of the Cheiroptera.

Cheiroptera (n. pl.) An order of mammalia, including the bats, having four toes of each of the anterior limbs elongated and connected by a web, so that they can be used like wings in flying. See Bat.

Cheiropterous (a.) Belonging to the Cheiroptera, or Bat family.

Cheiropterygia (pl. ) of Cheiropterygium

Cheiropterygium (n.) The typical pentadactyloid limb of the higher vertebrates.

Cheirosophy (n.) The art of reading character as it is delineated in the hand.

Cheirotherium (n.) A genus of extinct animals, so named from fossil footprints rudely resembling impressions of the human hand, and believed to have been made by labyrinthodont reptiles. See Illustration in Appendix.

Chekelatoun (n.) See Ciclatoun.

Chekmak (n.) A turkish fabric of silk and cotton, with gold thread interwoven.

Chelae (pl. ) of Chela

Chela (n.) The pincherlike claw of Crustacea and Arachnida.

Chelate (a.) Same as Cheliferous.

Chelerythrine (n.) An alkaloidal principle obtained from the celandine, and named from the red color of its salts. It is a colorless crystalline substance, and acts as an acrid narcotic poison. It is identical with sanguinarine.

Chelicerae (pl. ) of Chelicera

Chelicera (n.) One of the anterior pair of mouth organs, terminated by a pincherlike claw, in scorpions and allied Arachnida. They are homologous with the falcers of spiders, and probably with the mandibles of insects.

Chelidon (n.) The hollow at the flexure of the arm.

Chelidonic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the celandine.

Chelidonius (n.) A small stone taken from the gizzard of a young swallow. -- anciently worn as a medicinal charm.

Chelifer (n.) See Book scorpion, under Book.

Cheliferous (a.) Having cheliform claws, like a crab.

Cheliform (a.) Having a movable joint or finger closing against a preceding joint or a projecting part of it, so that the whole may be used for grasping, as the claw of a crab; pincherlike.

Chelone (n.) A genus of hardy perennial flowering plants, of the order Scrophulariaceae, natives of North America; -- called also snakehead, turtlehead, shellflower, etc.

Chelonia (n. pl.) An order of reptiles, including the tortoises and turtles, peculiar in having a part of the vertebrae, ribs, and sternum united with the dermal plates so as to form a firm shell. The jaws are covered by a horny beak. See Reptilia; also, Illust. in Appendix.

Chelonian (a.) Of or pertaining to animals of the tortoise kind.

Chelonian (n.) One of the Chelonia.

Chelura (n.) A genus of marine amphipod crustacea, which bore into and sometimes destroy timber.

Chely (n.) A claw. See Chela.

Chemic (n.) A chemist; an alchemist.

Chemic (n.) A solution of chloride of lime.

Chemic (a.) Chemical.

Chemical (a.) Pertaining to chemistry; characterized or produced by the forces and operations of chemistry; employed in the processes of chemistry; as, chemical changes; chemical combinations.

Chemical (n.) A substance used for producing a chemical effect; a reagent.

Chemically (adv.) According to chemical principles; by chemical process or operation.

Chemiglyphic (a.) Engraved by a voltaic battery.

Chemiloon (n.) A garment for women, consisting of chemise and drawers united in one.

Chemise (n.) A shift, or undergarment, worn by women.

Chemise (n.) A wall that lines the face of a bank or earthwork.

Chemisette (n.) An under-garment, worn by women, usually covering the neck, shoulders, and breast.

Chemism (n.) The force exerted between the atoms of elementary substance whereby they unite to form chemical compounds; chemical attaction; affinity; -- sometimes used as a general expression for chemical activity or relationship.

Chemist (n.) A person versed in chemistry or given to chemical investigation; an analyst; a maker or seller of chemicals or drugs.

Chemistry (n.) That branch of science which treats of the composition of substances, and of the changes which they undergo in consequence of alterations in the constitution of the molecules, which depend upon variations of the number, kind, or mode of arrangement, of the constituent atoms. These atoms are not assumed to be indivisible, but merely the finest grade of subdivision hitherto attained. Chemistry deals with the changes in the composition and constitution of molecules. See Atom, Molecule.

Chemistry (n.) An application of chemical theory and method to the consideration of some particular subject; as, the chemistry of iron; the chemistry of indigo.

Chemistry (n.) A treatise on chemistry.

Chemitype (n.) One of a number of processes by which an impression from an engraved plate is obtained in relief, to be used for printing on an ordinary printing press.

Chemolysis (n.) A term sometimes applied to the decomposition of organic substance into more simple bodies, by the use of chemical agents alone.

Chemosmosis (n.) Chemical action taking place through an intervening membrane.

Chemosmotic (a.) Pertaining to, or produced by, chemosmosis.

Chemung period () A subdivision in the upper part of the Devonian system in America, so named from the Chemung River, along which the rocks are well developed. It includes the Portage and Chemung groups or epochs. See the Diagram under Geology.

Cheng (n.) A chinese reed instrument, with tubes, blown by the mouth.

Chenille (n.) Tufted cord, of silk or worsted, for the trimming of ladies' dresses, for embroidery and fringes, and for the weft of Chenille rugs.

Chenomorphae (n. pl.) An order of birds, including the swans, ducks, geese, flamingoes and screamers.

Chepster (n.) The European starling.

Cheque (n.) See Check.

Chequer (n. & v.) Same as Checker.

Chequing (n.) A coin. See Sequin.

Chequy (n.) Same as Checky.

Cherif (n.) See Cherif.

Cherimoyer (n.) A small downy-leaved tree (Anona Cherimolia), with fragrant flowers. It is a native of Peru.

Cherimoyer (n.) Its delicious fruit, which is succulent, dark purple, and similar to the custard apple of the West Indies.

Cherished (imp. & p. p.) of Cherish

Cherising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cherish

Cherish (v. t.) To treat with tenderness and affection; to nurture with care; to protect and aid.

Cherish (v. t.) To hold dear; to embrace with interest; to indulge; to encourage; to foster; to promote; as, to cherish religious principle.

Cherisher (n.) One who cherishes.

Cherishment (n.) Encouragement; comfort.

Chermes (n.) See Kermes.

Cherogril (n.) See Cony.

Cherokees (n. pl.) An Appalachian tribe of Indians, formerly inhabiting the region about the head waters of the Tennessee River. They are now mostly settled in the Indian Territory, and have become one of the most civilized of the Indian Tribes.

Cheroot (n.) A kind of cigar, originally brought from Mania, in the Philippine Islands; now often made of inferior or adulterated tobacco.

Cherry (n.) A tree or shrub of the genus Prunus (Which also includes the plum) bearing a fleshy drupe with a bony stone;

Cherry (n.) The common garden cherry (Prunus Cerasus), of which several hundred varieties are cultivated for the fruit, some of which are, the begarreau, blackheart, black Tartarian, oxheart, morelle or morello, May-duke (corrupted from Medoc in France).

Cherry (n.) The wild cherry; as, Prunus serotina (wild black cherry), valued for its timber; P. Virginiana (choke cherry), an American shrub which bears astringent fruit; P. avium and P. Padus, European trees (bird cherry).

Cherry (n.) The fruit of the cherry tree, a drupe of various colors and flavors.

Cherry (n.) The timber of the cherry tree, esp. of the black cherry, used in cabinetmaking, etc.

Cherry (n.) A peculiar shade of red, like that of a cherry.

Cherry (a.) Like a red cherry in color; ruddy; blooming; as, a cherry lip; cherry cheeks.

Chersonese (n.) A peninsula; a tract of land nearly surrounded by water, but united to a larger tract by a neck of land or isthmus; as, the Cimbric Chersonese, or Jutland; the Tauric Chersonese, or Crimea.

Chert (n.) An impure, massive, flintlike quartz or hornstone, of a dull color.

Cherty (a.) Like chert; containing chert; flinty.

Cherubs (pl. ) of Cherub

Cherubim (pl. ) of Cherub

Cherub (n.) A mysterious composite being, the winged footstool and chariot of the Almighty, described in Ezekiel i. and x.

Cherub (n.) A symbolical winged figure of unknown form used in connection with the mercy seat of the Jewish Ark and Temple.

Cherub (n.) One of a order of angels, variously represented in art. In European painting the cherubim have been shown as blue, to denote knowledge, as distinguished from the seraphim (see Seraph), and in later art the children's heads with wings are generally called cherubs.

Cherub (n.) A beautiful child; -- so called because artists have represented cherubs as beautiful children.

Cherubic (a.) Alt. of Cherubical

Cherubical (a.) Of or pertaining to cherubs; angelic.

Cherubim (n.) The Hebrew plural of Cherub.. Cf. Seraphim.

Cherubin (a.) Cherubic; angelic.

Cherubin (n.) A cherub.

Cherup (v. i.) To make a short, shrill, cheerful sound; to chirp. See Chirrup.

Cherup (v. t.) To excite or urge on by making a short, shrill, cheerful sound; to cherup to. See Chirrup.

Cherup (n.) A short, sharp, cheerful noise; a chirp; a chirrup; as, the cherup of a cricket.

Chervil (n.) A plant (Anthriscus cerefolium) with pinnately divided aromatic leaves, of which several curled varieties are used in soups and salads.

Ches () pret. of Chese.

Chese (v. t.) To choose

Chesible (n.) See Chasuble.

Cheslip (n.) The wood louse.

Chess (n.) A game played on a chessboard, by two persons, with two differently colored sets of men, sixteen in each set. Each player has a king, a queen, two bishops, two knights, two castles or rooks, and eight pawns.

Chess (n.) A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat fields, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; -- called also cheat and Willard's bromus.

Chess-apple (n.) The wild service of Europe (Purus torminalis).

Chessboard (n.) The board used in the game of chess, having eight rows of alternate light and dark squares, eight in each row. See Checkerboard.

Chessel (n.) The wooden mold in which cheese is pressed.

Chesses (n. pl.) The platforms, consisting of two or more planks doweled together, for the flooring of a temporary military bridge.

Chessil (n.) Gravel or pebbles.

Chessmen (pl. ) of Chessman

Chessman (n.) A piece used in the game of chess.

Chessom (n.) Mellow earth; mold.

Chesstree (n.) A piece of oak bolted perpendicularly on the side of a vessel, to aid in drawing down and securing the clew of the mainsail.

Chessy copper () The mineral azurite, found in fine crystallization at Chessy, near Lyons; called also chessylite.

Chest (n.) A large box of wood, or other material, having, like a trunk, a lid, but no covering of skin, leather, or cloth.

Chest (n.) A coffin.

Chest (n.) The part of the body inclosed by the ribs and breastbone; the thorax.

Chest (n.) A case in which certain goods, as tea, opium, etc., are transported; hence, the quantity which such a case contains.

Chest (n.) A tight receptacle or box, usually for holding gas, steam, liquids, etc.; as, the steam chest of an engine; the wind chest of an organ.

Chested (imp. & p. p.) of Chest

Chest (v. i.) To deposit in a chest; to hoard.

Chest (v. i.) To place in a coffin.

Chest (n.) Strife; contention; controversy.

Chested (a.) Having (such) a chest; -- in composition; as, broad-chested; narrow-chested.

Chesterlite (n.) A variety of feldspar found in crystals in the county of Chester, Pennsylvania.

Chesteyn (n.) The chestnut tree.

Chest founder () A rheumatic affection of the muscles of the breast and fore legs of a horse, affecting motion and respiration.

Chestnut (n.) The edible nut of a forest tree (Castanea vesca) of Europe and America. Commonly two or more of the nuts grow in a prickly bur.

Chestnut (n.) The tree itself, or its light, coarse-grained timber, used for ornamental work, furniture, etc.

Chestnut (n.) A bright brown color, like that of the nut.

Chestnut (n.) The horse chestnut (often so used in England).

Chestnut (n.) One of the round, or oval, horny plates on the inner sides of the legs of the horse, and allied animals.

Chestnut (n.) An old joke or story.

Chestnut (a.) Of the color of a chestnut; of a reddish brown color; as, chestnut curls.

Chetah (n.) See Cheetah.

Chetvert (n.) A measure of grain equal to 0.7218 of an imperial quarter, or 5.95 Winchester bushels.

Chevachie (n.) See Chivachie.

Chevage (n.) See Chiefage.

Chevaux (pl. ) of Cheval

Cheval (n.) A horse; hence, a support or frame.

Chevaux-de-frise (pl. ) of Cheval-de-frise

Cheval-de-frise (n.) A piece of timber or an iron barrel traversed with iron-pointed spikes or spears, five or six feet long, used to defend a passage, stop a breach, or impede the advance of cavalry, etc.

Chevalier (n.) A horseman; a knight; a gallant young man.

Chevalier (n.) A member of certain orders of knighthood.

Chevaux (n. pl.) See Cheval.

Cheve (v. i.) To come to an issue; to turn out; to succeed; as, to cheve well in a enterprise.

Chevelure (n.) A hairlike envelope.

Cheven (n.) A river fish; the chub.

Cheventein (n.) A variant of Chieftain.

Cheveril (v. i.) Soft leather made of kid skin. Fig.: Used as a symbol of flexibility.

Cheveril (a.) Made of cheveril; pliant.

Cheverliize (v. i.) To make as pliable as kid leather.

Chevet (n.) The extreme end of the chancel or choir; properly the round or polygonal part.

Cheviot (n.) A valuable breed of mountain sheep in Scotland, which takes its name from the Cheviot hills.

Cheviot (n.) A woolen fabric, for men's clothing.

Chevisance (n.) Achievement; deed; performance.

Chevisance (n.) A bargain; profit; gain.

Chevisance (n.) A making of contracts.

Chevisance (n.) A bargain or contract; an agreement about a matter in dispute, such as a debt; a business compact.

Chevisance (n.) An unlawful agreement or contract.

Chevrette (n.) A machine for raising guns or mortar into their carriages.

Chevron (n.) One of the nine honorable ordinaries, consisting of two broad bands of the width of the bar, issuing, respectively from the dexter and sinister bases of the field and conjoined at its center.

Chevron (n.) A distinguishing mark, above the elbow, on the sleeve of a non-commissioned officer's coat.

Chevron (n.) A zigzag molding, or group of moldings, common in Norman architecture.

Chevroned (p. a.) Having a chevron; decorated with an ornamental figure of a zigzag from.

Chevronel (n.) A bearing like a chevron, but of only half its width.

Chevronwise (adv.) In the manner of a chevron; as, the field may be divided chevronwise.

Chevrotain (n.) A small ruminant of the family Tragulidae a allied to the musk deer. It inhabits Africa and the East Indies. See Kanchil.

Chevy (v. t.) See Chivy, v. t.

Chewed (imp. & p. p.) of Chew

Chewing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chew

Chew (v. t.) To bite and grind with the teeth; to masticate.

Chew (v. t.) To ruminate mentally; to meditate on.

Chew (v. i.) To perform the action of biting and grinding with the teeth; to ruminate; to meditate.

Chew (n.) That which is chewed; that which is held in the mouth at once; a cud.

Chewer (n.) One who chews.

Chewet (n.) A kind of meat pie.

Chewink (n.) An american bird (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) of the Finch family, so called from its note; -- called also towhee bunting and ground robin.

Cheyennes (n. pl.) A warlike tribe of indians, related to the blackfeet, formerly inhabiting the region of Wyoming, but now mostly on reservations in the Indian Territory. They are noted for their horsemanship.

Chian (a.) Of or pertaining to Chios, an island in the Aegean Sea.

Chiaroscurist (n.) A painter who cares for and studies light and shade rather than color.

Chiaroscuro (n.) Alt. of Chiaro-oscuro

Chiaro-oscuro (n.) The arrangement of light and dark parts in a work of art, such as a drawing or painting, whether in monochrome or in color.

Chiaro-oscuro (n.) The art or practice of so arranging the light and dark parts as to produce a harmonious effect. Cf. Clair-obscur.

Chiasm (n.) Alt. of Chiasma

Chiasma (n.) A commissure; especially, the optic commissure, or crucial union of the optic nerves.

Chiasmus (n.) An inversion of the order of words or phrases, when repeated or subsequently referred to in a sentence

Chiastolite (n.) A variety of andalusite; -- called also macle. The tessellated appearance of a cross section is due to the symmetrical arrangement of impurities in the crystal.

Chibbal (n.) See Cibol.

Chibouque (n.) Alt. of Chibouk

Chibouk (n.) A Turkish pipe, usually with a mouthpiece of amber, a stem, four or five feet long and not pliant, of some valuable wood, and a bowl of baked clay.

Chic (n.) Good form; style.

Chica (n.) A red coloring matter. extracted from the Bignonia Chica, used by some tribes of South American Indians to stain the skin.

Chica (n.) A fermented liquor or beer made in South American from a decoction of maize.

Chica (n.) A popular Moorish, Spanish, and South American dance, said to be the original of the fandango, etc.

Chicane (n.) The use of artful subterfuge, designed to draw away attention from the merits of a case or question; -- specifically applied to legal proceedings; trickery; chicanery; caviling; sophistry.

Chicane (n.) To use shifts, cavils, or artifices.

Chicaner (n.) One who uses chicanery.

Chicanery (n.) Mean or unfair artifice to perplex a cause and obscure the truth; stratagem; sharp practice; sophistry.

Chiccory (n.) See Chicory.

Chiches (pl. ) of Chich

Chich (n.) The chick-pea.

Chicha (n.) See Chica.

Chichevache (n.) A fabulous cow of enormous size, whose food was patient wives, and which was therefore in very lean condition.

Chichling (n.) Alt. of Chichling vetch

Chichling vetch (n.) A leguminous plant (Lathyrus sativus), with broad flattened seeds which are sometimes used for food.

Chick (v. i.) To sprout, as seed in the ground; to vegetate.

Chick (n.) A chicken.

Chick (n.) A child or young person; -- a term of endearment.

Chickabiddy (n.) A chicken; a fowl; also, a trivial term of endearment for a child.

Chickadee (n.) A small bird, the blackcap titmouse (Parus atricapillus), of North America; -- named from its note.

Chickaree (n.) The American red squirrel (Sciurus Hudsonius); -- so called from its cry.

Chickasaws (n. pl.) A tribe of North American Indians (Southern Appalachian) allied to the Choctaws. They formerly occupied the northern part of Alabama and Mississippi, but now live in the Indian Territory.

Chicken (n.) A young bird or fowl, esp. a young barnyard fowl.

Chicken (n.) A young person; a child; esp. a young woman; a maiden.

Chicken-breasted (a.) Having a narrow, projecting chest, caused by forward curvature of the vertebral column.

Chicken-hearted (a.) Timid; fearful; cowardly.

Chicken pox () A mild, eruptive disease, generally attacking children only; varicella.

Chickling (n.) A small chick or chicken.

Chick-pea (n.) A Small leguminous plant (Cicer arietinum) of Asia, Africa, and the south of Europe; the chich; the dwarf pea; the gram.

Chick-pea (n.) Its nutritious seed, used in cookery, and especially, when roasted (parched pulse), as food for travelers in the Eastern deserts.

Chickweed (n.) The name of several caryophyllaceous weeds, especially Stellaria media, the seeds and flower buds of which are a favorite food of small birds.

Chicky (n.) A chicken; -- used as a diminutive or pet name, especially in calling fowls.

Chicory (n.) A branching perennial plant (Cichorium Intybus) with bright blue flowers, growing wild in Europe, Asia, and America; also cultivated for its roots and as a salad plant; succory; wild endive. See Endive.

Chicory (n.) The root, which is roasted for mixing with coffee.

Chide (p. pr. & vb. n.) To rebuke; to reprove; to scold; to find fault with.

Chide (p. pr. & vb. n.) Fig.: To be noisy about; to chafe against.

Chide (v. i.) To utter words of disapprobation and displeasure; to find fault; to contend angrily.

Chide (v. i.) To make a clamorous noise; to chafe.

Chide (n.) A continuous noise or murmur.

Chider (n.) One who chides or quarrels.

Chideress (n.) She who chides.

Chidester (n.) A female scold.

Chidingly (adv.) In a chiding or reproving manner.

Chief (n.) The head or leader of any body of men; a commander, as of an army; a head man, as of a tribe, clan, or family; a person in authority who directs the work of others; the principal actor or agent.

Chief (n.) The principal part; the most valuable portion.

Chief (n.) The upper third part of the field. It is supposed to be composed of the dexter, sinister, and middle chiefs.

Chief (a.) Highest in office or rank; principal; head.

Chief (a.) Principal or most eminent in any quality or action; most distinguished; having most influence; taking the lead; most important; as, the chief topic of conversation; the chief interest of man.

Chief (a.) Very intimate, near, or close.

Chiefage (n.) A tribute by the head; a capitation tax.

Chief baron () The presiding judge of the court of exchequer.

Chiefest (a.) First or foremost; chief; principal.

Chief hare () A small rodent (Lagamys princeps) inhabiting the summits of the Rocky Mountains; -- also called crying hare, calling hare, cony, American pika, and little chief hare.

Chief justice () The presiding justice, or principal judge, of a court.

Chief-justiceship (n.) The office of chief justice.

Chiefless (a.) Without a chief or leader.

Chiefly (adv.) In the first place; principally; preeminently; above; especially.

Chiefly (adv.) For the most part; mostly.

Chiefrie (n.) A small rent paid to the lord paramount.

Chieftain (n.) A captain, leader, or commander; a chief; the head of a troop, army, or clan.

Chieftaincy (n.) Alt. of Chieftainship

Chieftainship (n.) The rank, dignity, or office of a chieftain.

Chierte (n.) Love; tender regard.

Chievance (n.) An unlawful bargain; traffic in which money is exported as discount.

Chieve (v. i.) See Cheve, v. i.

Chiff-chaff (n.) A species of European warbler (Sylvia hippolais); -- called also chip-chap, and pettychaps.

Chiffonier (n.) Alt. of niere

Chiffo (n.) Alt. of niere

niere (n.) One who gathers rags and odds and ends; a ragpicker.

niere (n.) A receptacle for rags or shreds.

niere (n.) A movable and ornamental closet or piece of furniture with shelves or drawers.

Chignon (n.) A knot, boss, or mass of hair, natural or artificial, worn by a woman at the back of the head.

Chigoe (n.) Alt. of Chigre

Chigre (n.) A species of flea (Pulex penetrans), common in the West Indies and South America, which often attacks the feet or any exposed part of the human body, and burrowing beneath the skin produces great irritation. When the female is allowed to remain and breed, troublesome sores result, which are sometimes dangerous. See Jigger.

Chikara (n.) The goat antelope (Tragops Bennettii) of India.

Chikara (n.) The Indian four-horned antelope (Tetraceros quadricornis).

Chilblain (n.) A blain, sore, or inflammatory swelling, produced by exposure of the feet or hands to cold, and attended by itching, pain, and sometimes ulceration.

Chilblain (v. t.) To produce chilblains upon.

Children (pl. ) of Child

Child (n.) A son or a daughter; a male or female descendant, in the first degree; the immediate progeny of human parents; -- in law, legitimate offspring. Used also of animals and plants.

Child (n.) A descendant, however remote; -- used esp. in the plural; as, the children of Israel; the children of Edom.

Child (n.) One who, by character of practice, shows signs of relationship to, or of the influence of, another; one closely connected with a place, occupation, character, etc.; as, a child of God; a child of the devil; a child of disobedience; a child of toil; a child of the people.

Child (n.) A noble youth. See Childe.

Child (n.) A young person of either sex. esp. one between infancy and youth; hence, one who exhibits the characteristics of a very young person, as innocence, obedience, trustfulness, limited understanding, etc.

Child (n.) A female infant.

Childed (imp. & p. p.) of Child

Childing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Child

Child (v. i.) To give birth; to produce young.

Childbearing (n.) The act of producing or bringing forth children; parturition.

Childbed (n.) The state of a woman bringing forth a child, or being in labor; parturition.

Childbirth (n.) The act of bringing forth a child; travail; labor.

Childcrowing (n.) The crowing noise made by children affected with spasm of the laryngeal muscles; false croup.

Childe (n.) A cognomen formerly prefixed to his name by the oldest son, until he succeeded to his ancestral titles, or was knighted; as, Childe Roland.

Childed (a.) Furnished with a child.

Childermas day () A day (December 28) observed by mass or festival in commemoration of the children slain by Herod at Bethlehem; -- called also Holy Innocent's Day.

Childhood (n.) The state of being a child; the time in which persons are children; the condition or time from infancy to puberty.

Childhood (n.) Children, taken collectively.

Childhood (n.) The commencement; the first period.

Childing (v. i.) Bearing Children; (Fig.) productive; fruitful.

Childish (a.) Of, pertaining to, befitting, or resembling, a child.

Childish (a.) Puerile; trifling; weak.

Childishly (adv.) In the manner of a child; in a trifling way; in a weak or foolish manner.

Childishness (n.) The state or quality of being childish; simplicity; harmlessness; weakness of intellect.

Childlessness (n.) The state of being childless.

Childlike (a.) Resembling a child, or that which belongs to children; becoming a child; meek; submissive; dutiful.

Childly (a.) Having the character of a child; belonging, or appropriate, to a child.

Childly (adv.) Like a child.

Childness (n.) The manner characteristic of a child.

Children (n.) pl. of Child.

Childship (n.) The state or relation of being a child.

Chili (n.) A kind of red pepper. See Capsicum

Chiliad (n.) A thousand; the aggregate of a thousand things; especially, a period of a thousand years.

Chiliagon (n.) A plane figure of a thousand angles and sides.

Chiliahedron (n.) A figure bounded by a thousand plane surfaces

Chilian (a.) Of or pertaining to Chili.

Chilian (n.) A native or citizen of Chili.

Chilian (n.) Alt. of Chiliarch

Chiliarch (n.) The commander or chief of a thousand men.

Chiliarchy (n.) A body consisting of a thousand men.

Chiliasm (n.) The millennium.

Chiliasm (n.) The doctrine of the personal reign of Christ on earth during the millennium.

Chiliast (n.) One who believes in the second coming of Christ to reign on earth a thousand years; a milllenarian.

Chiliastic (a.) Millenarian.

Chill (n.) A moderate but disagreeable degree of cold; a disagreeable sensation of coolness, accompanied with shivering.

Chill (n.) A sensation of cold with convulsive shaking of the body, pinched face, pale skin, and blue lips, caused by undue cooling of the body or by nervous excitement, or forming the precursor of some constitutional disturbance, as of a fever.

Chill (n.) A check to enthusiasm or warmth of feeling; discouragement; as, a chill comes over an assembly.

Chill (n.) An iron mold or portion of a mold, serving to cool rapidly, and so to harden, the surface of molten iron brought in contact with it.

Chill (n.) The hardened part of a casting, as the tread of a car wheel.

Chill (a.) Moderately cold; tending to cause shivering; chilly; raw.

Chill (a.) Affected by cold.

Chill (a.) Characterized by coolness of manner, feeling, etc.; lacking enthusiasm or warmth; formal; distant; as, a chill reception.

Chill (a.) Discouraging; depressing; dispiriting.

Chilled (imp. & p. p.) of Chill

Chilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chill

Chill (v. t.) To strike with a chill; to make chilly; to cause to shiver; to affect with cold.

Chill (v. t.) To check enthusiasm or warmth of feeling of; to depress; to discourage.

Chill (v. t.) To produce, by sudden cooling, a change of crystallization at or near the surface of, so as to increase the hardness; said of cast iron.

Chill (v. i.) To become surface-hardened by sudden cooling while solidifying; as, some kinds of cast iron chill to a greater depth than others.

Chilled (a.) Hardened on the surface or edge by chilling; as, chilled iron; a chilled wheel.

Chilled (a.) Having that cloudiness or dimness of surface that is called "blooming."

Chilli (n.) See Chili.

Chilliness (n.) A state or sensation of being chilly; a disagreeable sensation of coldness.

Chilliness (n.) A moderate degree of coldness; disagreeable coldness or rawness; as, the chilliness of the air.

Chilliness (n.) Formality; lack of warmth.

Chilling (a.) Making chilly or cold; depressing; discouraging; cold; distant; as, a chilling breeze; a chilling manner.

Chillness (n.) Coolness; coldness; a chill.

Chilly (a.) Moderately cold; cold and raw or damp so as to cause shivering; causing or feeling a disagreeable sensation of cold, or a shivering.

Chilognath (n.) A myriapod of the order Chilognatha.

Chilognatha (n. pl.) One of the two principal orders of myriapods. They have numerous segments, each bearing two pairs of small, slender legs, which are attached ventrally, near together.

Chiloma (n.) The tumid upper lip of certain mammals, as of a camel.

Chilopod (n.) A myriapod of the order Chilopoda.

Chilopoda (n. pl.) One of the orders of myriapods, including the centipeds. They have a single pair of elongated legs attached laterally to each segment; well developed jaws; and a pair of thoracic legs converted into poison fangs. They are insectivorous, very active, and some species grow to the length of a foot.

Chilostoma (n. pl.) Alt. of Chilostomata

Chilostomata (n. pl.) An extensive suborder of marine Bryozoa, mostly with calcareous shells. They have a movable lip and a lid to close the aperture of the cells.

Chilostomatous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chilostoma.

Chiltern Hundreds () A tract of crown land in Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, England, to which is attached the nominal office of steward. As members of Parliament cannot resign, when they wish to go out they accept this stewardship, which legally vacates their seats.

Chimaera (n.) A cartilaginous fish of several species, belonging to the order Holocephali. The teeth are few and large. The head is furnished with appendages, and the tail terminates in a point.

Chimaeroid (a.) Related to, or like, the chimaera.

Chimango () A south American carrion buzzard (Milvago chimango). See Caracara.

Chimb (n.) The edge of a cask, etc; a chine. See Chine, n., 3.

Chimb (v. i.) Chime.

Chime (n.) See Chine, n., 3.

Chime (n.) The harmonious sound of bells, or of musical instruments.

Chime (n.) A set of bells musically tuned to each other; specif., in the pl., the music performed on such a set of bells by hand, or produced by mechanism to accompany the striking of the hours or their divisions.

Chime (n.) Pleasing correspondence of proportion, relation, or sound.

Chimed (imp. & p. p.) of Chime

Chiming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chime

Chime (n.) To sound in harmonious accord, as bells.

Chime (n.) To be in harmony; to agree; to suit; to harmonize; to correspond; to fall in with.

Chime (n.) To join in a conversation; to express assent; -- followed by in or in with.

Chime (n.) To make a rude correspondence of sounds; to jingle, as in rhyming.

Chime (v. i.) To cause to sound in harmony; to play a tune, as upon a set of bells; to move or strike in harmony.

Chime (v. i.) To utter harmoniously; to recite rhythmically.

Chimer (n.) One who chimes.

Chimeras (pl. ) of Chimera

Chimera (n.) A monster represented as vomiting flames, and as having the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon.

Chimera (n.) A vain, foolish, or incongruous fancy, or creature of the imagination; as, the chimera of an author.

Chimere (n.) The upper robe worn by a bishop, to which lawn sleeves are usually attached.

Chimeric (a.) Chimerical.

Chimerical (a.) Merely imaginary; fanciful; fantastic; wildly or vainly conceived; having, or capable of having, no existence except in thought; as, chimerical projects.

Chimerically (adv.) Wildy; vainly; fancifully.

Chiminage (n.) A toll for passage through a forest.

Chimneys (pl. ) of Chimney

Chimney (n.) A fireplace or hearth.

Chimney (n.) That part of a building which contains the smoke flues; esp. an upright tube or flue of brick or stone, in most cases extending through or above the roof of the building. Often used instead of chimney shaft.

Chimney (n.) A tube usually of glass, placed around a flame, as of a lamp, to create a draft, and promote combustion.

Chimney (n.) A body of ore, usually of elongated form, extending downward in a vein.

Chimney-breast (n.) The horizontal projection of a chimney from the wall in which it is built; -- commonly applied to its projection in the inside of a building only.

Chimney-piece (n.) A decorative construction around the opening of a fireplace.

Chimpanzee (n.) An african ape (Anthropithecus troglodytes or Troglodytes niger) which approaches more nearly to man, in most respects, than any other ape. When full grown, it is from three to four feet high.

Chin (n.) The lower extremity of the face below the mouth; the point of the under jaw.

Chin (n.) The exterior or under surface embraced between the branches of the lower jaw bone, in birds.

China (n.) A country in Eastern Asia.

China (n.) China ware, which is the modern popular term for porcelain. See Porcelain.

Chinaldine (n.) See Quinaldine.

Chinamen (pl. ) of Chinaman

Chinaman (n.) A native of China; a Chinese.

Chincapin (n.) See Chinquapin.

Chinch (n.) The bedbug (Cimex lectularius).

Chinch (n.) A bug (Blissus leucopterus), which, in the United States, is very destructive to grass, wheat, and other grains; -- also called chiniz, chinch bug, chink bug. It resembles the bedbug in its disgusting odor.

Chincha (n.) A south American rodent of the genus Lagotis.

Chinche (a.) Parsimonious; niggardly.

Chincherie (n.) Penuriousness.

Chinchilla (n.) A small rodent (Chinchilla lanigera), of the size of a large squirrel, remarkable for its fine fur, which is very soft and of a pearly gray color. It is a native of Peru and Chili.

Chinchilla (n.) The fur of the chinchilla.

Chinchilla (n.) A heavy, long-napped, tufted woolen cloth.

Chinchona () Alt. of Chincona

Chincona () See Cinchona.

Chin cough () Whooping cough.

Chine (n.) A chink or cleft; a narrow and deep ravine; as, Shanklin Chine in the Isle of Wight, a quarter of a mile long and 230 feet deep.

Chine (n.) The backbone or spine of an animal; the back.

Chine (n.) A piece of the backbone of an animal, with the adjoining parts, cut for cooking. [See Illust. of Beef.]

Chine (n.) The edge or rim of a cask, etc., formed by the projecting ends of the staves; the chamfered end of a stave.

Chined (imp. & p. p.) of Chine

Chine (v. t.) To cut through the backbone of; to cut into chine pieces.

Chine (v. t.) Too chamfer the ends of a stave and form the chine..

Chined (a.) Pertaining to, or having, a chine, or backbone; -- used in composition.

Chined (a.) Broken in the back.

Chinese (a.) Of or pertaining to China; peculiar to China.

Chinese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of China, or one of that yellow race with oblique eyelids who live principally in China.

Chinese (n. sing. & pl.) The language of China, which is monosyllabic.

Chink (n.) A small cleft, rent, or fissure, of greater length than breadth; a gap or crack; as, the chinks of wall.

Chinked (imp. & p. p.) of Chink

Chinking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chink

Chink (v. i.) To crack; to open.

Chink (v. t.) To cause to open in cracks or fissures.

Chink (v. t.) To fill up the chinks of; as, to chink a wall.

Chink (n.) A short, sharp sound, as of metal struck with a slight degree of violence.

Chink (n.) Money; cash.

Chink (v. t.) To cause to make a sharp metallic sound, as coins, small pieces of metal, etc., by bringing them into collision with each other.

Chink (v. i.) To make a slight, sharp, metallic sound, as by the collision of little pieces of money, or other small sonorous bodies.

Chinky (a.) Full of chinks or fissures; gaping; opening in narrow clefts.

Chinned (a.) Having a chin; -- used chiefly in compounds; as, short-chinned.

Chinoidine (n.) See Quinodine.

Chinoline (n.) See Quinoline.

Chinone (n.) See Quinone.

Chinook (n.) One of a tribe of North American Indians now living in the state of Washington, noted for the custom of flattening their skulls. Chinooks also called Flathead Indians.

Chinook (n.) A warm westerly wind from the country of the Chinooks, sometimes experienced on the slope of the Rocky Mountains, in Montana and the adjacent territory.

Chinook (n.) A jargon of words from various languages (the largest proportion of which is from that of the Chinooks) generally understood by all the Indian tribes of the northwestern territories of the United States.

Chinquapin (n.) A branching, nut-bearing tree or shrub (Castanea pumila) of North America, from six to twenty feet high, allied to the chestnut. Also, its small, sweet, edible nat.

Chinsed (imp. & p. p.) of Chinse

Chinsing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chinse

Chinse (v. t. & i.) To thrust oakum into (seams or chinks) with a chisel , the point of a knife, or a chinsing iron; to calk slightly.

Chintzes (pl. ) of Chintz

Chintz (n.) Cotton cloth, printed with flowers and other devices, in a number of different colors, and often glazed.

Chioppine (n.) Same as Chopine, n.

Chipped (imp. & p. p.) of Chip

Chipping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chip

Chip (v. t.) To cut small pieces from; to diminish or reduce to shape, by cutting away a little at a time; to hew.

Chip (v. t.) To break or crack, or crack off a portion of, as of an eggshell in hatching, or a piece of crockery.

Chip (v. t.) To bet, as with chips in the game of poker.

Chip (v. i.) To break or fly off in small pieces.

Chip (n.) A piece of wood, stone, or other substance, separated by an ax, chisel, or cutting instrument.

Chip (n.) A fragment or piece broken off; a small piece.

Chip (n.) Wood or Cuban palm leaf split into slips, or straw plaited in a special manner, for making hats or bonnets.

Chip (n.) Anything dried up, withered, or without flavor; -- used contemptuously.

Chip (n.) One of the counters used in poker and other games.

Chip (n.) The triangular piece of wood attached to the log line.

Chipmunk (n.) A squirrel-like animal of the genus Tamias, sometimes called the striped squirrel, chipping squirrel, ground squirrel, hackee. The common species of the United States is the Tamias striatus.

Chipper (v. i.) To chirp or chirrup.

Chipper (a.) Lively; cheerful; talkative.

Chippeways (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting the northern and western shores of Lake Superior; -- called also Objibways.

Chipping (n.) A chip; a piece separated by a cutting or graving instrument; a fragment.

Chipping (n.) The act or process of cutting or breaking off small pieces, as in dressing iron with a chisel, or reducing a timber or block of stone to shape.

Chipping (n.) The breaking off in small pieces of the edges of potter's ware, porcelain, etc.

Chipping bird () The chippy.

Chipping squirrel () See Chipmunk.

Chippy (a.) Abounding in, or resembling, chips; dry and tasteless.

Chippy (n.) A small American sparrow (Spizella socialis), very common near dwelling; -- also called chipping bird and chipping sparrow, from its simple note.

Chips (n.) A ship's carpenter.

Chiragra (n.) Gout in the hand.

Chiragrical (a.) Having the gout in the hand, or subject to that disease.

Chiretta (n.) A plant (Agathotes Chirayta) found in Northern India, having medicinal properties to the gentian, and esteemed as a tonic and febrifuge.

Chirk (v. i.) To shriek; to gnash; to utter harsh or shrill cries.

Chirk (v. i.) To chirp like a bird.

Chirk (v. t.) To cheer; to enliven; as, to chirk one up.

Chirk (v. i.) Lively; cheerful; in good spirits.

Chirm (v. i.) To chirp or to make a mournful cry, as a bird.

Chirognomy (n.) The art of judging character by the shape and appearance of the hand.

Chirograph (n.) A writing which, requiring a counterpart, was engrossed twice on the same piece of parchment, with a space between, in which was written the word chirographum, through which the parchment was cut, and one part given to each party. It answered to what is now called a charter party.

Chirograph (n.) The last part of a fine of land, commonly called the foot of the fine.

Chirographer (n.) One who practice the art or business of writing or engrossing.

Chirographer (n.) See chirographist, 2.

Chirographic (a.) Alt. of Chirographical

Chirographical (a.) Of or pertaining to chirography.

Chirographist (n.) A chirographer; a writer or engrosser.

Chirographist (n.) One who tells fortunes by examining the hand.

Chirography (n.) The art of writing or engrossing; handwriting; as, skilled in chirography.

Chirography (n.) The art of telling fortunes by examining the hand.

Chirogymnast (n.) A mechanical contrivance for exercising the fingers of a pianist.

Chirological (a.) Relating to chirology.

Chirologist (n.) One who communicates thoughts by signs made with the hands and fingers.

Chirology (n.) The art or practice of using the manual alphabet or of communicating thoughts by sings made by the hands and fingers; a substitute for spoken or written language in intercourse with the deaf and dumb. See Dactylalogy.

Chiromancer (n.) One who practices chiromancy.

Chiromancy (n.) The art or practice of foretelling events, or of telling the fortunes or the disposition of persons by inspecting the hand; palmistry.

Chiromanist (n.) Alt. of Chiromantist

Chiromantist (n.) A chiromancer.

Chiromantic (a.) Alt. of Chiromantical

Chiromantical (a.) Of or pertaining to chiromancy.

Chiromonic (a.) Relating to chironomy.

Chironomy (n.) The art of moving the hands in oratory or in pantomime; gesture

Chiroplast (n.) An instrument to guid the hands and fingers of pupils in playing on the piano, etc.

Chiropodist (n.) One who treats diseases of the hands and feet; especially, one who removes corns and bunions.

Chiropody (n.) The art of treating diseases of the hands and feet.

Chirosophist (n.) A fortune teller.

Chirped (imp. & p. p.) of Chirp

Chirping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chirp

Chirp (v. i.) To make a shop, sharp, cheerful, as of small birds or crickets.

Chirp (n.) A short, sharp note, as of a bird or insect.

Chirper (n.) One who chirps, or is cheerful.

Chirping (a.) Cheering; enlivening.

Chirpingly (adv.) In a chirping manner.

Chirre (v. i.) To coo, as a pigeon.

Chirruped (imp. & p. p.) of Chirrup

Chirruping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chirrup

Chirrup (v. t.) To quicken or animate by chirping; to cherup.

Chirrup (v. i.) To chirp.

Chirrup (n.) The act of chirping; a chirp.

Chirrupy (a.) Cheerful; joyous; chatty.

Chirurgeon (n.) A surgeon.

Chirurgeonly (adv.) Surgically.

Chirurgery (n.) Surgery.

Chirurgic (a.) Alt. of Chirurgical

Chirurgical (a.) Surgical

Chisel (n.) A tool with a cutting edge on one end of a metal blade, used in dressing, shaping, or working in timber, stone, metal, etc.; -- usually driven by a mallet or hammer.

Chiseled (imp. & p. p.) of Chisel

Chiselled () of Chisel

Chiseling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chisel

Chiselling () of Chisel

Chisel (v. t.) To cut, pare, gouge, or engrave with a chisel; as, to chisel a block of marble into a statue.

Chisel (v. t.) To cut close, as in a bargain; to cheat.

Chisleu (n.) The ninth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering to a part of November with a part of December.

Chisley (a.) Having a large admixture of small pebbles or gravel; -- said of a soil.

Chit (n.) The embryo or the growing bud of a plant; a shoot; a sprout; as, the chits of Indian corn or of potatoes.

Chit (n.) A child or babe; as, a forward chit; also, a young, small, or insignificant person or animal.

Chit (n.) An excrescence on the body, as a wart.

Chit (n.) A small tool used in cleaving laths.

Chit (v. i.) To shoot out; to sprout.

Chit (3d sing.) Chideth.

Chitchat (n.) Familiar or trifling talk; prattle.

Chitin (n.) A white amorphous horny substance forming the harder part of the outer integument of insects, crustacea, and various other invertebrates; entomolin.

Chitinization (n.) The process of becoming chitinous.

Chitinous (a.) Having the nature of chitin; consisting of, or containing, chitin.

Chiton (n.) An under garment among the ancient Greeks, nearly representing the modern shirt.

Chiton (n.) One of a group of gastropod mollusks, with a shell composed of eight movable dorsal plates. See Polyplacophora.

Chitter (v. i.) To chirp in a tremulous manner, as a bird.

Chitter (v. i.) To shiver or chatter with cold.

Chitterling (n.) The frill to the breast of a shirt, which when ironed out resembled the small entrails. See Chitterlings.

Chitterlings (n. pl.) The smaller intestines of swine, etc., fried for food.

Chittra (n.) The axis deer of India.

Chitty (a.) Full of chits or sprouts.

Chitty (a.) Childish; like a babe.

Chivachie (n.) A cavalry raid; hence, a military expedition.

Chivalric (a.) Relating to chivalry; knightly; chivalrous.

Chivalrous (a.) Pertaining to chivalry or knight-errantry; warlike; heroic; gallant; high-spirited; high-minded; magnanimous.

Chivalrously (adv.) In a chivalrous manner; gallantly; magnanimously.

Chivalry (n.) A body or order of cavaliers or knights serving on horseback; illustrious warriors, collectively; cavalry.

Chivalry (n.) The dignity or system of knighthood; the spirit, usages, or manners of knighthood; the practice of knight-errantry.

Chivalry (n.) The qualifications or character of knights, as valor, dexterity in arms, courtesy, etc.

Chivalry (n.) A tenure of lands by knight's service; that is, by the condition of a knight's performing service on horseback, or of performing some noble or military service to his lord.

Chivalry (n.) Exploit.

Chive (n.) A filament of a stamen.

Chive (n.) A perennial plant (Allium Schoenoprasum), allied to the onion. The young leaves are used in omelets, etc.

Chivied (imp. & p. p.) of Chivy

Chivying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chivy

Chivy (v. t.) To goad, drive, hunt, throw, or pitch.

Chlamydate (a.) Having a mantle; -- applied to certain gastropods.

Chlamyphore (n.) A small South American edentate (Chlamyphorus truncatus, and C. retusus) allied to the armadillo. It is covered with a leathery shell or coat of mail, like a cloak, attached along the spine.

Chlamyses (pl. ) of Chlamys

Chlamydes (pl. ) of Chlamys

Chlamys (n.) A loose and flowing outer garment, worn by the ancient Greeks; a kind of cloak.

Chloasma (n.) A cutaneous affection characterized by yellow or yellowish brown pigmented spots.

Chloral (n.) A colorless oily liquid, CCl3.CHO, of a pungent odor and harsh taste, obtained by the action of chlorine upon ordinary or ethyl alcohol.

Chloral (n.) Chloral hydrate.

Chloralamide (n.) A compound of chloral and formic amide used to produce sleep.

Chloralism (n.) A morbid condition of the system resulting from excessive use of chloral.

Chloralum (n.) An impure aqueous solution of chloride of aluminium, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant.

Chloranil (n.) A yellow crystalline substance, C6Cl4.O2, regarded as a derivative of quinone, obtained by the action of chlorine on certain benzene derivatives, as aniline.

Chlorate (n.) A salt of chloric acid; as, chlorate of potassium.

Chloraurate (n.) See Aurochloride.

Chlorhydric (a.) Same as Hydrochloric.

Chlorhydrin (n.) One of a class of compounds formed from certain polybasic alcohols (and especially glycerin) by the substitution of chlorine for one or more hydroxyl groups.

Chloric (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, chloric acid, HClO3.

Chloridate (v. t.) To treat or prepare with a chloride, as a plate with chloride of silver, for the purposes of photography.

Chloride (n.) A binary compound of chlorine with another element or radical; as, chloride of sodium (common salt).

Chloridic (a.) Of or pertaining to a chloride; containing a chloride.

Chloridize (v. t.) See Chloridate.

Chlorimetry (n.) See Chlorometry.

Chlorinated (imp. & p. p.) of Chlorinate

Chlorinating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chlorinate

Chlorinate (v. t.) To treat, or cause to combine, with chlorine.

Chlorination (n.) The act or process of subjecting anything to the action of chlorine; especially, a process for the extraction of gold by exposure of the auriferous material to chlorine gas.

Chlorine (n.) One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt. It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4.

Chloriodic (a.) Compounded of chlorine and iodine; containing chlorine and iodine.

Chloriodine (n.) A compound of chlorine and iodine.

Chlorite (n.) The name of a group of minerals, usually of a green color and micaceous to granular in structure. They are hydrous silicates of alumina, iron, and magnesia.

Chlorite (n.) Any salt of chlorous acid; as, chlorite of sodium.

Chloritic (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, chlorite; as, chloritic sand.

Chlormethane (n.) A colorless gas, CH3Cl, of a sweet odor, easily condensed to a liquid; -- called also methyl chloride.

Chloro- () A prefix denoting that chlorine is an ingredient in the substance named.

Chlorocruorin (n.) A green substance, supposed to be the cause of the green color of the blood in some species of worms.

Chlorodyne (n.) A patent anodyne medicine, containing opium, chloroform, Indian hemp, etc.

Chloroform (n.) A colorless volatile liquid, CHCl3, having an ethereal odor and a sweetish taste, formed by treating alcohol with chlorine and an alkali. It is a powerful solvent of wax, resin, etc., and is extensively used to produce anaesthesia in surgical operations; also externally, to alleviate pain.

Chloroformed (imp. & p. p.) of Chloroform

Chloroforming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chloroform

Chloroform (v. t.) To treat with chloroform, or to place under its influence.

Chloroleucite (n.) Same as Chloroplastid.

Chlorometer (n.) An instrument to test the decoloring or bleaching power of chloride of lime.

Chlorometry (n.) The process of testing the bleaching power of any combination of chlorine.

Chloropal (n.) A massive mineral, greenish in color, and opal-like in appearance. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of iron.

Chloropeptic (a.) Of or pertaining to an acid more generally called pepsin-hydrochloric acid.

Chlorophane (n.) A variety of fluor spar, which, when heated, gives a beautiful emerald green light.

Chlorophane (n.) The yellowish green pigment in the inner segment of the cones of the retina. See Chromophane.

Chlorophyll (n.) Literally, leaf green; a green granular matter formed in the cells of the leaves (and other parts exposed to light) of plants, to which they owe their green color, and through which all ordinary assimilation of plant food takes place. Similar chlorophyll granules have been found in the tissues of the lower animals.

Chloroplastid (n.) A granule of chlorophyll; -- also called chloroleucite.

Chloroplatinic (a.) See Platinichloric.

Chlorosis (n.) The green sickness; an anaemic disease of young women, characterized by a greenish or grayish yellow hue of the skin, weakness, palpitation, etc.

Chlorosis (n.) A disease in plants, causing the flowers to turn green or the leaves to lose their normal green color.

Chlorotic (a.) Pertaining to, or affected by, chlorosis.

Chlorous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of three, the next lower than in chloric compounds; as, chlorous acid, HClO2.

Chlorous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the electro-negative character of chlorine; hence, electro-negative; -- opposed to basylous or zincous.

Chlorpicrin (n.) A heavy, colorless liquid, CCl3.NO2, of a strong pungent odor, obtained by subjecting picric acid to the action of chlorine.

Chloruret (n.) A chloride.

Choak (v. t. & i.) See Choke.

Choanoid (a.) Funnel-shaped; -- applied particularly to a hollow muscle attached to the ball of the eye in many reptiles and mammals.

Chocard (n.) The chough.

Chocked (imp. & p. p.) of Chock

Chocking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chock

Chock (v. t.) To stop or fasten, as with a wedge, or block; to scotch; as, to chock a wheel or cask.

Chock (v. i.) To fill up, as a cavity.

Chock (n.) A wedge, or block made to fit in any space which it is desired to fill, esp. something to steady a cask or other body, or prevent it from moving, by fitting into the space around or beneath it.

Chock (n.) A heavy casting of metal, usually fixed near the gunwale. It has two short horn-shaped arms curving inward, between which ropes or hawsers may pass for towing, mooring, etc.

Chock (adv.) Entirely; quite; as, chock home; chock aft.

Chock (v. t.) To encounter.

Chock (n.) An encounter.

Chockablock (a.) Hoisted as high as the tackle will admit; brought close together, as the two blocks of a tackle in hoisting.

Chock-full (a.) Quite full; choke-full.

Chocolate (n.) A paste or cake composed of the roasted seeds of the Theobroma Cacao ground and mixed with other ingredients, usually sugar, and cinnamon or vanilla.

Chocolate (n.) The beverage made by dissolving a portion of the paste or cake in boiling water or milk.

Choctaws (n. pl.) A tribe of North American Indians (Southern Appalachian), in early times noted for their pursuit of agriculture, and for living at peace with the white settlers. They are now one of the civilized tribes of the Indian Territory.

Chode () the old imp. of chide. See Chide.

Chogset (n.) See Cunner.

Choice (n.) Act of choosing; the voluntary act of selecting or separating from two or more things that which is preferred; the determination of the mind in preferring one thing to another; election.

Choice (n.) The power or opportunity of choosing; option.

Choice (n.) Care in selecting; judgment or skill in distinguishing what is to be preferred, and in giving a preference; discrimination.

Choice (n.) A sufficient number to choose among.

Choice (n.) The thing or person chosen; that which is approved and selected in preference to others; selection.

Choice (n.) The best part; that which is preferable.

Choice (superl.) Worthly of being chosen or preferred; select; superior; precious; valuable.

Choice (superl.) Preserving or using with care, as valuable; frugal; -- used with of; as, to be choice of time, or of money.

Choice (superl.) Selected with care, and due attention to preference; deliberately chosen.

Choiceful (a.) Making choices; fickle.

Choicely (adv.) With care in choosing; with nice regard to preference.

Choicely (adv.) In a preferable or excellent manner; excellently; eminently.

Choiceness (n.) The quality of being of particular value or worth; nicely; excellence.

Choir (n.) A band or organized company of singers, especially in church service.

Choir (n.) That part of a church appropriated to the singers.

Choir (n.) The chancel.

Choked (imp. & p. p.) of Choke

Choking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Choke

Choke (v. t.) To render unable to breathe by filling, pressing upon, or squeezing the windpipe; to stifle; to suffocate; to strangle.

Choke (v. t.) To obstruct by filling up or clogging any passage; to block up.

Choke (v. t.) To hinder or check, as growth, expansion, progress, etc.; to stifle.

Choke (v. t.) To affect with a sense of strangulation by passion or strong feeling.

Choke (v. t.) To make a choke, as in a cartridge, or in the bore of the barrel of a shotgun.

Choke (v. i.) To have the windpipe stopped; to have a spasm of the throat, caused by stoppage or irritation of the windpipe; to be strangled.

Choke (v. i.) To be checked, as if by choking; to stick.

Choke (n.) A stoppage or irritation of the windpipe, producing the feeling of strangulation.

Choke (n.) The tied end of a cartridge.

Choke (n.) A constriction in the bore of a shotgun, case of a rocket, etc.

Chokeberry (n.) The small apple-shaped or pear-shaped fruit of an American shrub (Pyrus arbutifolia) growing in damp thickets; also, the shrub.

Chokecherry (n.) The astringent fruit of a species of wild cherry (Prunus Virginiana); also, the bush or tree which bears such fruit.

Choke damp () See Carbonic acid, under Carbonic.

Chokedar (n.) A watchman; an officer of customs or police.

Choke-full (a.) Full to the brim; quite full; chock-full.

Choke pear () A kind of pear that has a rough, astringent taste, and is swallowed with difficulty, or which contracts the mucous membrane of the mouth.

Choke pear () A sarcasm by which one is put to silence; anything that can not be answered.

Choker (n.) One who, or that which, chokes.

Choker (n.) A stiff wide cravat; a stock.

Choke-strap (n.) A strap leading from the bellyband to the lower part of the collar, to keep the collar in place.

Choking (a.) That chokes; producing the feeling of strangulation.

Choking (a.) Indistinct in utterance, as the voice of a person affected with strong emotion.

Choky Chokey (a.) Tending to choke or suffocate, or having power to suffocate.

Choky Chokey (a.) Inclined to choke, as a person affected with strong emotion.

Cholaemaa (n.) A disease characterized by severe nervous symptoms, dependent upon the presence of the constituents of the bile in the blood.

Cholagogue (a.) Promoting the discharge of bile from the system.

Cholagogue (n.) An agent which promotes the discharge of bile from the system.

Cholate (n.) A salt of cholic acid; as, sodium cholate.

Cholecystis (n.) The gall bladder.

Cholecystotomy (n.) The operation of making an opening in the gall bladder, as for the removal of a gallstone.

Choledology (n.) A treatise on the bile and bilary organs.

Choleic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, bile; as, choleic acid.

Choler (n.) The bile; -- formerly supposed to be the seat and cause of irascibility.

Choler (n.) Irritation of the passions; anger; wrath.

Cholera (n.) One of several diseases affecting the digestive and intestinal tract and more or less dangerous to life, esp. the one commonly called Asiatic cholera.

Choleraic (a.) Relating to, or resulting from, or resembling, cholera.

Choleric (a.) Abounding with, or producing choler, or bile.

Choleric (a.) Easily irritated; irascible; inclined to anger.

Choleric (a.) Angry; indicating anger; excited by anger.

Cholericly (adv.) In a choleric manner; angrily.

Choleriform (a.) Resembling cholera.

Cholerine (n.) The precursory symptoms of cholera.

Cholerine (n.) The first stage of epidemic cholera.

Cholerine (n.) A mild form of cholera.

Choleroid (a.) Choleriform.

Cholesteric (a.) Pertaining to cholesterin, or obtained from it; as, cholesteric acid.

Cholesterin (n.) A white, fatty, crystalline substance, tasteless and odorless, found in animal and plant products and tissue, and especially in nerve tissue, in the bile, and in gallstones.

Choliamb (n.) Alt. of Choliambic

Choliambic (n.) A verse having an iambus in the fifth place, and a spondee in the sixth or last.

Cholic (a.) Alt. of Cholinic

Cholinic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the bile.

Choline (n.) See Neurine.

Cholochrome (n.) See Bilirubin.

Cholophaein (n.) See Bilirubin.

Choltry (n.) A Hindoo caravansary.

Chomp (v. i.) To chew loudly and greedily; to champ.

Chondrification (n.) Formation of, or conversion into, cartilage.

Chondrify (v. t. & i.) To convert, or be converted, into cartilage.

Chondrigen (n.) The chemical basis of cartilage, converted by long boiling in water into a gelatinous body called chondrin.

Chondrigenous (a.) Affording chondrin.

Chondrin (n.) A colorless, amorphous, nitrogenous substance, tasteless and odorless, formed from cartilaginous tissue by long-continued action of boiling water. It is similar to gelatin, and is a large ingredient of commercial gelatin.

Chondrite (n.) A meteoric stone characterized by the presence of chondrules.

Chondritic (a.) Granular; pertaining to, or having the granular structure characteristic of, the class of meteorites called chondrites.

Chondritis (n.) An inflammation of cartilage.

Chondro- () A combining form meaning a grain, granular, granular cartilage, cartilaginous; as, the chondrocranium, the cartilaginous skull of the lower vertebrates and of embryos.

Chondrodite (n.) A fluosilicate of magnesia and iron, yellow to red in color, often occurring in granular form in a crystalline limestone.

Chondroganoidea (n.) An order of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons; -- so called on account of their cartilaginous skeleton.

Chondrogen (n.) Same as Chondrigen.

Chondrogenesis (n.) The development of cartilage.

Chondroid (a.) Resembling cartilage.

Chondrology (n.) The science which treats of cartilages.

Chondromata (pl. ) of Chondroma

Chondroma (n.) A cartilaginous tumor or growth.

Chondrometer (n.) A steelyard for weighting grain.

Chondropterygian (a.) Having a cartilaginous skeleton.

Chondropterygian (n.) One of the Chondropterygii.

Chondropterygii (n. pl.) A group of fishes, characterized by cartilaginous fins and skeleton. It includes both ganoids (sturgeons, etc.) and selachians (sharks), but is now often restricted to the latter.

Chondrostei (n. pl.) An order of fishes, including the sturgeons; -- so named because the skeleton is cartilaginous.

Chondrotomy (n.) The dissection of cartilages.

Chondrule (n.) A peculiar rounded granule of some mineral, usually enstatite or chrysolite, found imbedded more or less abundantly in the mass of many meteoric stones, which are hence called chondrites.

Chose (imp.) of Choose

Chosen (p. p.) of Choose

Chose () of Choose

Choosing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Choose

Choose (v. t.) To make choice of; to select; to take by way of preference from two or more objects offered; to elect; as, to choose the least of two evils.

Choose (v. t.) To wish; to desire; to prefer.

Choose (v. i.) To make a selection; to decide.

Choose (v. i.) To do otherwise.

Chooser (n.) One who chooses; one who has the power or right of choosing; an elector.

Chopped (imp. & p. p.) of Chop

Chopping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chop

Chop (v. t.) To cut by striking repeatedly with a sharp instrument; to cut into pieces; to mince; -- often with up.

Chop (v. t.) To sever or separate by one more blows of a sharp instrument; to divide; -- usually with off or down.

Chop (v. t.) To seize or devour greedily; -- with up.

Chop (v. i.) To make a quick strike, or repeated strokes, with an ax or other sharp instrument.

Chop (v. i.) To do something suddenly with an unexpected motion; to catch or attempt to seize.

Chop (v. i.) To interrupt; -- with in or out.

Chop (v. i.) To barter or truck.

Chop (v. i.) To exchange; substitute one thing for another.

Chop (v. i.) To purchase by way of truck.

Chop (v. i.) To vary or shift suddenly; as, the wind chops about.

Chop (v. i.) To wrangle; to altercate; to bandy words.

Chop (n.) A change; a vicissitude.

Chop (v. t. & i.) To crack. See Chap, v. t. & i.

Chop (n.) The act of chopping; a stroke.

Chop (n.) A piece chopped off; a slice or small piece, especially of meat; as, a mutton chop.

Chop (n.) A crack or cleft. See Chap.

Chop (n.) A jaw of an animal; -- commonly in the pl. See Chops.

Chop (n.) A movable jaw or cheek, as of a wooden vise.

Chop (n.) The land at each side of the mouth of a river, harbor, or channel; as, East Chop or West Chop. See Chops.

Chop (n.) Quality; brand; as, silk of the first chop.

Chop (n.) A permit or clearance.

Chopboat (n.) A licensed lighter employed in the transportation of goods to and from vessels.

Chopchurch (n.) An exchanger or an exchange of benefices.

Chopfallen (a.) Having the lower chop or jaw depressed; hence, crestfallen; dejected; dispirited; downcast. See Chapfallen.

Chophouse (n.) A house where chops, etc., are sold; an eating house.

Chophouse (n.) A customhouse where transit duties are levied.

Chopin (n.) A liquid measure formerly used in France and Great Britain, varying from half a pint to a wine quart.

Chopin (n.) See Chopine.

Chopine (n.) A clog, or patten, having a very thick sole, or in some cases raised upon a stilt to a height of a foot or more.

Chop-logic (n.) One who bandies words or is very argumentative.

Chopness (n.) A kind of spade.

Chopper (n.) One who, or that which, chops.

Chopping (a.) Stout or plump; large.

Chopping (a.) Shifting or changing suddenly, as the wind; also, having tumbling waves dashing against each other; as, a chopping sea.

Chopping (n.) Act of cutting by strokes.

Choppy (a.) Full of cracks.

Choppy (a.) Rough, with short, tumultuous waves; as, a choppy sea.

Chops (n. pl.) The jaws; also, the fleshy parts about the mouth.

Chops (n. pl.) The sides or capes at the mouth of a river, channel, harbor, or bay; as, the chops of the English Channel.

Chopstick (n.) One of two small sticks of wood, ivory, etc., used by the Chinese and Japanese to convey food to the mouth.

Choragic (a.) Of or pertaining to a choragus.

Choragi (pl. ) of Choragus

Choragus (n.) A chorus leader; esp. one who provided at his own expense and under his own supervision one of the choruses for the musical contents at Athens.

Choral (a.) Of or pertaining to a choir or chorus; singing, sung, or adapted to be sung, in chorus or harmony.

Choral (n.) A hymn tune; a simple sacred tune, sung in unison by the congregation; as, the Lutheran chorals.

Choralist (n.) A singer or composer of chorals.

Chorally (adv.) In the manner of a chorus; adapted to be sung by a choir; in harmony.

Chord (n.) The string of a musical instrument.

Chord (n.) A combination of tones simultaneously performed, producing more or less perfect harmony, as, the common chord.

Chord (n.) A right line uniting the extremities of the arc of a circle or curve.

Chord (n.) A cord. See Cord, n., 4.

Chord (n.) The upper or lower part of a truss, usually horizontal, resisting compression or tension.

Chorded (imp. & p. p.) of Chord

Chording (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chord

Chord (v. t.) To provide with musical chords or strings; to string; to tune.

Chord (v. i.) To accord; to harmonize together; as, this note chords with that.

Chorda (n.) A cord.

Chordal (a.) Of or pertaining to a chord.

Chordata (n. pl.) A comprehensive division of animals including all Vertebrata together with the Tunicata, or all those having a dorsal nervous cord.

Chordee (n.) A painful erection of the penis, usually with downward curvature, occurring in gonorrhea.

Chore (n.) A small job; in the pl., the regular or daily light work of a household or farm, either within or without doors.

Chored (imp. & p. p.) of Chore

Choring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chore

Chore (v. i.) To do chores.

Chore (n.) A choir or chorus.

Chorea (n.) St. Vitus's dance; a disease attended with convulsive twitchings and other involuntary movements of the muscles or limbs.

Choree (n.) See Choreus.

Choregraphic (a.) Alt. of Choregraphical

Choregraphical (a.) Pertaining to choregraphy.

Choregraphy (n.) The art of representing dancing by signs, as music is represented by notes.

Choreic (a.) Of the nature of, or pertaining to, chorea; convulsive.

Chorepiscopal (a.) Pertaining to a chorepiscopus or his change or authority.

Chorepiscopi (pl. ) of Chorepiscopus

Chorepiscopus (n.) A "country" or suffragan bishop, appointed in the ancient church by a diocesan bishop to exercise episcopal jurisdiction in a rural district.

Choreus (n.) Alt. of Choree

Choree (n.) a trochee.

Choree (n.) A tribrach.

Choriambs (pl. ) of Choriamb

Choriamb (n.) Same as Choriambus.

Choriambic (a.) Pertaining to a choriamb.

Choriambic (n.) A choriamb.

Choriambi (pl. ) of Choriambus

Choriambuses (pl. ) of Choriambus

Choriambus (n.) A foot consisting of four syllables, of which the first and last are long, and the other short (- ~ ~ -); that is, a choreus, or trochee, and an iambus united.

Choric (a.) Of or pertaining to a chorus.

Chorion (n.) The outer membrane which invests the fetus in the womb; also, the similar membrane investing many ova at certain stages of development.

Chorion (n.) The true skin, or cutis.

Chorion (n.) The outer membrane of seeds of plants.

Chorisis (n.) The separation of a leaf or floral organ into two more parts.

Chorist (n.) A singer in a choir; a chorister.

Chorister (n.) One of a choir; a singer in a chorus.

Chorister (n.) One who leads a choir in church music.

Choristic (a.) Choric; choral.

Chorograph (n.) An instrument for constructing triangles in marine surveying, etc.

Chorographer (n.) One who describes or makes a map of a district or region.

Chorographer (n.) A geographical antiquary; one who investigates the locality of ancient places.

Chorographical (a.) Pertaining to chorography.

Chorography (n.) the mapping or description of a region or district.

Choroid (a.) resembling the chorion; as, the choroid plexuses of the ventricles of the brain, and the choroid coat of the eyeball.

Choroid (n.) The choroid coat of the eye. See Eye.

Choroidal (a.) Pertaining to the choroid coat.

Chorology (n.) The science which treats of the laws of distribution of living organisms over the earth's surface as to latitude, altitude, locality, etc.

Chorometry (n.) The art of surveying a region or district.

Choruses (pl. ) of Chorus

Chorus (n.) A band of singers and dancers.

Chorus (n.) A company of persons supposed to behold what passed in the acts of a tragedy, and to sing the sentiments which the events suggested in couplets or verses between the acts; also, that which was thus sung by the chorus.

Chorus (n.) An interpreter in a dumb show or play.

Chorus (n.) A company of singers singing in concert.

Chorus (n.) A composition of two or more parts, each of which is intended to be sung by a number of voices.

Chorus (n.) Parts of a song or hymn recurring at intervals, as at the end of stanzas; also, a company of singers who join with the singer or choir in singer or choir in singing such parts.

Chorus (n.) The simultaneous of a company in any noisy demonstration; as, a Chorus of shouts and catcalls.

Chorused (imp. & p. p.) of Chorus

Chorusing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chorus

Chorus (v. i.) To sing in chorus; to exclaim simultaneously.

Choses (pl. ) of Chose

Chose (n.) A thing; personal property.

Chose () imp. & p. p. of Choose.

Chosen (p. p.) Selected from a number; picked out; choice.

Chosen (n.) One who, or that which is the object of choice or special favor.

Chouan (n.) One of the royalist insurgents in western France (Brittany, etc.), during and after the French revolution.

Chough (n.) A bird of the Crow family (Fregilus graculus) of Europe. It is of a black color, with a long, slender, curved bill and red legs; -- also called chauk, chauk-daw, chocard, Cornish chough, red-legged crow. The name is also applied to several allied birds, as the Alpine chough.

Chouicha (n.) The salmon of the Columbia River or California. See Quinnat.

Chouka (n.) The Indian four-horned antelope; the chikara.

Choule (n.) See Jowl.

Choultry (n.) See Choltry.

Choused (imp. & p. p.) of Chouse

Chousing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chouse

Chouse (v. t.) To cheat, trick, defraud; -- followed by of, or out of; as, to chouse one out of his money.

Chouse (n.) One who is easily cheated; a tool; a simpleton; a gull.

Chouse (n.) A trick; sham; imposition.

Chouse (n.) A swindler.

Chout (n.) An assessment equal to a fourth part of the revenue.

Chowchow (a.) Consisting of several kinds mingled together; mixed; as, chowchow sweetmeats (preserved fruits put together).

Chowchow (n.) A kind of mixed pickles.

Chowder (n.) A dish made of fresh fish or clams, biscuit, onions, etc., stewed together.

Chowder (n.) A seller of fish.

Chowder (v. t.) To make a chowder of.

Chowry (n.) A whisk to keep off files, used in the East Indies.

Chowter (v. t.) To grumble or mutter like a froward child.

Choy root () See Chay root.

Chrematistics (n.) The science of wealth; the science, or a branch of the science, of political economy.

Chreotechnics (n.) The science of the useful arts, esp. agriculture, manufactures, and commerce.

Chrestomathic (a.) Teaching what is useful.

Chrestomathy (n.) A selection of passages, with notes, etc., to be used in acquiring a language; as, a Hebrew chrestomathy.

Chrism (n.) Olive oil mixed with balm and spices, consecrated by the bishop on Maundy Thursday, and used in the administration of baptism, confirmation, ordination, etc.

Chrism (n.) The same as Chrisom.

Chrismal (a.) Of or pertaining to or used in chrism.

Chrismation (n.) The act of applying the chrism, or consecrated oil.

Chrismatory (n.) A cruet or vessel in which chrism is kept.

Chrisom (n.) A white cloth, anointed with chrism, or a white mantle thrown over a child when baptized or christened.

Chrisom (n.) A child which died within a month after its baptism; -- so called from the chrisom cloth which was used as a shroud for it.

Christ (n.) The Anointed; an appellation given to Jesus, the Savior. It is synonymous with the Hebrew Messiah.

Christcross (n.) The mark of the cross, as cut, painted, written, or stamped on certain objects, -- sometimes as the sign of 12 o'clock on a dial.

Christcross (n.) The beginning and the ending.

Christcross-row () The alphabet; -- formerly so called, either from the cross usually set before it, or from a superstitious custom, sometimes practiced, of writing it in the form of a cross, by way of a charm.

Christened (imp. & p. p.) of Christen

Christening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Christen

Christen (v. t.) To baptize and give a Christian name to.

Christen (v. t.) To give a name; to denominate.

Christen (v. t.) To Christianize.

Christen (v. t.) To use for the first time.

Christendom (n.) The profession of faith in Christ by baptism; hence, the Christian religion, or the adoption of it.

Christendom (n.) The name received at baptism; or, more generally, any name or appelation.

Christendom (n.) That portion of the world in which Christianity prevails, or which is governed under Christian institutions, in distinction from heathen or Mohammedan lands.

Christendom (n.) The whole body of Christians.

Christian (n.) One who believes, or professes or is assumed to believe, in Jesus Christ, and the truth as taught by Him; especially, one whose inward and outward life is conformed to the doctrines of Christ.

Christian (n.) One born in a Christian country or of Christian parents, and who has not definitely becomes an adherent of an opposing system.

Christian (n.) One of a Christian denomination which rejects human creeds as bases of fellowship, and sectarian names. They are congregational in church government, and baptize by immersion. They are also called Disciples of Christ, and Campbellites.

Christian (n.) One of a sect (called Christian Connection) of open-communion immersionists. The Bible is their only authoritative rule of faith and practice.

Christian (a.) Pertaining to Christ or his religion; as, Christian people.

Christian (a.) Pertaining to the church; ecclesiastical; as, a Christian court.

Christian (a.) Characteristic of Christian people; civilized; kind; kindly; gentle; beneficent.

Christianism (n.) The Christian religion.

Christianism (n.) The Christian world; Christendom.

Christianite (n.) Same as Anorthite.

Christianite (n.) See Phillipsite.

Christianity (n.) The religion of Christians; the system of doctrines and precepts taught by Christ.

Christianity (n.) Practical conformity of one's inward and outward life to the spirit of the Christian religion

Christianity (n.) The body of Christian believers.

Christianization (n.) The act or process of converting or being converted to a true Christianity.

Christianized (imp. & p. p.) of Christianize

Christianizing (p. pr. vb. n.) of Christianize

Christianize (v. t.) To make Christian; to convert to Christianity; as, to Christianize pagans.

Christianize (v. t.) To imbue with or adapt to Christian principles.

Christianize (v. i.) To adopt the character or belief of a Christian; to become Christian.

Christianlike (a.) Becoming to a Christian.

Christianly (adv.) In a manner becoming the principles of the Christian religion.

Christianly (a.) Christianlike.

Christianness (n.) Consonance with the doctrines of Christianity.

Christless (a.) Without faith in Christ; unchristian.

Christlike (a.) Resembling Christ in character, actions, etc.

Christly (a.) Christlike.

Christmas (n.) An annual church festival (December 25) and in some States a legal holiday, in memory of the birth of Christ, often celebrated by a particular church service, and also by special gifts, greetings, and hospitality.

Christmastide (n.) The season of Christmas.

Christocentric (a.) Making Christ the center, about whom all things are grouped, as in religion or history; tending toward Christ, as the central object of thought or emotion.

Christology (n.) A treatise on Christ; that department of theology which treats of the personality, attributes, or life of Christ.

Christom (n.) See Chrisom.

Christophany (n.) An appearance of Christ, as to his disciples after the crucifixion.

Christ's-thorn (n.) One of several prickly or thorny shrubs found in Palestine, especially the Paliurus aculeatus, Zizyphus Spina-Christi, and Z. vulgaris. The last bears the fruit called jujube, and may be considered to have been the most readily obtainable for the Crown of Thorns.

Chromascope (n.) An instrument for showing the optical effects of color.

Chromate (n.) A salt of chromic acid.

Chromatic (a.) Relating to color, or to colors.

Chromatic (a.) Proceeding by the smaller intervals (half steps or semitones) of the scale, instead of the regular intervals of the diatonic scale.

Chromatical (a.) Chromatic.

Chromatically (adv.) In a chromatic manner.

Chromatics (n.) The science of colors; that part of optics which treats of the properties of colors.

Chromatin (n.) Tissue which is capable of being stained by dyes.

Chromatism (n.) The state of being colored, as in the case of images formed by a lens.

Chromatism (n.) An abnormal coloring of plants.

Chromatogenous (a.) Producing color.

Chromatography (n.) A treatise on colors

Chromatology (n.) A treatise on colors.

Chromatophore (n.) A contractile cell or vesicle containing liquid pigment and capable of changing its form or size, thus causing changes of color in the translucent skin of such animals as possess them. They are highly developed and numerous in the cephalopods.

Chromatophore (n.) One of the granules of protoplasm, which in mass give color to the part of the plant containing them.

Chromatoscope (n.) A reflecting telescope, part of which is made to rotate eccentrically, so as to produce a ringlike image of a star, instead of a point; -- used in studying the scintillation of the stars.

Chromatosphere (n.) A chromosphere.

Chromatrope (n.) An instrument for exhibiting certain chromatic effects of light (depending upon the persistence of vision and mixture of colors) by means of rapidly rotating disks variously colored.

Chromatrope (n.) A device in a magic lantern or stereopticon to produce kaleidoscopic effects.

Chromatype (n.) A colored photographic picture taken upon paper made sensitive with potassium bichromate or some other salt of chromium.

Chromatype (n.) The process by which such picture is made.

Chrome (n.) Same as Chromium.

Chromic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chromium; -- said of the compounds of chromium in which it has its higher valence.

Chromid (n.) One of the Chromidae, a family of fresh-water fishes abundant in the tropical parts of America and Africa. Some are valuable food fishes, as the bulti of the Nile.

Chromidrosis (n.) Secretion of abnormally colored perspiration.

Chromism (n.) Same as Chromatism.

Chromite (n.) A black submetallic mineral consisting of oxide of chromium and iron; -- called also chromic iron.

Chromite (n.) A compound or salt of chromous hydroxide regarded as an acid.

Chromium (n.) A comparatively rare element occurring most abundantly in the mineral chromite. Atomic weight 52.5. Symbol Cr. When isolated it is a hard, brittle, grayish white metal, fusible with difficulty. Its chief commercial importance is for its compounds, as potassium chromate, lead chromate, etc., which are brilliantly colored and are used dyeing and calico printing. Called also chrome.

Chromos (pl. ) of Chromo

Chromo (n.) A chromolithograph.

Chromoblast (n.) An embryonic cell which develops into a pigment cell.

Chromogen () Vegetable coloring matter other than green; chromule.

Chromogen () Any colored compound, supposed to contain one or more chromophores.

Chromogenic (a.) Containing, or capable of forming, chromogen; as, chromogenic bacteria.

Chromograph (n.) An apparatus by which a number of copies of written matter, maps, plans, etc., can be made; -- called also hectograph.

Chromoleucite (n.) A chromoplastid.

Chromolithograph (n.) A picture printed in tints and colors by repeated impressions from a series of stones prepared by the lithographic process.

Chromolithographer (n.) One who is engaged in chromolithography.

Chromolithographic (a.) Pertaining to, or made by, chromolithography.

Chromolithography (n.) Lithography adapted to printing in inks of various colors.

Chromophane (n.) A general name for the several coloring matters, red, green, yellow, etc., present in the inner segments in the cones of the retina, held in solution by fats, and slowly decolorized by light; distinct from the photochemical pigments of the rods of the retina.

Chromophore (n.) Any chemical group or residue (as NO2; N2; or O2) which imparts some decided color to the compound of which it is an ingredient.

Chromophotography (n.) The art of producing photographs in colors.

Chromophotolithograph (n.) A photolithograph printed in colors.

Chromoplastid (n.) A protoplasmic granule of some other color than green; -- also called chromoleucite.

Chromosome (n.) One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the idant of Weismann.

Chromosphere (n.) An atmosphere of rare matter, composed principally of incandescent hydrogen gas, surrounding the sun and enveloping the photosphere. Portions of the chromosphere are here and there thrown up into enormous tongues of flame.

Chromospheric (a.) Of or pertaining to the chromosphere.

Chromotype (n.) A sheet printed in colors by any process, as a chromolithograph. See Chromolithograph.

Chromotype (n.) A photographic picture in the natural colors.

Chromous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, chromium, when this element has a valence lower than that in chromic compounds.

Chromule (n.) A general name for coloring matter of plants other than chlorophyll, especially that of petals.

Chronic (a.) Relating to time; according to time.

Chronic (a.) Continuing for a long time; lingering; habitual.

Chronical (a.) Chronic.

Chronicle (n.) An historical register or account of facts or events disposed in the order of time.

Chronicle (n.) A narrative of events; a history; a record.

Chronicle (n.) The two canonical books of the Old Testament in which immediately follow 2 Kings.

Chronicled (imp. & p. p.) of Chronicle

Chronicling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chronicle

Chronicle (v. t.) To record in a history or chronicle; to record; to register.

Chronicler (n.) A writer of a chronicle; a recorder of events in the order of time; an historian.

Chronique (n.) A chronicle.

Chronogram (n.) An inscription in which certain numeral letters, made to appear specially conspicuous, on being added together, express a particular date or epoch, as in the motto of a medal struck by Gustavus Adolphus in 1632: ChrIstVs DVX; ergo trIVMphVs.- the capitals of which give, when added as numerals, the sum 1632.

Chronogram (n.) The record or inscription made by a chronograph.

Chronogrammatic (a.) Alt. of Chronogrammatical

Chronogrammatical (a.) Belonging to a chronogram, or containing one.

Chronogrammatist (n.) A writer of chronograms.

Chronograph (n.) An instrument for measuring or recording intervals of time, upon a revolving drum or strip of paper moved by clockwork. The action of the stylus or pen is controlled by electricity.

Chronograph (n.) Same as Chronogram, 1.

Chronograph (n.) A chronoscope.

Chronographer (n.) One who writes a chronography; a chronologer.

Chronographic (a.) Of or pertaining to a chronograph.

Chronography (n.) A description or record of past time; history.

Chronologer (n.) Same as Chronologist.

Chronologic (a.) Alt. of Chronological

Chronological (a.) Relating to chronology; containing an account of events in the order of time; according to the order of time; as, chronological tables.

Chronologist (n.) Alt. of Chronologer

Chronologer (n.) A person who investigates dates of events and transactions; one skilled in chronology.

Chronologies (pl. ) of Chronology

Chronology (n.) The science which treats of measuring time by regular divisions or periods, and which assigns to events or transactions their proper dates.

Chronometer (n.) An instrument for measuring time; a timekeeper.

Chronometer (n.) A portable timekeeper, with a heavy compensation balance, and usually beating half seconds; -- intended to keep time with great accuracy for use an astronomical observations, in determining longitude, etc.

Chronometer (n.) A metronome.

Chronometric (a.) Alt. of Chronometrical

Chronometrical (a.) Pertaining to a chronometer; measured by a chronometer.

Chronometry (n.) The art of measuring time; the measuring of time by periods or divisions.

Chronopher (n.) An instrument signaling the correct time to distant points by electricity.

Chronoscope (n.) An instrument for measuring minute intervals of time; used in determining the velocity of projectiles, the duration of short-lived luminous phenomena, etc.

Chrysalid (a.) Pertaining to a chrysalis; resembling a chrysalis.

Chrysalids (pl. ) of Chrysalid

Chrysalid (n.) See Chrysalis.

Chrysalides (pl. ) of Chrysalis

Chrysalis (n.) The pupa state of certain insects, esp. of butterflies, from which the perfect insect emerges. See Pupa, and Aurelia (a).

Chrysaniline (n.) A yellow substance obtained as a by-product in the manufacture of rosaniline. It dyes silk a fine golden-yellow color.

Chrysanthemum (n.) A genus of composite plants, mostly perennial, and of many species including the many varieties of garden chrysanthemums (annual and perennial), and also the feverfew and the oxeye daisy.

Chrysarobin (n.) A bitter, yellow substance forming the essential constituent of Goa powder, and yielding chrysophanic acid proper; hence formerly called also chrysphanic acid.

Chrysaurin (n.) An orange-colored dyestuff, of artificial production.

Chryselephantine (a.) Composed of, or adorned with, gold and ivory.

Chrysene (n.) One of the higher aromatic hydrocarbons of coal tar, allied to naphthalene and anthracene. It is a white crystalline substance, C18H12, of strong blue fluorescence, but generally colored yellow by impurities.

Chrysoberyl (n.) A mineral, found in crystals, of a yellow to green or brown color, and consisting of aluminia and glucina. It is very hard, and is often used as a gem.

Chrysochlore (n.) A South African mole of the genus Chrysochloris; the golden mole, the fur of which reflects brilliant metallic hues of green and gold.

Chrysocolla (n.) A hydrous silicate of copper, occurring massive, of a blue or greenish blue color.

Chrysogen (n.) A yellow crystalline substance extracted from crude anthracene.

Chrysography (n.) The art of writing in letters of gold.

Chrysography (n.) A writing executed in letters of gold.

Chrysoidine (n.) An artificial, yellow, crystalline dye, C6H5N2.C6H3(NH2)2. Also, one of a group of dyestuffs resembling chrysoidine proper.

Chrysolite (n.) A mineral, composed of silica, magnesia, and iron, of a yellow to green color. It is common in certain volcanic rocks; -- called also olivine and peridot. Sometimes used as a gem. The name was also early used for yellow varieties of tourmaline and topaz.

Chrysology (n.) That branch of political economy which relates to the production of wealth.

Chrysopa (n.) A genus of neuropterous insects. See Lacewing.

Chrysophane (n.) A glucoside extracted from rhubarb as a bitter, yellow, crystalline powder, and yielding chrysophanic acid on decomposition.

Chrysophanic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, or resembling, chrysophane.

Chrysoprase (n.) An apple-green variety of chalcedony, colored by nickel. It has a dull flinty luster, and is sometimes used in jewelry.

Chrysoprasus (n.) See Chrysoprase.

Chrysosperm (n.) The seed of gold; a means of creating gold.

Chrysotype (n.) A photographic picture taken upon paper prepared by the use of a sensitive salt of iron and developed by the application of chloride of gold.

Chrysotype (n.) 2process, invented by Sir J.Herschel.

Chthonic (a.) Pertaining to the earth; earthy; as, chthonic religions.

Chthonophagia (n.) Alt. of Chthonophagy

Chthonophagy (n.) A disease characterized by an irresistible desire to eat earth, observed in some parts of the southern United States, the West Indies, etc.

Chub (n.) A species to fresh-water fish of the Cyprinidae or Carp family. The common European species is Leuciscus cephalus; the cheven. In America the name is applied to various fishes of the same family, of the genera Semotilus, Squalius, Ceratichthys, etc., and locally to several very different fishes, as the tautog, black bass, etc.

Chubbed (a.) Chubby.

Chubbedness (n.) The state of being chubby.

Chubby (a.) Like a chub; plump, short, and thick.

Chub-faced (a.) Having a plump, short face.

Chucked (imp. & p. p.) of Chuck

Chucking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chuck

Chuck (v. i.) To make a noise resembling that of a hen when she calls her chickens; to cluck.

Chuck (v. i.) To chuckle; to laugh.

Chuck (v. t.) To call, as a hen her chickens.

Chuck (n.) The chuck or call of a hen.

Chuck (n.) A sudden, small noise.

Chuck (n.) A word of endearment; -- corrupted from chick.

Chucked (imp. & p. p.) of Chuck

Chucking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chuck

Chuck (v. t.) To strike gently; to give a gentle blow to.

Chuck (v. t.) To toss or throw smartly out of the hand; to pitch.

Chuck (v. t.) To place in a chuck, or hold by means of a chuck, as in turning; to bore or turn (a hole) in a revolving piece held in a chuck.

Chuck (n.) A slight blow or pat under the chin.

Chuck (n.) A short throw; a toss.

Chuck (n.) A contrivance or machine fixed to the mandrel of a lathe, for holding a tool or the material to be operated upon.

Chuck (n.) A small pebble; -- called also chuckstone and chuckiestone.

Chuck (n.) A game played with chucks, in which one or more are tossed up and caught; jackstones.

Chuck (n.) A piece of the backbone of an animal, from between the neck and the collar bone, with the adjoining parts, cut for cooking; as, a chuck steak; a chuck roast.

Chuckled (imp. & p. p.) of Chuckle

Chuckling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chuckle

Chuckle (v. t.) To call, as a hen her chickens; to cluck.

Chuckle (v. t.) To fondle; to cocker.

Chuckle (n.) A short, suppressed laugh; the expression of satisfaction, exultation, or derision.

Chuckle (v. i.) To laugh in a suppressed or broken manner, as expressing inward satisfaction, exultation, or derision.

Chucklehead (n.) A person with a large head; a numskull; a dunce.

Chuckleheaded (a.) Having a large head; thickheaded; dull; stupid.

Chuck-Will's-widow (n.) A species of goatsucker (Antrostomus Carolinensis), of the southern United States; -- so called from its note.

Chud (v. t.) To champ; to bite.

Chuet (n.) Minced meat.

Chufa (n.) A sedgelike plant (Cyperus esculentus) producing edible tubers, native about the Mediterranean, now cultivated in many regions; the earth almond.

Chuff (n.) A coarse or stupid fellow.

Chuff (a.) Stupid; churlish.

Chuffily (adv.) Clownishly; surlily.

Chuffiness (n.) The quality of being chuffy.

Chuffy (a.) Fat or puffed out in the cheeks.

Chuffy (a.) Rough; clownish; surly.

Chulan (n.) The fragrant flowers of the Chloranthus inconspicuus, used in China for perfuming tea.

Chum (n.) A roommate, especially in a college or university; an old and intimate friend.

Chummed (imp. p. p.) of Chum

Chumming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chum

Chum (v. i.) To occupy a chamber with another; as, to chum together at college.

Chum (n.) Chopped pieces of fish used as bait.

Chump (n.) A short, thick, heavy piece of wood.

Chunam (n.) Quicklime; also, plaster or mortar.

Chunk (n.) A short, thick piece of anything.

Chunky (a.) Short and thick.

Church (n.) A building set apart for Christian worship.

Church (n.) A Jewish or heathen temple.

Church (n.) A formally organized body of Christian believers worshiping together.

Church (n.) A body of Christian believers, holding the same creed, observing the same rites, and acknowledging the same ecclesiastical authority; a denomination; as, the Roman Catholic church; the Presbyterian church.

Church (n.) The collective body of Christians.

Church (n.) Any body of worshipers; as, the Jewish church; the church of Brahm.

Church (n.) The aggregate of religious influences in a community; ecclesiastical influence, authority, etc.; as, to array the power of the church against some moral evil.

Churched (imp. & p. p.) of Church

Churching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Church

Church (v. t.) To bless according to a prescribed form, or to unite with in publicly returning thanks in church, as after deliverance from the dangers of childbirth; as, the churching of women.

Church-ale (n.) A church or parish festival (as in commemoration of the dedication of a church), at which much ale was used.

Church-bench (n.) A seat in the porch of a church.

Churchdom (n.) The institution, government, or authority of a church.

Churchgoer (n.) One who attends church.

Churchgoing (a.) Habitually attending church.

Churchgoing (a.) Summoning to church.

Church-haw (n.) Churchyard.

Churchism (n.) Strict adherence to the forms or principles of some church organization; sectarianism.

Churchless (a.) Without a church.

Churchlike (a.) Befitting a church or a churchman; becoming to a clergyman.

Churchliness (n.) Regard for the church.

Churchly (a.) Pertaining to, or suitable for, the church; ecclesiastical.

Churchmen (pl. ) of Churchman

Churchman (n.) An ecclesiastic or clergyman.

Churchman (n.) An Episcopalian, or a member of the Established Church of England.

Churchman (n.) One was is attached to, or attends, church.

Churchmanly (a.) Pertaining to, or becoming, a churchman.

Churchmanship (n.) The state or quality of being a churchman; attachment to the church.

Church modes () The modes or scales used in ancient church music. See Gregorian.

Churchship (n.) State of being a church.

Churchwarden (n.) One of the officers (usually two) in an Episcopal church, whose duties vary in different dioceses, but always include the provision of what is necessary for the communion service.

Churchwarden (n.) A clay tobacco pipe, with a long tube.

Churchwardenship (n.) The office of a churchwarden.

Churchy (a.) Relating to a church; unduly fond of church forms.

Churchyard (n.) The ground adjoining a church, in which the dead are buried; a cemetery.

Churl (n.) A rustic; a countryman or laborer.

Churl (n.) A rough, surly, ill-bred man; a boor.

Churl (n.) A selfish miser; an illiberal person; a niggard.

Churl (a.) Churlish; rough; selfish.

Churlish (a.) Like a churl; rude; cross-grained; ungracious; surly; illiberal; niggardly.

Churlish (a.) Wanting pliancy; unmanageable; unyielding; not easily wrought; as, a churlish soil; the churlish and intractable nature of some minerals.

Churlishly (adv.) In a churlish manner.

Churlishness (n.) Rudeness of manners or temper; lack of kindness or courtesy.

Churly (a.) Rude; churlish; violent.

Churme (n.) Alt. of Chirm

Chirm (n.) Clamor, or confused noise; buzzing.

Churn (v. t.) A vessel in which milk or cream is stirred, beaten, or otherwise agitated (as by a plunging or revolving dasher) in order to separate the oily globules from the other parts, and obtain butter.

Churned (imp. & p. p.) of Churn

Churning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Churn

Churn (v. t.) To stir, beat, or agitate, as milk or cream in a churn, in order to make butter.

Churn (v. t.) To shake or agitate with violence.

Churn (v. i.) To perform the operation of churning.

Churning (n.) The act of one who churns.

Churning (n.) The quantity of butter made at one operation.

Churrus (n.) A powerfully narcotic and intoxicating gum resin which exudes from the flower heads, seeds, etc., of Indian hemp.

Churrworm (n.) An insect that turns about nimbly; the mole cricket; -- called also fan cricket.

Chuse (v. t.) See Choose.

Chute (n.) A framework, trough, or tube, upon or through which objects are made to slide from a higher to a lower level, or through which water passes to a wheel.

Chute (n.) See Shoot.

Chutney (n.) Alt. of Chutnee

Chutnee (n.) A warm or spicy condiment or pickle made in India, compounded of various vegetable substances, sweets, acids, etc.

Chylaceous (a.) Possessed of the properties of chyle; consisting of chyle.

Chylaqueous (a.) Consisting of chyle much diluted with water; -- said of a liquid which forms the circulating fluid of some inferior animals.

Chyle (n.) A milky fluid containing the fatty matter of the food in a state of emulsion, or fine mechanical division; formed from chyme by the action of the intestinal juices. It is absorbed by the lacteals, and conveyed into the blood by the thoracic duct.

Chylifaction (n.) The act or process by which chyle is formed from food in animal bodies; chylification, -- a digestive process.

Chylifactive (a.) Producing, or converting into, chyle; having the power to form chyle.

Chyliferous (a.) Transmitting or conveying chyle; as, chyliferous vessels.

Chylific (a.) Chylifactive.

Chylification (n.) The formation of chyle. See Chylifaction.

Chylificatory (a.) Chylifactive.

Chylify (v. t. & i.) To make chyle of; to be converted into chyle.

Chylopoetic (a.) Concerned in the formation of chyle; as, the chylopoetic organs.

Chylous (a.) Consisting of, or similar to, chyle.

Chyluria (n.) A morbid condition in which the urine contains chyle or fatty matter, giving it a milky appearance.

Chyme (n.) The pulpy mass of semi-digested food in the small intestines just after its passage from the stomach. It is separated in the intestines into chyle and excrement. See Chyle.

Chymic () Alt. of Chymistry

Chymist () Alt. of Chymistry

Chymistry () See Chemic, Chemist, Chemistry.

Chymiferous (a.) Bearing or containing chyme.

Chymification (n.) The conversion of food into chyme by the digestive action of gastric juice.

Chymify (v. t.) To form into chyme.

Chymous (a.) Of or pertaining to chyme.

Chyometer (n.) An instrument for measuring liquids. It consists of a piston moving in a tube in which is contained the liquid, the quantity expelled being indicated by the graduation upon the piston rod.

Cibarious (a.) Pertaining to food; edible.

Cibation (n.) The act of taking food.

Cibation (n.) The process or operation of feeding the contents of the crucible with fresh material.

Cibol (n.) A perennial alliaceous plant (Allium fistulosum), sometimes called Welsh onion. Its fistular leaves areused in cookery.

Ciboria (pl. ) of Ciborium

Ciborium (n.) A canopy usually standing free and supported on four columns, covering the high altar, or, very rarely, a secondary altar.

Ciborium (n.) The coffer or case in which the host is kept; the pyx.

Cicadas (pl. ) of Cicada

Cicadae (pl. ) of Cicada

Cicada (n.) Any species of the genus Cicada. They are large hemipterous insects, with nearly transparent wings. The male makes a shrill sound by peculiar organs in the under side of the abdomen, consisting of a pair of stretched membranes, acted upon by powerful muscles. A noted American species (C. septendecim) is called the seventeen year locust. Another common species is the dogday cicada.

Cicala (n.) A cicada. See Cicada.

Cicatrice (n.) A cicatrix.

Cicatricial (a.) Relating to, or having the character of, a cicatrix.

Cicatricle (n.) The germinating point in the embryo of a seed; the point in the yolk of an egg at which development begins.

Cicatrisive (a.) Tending to promote the formation of a cicatrix; good for healing of a wound.

Cicatrices (pl. ) of Cicatrix

Cicatrix (n.) The pellicle which forms over a wound or breach of continuity and completes the process of healing in the latter, and which subsequently contracts and becomes white, forming the scar.

Cicatrizant (n.) A medicine or application that promotes the healing of a sore or wound, or the formation of a cicatrix.

Cicatrization (n.) The process of forming a cicatrix, or the state of being cicatrized.

Cicatrized (imp. & p. p.) of Cicatrize

Cicatrizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cicatrize

Cicatrize (v. t.) To heal or induce the formation of a cicatrix in, as in wounded or ulcerated flesh.

Cicatrize (v. i.) To heal; to have a new skin.

Cicatrose (a.) Full of scars.

Cicely (n.) Any one of several umbelliferous plants, of the genera Myrrhis, Osmorrhiza, etc.

Cicero (n.) Pica type; -- so called by French printers.

Ciceroni (pl. ) of Cicerone

Cicerones (pl. ) of Cicerone

Cicerone (n.) One who shows strangers the curiosities of a place; a guide.

Ciceronian (a.) Resembling Cicero in style or action; eloquent.

Ciceronianism (n.) Imitation of, or resemblance to, the style or action Cicero; a Ciceronian phrase or expression.

Cichoraceous (a.) Belonging to, or resembling, a suborder of composite plants of which the chicory (Cichorium) is the type.

Cich-pea (n.) The chick-pea.

Cicisbeism (n.) The state or conduct of a cicisbeo.

Cicisbei (pl. ) of Cicisbeo

Cicisbeo (n.) A professed admirer of a married woman; a dangler about women.

Cicisbeo (n.) A knot of silk or ribbon attached to a fan, walking stick, etc.

Ciclatoun (n.) A costly cloth, of uncertain material, used in the Middle Ages.

Cicurate (v. t.) To tame.

Cicuration (n.) The act of taming.

Cicuta (n.) a genus of poisonous umbelliferous plants, of which the water hemlock or cowbane is best known.

Cicutoxin (n.) The active principle of the water hemlock (Cicuta) extracted as a poisonous gummy substance.

Cid (n.) Chief or commander; in Spanish literature, a title of Ruy Diaz, Count of Bivar, a champion of Christianity and of the old Spanish royalty, in the 11th century.

Cid (n.) An epic poem, which celebrates the exploits of the Spanish national hero, Ruy Diaz.

Cider (n.) The expressed juice of apples. It is used as a beverage, for making vinegar, and for other purposes.

Ciderist (n.) A maker of cider.

Ciderkin (n.) A kind of weak cider made by steeping the refuse pomace in water.

Ci-devant (a.) Former; previous; of times gone by; as, a ci-devant governor.

Cierge (n.) A wax candle used in religous rites.

Cigar (n.) A small roll of tobacco, used for smoking.

Cigarette (n.) A little cigar; a little fine tobacco rolled in paper for smoking.

Cilia (n. pl.) The eyelashes.

Cilia (n. pl.) Small, generally microscopic, vibrating appendages lining certain organs, as the air passages of the higher animals, and in the lower animals often covering also the whole or a part of the exterior. They are also found on some vegetable organisms. In the Infusoria, and many larval forms, they are locomotive organs.

Cilia (n. pl.) Hairlike processes, commonly marginal and forming a fringe like the eyelash.

Cilia (n. pl.) Small, vibratory, swimming organs, somewhat resembling true cilia, as those of Ctenophora.

Ciliary (a.) Pertaining to the cilia, or eyelashes. Also applied to special parts of the eye itself; as, the ciliary processes of the choroid coat; the ciliary muscle, etc.

Ciliary (a.) Pertaining to or connected with the cilia in animal or vegetable organisms; as, ciliary motion.

Ciliata (n. pl.) One of the orders of Infusoria, characterized by having cilia. In some species the cilia cover the body generally, in others they form a band around the mouth.

Ciliate (a.) Alt. of Ciliated

Ciliated (a.) Provided with, or surrounded by, cilia; as, a ciliate leaf; endowed with vibratory motion; as, the ciliated epithelium of the windpipe.

Cilice (n.) A kind of haircloth undergarment.

Cilician (a.) Of or pertaining to Cilicia in Asia Minor.

Cilician (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cilicia.

Cilicious (a.) Made, or consisting, of hair.

Ciliform (a.) Alt. of Ciliiform

Ciliiform (a.) Having the form of cilia; very fine or slender.

Ciliograde (a.) Moving by means of cilia, or cilialike organs; as, the ciliograde Medusae.

Cilium (n.) See Cilia.

Cill (n.) See Sill., n. a foundation.

Cillosis (n.) A spasmodic trembling of the upper eyelid.

Cima (n.) A kind of molding. See Cyma.

Cimar (n.) See Simar.

Cimbal (n.) A kind of confectionery or cake.

Cimbia (n.) A fillet or band placed around the shaft of a column as if to strengthen it.

Cimbrian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cimbri.

Cimbrian (n.) One of the Cimbri. See Cimbric.

Cimbric (a.) Pertaining to the Cimbri, an ancient tribe inhabiting Northern Germany.

Cimbric (n.) The language of the Cimbri.

Cimeliarch (n.) A superintendent or keeper of a church's valuables; a churchwarden.

Cimeter (n.) See Scimiter.

Cimices (pl. ) of Cimex

Cimex (n.) A genus of hemipterous insects of which the bedbug is the best known example. See Bedbug.

Cimia (n.) See Cimbia.

Cimiss (n.) The bedbug.

Cimmerian (a.) Pertaining to the Cimmerii, a fabulous people, said to have lived, in very ancient times, in profound and perpetual darkness.

Cimmerian (a.) Without any light; intensely dark.

Cimolite (n.) A soft, earthy, clayey mineral, of whitish or grayish color.

Cinch (n.) A strong saddle girth, as of canvas.

Cinch (n.) A tight grip.

Cinchona (n.) A genus of trees growing naturally on the Andes in Peru and adjacent countries, but now cultivated in the East Indies, producing a medicinal bark of great value.

Cinchona (n.) The bark of any species of Cinchona containing three per cent. or more of bitter febrifuge alkaloids; Peruvian bark; Jesuits' bark.

Cinchonaceous (a.) Allied or pertaining to cinchona, or to the plants that produce it.

Cinchonic (a.) Belonging to, or obtained from, cinchona.

Cinchonidine (n.) One of the quinine group of alkaloids, found especially in red cinchona bark. It is a white crystalline substance, C19H22N2O, with a bitter taste and qualities similar to, but weaker than, quinine; -- sometimes called also cinchonidia.

Cinchonine (n.) One of the quinine group of alkaloids isomeric with and resembling cinchonidine; -- called also cinchonia.

Cinchonism (n.) A condition produced by the excessive or long-continued use of quinine, and marked by deafness, roaring in the ears, vertigo, etc.

Cinchonize (v. t.) To produce cinchonism in; to poison with quinine or with cinchona.

Cincinnati epoch () An epoch at the close of the American lower Silurian system. The rocks are well developed near Cincinnati, Ohio. The group includes the Hudson River and Lorraine shales of New York.

Cincture (n.) A belt, a girdle, or something worn round the body, -- as by an ecclesiastic for confining the alb.

Cincture (n.) That which encompasses or incloses; an inclosure.

Cincture (n.) The fillet, listel, or band next to the apophyge at the extremity of the shaft of a column.

Cinctured (n.) Having or wearing a cincture or girdle.

Cinder (n.) Partly burned or vitrified coal, or other combustible, in which fire is extinct.

Cinder (n.) A hot coal without flame; an ember.

Cinder (n.) A scale thrown off in forging metal.

Cinder (n.) The slag of a furnace, or scoriaceous lava from a volcano.

Cindery (a.) Resembling, or composed of, cinders; full of cinders.

Cinefaction (n.) Cineration; reduction to ashes.

Cinematic (a.) Alt. of Cinematical

Cinematical (a.) See Kinematic.

Cinematics (n. sing.) See Kinematics.

Cineraceous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; cinereous.

Cineraria (n.) A Linnaean genus of free-flowering composite plants, mostly from South Africa. Several species are cultivated for ornament.

Cinerary (a.) Pertaining to ashes; containing ashes.

Cineration (n.) The reducing of anything to ashes by combustion; cinefaction.

Cinereous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; grayish.

Cinerescent (a.) Somewhat cinereous; of a color somewhat resembling that of wood ashes.

Cineritious (a.) Like ashes; having the color of ashes, -- as the cortical substance of the brain.

Cinerulent (a.) Full of ashes.

Cingalese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Ceylon descended from its primitive inhabitants

Cingalese (n. sing. & pl.) the language of the Cingalese.

Cingalese (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cingalese.

Cingle (n.) A girth.

Cingulum (n.) A distinct girdle or band of color; a raised spiral line as seen on certain univalve shells.

Cingulum (n.) The clitellus of earthworms.

Cingulum (n.) The base of the crown of a tooth.

Cinnabar (n.) Red sulphide of mercury, occurring in brilliant red crystals, and also in red or brown amorphous masses. It is used in medicine.

Cinnabar (n.) The artificial red sulphide of mercury used as a pigment; vermilion.

Cinnabarine (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, cinnabar; consisting of cinnabar, or containing it; as, cinnabarine sand.

Cinnamene (n.) Styrene (which was formerly called cinnamene because obtained from cinnamic acid). See Styrene.

Cinnamic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, cinnamon.

Cinnamomic (a.) See Cinnamic.

Cinnamon (n.) The inner bark of the shoots of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, a tree growing in Ceylon. It is aromatic, of a moderately pungent taste, and is one of the best cordial, carminative, and restorative spices.

Cinnamon (n.) Cassia.

Cinnamone (n.) A yellow crystalline substance, (C6H5.C2H2)2CO, the ketone of cinnamic acid.

Cinnamyl (n.) The hypothetical radical, (C6H5.C2H2)2C, of cinnamic compounds.

Cinnoline (n.) A nitrogenous organic base, C8H6N2, analogous to quinoline, obtained from certain complex diazo compounds.

Cinque (n.) Five; the number five in dice or cards.

Cinquecento (n. & a.) The sixteenth century, when applied to Italian art or literature; as, the sculpture of the Cinquecento; Cinquecento style.

Cinquefoil (n.) The name of several different species of the genus Potentilla; -- also called five-finger, because of the resemblance of its leaves to the fingers of the hand.

Cinquefoil (n.) An ornamental foliation having five points or cups, used in windows, panels, etc.

Cinque-pace (n.) A lively dance (called also galliard), the steps of which were regulated by the number five.

Cinque Ports () Five English ports, to which peculiar privileges were anciently accorded; -- viz., Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich; afterwards increased by the addition of Winchelsea, Rye, and some minor places.

Cinque-spotted (a.) Five-spotted.

Cinter (n.) See Center.

Cinura (n. pl.) The group of Thysanura which includes Lepisma and allied forms; the bristletails. See Bristletail, and Lepisma.

Cion (n.) See Scion.

Cipher (n.) A character [0] which, standing by itself, expresses nothing, but when placed at the right hand of a whole number, increases its value tenfold.

Cipher (n.) One who, or that which, has no weight or influence.

Cipher (n.) A character in general, as a figure or letter.

Cipher (n.) A combination or interweaving of letters, as the initials of a name; a device; a monogram; as, a painter's cipher, an engraver's cipher, etc. The cut represents the initials N. W.

Cipher (n.) A private alphabet, system of characters, or other mode of writing, contrived for the safe transmission of secrets; also, a writing in such characters.

Cipher (a.) Of the nature of a cipher; of no weight or influence.

Ciphered (imp. & p. p.) of Cipher

Ciphering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cipher

Cipher (v. i.) To use figures in a mathematical process; to do sums in arithmetic.

Cipher (v. t.) To write in occult characters.

Cipher (v. t.) To get by ciphering; as, to cipher out the answer.

Cipher (v. t.) To decipher.

Cipher (v. t.) To designate by characters.

Cipherer (n.) One who ciphers.

Cipherhood (n.) Nothingness.

Cipolin (n.) A whitish marble, from Rome, containiing pale greenish zones. It consists of calcium carbonate, with zones and cloudings of talc.

Cippi (pl. ) of Cippus

Cippus (n.) A small, low pillar, square or round, commonly having an inscription, used by the ancients for various purposes, as for indicating the distances of places, for a landmark, for sepulchral inscriptions, etc.

Circ (n.) An amphitheatrical circle for sports; a circus.

Circar (n.) A district, or part of a province. See Sircar.

Circassian (a.) Of or pertaining to Circassia, in Asia.

Circassian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Circassia.

Circean (a.) Having the characteristics of Circe, daughter of Sol and Perseis, a mythological enchantress, who first charmed her victims and then changed them to the forms of beasts; pleasing, but noxious; as, a Circean draught.

Circensial (a.) Alt. of Circensian

Circensian (a.) Of or pertaining to, or held in, the Circus, In Rome.

Circinal (a.) Circinate.

Circinate (a.) Rolled together downward, the tip occupying the center; -- a term used in reference to foliation or leafing, as in ferns.

Circinate (v. t.) To make a circle around; to encompass.

Circination (n.) An orbicular motion.

Circination (n.) A circle; a concentric layer.

Circle (n.) A plane figure, bounded by a single curve line called its circumference, every part of which is equally distant from a point within it, called the center.

Circle (n.) The line that bounds such a figure; a circumference; a ring.

Circle (n.) An instrument of observation, the graduated limb of which consists of an entire circle.

Circle (n.) A round body; a sphere; an orb.

Circle (n.) Compass; circuit; inclosure.

Circle (n.) A company assembled, or conceived to assemble, about a central point of interest, or bound by a common tie; a class or division of society; a coterie; a set.

Circle (n.) A circular group of persons; a ring.

Circle (n.) A series ending where it begins, and repeating itself.

Circle (n.) A form of argument in which two or more unproved statements are used to prove each other; inconclusive reasoning.

Circle (n.) Indirect form of words; circumlocution.

Circle (n.) A territorial division or district.

Circled (imp. & p. p.) of Circle

Circling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circle

Circle (n.) To move around; to revolve around.

Circle (n.) To encompass, as by a circle; to surround; to inclose; to encircle.

Circle (v. i.) To move circularly; to form a circle; to circulate.

Circled (a.) Having the form of a circle; round.

Circler (n.) A mean or inferior poet, perhaps from his habit of wandering around as a stroller; an itinerant poet. Also, a name given to the cyclic poets. See under Cyclic, a.

Circlet (n.) A little circle; esp., an ornament for the person, having the form of a circle; that which encircles, as a ring, a bracelet, or a headband.

Circlet (n.) A round body; an orb.

Circlet (n.) A circular piece of wood put under a dish at table.

Circocele (n.) See Cirsocele.

Circuit (n.) The act of moving or revolving around, or as in a circle or orbit; a revolution; as, the periodical circuit of the earth round the sun.

Circuit (n.) The circumference of, or distance round, any space; the measure of a line round an area.

Circuit (n.) That which encircles anything, as a ring or crown.

Circuit (n.) The space inclosed within a circle, or within limits.

Circuit (n.) A regular or appointed journeying from place to place in the exercise of one's calling, as of a judge, or a preacher.

Circuit (n.) A certain division of a state or country, established by law for a judge or judges to visit, for the administration of justice.

Circuit (n.) A district in which an itinerant preacher labors.

Circuit (n.) Circumlocution.

Circuit (v. i.) To move in a circle; to go round; to circulate.

Circuit (v. t.) To travel around.

Circuiteer (n.) A circuiter.

Circuiter (n.) One who travels a circuit, as a circuit judge.

Circuition (n.) The act of going round; circumlocution.

Circuitous (a.) Going round in a circuit; roundabout; indirect; as, a circuitous road; a circuitous manner of accomplishing an end.

Circuity (n.) A going round in a circle; a course not direct; a roundabout way of proceeding.

Circulable (a.) That may be circulated.

Circular (a.) In the form of, or bounded by, a circle; round.

Circular (a.) repeating itself; ending in itself; reverting to the point of beginning; hence, illogical; inconclusive; as, circular reasoning.

Circular (a.) Adhering to a fixed circle of legends; cyclic; hence, mean; inferior. See Cyclic poets, under Cyclic.

Circular (a.) Addressed to a circle, or to a number of persons having a common interest; circulated, or intended for circulation; as, a circular letter.

Circular (a.) Perfect; complete.

Circular (a.) A circular letter, or paper, usually printed, copies of which are addressed or given to various persons; as, a business circular.

Circular (a.) A sleeveless cloak, cut in circular form.

Circularity (n.) The quality or state of being circular; a circular form.

Circularly (adv.) In a circular manner.

Circulary (a.) Circular; illogical.

Ciorculated (imp. & p. p.) of Circulate

Circulating (P. pr. & vb. n.) of Circulate

Circulate (v. i.) To move in a circle or circuitously; to move round and return to the same point; as, the blood circulates in the body.

Circulate (v. i.) To pass from place to place, from person to person, or from hand to hand; to be diffused; as, money circulates; a story circulates.

Circulate (v. t.) To cause to pass from place to place, or from person to person; to spread; as, to circulate a report; to circulate bills of credit.

Circulation (n.) The act of moving in a circle, or in a course which brings the moving body to the place where its motion began.

Circulation (n.) The act of passing from place to place or person to person; free diffusion; transmission.

Circulation (n.) Currency; circulating coin; notes, bills, etc., current for coin.

Circulation (n.) The extent to which anything circulates or is circulated; the measure of diffusion; as, the circulation of a newspaper.

Circulation (n.) The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system, by which it is brought into close relations with almost every living elementary constituent. Also, the movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants.

Circulative (a.) Promoting circulation; circulating.

Circulator (n.) One who, or that which, circulates.

Circulatorious (a.) Travelling from house to house or from town to town; itinerant.

Circulatory (a.) Circular; as, a circulatory letter.

Circulatory (a.) Circulating, or going round.

Circulatory (a.) Subserving the purposes of circulation; as, circulatory organs; of or pertaining to the organs of circulation; as, circulatory diseases.

Circulatory (n.) A chemical vessel consisting of two portions unequally exposed to the heat of the fire, and with connecting pipes or passages, through which the fluid rises from the overheated portion, and descends from the relatively colder, maintaining a circulation.

Circulet (n.) A circlet.

Circuline (a.) Proceeding in a circle; circular.

Circum- () A Latin preposition, used as a prefix in many English words, and signifying around or about.

Circumagitate (v. t.) To agitate on all sides.

Circumambage (n.) A roundabout or indirect course; indirectness.

Circumambiency (n.) The act of surrounding or encompassing.

Circumambient (a.) Surrounding; inclosing or being on all sides; encompassing.

Circumambulate (v. t.) To walk round about.

Circumbendibus (n.) A roundabout or indirect way.

Circumcenter (n.) The center of a circle that circumscribes a triangle.

Circumcised (imp. & p. p.) of Circumcise

Circumcising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circumcise

Circumcise (v. t.) To cut off the prepuce of foreskin of, in the case of males, and the internal labia of, in the case of females.

Circumcise (v. t.) To purify spiritually.

Circumciser (n.) One who performs circumcision.

Circumcision (n.) The act of cutting off the prepuce or foreskin of males, or the internal labia of females.

Circumcision (n.) The Jews, as a circumcised people.

Circumcision (n.) Rejection of the sins of the flesh; spiritual purification, and acceptance of the Christian faith.

Circumclusion (n.) Act of inclosing on all sides.

Circumcursation (n.) The act of running about; also, rambling language.

Circumdenudation (n.) Denudation around or in the neighborhood of an object.

Circumduce (v. t.) To declare elapsed, as the time allowed for introducing evidence.

Circumduct (v. t.) To lead about; to lead astray.

Circumduct (v. t.) To contravene; to nullify; as, to circumduct acts of judicature.

Circumduction (n.) A leading about; circumlocution.

Circumduction (n.) An annulling; cancellation.

Circumduction (n.) The rotation of a limb round an imaginary axis, so as to describe a concial surface.

Circumesophagal (a.) Surrounding the esophagus; -- in Zool. said of the nerve commissures and ganglia of arthropods and mollusks.

Circumesophageal (a.) Circumesophagal.

Circumfer (v. t.) To bear or carry round.

Circumference (n.) The line that goes round or encompasses a circular figure; a periphery.

Circumference (n.) A circle; anything circular.

Circumference (n.) The external surface of a sphere, or of any orbicular body.

Circumference (v. t.) To include in a circular space; to bound.

Circumferential (a.) Pertaining to the circumference; encompassing; encircling; circuitous.

Circumferentially (adv.) So as to surround or encircle.

Circumferentor (n.) A surveying instrument, for taking horizontal angles and bearings; a surveyor's compass. It consists of a compass whose needle plays over a circle graduated to 360!, and of a horizontal brass bar at the ends of which are standards with narrow slits for sighting, supported on a tripod by a ball and socket joint.

Circumferentor (n.) A graduated wheel for measuring tires; a tire circle.

Circumflant (a.) Blowing around.

Circumflected (imp. & p. p.) of Circumflect

Circumflecting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circumflect

Circumflect (v. t.) To bend around.

Circumflect (v. t.) To mark with the circumflex accent, as a vowel.

Circumflection (n.) See Circumflexion.

Circumflex (n.) A wave of the voice embracing both a rise and fall or a fall and a rise on the same a syllable.

Circumflex (n.) A character, or accent, denoting in Greek a rise and of the voice on the same long syllable, marked thus [~ or /]; and in Latin and some other languages, denoting a long and contracted syllable, marked [/ or ^]. See Accent, n., 2.

Circumflexed (imp. & p. p.) of Circumflex

Circumflexing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circumflex

Circumflex (v. t.) To mark or pronounce with a circumflex.

Circumflex (a.) Moving or turning round; circuitous.

Circumflex (a.) Curved circularly; -- applied to several arteries of the hip and thigh, to arteries, veins, and a nerve of the shoulder, and to other parts.

Circumflexion (n.) The act of bending, or causing to assume a curved form.

Circumflexion (n.) A winding about; a turning; a circuity; a fold.

Circumfluence (n.) A flowing round on all sides; an inclosing with a fluid.

Circumfluent (a.) Alt. of Circumfluous

Circumfluous (a.) Flowing round; surrounding in the manner of a fluid.

Circumforanean (a.) Alt. of Circumforaneous

Circumforaneous (a.) Going about or abroad; walking or wandering from house to house.

Circumfulgent (a.) Shining around or about.

Circumfuse (v. t.) To pour round; to spread round.

Circumfusile (a.) Capable of being poured or spread round.

Circumfusion (n.) The act of pouring or spreading round; the state of being spread round.

Circumgestation (n.) The act or process of carrying about.

Circumgyrate (v. t. & i.) To roll or turn round; to cause to perform a rotary or circular motion.

Circumgyration (n.) The act of turning, rolling, or whirling round.

Circumgyratory (a.) Moving in a circle; turning round.

Circumgyre (v. i.) To circumgyrate.

Circumincession (n.) The reciprocal existence in each other of the three persons of the Trinity.

Circumjacence (n.) Condition of being circumjacent, or of bordering on every side.

Circumjacent (a.) Lying round; bordering on every side.

Circumjovial (n.) One of the moons or satellites of the planet Jupiter.

Circumlittoral (a.) Adjointing the shore.

Circumlocution (n.) The use of many words to express an idea that might be expressed by few; indirect or roundabout language; a periphrase.

Circumlocutional (a.) Relating to, or consisting of, circumlocutions; periphrastic; circuitous.

Circumlocutory (a.) Characterised by circumlocution; periphrastic.

Circummeridian (a.) About, or near, the meridian.

Circummure (v. t.) To encompass with a wall.

Circumnavigable (a.) Capable of being sailed round.

Circumnavigated (imp. & p. p.) of Circumnavigate

Circumnavigating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circumnavigate

Circumnavigate (v. t.) To sail completely round.

Circumnavigation (n.) The act of circumnavigating, or sailing round.

Circumnavigator (n.) One who sails round.

Circumnutate (v. i.) To pass through the stages of circumnutation.

Circumnutation (n.) The successive bowing or bending in different directions of the growing tip of the stems of many plants, especially seen in climbing plants.

Circumpolar (a.) About the pole; -- applied to stars that revolve around the pole without setting; as, circumpolar stars.

Circumposition (n.) The act of placing in a circle, or round about, or the state of being so placed.

Circumrotary (a.) Alt. of Circumrotatory

Circumrotatory (a.) turning, rolling, or whirling round.

Circumrotate (v. t. & i.) To rotate about.

Circumrotation (n.) The act of rolling or revolving round, as a wheel; circumvolution; the state of being whirled round.

Circumscissile (a.) Dehiscing or opening by a transverse fissure extending around (a capsule or pod). See Illust. of Pyxidium.

Circumscribable (a.) Capable of being circumscribed.

Circumscribed (imp. & p. p.) of Circumscribe

Circumscribing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circumscribe

Circumscribe (v. t.) to write or engrave around.

Circumscribe (v. t.) To inclose within a certain limit; to hem in; to surround; to bound; to confine; to restrain.

Circumscribe (v. t.) To draw a line around so as to touch at certain points without cutting. See Inscribe, 5.

Circumscriber (n.) One who, or that which, circumscribes.

Circumscriptible (a.) Capable of being circumscribed or limited by bounds.

Circumscription (n.) An inscription written around anything.

Circumscription (n.) The exterior line which determines the form or magnitude of a body; outline; periphery.

Circumscription (n.) The act of limiting, or the state of being limited, by conditions or restraints; bound; confinement; limit.

Circumscriptive (a.) Circumscribing or tending to circumscribe; marcing the limits or form of.

Circumscriptively (adv.) In a limited manner.

Circumscriptly (adv.) In a literal, limited, or narrow manner.

Circumspect (a.) Attentive to all the circumstances of a case or the probable consequences of an action; cautious; prudent; wary.

Circumspection (n.) Attention to all the facts and circumstances of a case; caution; watchfulness.

Circumspective (a.) Looking around every way; cautious; careful of consequences; watchful of danger.

Circumspectively (adv.) Circumspectly.

Circumspectly (adv.) In a circumspect manner; cautiously; warily.

Circumspectness (n.) Vigilance in guarding against evil from every quarter; caution.

Circumstance (n.) That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things.

Circumstance (n.) An event; a fact; a particular incident.

Circumstance (n.) Circumlocution; detail.

Circumstance (n.) Condition in regard to worldly estate; state of property; situation; surroundings.

Circumstance (v. t.) To place in a particular situation; to supply relative incidents.

Circumstanced (p. a.) Placed in a particular position or condition; situated.

Circumstanced (p. a.) Governed by events or circumstances.

Circumstant (a.) Standing or placed around; surrounding.

Circumstantiable (a.) Capable of being circumstantiated.

Circumstantial (a.) Consisting in, or pertaining to, circumstances or particular incidents.

Circumstantial (a.) Incidental; relating to, but not essential.

Circumstantial (a.) Abounding with circumstances; detailing or exhibiting all the circumstances; minute; particular.

Circumstantial (n.) Something incidental to the main subject, but of less importance; opposed to an essential; -- generally in the plural; as, the circumstantials of religion.

Circumstantiality (n.) The state, characteristic, or quality of being circumstantial; particularity or minuteness of detail.

Circumstantially (adv.) In respect to circumstances; not essentially; accidentally.

Circumstantially (adv.) In every circumstance or particular; minutely.

Circumstantiated (imp. & p. p.) of Circumstantiate

Circumstantiating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Circumstantiate

Circumstantiate (v. t.) To place in particular circumstances; to invest with particular accidents or adjuncts.

Circumstantiate (v. t.) To prove or confirm by circumstances; to enter into details concerning.

Circumterraneous (a.) Being or dwelling around the earth.

Circumundulate (v. t.) To flow round, as waves.

Circumvallate (v. t.) To surround with a rampart or wall.

Circumvallate (a.) Surrounded with a wall; inclosed with a rampart.

Circumvallate (a.) Surrounded by a ridge or elevation; as, the circumvallate papillae, near the base of the tongue.

Circumvallation (n.) The act of surrounding with a wall or rampart.

Circumvallation (n.) A line of field works made around a besieged place and the besieging army, to protect the camp of the besiegers against the attack of an enemy from without.

Circumvection (n.) The act of carrying anything around, or the state of being so carried.

Circumvented (imp. & p. p.) of Circumvent

Circumventing (p. pr. vb. n.) of Circumvent

Circumvent (v. t.) To gain advantage over by arts, stratagem, or deception; to decieve; to delude; to get around.

Circumvention (n.) The act of prevailing over another by arts, address, or fraud; deception; fraud; imposture; delusion.

Circumventive (a.) Tending to circumvent; deceiving by artifices; deluding.

Circumventor (n.) One who circumvents; one who gains his purpose by cunning.

Circumvest (v. t.) To cover round, as with a garment; to invest.

Circumvolant (a.) Flying around.

Circumvolation (n.) The act of flying round.

Circumvolution (n.) The act of rolling round; the state of being rolled.

Circumvolution (n.) A thing rolled round another.

Circumvolution (n.) A roundabout procedure; a circumlocution.

Circumvolved (imp. & p. p.) of Circumvolve

Circumvolving (p. pr. vb. n.) of Circumvolve

Circumvolve (v. t.) To roll round; to cause to revolve; to put into a circular motion.

Circumvolve (v. i.) To roll round; to revolve.

Circuses (pl. ) of Circus

Circus (n.) A level oblong space surrounded on three sides by seats of wood, earth, or stone, rising in tiers one above another, and divided lengthwise through the middle by a barrier around which the track or course was laid out. It was used for chariot races, games, and public shows.

Circus (n.) A circular inclosure for the exhibition of feats of horsemanship, acrobatic displays, etc. Also, the company of performers, with their equipage.

Circus (n.) Circuit; space; inclosure.

Cirl bunting () A European bunting (Emberiza cirlus).

Cirque (n.) A circle; a circus; a circular erection or arrangement of objects.

Cirque (n.) A kind of circular valley in the side of a mountain, walled around by precipices of great height.

Cirrate (a.) Having cirri along the margin of a part or organ.

Cirrhiferous (a.) See Cirriferous.

Cirrhose (a.) Same as Cirrose.

Cirrhosis (n.) A disease of the liver in which it usually becomes smaller in size and more dense and fibrous in consistence; hence sometimes applied to similar changes in other organs, caused by increase in the fibrous framework and decrease in the proper substance of the organ.

Cirrhotic (a.) Pertaining to, caused by, or affected with, cirrhosis; as, cirrhotic degeneration; a cirrhotic liver.

Cirrhous (a.) See Cirrose.

Cirrhus (n.) Same as Cirrus.

Cirri (n. pl.) See Cirrus.

Cirriferous (a.) Bearing cirri, as many plants and animals.

Cirriform (a.) Formed like a cirrus or tendril; -- said of appendages of both animals and plants.

Cirrigerous (a.) Having curled locks of hair; supporting cirri, or hairlike appendages.

Cirrigrade (a.) Moving or moved by cirri, or hairlike appendages.

Cirriped (n.) One of the Cirripedia.

Cirripedia (n. pl.) An order of Crustacea including the barnacles. When adult, they have a calcareous shell composed of several pieces. From the opening of the shell the animal throws out a group of curved legs, looking like a delicate curl, whence the name of the group. See Anatifa.

Cirrobranchiata (n. pl.) A division of Mollusca having slender, cirriform appendages near the mouth; the Scaphopoda.

Cirro-cumulus (n.) See under Cloud.

Cirrose (a.) Bearing a tendril or tendrils; as, a cirrose leaf.

Cirrose (a.) Resembling a tendril or cirrus.

Cirrostomi (n. pl.) The lowest group of vertebrates; -- so called from the cirri around the mouth; the Leptocardia. See Amphioxus.

Cirro-stratus (n.) See under Cloud.

Cirrous (a.) Cirrose.

Cirrous (a.) Tufted; -- said of certain feathers of birds.

Cirri (pl. ) of Cirrus

Cirrus (n.) A tendril or clasper.

Cirrus (n.) A soft tactile appendage of the mantle of many Mollusca, and of the parapodia of Annelida. Those near the head of annelids are Tentacular cirri; those of the last segment are caudal cirri.

Cirrus (n.) The jointed, leglike organs of Cirripedia. See Annelida, and Polychaeta.

Cirrus (n.) The external male organ of trematodes and some other worms, and of certain Mollusca.

Cirrus (n.) See under Cloud.

Cirsocele (n.) The varicose dilatation of the spermatic vein.

Cirsoid (a.) Varicose.

Cirsotomy (n.) Any operation for the removal of varices by incision.

Cis- () A Latin preposition, sometimes used as a prefix in English words, and signifying on this side.

Cisalpine (a.) On the hither side of the Alps with reference to Rome, that is, on the south side of the Alps; -- opposed to transalpine.

Cisatlantic (a.) On this side of the Atlantic Ocean; -- used of the eastern or the western side, according to the standpoint of the writer.

Cisco (n.) The Lake herring (Coregonus Artedi), valuable food fish of the Great Lakes of North America. The name is also applied to C. Hoyi, a related species of Lake Michigan.

Ciselure (n.) The process of chasing on metals; also, the work thus chased.

Cisleithan (a.) On the Austrian side of the river Leitha; Austrian.

Cismontane (a.) On this side of the mountains. See under Ultramontane.

Cispadane (a.) On the hither side of the river Po with reference to Rome; that is, on the south side.

Cissoid (n.) A curve invented by Diocles, for the purpose of solving two celebrated problems of the higher geometry; viz., to trisect a plane angle, and to construct two geometrical means between two given straight lines.

Cist (n.) A box or chest. Specifically: (a) A bronze receptacle, round or oval, frequently decorated with engravings on the sides and cover, and with feet, handles, etc., of decorative castings. (b) A cinerary urn. See Illustration in Appendix.

Cist (n.) See Cyst.

Cisted (a.) Inclosed in a cyst. See Cysted.

Cistercian (n.) A monk of the prolific branch of the Benedictine Order, established in 1098 at Citeaux, in France, by Robert, abbot of Molesme. For two hundred years the Cistercians followed the rule of St. Benedict in all its rigor.

Cistercian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cistercians.

Cistern (n.) An artificial reservoir or tank for holding water, beer, or other liquids.

Cistern (n.) A natural reservoir; a hollow place containing water.

Cistic (a.) See Cystic.

Cit (n.) A citizen; an inhabitant of a city; a pert townsman; -- used contemptuously.

Citable (a.) Capable of being cited.

Citadel (n.) A fortress in or near a fortified city, commanding the city and fortifications, and intended as a final point of defense.

Cital (n.) Summons to appear, as before a judge.

Cital (n.) Citation; quotation

Citation (n.) An official summons or notice given to a person to appear; the paper containing such summons or notice.

Citation (n.) The act of citing a passage from a book, or from another person, in his own words; also, the passage or words quoted; quotation.

Citation (n.) Enumeration; mention; as, a citation of facts.

Citation (n.) A reference to decided cases, or books of authority, to prove a point in law.

Citator (n.) One who cites.

Citatory (a.) Having the power or form of a citation; as, letters citatory.

Cited (imp. & p. p.) of Cite

Citing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cite

Cite (v. t.) To call upon officially or authoritatively to appear, as before a court; to summon.

Cite (v. t.) To urge; to enjoin.

Cite (v. t.) To quote; to repeat, as a passage from a book, or the words of another.

Cite (v. t.) To refer to or specify, as for support, proof, illustration, or confirmation.

Cite (v. t.) To bespeak; to indicate.

Cite (v. t.) To notify of a proceeding in court.

Citer (n.) One who cites.

Citess (n.) A city woman

Cithara (n.) An ancient instrument resembling the harp.

Citharistic (a.) Pertaining, or adapted, to the cithara.

Cithern (n.) See Cittern.

Citicism (n.) The manners of a cit or citizen.

Citied (a.) Belonging to, or resembling, a city.

Citied (a.) Containing, or covered with, cities.

Citified (a.) Aping, or having, the manners of a city.

Citigradae (n. pl.) A suborder of Arachnoidea, including the European tarantula and the wolf spiders (Lycosidae) and their allies, which capture their prey by rapidly running and jumping. See Wolf spider.

Citigrade (a.) Pertaining to the Citigradae.

Citigrade (n.) One of the Citigradae.

Citiner (n.) One who is born or bred in a city; a citizen.

Citizen (n.) One who enjoys the freedom and privileges of a city; a freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its franchises.

Citizen (n.) An inhabitant of a city; a townsman.

Citizen (n.) A person, native or naturalized, of either sex, who owes allegiance to a government, and is entitled to reciprocal protection from it.

Citizen (n.) One who is domiciled in a country, and who is a citizen, though neither native nor naturalized, in such a sense that he takes his legal status from such country.

Citizen (a.) Having the condition or qualities of a citizen, or of citizens; as, a citizen soldiery.

Citizen (a.) Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a city; characteristic of citizens; effeminate; luxurious.

Citizeness (n.) A female citizen.

Citizenship (n.) The state of being a citizen; the status of a citizen.

Citole (n.) A musical instrument; a kind of dulcimer.

Citraconic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or having certain characteristics of, citric and aconitic acids.

Citrate (n.) A salt of citric acid.

Citric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the citron or lemon; as, citric acid.

Citrination (n.) The process by which anything becomes of the color of a lemon; esp., in alchemy, the state of perfection in the philosopher's stone indicated by its assuming a deep yellow color.

Citrine (a.) Like a citron or lemon; of a lemon color; greenish yellow.

Citrine (n.) A yellow, pellucid variety of quartz.

Citron (n.) A fruit resembling a lemon, but larger, and pleasantly aromatic. The thick rind, when candied, is the citron of commerce.

Citron (n.) A citron tree.

Citron (n.) A citron melon.

Citrus (n.) A genus of trees including the orange, lemon, citron, etc., originally natives of southern Asia.

Cittern (n.) An instrument shaped like a lute, but strung with wire and played with a quill or plectrum.

Cittern-head (n.) Blockhead; dunce; -- so called because the handle of a cittern usually ended with a carved head.

Cities (pl. ) of City

City (n.) A large town.

City (n.) A corporate town; in the United States, a town or collective body of inhabitants, incorporated and governed by a mayor and aldermen or a city council consisting of a board of aldermen and a common council; in Great Britain, a town corporate, which is or has been the seat of a bishop, or the capital of his see.

City (n.) The collective body of citizens, or inhabitants of a city.

City (a.) Of or pertaining to a city.

Cive (n.) Same as Chive.

Civet (n.) A substance, of the consistence of butter or honey, taken from glands in the anal pouch of the civet (Viverra civetta). It is of clear yellowish or brownish color, of a strong, musky odor, offensive when undiluted, but agreeable when a small portion is mixed with another substance. It is used as a perfume.

Civet (n.) The animal that produces civet (Viverra civetta); -- called also civet cat. It is carnivorous, from two to three feet long, and of a brownish gray color, with transverse black bands and spots on the body and tail. It is a native of northern Africa and of Asia. The name is also applied to other species.

Civet (v. t.) To scent or perfume with civet.

Civic (a.) Relating to, or derived from, a city or citizen; relating to man as a member of society, or to civil affairs.

Civicism (n.) The principle of civil government.

Civics (n.) The science of civil government.

Civil (a.) Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state.

Civil (a.) Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community.

Civil (a.) Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual.

Civil (a.) Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.

Civil (a.) Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state.

Civil (a.) Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings.

Civilian (n.) One skilled in the civil law.

Civilian (n.) A student of the civil law at a university or college.

Civilian (n.) One whose pursuits are those of civil life, not military or clerical.

Civilist (n.) A civilian.

Civilities (pl. ) of Civillty

Civillty (n.) The state of society in which the relations and duties of a citizen are recognized and obeyed; a state of civilization.

Civillty (n.) A civil office, or a civil process

Civillty (n.) Courtesy; politeness; kind attention; good breeding; a polite act or expression.

Civilizable (a.) Capable of being civilized.

Civilization (n.) The act of civilizing, or the state of being civilized; national culture; refinement.

Civilization (n.) Rendering a criminal process civil.

Civilized (imp. & p. p.) of Civilize

Civilizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Civilize

Civilize (v. t.) To reclaim from a savage state; to instruct in the rules and customs of civilization; to educate; to refine.

Civilize (v. t.) To admit as suitable to a civilized state.

Civilized (a.) Reclaimed from savage life and manners; instructed in arts, learning, and civil manners; refined; cultivated.

Civilizer (n.) One who, or that which, civilizes or tends to civilize.

Civily (adv.) In a civil manner; as regards civil rights and privileges; politely; courteously; in a well bred manner.

Civism (n.) State of citizenship.

Cizar (v. i.) To clip with scissors.

Cizars (n. pl.) Scissors.

Cize (n.) Bulk; largeness. [Obs.] See Size.

Clabber (n.) Milk curdled so as to become thick.

Clabber (v. i.) To become clabber; to lopper.

Clachan (n.) A small village containing a church.

Clacked (imp. & p. p.) of Clack

Clacking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clack

Clack (n.) To make a sudden, sharp noise, or a succesion of such noises, as by striking an object, or by collision of parts; to rattle; to click.

Clack (n.) To utter words rapidly and continually, or with abruptness; to let the tongue run.

Clack (v. t.) To cause to make a sudden, sharp noise, or succession of noises; to click.

Clack (v. t.) To utter rapidly and inconsiderately.

Clack (v. t.) A sharp, abrupt noise, or succession of noises, made by striking an object.

Clack (v. t.) Anything that causes a clacking noise, as the clapper of a mill, or a clack valve.

Clack (v. t.) Continual or importunate talk; prattle; prating.

Clacker (n.) One who clacks; that which clacks; especially, the clapper of a mill.

Clacker (n.) A claqueur. See Claqueur.

Clad (v.t) To clothe.

Clad () imp. & p. p. of Clothe.

Cladocera (n. pl.) An order of the Entomostraca.

Cladophyll (n.) A special branch, resembling a leaf, as in the apparent foliage of the broom (Ruscus) and of the common cultivated smilax (Myrsiphillum).

Claggy (a.) Adhesive; -- said of a roof in a mine to which coal clings.

Claik (n.) See Clake.

Claimed (imp. & p. p.) of Claim

Claiming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Claim

Claim (v./.) To ask for, or seek to obtain, by virtue of authority, right, or supposed right; to challenge as a right; to demand as due.

Claim (v./.) To proclaim.

Claim (v./.) To call or name.

Claim (v./.) To assert; to maintain.

Claim (v. i.) To be entitled to anything; to deduce a right or title; to have a claim.

Claim (n.) A demand of a right or supposed right; a calling on another for something due or supposed to be due; an assertion of a right or fact.

Claim (n.) A right to claim or demand something; a title to any debt, privilege, or other thing in possession of another; also, a title to anything which another should give or concede to, or confer on, the claimant.

Claim (n.) The thing claimed or demanded; that (as land) to which any one intends to establish a right; as a settler's claim; a miner's claim.

Claim (n.) A loud call.

Claimable (a.) Capable of being claimed.

Claimant (n.) One who claims; one who asserts a right or title; a claimer.

Claimer (n.) One who claims; a claimant.

Claimless (a.) Having no claim.

Clair-obscur (n.) See Chiaroscuro.

Clairvoyance (n.) A power, attributed to some persons while in a mesmeric state, of discering objects not perceptible by the senses in their normal condition.

Clairvoyant (a.) Pertaining to clairvoyance; discerning objects while in a mesmeric state which are not present to the senses.

Clairvoyant (n.) One who is able, when in a mesmeric state, to discern objects not present to the senses.

Clake (n.) Alt. of Claik

Claik (n.) The bernicle goose; -- called also clack goose.

Clam (v. t.) A bivalve mollusk of many kinds, especially those that are edible; as, the long clam (Mya arenaria), the quahog or round clam (Venus mercenaria), the sea clam or hen clam (Spisula solidissima), and other species of the United States. The name is said to have been given originally to the Tridacna gigas, a huge East Indian bivalve.

Clam (v. t.) Strong pinchers or forceps.

Clam (v. t.) A kind of vise, usually of wood.

Clammed (imp. & p. p.) of Clam

Clamming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clam

Clam (v. t.) To clog, as with glutinous or viscous matter.

Clam (v. i.) To be moist or glutinous; to stick; to adhere.

Clam (n.) Claminess; moisture.

Clam (n.) A crash or clangor made by ringing all the bells of a chime at once.

Clam (v. t. & i.) To produce, in bell ringing, a clam or clangor; to cause to clang.

Clamant (a.) Crying earnestly, beseeching clamorously.

Clamation (n.) The act of crying out.

Clamatores (n. pl.) A division of passerine birds in which the vocal muscles are but little developed, so that they lack the power of singing.

Clamatorial (a.) Like or pertaining to the Clamatores.

Clambake (n.) The backing or steaming of clams on heated stones, between layers of seaweed; hence, a picnic party, gathered on such an occasion.

Clambered (imp. & p. p.) of Clamber

Clambering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clamber

Clamber (v. i.) To climb with difficulty, or with hands and feet; -- also used figuratively.

Clamber (n.) The act of clambering.

Clamber (v. t.) To ascend by climbing with difficulty.

Clamjamphrie (n.) Low, worthless people; the rabble.

Clammily (adv.) In a clammy manner.

Clamminess (n.) State of being clammy or viscous.

Clammy (Compar.) Having the quality of being viscous or adhesive; soft and sticky; glutinous; damp and adhesive, as if covered with a cold perspiration.

Clamor (n.) A great outcry or vociferation; loud and continued shouting or exclamation.

Clamor (n.) Any loud and continued noise.

Clamor (n.) A continued expression of dissatisfaction or discontent; a popular outcry.

Clamored (imp. & p. p.) of Clamor

Clamoring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clamor

Clamor (v. t.) To salute loudly.

Clamor (v. t.) To stun with noise.

Clamor (v. t.) To utter loudly or repeatedly; to shout.

Clamor (v. i.) To utter loud sounds or outcries; to vociferate; to complain; to make importunate demands.

Clamorer (n.) One who clamors.

Clamorous (a.) Speaking and repeating loud words; full of clamor; calling or demanding loudly or urgently; vociferous; noisy; bawling; loud; turbulent.

Clamp (n.) Something rigid that holds fast or binds things together; a piece of wood or metal, used to hold two or more pieces together.

Clamp (n.) An instrument with a screw or screws by which work is held in its place or two parts are temporarily held together.

Clamp (n.) A piece of wood placed across another, or inserted into another, to bind or strengthen.

Clamp (n.) One of a pair of movable pieces of lead, or other soft material, to cover the jaws of a vise and enable it to grasp without bruising.

Clamp (n.) A thick plank on the inner part of a ship's side, used to sustain the ends of beams.

Clamp (n.) A mass of bricks heaped up to be burned; or of ore for roasting, or of coal for coking.

Clamp (n.) A mollusk. See Clam.

Clamped (imp. & p. p.) of Clamp

Clamping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clamp

Clamp (v. t.) To fasten with a clamp or clamps; to apply a clamp to; to place in a clamp.

Clamp (v. t.) To cover, as vegetables, with earth.

Clamp (n.) A heavy footstep; a tramp.

Clamp (v. i.) To tread heavily or clumsily; to clump.

Clamper (n.) An instrument of iron, with sharp prongs, attached to a boot or shoe to enable the wearer to walk securely upon ice; a creeper.

Clan (n.) A tribe or collection of families, united under a chieftain, regarded as having the same common ancestor, and bearing the same surname; as, the clan of Macdonald.

Clan (n.) A clique; a sect, society, or body of persons; esp., a body of persons united by some common interest or pursuit; -- sometimes used contemptuously.

Clancular (a.) Conducted with secrecy; clandestine; concealed.

Clancularly (adv.) privately; secretly.

Clandestine (a.) Conducted with secrecy; withdrawn from public notice, usually for an evil purpose; kept secret; hidden; private; underhand; as, a clandestine marriage.

Clandestinity (n.) Privacy or secrecy.

Clanged (imp. & p. p.) of Clang

Clanging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clang

Clang (v. t.) To strike together so as to produce a ringing metallic sound.

Clang (v. i.) To give out a clang; to resound.

Clang (n.) A loud, ringing sound, like that made by metallic substances when clanged or struck together.

Clang (n.) Quality of tone.

Clangor (v. t.) A sharp, harsh, ringing sound.

Clangorous (a.) Making a clangor; having a ringing, metallic sound.

Clangous (a.) Making a clang, or a ringing metallic sound.

Clanjamfrie (n.) Same as Clamjamphrie.

Clank (n.) A sharp, brief, ringing sound, made by a collision of metallic or other sonorous bodies; -- usually expressing a duller or less resounding sound than clang, and a deeper and stronger sound than clink.

Clanked (imp. & p. p.) of Clank

Clanking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clank

Clank (v. t.) To cause to sound with a clank; as, the prisoners clank their chains.

Clank (v. i.) To sound with a clank.

Clankless (a.) Without a clank.

Clannish (a.) Of or pertaining to a clan; closely united, like a clan; disposed to associate only with one's clan or clique; actuated by the traditions, prejudices, habits, etc., of a clan.

Clanship (n.) A state of being united together as in a clan; an association under a chieftain.

Clansmen (pl. ) of Clansman

Clansman (n.) One belonging to the same clan with another.

Clapped (imp. & p. p.) of Clap

Clapping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clap

Clap (v. t.) To strike; to slap; to strike, or strike together, with a quick motion, so, as to make a sharp noise; as, to clap one's hands; a clapping of wings.

Clap (v. t.) To thrust, drive, put, or close, in a hasty or abrupt manner; -- often followed by to, into, on, or upon.

Clap (v. t.) To manifest approbation of, by striking the hands together; to applaud; as, to clap a performance.

Clap (v. t.) To express contempt or derision.

Clap (v. i.) To knock, as at a door.

Clap (v. i.) To strike the hands together in applause.

Clap (v. i.) To come together suddenly with noise.

Clap (v. i.) To enter with alacrity and briskness; -- with to or into.

Clap (v. i.) To talk noisily; to chatter loudly.

Clap (n.) A loud noise made by sudden collision; a bang.

Clap (n.) A burst of sound; a sudden explosion.

Clap (n.) A single, sudden act or motion; a stroke; a blow.

Clap (n.) A striking of hands to express approbation.

Clap (n.) Noisy talk; chatter.

Clap (n.) The nether part of the beak of a hawk.

Clap (n.) Gonorrhea.

Clapboard (n.) A narrow board, thicker at one edge than at the other; -- used for weatherboarding the outside of houses.

Clapboard (n.) A stave for a cask.

Clapboard (v. t.) To cover with clapboards; as, to clapboard the sides of a house.

Clapbread (n.) Alt. of Clapcake

Clapcake (n.) Oatmeal cake or bread clapped or beaten till it is thin.

Clape (n.) A bird; the flicker.

Clapper (n.) A person who claps.

Clapper (n.) That which strikes or claps, as the tongue of a bell, or the piece of wood that strikes a mill hopper, etc. See Illust. of Bell.

Clapper (n.) A rabbit burrow.

Clapperclaw (v. t.) To fight and scratch.

Clapperclaw (v. t.) To abuse with the tongue; to revile; to scold.

Claps (v. t.) Variant of Clasp

Claptrap (n.) A contrivance for clapping in theaters.

Claptrap (n.) A trick or device to gain applause; humbug.

Claptrap (a.) Contrived for the purpose of making a show, or gaining applause; deceptive; unreal.

Claque (n.) A collection of persons employed to applaud at a theatrical exhibition.

Claqueur (n.) One of the claque employed to applaud at a theater.

Clare (n.) A nun of the order of St. Clare.

Clarence (n.) A close four-wheeled carriage, with one seat inside, and a seat for the driver.

Clarenceux (n.) Alt. of Clarencieux

Clarencieux (n.) See King-at-arms.

Clarendon (n.) A style of type having a narrow and heave face. It is made in all sizes.

Clare-obscure (n.) See Chiaroscuro.

Claret (n.) The name first given in England to the red wines of Medoc, in France, and afterwards extended to all the red Bordeaux wines. The name is also given to similar wines made in the United States.

Claribella (n.) A soft, sweet stop, or set of open wood pipes in an organ.

Clarichord (n.) A musical instrument, formerly in use, in form of a spinet; -- called also manichord and clavichord.

Clarification (n.) The act or process of making clear or transparent, by freeing visible impurities; as, the clarification of wine.

Clarification (n.) The act of freeing from obscurities.

Clarifier (n.) That which clarifies.

Clarifier (n.) A vessel in which the process of clarification is conducted; as, the clarifier in sugar works.

Clarified (imp. & p. p.) of Clarify

Clarifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clarify

Clarify (v. t.) To make clear or bright by freeing from feculent matter; to defecate; to fine; -- said of liquids, as wine or sirup.

Clarify (v. t.) To make clear; to free from obscurities; to brighten or illuminate.

Clarify (v. t.) To glorify.

Clarify (v. i.) To grow or become clear or transparent; to become free from feculent impurities, as wine or other liquid under clarification.

Clarify (v. i.) To grow clear or bright; to clear up.

Clarigate (v. i.) To declare war with certain ceremonies.

Clarinet (n.) A wind instrument, blown by a single reed, of richer and fuller tone than the oboe, which has a double reed. It is the leading instrument in a military band.

Clarino (n.) A reed stop in an organ.

Clarion (n.) A kind of trumpet, whose note is clear and shrill.

Clarionet (n.) See Clarinet.

Clarisonus (a.) Having a clear sound.

Claritude (n.) Clearness; splendor.

Clarity (n.) Clearness; brightness; splendor.

Claro-obscuro (n.) See Chiaroscuro.

Clarre (n.) Wine with a mixture of honey and species.

Clart (v. t.) To daub, smear, or spread, as with mud, etc.

Clarty (a.) Sticky and foul; muddy; filthy; dirty.

Clary (v. i.) To make a loud or shrill noise.

Clary (n.) A plant (Salvia sclarea) of the Sage family, used in flavoring soups.

Clashed (imp. & p. p.) of Clash

Clashing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clash

Clash (v. i.) To make a noise by striking against something; to dash noisily together.

Clash (v. i.) To meet in opposition; to act in a contrary direction; to come onto collision; to interfere.

Clash (v. t.) To strike noisily against or together.

Clash (n.) A loud noise resulting from collision; a noisy collision of bodies; a collision.

Clash (n.) Opposition; contradiction; as between differing or contending interests, views, purposes, etc.

Clashingly (adv.) With clashing.

Clasped (imp. & p. p.) of Clasp

Clasping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clasp

Clasp (v. t.) To shut or fasten together with, or as with, a clasp; to shut or fasten (a clasp, or that which fastens with a clasp).

Clasp (v. t.) To inclose and hold in the hand or with the arms; to grasp; to embrace.

Clasp (v. t.) To surround and cling to; to entwine about.

Clasp (n.) An adjustable catch, bent plate, or hook, for holding together two objects or the parts of anything, as the ends of a belt, the covers of a book, etc.

Clasp (n.) A close embrace; a throwing of the arms around; a grasping, as with the hand.

Clasper (n.) One who, or that which, clasps, as a tendril.

Clasper (n.) One of a pair of organs used by the male for grasping the female among many of the Crustacea.

Clasper (n.) One of a pair of male copulatory organs, developed on the anterior side of the ventral fins of sharks and other elasmobranchs. See Illust. of Chimaera.

Claspered (a.) Furnished with tendrils.

Class (n.) A group of individuals ranked together as possessing common characteristics; as, the different classes of society; the educated class; the lower classes.

Class (n.) A number of students in a school or college, of the same standing, or pursuing the same studies.

Class (n.) A comprehensive division of animate or inanimate objects, grouped together on account of their common characteristics, in any classification in natural science, and subdivided into orders, families, tribes, genera, etc.

Class (n.) A set; a kind or description, species or variety.

Class (n.) One of the sections into which a church or congregation is divided, and which is under the supervision of a class leader.

Classed (imp. & p. p.) of Class

Classing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Class

Class (n.) To arrange in classes; to classify or refer to some class; as, to class words or passages.

Class (n.) To divide into classes, as students; to form into, or place in, a class or classes.

Class (v. i.) To grouped or classed.

Classible (a.) Capable of being classed.

Classic (n.) Alt. of Classical

Classical (n.) Of or relating to the first class or rank, especially in literature or art.

Classical (n.) Of or pertaining to the ancient Greeks and Romans, esp. to Greek or Roman authors of the highest rank, or of the period when their best literature was produced; of or pertaining to places inhabited by the ancient Greeks and Romans, or rendered famous by their deeds.

Classical (n.) Conforming to the best authority in literature and art; chaste; pure; refined; as, a classical style.

Classic (n.) A work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; -- originally used of Greek and Latin works or authors, but now applied to authors and works of a like character in any language.

Classic (n.) One learned in the literature of Greece and Rome, or a student of classical literature.

Classicalism (n.) A classical idiom, style, or expression; a classicism.

Classicalism (n.) Adherence to what are supposed or assumed to be the classical canons of art.

Classicalist (n.) One who adheres to what he thinks the classical canons of art.

Classicality (n.) Alt. of Classicalness

Classicalness (n.) The quality of being classical.

Classically (adv.) In a classical manner; according to the manner of classical authors.

Classically (adv.) In the manner of classes; according to a regular order of classes or sets.

Classicism (n.) A classic idiom or expression; a classicalism.

Classicist (n.) One learned in the classics; an advocate for the classics.

Classifiable (a.) Capable of being classified.

Classific (a.) Characterizing a class or classes; relating to classification.

Classification (n.) The act of forming into a class or classes; a distibution into groups, as classes, orders, families, etc., according to some common relations or affinities.

Classificatory (a.) Pertaining to classification; admitting of classification.

Classifier (n.) One who classifies.

Classified (imp. & pp.) of Classify

Classifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Classify

Classify (v. t.) To distribute into classes; to arrange according to a system; to arrange in sets according to some method founded on common properties or characters.

Classes (pl. ) of Classis

Classis (n.) A class or order; sort; kind.

Classis (n.) An ecclesiastical body or judicatory in certain churches, as the Reformed Dutch. It is intermediate between the consistory and the synod, and corresponds to the presbytery in the Presbyterian church.

Classmen (pl. ) of Classman

Classman (n.) A member of a class; a classmate.

Classman (n.) A candidate for graduation in arts who is placed in an honor class, as opposed to a passman, who is not classified.

Classmate (n.) One who is in the same class with another, as at school or college.

Clastic (a.) Pertaining to what may be taken apart; as, clastic anatomy (of models).

Clastic (a.) Fragmental; made up of brok/ fragments; as, sandstone is a clastic rock.

Clathrate (a.) Shaped like a lattice; cancellate.

Clathrate (a.) Having the surface marked with raised lines resembling a lattice, as many shells.

Clattered (imp. & p. p.) of Clatter

Clattering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clatter

Clatter (v. i.) To make a rattling sound by striking hard bodies together; to make a succession of abrupt, rattling sounds.

Clatter (v. i.) To talk fast and noisily; to rattle with the tongue.

Clatter (v. t.) To make a rattling noise with.

Clatter (n.) A rattling noise, esp. that made by the collision of hard bodies; also, any loud, abrupt sound; a repetition of abrupt sounds.

Clatter (n.) Commotion; disturbance.

Clatter (n.) Rapid, noisy talk; babble; chatter.

Clatterer (n.) One who clatters.

Clatteringly (adv.) With clattering.

Claude Lorraine glass () A slightly convex mirror, commonly of black glass, used as a toy for viewing the reflected landscape.

Claudent (a.) Shutting; confining; drawing together; as, a claudent muscle.

Claudicant (a.) Limping.

Claudication (n.) A halting or limping.

Clause (n.) A separate portion of a written paper, paragraph, or sentence; an article, stipulation, or proviso, in a legal document.

Clause (n.) A subordinate portion or a subdivision of a sentence containing a subject and its predicate.

Clause (n.) See Letters clause / close, under Letter.

Claustral (a.) Cloistral.

Claustra (pl. ) of Claustrum

Claustrum (n.) A thin lamina of gray matter in each cerebral hemisphere of the brain of man.

Clausular (n.) Consisting of, or having, clauses.

Clausure (n.) The act of shutting up or confining; confinement.

Clavate (a.) Alt. of Clavated

Clavated (a.) Club-shaped; having the form of a club; growing gradually thicker toward the top. [See Illust. of Antennae.]

Clave () imp. of Cleave.

Clavecin (n.) The harpsichord.

Clavel (n.) See Clevis.

Clavellate (a.) See Clavate.

Clavellated (a.) Said of potash, probably in reference to its having been obtained from billets of wood by burning.

Claver (n.) See Clover.

Claver (n.) Frivolous or nonsensical talk; prattle; chattering.

Clavichord (n.) A keyed stringed instrument, now superseded by the pianoforte. See Clarichord.

Clavicle (n.) The collar bone, which is joined at one end to the scapula, or shoulder blade, and at the other to the sternum, or breastbone. In man each clavicle is shaped like the letter /, and is situated just above the first rib on either side of the neck. In birds the two clavicles are united ventrally, forming the merrythought, or wishbone.

Clavicorn (a.) Having club-shaped antennae. See Antennae

Clavicorn (n.) One of the Clavicornes.

Clavicornes (n. pl.) A group of beetles having club-shaped antennae.

Clavicular (a.) Of or pertaining to the clavicle.

Clavier (n.) The keyboard of an organ, pianoforte, or harmonium.

Claviform (a.) Club-shaped; clavate.

Claviger (n.) One who carries the keys of any place.

Claviger (n.) One who carries a club; a club bearer.

Clavigerous (a.) Bearing a club or a key.

Claves (pl. ) of Clavis

Clavises (pl. ) of Clavis

Clavis (n.) A key; a glossary.

Clavus (n.) A callous growth, esp. one the foot; a corn.

Clavies (pl. ) of Clavy

Clavy (n.) A mantelpiece.

Claw (n.) A sharp, hooked nail, as of a beast or bird.

Claw (n.) The whole foot of an animal armed with hooked nails; the pinchers of a lobster, crab, etc.

Claw (n.) Anything resembling the claw of an animal, as the curved and forked end of a hammer for drawing nails.

Claw (n.) A slender appendage or process, formed like a claw, as the base of petals of the pink.

Clawed (imp. & p. p.) of Claw

Clawing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Claw

Claw (n.) To pull, tear, or scratch with, or as with, claws or nails.

Claw (n.) To relieve from some uneasy sensation, as by scratching; to tickle; hence, to flatter; to court.

Claw (n.) To rail at; to scold.

Claw (v. i.) To scrape, scratch, or dig with a claw, or with the hand as a claw.

Clawback (n.) A flatterer or sycophant.

Clawback (a.) Flattering; sycophantic.

Clawback (v. t.) To flatter.

Clawed (a.) Furnished with claws.

Clawless (a.) Destitute of claws.

Clay (n.) A soft earth, which is plastic, or may be molded with the hands, consisting of hydrous silicate of aluminium. It is the result of the wearing down and decomposition, in part, of rocks containing aluminous minerals, as granite. Lime, magnesia, oxide of iron, and other ingredients, are often present as impurities.

Clay (n.) Earth in general, as representing the elementary particles of the human body; hence, the human body as formed from such particles.

Clayed (imp. & p. p.) of Clay

Claying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clay

Clay (v. t.) To cover or manure with clay.

Clay (v. t.) To clarify by filtering through clay, as sugar.

Clay-brained (a.) Stupid.

Clayes (n. pl.) Wattles, or hurdles, made with stakes interwoven with osiers, to cover lodgments.

Clayey (a.) Consisting of clay; abounding with clay; partaking of clay; like clay.

Clayish (a.) Partaking of the nature of clay, or containing particles of it.

Claymore (n.) A large two-handed sword used formerly by the Scottish Highlanders.

Claytonia (n.) An American genus of perennial herbs with delicate blossoms; -- sometimes called spring beauty.

Cleading (n.) A jacket or outer covering of wood, etc., to prevent radiation of heat, as from the boiler, cylinder. etc., of a steam engine.

Cleading (n.) The planking or boarding of a shaft, cofferdam, etc.

Clean (superl.) Free from dirt or filth; as, clean clothes.

Clean (superl.) Free from that which is useless or injurious; without defects; as, clean land; clean timber.

Clean (superl.) Free from awkwardness; not bungling; adroit; dexterous; as, aclean trick; a clean leap over a fence.

Clean (superl.) Free from errors and vulgarisms; as, a clean style.

Clean (superl.) Free from restraint or neglect; complete; entire.

Clean (superl.) Free from moral defilement; sinless; pure.

Clean (superl.) Free from ceremonial defilement.

Clean (superl.) Free from that which is corrupting to the morals; pure in tone; healthy.

Clean (superl.) Well-proportioned; shapely; as, clean limbs.

Clean (adv.) Without limitation or remainder; quite; perfectly; wholly; entirely.

Clean (adv.) Without miscarriage; not bunglingly; dexterously.

Cleaned (imp. & p. p.) of Clean

Cleaning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clean

Clean (a.) To render clean; to free from whatever is foul, offensive, or extraneous; to purify; to cleanse.

Clean-cut (a.) See Clear-cut.

Cleaner (n.) One who, or that which, cleans.

Cleaning (n.) The act of making clean.

Cleaning (n.) The afterbirth of cows, ewes, etc.

Cleanlily (adv.) In a cleanly manner.

Clean-limbed (a.) With well-proportioned, unblemished limbs; as, a clean-limbed young fellow.

Cleanliness (n.) State of being cleanly; neatness of person or dress.

Cleanly (superl.) Habitually clean; pure; innocent.

Cleanly (superl.) Cleansing; fitted to remove moisture; dirt, etc.

Cleanly (superl.) Adroit; skillful; dexterous; artful.

Cleanly (adv.) In a clean manner; neatly.

Cleanly (adv.) Innocently; without stain.

Cleanly (adv.) Adroitly; dexterously.

Cleanness (n.) The state or quality of being clean.

Cleanness (n.) Purity of life or language; freedom from licentious courses.

Cleansable (a.) Capable of being cleansed.

Cleansed (imp. & p. p.) of Cleanse

Cleansing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cleanse

Cleanse (v. t.) To render clean; to free from fith, pollution, infection, guilt, etc.; to clean.

Cleanser (n.) One who, or that which, cleanses; a detergent.

Clean-timbered (a.) Well-proportioned; symmetrical.

Clear (superl.) Free from opaqueness; transparent; bright; light; luminous; unclouded.

Clear (superl.) Free from ambiguity or indistinctness; lucid; perspicuous; plain; evident; manifest; indubitable.

Clear (superl.) Able to perceive clearly; keen; acute; penetrating; discriminating; as, a clear intellect; a clear head.

Clear (superl.) Not clouded with passion; serene; cheerful.

Clear (superl.) Easily or distinctly heard; audible; canorous.

Clear (superl.) Without mixture; entirely pure; as, clear sand.

Clear (superl.) Without defect or blemish, such as freckles or knots; as, a clear complexion; clear lumber.

Clear (superl.) Free from guilt or stain; unblemished.

Clear (superl.) Without diminution; in full; net; as, clear profit.

Clear (superl.) Free from impediment or obstruction; unobstructed; as, a clear view; to keep clear of debt.

Clear (superl.) Free from embarrassment; detention, etc.

Clear (n.) Full extent; distance between extreme limits; especially; the distance between the nearest surfaces of two bodies, or the space between walls; as, a room ten feet square in the clear.

Clear (adv.) In a clear manner; plainly.

Clear (adv.) Without limitation; wholly; quite; entirely; as, to cut a piece clear off.

Cleared (imp. & p. p.) of Clear

Clearing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clear

Clear (v. t.) To render bright, transparent, or undimmed; to free from clouds.

Clear (v. t.) To free from impurities; to clarify; to cleanse.

Clear (v. t.) To free from obscurity or ambiguity; to relive of perplexity; to make perspicuous.

Clear (v. t.) To render more quick or acute, as the understanding; to make perspicacious.

Clear (v. t.) To free from impediment or incumbrance, from defilement, or from anything injurious, useless, or offensive; as, to clear land of trees or brushwood, or from stones; to clear the sight or the voice; to clear one's self from debt; -- often used with of, off, away, or out.

Clear (v. t.) To free from the imputation of guilt; to justify, vindicate, or acquit; -- often used with from before the thing imputed.

Clear (v. t.) To leap or pass by, or over, without touching or failure; as, to clear a hedge; to clear a reef.

Clear (v. t.) To gain without deduction; to net.

Clear (v. i.) To become free from clouds or fog; to become fair; -- often followed by up, off, or away.

Clear (v. i.) To disengage one's self from incumbrances, distress, or entanglements; to become free.

Clear (v. i.) To make exchanges of checks and bills, and settle balances, as is done in a clearing house.

Clear (v. i.) To obtain a clearance; as, the steamer cleared for Liverpool to-day.

Clearage (n.) The act of removing anything; clearance.

Clearance (n.) The act of clearing; as, to make a thorough clearance.

Clearance (n.) A certificate that a ship or vessel has been cleared at the customhouse; permission to sail.

Clearance (n.) Clear or net profit.

Clearance (n.) The distance by which one object clears another, as the distance between the piston and cylinder head at the end of a stroke in a steam engine, or the least distance between the point of a cogwheel tooth and the bottom of a space between teeth of a wheel with which it engages.

Clear-cut (a.) Having a sharp, distinct outline, like that of a cameo.

Clear-cut (a.) Concisely and distinctly expressed.

Clearedness (n.) The quality of being cleared.

Clearer (n.) One who, or that which, clears.

Clearer (n.) A tool of which the hemp for lines and twines, used by sailmakers, is finished.

Clear-headed (a.) Having a clear understanding; quick of perception; intelligent.

Clearing (n.) The act or process of making clear.

Clearing (n.) A tract of land cleared of wood for cultivation.

Clearing (n.) A method adopted by banks and bankers for making an exchange of checks held by each against the others, and settling differences of accounts.

Clearing (n.) The gross amount of the balances adjusted in the clearing house.

Clearly (adv.) In a clear manner.

Clearness (n.) The quality or state of being clear.

Clear-seeing (a.) Having a clear physical or mental vision; having a clear understanding.

Clear-shining (a.) Shining brightly.

Clear-sighted (a.) Seeing with clearness; discerning; as, clear-sighted reason

Clear-sightedness (n.) Acute discernment.

Clearstarched (imp. & p. p.) of Clearstarch

Clearstraching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clearstarch

Clearstarch (v. t.) To stiffen with starch, and then make clear by clapping with the hands; as, to clearstarch muslin.

Clearstarcher (n.) One who clearstarches.

Clearstory (n.) Alt. of Clerestory

Clerestory (n.) The upper story of the nave of a church, containing windows, and rising above the aisle roofs.

Clearwing (n.) A lepidopterous insect with partially transparent wings, of the family Aegeriadae, of which the currant and peach-tree borers are examples.

Cleat (n.) A strip of wood or iron fastened on transversely to something in order to give strength, prevent warping, hold position, etc.

Cleat (n.) A device made of wood or metal, having two arms, around which turns may be taken with a line or rope so as to hold securely and yet be readily released. It is bolted by the middle to a deck or mast, etc., or it may be lashed to a rope.

Cleat (v. t.) To strengthen with a cleat.

Cleavable (a.) Capable of cleaving or being divided.

Cleavage (n.) The act of cleaving or splitting.

Cleavage (n.) The quality possessed by many crystallized substances of splitting readily in one or more definite directions, in which the cohesive attraction is a minimum, affording more or less smooth surfaces; the direction of the dividing plane; a fragment obtained by cleaving, as of a diamond. See Parting.

Cleavage (n.) Division into laminae, like slate, with the lamination not necessarily parallel to the plane of deposition; -- usually produced by pressure.

Cleaved (imp.) of Cleave

Clave () of Cleave

Cleaved (p. p.) of Cleave

Cleaving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cleave

Cleave (v. i. ) To adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast; to cling.

Cleave (v. i. ) To unite or be united closely in interest or affection; to adhere with strong attachment.

Cleave (v. i. ) To fit; to be adapted; to assimilate.

Cleft (imp.) of Cleave

Clave () of Cleave

Clove () of Cleave

Cleft (p. p.) of Cleave

Cleaved () of Cleave

Cloven () of Cleave

Cleaving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cleave

Cleave (v. t.) To part or divide by force; to split or rive; to cut.

Cleave (v. t.) To part or open naturally; to divide.

Cleave (v. i.) To part; to open; to crack; to separate; as parts of bodies; as, the ground cleaves by frost.

Cleavelandite (n.) A variety of albite, white and lamellar in structure.

Cleaver (n.) One who cleaves, or that which cleaves; especially, a butcher's instrument for cutting animal bodies into joints or pieces.

Cleavers (n.) A species of Galium (G. Aparine), having a fruit set with hooked bristles, which adhere to whatever they come in contact with; -- called also, goose grass, catchweed, etc.

Cleche (a.) Charged with another bearing of the same figure, and of the color of the field, so large that only a narrow border of the first bearing remains visible; -- said of any heraldic bearing. Compare Voided.

Clechy (a.) See Cleche.

Cledge (n.) The upper stratum of fuller's earth.

Cledgy (a.) Stiff, stubborn, clayey, or tenacious; as, a cledgy soil.

Clee (n.) A claw.

Clee (n.) The redshank.

Clef (n.) A character used in musical notation to determine the position and pitch of the scale as represented on the staff.

Cleft () imp. & p. p. from Cleave.

Cleft (a.) Divided; split; partly divided or split.

Cleft (a.) Incised nearly to the midrib; as, a cleft leaf.

Cleft (n.) A space or opening made by splitting; a crack; a crevice; as, the cleft of a rock.

Cleft (n.) A piece made by splitting; as, a cleft of wood.

Cleft (n.) A disease in horses; a crack on the band of the pastern.

Cleft-footed (a.) Having a cloven foot.

Cleftgraft (v. t.) To ingraft by cleaving the stock and inserting a scion.

Cleg (n.) A small breeze or horsefly.

Cleistogamic (a.) Alt. of Cleistogamous

Cleistogamous (a.) Having, beside the usual flowers, other minute, closed flowers, without petals or with minute petals; -- said of certain species of plants which possess flowers of two or more kinds, the closed ones being so constituted as to insure self-fertilization.

Clem (v. t. & i.) To starve; to famish.

Clematis (n.) A genus of flowering plants, of many species, mostly climbers, having feathery styles, which greatly enlarge in the fruit; -- called also virgin's bower.

Clemence (n.) Clemency.

Clemencies (pl. ) of Clemency

Clemency (n.) Disposition to forgive and spare, as offenders; mildness of temper; gentleness; tenderness; mercy.

Clemency (n.) Mildness or softness of the elements; as, the clemency of the season.

Clement (a.) Mild in temper and disposition; merciful; compassionate.

Clementine (a.) Of or pertaining to Clement, esp. to St. Clement of Rome and the spurious homilies attributed to him, or to Pope Clement V. and his compilations of canon law.

Clench (n. & v. t.) See Clinch.

Cleped (imp. & p. p.) of Clepe

Cleping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clepe

Ycleped () of Clepe

Clepe (v. t.) To call, or name.

Clepe (v. i.) To make appeal; to cry out.

Clepsine (n.) A genus of fresh-water leeches, furnished with a proboscis. They feed upon mollusks and worms.

Clepsydra (n.) A water clock; a contrivance for measuring time by the graduated flow of a liquid, as of water, through a small aperture. See Illust. in Appendix.

Cleptomania (n.) See Kleptomania.

Clerestory (n.) Same as Clearstory.

Clergeon (n.) A chorister boy.

Clergial (a.) Learned; erudite; clerical.

Clergical (a.) Of or pertaining to the clergy; clerical; clerkily; learned.

Clergy (n.) The body of men set apart, by due ordination, to the service of God, in the Christian church, in distinction from the laity; in England, usually restricted to the ministers of the Established Church.

Clergy (n.) Learning; also, a learned profession.

Clergy (n.) The privilege or benefit of clergy.

Clergyable (a.) Entitled to, or admitting, the benefit of clergy; as, a clergyable felony.

Clergymen (pl. ) of Clergyman

Clergyman (n.) An ordained minister; a man regularly authorized to preach the gospel, and administer its ordinances; in England usually restricted to a minister of the Established Church.

Cleric (n.) A clerk, a clergyman.

Cleric (a.) Same as Clerical.

Clerical (a.) Of or pertaining to the clergy; suitable for the clergy.

Clerical (a.) Of or relating to a clerk or copyist, or to writing.

Clericalism (n.) An excessive devotion to the interests of the sacerdotal order; undue influence of the clergy; sacerdotalism.

Clericity (n.) The state of being a clergyman.

Clerisy (n.) The literati, or well educated class.

Clerisy (n.) The clergy, or their opinions, as opposed to the laity.

Clerk (n.) A clergyman or ecclesiastic.

Clerk (n.) A man who could read; a scholar; a learned person; a man of letters.

Clerk (n.) A parish officer, being a layman who leads in reading the responses of the Episcopal church service, and otherwise assists in it.

Clerk (n.) One employed to keep records or accounts; a scribe; an accountant; as, the clerk of a court; a town clerk.

Clerk (n.) An assistant in a shop or store.

Clerk-ale (n.) A feast for the benefit of the parish clerk.

Clerkless (a.) Unlearned.

Clerklike (a.) Scholarlike.

Clerkliness (n.) Scholarship.

Clerkly (a.) Of or pertaining to a clerk.

Clerkly (adv.) In a scholarly manner.

Clerkship (n.) State, quality, or business of a clerk.

Cleromancy (n.) A divination by throwing dice or casting lots.

Cleronomy (n.) Inheritance; heritage.

Clerstory (n.) See Clearstory.

Clever (a.) Possessing quickness of intellect, skill, dexterity, talent, or adroitness; expert.

Clever (a.) Showing skill or adroitness in the doer or former; as, a clever speech; a clever trick.

Clever (a.) Having fitness, propriety, or suitableness.

Clever (a.) Well-shaped; handsome.

Clever (a.) Good-natured; obliging.

Cleverish (a.) Somewhat clever.

Cleverly (adv.) In a clever manner.

Cleverness (n.) The quality of being clever; skill; dexterity; adroitness.

Clevis (n.) A piece of metal bent in the form of an oxbow, with the two ends perforated to receive a pin, used on the end of the tongue of a plow, wagen, etc., to attach it to a draft chain, whiffletree, etc.; -- called also clavel, clevy.

Clew (n.) Alt. of Clue

Clue (n.) A ball of thread, yarn, or cord; also, The thread itself.

Clue (n.) That which guides or directs one in anything of a doubtful or intricate nature; that which gives a hint in the solution of a mystery.

Clue (n.) A lower corner of a square sail, or the after corner of a fore-and-aft sail.

Clue (n.) A loop and thimbles at the corner of a sail.

Clue (n.) A combination of lines or nettles by which a hammock is suspended.

Clewing (imp. & p. p. & vb. n.) of Clew

Clew (n.) To direct; to guide, as by a thread.

Clew (n.) To move of draw (a sail or yard) by means of the clew garnets, clew lines, etc.; esp. to draw up the clews of a square sail to the yard.

Cliche (n.) A stereotype plate or any similar reproduction of ornament, or lettering, in relief.

Clicked (imp. & p. p.) of Click

Clicking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Click

Click (v. i.) To make a slight, sharp noise (or a succession of such noises), as by gentle striking; to tick.

Click (v. t.) To move with the sound of a click.

Click (v. t.) To cause to make a clicking noise, as by striking together, or against something.

Click (n.) A slight sharp noise, such as is made by the cocking of a pistol.

Click (n.) A kind of articulation used by the natives of Southern Africa, consisting in a sudden withdrawal of the end or some other portion of the tongue from a part of the mouth with which it is in contact, whereby a sharp, clicking sound is produced. The sounds are four in number, and are called cerebral, palatal, dental, and lateral clicks or clucks, the latter being the noise ordinarily used in urging a horse forward.

Click (v. t.) To snatch.

Click (n.) A detent, pawl, or ratchet, as that which catches the cogs of a ratchet wheel to prevent backward motion. See Illust. of Ratched wheel.

Click (n.) The latch of a door.

Click beetle () See Elater.

Clicker (n.) One who stands before a shop door to invite people to buy.

Clicker (n.) One who as has charge of the work of a companionship.

Clicket (n.) The knocker of a door.

Clicket (n.) A latch key.

Clicky (a.) Resembling a click; abounding in clicks.

Clidastes (n.) A genus of extinct marine reptiles, allied to the Mosasaurus. See Illust. in Appendix.

Cliency (n.) State of being a client.

Client (n.) A citizen who put himself under the protection of a man of distinction and influence, who was called his patron.

Client (n.) A dependent; one under the protection of another.

Client (n.) One who consults a legal adviser, or submits his cause to his management.

Clientage (n.) State of being client.

Clientage (n.) A body of clients.

Cliental (a.) Of or pertaining to a client.

Cliented (a.) Supplied with clients.

Clientelage (n.) See Clientele, n., 2.

Clientele (n.) The condition or position of a client; clientship

Clientele (n.) The clients or dependents of a nobleman of patron.

Clientele (n.) The persons who make habitual use of the services of another person; one's clients, collectively; as, the clientele of a lawyer, doctor, notary, etc.

Clientship (n.) Condition of a client; state of being under the protection of a patron.

Cliff (n.) A high, steep rock; a precipice.

Cliff (n.) See Clef.

Cliff limestone () A series of limestone strata found in Ohio and farther west, presenting bluffs along the rivers and valleys, formerly supposed to be of one formation, but now known to be partly Silurian and partly Devonian.

Cliffy (a.) Having cliffs; broken; craggy.

Clift (n.) A cliff.

Clift (n.) A cleft of crack; a narrow opening.

Clift (n.) The fork of the legs; the crotch.

Clifted (a.) Broken; fissured.

Climacter (n.) See Climacteric, n.

Climacteric (a.) Relating to a climacteric; critical.

Climacteric (n.) A period in human life in which some great change is supposed to take place in the constitution. The critical periods are thought by some to be the years produced by multiplying 7 into the odd numbers 3, 5, 7, and 9; to which others add the 81st year.

Climacteric (n.) Any critical period.

Climacterical (a. & n.) See Climacteric.

Climatal (a.) Climatic.

Climatarchic (a.) Presiding over, or regulating, climates.

Climate (v. i.) One of thirty regions or zones, parallel to the equator, into which the surface of the earth from the equator to the pole was divided, according to the successive increase of the length of the midsummer day.

Climate (v. i.) The condition of a place in relation to various phenomena of the atmosphere, as temperature, moisture, etc., especially as they affect animal or vegetable life.

Climate (v. i.) To dwell.

Climatic (a.) Of or pertaining to a climate; depending on, or limited by, a climate.

Climatical (a.) Climatic.

Climatized (imp. & p. p.) of Climatize

Climatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Climatize

Climatize (v. t. & i.) To acclimate or become acclimated.

Climatography (n.) A description of climates.

Climatological (a.) Of or pertaining to climatology.

Climatologist (n.) One versed in, or who studies, climatology.

Climatology (n.) The science which treats of climates and investigates their phenomena and causes.

Climature (n.) A climate.

Climax (v. i.) Upward movement; steady increase; gradation; ascent.

Climax (v. i.) A figure in which the parts of a sentence or paragraph are so arranged that each succeeding one rises above its predecessor in impressiveness.

Climax (v. i.) The highest point; the greatest degree.

Climbed (imp. & p. p.) of Climb

Clomb () of Climb

Climbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Climb

Climb (v. i.) To ascend or mount laboriously, esp. by use of the hands and feet.

Climb (v. i.) To ascend as if with effort; to rise to a higher point.

Climb (v. i.) To ascend or creep upward by twining about a support, or by attaching itself by tendrils, rootlets, etc., to a support or upright surface.

Climb (v. t.) To ascend, as by means of the hands and feet, or laboriously or slowly; to mount.

Climb (n.) The act of one who climbs; ascent by climbing.

Climbable (a.) Capable of being climbed.

Climber (n.) One who, or that which, climbs

Climber (n.) A plant that climbs.

Climber (n.) A bird that climbs, as a woodpecker or a parrot.

Climber (v. i.) To climb; to mount with effort; to clamber.

Climbing () p. pr. & vb. n. of Climb.

Clime (n.) A climate; a tract or region of the earth. See Climate.

Clinanthium (n.) The receptacle of the flowers in a composite plant; -- also called clinium.

Clinched (imp. & p. p.) of Clinch

Clinching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clinch

Clinch (v. t.) To hold firmly; to hold fast by grasping or embracing tightly.

Clinch (v. t.) To set closely together; to close tightly; as, to clinch the teeth or the first.

Clinch (v. t.) To bend or turn over the point of (something that has been driven through an object), so that it will hold fast; as, to clinch a nail.

Clinch (v. t.) To make conclusive; to confirm; to establish; as, to clinch an argument.

Clinch (v. i.) To hold fast; to grasp something firmly; to seize or grasp one another.

Clinch (n.) The act or process of holding fast; that which serves to hold fast; a grip; a grasp; a clamp; a holdfast; as, to get a good clinch of an antagonist, or of a weapon; to secure anything by a clinch.

Clinch (n.) A pun.

Clinch (n.) A hitch or bend by which a rope is made fast to the ring of an anchor, or the breeching of a ship's gun to the ringbolts.

Clincher (n.) One who, or that which, clinches; that which holds fast.

Clincher (n.) That which ends a dispute or controversy; a decisive argument.

Clincher-built (a.) See Clinker-built.

Clung (imp. & p. p.) of Cling

Clong () of Cling

Clinging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cling

Cling (v. i.) To adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast, especially by twining round or embracing; as, the tendril of a vine clings to its support; -- usually followed by to or together.

Cling (v. t.) To cause to adhere to, especially by twining round or embracing.

Cling (v. t.) To make to dry up or wither.

Cling (n.) Adherence; attachment; devotion.

Clingstone (a.) Having the flesh attached closely to the stone, as in some kinds of peaches.

Clingstone (n.) A fruit, as a peach, whose flesh adheres to the stone.

Clingy (a.) Apt to cling; adhesive.

Clinic (n.) One confined to the bed by sickness.

Clinic (n.) One who receives baptism on a sick bed.

Clinic (n.) A school, or a session of a school or class, in which medicine or surgery is taught by the examination and treatment of patients in the presence of the pupils.

Clinical (v. i.) Alt. of Clinic

Clinic (v. i.) Of or pertaining to a bed, especially, a sick bed.

Clinic (v. i.) Of or pertaining to a clinic, or to the study of disease in the living subject.

Clinically (adv.) In a clinical manner.

Clinique (n.) A clinic.

Clinium (n.) See Clinanthium.

Clinked (imp. & p. p.) of Clink

Clinking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clink

Clink (v. i.) To cause to give out a slight, sharp, tinkling, sound, as by striking metallic or other sonorous bodies together.

Clink (v. i.) To give out a slight, sharp, tinkling sound.

Clink (v. i.) To rhyme. [Humorous].

Clink (n.) A slight, sharp, tinkling sound, made by the collision of sonorous bodies.

Clinkant (a.) See Clinquant.

Clinker (n.) A mass composed of several bricks run together by the action of the fire in the kiln.

Clinker (n.) Scoria or vitrified incombustible matter, formed in a grate or furnace where anthracite coal in used; vitrified or burnt matter ejected from a volcano; slag.

Clinker (n.) A scale of oxide of iron, formed in forging.

Clinker (n.) A kind of brick. See Dutch clinker, under Dutch.

Clinker-built (a.) Having the side planks (af a boat) so arranged that the lower edge of each overlaps the upper edge of the plank next below it like clapboards on a house. See Lapstreak.

Clinkstone (n.) An igneous rock of feldspathic composition, lamellar in structure, and clinking under the hammer. See Phonolite.

Clinodiagonal (n.) That diagonal or lateral axis in a monoclinic crystal which makes an oblique angle with the vertical axis. See Crystallization.

Clinodiagonal (a.) Pertaining to, or the direction of, the clinodiagonal.

Clinodome (n.) See under Dome.

Clinographic (a.) Pertaining to that mode of projection in drawing in which the rays of light are supposed to fall obliquely on the plane of projection.

Clinoid (a.) Like a bed; -- applied to several processes on the inner side of the sphenoid bone.

Clinometer (n.) An instrument for determining the dip of beds or strata, pr the slope of an embankment or cutting; a kind of plumb level.

Clinometric (a.) Pertaining to, or ascertained by, the clinometer.

Clinometric (a.) Pertaining to the oblique crystalline forms, or to solids which have oblique angles between the axes; as, the clinometric systems.

Clinometry (n.) That art or operation of measuring the inclination of strata.

Clinopinacoid (n.) The plane in crystals of the monoclinic system which is parallel to the vertical and the inclined lateral (clinidiagonal) axes.

Clinorhombic (a.) Possessing the qualities of a prism, obliquely inclined to a rhombic base; monoclinic.

Clinquant (a.) Glittering; dressed in, or overlaid with, tinsel finery.

Clinquant (n.) Tinsel; Dutch gold.

Clio (n.) The Muse who presided over history.

Clione (n.) A genus of naked pteropods. One species (Clione papilonacea), abundant in the Arctic Ocean, constitutes a part of the food of the Greenland whale. It is sometimes incorrectly called Clio.

Clipped (imp. & p. p.) of Clip

Clipping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clip

Clip (v. t.) To embrace, hence; to encompass.

Clip (v. t.) To cut off; as with shears or scissors; as, to clip the hair; to clip coin.

Clip (v. t.) To curtail; to cut short.

Clip (v. i.) To move swiftly; -- usually with indefinite it.

Clip (n.) An embrace.

Clip (n.) A cutting; a shearing.

Clip (n.) The product of a single shearing of sheep; a season's crop of wool.

Clip (n.) A clasp or holder for letters, papers, etc.

Clip (n.) An embracing strap for holding parts together; the iron strap, with loop, at the ends of a whiffletree.

Clip (n.) A projecting flange on the upper edge of a horseshoe, turned up so as to embrace the lower part of the hoof; -- called also toe clip and beak.

Clip (n.) A blow or stroke with the hand; as, he hit him a clip.

Clipper (n.) One who clips; specifically, one who clips off the edges of coin.

Clipper (n.) A machine for clipping hair, esp. the hair of horses.

Clipper (n.) A vessel with a sharp bow, built and rigged for fast sailing.

Clipping (n.) The act of embracing.

Clipping (n.) The act of cutting off, curtailing, or diminishing; the practice of clipping the edges of coins.

Clipping (n.) That which is clipped off or out of something; a piece separated by clipping; as, newspaper clippings.

Clique (v. i.) A narrow circle of persons associated by common interests or for the accomplishment of a common purpose; -- generally used in a bad sense.

Clique (v. i.) To To associate together in a clannish way; to act with others secretly to gain a desired end; to plot; -- used with together.

Cliquish (a.) Of or pertaining to a clique; disposed to from cliques; exclusive in spirit.

Cliquism (n.) The tendency to associate in cliques; the spirit of cliques.

Clitellus (n.) A thickened glandular portion of the body of the adult earthworm, consisting of several united segments modified for reproductive purposes.

Clitoris (n.) A small organ at the upper part of the vulva, homologous to the penis in the male.

Clivers (n.) See Cleavers.

Clivities (pl. ) of Clivity

Clivity (n.) Inclination; ascent or descent; a gradient.

Cloacae (pl. ) of Cloaca

Cloaca (n.) A sewer; as, the Cloaca Maxima of Rome.

Cloaca (n.) A privy.

Cloaca (n.) The common chamber into which the intestinal, urinary, and generative canals discharge in birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes.

Cloacal (a.) Of or pertaining to a cloaca.

Cloak (n.) A loose outer garment, extending from the neck downwards, and commonly without sleeves. It is longer than a cape, and is worn both by men and by women.

Cloak (n.) That which conceals; a disguise or pretext; an excuse; a fair pretense; a mask; a cover.

Cloaked (imp. & p. p.) of Cloak

Cloaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cloak

Cloak (v. t.) To cover with, or as with, a cloak; hence, to hide or conceal.

Cloakedly (adv.) In a concealed manner.

Cloaking (n.) The act of covering with a cloak; the act of concealing anything.

Cloaking (n.) The material of which of which cloaks are made.

Cloakroom (n.) A room, attached to any place of public resort, where cloaks, overcoats, etc., may be deposited for a time.

Clock (n.) A machine for measuring time, indicating the hour and other divisions by means of hands moving on a dial plate. Its works are moved by a weight or a spring, and it is often so constructed as to tell the hour by the stroke of a hammer on a bell. It is not adapted, like the watch, to be carried on the person.

Clock (n.) A watch, esp. one that strikes.

Clock (n.) The striking of a clock.

Clock (n.) A figure or figured work on the ankle or side of a stocking.

Clock (v. t.) To ornament with figured work, as the side of a stocking.

Clock (v. t. & i.) To call, as a hen. See Cluck.

Clock (n.) A large beetle, esp. the European dung beetle (Scarabaeus stercorarius).

Clocklike (a.) Like a clock or like clockwork; mechanical.

Clockwork (n.) The machinery of a clock, or machinery resembling that of a clock; machinery which produces regularity of movement.

Clod (n.) A lump or mass, especially of earth, turf, or clay.

Clod (n.) The ground; the earth; a spot of earth or turf.

Clod (n.) That which is earthy and of little relative value, as the body of man in comparison with the soul.

Clod (n.) A dull, gross, stupid fellow; a dolt

Clod (n.) A part of the shoulder of a beef creature, or of the neck piece near the shoulder. See Illust. of Beef.

Clod (v.i) To collect into clods, or into a thick mass; to coagulate; to clot; as, clodded gore. See Clot.

Clod (v. t.) To pelt with clods.

Clod (v. t.) To throw violently; to hurl.

Cloddish (a.) Resembling clods; gross; low; stupid; boorish.

Cloddy (a.) Consisting of clods; full of clods.

Clodhopper (n.) A rude, rustic fellow.

Clodhopping (a.) Boorish; rude.

Clodpate (n.) A blockhead; a dolt.

Clodpated (a.) Stupid; dull; doltish.

Clodpoll (n.) A stupid fellow; a dolt.

Cloff (n.) Formerly an allowance of two pounds in every three hundred weight after the tare and tret are subtracted; now used only in a general sense, of small deductions from the original weight.

Clog (v.) That which hinders or impedes motion; hence, an encumbrance, restraint, or impediment, of any kind.

Clog (v.) A weight, as a log or block of wood, attached to a man or an animal to hinder motion.

Clog (v.) A shoe, or sandal, intended to protect the feet from wet, or to increase the apparent stature, and having, therefore, a very thick sole. Cf. Chopine.

Clogged (imp. & p. p.) of Clog

Clogging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clog

Clog (v. t.) To encumber or load, especially with something that impedes motion; to hamper.

Clog (v. t.) To obstruct so as to hinder motion in or through; to choke up; as, to clog a tube or a channel.

Clog (v. t.) To burden; to trammel; to embarrass; to perplex.

Clog (v. i.) To become clogged; to become loaded or encumbered, as with extraneous matter.

Clog (v. i.) To coalesce or adhere; to unite in a mass.

Clogginess (n.) The state of being clogged.

Clogging (n.) Anything which clogs.

Cloggy (a.) Clogging, or having power to clog.

Cloisonne (a.) Inlaid between partitions: -- said of enamel when the lines which divide the different patches of fields are composed of a kind of metal wire secured to the ground; as distinguished from champleve enamel, in which the ground is engraved or scooped out to receive the enamel.

Cloister (v. t.) An inclosed place.

Cloister (v. t.) A covered passage or ambulatory on one side of a court;

Cloister (v. t.) the series of such passages on the different sides of any court, esp. that of a monastery or a college.

Cloister (v. t.) A monastic establishment; a place for retirement from the world for religious duties.

Cloistered (imp. & p. p.) of Cloister

Cloistering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cloister

Cloister (v. t.) To confine in, or as in, a cloister; to seclude from the world; to immure.

Cloisteral (a.) Cloistral.

Cloistered (a.) Dwelling in cloisters; solitary.

Cloistered (a.) Furnished with cloisters.

Cloisterer (n.) One belonging to, or living in, a cloister; a recluse.

Cloistral (a.) Of, pertaining to, or confined in, a cloister; recluse.

Cloistress (n.) A nun.

Cloke (n. & v.) See Cloak.

Clomb () Alt. of Clomben

Clomben () imp. & p. p. of Climb (for climbed).

Clomp (n.) See Clamp.

Clong () imp. of Cling.

Clonic (a.) Having an irregular, convulsive motion.

Cloom (v. t.) To close with glutinous matter.

Cloop (n.) The sound made when a cork is forcibly drawn from a bottle.

Closed (imp. & p. p.) of Close

Closing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Close

Close (n.) To stop, or fill up, as an opening; to shut; as, to close the eyes; to close a door.

Close (n.) To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, to close the ranks of an army; -- often used with up.

Close (n.) To bring to an end or period; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to end; to consummate; as, to close a bargain; to close a course of instruction.

Close (n.) To come or gather around; to inclose; to encompass; to confine.

Close (v. i.) To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated.

Close (v. i.) To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate closed at six o'clock.

Close (v. i.) To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight.

Close (n.) The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction.

Close (n.) Conclusion; cessation; ending; end.

Close (n.) A grapple in wrestling.

Close (n.) The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence.

Close (n.) A double bar marking the end.

Close (v. t.) An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; -- specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey.

Close (v. t.) A narrow passage leading from a street to a court, and the houses within.

Close (v. t.) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not inclosed.

Close (v. t.) Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box.

Close (v. t.) Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters.

Close (v. t.) Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.

Close (v. t.) Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close prisoner.

Close (v. t.) Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden.

Close (v. t.) Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent.

Close (v. t.) Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact; as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as applied to liquids.

Close (v. t.) Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning.

Close (v. t.) Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; -- often followed by to.

Close (v. t.) Short; as, to cut grass or hair close.

Close (v. t.) Intimate; familiar; confidential.

Close (v. t.) Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote.

Close (v. t.) Difficult to obtain; as, money is close.

Close (v. t.) Parsimonious; stingy.

Close (v. t.) Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact; strict; as, a close translation.

Close (v. t.) Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict; not wandering; as, a close observer.

Close (v. t.) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.

Close (adv.) In a close manner.

Close (adv.) Secretly; darkly.

Close-banded (a.) Closely united.

Close-barred (a.) Firmly barred or closed.

Close-bodied (a.) Fitting the body exactly; setting close, as a garment.

Close-fights (n. pl.) Barriers with loopholes, formerly erected on the deck of a vessel to shelter the men in a close engagement with an enemy's boarders; -- called also close quarters.

Closefisted (a.) Covetous; niggardly.

Closehanded (a.) Covetous; penurious; stingy; closefisted.

Closehauled (a.) Under way and moving as nearly as possible toward the direction from which the wind blows; -- said of a sailing vessel.

Closely (adv.) In a close manner.

Closely (adv.) Secretly; privately.

Closemouthed (a.) Cautious in speaking; secret; wary; uncommunicative.

Closen (v. t.) To make close.

Closeness (n.) The state of being close.

Closer (n.) One who, or that which, closes; specifically, a boot closer. See under Boot.

Closer (n.) A finisher; that which finishes or terminates.

Closer (n.) The last stone in a horizontal course, if of a less size than the others, or a piece of brick finishing a course.

Closereefed (a.) Having all the reefs taken in; -- said of a sail.

Close-stool (n.) A utensil to hold a chamber vessel, for the use of the sick and infirm. It is usually in the form of a box, with a seat and tight cover.

Closet (n.) A small room or apartment for retirement; a room for privacy.

Closet (n.) A small apartment, or recess in the side of a room, for household utensils, clothing, etc.

Closeting (imp. & p. pr. & vb. n.) of Closet

Closet (v. t.) To shut up in, or as in, a closet; to conceal.

Closet (v. t.) To make into a closet for a secret interview.

Close-tongued (a.) Closemouthed; silent.

Closh (n.) A disease in the feet of cattle; laminitis.

Closh (n.) The game of ninepins.

Closure (v. t.) The act of shutting; a closing; as, the closure of a chink.

Closure (v. t.) That which closes or shuts; that by which separate parts are fastened or closed.

Closure (v. t.) That which incloses or confines; an inclosure.

Closure (v. t.) A conclusion; an end.

Closure (v. t.) A method of putting an end to debate and securing an immediate vote upon a measure before a legislative body. It is similar in effect to the previous question. It was first introduced into the British House of Commons in 1882. The French word cloture was originally applied to this proceeding.

Clot (n.) A concretion or coagulation; esp. a soft, slimy, coagulated mass, as of blood; a coagulum.

Clotted (imp. & p. p.) of Clot

Clotting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clot

Clot (v. i.) To concrete, coagulate, or thicken, as soft or fluid matter by evaporation; to become a cot or clod.

Clot (v. t.) To form into a slimy mass.

Clotbur (n.) The burdock.

Clotbur (n.) Same as Cocklebur.

Clote (n.) The common burdock; the clotbur.

Cloths (pl. ) of Cloth

Clothes (pl. ) of Cloth

Cloth (n.) A fabric made of fibrous material (or sometimes of wire, as in wire cloth); commonly, a woven fabric of cotton, woolen, or linen, adapted to be made into garments; specifically, woolen fabrics, as distinguished from all others.

Cloth (n.) The dress; raiment. [Obs.] See Clothes.

Cloth (n.) The distinctive dress of any profession, especially of the clergy; hence, the clerical profession.

Clothed (imp. & p. p.) of Clothe

Clad () of Clothe

Clothing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clothe

Clothe (v. t.) To put garments on; to cover with clothing; to dress.

Clothe (v. t.) To provide with clothes; as, to feed and clothe a family; to clothe one's self extravagantly.

Clothe (v. t.) Fig.: To cover or invest, as with a garment; as, to clothe one with authority or power.

Clothe (v. i.) To wear clothes.

Clothes (n. pl.) Covering for the human body; dress; vestments; vesture; -- a general term for whatever covering is worn, or is made to be worn, for decency or comfort.

Clothes (n. pl.) The covering of a bed; bedclothes.

Clotheshorse (n.) A frame to hang clothes on.

Clothesline (n.) A rope or wire on which clothes are hung to dry.

Clothespin (n.) A forked piece of wood, or a small spring clamp, used for fastening clothes on a line.

Clothespress (n.) A receptacle for clothes.

Clothier (n.) One who makes cloths; one who dresses or fulls cloth.

Clothier (n.) One who sells cloth or clothes, or who makes and sells clothes.

Clothing (n.) Garments in general; clothes; dress; raiment; covering.

Clothing (n.) The art of process of making cloth.

Clothing (n.) A covering of non-conducting material on the outside of a boiler, or steam chamber, to prevent radiation of heat.

Clothing (n.) See Card clothing, under 3d Card.

Clothred (p. p.) Clottered.

Clotpoll (n.) See Clodpoll.

Clotted (a.) Composed of clots or clods; having the quality or form of a clot; sticky; slimy; foul.

Clotter (v. i.) To concrete into lumps; to clot.

Clotty (n.) Full of clots, or clods.

Cloture (n.) See Closure, 5.

Clotweed (n.) Cocklebur.

Cloud (n.) A collection of visible vapor, or watery particles, suspended in the upper atmosphere.

Cloud (n.) A mass or volume of smoke, or flying dust, resembling vapor.

Cloud (n.) A dark vein or spot on a lighter material, as in marble; hence, a blemish or defect; as, a cloud upon one's reputation; a cloud on a title.

Cloud (n.) That which has a dark, lowering, or threatening aspect; that which temporarily overshadows, obscures, or depresses; as, a cloud of sorrow; a cloud of war; a cloud upon the intellect.

Cloud (n.) A great crowd or multitude; a vast collection.

Cloud (n.) A large, loosely-knitted scarf, worn by women about the head.

Clouded (imp. & p. p.) of Cloud

Clouding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cloud

Cloud (v. t.) To overspread or hide with a cloud or clouds; as, the sky is clouded.

Cloud (v. t.) To darken or obscure, as if by hiding or enveloping with a cloud; hence, to render gloomy or sullen.

Cloud (v. t.) To blacken; to sully; to stain; to tarnish; to damage; -- esp. used of reputation or character.

Cloud (v. t.) To mark with, or darken in, veins or sports; to variegate with colors; as, to cloud yarn.

Cloud (v. i.) To grow cloudy; to become obscure with clouds; -- often used with up.

Cloudage (n.) Mass of clouds; cloudiness.

Cloudberry (n.) A species of raspberry (Rubus Chamaemerous) growing in the northern regions, and bearing edible, amber-colored fruit.

Cloud-built (a.) Built of, or in, the clouds; airy; unsubstantial; imaginary.

Cloud-burst (n.) A sudden copious rainfall, as the whole cloud had been precipitated at once.

Cloud-capped (a.) Having clouds resting on the top or head; reaching to the clouds; as, cloud-capped mountains.

Cloud-compeller (n.) Cloud-gatherer; -- an epithet applied to Zeus.

Cloudily (adv.) In a cloudy manner; darkly; obscurely.

Cloudiness (n.) The state of being cloudy.

Clouding (n.) A mottled appearance given to ribbons and silks in the process of dyeing.

Clouding (n.) A diversity of colors in yarn, recurring at regular intervals.

Cloudland (n.) Dreamland.

Cloudless (a.) Without a cloud; clear; bright.

Cloudlet (n.) A little cloud.

Cloudy (n.) Overcast or obscured with clouds; clouded; as, a cloudy sky.

Cloudy (n.) Consisting of a cloud or clouds.

Cloudy (n.) Indicating gloom, anxiety, sullenness, or ill-nature; not open or cheerful.

Cloudy (n.) Confused; indistinct; obscure; dark.

Cloudy (n.) Lacking clearness, brightness, or luster.

Cloudy (n.) Marked with veins or sports of dark or various hues, as marble.

Clough (n.) A cleft in a hill; a ravine; a narrow valley.

Clough (n.) A sluice used in returning water to a channel after depositing its sediment on the flooded land.

Clough (n.) An allowance in weighing. See Cloff.

Clout (n.) A cloth; a piece of cloth or leather; a patch; a rag.

Clout (n.) A swadding cloth.

Clout (n.) A piece; a fragment.

Clout (n.) The center of the butt at which archers shoot; -- probably once a piece of white cloth or a nail head.

Clout (n.) An iron plate on an axletree or other wood to keep it from wearing; a washer.

Clout (n.) A blow with the hand.

Clouted (imp. & p. p.) of Clout

Clouting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clout

Clout (n.) To cover with cloth, leather, or other material; to bandage; patch, or mend, with a clout.

Clout (n.) To join or patch clumsily.

Clout (n.) To quard with an iron plate, as an axletree.

Clout (n.) To give a blow to; to strike.

Clout (n.) To stud with nails, as a timber, or a boot sole.

Clouterly (n.) Clumsy; awkward.

Clove (imp.) Cleft.

Clove (v. t.) A cleft; a gap; a ravine; -- rarely used except as part of a proper name; as, Kaaterskill Clove; Stone Clove.

Clove (n.) A very pungent aromatic spice, the unexpanded flower bud of the clove tree (Eugenia, / Caryophullus, aromatica), a native of the Molucca Isles.

Clove (n.) One of the small bulbs developed in the axils of the scales of a large bulb, as in the case of garlic.

Clove (n.) A weight. A clove of cheese is about eight pounds, of wool, about seven pounds.

Cloven (p. p. & a.) from Cleave, v. t.

Cloven-footed (a.) Alt. of Cloven-hoofed

Cloven-hoofed (a.) Having the foot or hoof divided into two parts, as the ox.

Clover (n.) A plant of different species of the genus Trifolium; as the common red clover, T. pratense, the white, T. repens, and the hare's foot, T. arvense.

Clovered (a.) Covered with growing clover.

Clowe-gilofre (n.) Spice clove.

Clown (n.) A man of coarse nature and manners; an awkward fellow; an ill-bred person; a boor.

Clown (n.) One who works upon the soil; a rustic; a churl.

Clown (n.) The fool or buffoon in a play, circus, etc.

Clown (v. i.) To act as a clown; -- with it.

Clownage (n.) Behavior or manners of a clown; clownery.

Clownery (n.) Clownishness.

Clownish (a.) Of or resembling a clown, or characteristic of a clown; ungainly; awkward.

Clownishness (n.) The manners of a clown; coarseness or rudeness of behavior.

Cloyed (imp. & p. p.) of Cloy

Cloying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cloy

Cloy (v. t.) To fill or choke up; to stop up; to clog.

Cloy (v. t.) To glut, or satisfy, as the appetite; to satiate; to fill to loathing; to surfeit.

Cloy (v. t.) To penetrate or pierce; to wound.

Cloy (v. t.) To spike, as a cannon.

Cloy (v. t.) To stroke with a claw.

Cloyless (a.) That does not cloy.

Cloyment (n.) Satiety.

Club (n.) A heavy staff of wood, usually tapering, and wielded the hand; a weapon; a cudgel.

Club (n.) Any card of the suit of cards having a figure like the trefoil or clover leaf. (pl.) The suit of cards having such figure.

Club (n.) An association of persons for the promotion of some common object, as literature, science, politics, good fellowship, etc.; esp. an association supported by equal assessments or contributions of the members.

Club (n.) A joint charge of expense, or any person's share of it; a contribution to a common fund.

Clubbed (imp. & p. p.) of Club

Clubbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Club

Club (v. t.) To beat with a club.

Club (v. t.) To throw, or allow to fall, into confusion.

Club (v. t.) To unite, or contribute, for the accomplishment of a common end; as, to club exertions.

Club (v. t.) To raise, or defray, by a proportional assesment; as, to club the expense.

Club (v. i.) To form a club; to combine for the promotion of some common object; to unite.

Club (v. i.) To pay on equal or proportionate share of a common charge or expense; to pay for something by contribution.

Club (v. i.) To drift in a current with an anchor out.

Clubbable (a.) Suitable for membership in a club; sociable.

Clubbed (a.) Shaped like a club; grasped like, or used as, a club.

Clubber (n.) One who clubs.

Clubber (n.) A member of a club.

Clubbish (a.) Rude; clownish.

Clubbish (a.) Disposed to club together; as, a clubbish set.

Clubbist (n.) A member of a club; a frequenter of clubs.

Clubfist (n.) A large, heavy fist.

Clubfist (n.) A coarse, brutal fellow.

Clubfisted (a.) Having a large fist.

Clubfoot (n.) A short, variously distorted foot; also, the deformity, usually congenital, which such a foot exhibits; talipes.

Clubfooted (a.) Having a clubfoot.

Clubhand (n.) A short, distorted hand; also, the deformity of having such a hand.

Clubhaul (v. t.) To put on the other tack by dropping the lee anchor as soon as the wind is out of the sails (which brings the vessel's head to the wind), and by cutting the cable as soon as she pays off on the other tack. Clubhauling is attempted only in an exigency.

Clubhouse (n.) A house occupied by a club.

Clubroom (n.) The apartment in which a club meets.

Club-rush (n.) A rushlike plant, the reed mace or cat-tail, or some species of the genus Scirpus. See Bulrush.

Club-shaped (a.) Enlarged gradually at the end, as the antennae of certain insects.

Clucked (imp. & p. p.) of Cluck

Clucking (p pr. & vb. n.) of Cluck

Cluck (v. i.) To make the noise, or utter the call, of a brooding hen.

Cluck (v. t.) To call together, or call to follow, as a hen does her chickens.

Cluck (n.) The call of a hen to her chickens.

Cluck (n.) A click. See 3d Click, 2.

Clucking (n.) The noise or call of a brooding hen.

Clue (n.) A ball of thread; a thread or other means of guidance. Same as Clew.

Clum (interj.) Silence; hush.

Clumber (n.) A kind of field spaniel, with short legs and stout body, which, unlike other spaniels, hunts silently.

Clump (n.) An unshaped piece or mass of wood or other substance.

Clump (n.) A cluster; a group; a thicket.

Clump (n.) The compressed clay of coal strata.

Clump (v. t.) To arrange in a clump or clumps; to cluster; to group.

Clump (v. i.) To tread clumsily; to clamp.

Clumper (n.) To form into clumps or masses.

Clumps (n.) A game in which questions are asked for the purpose of enabling the questioners to discover a word or thing previously selected by two persons who answer the questions; -- so called because the players take sides in two "clumps" or groups, the "clump" which guesses the word winning the game.

Clumpy (n.) Composed of clumps; massive; shapeless.

Clumsily (adv.) In a clumsy manner; awkwardly; as, to walk clumsily.

Clumsiness (n.) The quality of being clumsy.

Clumsy (superl.) Stiff or benumbed, as with cold.

Clumsy (superl.) Without skill or grace; wanting dexterity, nimbleness, or readiness; stiff; awkward, as if benumbed; unwieldy; unhandy; hence; ill-made, misshapen, or inappropriate; as, a clumsy person; a clumsy workman; clumsy fingers; a clumsy gesture; a clumsy excuse.

Clunch (n.) Indurated clay. See Bind, n., 3.

Clunch (n.) One of the hard beds of the lower chalk.

Clung () imp. & p. p. of Cling.

Clung (v. i.) Wasted away; shrunken.

Cluniac (n.) A monk of the reformed branch of the Benedictine Order, founded in 912 at Cluny (or Clugny) in France. -- Also used as a.

Cluniacensian (a.) Cluniac.

Clupeoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Herring family.

Cluster (n.) A number of things of the same kind growing together; a bunch.

Cluster (n.) A number of similar things collected together or lying contiguous; a group; as, a cluster of islands.

Cluster (n.) A number of individuals grouped together or collected in one place; a crowd; a mob.

Clustered (imp. & p. p.) of Cluster

Clustering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cluster

Cluster (v. i.) To grow in clusters or assemble in groups; to gather or unite in a cluster or clusters.

Cluster (v. t.) To collect into a cluster or clusters; to gather into a bunch or close body.

Clusteringly (adv.) In clusters.

Clustery (n.) Growing in, or full of, clusters; like clusters.

Clutch (n.) A gripe or clinching with, or as with, the fingers or claws; seizure; grasp.

Clutch (n.) The hands, claws, or talons, in the act of grasping firmly; -- often figuratively, for power, rapacity, or cruelty; as, to fall into the clutches of an adversary.

Clutch (n.) A device which is used for coupling shafting, etc., so as to transmit motion, and which may be disengaged at pleasure.

Clutch (n.) Any device for gripping an object, as at the end of a chain or tackle.

Clutch (n.) The nest complement of eggs of a bird.

Clutched (imp. & p. p.) of Clutch

Clutching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clutch

Clutch (n.) To seize, clasp, or gripe with the hand, hands, or claws; -- often figuratively; as, to clutch power.

Clutch (n.) To close tightly; to clinch.

Clutch (v. i.) To reach (at something) as if to grasp; to catch or snatch; -- often followed by at.

Clutter (n.) A confused collection; hence, confusion; disorder; as, the room is in a clutter.

Clutter (n.) Clatter; confused noise.

Cluttered (imp. & p. p.) of Clutter

Cluttering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Clutter

Clutter (v. t.) To crowd together in disorder; to fill or cover with things in disorder; to throw into disorder; to disarrange; as, to clutter a room.

Clutter (v. i.) To make a confused noise; to bustle.

Clutter (n.) To clot or coagulate, as blood.

Clypeastroid (a.) Like or related to the genus Clupeaster; -- applied to a group of flattened sea urchins, with a rosette of pores on the upper side.

Clypeate (a.) Shaped like a round buckler or shield; scutate.

Clypeate (a.) Furnished with a shield, or a protective plate or shell.

Clypeiform (a.) Shield-shaped; clypeate.

Clypei (pl. ) of Clypeus

Clypeus (n.) The frontal plate of the head of an insect.

Clysmian (a.) Connected with, or related to, the deluge, or to a cataclysm; as, clysmian changes.

Clysmic (a.) Washing; cleansing.

Clyster (n.) A liquid injected into the lower intestines by means of a syringe; an injection; an enema.

Cnemial (a.) Pertaining to the shin bone.

Cnidae (pl. ) of Cnida

Cnida (n.) One of the peculiar stinging, cells found in Coelenterata; a nematocyst; a lasso cell.

Cnidaria (n. pl.) A comprehensive group equivalent to the true Coelenterata, i. e., exclusive of the sponges. They are so named from presence of stinging cells (cnidae) in the tissues. See Coelenterata.

Cnidoblast (n.) One of the cells which, in the Coelenterata, develop into cnidae.

Cnidocil (n.) The fine filiform process of a cnidoblast.

Co- () A form of the prefix com-, signifying with, together, in conjunction, joint. It is used before vowels and some consonants. See Com-.

Coacervate (a.) Raised into a pile; collected into a crowd; heaped.

Coacervate (v. t.) To heap up; to pile.

Coacervation (n.) A heaping together.

Coach (n.) A large, closed, four-wheeled carriage, having doors in the sides, and generally a front and back seat inside, each for two persons, and an elevated outside seat in front for the driver.

Coach (n.) A special tutor who assists in preparing a student for examination; a trainer; esp. one who trains a boat's crew for a race.

Coach (n.) A cabin on the after part of the quarter-deck, usually occupied by the captain.

Coach (n.) A first-class passenger car, as distinguished from a drawing-room car, sleeping car, etc. It is sometimes loosely applied to any passenger car.

Coached (imp. & p. p.) of Coach

Coaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coach

Coach (v. t.) To convey in a coach.

Coach (v. t.) To prepare for public examination by private instruction; to train by special instruction.

Coach (v. i.) To drive or to ride in a coach; -- sometimes used with

Coachbox () The seat of a coachman.

Coachdog () One of a breed of dogs trained to accompany carriages; the Dalmatian dog.

Coachee (n.) A coachman

Coachfellow (n.) One of a pair of horses employed to draw a coach; hence (Fig.), a comrade.

Coachmen (pl. ) of Coachman

Coachman (n.) A man whose business is to drive a coach or carriage.

Coachman (n.) A tropical fish of the Atlantic ocean (Dutes auriga); -- called also charioteer. The name refers to a long, lashlike spine of the dorsal fin.

Coachmanship (n.) Skill in driving a coach.

Coachwhip snake () A large, slender, harmless snake of the southern United States (Masticophis flagelliformis).

Coact (v. t.) To force; to compel; to drive.

Coact (v. i.) To act together; to work in concert; to unite.

Coaction (n.) Force; compulsion, either in restraining or impelling.

Coactive (a.) Serving to compel or constrain; compulsory; restrictive.

Coactive (a.) Acting in concurrence; united in action.

Coactively (adv.) In a coactive manner.

Coactivity (n.) Unity of action.

Coadaptation (n.) Mutual adaption.

Coadapted (a.) Adapted one to another; as, coadapted pulp and tooth.

Coadjument (n.) Mutual help; cooperation.

Coadjust (v. t.) To adjust by mutual adaptations.

Coadjustment (n.) Mutual adjustment.

Coadjutant (a.) Mutually assisting or operating; helping.

Coadjutant (n.) An assistant.

Coadjuting (a.) Mutually assisting.

Coadjutive (a.) Rendering mutual aid; coadjutant.

Coadjutor (n.) One who aids another; an assistant; a coworker.

Coadjutor (n.) The assistant of a bishop or of a priest holding a benefice.

Coadjutorship (n.) The state or office of a coadjutor; joint assistance.

Coadjutress (n.) Alt. of Coadjutrix

Coadjutrix (n.) A female coadjutor or assistant.

Coadjuvancy (n.) Joint help; cooperation.

Coadjuvant (a.) Cooperating.

Coadjuvant (n.) An adjuvant.

Coadunate (a.) United at the base, as contiguous lobes of a leaf.

Coadunation (n.) Union, as in one body or mass; unity.

Coadunition (n.) Coadunation.

Coadventure (n.) An adventure in which two or more persons are partakers.

Coadventure (v. i.) To share in a venture.

Coadventurer (n.) A fellow adventurer.

Coafforest (v. t.) To convert into, or add to, a forest.

Coag (n.) See Coak, a kind of tenon.

Coagency (n.) Agency in common; joint agency or agent.

Coagent (n.) An associate in an act; a coworker.

Coagment (v. t.) To join together.

Coagmentation (n.) The act of joining, or the state of being joined, together; union.

Coagulability (n.) The quality of being coagulable; capacity of being coagulated.

Coagulable (a.) Capable of being coagulated.

Coagulant (n.) That which produces coagulation.

Coagulate (a.) Coagulated.

Coagulated (imp. & p. p.) of Coagulate

Coagulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coagulate

Coagulate (v. t.) To cause (a liquid) to change into a curdlike or semisolid state, not by evaporation but by some kind of chemical reaction; to curdle; as, rennet coagulates milk; heat coagulates the white of an egg.

Coagulate (v. i.) To undergo coagulation.

Coagulated (a.) Changed into, or contained in, a coagulum or a curdlike mass; curdled.

Coagulation (n.) The change from a liquid to a thickened, curdlike, insoluble state, not by evaporation, but by some kind of chemical reaction; as, the spontaneous coagulation of freshly drawn blood; the coagulation of milk by rennet, or acid, and the coagulation of egg albumin by heat. Coagulation is generally the change of an albuminous body into an insoluble modification.

Coagulation (n.) The substance or body formed by coagulation.

Coagulative (a.) Having the power to cause coagulation; as, a coagulative agent.

Coagulator (n.) That which causes coagulation.

Coagulatory (a.) Serving to coagulate; produced by coagulation; as, coagulatory effects.

Coagula (pl. ) of Coagulum

Coagulum (a.) The thick, curdy precipitate formed by the coagulation of albuminous matter; any mass of coagulated matter, as a clot of blood.

Coaita (n.) The native name of certain South American monkeys of the genus Ateles, esp. A. paniscus. The black-faced coaita is Ateles ater. See Illustration in Appendix.

Coak (n.) See Coke, n.

Coak (n.) A kind of tenon connecting the face of a scarfed timber with the face of another timber, or a dowel or pin of hard wood or iron uniting timbers.

Coak (n.) A metallic bushing or strengthening piece in the center of a wooden block sheave.

Coak (v. t.) To unite, as timbers, by means of tenons or dowels in the edges or faces.

Coal (n.) A thoroughly charred, and extinguished or still ignited, fragment from wood or other combustible substance; charcoal.

Coal (n.) A black, or brownish black, solid, combustible substance, dug from beds or veins in the earth to be used for fuel, and consisting, like charcoal, mainly of carbon, but more compact, and often affording, when heated, a large amount of volatile matter.

Coaled (imp. & p. p.) of Coal

Coaling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coal

Coal (v. t.) To burn to charcoal; to char.

Coal (v. t.) To mark or delineate with charcoal.

Coal (v. t.) To supply with coal; as, to coal a steamer.

Coal (v. i.) To take in coal; as, the steamer coaled at Southampton.

Coal-black (a.) As black as coal; jet black; very black.

Coalery (n.) See Colliery.

Coalesced (imp. & p. p.) of Coalesce

Coalescing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coalesce

Coalesce (n.) To grow together; to unite by growth into one body; as, the parts separated by a wound coalesce.

Coalesce (n.) To unite in one body or product; to combine into one body or community; as, vapors coalesce.

Coalescence (n.) The act or state of growing together, as similar parts; the act of uniting by natural affinity or attraction; the state of being united; union; concretion.

Coalescent (a.) Growing together; cohering, as in the organic cohesion of similar parts; uniting.

Coalfish (n.) The pollock; -- called also, coalsey, colemie, colmey, coal whiting, etc. See Pollock.

Coalfish (n.) The beshow or candlefish of Alaska.

Coalfish (n.) The cobia.

Coalgoose (n.) The cormorant; -- so called from its black color.

Coalite (v. i.) To unite or coalesce.

Coalite (v. t.) To cause to unite or coalesce.

Coalition (n.) The act of coalescing; union into a body or mass, as of separate bodies or parts; as, a coalition of atoms.

Coalition (n.) A combination, for temporary purposes, of persons, parties, or states, having different interests.

Coalitioner (n.) A coalitionist.

Coalitionist (n.) One who joins or promotes a coalition; one who advocates coalition.

Co-allies (pl. ) of Co-ally

Co-ally (n.) A joint ally.

Coal-meter (n.) A licensed or official coal measurer in London. See Meter.

Coalmouse (n.) A small species of titmouse, with a black head; the coletit.

Coalpit (n.) A pit where coal is dug.

Coalpit (n.) A place where charcoal is made.

Coal tar () A thick, black, tarry liquid, obtained by the distillation of bituminous coal in the manufacture of illuminating gas; used for making printer's ink, black varnish, etc. It is a complex mixture from which many substances have been obtained, especially hydrocarbons of the benzene or aromatic series.

Coal-whipper (n.) One who raises coal out of the hold of a ship.

Coal works () A place where coal is dug, including the machinery for raising the coal.

Coaly (n.) Pertaining to, or resembling, coal; containing coal; of the nature of coal.

Coamings (n. pl.) Raised pieces of wood of iron around a hatchway, skylight, or other opening in the deck, to prevent water from running bellow; esp. the fore-and-aft pieces of a hatchway frame as distinguished from the transverse head ledges.

Coannex (v. t.) To annex with something else.

Coaptation (n.) The adaptation or adjustment of parts to each other, as of a broken bone or dislocated joint.

Coarct (a.) Alt. of Coarctate

Coarctate (a.) To press together; to crowd; to straiten; to confine closely.

Coarctate (a.) To restrain; to confine.

Coarctate (a.) Pressed together; closely connected; -- applied to insects having the abdomen separated from the thorax only by a constriction.

Coarctation (n.) Confinement to a narrow space.

Coarctation (n.) Pressure; that which presses.

Coarctation (n.) A stricture or narrowing, as of a canal, cavity, or orifice.

Coarse (superl.) Large in bulk, or composed of large parts or particles; of inferior quality or appearance; not fine in material or close in texture; gross; thick; rough; -- opposed to fine; as, coarse sand; coarse thread; coarse cloth; coarse bread.

Coarse (superl.) Not refined; rough; rude; unpolished; gross; indelicate; as, coarse manners; coarse language.

Coarse-grained (a.) Having a coarse grain or texture, as wood; hence, wanting in refinement.

Coarsely (adv.) In a coarse manner; roughly; rudely; inelegantly; uncivilly; meanly.

Coarsen (v. t.) To make coarse or vulgar; as, to coarsen one's character.

Coarseness (n.) The quality or state of being coarse; roughness; inelegance; vulgarity; grossness; as, coarseness of food, texture, manners, or language.

Coarticulation (n.) The union or articulation of bones to form a joint.

Co-assessor (n.) A joint assessor.

Coast (v. t.) The side of a thing.

Coast (v. t.) The exterior line, limit, or border of a country; frontier border.

Coast (v. t.) The seashore, or land near it.

Coasted (imp. & p. p.) of Coast

Coasting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coast

Coast (n.) To draw or keep near; to approach.

Coast (n.) To sail by or near the shore.

Coast (n.) To sail from port to port in the same country.

Coast (n.) To slide down hill; to slide on a sled, upon snow or ice.

Coast (v. t.) To draw near to; to approach; to keep near, or by the side of.

Coast (v. t.) To sail by or near; to follow the coast line of.

Coast (v. t.) To conduct along a coast or river bank.

Coastal (a.) Of or pertaining to a coast.

Coaster (n.) A vessel employed in sailing along a coast, or engaged in the coasting trade.

Coaster (n.) One who sails near the shore.

Coasting (a.) Sailing along or near a coast, or running between ports along a coast.

Coasting (n.) A sailing along a coast, or from port to port; a carrying on a coasting trade.

Coasting (n.) Sliding down hill; sliding on a sled upon snow or ice.

Coastwise (adv.) Alt. of Coastways

Coastways (adv.) By way of, or along, the coast.

Coat (n.) An outer garment fitting the upper part of the body; especially, such a garment worn by men.

Coat (n.) A petticoat.

Coat (n.) The habit or vesture of an order of men, indicating the order or office; cloth.

Coat (n.) An external covering like a garment, as fur, skin, wool, husk, or bark; as, the horses coats were sleek.

Coat (n.) A layer of any substance covering another; a cover; a tegument; as, the coats of the eye; the coats of an onion; a coat of tar or varnish.

Coat (n.) Same as Coat of arms. See below.

Coat (n.) A coat card. See below.

Coated (imp. & p. p.) of Coat

Coating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coat

Coat (v. t.) To cover with a coat or outer garment.

Coat (v. t.) To cover with a layer of any substance; as, to coat a jar with tin foil; to coat a ceiling.

Coatee (n.) A coat with short flaps.

Coati (n.) A mammal of tropical America of the genus Nasua, allied to the raccoon, but with a longer body, tail, and nose.

Coating (n.) A coat or covering; a layer of any substance, as a cover or protection; as, the coating of a retort or vial.

Coating (n.) Cloth for coats; as, an assortment of coatings.

Coatless (a.) Not wearing a coat; also, not possessing a coat.

Coaxed (imp. & p. p.) of Coax

Coaxing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coax

Coax (v. t.) To persuade by gentle, insinuating courtesy, flattering, or fondling; to wheedle; to soothe.

Coax (n.) A simpleton; a dupe.

Coaxation (n.) The act of croaking.

Coaxer (n.) One who coaxes.

Coaxingly (adv.) In a coaxing manner; by coaxing.

Cob (n.) The top or head of anything.

Cob (n.) A leader or chief; a conspicuous person, esp. a rich covetous person.

Cob (n.) The axis on which the kernels of maize or indian corn grow.

Cob (n.) A spider; perhaps from its shape; it being round like a head.

Cob (n.) A young herring.

Cob (n.) A fish; -- also called miller's thumb.

Cob (n.) A short-legged and stout horse, esp. one used for the saddle.

Cob (n.) A sea mew or gull; esp., the black-backed gull (Larus marinus).

Cob (n.) A lump or piece of anything, usually of a somewhat large size, as of coal, or stone.

Cob (n.) A cobnut; as, Kentish cobs. See Cobnut.

Cob (n.) Clay mixed with straw.

Cob (n.) A punishment consisting of blows inflicted on the buttocks with a strap or a flat piece of wood.

Cob (n.) A Spanish coin formerly current in Ireland, worth abiut 4s. 6d.

Cobbed (imp. & p. p.) of Cob

Cobbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cob

Cob (v. t.) To strike

Cob (v. t.) To break into small pieces, as ore, so as to sort out its better portions.

Cob (v. t.) To punish by striking on the buttocks with a strap, a flat piece of wood, or the like.

Cobaea (n.) A genus of climbing plants, native of Mexico and South America. C. scandens is a conservatory climber with large bell-shaped flowers.

Cobalt (n.) A tough, lustrous, reddish white metal of the iron group, not easily fusible, and somewhat magnetic. Atomic weight 59.1. Symbol Co.

Cobalt (n.) A commercial name of a crude arsenic used as fly poison.

Cobaltic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cobalt; -- said especially of those compounds in which cobalt has higher valence; as, cobaltic oxide.

Cobaltiferous (a.) Containing cobalt.

Cobaltine (n.) Alt. of Cobaltite

Cobaltite (n.) A mineral of a nearly silver-white color, composed of arsenic, sulphur, and cobalt.

Cobaltous (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, cobalt; -- said esp. of cobalt compounds in which the metal has its lower valence.

Cobbing (a.) Haughty; purse-proud. See Cob, n., 2.

Cobble (n.) A fishing boat. See Coble.

Cobble (n.) A cobblestone.

Cobble (n.) Cob coal. See under Cob.

Cobbled (imp. & p. p.) of Cobble

Cobbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cobble

Cobble (v. t.) To make or mend coarsely; to patch; to botch; as, to cobble shoes.

Cobble (v. t.) To make clumsily.

Cobble (v. t.) To pave with cobblestones.

Cobbler (n.) A mender of shoes.

Cobbler (n.) A clumsy workman.

Cobbler (n.) A beverage. See Sherry cobbler, under Sherry.

Cobblestone (n.) A large pebble; a rounded stone not too large to be handled; a small boulder; -- used for paving streets and for other purposes.

Cobby (n.) Headstrong; obstinate.

Cobby (n.) Stout; hearty; lively.

Cobelligerent (a.) Carrying on war in conjunction with another power.

Cobelligerent (n.) A nation or state that carries on war in connection with another.

Cobia (n.) An oceanic fish of large size (Elacate canada); the crabeater; -- called also bonito, cubbyyew, coalfish, and sergeant fish.

Cobiron (n.) An andiron with a knob at the top.

Cobishop (n.) A joint or coadjutant bishop.

Coble (n.) A flat-floored fishing boat with a lug sail, and a drop rudder extending from two to four feet below the keel. It was originally used on the stormy coast of Yorkshire, England.

Cobnut (n.) A large roundish variety of the cultivated hazelnut.

Cobnut (n.) A game played by children with nuts.

Coboose (n.) See Caboose.

Cobourg (n.) A thin worsted fabric for women's dresses.

Cobra (n.) See Copra.

Cobra (n.) The cobra de capello.

Cobra de capello () The hooded snake (Naia tripudians), a highly venomous serpent inhabiting India.Naja --

Cobstone (n.) Cobblestone.

Cobswan (n.) A large swan.

Cobwall (n.) A wall made of clay mixed with straw.

Cobweb (n.) The network spread by a spider to catch its prey.

Cobweb (n.) A snare of insidious meshes designed to catch the ignorant and unwary.

Cobweb (n.) That which is thin and unsubstantial, or flimsy and worthless; rubbish.

Cobweb (n.) The European spotted flycatcher.

Cobwebbed (a.) Abounding in cobwebs.

Cobwebby (a.) Abounding in cobwebs, or any fine web; resembling a cobweb.

Cobwork (a.) Built of logs, etc., laid horizontally, with the ends dovetailed together at the corners, as in a log house; in marine work, often surrounding a central space filled with stones; as, a cobwork dock or breakwater.

Coca (n.) The dried leaf of a South American shrub (Erythroxylon Coca). In med., called Erythroxylon.

Cocagne (n.) An imaginary country of idleness and luxury.

Cocagne (n.) The land of cockneys; cockneydom; -- a term applied to London and its suburbs.

Cocaine (n.) A powerful alkaloid, C17H21NO4, obtained from the leaves of coca. It is a bitter, white, crystalline substance, and is remarkable for producing local insensibility to pain.

Cocciferous (a.) Bearing or producing berries; bacciferous; as, cocciferous trees or plants.

Coccinella (n.) A genus of small beetles of many species. They and their larvae feed on aphids or plant lice, and hence are of great benefit to man. Also called ladybirds and ladybugs.

Coccobacteria (pl. ) of Coccobacterium

Coccobacterium (n.) One of the round variety of bacteria, a vegetable organism, generally less than a thousandth of a millimeter in diameter.

Coccolite (n.) A granular variety of pyroxene, green or white in color.

Coccolith (n.) One of a kind of minute, calcareous bodies, probably vegetable, often abundant in deep-sea mud.

Coccosphere (n.) A small, rounded, marine organism, capable of braking up into coccoliths.

Coccosteus (n.) An extinct genus of Devonian ganoid fishes, having the broad plates about the head studded with berrylike tubercles.

Cocculus Indicus (n.) The fruit or berry of the Anamirta Cocculus, a climbing plant of the East Indies. It is a poisonous narcotic and stimulant.

Cocci (pl. ) of Coccus

Coccus (n.) One of the separable carpels of a dry fruit.

Coccus (n.) A genus of hemipterous insects, including scale insects, and the cochineal insect (Coccus cacti).

Coccus (n.) A form of bacteria, shaped like a globule.

Coccygeal (a.) Of or pertaining to the coccyx; as, the coccygeal vertebrae.

Coccygeous (a.) Coccygeal.

Coccyges (pl. ) of Coccyx

Coccyx (n.) The end of the vertebral column beyond the sacrum in man and tailless monkeys. It is composed of several vertebrae more or less consolidated.

Cochineal () A dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of females of the Coccus cacti, an insect native in Mexico, Central America, etc., and found on several species of cactus, esp. Opuntia cochinellifera.

Cochineal fig () A plant of Central and Southern America, of the Cactus family, extensively cultivated for the sake of the cochineal insect, which lives on it.

Cochin fowl () A large variety of the domestic fowl, originally from Cochin China (Anam).

Cochlea (n.) An appendage of the labyrinth of the internal ear, which is elongated and coiled into a spiral in mammals. See Ear.

Cochlear (a.) Of or pertaining to the cochlea.

Cochleare (n.) A spoon.

Cochleare (n.) A spoonful.

Cocleariform (a.) Spoon-shaped.

Cochleary (a.) Same as Cochleate.

Cochleate (a.) Alt. of Cochleated

Cochleated (a.) Having the form of a snail shell; spiral; turbinated.

Cock (n.) The male of birds, particularly of gallinaceous or domestic fowls.

Cock (n.) A vane in the shape of a cock; a weathercock.

Cock (n.) A chief man; a leader or master.

Cock (n.) The crow of a cock, esp. the first crow in the morning; cockcrow.

Cock (n.) A faucet or valve.

Cock (n.) The style of gnomon of a dial.

Cock (n.) The indicator of a balance.

Cock (n.) The bridge piece which affords a bearing for the pivot of a balance in a clock or watch.

Cocked (imp. & p. p.) of Cock

Cocking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cock

Cock (v. t.) To set erect; to turn up.

Cock (v. t.) To shape, as a hat, by turning up the brim.

Cock (v. t.) To set on one side in a pert or jaunty manner.

Cock (v. t.) To turn (the eye) obliquely and partially close its lid, as an expression of derision or insinuation.

Cock (v. i.) To strut; to swagger; to look big, pert, or menacing.

Cock (n.) The act of cocking; also, the turn so given; as, a cock of the eyes; to give a hat a saucy cock.

Cock (n.) The notch of an arrow or crossbow.

Cock (n.) The hammer in the lock of a firearm.

Cock (v. t.) To draw the hammer of (a firearm) fully back and set it for firing.

Cock (v. i.) To draw back the hammer of a firearm, and set it for firing.

Cock (n.) A small concial pile of hay.

Cock (v. t.) To put into cocks or heaps, as hay.

Cock (n.) A small boat.

Cock (n.) A corruption or disguise of the word God, used in oaths.

Cockade (n.) A badge, usually in the form of a rosette, or knot, and generally worn upon the hat; -- used as an indication of military or naval service, or party allegiance, and in England as a part of the livery to indicate that the wearer is the servant of a military or naval officer.

Cockaded (a.) Wearing a cockade.

Cock-a-hoop (a.) Boastful; defiant; exulting. Also used adverbially.

Cockal (n.) A game played with sheep's bones instead of dice

Cockal (n.) The bone used in playing the game; -- called also huckle bone.

Cockaleekie (n.) A favorite soup in Scotland, made from a capon highly seasoned, and boiled with leeks and prunes.

Cockamaroo (n.) The Russian variety of bagatelle.

Cockateel (n.) An Australian parrot (Calopsitta Novae-Hollandiae); -- so called from its note.

Cockatoo (n.) A bird of the Parrot family, of the subfamily Cacatuinae, having a short, strong, and much curved beak, and the head ornamented with a crest, which can be raised or depressed at will. There are several genera and many species; as the broad-crested (Plictolophus, / Cacatua, cristatus), the sulphur-crested (P. galeritus), etc. The palm or great black cockatoo of Australia is Microglossus aterrimus.

Cockatrice (n.) A fabulous serpent whose breath and look were said to be fatal. See Basilisk.

Cockatrice (n.) A representation of this serpent. It has the head, wings, and legs of a bird, and tail of a serpent.

Cockatrice (n.) A venomous serpent which which cannot now be identified.

Cockatrice (n.) Any venomous or deadly thing.

Cockbill (v. t.) To tilt up one end of so as to make almost vertical; as, to cockbill the yards as a sign of mourning.

Cockboat (n.) A small boat, esp. one used on rivers or near the shore.

Cock-brained (a.) Giddy; rash.

Cockchafer (n.) A beetle of the genus Melolontha (esp. M. vulgaris) and allied genera; -- called also May bug, chafer, or dorbeetle.

Cockcrow (n.) Alt. of Cockcrowing

Cockcrowing (n.) The time at which cocks first crow; the early morning.

Cockered (imp. & p. p.) of Cocker

Cockering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cocker

Cocker (v. t.) To treat with too great tenderness; to fondle; to indulge; to pamper.

Cocker (n.) One given to cockfighting.

Cocker (n.) A small dog of the spaniel kind, used for starting up woodcocks, etc.

Cocker (n.) A rustic high shoe or half-boots.

Cockerel (n.) A young cock.

Cocket (n.) Pert; saucy.

Cocket (n.) A customhouse seal; a certified document given to a shipper as a warrant that his goods have been duly entered and have paid duty.

Cocket (n.) An office in a customhouse where goods intended for export are entered.

Cocket (n.) A measure for bread.

Cockeye (n.) A squinting eye.

Cockeye (n.) The socket in the ball of a millstone, which sits on the cockhead.

Cockfight (n.) A match or contest of gamecocks.

Cockfighting (n.) The act or practice of pitting gamecocks to fight.

Cockfighting (a.) Addicted to cockfighting.

Cockhead (n.) The rounded or pointed top of a grinding mill spindle, forming a pivot on which the stone is balanced.

Cockhorse (n.) A child's rocking-horse.

Cockhorse (n.) A high or tall horse.

Cockhorse (a.) Lifted up, as one is on a tall horse.

Cockhorse (a.) Lofty in feeling; exultant; proud; upstart.

Cockieleekie (n.) Same as Cockaleekie.

Cocking (n.) Cockfighting.

Cockle (n.) A bivalve mollusk, with radiating ribs, of the genus Cardium, especially C. edule, used in Europe for food; -- sometimes applied to similar shells of other genera.

Cockle (n.) A cockleshell.

Cockle (n.) The mineral black tourmaline or schorl; -- so called by the Cornish miners.

Cockle (n.) The fire chamber of a furnace.

Cockle (n.) A hop-drying kiln; an oast.

Cockle (n.) The dome of a heating furnace.

Cockled (imp. & p. p.) of Cockle

Cockling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cockle

Cockle (v. t.) To cause to contract into wrinkles or ridges, as some kinds of cloth after a wetting.

Cockle (n.) A plant or weed that grows among grain; the corn rose (Luchnis Githage).

Cockle (n.) The Lotium, or darnel.

Cocklebur (n.) A coarse, composite weed, having a rough or prickly fruit; one of several species of the genus Xanthium; -- called also clotbur.

Cockled (a.) Inclosed in a shell.

Cockled (a.) Wrinkled; puckered.

Cockler (n.) One who takes and sells cockles.

Cockleshell (n.) One of the shells or valves of a cockle.

Cockleshell (n.) A light boat.

Cockloft (n.) An upper loft; a garret; the highest room in a building.

Cockmaster (n.) One who breeds gamecocks.

Cockmatch (n.) A cockfight.

Cockneys (pl. ) of Cockney

Cockney (n.) An effeminate person; a spoilt child.

Cockney (n.) A native or resident of the city of London; -- used contemptuously.

Cockney (a.) Of or relating to, or like, cockneys.

Cockneydom (n.) The region or home of cockneys; cockneys, collectively.

Cockneyfy (v. t.) To form with the manners or character of a cockney.

Cockneyish (a.) Characteristic of, or resembling, cockneys.

Cockneyism (n.) The characteristics, manners, or dialect, of a cockney.

Cock-padle (n.) See Lumpfish.

Cockpit (n.) A pit, or inclosed area, for cockfights.

Cockpit (n.) The Privy Council room at Westminster; -- so called because built on the site of the cockpit of Whitehall palace.

Cockpit (n.) That part of a war vessel appropriated to the wounded during an engagement.

Cockpit (n.) In yachts and other small vessels, a space lower than the rest of the deck, which affords easy access to the cabin.

Cockroach (n.) An orthopterous insect of the genus Blatta, and allied genera.

Cockscomb (n.) See Coxcomb.

Cockscomb (n.) A plant (Celosia cristata), of many varieties, cultivated for its broad, fantastic spikes of brilliant flowers; -- sometimes called garden cockscomb. Also the Pedicularis, or lousewort, the Rhinanthus Crista-galli, and the Onobrychis Crista-galli.

Cockshead (n.) A leguminous herb (Onobrychis Caput-galli), having small spiny-crested pods.

Cockshut (n.) A kind of net to catch woodcock.

Cockshy (n.) A game in which trinkets are set upon sticks, to be thrown at by the players; -- so called from an ancient popular sport which consisted in "shying" or throwing cudgels at live cocks.

Cockshy (n.) An object at which stones are flung.

Cockspur (n.) A variety of Crataegus, or hawthorn (C. Crus-galli), having long, straight thorns; -- called also Cockspur thorn.

Cocksure (a.) Perfectly safe.

Cocksure (a.) Quite certain.

Cockswain (n.) The steersman of a boat; a petty officer who has charge of a boat and its crew.

Cocktail (n.) A beverage made of brandy, whisky, or gin, iced, flavored, and sweetened.

Cocktail (n.) A horse, not of pure breed, but having only one eighth or one sixteenth impure blood in his veins.

Cocktail (n.) A mean, half-hearted fellow; a coward.

Cocktail (n.) A species of rove beetle; -- so called from its habit of elevating the tail.

Cockup (n.) A large, highly esteemed, edible fish of India (Lates calcarifer); -- also called begti.

Cockweed (n.) Peppergrass.

Cocky (a.) Pert.

Coco () Alt. of Coco palm

Coco palm () See Cocoa.

Cocoa () Alt. of Cocoa palm

Cocoa palm () A palm tree producing the cocoanut (Cocos nucifera). It grows in nearly all tropical countries, attaining a height of sixty or eighty feet. The trunk is without branches, and has a tuft of leaves at the top, each being fifteen or twenty feet in length, and at the base of these the nuts hang in clusters; the cocoanut tree.

Cocoa (n.) A preparation made from the seeds of the chocolate tree, and used in making, a beverage; also the beverage made from cocoa or cocoa shells.

Cocoanut (n.) The large, hard-shelled nut of the cocoa palm. It yields an agreeable milky liquid and a white meat or albumen much used as food and in making oil.

Cocobolo (n.) Alt. of Cocobolas

Cocobolas (n.) A very beautiful and hard wood, obtained in the West India Islands. It is used in cabinetmaking, for the handles of tools, and for various fancy articles.

Cocoon (n.) An oblong case in which the silkworm lies in its chrysalis state. It is formed of threads of silk spun by the worm just before leaving the larval state. From these the silk of commerce is prepared.

Cocoon (n.) The case constructed by any insect to contain its larva or pupa.

Cocoon (n.) The case of silk made by spiders to protect their eggs.

Cocoon (n.) The egg cases of mucus, etc., made by leeches and other worms.

Cocoonery (n.) A building or apartment for silkworms, when feeding and forming cocoons.

Coctible (a.) Capable of being cooked.

Coctile (a.) Made by baking, or exposing to heat, as a brick.

Coction (n.) Act of boiling.

Coction (n.) Digestion.

Coction (n.) The change which the humorists believed morbific matter undergoes before elimination.

Cocus wood () A West Indian wood, used for making flutes and other musical instruments.

Cod (n.) A husk; a pod; as, a peascod.

Cod (n.) A small bag or pouch.

Cod (n.) The scrotum.

Cod (n.) A pillow or cushion.

Cod (n.) An important edible fish (Gadus morrhua), taken in immense numbers on the northern coasts of Europe and America. It is especially abundant and large on the Grand Bank of Newfoundland. It is salted and dried in large quantities.

Coda (n.) A few measures added beyond the natural termination of a composition.

Codder (n.) A gatherer of cods or peas.

Codding (a.) Lustful.

Coddled (imp. & p. p.) of Coddle

Coddling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coddle

Coddle (v. t.) To parboil, or soften by boiling.

Coddle (v. t.) To treat with excessive tenderness; to pamper.

Coddymoddy (n.) A gull in the plumage of its first year.

Code (n.) A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest.

Code (n.) Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals.

Codefendant (n.) A joint defendant.

Codeine (n.) One of the opium alkaloids; a white crystalline substance, C18H21NO3, similar to and regarded as a derivative of morphine, but much feebler in its action; -- called also codeia.

Codetta (n.) A short passage connecting two sections, but not forming part of either; a short coda.

Codices (pl. ) of Codex

Codex (n.) A book; a manuscript.

Codex (n.) A collection or digest of laws; a code.

Codex (n.) An ancient manuscript of the Sacred Scriptures, or any part of them, particularly the New Testament.

Codex (n.) A collection of canons.

Codfish (n.) A kind of fish. Same as Cod.

Codger (n.) A miser or mean person.

Codger (n.) A singular or odd person; -- a familiar, humorous, or depreciatory appellation.

Codical (a.) Relating to a codex, or a code.

Codicil (n.) A clause added to a will.

Codicillary (a.) Of the nature of a codicil.

Codification (n.) The act or process of codifying or reducing laws to a code.

Codifier (n.) One who codifies.

Codified (imp. & p. p.) of Codify

Codifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Codify

Codify (v. t.) To reduce to a code, as laws.

Codilla (n.) The coarse tow of flax and hemp.

Codille (n.) A term at omber, signifying that the game is won.

Codist (n.) A codifier; a maker of codes.

Codle (v. t.) See Coddle.

Codlin (n.) Alt. of Codling

Codling (n.) An apple fit to stew or coddle.

Codling (n.) An immature apple.

Codling (n.) A young cod; also, a hake.

Cod liver (n.) The liver of the common cod and allied species.

Codpiece (n.) A part of male dress in front of the breeches, formerly made very conspicuous.

Coecilian (n.) See Caecilian.

Coeducation (n.) An educating together, as of persons of different sexes or races.

Coefficacy (n.) Joint efficacy.

Coefficiency (n.) Joint efficiency; cooperation.

Coefficient (a.) Cooperating; acting together to produce an effect.

Coefficient (n.) That which unites in action with something else to produce the same effect.

Coefficient (n.) A number or letter put before a letter or quantity, known or unknown, to show how many times the latter is to be taken; as, 6x; bx; here 6 and b are coefficients of x.

Coefficient (n.) A number, commonly used in computation as a factor, expressing the amount of some change or effect under certain fixed conditions as to temperature, length, volume, etc.; as, the coefficient of expansion; the coefficient of friction.

Coehorn (n.) A small bronze mortar mounted on a wooden block with handles, and light enough to be carried short distances by two men.

Coelacanth (a.) Having hollow spines, as some ganoid fishes.

Coelentera (n. pl.) Alt. of Coelenterata

Coelenterata (n. pl.) A comprehensive group of Invertebrata, mostly marine, comprising the Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, and Ctenophora. The name implies that the stomach and body cavities are one. The group is sometimes enlarged so as to include the sponges.

Coelenterate (a.) Belonging to the Coelentera.

Coelenterate (n.) One of the Coelentera.

Coelia (n.) A cavity.

Coeliac (a.) Alt. of Celiac

Celiac (a.) Relating to the abdomen, or to the cavity of the abdomen.

Coelodont (a.) Having hollow teeth; -- said of a group lizards.

Coelodont (n.) One of a group of lizards having hollow teeth.

Coelospermous (a.) Hollow-seeded; having the ventral face of the seedlike carpels incurved at the ends, as in coriander seed.

Coelum (n.) See Body cavity, under Body.

Coemption (n.) The act of buying the whole quantity of any commodity.

Coendoo (n.) The Brazilian porcupine (Cercolades, / Sphingurus, prehensiles), remarkable for its prehensile tail.

Coenenchym (n.) Alt. of Coenenchyma

Coenenchyma (n.) The common tissue which unites the polyps or zooids of a compound anthozoan or coral. It may be soft or more or less ossified. See Coral.

Coenesthesis (n.) Common sensation or general sensibility, as distinguished from the special sensations which are located in, or ascribed to, separate organs, as the eye and ear. It is supposed to depend on the ganglionic system.

Coenobite (n.) See Cenobite.

Coenoecium (n.) The common tissue which unites the various zooids of a bryozoan.

Coenogamy (n.) The state of a community which permits promiscuous sexual intercourse among its members; -- as in certain primitive tribes or communistic societies.

Coenosarc (n.) The common soft tissue which unites the polyps of a compound hydroid. See Hydroidea.

Coenurus (n.) The larval stage of a tapeworm (Taenia coenurus) which forms bladderlike sacs in the brain of sheep, causing the fatal disease known as water brain, vertigo, staggers or gid.

Coequal (a.) Being on an equality in rank or power.

Coequal (n.) One who is on an equality with another.

Coequality (n.) The state of being on an equality, as in rank or power.

Coequally (adv.) With coequality.

Coerced (imp. & p. p.) of Coerce

Coercing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coerce

Coerce (v. t.) To restrain by force, especially by law or authority; to repress; to curb.

Coerce (v. t.) To compel or constrain to any action; as, to coerce a man to vote for a certain candidate.

Coerce (v. t.) To compel or enforce; as, to coerce obedience.

Coercible (a.) Capable of being coerced.

Coercion (n.) The act or process of coercing.

Coercion (n.) The application to another of either physical or moral force. When the force is physical, and cannot be resisted, then the act produced by it is a nullity, so far as concerns the party coerced. When the force is moral, then the act, though voidable, is imputable to the party doing it, unless he be so paralyzed by terror as to act convulsively. At the same time coercion is not negatived by the fact of submission under force. "Coactus volui" (I consented under compulsion) is the condition of mind which, when there is volition forced by coercion, annuls the result of such coercion.

Coercitive (a.) Coercive.

Coercive (a.) Serving or intended to coerce; having power to constrain.

Coerulignone (n.) A bluish violet, crystalline substance obtained in the purification of crude wood vinegar. It is regarded as a complex quinone derivative of diphenyl; -- called also cedriret.

Coessential (a.) Partaking of the same essence.

Coessentiality (n.) Participation of the same essence.

Coestablishment (n.) Joint establishment.

Coestate (n.) Joint estate.

Coetanean (n.) A person coetaneous with another; a contemporary.

Coetaneous (a.) Of the same age; beginning to exist at the same time; contemporaneous.

Coeternal (a.) Equally eternal.

Coeternity (n.) Existence from eternity equally with another eternal being; equal eternity.

Coeval (n.) Of the same age; existing during the same period of time, especially time long and remote; -- usually followed by with.

Coeval (n.) One of the same age; a contemporary.

Coevous (a.) Coeval

Coexecutor (n.) A joint executor.

Coexecutrix (n.) A joint executrix.

Coexisted (imp. & p. p.) of Coexist

Coexisting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coexist

Coexist (v. i.) To exist at the same time; -- sometimes followed by with.

Coexistence (n.) Existence at the same time with another; -- contemporary existence.

Coexistent (a.) Existing at the same time with another.

Coexistent (n.) That which coexists with another.

Coexisting (a.) Coexistent.

Coextended (imp. & p. p.) of Coextend

Coextending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coextend

Coextend (v. t.) To extend through the same space or time with another; to extend to the same degree.

Coextension (n.) The act of extending equally, or the state of being equally extended.

Coextensive (a.) Equally extensive; having equal extent; as, consciousness and knowledge are coextensive.

Coffee (n.) The "beans" or "berries" (pyrenes) obtained from the drupes of a small evergreen tree of the genus Coffea, growing in Abyssinia, Arabia, Persia, and other warm regions of Asia and Africa, and also in tropical America.

Coffee (n.) The coffee tree.

Coffee (n.) The beverage made from the roasted and ground berry.

Coffeehouse (n.) A house of entertainment, where guests are supplied with coffee and other refreshments, and where men meet for conversation.

Coffeeman (n.) One who keeps a coffeehouse.

Coffeepot (n.) A covered pot in which coffee is prepared, or is brought upon the table for drinking.

Coffeeroom (n.) A public room where coffee and other refreshments may be obtained.

Coffer (n.) A casket, chest, or trunk; especially, one used for keeping money or other valuables.

Coffer (n.) Fig.: Treasure or funds; -- usually in the plural.

Coffer (n.) A panel deeply recessed in the ceiling of a vault, dome, or portico; a caisson.

Coffer (n.) A trench dug in the bottom of a dry moat, and extending across it, to enable the besieged to defend it by a raking fire.

Coffer (n.) The chamber of a canal lock; also, a caisson or a cofferdam.

Coffer (v. t.) To put into a coffer.

Coffer (v. t.) To secure from leaking, as a shaft, by ramming clay behind the masonry or timbering.

Coffer (v. t.) To form with or in a coffer or coffers; to furnish with a coffer or coffers.

Cofferdam (n.) A water-tight inclosure, as of piles packed with clay, from which the water is pumped to expose the bottom (of a river, etc.) and permit the laying of foundations, building of piers, etc.

Cofferer (n.) One who keeps treasures in a coffer.

Cofferwork (n.) Rubblework faced with stone.

Coffin (n.) The case in which a dead human body is inclosed for burial.

Coffin (n.) A basket.

Coffin (n.) A casing or crust, or a mold, of pastry, as for a pie.

Coffin (n.) A conical paper bag, used by grocers.

Coffin (n.) The hollow crust or hoof of a horse's foot, below the coronet, in which is the coffin bone.

Coffined (imp. & p. p.) of Coffin

Coffining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coffin

Coffin (v. t.) To inclose in, or as in, a coffin.

Coffinless (a.) Having no coffin.

Coffle (n.) A gang of negro slaves being driven to market.

Cogged (imp. & p. p.) of Cog

Cogging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cog

Cog (v. t.) To seduce, or draw away, by adulation, artifice, or falsehood; to wheedle; to cozen; to cheat.

Cog (v. t.) To obtrude or thrust in, by falsehood or deception; as, to cog in a word; to palm off.

Cog (v. i.) To deceive; to cheat; to play false; to lie; to wheedle; to cajole.

Cog (n.) A trick or deception; a falsehood.

Cog (n.) A tooth, cam, or catch for imparting or receiving motion, as on a gear wheel, or a lifter or wiper on a shaft; originally, a separate piece of wood set in a mortise in the face of a wheel.

Cog (n.) A kind of tenon on the end of a joist, received into a notch in a bearing timber, and resting flush with its upper surface.

Cog (n.) A tenon in a scarf joint; a coak.

Cog (n.) One of the rough pillars of stone or coal left to support the roof of a mine.

Cog (v. t.) To furnish with a cog or cogs.

Cog (n.) A small fishing boat.

Cogency (n.) The quality of being cogent; power of compelling conviction; conclusiveness; force.

Cogenial (a.) Congenial.

Cogent (p. a.) Compelling, in a physical sense; powerful.

Cogent (p. a.) Having the power to compel conviction or move the will; constraining; conclusive; forcible; powerful; not easily reasisted.

Cogently (adv.) In a cogent manner; forcibly; convincingly; conclusively.

Cogger (n.) A flatterer or deceiver; a sharper.

Coggery (n.) Trick; deception.

Coggle (n.) A small fishing boat.

Coggle (n.) A cobblestone.

Cogitability (n.) The quality of being cogitable; conceivableness.

Cogitable (a.) Capable of being brought before the mind as a thought or idea; conceivable; thinkable.

Cogitabund (a.) Full of thought; thoughtful.

Cogitated (imp. & p. p.) of Cogitate

Cogitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cogitate

Cogitate (v. i.) To engage in continuous thought; to think.

Cogitate (v. t.) To think over; to plan.

Cogitation (n.) The act of thinking; thought; meditation; contemplation.

Cogitative (a.) Possessing, or pertaining to, the power of thinking or meditating.

Cogitative (a.) Given to thought or contemplation.

Cogman (n.) A dealer in cogware or coarse cloth.

Cognac (n.) A kind of French brandy, so called from the town of Cognac.

Cognate (a.) Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (Law), related on the mother's side.

Cognate (a.) Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred; as, a cognate language.

Cognate (n.) One who is related to another on the female side.

Cognate (n.) One of a number of things allied in origin or nature; as, certain letters are cognates.

Cognateness (n.) The state of being cognate.

Cognati (n. pl.) Relatives by the mother's side.

Cognation (n.) Relationship by blood; descent from the same original; kindred.

Cognation (n.) Participation of the same nature.

Cognation (n.) That tie of consanguinity which exists between persons descended from the same mother; -- used in distinction from agnation.

Cognatus (n.) A person connected through cognation.

Cognisor (n.) Alt. of Cognisee

Cognisee (n.) See Cognizor, Cognizee.

Cognition (v. t.) The act of knowing; knowledge; perception.

Cognition (v. t.) That which is known.

Cognitive (a.) Knowing, or apprehending by the understanding; as, cognitive power.

Cognizable (a.) Capable of being known or apprehended; as, cognizable causes.

Cognizable (a.) Fitted to be a subject of judicial investigation; capable of being judicially heard and determined.

Cognizably (adv.) In a cognizable manner.

Cognizance (n.) Apprehension by the understanding; perception; observation.

Cognizance (n.) Recollection; recognition.

Cognizance (n.) Jurisdiction, or the power given by law to hear and decide controversies.

Cognizance (n.) The hearing a matter judicially.

Cognizance (n.) An acknowledgment of a fine of lands and tenements or confession of a thing done.

Cognizance (n.) A form of defense in the action of replevin, by which the defendant insists that the goods were lawfully taken, as a distress, by defendant, acting as servant for another.

Cognizance (n.) The distinguishing mark worn by an armed knight, usually upon the helmet, and by his retainers and followers: Hence, in general, a badge worn by a retainer or dependent, to indicate the person or party to which he belonged; a token by which a thing may be known.

Cognizant (a.) Having cognizance or knowledge. (of).

Cognize (v. t.) To know or perceive; to recognize.

Cognizee (n.) One to whom a fine of land was acknowledged.

Cognizor (n.) One who acknowledged the right of the plaintiff or cognizee in a fine; the defendant.

Cognomen (n.) The last of the three names of a person among the ancient Romans, denoting his house or family.

Cognomen (n.) A surname.

Cognominal (a.) Of or pertaining to a cognomen; of the nature of a surname.

Cognominal (n.) One bearing the same name; a namesake.

Cognomination (n.) A cognomen or surname.

Cognoscence (n.) Cognizance.

Cognoscenti (pl. ) of Cognoscente

Cognoscente (n.) A connoisseur.

Cognoscibility (n.) The quality of being cognoscible.

Cognoscible (a.) Capable of being known.

Cognoscible (a.) Liable to judicial investigation.

Cognoscitive (a.) Having the power of knowing.

Cognovit (n.) An instrument in writing whereby a defendant in an action acknowledges a plaintiff's demand to be just.

Coguardian (n.) A joint guardian.

Cogue (n.) A small wooden vessel; a pail.

Cogware (n.) A coarse, narrow cloth, like frieze, used by the lower classes in the sixteenth century.

Cogwheel (n.) A wheel with cogs or teeth; a gear wheel. See Illust. of Gearing.

Cohabited (imp. & p. p.) of Cohabit

Cohabiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cohabit

Cohabit (v.) To inhabit or reside in company, or in the same place or country.

Cohabit (v.) To dwell or live together as husband and wife.

Cohabitant (n.) One who dwells with another, or in the same place or country.

Cohabitation (n.) The act or state of dwelling together, or in the same place with another.

Cohabitation (n.) The living together of a man and woman in supposed sexual relationship.

Cohabiter (n.) A cohabitant.

Coheir (n.) A joint heir; one of two or more heirs; one of several entitled to an inheritance.

Coheiress (n.) A female heir who inherits with other heiresses; a joint heiress.

Coheirship (n.) The state of being a coheir.

Coherald (n.) A joint herald.

Cohered (imp. & p. p.) of Cohere

Cohering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cohere

Cohere (a.) To stick together; to cleave; to be united; to hold fast, as parts of the same mass.

Cohere (a.) To be united or connected together in subordination to one purpose; to follow naturally and logically, as the parts of a discourse, or as arguments in a train of reasoning; to be logically consistent.

Cohere (a.) To suit; to agree; to fit.

Coherence (n.) Alt. of Coherency

Coherency (n.) A sticking or cleaving together; union of parts of the same body; cohesion.

Coherency (n.) Connection or dependence, proceeding from the subordination of the parts of a thing to one principle or purpose, as in the parts of a discourse, or of a system of philosophy; consecutiveness.

Coherent (a.) Sticking together; cleaving; as the parts of bodies; solid or fluid.

Coherent (a.) Composed of mutually dependent parts; making a logical whole; consistent; as, a coherent plan, argument, or discourse.

Coherent (a.) Logically consistent; -- applied to persons; as, a coherent thinker.

Coherent (a.) Suitable or suited; adapted; accordant.

Coherently (adv.) In a coherent manner.

Cohesibility (n.) The state of being cohesible.

Cohesible (a.) Capable of cohesion.

Cohesion (n.) The act or state of sticking together; close union.

Cohesion (n.) That from of attraction by which the particles of a body are united throughout the mass, whether like or unlike; -- distinguished from adhesion, which unites bodies by their adjacent surfaces.

Cohesion (n.) Logical agreement and dependence; as, the cohesion of ideas.

Cohesive (a.) Holding the particles of a homogeneous body together; as, cohesive attraction; producing cohesion; as, a cohesive force.

Cohesive (a.) Cohering, or sticking together, as in a mass; capable of cohering; tending to cohere; as, cohesive clay.

Cohibited (imp. & p. p.) of Cohibit

Cohibiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cohibit

Cohibit (v. t.) To restrain.

Cohibition (n.) Hindrance; restraint.

Cohobated (imp. & p. p.) of Cohobate

Cohobating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cohobate

Cohobate (v. t.) To repeat the distillation of, pouring the liquor back upon the matter remaining in the vessel.

Cohobation (n.) The process of cohobating.

Cohorn (n.) See Coehorn.

Cohort (n.) A body of about five or six hundred soldiers; the tenth part of a legion.

Cohort (n.) Any band or body of warriors.

Cohort (n.) A natural group of orders of plants, less comprehensive than a class.

Cohosh (n.) A perennial American herb (Caulophyllum thalictroides), whose rootstock is used in medicine; -- also called pappoose root. The name is sometimes also given to the Cimicifuga racemosa, and to two species of Actaea, plants of the Crowfoot family.

Coif (n.) A cap.

Coif (n.) A close-fitting cap covering the sides of the head, like a small hood without a cape.

Coif (n.) An official headdress, such as that worn by certain judges in England.

Coif (v. t.) To cover or dress with, or as with, a coif.

Coifed (a.) Wearing a coif.

Coiffure (n.) A headdress, or manner of dressing the hair.

Coigne (n.) A quoin.

Coigne (n.) Alt. of Coigny

Coigny (n.) The practice of quartering one's self as landlord on a tenant; a quartering of one's self on anybody.

Coiled (imp. & p. p.) of Coil

Coiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coil

Coil (v. t.) To wind cylindrically or spirally; as, to coil a rope when not in use; the snake coiled itself before springing.

Coil (v. t.) To encircle and hold with, or as with, coils.

Coil (v. i.) To wind itself cylindrically or spirally; to form a coil; to wind; -- often with about or around.

Coil (n.) A ring, series of rings, or spiral, into which a rope, or other like thing, is wound.

Coil (n.) Fig.: Entanglement; toil; mesh; perplexity.

Coil (n.) A series of connected pipes in rows or layers, as in a steam heating apparatus.

Coil (n.) A noise, tumult, bustle, or confusion.

Coilon (n.) A testicle.

Coin (n.) A quoin; a corner or external angle; a wedge. See Coigne, and Quoin.

Coin (n.) A piece of metal on which certain characters are stamped by government authority, making it legally current as money; -- much used in a collective sense.

Coin (n.) That which serves for payment or recompense.

Coined (imp. & p. p.) of Coin

Coining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coin

Coin (v. t.) To make of a definite fineness, and convert into coins, as a mass of metal; to mint; to manufacture; as, to coin silver dollars; to coin a medal.

Coin (v. t.) To make or fabricate; to invent; to originate; as, to coin a word.

Coin (v. t.) To acquire rapidly, as money; to make.

Coin (v. i.) To manufacture counterfeit money.

Coinage (v. t.) The act or process of converting metal into money.

Coinage (v. t.) Coins; the aggregate coin of a time or place.

Coinage (v. t.) The cost or expense of coining money.

Coinage (v. t.) The act or process of fabricating or inventing; formation; fabrication; that which is fabricated or forged.

Coincided (imp. & p. p.) of Coincide

Coinciding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Coincide

Coincide (n.) To occupy the same place in space, as two equal triangles, when placed one on the other.

Coincide (n.) To occur at the same time; to be contemporaneous; as, the fall of Granada coincided with the discovery of America.

Coincide (n.) To correspond exactly; to agree; to concur; as, our aims coincide.

Coincidence (n.) The condition of occupying the same place in space; as, the coincidence of circles, surfaces, etc.

Coincidence (n.) The condition or fact of happening at the same time; as, the coincidence of the deaths of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.

Coincidence (n.) Exact correspondence in nature, character, result, circumstances, etc.; concurrence; agreement.

Coincibency (n.) Coincidence.

Coincident (a.) Having coincidence; occupying the same place; contemporaneous; concurrent; -- followed by with.

Coincident (n.) One of two or more coincident events; a coincidence.

Coincidental (a.) Coincident.

Coincidently (adv.) With coincidence.

Coincider (n.) One who coincides with another in an opinion.

Coindication (n.) One of several signs or symptoms indicating the same fact; as, a coindication of disease.

Coiner (n.) One who makes or stamps coin; a maker of money; -- usually, a maker of counterfeit money.

Coiner (n.) An inventor or maker, as of words.

Coinhabitant (n.) One who dwells with another, or with others.

Coinhere (v. i.) To inhere or exist together, as in one substance.

Coinheritance (n.) Joint inheritance.

Coinheritor (n.) A coheir.

Coinitial (a.) Having a common beginning.

Coinquinate (v. t.) To pollute.

Coinquination (n.) Defilement.

Coinstantaneous (a.) Happening at the same instant.

Cointense (a.) Equal in intensity or degree; as, the relations between 6 and 12, and 8 and 16, are cointense.

Cointension (n.) The condition of being of equal in intensity; -- applied to relations; as, 3:6 and 6:12 are relations of cointension.

Coir (n.) A material for cordage, matting, etc., consisting of the prepared fiber of the outer husk of the cocoanut.

Coir (n.) Cordage or cables, made of this material.

Coistril (n.) An inferior groom or lad employed by an esquire to carry the knight's arms and other necessaries.

Coistril (n.) A mean, paltry fellow; a coward.

Coit (n.) A quoit.

Coit (v. t.) To throw, as a stone. [Obs.] See Quoit.

Coition (n.) A coming together; sexual intercourse; copulation.

Cojoin (v. t.) To join; to conjoin.

Cojuror (n.) One who swears to another's credibility.

Coke (n.) Mineral coal charred, or depriver of its bitumen, sulphur, or other volatile matter by roasting in a kiln or oven, or by distillation, as in gas works. It is lagerly used where / smokeless fire is required.

Coke (v. t.) To convert into coke.

Cokenay (n.) A cockney.

Cokernut (n.) The cocoanut.

Cokes (n.) A simpleton; a gull; a dupe.

Cokewold (n.) Cuckold.

Col- () A prefix signifying with, together. See Com-.

Col (n.) A short ridge connecting two higher elevations or mountains; the pass over such a ridge.

Colaborer (n.) One who labors with another; an associate in labor.

Colander (n.) A utensil with a bottom perforated with little holes for straining liquids, mashed vegetable pulp, etc.; a strainer of wickerwork, perforated metal, or the like.

Colation (n.) The act or process of straining or filtering.

Colatitude (n.) The complement of the latitude, or the difference between any latitude and ninety degrees.

Colature (n.) The process of straining; the matter strained; a strainer.

Colbertine (n.) A kind of lace.

Colchicine (n.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, C17H19NO5, extracted from the Colchicum autumnale, or meadow saffron, as a white or yellowish amorphous powder, with a harsh, bitter taste; -- called also colchicia.

Colchicum (n.) A genus of bulbous-rooted plants found in many parts of Europe, including the meadow saffron.

Colcothar (n.) Polishing rouge; a reddish brown oxide of iron, used in polishing glass, and also as a pigment; -- called also crocus Martis.

Cold (n.) Deprived of heat, or having a low temperature; not warm or hot; gelid; frigid.

Cold (n.) Lacking the sensation of warmth; suffering from the absence of heat; chilly; shivering; as, to be cold.

Cold (n.) Not pungent or acrid.

Cold (n.) Wanting in ardor, intensity, warmth, zeal, or passion; spiritless; unconcerned; reserved.

Cold (n.) Unwelcome; disagreeable; unsatisfactory.

Cold (n.) Wanting in power to excite; dull; uninteresting.

Cold (n.) Affecting the sense of smell (as of hunting dogs) but feebly; having lost its odor; as, a cold scent.

Cold (n.) Not sensitive; not acute.

Cold (n.) Distant; -- said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed.

Cold (n.) Having a bluish effect. Cf. Warm, 8.

Cold (n.) The relative absence of heat or warmth.

Cold (n.) The sensation produced by the escape of heat; chilliness or chillness.

Cold (n.) A morbid state of the animal system produced by exposure to cold or dampness; a catarrh.

Cold (v. i.) To become cold.

Cold-blooded (a.) Having cold blood; -- said of fish or animals whose blood is but little warmer than the water or air about them.

Cold-blooded (a.) Deficient in sensibility or feeling; hard-hearted.

Cold-blooded (a.) Not thoroughbred; -- said of animals, as horses, which are derived from the common stock of a country.

Coldfinch (n.) A British wagtail.

Cold-hearted (a.) Wanting passion or feeling; indifferent.

Coldish (a.) Somewhat cold; cool; chilly.

Coldly (adv.) In a cold manner; without warmth, animation, or feeling; with indifference; calmly.

Coldness (n.) The state or quality of being cold.

Cold-short (a.) Brittle when cold; as, cold-short iron.

Cold-shut (a.) Closed while too cold to become thoroughly welded; -- said of a forging or casting.

Cold-shut (n.) An imperfection caused by such insufficient welding.

Cole (n.) A plant of the Brassica or Cabbage genus; esp. that form of B. oleracea called rape and coleseed.

Co-legatee (n.) A joint legatee.

Colegoose (n.) See Coalgoose.

Colemanite (n.) A hydrous borate of lime occurring in transparent colorless or white crystals, also massive, in Southern California.

Colemouse (n.) See Coletit.

Coleopter (n.) One of the Coleoptera.

Coleoptera (n. pl.) An order of insects having the anterior pair of wings (elytra) hard and horny, and serving as coverings for the posterior pair, which are membranous, and folded transversely under the others when not in use. The mouth parts form two pairs of jaws (mandibles and maxillae) adapted for chewing. Most of the Coleoptera are known as beetles and weevils.

Coleopteral (a.) Alt. of Coleopterous

Coleopterous (a.) Having wings covered with a case or sheath; belonging to the Coleoptera.

Coleopteran (n.) One of the order of Coleoptera.

Coleopterist (n.) One versed in the study of the Coleoptera.

Coleorhiza (n.) A sheath in the embryo of grasses, inclosing the caulicle.

Coleperch (n.) A kind of small black perch.

Colera (n.) Bile; choler.

Coleridgian (a.) Pertaining to Samuel Taylor Coleridge, or to his poetry or metaphysics.

Coleseed (n.) The common rape or cole.

Coleslaw (n.) A salad made of sliced cabbage.

Co-lessee (n.) A partner in a lease taken.

Co-lessor (n.) A partner in giving a lease.

Colestaff (n.) See Colstaff.

Colet () Alt. of Collet

Collet () An inferior church servant. [Obs.] See Acolyte.

Coletit (n.) Alt. of Coaltit

Coaltit (n.) A small European titmouse (Parus ater), so named from its black color; -- called also coalmouse and colemouse.

Coleus (n.) A plant of several species of the Mint family, cultivated for its bright-colored or variegated leaves.

Colewort (n.) A variety of cabbage in which the leaves never form a compact head.

Colewort (n.) Any white cabbage before the head has become firm.

Colfox (n.) A crafty fox.

Colic (n.) A severe paroxysmal pain in the abdomen, due to spasm, obstruction, or distention of some one of the hollow viscera.

Colic (a.) Of or pertaining to colic; affecting the bowels.

Colic (a.) Of or pertaining to the colon; as, the colic arteries.

Colical (a.) Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of, colic.

Colicky (a.) Pertaining to, or troubled with, colic; as, a colicky disorder.

Colicroot (n.) A bitter American herb of the Bloodwort family, with the leaves all radical, and the small yellow or white flowers in a long spike (Aletris farinosa and A. aurea). Called sometimes star grass, blackroot, blazing star, and unicorn root.

Colin (n.) The American quail or bobwhite. The name is also applied to other related species. See Bobwhite.

Coliseum (n.) The amphitheater of Vespasian at Rome, the largest in the world.

Colitis (n.) An inflammation of the large intestine, esp. of its mucous membrane; colonitis.

Coll (v. t.) To embrace.

Collaborateur (n.) See Collaborator.

Collaboration (n.) The act of working together; united labor.

Collaborator (n.) An associate in labor, especially in literary or scientific labor.

Collagen (n.) The chemical basis of ordinary connective tissue, as of tendons or sinews and of bone. On being boiled in water it becomes gelatin or glue.

Collagenous (a.) Containing or resembling collagen.

Collapsed (imp. & p. p.) of Collapse

Collapsing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Collapse

Collapse (v. i.) To fall together suddenly, as the sides of a hollow vessel; to close by falling or shrinking together; to have the sides or parts of (a thing) fall in together, or be crushed in together; as, a flue in the boiler of a steam engine sometimes collapses.

Collapse (v. i.) To fail suddenly and completely, like something hollow when subject to too much pressure; to undergo a collapse; as, Maximilian's government collapsed soon after the French army left Mexico; many financial projects collapse after attaining some success and importance.

Collapse (n.) A falling together suddenly, as of the sides of a hollow vessel.

Collapse (n.) A sudden and complete failure; an utter failure of any kind; a breakdown.

Collapse (n.) Extreme depression or sudden failing of all the vital powers, as the result of disease, injury, or nervous disturbance.

Collapsion (n.) Collapse.

Collar (n.) Something worn round the neck, whether for use, ornament, restraint, or identification; as, the collar of a coat; a lady's collar; the collar of a dog.

Collar (n.) A ring or cincture.

Collar (n.) A collar beam.

Collar (n.) The neck or line of junction between the root of a plant and its stem.

Collar (n.) An ornament worn round the neck by knights, having on it devices to designate their rank or order.

Collar (n.) A ringlike part of a mollusk in connection with esophagus.

Collar (n.) A colored ring round the neck of a bird or mammal.

Collar (n.) A ring or round flange upon, surrounding, or against an object, and used for restraining motion within given limits, or for holding something to its place, or for hiding an opening around an object; as, a collar on a shaft, used to prevent endwise motion of the shaft; a collar surrounding a stovepipe at the place where it enters a wall. The flanges of a piston and the gland of a stuffing box are sometimes called collars.

Collar (n.) An eye formed in the bight or bend of a shroud or stay to go over the masthead; also, a rope to which certain parts of rigging, as dead-eyes, are secured.

Collar (n.) A curb, or a horizontal timbering, around the mouth of a shaft.

Collared (imp. & p. p.) of Collar

Collaring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Collar

Collar (v. t.) To seize by the collar.

Collar (v. t.) To put a collar on.

Collar bone () The clavicle.

Collards (n. pl.) Young cabbage, used as "greens"; esp. a kind cultivated for that purpose; colewort.

Collared (a.) Wearing a collar.

Collared (a.) Wearing a collar; -- said of a man or beast used as a bearing when a collar is represented as worn around the neck or loins.

Collared (a.) Rolled up and bound close with a string; as, collared beef. See To collar beef, under Collar, v. t.

Collatable (a.) Capable of being collated.

Collated (imp. & p. p.) of Collate

Collating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Collate

Collate (v. t.) To compare critically, as books or manuscripts, in order to note the points of agreement or disagreement.

Collate (v. t.) To gather and place in order, as the sheets of a book for binding.

Collate (v. t.) To present and institute in a benefice, when the person presenting is both the patron and the ordinary; -- followed by to.

Collate (v. t.) To bestow or confer.

Collate (v. i.) To place in a benefice, when the person placing is both the patron and the ordinary.

Collateral (a.) Coming from, being on, or directed toward, the side; as, collateral pressure.

Collateral (a.) Acting in an indirect way.

Collateral (a.) Related to, but not strictly a part of, the main thing or matter under consideration; hence, subordinate; not chief or principal; as, collateral interest; collateral issues.

Collateral (a.) Tending toward the same conclusion or result as something else; additional; as, collateral evidence.

Collateral (a.) Descending from the same stock or ancestor, but not in the same line or branch or one from the other; -- opposed to lineal.

Collateral (n.) A collateral relative.

Collateral (n.) Collateral security; that which is pledged or deposited as collateral security.

Collaterally (adv.) Side by side; by the side.

Collaterally (adv.) In an indirect or subordinate manner; indirectly.

Collaterally (adv.) In collateral relation; not lineally.

Collateralness (n.) The state of being collateral.

Collation (v. t.) The act of collating or comparing; a comparison of one copy er thing (as of a book, or manuscript) with another of a like kind; comparison, in general.

Collation (v. t.) The gathering and examination of sheets preparatory to binding.

Collation (v. t.) The act of conferring or bestowing.

Collation (v. t.) A conference.

Collation (v. t.) The presentation of a clergyman to a benefice by a bishop, who has it in his own gift.

Collation (v. t.) The act of comparing the copy of any paper with its original to ascertain its conformity.

Collation (v. t.) The report of the act made by the proper officers.

Collation (v. t.) The right which an heir has of throwing the whole heritable and movable estates of the deceased into one mass, and sharing it equally with others who are of the same degree of kindred.

Collation (v. t.) A collection of the Lives of the Fathers or other devout work read daily in monasteries.

Collation (v. t.) A light repast or luncheon; as, a cold collation; -- first applied to the refreshment on fast days that accompanied the reading of the collation in monasteries.

Collation (v. i.) To partake of a collation.

Collationer (n.) One who examines the sheets of a book that has just been printed, to ascertain whether they are correctly printed, paged, etc.

Collatitious (a.) Brought together; contributed; done by contributions.

Collative (a.) Passing or held by collation; -- said of livings of which the bishop and the patron are the same person.

Collator (n.) One who collates manuscripts, books, etc.

Collator (n.) One who collates to a benefice.

Collator (n.) One who confers any benefit.

Collaud (v. t.) To join in praising.

Colleague (n.) A partner or associate in some civil or ecclesiastical office or employment. It is never used of partners in trade or manufactures.

Colleague (v.t & i.) To unite or associate with another or with others.

Colleagueship (n.) Partnership in office.

Collected (imp. & p. p.) of Collect

Collecting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Collect

Collect (v. t.) To gather into one body or place; to assemble or bring together; to obtain by gathering.

Collect (v. t.) To demand and obtain payment of, as an account, or other indebtedness; as, to collect taxes.

Collect (v. t.) To infer from observed facts; to conclude from premises.

Collect (v. i.) To assemble together; as, the people collected in a crowd; to accumulate; as, snow collects in banks.

Collect (v. i.) To infer; to conclude.

Collect (v. t.) A short, comprehensive prayer, adapted to a particular day, occasion, or condition, and forming part of a liturgy.

Collectanea (v. t.) Passages selected from various authors, usually for purposes of instruction; miscellany; anthology.

Collected (a.) Gathered together.

Collected (a.) Self-possessed; calm; composed.

Collectedly (adv.) Composedly; coolly.

Collectedness (n.) A collected state of the mind; self-possession.

Collectible (a.) Capable of being collected.

Collection (n.) The act or process of collecting or of gathering; as, the collection of specimens.

Collection (n.) That which is collected

Collection (n.) A gathering or assemblage of objects or of persons.

Collection (n.) A gathering of money for charitable or other purposes, as by passing a contribution box for freewill offerings.

Collection (n.) That which is obtained in payment of demands.

Collection (n.) An accumulation of any substance.

Collection (n.) The act of inferring or concluding from premises or observed facts; also, that which is inferred.

Collection (n.) The jurisdiction of a collector of excise.

Collectional (a.) Of or pertaining to collecting.

Collective (a.) Formed by gathering or collecting; gathered into a mass, sum, or body; congregated or aggregated; as, the collective body of a nation.

Collective (a.) Deducing consequences; reasoning; inferring.

Collective (a.) Expressing a collection or aggregate of individuals, by a singular form; as, a collective name or noun, like assembly, army, jury, etc.

Collective (a.) Tending to collect; forming a collection.

Collective (a.) Having plurality of origin or authority; as, in diplomacy, a note signed by the representatives of several governments is called a collective note.

Collective (n.) A collective noun or name.

Collectively (adv.) In a mass, or body; in a collected state; in the aggregate; unitedly.

Collectiveness (n.) A state of union; mass.

Collectivism (n.) The doctrine that land and capital should be owned by society collectively or as a whole; communism.

Collectivist (n.) An advocate of collectivism.

Collectivist (a.) Relating to, or characteristic of, collectivism.

Collector (n.) One who collects things which are separate; esp., one who makes a business or practice of collecting works of art, objects in natural history, etc.; as, a collector of coins.

Collector (n.) A compiler of books; one who collects scattered passages and puts them together in one book.

Collector (n.) An officer appointed and commissioned to collect and receive customs, duties, taxes, or toll.

Collector (n.) One authorized to collect debts.

Collector (n.) A bachelor of arts in Oxford, formerly appointed to superintend some scholastic proceedings in Lent.

Collectorate (n.) The district of a collector of customs; a collectorship.

Collectorship (n.) The office of a collector of customs or of taxes.

Collegatary (n.) A joint legatee.

College (n.) A collection, body, or society of persons engaged in common pursuits, or having common duties and interests, and sometimes, by charter, peculiar rights and privileges; as, a college of heralds; a college of electors; a college of bishops.

College (n.) A society of scholars or friends of learning, incorporated for study or instruction, esp. in the higher branches of knowledge; as, the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, and many American colleges.

College (n.) A building, or number of buildings, used by a college.

College (n.) Fig.: A community.

Collegial (n.) Collegiate.

Collegian (n.) A member of a college, particularly of a literary institution so called; a student in a college.

Collegiate (a.) Of or pertaining to a college; as, collegiate studies; a collegiate society.

Collegiate (n.) A member of a college.

Collembola (n. pl.) The division of Thysanura which includes Podura, and allied forms.

Collenchyma (n.) A tissue of vegetable cells which are thickend at the angles and (usually) elongated.

Collet (n.) A small collar or neckband.

Collet (n.) A small metal ring; a small collar fastened on an arbor; as, the collet on the balance arbor of a watch; a small socket on a stem, for holding a drill.

Collet (n.) The part of a ring containing the bezel in which the stone is set.

Collet (n.) The flat table at the base of a brilliant. See Illust. of Brilliant.

Colleterial (a.) Of or pertaining to the colleterium of insects.

Colleterium (n.) An organ of female insects, containing a cement to unite the ejected ova.

Colletic (a.) Agglutinant.

Colletic (n.) An agglutinant.

Colley (n.) See Collie.

Collide (v. i.) To strike or dash against each other; to come into collision; to clash; as, the vessels collided; their interests collided.

Collide (v. t.) To strike or dash against.

Collidine (n.) One of a class of organic bases, C8H11N, usually pungent oily liquids, belonging to the pyridine series, and obtained from bone oil, coal tar, naphtha, and certain alkaloids.

Collie (n.) The Scotch shepherd dog. There are two breeds, the rough-haired and smooth-haired. It is remarkable for its intelligence, displayed especially in caring for flocks.

Collied (p. & a.) Darkened. See Colly, v. t.

Collier (n.) One engaged in the business of digging mineral coal or making charcoal, or in transporting or dealing in coal.

Collier (n.) A vessel employed in the coal trade.

Collieries (pl. ) of Colliery

Colliery (n.) The place where coal is dug; a coal mine, and the buildings, etc., belonging to it.

Colliery (n.) The coal trade.

Colliflower (n.) See Cauliflower.

Colligated (imp. & p. p.) of Colligate

Colligating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Colligate

Colligate (v. t.) To tie or bind together.

Colligate (v. t.) To bring together by colligation; to sum up in a single proposition.

Colligate (a.) Bound together.

Colligation (n.) A binding together.

Colligation (n.) That process by which a number of isolated facts are brought under one conception, or summed up in a general proposition, as when Kepler discovered that the various observed positions of the planet Mars were points in an ellipse.

Collimated (imp. & p. p.) of Collimate

Collimating (p. p. & vb. n.) of Collimate

Collimate (v. t.) To render parallel to a certain line or direction; to bring into the same line, as the axes of telescopes, etc.; to render parallel, as rays of light.

Collimation (n.) The act of collimating; the adjustment of the line of the sights, as the axial line of the telescope of an instrument, into its proper position relative to the other parts of the instrument.

Collimator (n.) A telescope arranged and used to determine errors of collimation, both vertical and horizontal.

Collimator (n.) A tube having a convex lens at one end and at the other a small opening or slit which is at the principal focus of the lens, used for producing a beam of parallel rays; also, a lens so used.

Collin (n.) A very pure form of gelatin.

Colline (n.) A small hill or mount.

Collineation (n.) The act of aiming at, or directing in a line with, a fixed object.

Colling (v. t.) An embrace; dalliance.

Collingly (adv.) With embraces.

Collingual (a.) Having, or pertaining to, the same language.

Colliquable (a.) Liable to melt, grow soft, or become fluid.

Colliquament (n.) The first rudiments of an embryo in generation.

Colliquated (imp. & p. p.) of Colliquate

Colliquating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Colliquate

Colliquate (v. t. & i.) To change from solid to fluid; to make or become liquid; to melt.

Colliquation (n.) A melting together; the act of melting; fusion.

Colliquation (n.) A processive wasting or melting away of the solid parts of the animal system with copious excretions of liquids by one or more passages.

Colliquative (a.) Causing rapid waste or exhaustion; melting; as, colliquative sweats.

Colliquefaction (n.) A melting together; the reduction of different bodies into one mass by fusion.

Collish (n.) A tool to polish the edge of a sole.

Collision (n.) The act of striking together; a striking together, as of two hard bodies; a violent meeting, as of railroad trains; a clashing.

Collision (n.) A state of opposition; antagonism; interference.

Collisive (a.) Colliding; clashing.

Collitigant (a.) Disputing or wrangling.

Collitigant (n.) One who litigates or wrangles.

Collocate (a.) Set; placed.

Collocated (imp. & p. p.) of Collocate

Collocating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Collocate

Collocate (v. t.) To set or place; to set; to station.

Collocation (n.) The act of placing; the state of being placed with something else; disposition in place; arrangement.

Collocution (n.) A speaking or conversing together; conference; mutual discourse.

Collocutor (n.) One of the speakers in a dialogue.

Collodion (n.) A solution of pyroxylin (soluble gun cotton) in ether containing a varying proportion of alcohol. It is strongly adhesive, and is used by surgeons as a coating for wounds; but its chief application is as a vehicle for the sensitive film in photography.

Collodionize (v. t.) To prepare or treat with collodion.

Collodiotype (n.) A picture obtained by the collodion process; a melanotype or ambrotype.

Collodium (n.) See Collodion.

Collogue (v. i.) To talk or confer secretly and confidentially; to converse, especially with evil intentions; to plot mischief.

Colloid (a.) Resembling glue or jelly; characterized by a jellylike appearance; gelatinous; as, colloid tumors.

Colloid (n.) A substance (as albumin, gum, gelatin, etc.) which is of a gelatinous rather than a crystalline nature, and which diffuses itself through animal membranes or vegetable parchment more slowly than crystalloids do; -- opposed to crystalloid.

Colloid (n.) A gelatinous substance found in colloid degeneration and colloid cancer.

Colloidal (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, colloids.

Colloidality (n.) The state or quality of being colloidal.

Collop (n.) A small slice of meat; a piece of flesh.

Collop (n.) A part or piece of anything; a portion.

Colloped (a.) Having ridges or bunches of flesh, like collops.

Collophore (n.) A suckerlike organ at the base of the abdomen of insects belonging to the Collembola.

Collophore (n.) An adhesive marginal organ of the Lucernariae.

Colloquial (a.) Pertaining to, or used in, conversation, esp. common and familiar conversation; conversational; hence, unstudied; informal; as, colloquial intercourse; colloquial phrases; a colloquial style.

Colloquialism (n.) A colloquial expression, not employed in formal discourse or writing.

Colloquialize (v. t.) To make colloquial and familiar; as, to colloquialize one's style of writing.

Colloquist (n.) A speaker in a colloquy or dialogue.

Colloquies (pl. ) of Colloquy

Colloquy (n.) Mutual discourse of two or more persons; conference; conversation.

Colloquy (n.) In some American colleges, a part in exhibitions, assigned for a certain scholarship rank; a designation of rank in collegiate scholarship.

Collow (n.) Soot; smut. See 1st Colly.

Colluctancy (n.) A struggling to resist; a striving against; resistance; opposition of nature.

Colluctation (n.) A struggling; a contention.

Colluded (imp. & p. p.) of Collude

Colluding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Collude

Collude (v. i.) To have secretly a joint part or share in an action; to play into each other's hands; to conspire; to act in concert.

Colluder (n.) One who conspires in a fraud.

Colla (pl. ) of Collum

Collum (n.) A neck or cervix.

Collum (n.) Same as Collar.

Collusion (n.) A secret agreement and cooperation for a fraudulent or deceitful purpose; a playing into each other's hands; deceit; fraud; cunning.

Collusion (n.) An agreement between two or more persons to defraud a person of his rights, by the forms of law, or to obtain an object forbidden by law.

Collusive (a.) Characterized by collusion; done or planned in collusion.

Collusive (a.) Acting in collusion.

Collusory (a.) Collusive.

Collutory (n.) A medicated wash for the mouth.

Colly (n.) The black grime or soot of coal.

Collied (imp. & p. p.) of Colly

Collying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Colly

Colly (v. t.) To render black or dark, as of with coal smut; to begrime.

Colly (n.) A kind of dog. See Collie.

Collybist (n.) A money changer.

Collyriums (pl. ) of Collyrium

Collyria (pl. ) of Collyrium

Collyrium (n.) An application to the eye, usually an eyewater.

Colocolo (n.) A South American wild cat (Felis colocolo), of the size of the ocelot.

Colocynth (n.) The light spongy pulp of the fruit of the bitter cucumber (Citrullus, / Cucumis, colocynthis), an Asiatic plant allied to the watermelon; coloquintida. It comes in white balls, is intensely bitter, and a powerful cathartic. Called also bitter apple, bitter cucumber, bitter gourd.

Colocynthin (n.) The active medicinal principle of colocynth; a bitter, yellow, crystalline substance, regarded as a glucoside.

Cologne (n.) A perfumed liquid, composed of alcohol and certain aromatic oils, used in the toilet; -- called also cologne water and eau de cologne.

Cologne earth () An earth of a deep brown color, containing more vegetable than mineral matter; an earthy variety of lignite, or brown coal.

Colombier (n.) A large size of paper for drawings. See under Paper.

Colombin (n.) See Calumbin.

Colombo (n.) See Calumba.

Colon (n.) That part of the large intestines which extends from the caecum to the rectum. [See Illust of Digestion.]

Colon (n.) A point or character, formed thus [:], used to separate parts of a sentence that are complete in themselves and nearly independent, often taking the place of a conjunction.

Colonel (n.) The chief officer of a regiment; an officer ranking next above a lieutenant colonel and next below a brigadier general.

Colonelcy (n.) The office, rank, or commission of a colonel.

Colonelship (n.) Colonelcy.

Coloner (n.) A colonist.

Colonial (a.) Of or pertaining to a colony; as, colonial rights, traffic, wars.

Colonical (a.) Of or pertaining to husbandmen.

Colonist (n.) A member or inhabitant of a colony.

Colonitis (n.) See Colitis.

Colonization (n.) The act of colonizing, or the state of being colonized; the formation of a colony or colonies.

Colonizationist (n.) A friend to colonization, esp. (U. S. Hist) to the colonization of Africa by emigrants from the colored population of the United States.

Colonized (imp. & p. p.) of Colonize

Colonizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Colonize

Colonize (v. t.) To plant or establish a colony or colonies in; to people with colonists; to migrate to and settle in.

Colonize (v. i.) To remove to, and settle in, a distant country; to make a colony.

Colonizer (n.) One who promotes or establishes a colony; a colonist.

Colonnade (n.) A series or range of columns placed at regular intervals with all the adjuncts, as entablature, stylobate, roof, etc.

Colonies (pl. ) of Colony

Colony (n.) A company of people transplanted from their mother country to a remote province or country, and remaining subject to the jurisdiction of the parent state; as, the British colonies in America.

Colony (n.) The district or country colonized; a settlement.

Colony (n.) A company of persons from the same country sojourning in a foreign city or land; as, the American colony in Paris.

Colony (n.) A number of animals or plants living or growing together, beyond their usual range.

Colophany (n.) See Colophony.

Colophene (n.) A colorless, oily liquid, formerly obtained by distillation of colophony. It is regarded as a polymeric form of terebenthene. Called also diterebene.

Colophon (n.) An inscription, monogram, or cipher, containing the place and date of publication, printer's name, etc., formerly placed on the last page of a book.

Colophonite (n.) A coarsely granular variety of garnet.

Colophony (n.) Rosin.

Coloquintida (n.) See Colocynth.

Color (n.) A property depending on the relations of light to the eye, by which individual and specific differences in the hues and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay colors; sad colors, etc.

Color (n.) Any hue distinguished from white or black.

Color (n.) The hue or color characteristic of good health and spirits; ruddy complexion.

Color (n.) That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as, oil colors or water colors.

Color (n.) That which covers or hides the real character of anything; semblance; excuse; disguise; appearance.

Color (n.) Shade or variety of character; kind; species.

Color (n.) A distinguishing badge, as a flag or similar symbol (usually in the plural); as, the colors or color of a ship or regiment; the colors of a race horse (that is, of the cap and jacket worn by the jockey).

Color (n.) An apparent right; as where the defendant in trespass gave to the plaintiff an appearance of title, by stating his title specially, thus removing the cause from the jury to the court.

Colored (imp. & p. p.) of Color

Coloring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Color

Color (v. t.) To change or alter the hue or tint of, by dyeing, staining, painting, etc.; to dye; to tinge; to paint; to stain.

Color (v. t.) To change or alter, as if by dyeing or painting; to give a false appearance to; usually, to give a specious appearance to; to cause to appear attractive; to make plausible; to palliate or excuse; as, the facts were colored by his prejudices.

Color (v. t.) To hide.

Color (v. i.) To acquire color; to turn red, especially in the face; to blush.

Colorable (a.) Specious; plausible; having an appearance of right or justice.

Colorado beetle () A yellowish beetle (Doryphora decemlineata), with ten longitudinal, black, dorsal stripes. It has migrated eastwards from its original habitat in Colorado, and is very destructive to the potato plant; -- called also potato beetle and potato bug. See Potato beetle.

Colorado group () A subdivision of the cretaceous formation of western North America, especially developed in Colorado and the upper Missouri region.

Coloradoite (n.) Mercury telluride, an iron-black metallic mineral, found in Colorado.

Colorate (a.) Colored.

Coloration (n.) The act or art of coloring; the state of being colored.

Colorature (n.) Vocal music colored, as it were, by florid ornaments, runs, or rapid passages.

Color-blind (a.) Affected with color blindness. See Color blindness, under Color, n.

Colored (a.) Having color; tinged; dyed; painted; stained.

Colored (a.) Specious; plausible; adorned so as to appear well; as, a highly colored description.

Colored (a.) Of some other color than black or white.

Colored (a.) Of some other color than white; specifically applied to negroes or persons having negro blood; as, a colored man; the colored people.

Colored (a.) Of some other color than green.

Colorific (a.) Capable of communicating color or tint to other bodies.

Colorimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the depth of the color of anything, especially of a liquid, by comparison with a standard liquid.

Coloring (n.) The act of applying color to; also, that which produces color.

Coloring (n.) Change of appearance as by addition of color; appearance; show; disguise; misrepresentation.

Colorist (n.) One who colors; an artist who excels in the use of colors; one to whom coloring is of prime importance.

Colorless (a.) Without color; not distinguished by any hue; transparent; as, colorless water.

Colorless (a.) Free from any manifestation of partial or peculiar sentiment or feeling; not disclosing likes, dislikes, prejudice, etc.; as, colorless music; a colorless style; definitions should be colorless.

Colormen (pl. ) of Colorman

Colorman (n.) A vender of paints, etc.

Color sergeant () See under Sergeant.

Colossal (a.) Of enormous size; gigantic; huge; as, a colossal statue.

Colossal (a.) Of a size larger than heroic. See Heroic.

Colossean (a.) Colossal.

Colosseum (n.) The amphitheater of Vespasian in Rome.

Colossi (pl. ) of Colossus

Colossuses (pl. ) of Colossus

Colossus (n.) A statue of gigantic size. The name was especially applied to certain famous statues in antiquity, as the Colossus of Nero in Rome, the Colossus of Apollo at Rhodes.

Colossus (n.) Any man or beast of gigantic size.

Colostrum (n.) The first milk secreted after delivery; biestings.

Colostrum (n.) A mixture of turpentine and the yolk of an egg, formerly used as an emulsion.

Colotomy (n.) An operation for opening the colon

Colour (n.) See Color.

Colp (n.) See Collop.

Colportage (n.) The distribution of religious books, tracts, etc., by colporteurs.

Colporter (n.) Same as Colporteur.

Colporteur (n.) A hawker; specifically, one who travels about selling and distributing religious tracts and books.

Colstaff (n.) A staff by means of which a burden is borne by two persons on their shoulders.

Colt (n.) The young of the equine genus or horse kind of animals; -- sometimes distinctively applied to the male, filly being the female. Cf. Foal.

Colt (n.) A young, foolish fellow.

Colt (n.) A short knotted rope formerly used as an instrument of punishment in the navy.

Colt (v. i.) To frisk or frolic like a colt; to act licentiously or wantonly.

Colt (v. t.) To horse; to get with young.

Colt (v. t.) To befool.

Colter (n.) A knife or cutter, attached to the beam of a plow to cut the sward, in advance of the plowshare and moldboard.

Coltish (a.) Like a colt; wanton; frisky.

Coltsfoot (n.) A perennial herb (Tussilago Farfara), whose leaves and rootstock are sometimes employed in medicine.

Colt's tooth () See under Colt.

Coluber (n.) A genus of harmless serpents.

Colubrine (a.) like or related to snakes of the genus Coluber.

Colubrine (a.) Like a snake; cunning; crafty.

Colugo (n.) A peculiar East Indian mammal (Galleopithecus volans), having along the sides, connecting the fore and hind limbs, a parachutelike membrane, by means of which it is able to make long leaps, like the flying squirrel; -- called also flying lemur.

Columba (n.) See Calumba.

Columbae (n. pl.) An order of birds, including the pigeons.

Columbaria (pl. ) of Columbarium

Columbarium (n.) A dovecote or pigeon house.

Columbarium (n.) A sepulchral chamber with niches for holding cinerary urns.

Columbaries (pl. ) of Columbary

Columbary (n.) A dovecote; a pigeon house.

Columbate (n.) A salt of columbic acid; a niobate. See Columbium.

Columbatz fly () See Buffalo fly, under Buffalo.

Columbella (n.) A genus of univalve shells, abundant in tropical seas. Some species, as Columbella mercatoria, were formerly used as shell money.

Columbia (n.) America; the United States; -- a poetical appellation given in honor of Columbus, the discoverer.

Columbiad (n.) A form of seacoast cannon; a long, chambered gun designed for throwing shot or shells with heavy charges of powder, at high angles of elevation.

Columbian (a.) Of or pertaining to the United States, or to America.

Columbic (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, columbium or niobium; niobic.

Columbic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the columbo root.

Columbier (n.) See Colombier.

Columbiferous (a.) Producing or containing columbium.

Columbin (n.) A white, crystalline, bitter substance. See Calumbin.

Columbine (a.) Of or pertaining to a dove; dovelike; dove-colored.

Columbine (n.) A plant of several species of the genus Aquilegia; as, A. vulgaris, or the common garden columbine; A. Canadensis, the wild red columbine of North America.

Columbine (n.) The mistress or sweetheart of Harlequin in pantomimes.

Columbite (n.) A mineral of a black color, submetallic luster, and high specific specific gravity. It is a niobate (or columbate) of iron and manganese, containing tantalate of iron; -- first found in New England.

Columbium (n.) A rare element of the vanadium group, first found in a variety of the mineral columbite occurring in Connecticut, probably at Haddam. Atomic weight 94.2. Symbol Cb or Nb. Now more commonly called niobium.

Columbo (n.) See Calumba.

Columella (n.) An axis to which a carpel of a compound pistil may be attached, as in the case of the geranium; or which is left when a pod opens.

Columella (n.) A columnlike axis in the capsules of mosses.

Columella (n.) A term applied to various columnlike parts; as, the columella, or epipterygoid bone, in the skull of many lizards; the columella of the ear, the bony or cartilaginous rod connecting the tympanic membrane with the internal ear.

Columella (n.) The upright pillar in the axis of most univalve shells.

Columella (n.) The central pillar or axis of the calicles of certain corals.

Columelliform (a.) Shaped like a little column, or columella.

Column (n.) A kind of pillar; a cylindrical or polygonal support for a roof, ceiling, statue, etc., somewhat ornamented, and usually composed of base, shaft, and capital. See Order.

Column (n.) Anything resembling, in form or position, a column in architecture; an upright body or mass; a shaft or obelisk; as, a column of air, of water, of mercury, etc.; the Column Vendome; the spinal column.

Column (n.) A body of troops formed in ranks, one behind the other; -- contradistinguished from line. Compare Ploy, and Deploy.

Column (n.) A small army.

Column (n.) A number of ships so arranged as to follow one another in single or double file or in squadrons; -- in distinction from "line", where they are side by side.

Column (n.) A perpendicular set of lines, not extending across the page, and separated from other matter by a rule or blank space; as, a column in a newspaper.

Column (n.) A perpendicular line of figures.

Column (n.) The body formed by the union of the stamens in the Mallow family, or of the stamens and pistil in the orchids.

Columnar (a.) Formed in columns; having the form of a column or columns; like the shaft of a column.

Columnarity (n.) The state or quality of being columnar.

Columnated (a.) Having columns; as, columnated temples.

Columned (a.) Having columns.

Columniation (n.) The employment or arrangement of columns in a structure.

Colures (pl. ) of Colure

Colure (n.) One of two great circles intersecting at right angles in the poles of the equator. One of them passes through the equinoctial points, and hence is denominated the equinoctial colure; the other intersects the equator at the distance of 90! from the former, and is called the solstitial colure.

Colies (pl. ) of Coly

Coly (n.) Any bird of the genus Colius and allied genera. They inhabit Africa.

Colza (n.) A variety of cabbage (Brassica oleracea), cultivated for its seeds, which yield an oil valued for illuminating and lubricating purposes; summer rape.

Com- () A prefix from the Latin preposition cum, signifying with, together, in conjunction, very, etc. It is used in the form com- before b, m, p, and sometimes f, and by assimilation becomes col- before l, cor- before r, and con- before any consonant except b, h, l, m, p, r, and w. Before a vowel com- becomes co-; also before h, w, and sometimes before other consonants.

Coma (n.) A state of profound insensibility from which it is difficult or impossible to rouse a person. See Carus.

Coma (n.) The envelope of a comet; a nebulous covering, which surrounds the nucleus or body of a comet.

Coma (n.) A tuft or bunch, -- as the assemblage of branches forming the head of a tree; or a cluster of bracts when empty and terminating the inflorescence of a plant; or a tuft of long hairs on certain seeds.

Comanches (n. pl.) A warlike, savage, and nomadic tribe of the Shoshone family of Indians, inhabiting Mexico and the adjacent parts of the United States; -- called also Paducahs. They are noted for plundering and cruelty.

Comart (n.) A covenant.

Comate (a.) Encompassed with a coma, or bushy appearance, like hair; hairy.

Co-mate (n.) A companion.

Comatose (a.) Relating to, or resembling, coma; drowsy; lethargic; as, comatose sleep; comatose fever.

Comatous (a.) Comatose.

Comatula (n.) A crinoid of the genus Antedon and related genera. When young they are fixed by a stem. When adult they become detached and cling to seaweeds, etc., by their dorsal cirri; -- called also feather stars.

Comatulid (n.) Any crinoid of the genus Antedon or allied genera.

Comb (n.) An instrument with teeth, for straightening, cleansing, and adjusting the hair, or for keeping it in place.

Comb (n.) An instrument for currying hairy animals, or cleansing and smoothing their coats; a currycomb.

Comb (n.) A toothed instrument used for separating and cleansing wool, flax, hair, etc.

Comb (n.) The serrated vibratory doffing knife of a carding machine.

Comb (n.) A former, commonly cone-shaped, used in hat manufacturing for hardening the soft fiber into a bat.

Comb (n.) A tool with teeth, used for chasing screws on work in a lathe; a chaser.

Comb (n.) The notched scale of a wire micrometer.

Comb (n.) The collector of an electrical machine, usually resembling a comb.

Comb (n.) The naked fleshy crest or caruncle on the upper part of the bill or hood of a cock or other bird. It is usually red.

Comb (n.) One of a pair of peculiar organs on the base of the abdomen of scorpions.

Comb (n.) The curling crest of a wave.

Comb (n.) The waxen framework forming the walls of the cells in which bees store their honey, eggs, etc.; honeycomb.

Comb (n.) The thumbpiece of the hammer of a gunlock, by which it may be cocked.

Combed (imp. & p. p.) of Comb

Combing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comb

Comb (v. t.) To disentangle, cleanse, or adjust, with a comb; to lay smooth and straight with, or as with, a comb; as, to comb hair or wool. See under Combing.

Comb (n.) To roll over, as the top or crest of a wave; to break with a white foam, as waves.

Comb (n.) Alt. of Combe

Combe (n.) That unwatered portion of a valley which forms its continuation beyond and above the most elevated spring that issues into it.

Comb (n.) A dry measure. See Coomb.

Combated (imp. & p. p.) of Combat

Combating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Combat

Combat (v. i.) To struggle or contend, as with an opposing force; to fight.

Combat (v. t.) To fight with; to oppose by force, argument, etc.; to contend against; to resist.

Combat (n.) A fight; a contest of violence; a struggle for supremacy.

Combat (n.) An engagement of no great magnitude; or one in which the parties engaged are not armies.

Combatable (a.) Such as can be, or is liable to be, combated; as, combatable foes, evils, or arguments.

Combatant (a.) Contending; disposed to contend.

Combatant (n.) One who engages in combat.

Combater (n.) One who combats.

Combative (a.) Disposed to engage in combat; pugnacious.

Combativeness (n.) The quality of being combative; propensity to contend or to quarrel.

Combativeness (n.) A cranial development supposed to indicate a combative disposition.

Combattant (a.) In the position of fighting; -- said of two lions set face to face, each rampant.

Combbroach (n.) A tooth of a wool comb.

Combe (n.) See Comb.

Comber (n.) One who combs; one whose occupation it is to comb wool, flax, etc. Also, a machine for combing wool, flax, etc.

Comber (n.) A long, curling wave.

Comber (v. t.) To cumber.

Comber (n.) Encumbrance.

Comber (n.) The cabrilla. Also, a name applied to a species of wrasse.

Combinable (a.) Capable of combining; consistent with.

Combinate (a.) United; joined; betrothed.

Combination (n.) The act or process of combining or uniting persons and things.

Combination (n.) The result of combining or uniting; union of persons or things; esp. a union or alliance of persons or states to effect some purpose; -- usually in a bad sense.

Combination (n.) The act or process of uniting by chemical affinity, by which substances unite with each other in definite proportions by weight to form distinct compounds.

Combination (n.) The different arrangements of a number of objects, as letters, into groups.

Combined (imp. & p. p.) of Combine

Combining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Combine

Combine (v. t.) To unite or join; to link closely together; to bring into harmonious union; to cause or unite so as to form a homogeneous substance, as by chemical union.

Combine (v. t.) To bind; to hold by a moral tie.

Combine (v. i.) To form a union; to agree; to coalesce; to confederate.

Combine (v. i.) To unite by affinity or natural attraction; as, two substances, which will not combine of themselves, may be made to combine by the intervention of a third.

Combine (v. i.) In the game of casino, to play a card which will take two or more cards whose aggregate number of pips equals those of the card played.

Combined (a.) United closely; confederated; chemically united.

Combinedly (adv. In combination or cooperation) ; jointly.

Combiner (n.) One who, or that which, combines.

Combing (n.) The act or process of using a comb or a number of combs; as, the combing of one's hair; the combing of wool.

Combing (n.) That which is caught or collected with a comb, as loose, tangled hair.

Combing (n.) Hair arranged to be worn on the head.

Combing (n.) See Coamings.

Combless (a.) Without a comb or crest; as, a combless cock.

Comboloio (n.) A Mohammedan rosary, consisting of ninety-nine beads.

Comb-shaped (a.) Pectinate.

Combust (a.) Burnt; consumed.

Combust (a.) So near the sun as to be obscured or eclipsed by his light, as the moon or planets when not more than eight degrees and a half from the sun.

Combustibility (n.) The quality of being combustible.

Combustible (a.) Capable of taking fire and burning; apt to catch fire; inflammable.

Combustible (a.) Easily kindled or excited; quick; fiery; irascible.

Combustible (n.) A substance that may be set on fire, or which is liable to take fire and burn.

Combustibleness (n.) Combustibility.

Combustion (n.) The state of burning.

Combustion (n.) The combination of a combustible with a supporter of combustion, producing heat, and sometimes both light and heat.

Combustion (n.) Violent agitation; confusion; tumult.

Combustious (a.) Inflammable.

Came (imp.) of Come

Come (p. p.) of Come

Coming (p. pr & vb. n.) of Come

Come (n.) To move hitherward; to draw near; to approach the speaker, or some place or person indicated; -- opposed to go.

Come (n.) To complete a movement toward a place; to arrive.

Come (n.) To approach or arrive, as if by a journey or from a distance.

Come (n.) To approach or arrive, as the result of a cause, or of the act of another.

Come (n.) To arrive in sight; to be manifest; to appear.

Come (n.) To get to be, as the result of change or progress; -- with a predicate; as, to come untied.

Come (v. t.) To carry through; to succeed in; as, you can't come any tricks here.

Come (n.) Coming.

Co-meddle (v. t.) To mix; to mingle, to temper.

Comedian (n.) An actor or player in comedy.

Comedian (n.) A writer of comedy.

Comedienne (n.) A women who plays in comedy.

Comedietta (n.) A dramatic sketch; a brief comedy.

Comedones (pl. ) of Comedo

Comedo (n.) A small nodule or cystic tumor, common on the nose, etc., which on pressure allows the escape of a yellow wormlike mass of retained oily secretion, with a black head (dirt).

Comedown (n.) A downfall; an humiliation.

Comedies (pl. ) of Comedy

Comedy (n.) A dramatic composition, or representation of a bright and amusing character, based upon the foibles of individuals, the manners of society, or the ludicrous events or accidents of life; a play in which mirth predominates and the termination of the plot is happy; -- opposed to tragedy.

Comelily (adv.) In a suitable or becoming manner.

Comeliness (n.) The quality or state of being comely.

Comely (superl.) Pleasing or agreeable to the sight; well-proportioned; good-looking; handsome.

Comely (superl.) Suitable or becoming; proper; agreeable.

Comely (adv.) In a becoming manner.

Come-outer (n.) One who comes out or withdraws from a religious or other organization; a radical reformer.

Comer (n.) One who comes, or who has come; one who has arrived, and is present.

Comes (n.) The answer to the theme (dux) in a fugue.

Comessation (n.) A reveling; a rioting.

Comestible (a.) Suitable to be eaten; eatable; esculent.

Comestible (n.) Something suitable to be eaten; -- commonly in the plural.

Comet (n.) A member of the solar system which usually moves in an elongated orbit, approaching very near to the sun in its perihelion, and receding to a very great distance from it at its aphelion. A comet commonly consists of three parts: the nucleus, the envelope, or coma, and the tail; but one or more of these parts is frequently wanting. See Illustration in Appendix.

Cometarium (n.) An instrument, intended to represent the revolution of a comet round the sun.

Cometary (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a comet.

Comet-finder (n.) Alt. of Comet- seeker

Comet- seeker (n.) A telescope of low power, having a large field of view, used for finding comets.

Cometic (a.) Relating to a comet.

Cometographer (n.) One who describes or writes about comets.

Cometography (n.) A description of, or a treatise concerning, comets.

Cometology (n.) The department of astronomy relating to comets.

Comfit (n.) A dry sweetmeat; any kind of fruit, root, or seed preserved with sugar and dried; a confection.

Comfit (v. t.) To preserve dry with sugar.

Comfiture (n.) See Comfit, n.

Comforted (imp. & p. p.) of Comfort

Comforting. (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comfort

Comfort (v. t.) To make strong; to invigorate; to fortify; to corroborate.

Comfort (v. t.) To assist or help; to aid.

Comfort (v. t.) To impart strength and hope to; to encourage; to relieve; to console; to cheer.

Comfort (n.) Assistance; relief; support.

Comfort (n.) Encouragement; solace; consolation in trouble; also, that which affords consolation.

Comfort (n.) A state of quiet enjoyment; freedom from pain, want, or anxiety; also, whatever contributes to such a condition.

Comfort (n.) A wadded bedquilt; a comfortable.

Comfort (n.) Unlawful support, countenance, or encouragement; as, to give aid and comfort to the enemy.

Comfortable (a.) Strong; vigorous; valiant.

Comfortable (a.) Serviceable; helpful.

Comfortable (a.) Affording or imparting comfort or consolation; able to comfort; cheering; as, a comfortable hope.

Comfortable (a.) In a condition of comfort; having comforts; not suffering or anxious; hence, contented; cheerful; as, to lead a comfortable life.

Comfortable (a.) Free, or comparatively free, from pain or distress; -- used of a sick person.

Comfortable (n.) A stuffed or quilted coverlet for a bed; a comforter; a comfort.

Comfortableness (n.) State of being comfortable.

Comfortably (adv.) In a comfortable or comforting manner.

Comforter (n.) One who administers comfort or consolation.

Comforter (n.) The Holy Spirit, -- referring to his office of comforting believers.

Comforter (n.) A knit woolen tippet, long and narrow.

Comforter (n.) A wadded bedquilt; a comfortable.

Comfortless (a.) Without comfort or comforts; in want or distress; cheerless.

Comfortment (n.) Act or process of administering comfort.

Comfortress (n.) A woman who comforts.

Comfrey (n.) A rough, hairy, perennial plant of several species, of the genus Symphytum.

Comic (a.) Relating to comedy, as distinct from tragedy.

Comic (a.) Causing mirth; ludicrous.

Comic (n.) A comedian.

Comical (a.) Relating to comedy.

Comical (a.) Exciting mirth; droll; laughable; as, a comical story.

Comicalities (pl. ) of Comicality

Comicality (n.) The quality of being comical; something comical.

Comicry (n.) The power of exciting mirth; comicalness.

Coming (a.) Approaching; of the future, especially the near future; the next; as, the coming week or year; the coming exhibition.

Coming (a.) Ready to come; complaisant; fond.

Coming (n.) Approach; advent; manifestation; as, the coming of the train.

Coming (n.) Specifically: The Second Advent of Christ.

Comitia (n. pl.) A public assembly of the Roman people for electing officers or passing laws.

Comitial (a.) Relating to the comitia, or popular assemblies of the Romans for electing officers and passing laws.

Comities (pl. ) of Comity

Comity (n.) Mildness and suavity of manners; courtesy between equals; friendly civility; as, comity of manners; the comity of States.

Comma (n.) A character or point [,] marking the smallest divisions of a sentence, written or printed.

Comma (n.) A small interval (the difference between a major and minor half step), seldom used except by tuners.

Commanded (imp. & p. p.) of Command

Commanding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Command

Command (v. t.) To order with authority; to lay injunction upon; to direct; to bid; to charge.

Command (v. t.) To exercise direct authority over; to have control of; to have at one's disposal; to lead.

Command (v. t.) To have within a sphere of control, influence, access, or vision; to dominate by position; to guard; to overlook.

Command (v. t.) To have power or influence of the nature of authority over; to obtain as if by ordering; to receive as a due; to challenge; to claim; as, justice commands the respect and affections of the people; the best goods command the best price.

Command (v. t.) To direct to come; to bestow.

Command (v. i.) To have or to exercise direct authority; to govern; to sway; to influence; to give an order or orders.

Command (v. i.) To have a view, as from a superior position.

Command (n.) An authoritative order requiring obedience; a mandate; an injunction.

Command (n.) The possession or exercise of authority.

Command (n.) Authority; power or right of control; leadership; as, the forces under his command.

Command (n.) Power to dominate, command, or overlook by means of position; scope of vision; survey.

Command (n.) Control; power over something; sway; influence; as, to have command over one's temper or voice; the fort has command of the bridge.

Command (n.) A body of troops, or any naval or military force or post, or the whole territory under the authority or control of a particular officer.

Commandable (a.) Capable of being commanded.

Commandant (n.) A commander; the commanding officer of a place, or of a body of men; as, the commandant of a navy-yard.

Commandatory (a.) Mandatory; as, commandatory authority.

Commander (n.) A chief; one who has supreme authority; a leader; the chief officer of an army, or of any division of it.

Commander (n.) An officer who ranks next below a captain, -- ranking with a lieutenant colonel in the army.

Commander (n.) The chief officer of a commandery.

Commander (n.) A heavy beetle or wooden mallet, used in paving, in sail lofts, etc.

Commandership (n.) The office of a commander.

Commanderies (pl. ) of Commandery

Commandery (n.) The office or rank of a commander.

Commandery (n.) A district or a manor with lands and tenements appertaining thereto, under the control of a member of an order of knights who was called a commander; -- called also a preceptory.

Commandery (n.) An assembly or lodge of Knights Templars (so called) among the Freemasons.

Commandery (n.) A district under the administration of a military commander or governor.

Commanding (a.) Exercising authority; actually in command; as, a commanding officer.

Commanding (a.) Fitted to impress or control; as, a commanding look or presence.

Commanding (a.) Exalted; overlooking; having superior strategic advantages; as, a commanding position.

Commandingly (adv.) In a commanding manner.

Commandment (n.) An order or injunction given by authority; a command; a charge; a precept; a mandate.

Commandment (n.) One of the ten laws or precepts given by God to the Israelites at Mount Sinai.

Commandment (n.) The act of commanding; exercise of authority.

Commandment (n.) The offense of commanding or inducing another to violate the law.

Commandress (n.) A woman invested with authority to command.

Commandry (n.) See Commandery.

Commark (n.) The frontier of a country; confines.

Commaterial (a.) Consisting of the same material.

Commatic (a.) Having short clauses or sentences; brief; concise.

Commatism (n.) Conciseness in writing.

Commeasurable (a.) Having the same measure; commensurate; proportional.

Commeasure (v. t.) To be commensurate with; to equal.

Commemorable (a.) Worthy to be commemorated.

Commemorated (imp. & p. p.) of Commemorate

Commemorating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commemorate

Commemorate (v. t.) To call to remembrance by a special act or observance; to celebrate with honor and solemnity; to honor, as a person or event, by some act of respect or affection, intended to preserve the remembrance of the person or event; as, to commemorate the sufferings and dying love of our Savior by the sacrament of the Lord's Supper; to commemorate the Declaration of Independence by the observance of the Fourth of July.

Commemoration (n.) The act of commemorating; an observance or celebration designed to honor the memory of some person or event.

Commemoration (n.) Whatever serves the purpose of commemorating; a memorial.

Commemorative (a.) Tending or intended to commemorate.

Commemorator (n.) One who commemorates.

Commemoratory (a.) Serving to commemorate; commemorative.

Commenced (imp. & p. p.) of Commence

Commencing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commence

Commence (v. i.) To have a beginning or origin; to originate; to start; to begin.

Commence (v. i.) To begin to be, or to act as.

Commence (v. i.) To take a degree at a university.

Commence (v. t.) To enter upon; to begin; to perform the first act of.

Commencement (n.) The first existence of anything; act or fact of commencing; rise; origin; beginning; start.

Commencement (n.) The day when degrees are conferred by colleges and universities upon students and others.

Commended (imp. & p. p.) of Commend

Commending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commend

Commend (v. t.) To commit, intrust, or give in charge for care or preservation.

Commend (v. t.) To recommend as worthy of confidence or regard; to present as worthy of notice or favorable attention.

Commend (v. t.) To mention with approbation; to praise; as, to commend a person or an act.

Commend (v. t.) To mention by way of courtesy, implying remembrance and good will.

Commend (n.) Commendation; praise.

Commend (n.) Compliments; greetings.

Commendable (a.) Worthy of being commended or praised; laudable; praiseworthy.

Commendam (n.) A vacant living or benefice commended to a cleric (usually a bishop) who enjoyed the revenue until a pastor was provided. A living so held was said to be held in commendam. The practice was abolished by law in 1836.

Commendatary (n.) One who holds a living in commendam.

Commendation (n.) The act of commending; praise; favorable representation in words; recommendation.

Commendation (n.) That which is the ground of approbation or praise.

Commendation (n.) A message of affection or respect; compliments; greeting.

Commendator (n.) One who holds a benefice in commendam; a commendatary.

Commendatory (a.) Serving to commend; containing praise or commendation; commending; praising.

Commendatory (a.) Holding a benefice in commendam; as, a commendatory bishop.

Commendatory (n.) A commendation; eulogy.

Commender (n.) One who commends or praises.

Commensal (n.) One who eats at the same table.

Commensal (n.) An animal, not truly parasitic, which lives in, with, or on, another, partaking usually of the same food. Both species may be benefited by the association.

Commensal (a.) Having the character of a commensal.

Commensalism (n.) The act of eating together; table fellowship.

Commensality (n.) Fellowship at table; the act or practice of eating at the same table.

Commensation (n.) Commensality.

Commensurability (n.) The quality of being commensurable.

Commensurable (a.) Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure.

Commensurably (adv.) In a commensurable manner; so as to be commensurable.

Commensurated (imp. & p. p.) of Commensurate

Commensurating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commensurate

Commensurate (v. t.) To reduce to a common measure.

Commensurate (v. t.) To proportionate; to adjust.

Commensurate (a.) Having a common measure; commensurable; reducible to a common measure; as, commensurate quantities.

Commensurate (a.) Equal in measure or extent; proportionate.

Commensurately (adv.) In a commensurate manner; so as to be equal or proportionate; adequately.

Commensurately (adv.) With equal measure or extent.

Commensurateness (n.) The state or quality of being commensurate.

Commensuration (n.) The act of commensurating; the state of being commensurate.

Commented (imp. & p. p.) of Comment

Commenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comment

Comment (v. i.) To make remarks, observations, or criticism; especially, to write notes on the works of an author, with a view to illustrate his meaning, or to explain particular passages; to write annotations; -- often followed by on or upon.

Comment (v. t.) To comment on.

Comment (n.) A remark, observation, or criticism; gossip; discourse; talk.

Comment (n.) A note or observation intended to explain, illustrate, or criticise the meaning of a writing, book, etc.; explanation; annotation; exposition.

Commentaries (pl. ) of Commentary

Commentary (v. i.) A series of comments or annotations; esp., a book of explanations or expositions on the whole or a part of the Scriptures or of some other work.

Commentary (v. i.) A brief account of transactions or events written hastily, as if for a memorandum; -- usually in the plural; as, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War.

Commentate (v. t. & i.) To write comments or notes upon; to make comments.

Commentation (n.) The act or process of commenting or criticising; exposition.

Commentation (n.) The result of the labors of a commentator.

Commentator (n.) One who writes a commentary or comments; an expositor; an annotator.

Commentatorial (a.) Pertaining to the making of commentaries.

Commentatorship (n.) The office or occupation of a commentator.

Commenter (n.) One who makes or writes comments; a commentator; an annotator.

Commentitious (a.) Fictitious or imaginary; unreal; as, a commentitious system of religion.

Commerce (n.) The exchange or buying and selling of commodities; esp. the exchange of merchandise, on a large scale, between different places or communities; extended trade or traffic.

Commerce (n.) Social intercourse; the dealings of one person or class in society with another; familiarity.

Commerce (n.) Sexual intercourse.

Commerce (n.) A round game at cards, in which the cards are subject to exchange, barter, or trade.

Commerced (imp. & p. p.) of Commerce

Commercing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commerce

Commerce (v. i.) To carry on trade; to traffic.

Commerce (v. i.) To hold intercourse; to commune.

Commercial (a.) Of or pertaining to commerce; carrying on or occupied with commerce or trade; mercantile; as, commercial advantages; commercial relations.

Commercialism (n.) The commercial spirit or method.

Commercially (adv.) In a commercial manner.

Commigrate (v. i.) To migrate together.

Commigration (n.) Migration together.

Commination (n.) A threat or threatening; a denunciation of punishment or vengeance.

Commination (n.) An office in the liturgy of the Church of England, used on Ash Wednesday, containing a recital of God's anger and judgments against sinners.

Comminatory (a.) Threatening or denouncing punishment; as, comminatory terms.

Commingled (imp. & p. p.) of Commingle

Commingling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commingle

Commingle (v. t. & i.) To mingle together; to mix in one mass, or intimately; to blend.

Comminuted (imp. & p. p.) of Comminute

Comminuting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comminute

Comminute (v. t.) To reduce to minute particles, or to a fine powder; to pulverize; to triturate; to grind; as, to comminute chalk or bones; to comminute food with the teeth.

Comminution (n.) The act of reducing to a fine powder or to small particles; pulverization; the state of being comminuted.

Comminution (n.) Fracture (of a bone) into a number of pieces.

Comminution (n.) Gradual diminution by the removal of small particles at a time; a lessening; a wearing away.

Commiserable (a.) Pitiable.

Commiserated (imp. & p. p.) of Commiserate

Commiserating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commiserate

Commiserate (v. t.) To feel sorrow, pain, or regret for; to pity.

Commiseration (n.) The act of commiserating; sorrow for the wants, afflictions, or distresses of another; pity; compassion.

Commiserative (a.) Feeling or expressing commiseration.

Commiserator (n.) One who pities.

Commissarial (a.) Of or pertaining to a commissary.

Commissariat (n.) The organized system by which armies and military posts are supplied with food and daily necessaries.

Commissariat (n.) The body of officers charged with such service.

Commissaries (pl. ) of Commissary

Commissary (n.) One to whom is committed some charge, duty, or office, by a superior power; a commissioner.

Commissary (n.) An officer of the bishop, who exercises ecclesiastical jurisdiction in parts of the diocese at a distance from the residence of the bishop.

Commissary (n.) An officer having charge of a special service; as, the commissary of musters.

Commissary (n.) An officer whose business is to provide food for a body of troops or a military post; -- officially called commissary of subsistence.

Commissaryship (n.) The office or employment of a commissary.

Commission (n.) The act of committing, doing, or performing; the act of perpetrating.

Commission (n.) The act of intrusting; a charge; instructions as to how a trust shall be executed.

Commission (n.) The duty or employment intrusted to any person or persons; a trust; a charge.

Commission (n.) A formal written warrant or authority, granting certain powers or privileges and authorizing or commanding the performance of certain duties.

Commission (n.) A certificate conferring military or naval rank and authority; as, a colonel's commission.

Commission (n.) A company of persons joined in the performance of some duty or the execution of some trust; as, the interstate commerce commission.

Commission (n.) The acting under authority of, or on account of, another.

Commission (n.) The thing to be done as agent for another; as, I have three commissions for the city.

Commission (n.) The brokerage or allowance made to a factor or agent for transacting business for another; as, a commission of ten per cent on sales. See Del credere.

Commissioned (imp. & p. p.) of Commission

Commissioning (p. pr & vb. n.) of Commission

Commission (v. t.) To give a commission to; to furnish with a commission; to empower or authorize; as, to commission persons to perform certain acts; to commission an officer.

Commission (v. t.) To send out with a charge or commission.

Commissional (a.) Alt. of Commissionary

Commissionary (a.) Of, pertaining to, or conferring, a commission; conferred by a commission or warrant.

Commissionate (v. t.) To commission

Commissioner (n.) A person who has a commission or warrant to perform some office, or execute some business, for the government, corporation, or person employing him; as, a commissioner to take affidavits or to adjust claims.

Commissioner (n.) An officer having charge of some department or bureau of the public service.

Commissionnaire (n.) An agent or factor; a commission merchant.

Commissionnaire (n.) One of a class of attendants, in some European cities, who perform miscellaneous services for travelers.

Commissionship (n.) The office of commissioner.

Commissive (a.) Relating to commission; of the nature of, or involving, commission.

Commissural (a.) Of or pertaining to a commissure.

Commissure (n.) A joint, seam, or closure; the place where two bodies, or parts of a body, meet and unite; an interstice, cleft, or juncture.

Commissure (n.) The point of union between two parts, as the angles of the lips or eyelids, the mandibles of a bird, etc.

Commissure (n.) A collection of fibers connecting parts of the brain or spinal marrow; a chiasma.

Commissure (n.) The line of junction or cohering face of two carpels, as in the parsnip, caraway, etc.

Committed (imp. & p. p.) of Commit

Committing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commit

Commit (v. t.) To give in trust; to put into charge or keeping; to intrust; to consign; -- used with to, unto.

Commit (v. t.) To put in charge of a jailor; to imprison.

Commit (v. t.) To do; to perpetrate, as a crime, sin, or fault.

Commit (v. t.) To join for a contest; to match; -- followed by with.

Commit (v. t.) To pledge or bind; to compromise, expose, or endanger by some decisive act or preliminary step; -- often used reflexively; as, to commit one's self to a certain course.

Commit (v. t.) To confound.

Commit (v. i.) To sin; esp., to be incontinent.

Commitment (n.) The act of committing, or putting in charge, keeping, or trust; consignment; esp., the act of committing to prison.

Commitment (n.) A warrant or order for the imprisonment of a person; -- more frequently termed a mittimus.

Commitment (n.) The act of referring or intrusting to a committee for consideration and report; as, the commitment of a petition or a bill.

Commitment (n.) A doing, or perpetration, in a bad sense, as of a crime or blunder; commission.

Commitment (n.) The act of pledging or engaging; the act of exposing, endangering, or compromising; also, the state of being pledged or engaged.

Committable (a.) Capable of being committed.

Committal (n.) The act of committing, or the state of being committed; commitment.

Committee (n.) One or more persons elected or appointed, to whom any matter or business is referred, either by a legislative body, or by a court, or by any collective body of men acting together.

Committee (v. t.) One to whom the charge of the person or estate of another, as of a lunatic, is committed by suitable authority; a guardian.

Committeeman (n.) A member of a committee.

Committer (n.) One who commits; one who does or perpetrates.

Committer (n.) A fornicator.

Committible (a.) Capable of being committed; liable to be committed.

Commixed (imp. & p. p.) of Commix

Commixing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commix

Commix (v. t. & i.) To mix or mingle together; to blend.

Commixion (n.) Commixture.

Commixtion (n.) Commixture; mingling.

Commixture (n.) The act or process of mixing; the state of being mingled; the blending of ingredients in one mass or compound.

Commixture (n.) The mass formed by mingling different things; a compound; a mixture.

Commodate (n.) A gratuitous loan.

Commode (n.) A kind of headdress formerly worn by ladies, raising the hair and fore part of the cap to a great height.

Commode (n.) A piece of furniture, so named according to temporary fashion

Commode (n.) A chest of drawers or a bureau.

Commode (n.) A night stand with a compartment for holding a chamber vessel.

Commode (n.) A kind of close stool.

Commode (n.) A movable sink or stand for a wash bowl, with closet.

Commodious (a.) Adapted to its use or purpose, or to wants and necessities; serviceable; spacious and convenient; roomy and comfortable; as, a commodious house.

Commodiously (adv.) In a commodious manner.

Commodiousness (n.) State of being commodious; suitableness for its purpose; convenience; roominess.

Commodities (pl. ) of Commodity

Commodity (n.) Convenience; accommodation; profit; benefit; advantage; interest; commodiousness.

Commodity (n.) That which affords convenience, advantage, or profit, especially in commerce, including everything movable that is bought and sold (except animals), -- goods, wares, merchandise, produce of land and manufactures, etc.

Commodity (n.) A parcel or quantity of goods.

Commodore (n.) An officer who ranks next above a captain; sometimes, by courtesy, the senior captain of a squadron. The rank of commodore corresponds with that of brigadier general in the army.

Commodore (n.) A captain commanding a squadron, or a division of a fleet, or having the temporary rank of rear admiral.

Commodore (n.) A title given by courtesy to the senior captain of a line of merchant vessels, and also to the chief officer of a yachting or rowing club.

Commodore (n.) A familiar for the flagship, or for the principal vessel of a squadron or fleet.

Common (v.) Belonging or relating equally, or similarly, to more than one; as, you and I have a common interest in the property.

Common (v.) Belonging to or shared by, affecting or serving, all the members of a class, considered together; general; public; as, properties common to all plants; the common schools; the Book of Common Prayer.

Common (v.) Often met with; usual; frequent; customary.

Common (v.) Not distinguished or exceptional; inconspicuous; ordinary; plebeian; -- often in a depreciatory sense.

Common (v.) Profane; polluted.

Common (v.) Given to habits of lewdness; prostitute.

Common (n.) The people; the community.

Common (n.) An inclosed or uninclosed tract of ground for pleasure, for pasturage, etc., the use of which belongs to the public; or to a number of persons.

Common (n.) The right of taking a profit in the land of another, in common either with the owner or with other persons; -- so called from the community of interest which arises between the claimant of the right and the owner of the soil, or between the claimants and other commoners entitled to the same right.

Common (v. i.) To converse together; to discourse; to confer.

Common (v. i.) To participate.

Common (v. i.) To have a joint right with others in common ground.

Common (v. i.) To board together; to eat at a table in common.

Commonable (a.) Held in common.

Commonable (a.) Allowed to pasture on public commons.

Commonage (n.) The right of pasturing on a common; the right of using anything in common with others.

Commonalties (pl. ) of Commonalty

Commonalty (n.) The common people; those classes and conditions of people who are below the rank of nobility; the commons.

Commonalty (n.) The majority or bulk of mankind.

Commoner (n.) One of the common people; one having no rank of nobility.

Commoner (n.) A member of the House of Commons.

Commoner (n.) One who has a joint right in common ground.

Commoner (n.) One sharing with another in anything.

Commoner (n.) A student in the university of Oxford, Eng., who is not dependent on any foundation for support, but pays all university charges; - - at Cambridge called a pensioner.

Commoner (n.) A prostitute.

Commonish (a.) Somewhat common; commonplace; vulgar.

Commonition (n.) Advice; warning; instruction.

Commonitive (a.) Monitory.

Commonitory (a.) Calling to mind; giving admonition.

Commonly (adv.) Usually; generally; ordinarily; frequently; for the most part; as, confirmed habits commonly continue through life.

Commonly (adv.) In common; familiarly.

Commonness (n.) State or quality of being common or usual; as, the commonness of sunlight.

Commonness (n.) Triteness; meanness.

Commonplace (a.) Common; ordinary; trite; as, a commonplace person, or observation.

Commonplace (n.) An idea or expression wanting originality or interest; a trite or customary remark; a platitude.

Commonplace (n.) A memorandum; something to be frequently consulted or referred to.

Commonplace (v. t.) To enter in a commonplace book, or to reduce to general heads.

Commonplace (v. i.) To utter commonplaces; to indulge in platitudes.

Commonplaceness (n.) The quality of being commonplace; commonness.

Commons (n. pl.) The mass of the people, as distinguished from the titled classes or nobility; the commonalty; the common people.

Commons (n. pl.) The House of Commons, or lower house of the British Parliament, consisting of representatives elected by the qualified voters of counties, boroughs, and universities.

Commons (n. pl.) Provisions; food; fare, -- as that provided at a common table in colleges and universities.

Commons (n. pl.) A club or association for boarding at a common table, as in a college, the members sharing the expenses equally; as, to board in commons.

Commons (n. pl.) A common; public pasture ground.

Common sense () See Common sense, under Sense.

Commonty (n.) A common; a piece of land in which two or more persons have a common right.

Commonweal (n.) Commonwealth.

Commonwealth (n.) A state; a body politic consisting of a certain number of men, united, by compact or tacit agreement, under one form of government and system of laws.

Commonwealth (n.) The whole body of people in a state; the public.

Commonwealth (n.) Specifically, the form of government established on the death of Charles I., in 1649, which existed under Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard, ending with the abdication of the latter in 1659.

Commorance (n.) See Commorancy.

Commorancy (n.) A dwelling or ordinary residence in a place; habitation.

Commorancy (n.) Residence temporarily, or for a short time.

Commorant (n.) Ordinarily residing; inhabiting.

Commorant (n.) Inhabiting or occupying temporarily.

Commorant (n.) A resident.

Commoration (n.) The act of staying or residing in a place.

Commorient (a.) Dying together or at the same time.

Commorse (n.) Remorse.

Commote (v. t.) To commove; to disturb; to stir up.

Commotion (n.) Disturbed or violent motion; agitation.

Commotion (n.) A popular tumult; public disturbance; riot.

Commotion (n.) Agitation, perturbation, or disorder, of mind; heat; excitement.

Commoved (imp. & p. p.) of Commove

Commoving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commove

Commove (v. t.) To urge; to persuade; to incite.

Commove (v. t.) To put in motion; to disturb; to unsettle.

Communal (a.) Pertaining to a commune.

Communalism (n.) A French theory of government which holds that commune should be a kind of independent state, and the national government a confederation of such states, having only limited powers. It is advocated by advanced French republicans; but it should not be confounded with communism.

Communalist (n.) An advocate of communalism.

Communalistic (a.) Pertaining to communalism.

Communed (imp. & p. p.) of Commune

Communing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commune

Commune (v. i.) To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel.

Commune (v. i.) To receive the communion; to partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper.

Commune (n.) Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends.

Commune (n.) The commonalty; the common people.

Commune (n.) A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See Arrondissement.

Commune (n.) Absolute municipal self-government.

Communicability (n.) The quality of being communicable; capability of being imparted.

Communicable (a.) Capable of being communicated, or imparted; as, a communicable disease; communicable knowledge.

Communicable (a.) Communicative; free-speaking.

Communicant (n.) One who partakes of, or is entitled to partake of, the sacrament of the Lord's supper; a church member.

Communicant (n.) One who communicates.

Communicant (a.) Communicating.

Communicated (imp. & p. p.) of Communicate

Communicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Communicate

Communicate (v. i.) To share in common; to participate in.

Communicate (v. i.) To impart; to bestow; to convey; as, to communicate a disease or a sensation; to communicate motion by means of a crank.

Communicate (v. i.) To make known; to recount; to give; to impart; as, to communicate information to any one.

Communicate (v. i.) To administer the communion to.

Communicate (v. i.) To share or participate; to possess or enjoy in common; to have sympathy.

Communicate (v. i.) To give alms, sympathy, or aid.

Communicate (v. i.) To have intercourse or to be the means of intercourse; as, to communicate with another on business; to be connected; as, a communicating artery.

Communicate (v. i.) To partake of the Lord's supper; to commune.

Communication (n.) The act or fact of communicating; as, communication of smallpox; communication of a secret.

Communication (n.) Intercourse by words, letters, or messages; interchange of thoughts or opinions, by conference or other means; conference; correspondence.

Communication (n.) Association; company.

Communication (n.) Means of communicating; means of passing from place to place; a connecting passage; connection.

Communication (n.) That which is communicated or imparted; intelligence; news; a verbal or written message.

Communication (n.) Participation in the Lord's supper.

Communication (n.) A trope, by which a speaker assumes that his hearer is a partner in his sentiments, and says we, instead of I or you.

Communicative (a.) Inclined to communicate; ready to impart to others.

Communicativeness (n.) The quality of being communicative.

Communicator (n.) One who communicates.

Communicatory (a.) Imparting knowledge or information.

Communion (n.) The act of sharing; community; participation.

Communion (n.) Intercourse between two or more persons; esp., intimate association and intercourse implying sympathy and confidence; interchange of thoughts, purposes, etc.; agreement; fellowship; as, the communion of saints.

Communion (n.) A body of Christians having one common faith and discipline; as, the Presbyterian communion.

Communion (n.) The sacrament of the eucharist; the celebration of the Lord's supper; the act of partaking of the sacrament; as, to go to communion; to partake of the communion.

Communism (n.) A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.

Communist (n.) An advocate for the theory or practice of communism.

Communist (n.) A supporter of the commune of Paris.

Communistic (a.) Of or pertaining to communism or communists; as, communistic theories.

Communistic (a.) Living or having their nests in common, as certain birds.

Communities (pl. ) of Community

Community (n.) Common possession or enjoyment; participation; as, a community of goods.

Community (n.) A body of people having common rights, privileges, or interests, or living in the same place under the same laws and regulations; as, a community of monks. Hence a number of animals living in a common home or with some apparent association of interests.

Community (n.) Society at large; a commonwealth or state; a body politic; the public, or people in general.

Community (n.) Common character; likeness.

Community (n.) Commonness; frequency.

Commutability (n.) The quality of being commutable.

Commutable (a.) Capable of being commuted or interchanged.

Commutableness (n.) The quality of being commutable; interchangeableness.

Commutation (n.) A passing from one state to another; change; alteration; mutation.

Commutation (n.) The act of giving one thing for another; barter; exchange.

Commutation (n.) The change of a penalty or punishment by the pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment.

Commutation (n.) A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp. a substitution of one form of payment for another, or one payment for many, or a specific sum of money for conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright; commutation of rations.

Commutative (a.) Relative to exchange; interchangeable; reciprocal.

Commutator (n.) A piece of apparatus used for reversing the direction of an electrical current; an attachment to certain electrical machines, by means of which alternating currents are made to be continuous or to have the same direction.

Commuted (imp. & p. p.) of Commute

Commuting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Commute

Commute (v. t.) To exchange; to put or substitute something else in place of, as a smaller penalty, obligation, or payment, for a greater, or a single thing for an aggregate; hence, to lessen; to diminish; as, to commute a sentence of death to one of imprisonment for life; to commute tithes; to commute charges for fares.

Commute (v. i.) To obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; to effect a commutation.

Commute (v. i.) To pay, or arrange to pay, in gross instead of part by part; as, to commute for a year's travel over a route.

Commuter (n.) One who commutes; especially, one who commutes in traveling.

Commutual (a.) Mutual; reciprocal; united.

Comose (a.) Bearing a tuft of soft hairs or down, as the seeds of milkweed.

Compact (p. p. & a) Joined or held together; leagued; confederated.

Compact (p. p. & a) Composed or made; -- with of.

Compact (p. p. & a) Closely or firmly united, as the particles of solid bodies; firm; close; solid; dense.

Compact (p. p. & a) Brief; close; pithy; not diffuse; not verbose; as, a compact discourse.

Compacted (imp. & p. p.) of Compact

Compacting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compact

Compact (v. t.) To thrust, drive, or press closely together; to join firmly; to consolidate; to make close; -- as the parts which compose a body.

Compact (v. t.) To unite or connect firmly, as in a system.

Compact (n.) An agreement between parties; a covenant or contract.

Compacted (a.) Compact; pressed close; concentrated; firmly united.

Compactedly (adv.) In a compact manner.

Compactedness (n.) A state of being compact.

Compacter (n.) One who makes a compact.

Compactible (a.) That may be compacted.

Compaction (n.) The act of making compact, or the state of being compact.

Compactly (adv.) In a compact manner; with close union of parts; densely; tersely.

Compactness (n.) The state or quality of being compact; close union of parts; density.

Compacture (n.) Close union or connection of parts; manner of joining; construction.

Compages (v. t.) A system or structure of many parts united.

Compaginate (v. t.) To unite or hold together; as, the side pieces compaginate the frame.

Compagination (n.) Union of parts; structure.

Companable (a.) Companionable; sociable.

Companator (n.) Same as Impanator.

Companiable (a.) Companionable; sociable.

Companion (n.) One who accompanies or is in company with another for a longer or shorter period, either from choice or casually; one who is much in the company of, or is associated with, another or others; an associate; a comrade; a consort; a partner.

Companion (n.) A knight of the lowest rank in certain orders; as, a companion of the Bath.

Companion (n.) A fellow; -- in contempt.

Companion (n.) A skylight on an upper deck with frames and sashes of various shapes, to admit light to a cabin or lower deck.

Companion (n.) A wooden hood or penthouse covering the companion way; a companion hatch.

Companion (v. t.) To be a companion to; to attend on; to accompany.

Companion (v. t.) To qualify as a companion; to make equal.

Companionable (a.) Fitted to be a companion; fit for good fellowship; agreeable; sociable.

Companionless (a.) Without a companion.

Companionship (n.) Fellowship; association; the act or fact of keeping company with any one.

Companies (pl. ) of Company

Company (n.) The state of being a companion or companions; the act of accompanying; fellowship; companionship; society; friendly intercourse.

Company (n.) A companion or companions.

Company (n.) An assemblage or association of persons, either permanent or transient.

Company (n.) Guests or visitors, in distinction from the members of a family; as, to invite company to dine.

Company (n.) Society, in general; people assembled for social intercourse.

Company (n.) An association of persons for the purpose of carrying on some enterprise or business; a corporation; a firm; as, the East India Company; an insurance company; a joint-stock company.

Company (n.) Partners in a firm whose names are not mentioned in its style or title; -- often abbreviated in writing; as, Hottinguer & Co.

Company (n.) A subdivision of a regiment of troops under the command of a captain, numbering in the United States (full strength) 100 men.

Company (n.) The crew of a ship, including the officers; as, a whole ship's company.

Company (n.) The body of actors employed in a theater or in the production of a play.

Companied (imp. & p. p.) of Company

Companying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Company

Company (v. t.) To accompany or go with; to be companion to.

Company (v. i.) To associate.

Company (v. i.) To be a gay companion.

Company (v. i.) To have sexual commerce.

Comparable (a.) Capable of being compared; worthy of comparison.

Comparate (n.) One of two things compared together.

Comparation (n.) A making ready; provision.

Comparative (a.) Of or pertaining to comparison.

Comparative (a.) Proceeding from, or by the method of, comparison; as, the comparative sciences; the comparative anatomy.

Comparative (a.) Estimated by comparison; relative; not positive or absolute, as compared with another thing or state.

Comparative (a.) Expressing a degree greater or less than the positive degree of the quality denoted by an adjective or adverb. The comparative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -er, more, or less; as, brighter, more bright, or less bright.

Comparative (n.) The comparative degree of adjectives and adverbs; also, the form by which the comparative degree is expressed; as, stronger, wiser, weaker, more stormy, less windy, are all comparatives.

Comparative (n.) An equal; a rival; a compeer.

Comparative (n.) One who makes comparisons; one who affects wit.

Comparatively (adv.) According to estimate made by comparison; relatively; not positively or absolutely.

Comparator (n.) An instrument or machine for comparing anything to be measured with a standard measure; -- applied especially to a machine for comparing standards of length.

Compared (imp. & p. p.) of Compare

Comparing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compare

Compare (v. t.) To examine the character or qualities of, as of two or more persons or things, for the purpose of discovering their resemblances or differences; to bring into comparison; to regard with discriminating attention.

Compare (v. t.) To represent as similar, for the purpose of illustration; to liken.

Compare (v. t.) To inflect according to the degrees of comparison; to state positive, comparative, and superlative forms of; as, most adjectives of one syllable are compared by affixing "- er" and "-est" to the positive form; as, black, blacker, blackest; those of more than one syllable are usually compared by prefixing "more" and "most", or "less" and "least", to the positive; as, beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful.

Compare (v. i.) To be like or equal; to admit, or be worthy of, comparison; as, his later work does not compare with his earlier.

Compare (v. i.) To vie; to assume a likeness or equality.

Compare (n.) Comparison.

Compare (n.) Illustration by comparison; simile.

Compare (v. t.) To get; to procure; to obtain; to acquire

Comparer (n.) One who compares.

Comparison (n.) The act of comparing; an examination of two or more objects with the view of discovering the resemblances or differences; relative estimate.

Comparison (n.) The state of being compared; a relative estimate; also, a state, quality, or relation, admitting of being compared; as, to bring a thing into comparison with another; there is no comparison between them.

Comparison (n.) That to which, or with which, a thing is compared, as being equal or like; illustration; similitude.

Comparison (n.) The modification, by inflection or otherwise, which the adjective and adverb undergo to denote degrees of quality or quantity; as, little, less, least, are examples of comparison.

Comparison (n.) A figure by which one person or thing is compared to another, or the two are considered with regard to some property or quality, which is common to them both; e.g., the lake sparkled like a jewel.

Comparison (n.) The faculty of the reflective group which is supposed to perceive resemblances and contrasts.

Comparison (v. t.) To compare.

Comparted (imp. & p. p.) of Compart

Comparting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compart

Compart (v. t.) To divide; to mark out into parts or subdivisions.

Compartition (n.) The act of dividing into parts or compartments; division; also, a division or compartment.

Compartment (n.) One of the parts into which an inclosed portion of space is divided, as by partitions, or lines; as, the compartments of a cabinet, a house, or a garden.

Compartment (n.) One of the sections into which the hold of a ship is divided by water-tight bulkheads.

Compartner (n.) See Copartner.

Compass (n.) A passing round; circuit; circuitous course.

Compass (n.) An inclosing limit; boundary; circumference; as, within the compass of an encircling wall.

Compass (n.) An inclosed space; an area; extent.

Compass (n.) Extent; reach; sweep; capacity; sphere; as, the compass of his eye; the compass of imagination.

Compass (n.) Moderate bounds, limits of truth; moderation; due limits; -- used with within.

Compass (n.) The range of notes, or tones, within the capacity of a voice or instrument.

Compass (n.) An instrument for determining directions upon the earth's surface by means of a magnetized bar or needle turning freely upon a pivot and pointing in a northerly and southerly direction.

Compass (n.) A pair of compasses.

Compass (n.) A circle; a continent.

Compassed (imp. & p. p.) of Compass

Compassing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compass

Compass (v. t.) To go about or entirely round; to make the circuit of.

Compass (v. t.) To inclose on all sides; to surround; to encircle; to environ; to invest; to besiege; -- used with about, round, around, and round about.

Compass (v. t.) To reach round; to circumvent; to get within one's power; to obtain; to accomplish.

Compass (v. t.) To curve; to bend into a circular form.

Compass (v. t.) To purpose; to intend; to imagine; to plot.

Compassable (a.) Capable of being compassed or accomplished.

Compassed (a.) Rounded; arched.

Compasses (n.) An instrument for describing circles, measuring figures, etc., consisting of two, or (rarely) more, pointed branches, or legs, usually joined at the top by a rivet on which they move.

Compassing (a.) Curved; bent; as, compassing timbers.

Compassion (n.) Literally, suffering with another; a sensation of sorrow excited by the distress or misfortunes of another; pity; commiseration.

Compassion (v. t.) To pity.

Compassionable (a.) Deserving compassion or pity; pitiable.

Compassionate (a.) Having a temper or disposition to pity; sympathetic; merciful.

Compassionate (a.) Complaining; inviting pity; pitiable.

Compassionated (imp. & p. p.) of Compassionate

Compassionating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compassionate

Compassionate (v. t.) To have compassion for; to pity; to commiserate; to sympathize with.

Compassionately (adv.) In a compassionate manner; mercifully.

Compassionateness (n.) The quality or state of being compassionate.

Compassless (a.) Having no compass.

Compaternity (n.) The relation of a godfather to a person.

Compatibility (n.) The quality or power of being compatible or congruous; congruity; as, a compatibility of tempers; a compatibility of properties.

Compatible (a.) Capable of existing in harmony; congruous; suitable; not repugnant; -- usually followed by with.

Compatibleness (n.) Compatibility; consistency; fitness; agreement.

Compatibly (adv.) In a compatible manner.

Compatient (a.) Suffering or enduring together.

Compatriot (n.) One of the same country, and having like interests and feeling.

Compatriot (a.) Of the same country; having a common sentiment of patriotism.

Compatriotism (n.) The condition of being compatriots.

Compear (v. i.) To appear.

Compear (v. i.) To appear in court personally or by attorney.

Compeer () An equal, as in rank, age, prowess, etc.; a companion; a comrade; a mate.

Compeer (v. t.) To be equal with; to match.

Compeer (v. i.) Alt. of Compeir

Compeir (v. i.) See Compear.

Compelled (imp. & p. p.) of Compel

Compelling (p. pr. & vb. n) of Compel

Compel (v. t.) To drive or urge with force, or irresistibly; to force; to constrain; to oblige; to necessitate, either by physical or moral force.

Compel (v. t.) To take by force or violence; to seize; to exact; to extort.

Compel (v. t.) To force to yield; to overpower; to subjugate.

Compel (v. t.) To gather or unite in a crowd or company.

Compel (v. t.) To call forth; to summon.

Compel (v. i.) To make one yield or submit.

Compellable (a.) Capable of being compelled or constrained.

Compellably (adv.) By compulsion.

Compellation (n.) Style of address or salutation; an appellation.

Compellative (n.) The name by which a person is addressed; an appellative.

Compellatory (a.) Serving to compel; compulsory.

Compeller (n.) One who compels or constrains.

Compend (n.) A compendium; an epitome; a summary.

Compendiarious (a.) Short; compendious.

Compendiate (v. t.) To sum or collect together.

Compendious (a.) Containing the substance or general principles of a subject or work in a narrow compass; abridged; summarized.

Compendiously (adv.) In a compendious manner.

Compendiousness (n.) The state or quality of being compendious.

Compendiums (pl. ) of Compendium

Compendia (pl. ) of Compendium

Compendium (n.) A brief compilation or composition, containing the principal heads, or general principles, of a larger work or system; an abridgment; an epitome; a compend; a condensed summary.

Compensated (imp. & p. p.) of Compensate

Compensating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compensate

Compensate (v. t.) To make equal return to; to remunerate; to recompense; to give an equivalent to; to requite suitably; as, to compensate a laborer for his work, or a merchant for his losses.

Compensate (v. t.) To be equivalent in value or effect to; to counterbalance; to make up for; to make amends for.

Compensate (v. i.) To make amends; to supply an equivalent; -- followed by for; as, nothing can compensate for the loss of reputation.

Compensation (n.) The act or principle of compensating.

Compensation (n.) That which constitutes, or is regarded as, an equivalent; that which makes good the lack or variation of something else; that which compensates for loss or privation; amends; remuneration; recompense.

Compensation (n.) The extinction of debts of which two persons are reciprocally debtors by the credits of which they are reciprocally creditors; the payment of a debt by a credit of equal amount; a set-off.

Compensation (n.) A recompense or reward for some loss or service.

Compensation (n.) An equivalent stipulated for in contracts for the sale of real estate, in which it is customary to provide that errors in description, etc., shall not avoid, but shall be the subject of compensation.

Compensative (a.) Affording compensation.

Compensative (n.) Compensation.

Compensator (n.) One who, or that which, compensates; -- a name applied to various mechanical devices.

Compensator (n.) An iron plate or magnet placed near the compass on iron vessels to neutralize the effect of the ship's attraction on the needle.

Compensatory (a.) Serving for compensation; making amends.

Compense (v. t.) To compensate.

Comperendinate (v. t.) To delay.

Compesce (v. t.) To hold in check; to restrain.

Competed (imp. & p. p.) of Compete

Competing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compete

Compete (v. i.) To contend emulously; to seek or strive for the same thing, position, or reward for which another is striving; to contend in rivalry, as for a prize or in business; as, tradesmen compete with one another.

Competence (n.) Alt. of Competency

Competency (n.) The state of being competent; fitness; ability; adequacy; power.

Competency (n.) Property or means sufficient for the necessaries and conveniences of life; sufficiency without excess.

Competency (n.) Legal capacity or qualifications; fitness; as, the competency of a witness or of a evidence.

Competency (n.) Right or authority; legal power or capacity to take cognizance of a cause; as, the competence of a judge or court.

Competent (a.) Answering to all requirements; adequate; sufficient; suitable; capable; legally qualified; fit.

Competent (a.) Rightfully or properly belonging; incident; -- followed by to.

Competently (adv.) In a competent manner; adequately; suitably.

Competible (a.) Compatible; suitable; consistent.

Competition (n.) The act of seeking, or endeavoring to gain, what another is endeavoring to gain at the same time; common strife for the same objects; strife for superiority; emulous contest; rivalry, as for approbation, for a prize, or as where two or more persons are engaged in the same business and each seeking patronage; -- followed by for before the object sought, and with before the person or thing competed with.

Competitive (a.) Of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; competitory; as, a competitive examination.

Competitor (n.) One who seeks what another seeks, or claims what another claims; one who competes; a rival.

Competitor (n.) An associate; a confederate.

Competitory (a.) Acting in competition; competing; rival.

Competitress (n.) A woman who competes.

Competitrix (n.) A competitress.

Compilation (n.) The act or process of compiling or gathering together from various sources.

Compilation (n.) That which is compiled; especially, a book or document composed of materials gathering from other books or documents.

Compilator (n.) Compiler.

Compiled (imp. & p. p.) of Compile

Compiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compile

Compile (v. t.) To put together; to construct; to build.

Compile (v. t.) To contain or comprise.

Compile (v. t.) To put together in a new form out of materials already existing; esp., to put together or compose out of materials from other books or documents.

Compile (v. t.) To write; to compose.

Compilement (n.) Compilation.

Compiler (n.) One who compiles; esp., one who makes books by compilation.

Compinge (v. t.) To compress; to shut up.

Complacence (n.) Alt. of Complacency

Complacency (n.) Calm contentment; satisfaction; gratification.

Complacency (n.) The cause of pleasure or joy.

Complacency (n.) The manifestation of contentment or satisfaction; good nature; kindness; civility; affability.

Complacent (a.) Self-satisfied; contented; kindly; as, a complacent temper; a complacent smile.

Complacential (a.) Marked by, or causing, complacence.

Complacently (adv.) In a complacent manner.

Complained (imp. & p. p.) of Complain

Complaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Complain

Complain (v. i.) To give utterance to expression of grief, pain, censure, regret. etc.; to lament; to murmur; to find fault; -- commonly used with of. Also, to creak or squeak, as a timber or wheel.

Complain (v. i.) To make a formal accusation; to make a charge.

Complain (v. t.) To lament; to bewail.

Complainable (a.) That may be complained of.

Complainant (n.) One who makes complaint.

Complainant (n.) One who commences a legal process by a complaint.

Complainant (n.) The party suing in equity, answering to the plaintiff at common law.

Complainer (n.) One who complains or laments; one who finds fault; a murmurer.

Complaint (n.) Expression of grief, regret, pain, censure, or resentment; lamentation; murmuring; accusation; fault-finding.

Complaint (n.) Cause or subject of complaint or murmuring.

Complaint (n.) An ailment or disease of the body.

Complaint (n.) A formal allegation or charge against a party made or presented to the appropriate court or officer, as for a wrong done or a crime committed (in the latter case, generally under oath); an information; accusation; the initial bill in proceedings in equity.

Complaintful (a.) Full of complaint.

Complaisance (n.) Disposition to please or oblige; obliging compliance with the wishes of others; a deportment indicative of a desire to please; courtesy; civility.

Complaisant (a.) Desirous to please; courteous; obliging; compliant; as, a complaisant gentleman.

Complanar (a.) See Coplanar.

Complanate (v. t.) Flattened to a level surface.

Complanate (v. t.) To make level.

Complected (a.) Complexioned.

Complement (v. t.) That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete.

Complement (v. t.) That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole.

Complement (v. t.) Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness.

Complement (v. t.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity.

Complement (v. t.) Something added for ornamentation; an accessory.

Complement (v. t.) The whole working force of a vessel.

Complement (v. t.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third.

Complement (v. t.) A compliment.

Complement (v. t.) To supply a lack; to supplement.

Complement (v. t.) To compliment.

Complemental (a.) Supplying, or tending to supply, a deficiency; fully completing.

Complemental (a.) Complimentary; courteous.

Complementary (a.) Serving to fill out or to complete; as, complementary numbers.

Complementary (n.) One skilled in compliments.

Complete (a.) Filled up; with no part or element lacking; free from deficiency; entire; perfect; consummate.

Complete (a.) Finished; ended; concluded; completed; as, the edifice is complete.

Complete (a.) Having all the parts or organs which belong to it or to the typical form; having calyx, corolla, stamens, and pistil.

Completed (imp. & p. p.) of Complete

Completing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Complete

Complete (v. t.) To bring to a state in which there is no deficiency; to perfect; to consummate; to accomplish; to fulfill; to finish; as, to complete a task, or a poem; to complete a course of education.

Completely (adv.) In a complete manner; fully.

Completement (n.) Act of completing or perfecting; completion.

Completeness (n.) The state of being complete.

Completion (n.) The act or process of making complete; the getting through to the end; as, the completion of an undertaking, an education, a service.

Completion (n.) State of being complete; fulfillment; accomplishment; realization.

Completive (a.) Making complete.

Completory (a.) Serving to fulfill.

Completory (n.) Same as Compline.

Complex (n.) Composed of two or more parts; composite; not simple; as, a complex being; a complex idea.

Complex (n.) Involving many parts; complicated; intricate.

Complex (n.) Assemblage of related things; collection; complication.

Complexed (a.) Complex, complicated.

Complexedness (n.) The quality or state of being complex or involved; complication.

Complexion (n.) The state of being complex; complexity.

Complexion (n.) A combination; a complex.

Complexion (n.) The bodily constitution; the temperament; habitude, or natural disposition; character; nature.

Complexion (n.) The color or hue of the skin, esp. of the face.

Complexion (n.) The general appearance or aspect; as, the complexion of the sky; the complexion of the news.

Complexional (a.) Of or pertaining to constitutional complexion.

Complexionally (adv.) Constitutionally.

Complexionary (a.) Pertaining to the complexion, or to the care of it.

Complexioned (a.) Having (such) a complexion; -- used in composition; as, a dark-complexioned or a ruddy-complexioned person.

Complexities (pl. ) of Complexity

Complexity (n.) The state of being complex; intricacy; entanglement.

Complexity (n.) That which is complex; intricacy; complication.

Complexly (adv.) In a complex manner; not simply.

Complexness (n.) The state of being complex; complexity.

Complexus (n.) A complex; an aggregate of parts; a complication.

Compliable (a.) Capable of bending or yielding; apt to yield; compliant.

Compliance (n.) The act of complying; a yielding; as to a desire, demand, or proposal; concession; submission.

Compliance (n.) A disposition to yield to others; complaisance.

Compliancy (n.) Compliance; disposition to yield to others.

Compliant (a.) Yielding; bending; pliant; submissive.

Compliantly (adv.) In a compliant manner.

Complicacy (n.) A state of being complicate or intricate.

Complicant (a.) Overlapping, as the elytra of certain beetles.

Complicate (a.) Composed of two or more parts united; complex; complicated; involved.

Complicate (a.) Folded together, or upon itself, with the fold running lengthwise.

Complicated (imp. & p. p.) of Complicate

Complicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Complicate

Complicate (v. t.) To fold or twist together; to combine intricately; to make complex; to combine or associate so as to make intricate or difficult.

Complicately (adv.) In a complex manner.

Complicateness (n.) Complexity.

Complication (n.) The act or process of complicating; the state of being complicated; intricate or confused relation of parts; entanglement; complexity.

Complication (n.) A disease or diseases, or adventitious circumstances or conditions, coexistent with and modifying a primary disease, but not necessarily connected with it.

Complices (pl. ) of Complice

Complice (n.) An accomplice.

Complicities (pl. ) of Complicity

Complicity (n.) The state of being an accomplice; participation in guilt.

Complier (n.) One who complies, yields, or obeys; one of an easy, yielding temper.

Compliment (n.) An expression, by word or act, of approbation, regard, confidence, civility, or admiration; a flattering speech or attention; a ceremonious greeting; as, to send one's compliments to a friend.

Compliment (v. t.) To praise, flatter, or gratify, by expressions of approbation, respect, or congratulation; to make or pay a compliment to.

Compliment (v. i.) To pass compliments; to use conventional expressions of respect.

Complimental (a.) Complimentary.

Complimentary (a.) Expressive of regard or praise; of the nature of, or containing, a compliment; as, a complimentary remark; a complimentary ticket.

Complimentative (a.) Complimentary.

Complimenter (n.) One who compliments; one given to complimenting; a flatterer.

Compline (n.) Alt. of Complin

Complin (n.) The last division of the Roman Catholic breviary; the seventh and last of the canonical hours of the Western church; the last prayer of the day, to be said after sunset.

Complot (n.) A plotting together; a confederacy in some evil design; a conspiracy.

Complotted (imp. & p. p.) of Complot

Complotting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Complot

Complot (v. t. & i.) To plot or plan together; to conspire; to join in a secret design.

Complotment (n.) A plotting together.

Complotter (n.) One joined in a plot.

Complutensian (a.) Of or pertaining to Complutum (now Alcala de Henares) a city near Madrid; as, the Complutensian Bible.

Compluvium (n.) A space left unroofed over the court of a Roman dwelling, through which the rain fell into the impluvium or cistern.

Complied (imp. & p. p.) of Comply

Complying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comply

Comply (v. i.) To yield assent; to accord; agree, or acquiesce; to adapt one's self; to consent or conform; -- usually followed by with.

Comply (v. i.) To be ceremoniously courteous; to make one's compliments.

Comply (v. i.) To fulfill; to accomplish.

Comply (v. i.) To infold; to embrace.

Compone (v. t.) To compose; to settle; to arrange.

Compone (a.) See Compony.

Component (v. t.) Serving, or helping, to form; composing; constituting; constituent.

Component (n.) A constituent part; an ingredient.

Compony (a.) Alt. of Compone

Compone (a.) Divided into squares of alternate tinctures in a single row; -- said of any bearing; or, in the case of a bearing having curved lines, divided into patches of alternate colors following the curve. If there are two rows it is called counter-compony.

Comported (imp. & p. p.) of Comport

Comporting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comport

Comport (v. i.) To bear or endure; to put up (with); as, to comport with an injury.

Comport (v. i.) To agree; to accord; to suit; -- sometimes followed by with.

Comport (v. t.) To bear; to endure; to brook; to put with.

Comport (v. t.) To carry; to conduct; -- with a reflexive pronoun.

Comport (n.) Manner of acting; behavior; conduct; deportment.

Comportable (a.) Suitable; consistent.

Comportance (n.) Behavior; comport.

Comportation (n.) A bringing together.

Comportment (n.) Manner of acting; behavior; bearing.

Composed (imp. & p. p.) of Compose

Composing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compose

Compose (v. t.) To form by putting together two or more things or parts; to put together; to make up; to fashion.

Compose (v. t.) To form the substance of, or part of the substance of; to constitute.

Compose (v. t.) To construct by mental labor; to design and execute, or put together, in a manner involving the adaptation of forms of expression to ideas, or to the laws of harmony or proportion; as, to compose a sentence, a sermon, a symphony, or a picture.

Compose (v. t.) To dispose in proper form; to reduce to order; to put in proper state or condition; to adjust; to regulate.

Compose (v. t.) To free from agitation or disturbance; to tranquilize; to soothe; to calm; to quiet.

Compose (v. t.) To arrange (types) in a composing stick in order for printing; to set (type).

Compose (v. i.) To come to terms.

Composed (a.) Free from agitation; calm; sedate; quiet; tranquil; self-possessed.

Composer (n.) One who composes; an author. Specifically, an author of a piece of music.

Composer (n.) One who, or that which, quiets or calms; one who adjusts a difference.

Composing (a.) Tending to compose or soothe.

Composing (a.) Pertaining to, or used in, composition.

Compositae (n. pl.) A large family of dicotyledonous plants, having their flowers arranged in dense heads of many small florets and their anthers united in a tube. The daisy, dandelion, and asters, are examples.

Composite (v. t.) Made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded; as, a composite language.

Composite (v. t.) Belonging to a certain order which is composed of the Ionic order grafted upon the Corinthian. It is called also the Roman or the Italic order, and is one of the five orders recognized by the Italian writers of the sixteenth century. See Capital.

Composite (v. t.) Belonging to the order Compositae; bearing involucrate heads of many small florets, as the daisy, thistle, and dandelion.

Composite (n.) That which is made up of parts or compounded of several elements; composition; combination; compound.

Composition (n.) The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients.

Composition (n.) The invention or combination of the parts of any literary work or discourse, or of a work of art; as, the composition of a poem or a piece of music.

Composition (n.) The art or practice of so combining the different parts of a work of art as to produce a harmonious whole; also, a work of art considered as such. See 4, below.

Composition (n.) The act of writing for practice in a language, as English, Latin, German, etc.

Composition (n.) The setting up of type and arranging it for printing.

Composition (n.) The state of being put together or composed; conjunction; combination; adjustment.

Composition (n.) A mass or body formed by combining two or more substances; as, a chemical composition.

Composition (n.) A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially one showing study and care in arrangement; -- often used of an elementary essay or translation done as an educational exercise.

Composition (n.) Consistency; accord; congruity.

Composition (n.) Mutual agreement to terms or conditions for the settlement of a difference or controversy; also, the terms or conditions of settlement; agreement.

Composition (n.) The adjustment of a debt, or avoidance of an obligation, by some form of compensation agreed on between the parties; also, the sum or amount of compensation agreed upon in the adjustment.

Composition (n.) Synthesis as opposed to analysis.

Compositive (a.) Having the quality of entering into composition; compounded.

Compositor (n.) One who composes or sets in order.

Compositor (n.) One who sets type and arranges it for use.

Compositous (a.) Belonging to the Compositae; composite.

Compossible (a.) Able to exist with another thing; consistent.

Compost (n.) A mixture; a compound.

Compost (n.) A mixture for fertilizing land; esp., a composition of various substances (as muck, mold, lime, and stable manure) thoroughly mingled and decomposed, as in a compost heap.

Compost (v. t.) To manure with compost.

Compost (v. t.) To mingle, as different fertilizing substances, in a mass where they will decompose and form into a compost.

Composture (n.) Manure; compost.

Composure (n.) The act of composing, or that which is composed; a composition.

Composure (n.) Orderly adjustment; disposition.

Composure (n.) Frame; make; temperament.

Composure (n.) A settled state; calmness; sedateness; tranquillity; repose.

Composure (n.) A combination; a union; a bond.

Compotation (n.) The act of drinking or tippling together.

Compotator (n.) One who drinks with another.

Compote (n.) A preparation of fruit in sirup in such a manner as to preserve its form, either whole, halved, or quartered; as, a compote of pears.

Compound (n.) In the East Indies, an inclosure containing a house, outbuildings, etc.

Compounded (imp. & p. p.) of Compound

Compounding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compound

Compound (v. t.) To form or make by combining different elements, ingredients, or parts; as, to compound a medicine.

Compound (v. t.) To put together, as elements, ingredients, or parts, in order to form a whole; to combine, mix, or unite.

Compound (v. t.) To modify or change by combination with some other thing or part; to mingle with something else.

Compound (v. t.) To compose; to constitute.

Compound (v. t.) To settle amicably; to adjust by agreement; to compromise; to discharge from obligation upon terms different from those which were stipulated; as, to compound a debt.

Compound (v. i.) To effect a composition; to come to terms of agreement; to agree; to settle by a compromise; -- usually followed by with before the person participating, and for before the thing compounded or the consideration.

Compound (v. t.) Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts; produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or things; composite; as, a compound word.

Compound (n.) That which is compounded or formed by the union or mixture of elements ingredients, or parts; a combination of simples; a compound word; the result of composition.

Compound (n.) A union of two or more ingredients in definite proportions by weight, so combined as to form a distinct substance; as, water is a compound of oxygen and hydrogen.

Compoundable (a.) That may be compounded.

Compounder (n.) One who, or that which, compounds or mixes; as, a compounder of medicines.

Compounder (n.) One who attempts to bring persons or parties to terms of agreement, or to accomplish, ends by compromises.

Compounder (n.) One who compounds a debt, obligation, or crime.

Compounder (n.) One at a university who pays extraordinary fees for the degree he is to take.

Compounder (n.) A Jacobite who favored the restoration of James II, on condition of a general amnesty and of guarantees for the security of the civil and ecclesiastical constitution of the realm.

Comprador (n.) A kind of steward or agent.

Comprecation (n.) A praying together.

Comprehended (imp. & p. p.) of Comprehend

Comprehending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comprehend

Comprehend (v. t.) To contain; to embrace; to include; as, the states comprehended in the Austrian Empire.

Comprehend (v. t.) To take in or include by construction or implication; to comprise; to imply.

Comprehend (v. t.) To take into the mind; to grasp with the understanding; to apprehend the meaning of; to understand.

Comprehensibility (n.) The quality or state of being comprehensible; capability of being understood.

Comprehensible (a.) Capable of being comprehended, included, or comprised.

Comprehensible (a.) Capable of being understood; intelligible; conceivable by the mind.

Comprehensibleness (n.) The quality of being comprehensible; comprehensibility.

Comprehensibly (adv.) With great extent of signification; comprehensively.

Comprehensibly (adv.) Intelligibly; in a manner to be comprehended or understood.

Comprehension (n.) The act of comprehending, containing, or comprising; inclusion.

Comprehension (n.) That which is comprehended or inclosed within narrow limits; a summary; an epitome.

Comprehension (n.) The capacity of the mind to perceive and understand; the power, act, or process of grasping with the intellect; perception; understanding; as, a comprehension of abstract principles.

Comprehension (n.) The complement of attributes which make up the notion signified by a general term.

Comprehension (n.) A figure by which the name of a whole is put for a part, or that of a part for a whole, or a definite number for an indefinite.

Comprehensive (a.) Including much; comprising many things; having a wide scope or a full view.

Comprehensive (a.) Having the power to comprehend or understand many things.

Comprehensive (a.) Possessing peculiarities that are characteristic of several diverse groups.

Comprehensively (adv.) In a comprehensive manner; with great extent of scope.

Comprehensiveness (n.) The quality of being comprehensive; extensiveness of scope.

Comprehensor (n.) One who comprehends; one who has attained to a full knowledge.

Compressed (imp. & p. p.) of Compress

Compressing (p. pr & vb. n.) of Compress

Compress (v. t.) To press or squeeze together; to force into a narrower compass; to reduce the volume of by pressure; to compact; to condense; as, to compress air or water.

Compress (v. t.) To embrace sexually.

Compress (n.) A folded piece of cloth, pledget of lint, etc., used to cover the dressing of wounds, and so placed as, by the aid of a bandage, to make due pressure on any part.

Compressed (a.) Pressed together; compacted; reduced in volume by pressure.

Compressed (a.) Flattened lengthwise.

Compressibility (n.) The quality of being compressible of being compressible; as, the compressibility of elastic fluids.

Compressible (a.) Capable of being pressed together or forced into a narrower compass, as an elastic or spongy substance.

Compressibleness (n.) The quality of being compressible; compressibility.

Compression (n.) The act of compressing, or state of being compressed.

Compressive (a.) Compressing, or having power or tendency to compress; as, a compressive force.

Compressor (n.) Anything which serves to compress

Compressor (n.) A muscle that compresses certain parts.

Compressor (n.) An instrument for compressing an artery (esp., the femoral artery) or other part.

Compressor (n.) An apparatus for confining or flattening between glass plates an object to be examined with the microscope; -- called also compressorium.

Compressor (n.) A machine for compressing gases; especially, an air compressor.

Compressure (n.) Compression.

Comprint (v. t. & i.) To print together.

Comprint (v. t. & i.) To print surreptitiously a work belonging to another.

Comprint (n.) The surreptitious printing of another's copy or book; a work thus printed.

Comprisal (n.) The act of comprising or comprehending; a compendium or epitome.

Comprised (imp. & p. p.) of Comprise

Comprising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Comprise

Comprise (v. t.) To comprehend; to include.

Comprobate (v. i.) To agree; to concur.

Comprobation (n.) Joint attestation; proof.

Comprobation (n.) Approbation.

Compromise (n.) A mutual agreement to refer matters in dispute to the decision of arbitrators.

Compromise (n.) A settlement by arbitration or by mutual consent reached by concession on both sides; a reciprocal abatement of extreme demands or rights, resulting in an agreement.

Compromise (n.) A committal to something derogatory or objectionable; a prejudicial concession; a surrender; as, a compromise of character or right.

Compromised (imp. & p. p.) of Compromise

Compromising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compromise

Compromise (n.) To bind by mutual agreement; to agree.

Compromise (n.) To adjust and settle by mutual concessions; to compound.

Compromise (n.) To pledge by some act or declaration; to endanger the life, reputation, etc., of, by some act which can not be recalled; to expose to suspicion.

Compromise (v. i.) To agree; to accord.

Compromise (v. i.) To make concession for conciliation and peace.

Compromiser (n.) One who compromises.

Compromissorial (a.) Relating to compromise.

Compromitted (imp. & p. p.) of Compromit

Compromitting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compromit

Compromit (n.) To pledge by some act or declaration; to promise.

Compromit (n.) To put to hazard, by some indiscretion; to endanger; to compromise; as, to compromit the honor or the safety of a nation.

Comprovincial (a.) Belonging to, or associated in, the same province.

Comprovincial (n.) One who belongs to the same province.

Compsognathus (n.) A genus of Dinosauria found in the Jurassic formation, and remarkable for having several birdlike features.

Compt (n.) Account; reckoning; computation.

Compt (v. t.) To compute; to count.

Compt (a.) Neat; spruce.

Compter (n.) A counter.

Compte rendu () A report of an officer or agent.

Comptible (v. t.) Accountable; responsible; sensitive.

Comptly (adv.) Neatly.

Comptrol (n. & v.) See Control.

Comptroler (n.) A controller; a public officer whose duty it is to examine certify accounts.

Compulsative (a.) Compulsatory.

Compulsatively (adv.) By compulsion.

Compulsatory (a.) Operating with force; compelling; forcing; constraining; resulting from, or enforced by, compulsion.

Compulsion (n.) The act of compelling, or the state of being compelled; the act of driving or urging by force or by physical or moral constraint; subjection to force.

Compulsive (a.) Having power to compel; exercising or applying compulsion.

Compulsively (adv.) By compulsion; by force.

Compulsorily (adv.) In a compulsory manner; by force or constraint.

Compulsory (a.) Having the power of compulsion; constraining.

Compulsory (a.) Obligatory; enjoined by authority; necessary; due to compulsion.

Compunct (a.) Affected with compunction; conscience-stricken.

Compunction (n.) A pricking; stimulation.

Compunction (n.) A picking of heart; poignant grief proceeding from a sense of guilt or consciousness of causing pain; the sting of conscience.

Compunctionless (a.) Without compunction.

Compunctious (a.) Of the nature of compunction; caused by conscience; attended with, or causing, compunction.

Compunctiously (adv.) With compunction.

Compunctive (a.) Sensitive in respect of wrongdoing; conscientious.

Compurgation (v. t.) The act or practice of justifying or confirming a man's veracity by the oath of others; -- called also wager of law. See Purgation; also Wager of law, under Wager.

Compurgation (v. t.) Exculpation by testimony to one's veracity or innocence.

Compurgator (n.) One who bears testimony or swears to the veracity or innocence of another. See Purgation; also Wager of law, under Wager.

Compurgatorial (a.) Relating to a compurgator or to compurgation.

Computable (a.) Capable of being computed, numbered, or reckoned.

Computation (n.) The act or process of computing; calculation; reckoning.

Computation (n.) The result of computation; the amount computed.

Computed (imp. & p. p.) of Compute

Computing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Compute

Compute (v. t.) To determine calculation; to reckon; to count.

Compute (n.) Computation.

Computer (n.) One who computes.

Computist (n.) A computer.

Comrade (n.) A mate, companion, or associate.

Comradery (n.) The spirit of comradeship; comradeship.

Comradeship (n.) The state of being a comrade; intimate fellowship.

Comrogue (n.) A fellow rogue.

Comtism (n.) Positivism; the positive philosophy. See Positivism.

Comtist (n.) A disciple of Comte; a positivist.

Con- () A prefix, fr. L. cum, signifying with, together, etc. See Com-.

Con (adv.) Against the affirmative side; in opposition; on the negative side; -- The antithesis of pro, and usually in connection with it. See Pro.

Conned (imp. & p. p.) of Con

Conning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Con

Con (v. t.) To know; to understand; to acknowledge.

Con (v. t.) To study in order to know; to peruse; to learn; to commit to memory; to regard studiously.

Con (v. t.) To conduct, or superintend the steering of (a vessel); to watch the course of (a vessel) and direct the helmsman how to steer.

Conacre (v. t.) To underlet a portion of, for a single crop; -- said of a farm.

Conacre (n.) A system of letting a portion of a farm for a single crop.

Conacre (n.) Also used adjectively; as, the conacre system or principle.

Conarium (n.) The pineal gland.

Conation (n.) The power or act which directs or impels to effort of any kind, whether muscular or psychical.

Conative (a.) Of or pertaining to conation.

Conatus (n.) A natural tendency inherent in a body to develop itself; an attempt; an effort.

Concamerate (v. t.) To arch over; to vault.

Concamerate (v. t.) To divide into chambers or cells.

Concameration (n.) An arch or vault.

Concameration (n.) A chamber of a multilocular shell.

Concatenated (imp. & p. p.) of Concatenate

Concatenating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concatenate

Concatenate (v. t.) To link together; to unite in a series or chain, as things depending on one another.

Concatenation (n.) A series of links united; a series or order of things depending on each other, as if linked together; a chain, a succession.

Concause (n.) A joint cause.

Concavation (n.) The act of making concave.

Concave (a.) Hollow and curved or rounded; vaulted; -- said of the interior of a curved surface or line, as of the curve of the of the inner surface of an eggshell, in opposition to convex; as, a concave mirror; the concave arch of the sky.

Concave (a.) Hollow; void of contents.

Concave (n.) A hollow; an arched vault; a cavity; a recess.

Concave (n.) A curved sheath or breasting for a revolving cylinder or roll.

Concaved (imp. & p. p.) of Concave

Concaving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concave

Concave (v. t.) To make hollow or concave.

Concaved (a.) Bowed in the form of an arch; -- called also arched.

Concaveness (n.) Hollowness; concavity.

Concavities (pl. ) of Concavity

Concavity (n.) A concave surface, or the space bounded by it; the state of being concave.

Concavo-concave (a.) Concave or hollow on both sides; double concave.

Concavo-convex (a.) Concave on one side and convex on the other, as an eggshell or a crescent.

Concavo-convex (a.) Specifically, having such a combination of concave and convex sides as makes the focal axis the shortest line between them. See Illust. under Lens.

Concavous (a.) Concave.

Concealed (imp. & p. p.) of Conceal

Concealing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Conceal

Conceal (v. t.) To hide or withdraw from observation; to cover; to cover or keep from sight; to prevent the discovery of; to withhold knowledge of.

Concealable (a.) Capable of being concealed.

Concealed (a.) Hidden; kept from sight; secreted.

Concealer (n.) One who conceals.

Concealment (n.) The act of concealing; the state of being concealed.

Concealment (n.) A place of hiding; a secret place; a retreat frem observation.

Concealment (n.) A secret; out of the way knowledge.

Concealment (n.) Suppression of such facts and circumstances as in justice ought to be made known.

Conceded (imp. & p. p.) of Concede

Conceding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concede

Concede (v. t.) To yield or suffer; to surrender; to grant; as, to concede the point in question.

Concede (v. t.) To grant, as a right or privilege; to make concession of.

Concede (v. t.) To admit to be true; to acknowledge.

Concede (v. i.) To yield or make concession.

Conceit (n.) That which is conceived, imagined, or formed in the mind; idea; thought; image; conception.

Conceit (n.) Faculty of conceiving ideas; mental faculty; apprehension; as, a man of quick conceit.

Conceit (n.) Quickness of apprehension; active imagination; lively fancy.

Conceit (n.) A fanciful, odd, or extravagant notion; a quant fancy; an unnatural or affected conception; a witty thought or turn of expression; a fanciful device; a whim; a quip.

Conceit (n.) An overweening idea of one's self; vanity.

Conceit (n.) Design; pattern.

Conceit (v. t.) To conceive; to imagine.

Conceit (v. i.) To form an idea; to think.

Conceited (a.) Endowed with fancy or imagination.

Conceited (a.) Entertaining a flattering opinion of one's self; vain.

Conceited (a.) Curiously contrived or designed; fanciful.

Conceitedly (adv.) In an egotistical manner.

Conceitedly (adv.) Fancifully; whimsically.

Conceitedness (n.) The state of being conceited; conceit; vanity.

Conceitless (a.) Without wit; stupid.

Conceivable (a.) Capable of being conceived, imagined, or understood.

Conceived (imp. & p. p.) of Conceive

Conceiving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Conceive

Conceive (v. t.) To receive into the womb and begin to breed; to begin the formation of the embryo of.

Conceive (v. t.) To form in the mind; to plan; to devise; to generate; to originate; as, to conceive a purpose, plan, hope.

Conceive (v. t.) To apprehend by reason or imagination; to take into the mind; to know; to imagine; to comprehend; to understand.

Conceive (v. i.) To have an embryo or fetus formed in the womb; to breed; to become pregnant.

Conceive (v. i.) To have a conception, idea, or opinion; think; -- with of.

Conceiver (n.) One who conceives.

Concelebrate (v. t.) To celebrate together.

Concent (n.) Concert of voices; concord of sounds; harmony; as, a concent of notes.

Concent (n.) Consistency; accordance.

Concentered (imp. & p. p.) of Concentre

Concentred () of Concentre

Concentering (p. pr & vb. n.) of Concentre

Concentring () of Concentre

Concenter (v. i.) Alt. of Concentre

Concentre (v. i.) To come to one point; to meet in, or converge toward, a common center; to have a common center.

Concenter (v. t.) Alt. of Concentre

Concentre (v. t.) To draw or direct to a common center; to bring together at a focus or point, as two or more lines; to concentrate.

Concentrated (imp. & p. p.) of Concentrate

Concentrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concentrate

Concentrate (v. t.) To bring to, or direct toward, a common center; to unite more closely; to gather into one body, mass, or force; to fix; as, to concentrate rays of light into a focus; to concentrate the attention.

Concentrate (v. t.) To increase the strength and diminish the bulk of, as of a liquid or an ore; to intensify, by getting rid of useless material; to condense; as, to concentrate acid by evaporation; to concentrate by washing; -- opposed to dilute.

Concentrate (v. i.) To approach or meet in a common center; to consolidate; as, population tends to concentrate in cities.

Concentration (n.) The act or process of concentrating; the process of becoming concentrated, or the state of being concentrated; concentration.

Concentration (n.) The act or process of reducing the volume of a liquid, as by evaporation.

Concentration (n.) The act or process of removing the dress of ore and of reducing the valuable part to smaller compass, as by currents of air or water.

Concentrative (a.) Serving or tending to concentrate; characterized by concentration.

Concentrativeness (n.) The quality of concentrating.

Concentrativeness (n.) The faculty or propensity which has to do with concentrating the intellectual the intellectual powers.

Concentrator (n.) An apparatus for the separation of dry comminuted ore, by exposing it to intermittent puffs of air.

Concentric (a.) Alt. of Concentrical

Concentrical (a.) Having a common center, as circles of different size, one within another.

Concentric (n.) That which has a common center with something else.

Concentrically (adv.) In a concentric manner.

Concentricity (n.) The state of being concentric.

Concentual (a.) Possessing harmony; accordant.

Concept (n.) An abstract general conception; a notion; a universal.

Conceptacle (n.) That in which anything is contained; a vessel; a receiver or receptacle.

Conceptacle (n.) A pericarp, opening longitudinally on one side and having the seeds loose in it; a follicle; a double follicle or pair of follicles.

Conceptacle (n.) One of the cases containing the spores, etc., of flowerless plants, especially of algae.

Conceptibility (n.) The quality of being conceivable; conceivableness.

Conceptible (a.) Capable of being conceived; conceivable.

Conception (n.) The act of conceiving in the womb; the initiation of an embryonic animal life.

Conception (n.) The state of being conceived; beginning.

Conception (n.) The power or faculty of apprehending of forming an idea in the mind; the power of recalling a past sensation or perception.

Conception (n.) The formation in the mind of an image, idea, or notion, apprehension.

Conception (n.) The image, idea, or notion of any action or thing which is formed in the mind; a concept; a notion; a universal; the product of a rational belief or judgment. See Concept.

Conception (n.) Idea; purpose; design.

Conception (n.) Conceit; affected sentiment or thought.

Conceptional (a.) Pertaining to conception.

Conceptionalist (n.) A conceptualist.

Conceptious (a.) Apt to conceive; fruitful.

Conceptive (a.) Capable of conceiving.

Conceptual (a.) Pertaining to conception.

Conceptualism (n.) A theory, intermediate between realism and nominalism, that the mind has the power of forming for itself general conceptions of individual or single objects.

Conceptualist (n.) One who maintains the theory of conceptualism.

Concerned (imp. & p. p.) of Concern

Concerning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concern

Concern (v. t.) To relate or belong to; to have reference to or connection with; to affect the interest of; to be of importance to.

Concern (v. t.) To engage by feeling or sentiment; to interest; as, a good prince concerns himself in the happiness of his subjects.

Concern (v. i.) To be of importance.

Concern (n.) That which relates or belongs to one; business; affair.

Concern (n.) That which affects the welfare or happiness; interest; moment.

Concern (n.) Interest in, or care for, any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety.

Concern (n.) Persons connected in business; a firm and its business; as, a banking concern.

Concerned (v. t.) Disturbed; troubled; solicitous; as, to be much concerned for the safety of a friend.

Concernedly (adv.) In a concerned manner; solicitously; sympathetically.

Concerning (prep.) Pertaining to; regarding; having relation to; respecting; as regards.

Concerning (a.) Important.

Concerning (n.) That in which one is concerned or interested; concern; affair; interest.

Concerning (n.) Importance; moment; consequence.

Concerning (n.) Concern; participation; interposition.

Concerning (n.) Emotion of mind; solicitude; anxiety.

Concerted (imp. & p. p.) of Concert

Concerting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concert

Concert (v. t.) To plan together; to settle or adjust by conference, agreement, or consultation.

Concert (v. t.) To plan; to devise; to arrange.

Concert (v. i.) To act in harmony or conjunction; to form combined plans.

Concert (v. t.) Agreement in a design or plan; union formed by mutual communication of opinions and views; accordance in a scheme; harmony; simultaneous action.

Concert (v. t.) Musical accordance or harmony; concord.

Concert (v. t.) A musical entertainment in which several voices or instruments take part.

Concertante (n.) A concert for two or more principal instruments, with orchestral accompaniment. Also adjectively; as, concertante parts.

Concertation (n.) Strife; contention.

Concertative (a.) Contentious; quarrelsome.

Concerted (a.) Mutually contrived or planned; agreed on; as, concerted schemes, signals.

Concertina (n.) A small musical instrument on the principle of the accordion. It is a small elastic box, or bellows, having free reeds on the inside, and keys and handles on the outside of each of the two hexagonal heads.

Concertino (n.) A piece for one or more solo instruments with orchestra; -- more concise than the concerto.

Concertion (n.) Act of concerting; adjustment.

Concertmeister (n.) The head violinist or leader of the strings in an orchestra; the sub-leader of the orchestra; concert master.

Concertos (pl. ) of Concerto

Concerto (n.) A composition (usually in symphonic form with three movements) in which one instrument (or two or three) stands out in bold relief against the orchestra, or accompaniment, so as to display its qualities or the performer's skill.

Concession (n.) The act of conceding or yielding; usually implying a demand, claim, or request, and thus distinguished from giving, which is voluntary or spontaneous.

Concession (n.) A thing yielded; an acknowledgment or admission; a boon; a grant; esp. a grant by government of a privilege or right to do something; as, a concession to build a canal.

Concessionist (n.) One who favors concession.

Concessive (a.) Implying concession; as, a concessive conjunction.

Concessively (adv.) By way of concession.

Concessory (a.) Conceding; permissive.

Concettism (n.) The use of concetti or affected conceits.

Concetti (pl. ) of Concetto

Concetto (n.) Affected wit; a conceit.

Conch (n.) A name applied to various marine univalve shells; esp. to those of the genus Strombus, which are of large size. S. gigas is the large pink West Indian conch. The large king, queen, and cameo conchs are of the genus Cassis. See Cameo.

Conch (n.) In works of art, the shell used by Tritons as a trumpet.

Conch (n.) One of the white natives of the Bahama Islands or one of their descendants in the Florida Keys; -- so called from the commonness of the conch there, or because they use it for food.

Conch (n.) See Concha, n.

Conch (n.) The external ear. See Concha, n., 2.

Concha (n.) The plain semidome of an apse; sometimes used for the entire apse.

Concha (n.) The external ear; esp. the largest and deepest concavity of the external ear, surrounding the entrance to the auditory canal.

Conchal (a.) Pertaining to the concha, or external ear; as, the conchal cartilage.

Conchifer (n.) One of the Conchifera.

Conchifera (n. pl.) That class of Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells; the Lamellibranchiata. See Mollusca.

Conchiferous (a.) Producing or having shells.

Conchiform (a.) Shaped like one half of a bivalve shell; shell-shaped.

Conchinine (n.) See Quinidine.

Conchite (n.) A fossil or petrified conch or shell.

Conchitic (a.) Composed of shells; containing many shells.

Conchoid (n.) A curve, of the fourth degree, first made use of by the Greek geometer, Nicomedes, who invented it for the purpose of trisecting an angle and duplicating the cube.

Conchoidal (a.) Having elevations or depressions in form like one half of a bivalve shell; -- applied principally to a surface produced by fracture.

Conchological (a.) Pertaining to, or connected with, conchology.

Conchologist (n.) One who studies, or is versed in, conchology.

Conchology (n.) The science of Mollusca, and of the shells which they form; malacology.

Conchometer (n.) An instrument for measuring shells, or the angle of their spire.

Conchometry (n.) The art of measuring shells or their curves; conchyliometry.

Concho-spiral (n.) A kind of spiral curve found in certain univalve shells.

Conchylaceous (a.) Alt. of Conchyliaceous

Conchyliaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to shells; resembling a shell; as, conchyliaceous impressions.

Conchyliologist (n.) Alt. of Conchyliology

Conchyliology (n.) See Conchologist, and Conchology.

Conchyliometry (n.) Same as Conchometry.

Conchylious (a.) Conchylaceous.

Conciator (a.) The person who weighs and proportions the materials to be made into glass, and who works and tempers them.

Concierge (n.) One who keeps the entrance to an edifice, public or private; a doorkeeper; a janitor, male or female.

Conciliable (n.) A small or private assembly, especially of an ecclesiastical nature.

Conciliable (a.) Capable of being conciliated or reconciled.

Conciliabule (n.) An obscure ecclesiastical council; a conciliable.

Conciliar (a.) Alt. of Conciliary

Conciliary (a.) Of or pertaining to, or issued by, a council.

Conciliated (imp. & p. p.) of Conciliate

Conciliating (p. pr & vb. n.) of Conciliate

Conciliate (v. t.) To win ower; to gain from a state of hostility; to gain the good will or favor of; to make friendly; to mollify; to propitiate; to appease.

Conciliation (n.) The act or process of conciliating; the state of being conciliated.

Conciliative (a.) Conciliatory.

Conciliator (n.) One who conciliates.

Conciliatory (a.) Tending to conciliate; pacific; mollifying; propitiating.

Concinnate (v. t.) To place fitly together; to adapt; to clear.

Concinnity (n.) Internal harmony or fitness; mutual adaptation of parts; elegance; -- used chiefly of style of discourse.

Concinnous (a.) Characterized by concinnity; neat; elegant.

Concionate (v. i.) To preach.

Concionator (n.) An haranguer of the people; a preacher.

Concionator (n.) A common councilman.

Concionatory (a.) Of or pertaining to preaching or public addresses.

Concise (a.) Expressing much in a few words; condensed; brief and compacted; -- used of style in writing or speaking.

Concisely (adv.) In a concise manner; briefly.

Conciseness (n.) The quality of being concise.

Concision (n.) A cutting off; a division; a schism; a faction.

Concitation (n.) The act of stirring up, exciting, or agitating.

Concite (v. t.) To excite or stir up.

Conclamation (n.) An outcry or shout of many together.

Conclave (n.) The set of apartments within which the cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church are continuously secluded while engaged in choosing a pope.

Conclave (n.) The body of cardinals shut up in the conclave for the election of a pope; hence, the body of cardinals.

Conclave (n.) A private meeting; a close or secret assembly.

Conclavist (n.) One of the two ecclesiastics allowed to attend a cardinal in the conclave.

Concluded (imp. & p. p.) of Conclude

Concluding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Conclude

Conclude (v. t.) To shut up; to inclose.

Conclude (v. t.) To include; to comprehend; to shut up together; to embrace.

Conclude (v. t.) To reach as an end of reasoning; to infer, as from premises; to close, as an argument, by inferring; -- sometimes followed by a dependent clause.

Conclude (v. t.) To make a final determination or judgment concerning; to judge; to decide.

Conclude (v. t.) To bring to an end; to close; to finish.

Conclude (v. t.) To bring about as a result; to effect; to make; as, to conclude a bargain.

Conclude (v. t.) To shut off; to restrain; to limit; to estop; to bar; -- generally in the passive; as, the defendant is concluded by his own plea; a judgment concludes the introduction of further evidence argument.

Conclude (v. i.) To come to a termination; to make an end; to close; to end; to terminate.

Conclude (v. i.) To form a final judgment; to reach a decision.

Concludency (n.) Deduction from premises; inference; conclusion.

Concludent (a.) Bringing to a close; decisive; conclusive.

Concluder (n.) One who concludes.

Concludingly (adv.) Conclusively.

Conclusible (a.) Demonstrable; determinable.

Conclusion (n.) The last part of anything; close; termination; end.

Conclusion (n.) Final decision; determination; result.

Conclusion (n.) Any inference or result of reasoning.

Conclusion (n.) The inferred proposition of a syllogism; the necessary consequence of the conditions asserted in two related propositions called premises. See Syllogism.

Conclusion (n.) Drawing of inferences.

Conclusion (n.) An experiment, or something from which a conclusion may be drawn.

Conclusion (n.) The end or close of a pleading, e.g., the formal ending of an indictment, "against the peace," etc.

Conclusion (n.) An estoppel or bar by which a person is held to a particular position.

Conclusive (a.) Belonging to a close or termination; decisive; convincing; putting an end to debate or question; leading to, or involving, a conclusion or decision.

Conclusively (adv.) In the way of conclusion; decisively; positively.

Conclusiveness (n.) The quality of being conclusive; decisiveness.

Conclusory (a.) Conclusive.

Concocted (imp. & p. p.) of Concoct

Concocting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concoct

Concoct (v. t.) To digest; to convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition.

Concoct (v. t.) To purify or refine chemically.

Concoct (v. t.) To prepare from crude materials, as food; to invent or prepare by combining different ingredients; as, to concoct a new dish or beverage.

Concoct (v. t.) To digest in the mind; to devise; to make up; to contrive; to plan; to plot.

Concoct (v. t.) To mature or perfect; to ripen.

Concocter (n.) One who concocts.

Concoction (n.) A change in food produced by the organs of nutrition; digestion.

Concoction (n.) The act of concocting or preparing by combining different ingredients; also, the food or compound thus prepared.

Concoction (n.) The act of digesting in the mind; planning or devising; rumination.

Concoction (n.) Abatement of a morbid process, as a fever and return to a normal condition.

Concoction (n.) The act of perfecting or maturing.

Concoctive (a.) Having the power of digesting or ripening; digestive.

Concolor (a.) Of the same color; of uniform color.

Concolorous (a.) Of the same color throughout.

Concomitance (n.) Alt. of Concomitancy

Concomitancy (n.) The state of accompanying; accompaniment.

Concomitancy (n.) The doctrine of the existence of the entire body of Christ in the eucharist, under each element, so that the body and blood are both received by communicating in one kind only.

Concomitant (a.) Accompanying; conjoined; attending.

Concomitant (n.) One who, or that which, accompanies, or is collaterally connected with another; a companion; an associate; an accompaniment.

Concomitantly (adv.) In company with others; unitedly; concurrently.

Concord (n.) A state of agreement; harmony; union.

Concord (n.) Agreement by stipulation; compact; covenant; treaty or league.

Concord (n.) Agreement of words with one another, in gender, number, person, or case.

Concord (n.) An agreement between the parties to a fine of land in reference to the manner in which it should pass, being an acknowledgment that the land in question belonged to the complainant. See Fine.

Concord (n.) An agreeable combination of tones simultaneously heard; a consonant chord; consonance; harmony.

Concord (n.) A variety of American grape, with large dark blue (almost black) grapes in compact clusters.

Concord (v. i.) To agree; to act together.

Concordable (a.) Capable of according; agreeing; harmonious.

Concordance (n.) Agreement; accordance.

Concordance (n.) Concord; agreement.

Concordance (n.) An alphabetical verbal index showing the places in the text of a book where each principal word may be found, with its immediate context in each place.

Concordance (n.) A topical index or orderly analysis of the contents of a book.

Concordancy (n.) Agreement.

Concordant (a.) Agreeing; correspondent; harmonious; consonant.

Concordantly (adv.) In a concordant manner.

Concordat (n.) A compact, covenant, or agreement concerning anything.

Concordat (n.) An agreement made between the pope and a sovereign or government for the regulation of ecclesiastical matters with which both are concerned; as, the concordat between Pope Pius VII and Bonaparte in 1801.

Concordist (n.) The compiler of a concordance.

Concorporate (v. t. & i.) To unite in one mass or body; to incorporate.

Concorporate (a.) United in one body; incorporated.

Concorporation (n.) Union of things in one mass or body.

Concourse (n.) A moving, flowing, or running together; confluence.

Concourse (n.) An assembly; a gathering formed by a voluntary or spontaneous moving and meeting in one place.

Concourse (n.) The place or point of meeting or junction of two bodies.

Concourse (n.) An open space where several roads or paths meet; esp. an open space in a park where several roads meet.

Concourse (n.) Concurrence; cooperation.

Concreate (v. t.) To create at the same time.

Concremation (n.) The act of burning different things together.

Concrement (n.) A growing together; the collection or mass formed by concretion, or natural union.

Concrescence (n.) Coalescence of particles; growth; increase by the addition of particles.

Concrescible (a.) Capable of being changed from a liquid to a solid state.

Concrescive (a.) Growing together, or into union; uniting.

Concrete (a.) United in growth; hence, formed by coalition of separate particles into one mass; united in a solid form.

Concrete (a.) Standing for an object as it exists in nature, invested with all its qualities, as distinguished from standing for an attribute of an object; -- opposed to abstract.

Concrete (a.) Applied to a specific object; special; particular; -- opposed to general. See Abstract, 3.

Concrete (n.) A compound or mass formed by concretion, spontaneous union, or coalescence of separate particles of matter in one body.

Concrete (n.) A mixture of gravel, pebbles, or broken stone with cement or with tar, etc., used for sidewalks, roadways, foundations, etc., and esp. for submarine structures.

Concrete (n.) A term designating both a quality and the subject in which it exists; a concrete term.

Concrete (n.) Sugar boiled down from cane juice to a solid mass.

Concreted (imp. & p. p.) of Concrete

Concreting (p. pr & vb. n.) of Concrete

Concrete (v. i.) To unite or coalesce, as separate particles, into a mass or solid body.

Concrete (v. t.) To form into a mass, as by the cohesion or coalescence of separate particles.

Concrete (v. t.) To cover with, or form of, concrete, as a pavement.

Concretely (adv.) In a concrete manner.

Concreteness (n.) The quality of being concrete.

Concretion (n.) The process of concreting; the process of uniting or of becoming united, as particles of matter into a mass; solidification.

Concretion (n.) A mass or nodule of solid matter formed by growing together, by congelation, condensation, coagulation, induration, etc.; a clot; a lump; a calculus.

Concretion (n.) A rounded mass or nodule produced by an aggregation of the material around a center; as, the calcareous concretions common in beds of clay.

Concretional (a.) Concretionary.

Concretionary (a.) Pertaining to, or formed by, concretion or aggregation; producing or containing concretions.

Concretive (a.) Promoting concretion.

Concretively (adv.) In a concrete manner.

Concreture (n.) A mass formed by concretion.

Concrew (a.) To grow together.

Concrimination (n.) A joint accusation.

Concubinacy (n.) The practice of concubinage.

Concubinage (n.) The cohabiting of a man and a woman who are not legally married; the state of being a concubine.

Concubinage (n.) A plea, in which it is alleged that the woman suing for dower was not lawfully married to the man in whose lands she seeks to be endowed, but that she was his concubine.

Concubinal (a.) Of or pertaining to concubinage.

Concubinarian (a. & n.) Concubinary.

Concubinary (a.) Relating to concubinage; living in concubinage.

Concubinaries (pl. ) of Concubinary

Concubinary (n.) One who lives in concubinage.

Concubinate (n.) Concubinage.

Concubine (n.) A woman who cohabits with a man without being his wife; a paramour.

Concubine (n.) A wife of inferior condition; a lawful wife, but not united to the man by the usual ceremonies, and of inferior condition. Such were Hagar and Keturah, the concubines of Abraham; and such concubines were allowed by the Roman laws. Their children were not heirs of their father.

Concultated (imp. & p. p.) of Conculcate

Conculcating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Conculcate

Conculcate (v. t.) To tread or trample under foot.

Concupiscence (n.) Sexual lust; morbid carnal passion.

Concupiscent (a.) Having sexual lust; libidinous; lustful; lecherous; salacious.

Concupiscential (a.) Relating to concupiscence.

Concupiscentious (a.) Concupiscent.

Concupiscible (a.) Exciting to, or liable to be affected by, concupiscence; provoking lustful desires.

Concupiscible (a.) Exciting desire, good or evil.

Concupiscibleness (n.) The state of being concupiscible.

Concupy (n.) Concupiscence. [Used only in "Troilus and Cressida"]

Concurred (imp. & p. p.) of Concur

Concurring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Concur

Concur (v. i.) To run together; to meet.

Concur (v. i.) To meet in the same point; to combine or conjoin; to contribute or help toward a common object or effect.

Concur (v. i.) To unite or agree (in action or opinion); to join; to act jointly; to agree; to coincide; to correspond.

Concur (v. i.) To assent; to consent.

Concurrence (n.) The act of concurring; a meeting or coming together; union; conjunction; combination.

Concurrence (n.) A meeting of minds; agreement in opinion; union in design or act; -- implying joint approbation.

Concurrence (n.) Agreement or consent, implying aid or contribution of power or influence; cooperation.

Concurrence (n.) A common right; coincidence of equal powers; as, a concurrence of jurisdiction in two different courts.

Concurrency (n.) Concurrence.

Concurrent (a.) Acting in conjunction; agreeing in the same act or opinion; contributing to the same event or effect; cooperating.

Concurrent (a.) Conjoined; associate; concomitant; existing or happening at the same time.

Concurrent (a.) Joint and equal in authority; taking cognizance of similar questions; operating on the same objects; as, the concurrent jurisdiction of courts.

Concurrent (a.) Meeting in one point.

Concurrent (n.) One who, or that which, concurs; a joint or contributory cause.

Concurrent (n.) One pursuing the same course, or seeking the same objects; hence, a rival; an opponent.

Concurrent (n.) One of the supernumerary days of the year over fifty-two complete weeks; -- so called because they concur with the solar cycle, the course of which they follow.

Concurrently (adv.) With concurrence; unitedly.

Concurrentness (n.) The state or quality of being concurrent; concurrence.

Concurring (a.) Agreeing.

Concuss (v. t.) To shake or agitate.

Concuss (v. t.) To force (a person) to do something, or give up something, by intimidation; to coerce.

Concussation (n.) A violent shock or agitation.

Concussion (n.) A shaking or agitation; a shock; caused by the collision of two bodies.

Concussion (n.) A condition of lowered functional activity, without visible structural change, produced in an organ by a shock, as by fall or blow; as, a concussion of the brain.

Concussion (n.) The unlawful forcing of another by threats of violence to yield up something of value.

Concussive (a.) Having the power or quality of shaking or agitating.

Cond (v. t.) To con, as a ship.

Condemned (imp. & p. p.) of Condemn

Condemning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Condemn

Condemn (v. t.) To pronounce to be wrong; to disapprove of; to censure.

Condemn (v. t.) To declare the guilt of; to make manifest the faults or unworthiness of; to convict of guilt.

Condemn (v. t.) To pronounce a judicial sentence against; to sentence to punishment, suffering, or loss; to doom; -- with to before the penalty.

Condemn (v. t.) To amerce or fine; -- with in before the penalty.

Condemn (v. t.) To adjudge or pronounce to be unfit for use or service; to adjudge or pronounce to be forfeited; as, the ship and her cargo were condemned.

Condemn (v. t.) To doom to be taken for public use, under the right of eminent domain.

Condemnable () Worthy of condemnation; blamable; culpable.

Condemnation (n.) The act of condemning or pronouncing to be wrong; censure; blame; disapprobation.

Condemnation (n.) The act of judicially condemning, or adjudging guilty, unfit for use, or forfeited; the act of dooming to punishment or forfeiture.

Condemnation (n.) The state of being condemned.

Condemnation (n.) The ground or reason of condemning.

Condemnatory (a.) Condemning; containing or imposing condemnation or censure; as, a condemnatory sentence or decree.

Condemned (a.) Pronounced to be wrong, guilty, worthless, or forfeited; adjudged or sentenced to punishment, destruction, or confiscation.

Condemned (a.) Used for condemned persons.

Condemner (n.) One who condemns or censures.

Condensability (n.) Capability of being condensed.

Condensable (a.) Capable of being condensed; as, vapor is condensable.

Condensate (v. t.) Made dense; condensed.

Condensated (imp. & p. p.) of Condensate

Condensating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Condensate

Condensate (v. t.) To condense.

Condensation (n.) The act or process of condensing or of being condensed; the state of being condensed.

Condensation (n.) The act or process of reducing, by depression of temperature or increase of pressure, etc., to another and denser form, as gas to the condition of a liquid or steam to water.

Condensation (n.) A rearrangemen