Words whose second letter is S

As (adv. & conj.) Denoting equality or likeness in kind, degree, or manner; like; similar to; in the same manner with or in which; in accordance with; in proportion to; to the extent or degree in which or to which; equally; no less than; as, ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil; you will reap as you sow; do as you are bidden.

As (adv. & conj.) In the idea, character, or condition of, -- limiting the view to certain attributes or relations; as, virtue considered as virtue; this actor will appear as Hamlet.

As (adv. & conj.) While; during or at the same time that; when; as, he trembled as he spoke.

As (adv. & conj.) Because; since; it being the case that.

As (adv. & conj.) Expressing concession. (Often approaching though in meaning).

As (adv. & conj.) That, introducing or expressing a result or consequence, after the correlatives so and such.

As (adv. & conj.) As if; as though.

As (adv. & conj.) For instance; by way of example; thus; -- used to introduce illustrative phrases, sentences, or citations.

As (adv. & conj.) Than.

As (adv. & conj.) Expressing a wish.

As (n.) An ace.

Asses (pl. ) of As

As (n.) A Roman weight, answering to the libra or pound, equal to nearly eleven ounces Troy weight. It was divided into twelve ounces.

As (n.) A Roman copper coin, originally of a pound weight (12 oz.); but reduced, after the first Punic war, to two ounces; in the second Punic war, to one ounce; and afterwards to half an ounce.

Asa (n.) An ancient name of a gum.

Asafetida (n.) Alt. of Asafoetida

Asafoetida (n.) The fetid gum resin or inspissated juice of a large umbelliferous plant (Ferula asafoetida) of Persia and the East Indies. It is used in medicine as an antispasmodic.

Asaphus (n.) A genus of trilobites found in the Lower Silurian formation. See Illust. in Append.

Asarabacca (n.) An acrid herbaceous plant (Asarum Europaeum), the leaves and roots of which are emetic and cathartic. It is principally used in cephalic snuffs.

Asarone (n.) A crystallized substance, resembling camphor, obtained from the Asarum Europaeum; -- called also camphor of asarum.

Asbestic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling asbestus; inconsumable; asbestine.

Asbestiform (a.) Having the form or structure of asbestus.

Asbestine (a.) Of or pertaining to asbestus, or partaking of its nature; incombustible; asbestic.

Asbestous (a.) Asbestic.

Asbestus (n.) Alt. of Asbestos

Asbestos (n.) A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine.

Asbolin (n.) A peculiar acrid and bitter oil, obtained from wood soot.

Ascarides (pl. ) of Ascarid

Ascarid (n.) A parasitic nematoid worm, espec. the roundworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, often occurring in the human intestine, and allied species found in domestic animals; also commonly applied to the pinworm (Oxyuris), often troublesome to children and aged persons.

Ascended (imp. & p. p.) of Ascend

Ascending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ascend

Ascend (v. i.) To move upward; to mount; to go up; to rise; -- opposed to descend.

Ascend (v. i.) To rise, in a figurative sense; to proceed from an inferior to a superior degree, from mean to noble objects, from particulars to generals, from modern to ancient times, from one note to another more acute, etc.; as, our inquiries ascend to the remotest antiquity; to ascend to our first progenitor.

Ascend (v. t.) To go or move upward upon or along; to climb; to mount; to go up the top of; as, to ascend a hill, a ladder, a tree, a river, a throne.

Ascendable (a.) Capable of being ascended.

Ascendancy (n.) Alt. of Ascendance

Ascendance (n.) Same as Ascendency.

Ascendant (n.) Ascent; height; elevation.

Ascendant (n.) The horoscope, or that degree of the ecliptic which rises above the horizon at the moment of one's birth; supposed to have a commanding influence on a person's life and fortune.

Ascendant (n.) Superiority, or commanding influence; ascendency; as, one man has the ascendant over another.

Ascendant (n.) An ancestor, or one who precedes in genealogy or degrees of kindred; a relative in the ascending line; a progenitor; -- opposed to descendant.

Ascendant (a.) Alt. of Ascendent

Ascendent (a.) Rising toward the zenith; above the horizon.

Ascendent (a.) Rising; ascending.

Ascendent (a.) Superior; surpassing; ruling.

Ascendency (n.) Governing or controlling influence; domination; power.

Ascendible (a.) Capable of being ascended; climbable.

Ascending (a.) Rising; moving upward; as, an ascending kite.

Ascension (n.) The act of ascending; a rising; ascent.

Ascension (n.) Specifically: The visible ascent of our Savior on the fortieth day after his resurrection. (Acts i. 9.) Also, Ascension Day.

Ascension (n.) An ascending or arising, as in distillation; also that which arises, as from distillation.

Ascensional (a.) Relating to ascension; connected with ascent; ascensive; tending upward; as, the ascensional power of a balloon.

Ascensive (a.) Rising; tending to rise, or causing to rise.

Ascensive (a.) Augmentative; intensive.

Ascent () The act of rising; motion upward; rise; a mounting upward; as, he made a tedious ascent; the ascent of vapors from the earth.

Ascent () The way or means by which one ascends.

Ascent () An eminence, hill, or high place.

Ascent () The degree of elevation of an object, or the angle it makes with a horizontal line; inclination; rising grade; as, a road has an ascent of five degrees.

Ascertained (imp. & p. p.) of Ascertain

Ascertaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ascertain

Ascertain (v. t.) To render (a person) certain; to cause to feel certain; to make confident; to assure; to apprise.

Ascertain (v. t.) To make (a thing) certain to the mind; to free from obscurity, doubt, or change; to make sure of; to fix; to determine.

Ascertain (v. t.) To find out or learn for a certainty, by trial, examination, or experiment; to get to know; as, to ascertain the weight of a commodity, or the purity of a metal.

Ascertainable (a.) That may be ascertained.

Ascertainer (n.) One who ascertains.

Ascertainment (n.) The act of ascertaining; a reducing to certainty; a finding out by investigation; discovery.

Ascessancy (a.) Alt. of Ascessant

Ascessant (a.) See Acescency, Acescent.

Ascetic (a.) Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe.

Ascetic (n.) In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.

Asceticism (n.) The condition, practice, or mode of life, of ascetics.

Ascham (n.) A sort of cupboard, or case, to contain bows and other implements of archery.

Asci (n. pl.) See Ascus.

Ascian (n.) One of the Ascii.

Ascidian (n.) One of the Ascidioidea, or in a more general sense, one of the Tunicata. Also as an adj.

Ascidiarium (n.) The structure which unites together the ascidiozooids in a compound ascidian.

Ascidiform (a.) Shaped like an ascidian.

Ascidioidea (n. pl.) A group of Tunicata, often shaped like a two-necked bottle. The group includes, social, and compound species. The gill is a netlike structure within the oral aperture. The integument is usually leathery in texture. See Illustration in Appendix.

Ascidiozooid (n.) One of the individual members of a compound ascidian. See Ascidioidea.

Ascidia (pl. ) of Ascidium

Ascidium (n.) A pitcher-shaped, or flask-shaped, organ or appendage of a plant, as the leaves of the pitcher plant, or the little bladderlike traps of the bladderwort (Utricularia).

Ascidium (n.) A genus of simple ascidians, which formerly included most of the known species. It is sometimes used as a name for the Ascidioidea, or for all the Tunicata.

Ascigerous (a.) Having asci.

Ascii (n. pl.) Alt. of Ascians

Ascians (n. pl.) Persons who, at certain times of the year, have no shadow at noon; -- applied to the inhabitants of the torrid zone, who have, twice a year, a vertical sun.

Ascites (n.) A collection of serous fluid in the cavity of the abdomen; dropsy of the peritoneum.

Ascitic (a.) Alt. of Ascitical

Ascitical (a.) Of, pertaining to, or affected by, ascites; dropsical.

Ascititious (a.) Supplemental; not inherent or original; adscititious; additional; assumed.

Asclepiad (n.) A choriambic verse, first used by the Greek poet Asclepias, consisting of four feet, viz., a spondee, two choriambi, and an iambus.

Asclepiadaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, plants of the Milkweed family.

Asclepias (n.) A genus of plants including the milkweed, swallowwort, and some other species having medicinal properties.

Ascococci (pl. ) of Ascococcus

Ascococcus (n.) A form of micrococcus, found in putrid meat infusions, occurring in peculiar masses, each of which is inclosed in a hyaline capsule and contains a large number of spherical micrococci.

Ascospore (n.) One of the spores contained in the asci of lichens and fungi. [See Illust. of Ascus.]

Ascribable (a.) Capable of being ascribed; attributable.

Ascribed (imp. & p. p.) of Ascribe

Ascribing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ascribe

Ascribe (v. t.) To attribute, impute, or refer, as to a cause; as, his death was ascribed to a poison; to ascribe an effect to the right cause; to ascribe such a book to such an author.

Ascribe (v. t.) To attribute, as a quality, or an appurtenance; to consider or allege to belong.

Ascript (a.) See Adscript.

Ascription (n.) The act of ascribing, imputing, or affirming to belong; also, that which is ascribed.

Ascriptitious (a.) Ascribed.

Ascriptitious (a.) Added; additional.

Ascus (n.) A small membranous bladder or tube in which are inclosed the seedlike reproductive particles or sporules of lichens and certain fungi.

A-sea (adv.) On the sea; at sea; toward the sea.

Aseptic (a.) Not liable to putrefaction; nonputrescent.

Aseptic (n.) An aseptic substance.

Asexual (a.) Having no distinct sex; without sexual action; as, asexual reproduction. See Fission and Gemmation.

Asexually (adv.) In an asexual manner; without sexual agency.

Ash (n.) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (F. Americana).

Ash (n.) The tough, elastic wood of the ash tree.

Ash (n.) sing. of Ashes.

Ash (v. t.) To strew or sprinkle with ashes.

Ashame (v. t.) To shame.

Ashamed (a.) Affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt, or a conviction or consciousness of some wrong action or impropriety.

Ashamedly (adv.) Bashfully.

Ashantees (pl. ) of Ashantee

Ashantee (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Ashantee in Western Africa.

Ashantee (a.) Of or pertaining to Ashantee.

Ash-colored (a.) Of the color of ashes; a whitish gray or brownish gray.

Ashen (a.) Of or pertaining to the ash tree.

Ashen (a.) Consisting of, or resembling, ashes; of a color between brown and gray, or white and gray.

Ashen (n.) obs. pl. for Ashes.

Ashery (n.) A depository for ashes.

Ashery (n.) A place where potash is made.

Ashes (n. pl.) The earthy or mineral particles of combustible substances remaining after combustion, as of wood or coal.

Ashes (n. pl.) Specifically: The remains of the human body when burnt, or when "returned to dust" by natural decay.

Ashes (n. pl.) The color of ashes; deathlike paleness.

Ash-fire (n.) A low fire used in chemical operations.

Ash-furnace (n.) Alt. of Ash-oven

Ash-oven (n.) A furnace or oven for fritting materials for glass making.

Ashine (a.) Shining; radiant.

Ashlar (n.) Alt. of Ashler

Ashler (n.) Hewn or squared stone; also, masonry made of squared or hewn stone.

Ashler (n.) In the United States especially, a thin facing of squared and dressed stone upon a wall of rubble or brick.

Ashlaring (n.) Alt. of Ashlering

Ashlering (n.) The act of bedding ashlar in mortar.

Ashlering (n.) Ashlar when in thin slabs and made to serve merely as a case to the body of the wall.

Ashlering (n.) The short upright pieces between the floor beams and rafters in garrets. See Ashlar, 2.

Ashore (adv.) On shore or on land; on the land adjacent to water; to the shore; to the land; aground (when applied to a ship); -- sometimes opposed to aboard or afloat.

Ashtaroth (pl. ) of Ashtoreth

Ashtoreth (n.) The principal female divinity of the Phoenicians, as Baal was the principal male divinity.

Ash Wednesday () The first day of Lent; -- so called from a custom in the Roman Catholic church of putting ashes, on that day, upon the foreheads of penitents.

Ashweed (n.) Goutweed.

Ashy (a.) Pertaining to, or composed of, ashes; filled, or strewed with, ashes.

Ashy (a.) Ash-colored; whitish gray; deadly pale.

Asian (a.) Of or pertaining to Asia; Asiatic.

Asian (n.) An Asiatic.

Asiarch (n.) One of the chiefs or pontiffs of the Roman province of Asia, who had the superintendence of the public games and religious rites.

Asiatic (a.) Of or pertaining to Asia or to its inhabitants.

Asiatic (n.) A native, or one of the people, of Asia.

Asiaticism (n.) Something peculiar to Asia or the Asiatics.

Aside (adv.) On, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest; out of the way; apart.

Aside (adv.) Out of one's thoughts; off; away; as, to put aside gloomy thoughts.

Aside (adv.) So as to be heard by others; privately.

Aside (n.) Something spoken aside; as, a remark made by a stageplayer which the other players are not supposed to hear.

Asilus (n.) A genus of large and voracious two-winged flies, including the bee killer and robber fly.

Asinego (n.) Alt. of Assinego

Assinego (n.) A stupid fellow.

Asinine (a.) Of or belonging to, or having the qualities of, the ass, as stupidity and obstinacy.

Asininity (n.) The quality of being asinine; stupidity combined with obstinacy.

Asiphonate (a.) Destitute of a siphon or breathing tube; -- said of many bivalve shells.

Asiphonate (n.) An asiphonate mollusk.

Asiphonea (n. pl.) Alt. of Asiphonida

Asiphonata (n. pl.) Alt. of Asiphonida

Asiphonida (n. pl.) A group of bivalve mollusks destitute of siphons, as the oyster; the asiphonate mollusks.

Asitia (n.) Want of appetite; loathing of food.

Asked (imp. & p. p.) of Ask

Asking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ask

Ask (v. t.) To request; to seek to obtain by words; to petition; to solicit; -- often with of, in the sense of from, before the person addressed.

Ask (v. t.) To require, demand, claim, or expect, whether by way of remuneration or return, or as a matter of necessity; as, what price do you ask?

Ask (v. t.) To interrogate or inquire of or concerning; to put a question to or about; to question.

Ask (v. t.) To invite; as, to ask one to an entertainment.

Ask (v. t.) To publish in church for marriage; -- said of both the banns and the persons.

Ask (v. i.) To request or petition; -- usually followed by for; as, to ask for bread.

Ask (v. i.) To make inquiry, or seek by request; -- sometimes followed by after.

Ask (n.) A water newt.

Askance (adv.) Alt. of Askant

Askant (adv.) Sideways; obliquely; with a side glance; with disdain, envy, or suspicion.

Askance (v. t.) To turn aside.

Asker (n.) One who asks; a petitioner; an inquirer.

Asker (n.) An ask; a water newt.

Askew (adv. & a.) Awry; askance; asquint; oblique or obliquely; -- sometimes indicating scorn, or contempt, or entry.

Asking (n.) The act of inquiring or requesting; a petition; solicitation.

Asking (n.) The publishing of banns.

Aslake (v. t. & i.) To mitigate; to moderate; to appease; to abate; to diminish.

Aslant (adv. & a.) Toward one side; in a slanting direction; obliquely.

Aslant (prep.) In a slanting direction over; athwart.

Asleep (a. & adv.) In a state of sleep; in sleep; dormant.

Asleep (a. & adv.) In the sleep of the grave; dead.

Asleep (a. & adv.) Numbed, and, usually, tingling.

Aslope (adv. & a.) Slopingly; aslant; declining from an upright direction; sloping.

Aslug (adv.) Sluggishly.

Asmear (a.) Smeared over.

Asmonean (a.) Of or pertaining to the patriotic Jewish family to which the Maccabees belonged; Maccabean; as, the Asmonean dynasty.

Asmonean (n.) One of the Asmonean family. The Asmoneans were leaders and rulers of the Jews from 168 to 35 b. c.

Asoak (a.) Soaking.

Asomatous (a.) Without a material body; incorporeal.

Asonant (a.) Not sounding or sounded.

Asp (n.) Same as Aspen.

Asp (n.) A small, hooded, poisonous serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. It is the Naja haje. The name is also applied to other poisonous serpents, esp. to Vipera aspis of southern Europe. See Haje.

Aspalathus (n.) A thorny shrub yielding a fragrant oil.

Aspalathus (n.) A genus of plants of the natural order Leguminosae. The species are chiefly natives of the Cape of Good Hope.

Asparagine (n.) A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, C4H8N2O3+H2O, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus. It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the plant; -- called also altheine.

Asparaginous (a.) Pertaining or allied to, or resembling, asparagus; having shoots which are eaten like asparagus; as, asparaginous vegetables.

Asparagus (n.) A genus of perennial plants belonging to the natural order Liliaceae, and having erect much branched stems, and very slender branchlets which are sometimes mistaken for leaves. Asparagus racemosus is a shrubby climbing plant with fragrant flowers. Specifically: The Asparagus officinalis, a species cultivated in gardens.

Asparagus (n.) The young and tender shoots of A. officinalis, which form a valuable and well-known article of food.

Aspartic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived, asparagine; as, aspartic acid.

Aspect (n.) The act of looking; vision; gaze; glance.

Aspect (n.) Look, or particular appearance of the face; countenance; mien; air.

Aspect (n.) Appearance to the eye or the mind; look; view.

Aspect (n.) Position or situation with regard to seeing; that position which enables one to look in a particular direction; position in relation to the points of the compass; as, a house has a southern aspect, that is, a position which faces the south.

Aspect (n.) Prospect; outlook.

Aspect (n.) The situation of planets or stars with respect to one another, or the angle formed by the rays of light proceeding from them and meeting at the eye; the joint look of planets or stars upon each other or upon the earth.

Aspect (n.) The influence of the stars for good or evil; as, an ill aspect.

Aspect (n.) To behold; to look at.

Aspectable (a.) Capable of being; visible.

Aspectant (a.) Facing each other.

Aspected (a.) Having an aspect.

Aspection (n.) The act of viewing; a look.

Aspen (n.) Alt. of Asp

Asp (n.) One of several species of poplar bearing this name, especially the Populus tremula, so called from the trembling of its leaves, which move with the slightest impulse of the air.

Aspen (a.) Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood.

Asper (a.) Rough; rugged; harsh; bitter; stern; fierce.

Asper (n.) The rough breathing; a mark (/) placed over an initial vowel sound or over / to show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced with h before it; thus "ws, pronounced h/s, "rh`twr, pronounced hra"t/r.

Asper (n.) A Turkish money of account (formerly a coin), of little value; the 120th part of a piaster.

Asperated (imp. & p. p.) of Asperate

Asperating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Asperate

Asperate (v. t.) To make rough or uneven.

Asperation (n.) The act of asperating; a making or becoming rough.

Asperges (n.) The service or ceremony of sprinkling with holy water.

Asperges (n.) The brush or instrument used in sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.

Aspergill (n.) Alt. of Aspergillum

Aspergillum (n.) The brush used in the Roman Catholic church for sprinkling holy water on the people.

Aspergillum (n.) See Wateringpot shell.

Aspergilliform (a.) Resembling the aspergillum in form; as, an aspergilliform stigma.

Asperifoliate (a.) Alt. of Asperifolious

Asperifolious (a.) Having rough leaves.

Asperities (pl. ) of Asperity

Asperity (n.) Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness.

Asperity (n.) Roughness or harshness of sound; that quality which grates upon the ear; raucity.

Asperity (n.) Roughness to the taste; sourness; tartness.

Asperity (n.) Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness.

Asperity (n.) Sharpness; disagreeableness; difficulty.

Aspermatous (a.) Aspermous.

Aspermous (a.) Destitute of seeds; aspermatous.

Asperne (v. t.) To spurn; to despise.

Asperous (a.) Rough; uneven.

Aspersed (imp. & p. p.) of Asperse

Aspersing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Asperse

Asperse (v. t.) To sprinkle, as water or dust, upon anybody or anything, or to besprinkle any one with a liquid or with dust.

Asperse (v. t.) To bespatter with foul reports or false and injurious charges; to tarnish in point of reputation or good name; to slander or calumniate; as, to asperse a poet or his writings; to asperse a man's character.

Aspersed (a.) Having an indefinite number of small charges scattered or strewed over the surface.

Aspersed (a.) Bespattered; slandered; calumniated.

Asperser (n.) One who asperses; especially, one who vilifies another.

Aspersion (n.) A sprinkling, as with water or dust, in a literal sense.

Aspersion (n.) The spreading of calumniations reports or charges which tarnish reputation, like the bespattering of a body with foul water; calumny.

Aspersive (a.) Tending to asperse; defamatory; slanderous.

Aspersoir (n.) An aspergill.

Aspersoria (pl. ) of Aspersorium

Aspersorium (n.) The stoup, basin, or other vessel for holy water in Roman Catholic churches.

Aspersorium (n.) A brush for sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.

Asphalt (n.) Alt. of Asphaltum

Asphaltum (n.) Mineral pitch, Jews' pitch, or compact native bitumen. It is brittle, of a black or brown color and high luster on a surface of fracture; it melts and burns when heated, leaving no residue. It occurs on the surface and shores of the Dead Sea, which is therefore called Asphaltites, or the Asphaltic Lake. It is found also in many parts of Asia, Europe, and America. See Bitumen.

Asphaltum (n.) A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc.

Asphalt (v. t.) To cover with asphalt; as, to asphalt a roof; asphalted streets.

Asphalte (n.) Asphaltic mastic or cement. See Asphalt, 2.

Asphaltic (a.) Pertaining to, of the nature of, or containing, asphalt; bituminous.

Asphaltite (a.) Asphaltic.

Asphaltite (a.) Asphaltic.

Asphaltus (n.) See Asphalt.

Asphodel (n.) A general name for a plant of the genus Asphodelus. The asphodels are hardy perennial plants, several species of which are cultivated for the beauty of their flowers.

Asphyctic (a.) Pertaining to asphyxia.

Asphyxia (n.) Alt. of Asphyxy

Asphyxy (n.) Apparent death, or suspended animation; the condition which results from interruption of respiration, as in suffocation or drowning, or the inhalation of irrespirable gases.

Asphyxial (a.) Of or relating to asphyxia; as, asphyxial phenomena.

Asphyxiate (v. t.) To bring to a state of asphyxia; to suffocate. [Used commonly in the past pple.]

Asphyxiated (p. p. ) Alt. of Asphyxied

Asphyxied (p. p. ) In a state of asphyxia; suffocated.

Asphyxiation (n.) The act of causing asphyxia; a state of asphyxia.

Aspic (n.) The venomous asp.

Aspic (n.) A piece of ordnance carrying a 12 pound shot.

Aspic (n.) A European species of lavender (Lavandula spica), which produces a volatile oil. See Spike.

Aspic (n.) A savory meat jelly containing portions of fowl, game, fish, hard boiled eggs, etc.

Aspidobranchia (n. pl.) A group of Gastropoda, with limpetlike shells, including the abalone shells and keyhole limpets.

Aspirant (a.) Aspiring.

Aspirant (n.) One who aspires; one who eagerly seeks some high position or object of attainment.

Aspirated (imp. & p. p.) of Aspirate

Aspirating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Aspirate

Aspirate (v. t.) To pronounce with a breathing, an aspirate, or an h sound; as, we aspirate the words horse and house; to aspirate a vowel or a liquid consonant.

Aspirate (n.) A sound consisting of, or characterized by, a breath like the sound of h; the breathing h or a character representing such a sound; an aspirated sound.

Aspirate (n.) A mark of aspiration (/) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing.

Aspirate (n.) An elementary sound produced by the breath alone; a surd, or nonvocal consonant; as, f, th in thin, etc.

Aspirate (a.) Alt. of Aspirated

Aspirated (a.) Pronounced with the h sound or with audible breath.

Aspiration (n.) The act of aspirating; the pronunciation of a letter with a full or strong emission of breath; an aspirated sound.

Aspiration (n.) The act of breathing; a breath; an inspiration.

Aspiration (n.) The act of aspiring of a ardently desiring; strong wish; high desire.

Aspirator (n.) An apparatus for passing air or gases through or over certain liquids or solids, or for exhausting a closed vessel, by means of suction.

Aspirator (n.) An instrument for the evacuation of the fluid contents of tumors or collections of blood.

Aspiratory (a.) Of or pertaining to breathing; suited to the inhaling of air

Aspired (imp. & p. p.) of Aspire

Aspiring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Aspire

Aspire (v. t.) To desire with eagerness; to seek to attain something high or great; to pant; to long; -- followed by to or after, and rarely by at; as, to aspire to a crown; to aspire after immorality.

Aspire (v. t.) To rise; to ascend; to tower; to soar.

Aspire (v. t.) To aspire to; to long for; to try to reach; to mount to.

Aspire (n.) Aspiration.

Aspirement (n.) Aspiration.

Aspirer (n.) One who aspires.

Aspiring (a.) That aspires; as, an Aspiring mind.

Aspish (a.) Pertaining to, or like, an asp.

Asportation (n.) The felonious removal of goods from the place where they were deposited.

Asprawl (adv. & a.) Sprawling.

Asquat (adv. & a.) Squatting.

Asquint (adv.) With the eye directed to one side; not in the straight line of vision; obliquely; awry, so as to see distortedly; as, to look asquint.

Ass (n.) A quadruped of the genus Equus (E. asinus), smaller than the horse, and having a peculiarly harsh bray and long ears. The tame or domestic ass is patient, slow, and sure-footed, and has become the type of obstinacy and stupidity. There are several species of wild asses which are swift-footed.

Ass (n.) A dull, heavy, stupid fellow; a dolt.

Assaf/tida (n.) Same as Asafetida.

Assagai (n.) Alt. of Assegai

Assegai (n.) A spear used by tribes in South Africa as a missile and for stabbing, a kind of light javelin.

Assai () A direction equivalent to very; as, adagio assai, very slow.

Assailed (imp. & p. p.) of Assail

Assailing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assail

Assail (v. t.) To attack with violence, or in a vehement and hostile manner; to assault; to molest; as, to assail a man with blows; to assail a city with artillery.

Assail (v. t.) To encounter or meet purposely with the view of mastering, as an obstacle, difficulty, or the like.

Assail (v. t.) To attack morally, or with a view to produce changes in the feelings, character, conduct, existing usages, institutions; to attack by words, hostile influence, etc.; as, to assail one with appeals, arguments, abuse, ridicule, and the like.

Assailable (a.) Capable of being assailed.

Assailant (a.) Assailing; attacking.

Assailant (n.) One who, or that which, assails, attacks, or assaults; an assailer.

Assailer (n.) One who assails.

Assailment (n.) The act or power of assailing; attack; assault.

Assamar (n.) The peculiar bitter substance, soft or liquid, and of a yellow color, produced when meat, bread, gum, sugar, starch, and the like, are roasted till they turn brown.

Assamese (a.) Of or pertaining to Assam, a province of British India, or to its inhabitants.

Assamese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Assam.

Assapan (n.) Alt. of Assapanic

Assapanic (n.) The American flying squirrel (Pteromys volucella).

Assart (n.) The act or offense of grubbing up trees and bushes, and thus destroying the thickets or coverts of a forest.

Assart (n.) A piece of land cleared of trees and bushes, and fitted for cultivation; a clearing.

Assart (v. t.) To grub up, as trees; to commit an assart upon; as, to assart land or trees.

Assassin (n.) One who kills, or attempts to kill, by surprise or secret assault; one who treacherously murders any one unprepared for defense.

Assassin (v. t.) To assassinate.

Assassinated (imp. & p. p.) of Assassinate

Assassinating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assassinate

Assassinate (v. t.) To kill by surprise or secret assault; to murder by treacherous violence.

Assassinate (v. t.) To assail with murderous intent; hence, by extended meaning, to maltreat exceedingly.

Assassinate (n.) An assassination, murder, or murderous assault.

Assassinate (n.) An assassin.

Assassination (n.) The act of assassinating; a killing by treacherous violence.

Assassinator (n.) An assassin.

Assassinous (a.) Murderous.

Assastion (n.) Roasting.

Assault (n.) A violent onset or attack with physical means, as blows, weapons, etc.; an onslaught; the rush or charge of an attacking force; onset; as, to make assault upon a man, a house, or a town.

Assault (n.) A violent onset or attack with moral weapons, as words, arguments, appeals, and the like; as, to make an assault on the prerogatives of a prince, or on the constitution of a government.

Assault (n.) An apparently violent attempt, or willful offer with force or violence, to do hurt to another; an attempt or offer to beat another, accompanied by a degree of violence, but without touching his person, as by lifting the fist, or a cane, in a threatening manner, or by striking at him, and missing him. If the blow aimed takes effect, it is a battery.

Assaulted (imp. & p. p.) of Assault

Assaulting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assault

Assault (n.) To make an assault upon, as by a sudden rush of armed men; to attack with unlawful or insulting physical violence or menaces.

Assault (n.) To attack with moral means, or with a view of producing moral effects; to attack by words, arguments, or unfriendly measures; to assail; as, to assault a reputation or an administration.

Assaultable (a.) Capable of being assaulted.

Assaulter (n.) One who assaults, or violently attacks; an assailant.

Assay (n.) Trial; attempt; essay.

Assay (n.) Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine.

Assay (n.) Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried.

Assay (n.) Tested purity or value.

Assay (n.) The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin.

Assay (n.) The alloy or metal to be assayed.

Assayed (imp. & p. p.) of Assay

Assaying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assay

Assay (v.) To try; to attempt; to apply.

Assay (v.) To affect.

Assay (v.) To try tasting, as food or drink.

Assay (v.) To subject, as an ore, alloy, or other metallic compound, to chemical or metallurgical examination, in order to determine the amount of a particular metal contained in it, or to ascertain its composition.

Assay (v. i.) To attempt, try, or endeavor.

Assayable (a.) That may be assayed.

Assayer (n.) One who assays. Specifically: One who examines metallic ores or compounds, for the purpose of determining the amount of any particular metal in the same, especially of gold or silver.

Assaying (n.) The act or process of testing, esp. of analyzing or examining metals and ores, to determine the proportion of pure metal.

Asse (n.) A small foxlike animal (Vulpes cama) of South Africa, valued for its fur.

Assecuration (n.) Assurance; certainty.

Assecure (v. t.) To make sure or safe; to assure.

Assecution (n.) An obtaining or acquiring.

Assegai (n.) Same as Assagai.

Assemblage (n.) The act of assembling, or the state of being assembled; association.

Assemblage (n.) A collection of individuals, or of individuals, or of particular things; as, a political assemblage; an assemblage of ideas.

Assemblance (n.) Resemblance; likeness; appearance.

Assemblance (n.) An assembling; assemblage.

Assembled (imp. & p. p.) of Assemble

Assembling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assemble

Assemble (v. t.) To collect into one place or body; to bring or call together; to convene; to congregate.

Assemble (v. i.) To meet or come together, as a number of individuals; to convene; to congregate.

Assemble (v. i.) To liken; to compare.

Assembler (n.) One who assembles a number of individuals; also, one of a number assembled.

Assemblies (pl. ) of Assembly

Assembly (n.) A company of persons collected together in one place, and usually for some common purpose, esp. for deliberation and legislation, for worship, or for social entertainment.

Assembly (n.) A collection of inanimate objects.

Assembly (n.) A beat of the drum or sound of the bugle as a signal to troops to assemble.

Assemblymen (pl. ) of Assemblyman

Assemblyman (n.) A member of an assembly, especially of the lower branch of a state legislature.

Assented (imp. & p. p.) of Assent

Assenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assent

Assent (v. t.) To admit a thing as true; to express one's agreement, acquiescence, concurrence, or concession.

Assent (v.) The act of assenting; the act of the mind in admitting or agreeing to anything; concurrence with approval; consent; agreement; acquiescence.

Assentation (n.) Insincere, flattering, or obsequious assent; hypocritical or pretended concurrence.

Assentator (n.) An obsequious; a flatterer.

Assentatory (a.) Flattering; obsequious.

Assenter (n.) One who assents.

Assentient (a.) Assenting.

Assenting (a.) Giving or implying assent.

Assentive (a.) Giving assent; of the nature of assent; complying.

Assentment (n.) Assent; agreement.

Asserted (imp. & p. p.) of Assert

Asserting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assert

Assert (v. t.) To affirm; to declare with assurance, or plainly and strongly; to state positively; to aver; to asseverate.

Assert (v. t.) To maintain; to defend.

Assert (v. t.) To maintain or defend, as a cause or a claim, by words or measures; to vindicate a claim or title to; as, to assert our rights and liberties.

Asserter (n.) One who asserts; one who avers pr maintains; an assertor.

Assertion (n.) The act of asserting, or that which is asserted; positive declaration or averment; affirmation; statement asserted; position advanced.

Assertion (n.) Maintenance; vindication; as, the assertion of one's rights or prerogatives.

Assertive (a.) Positive; affirming confidently; affirmative; peremptory.

Assertor (n.) One who asserts or avers; one who maintains or vindicates a claim or a right; an affirmer, supporter, or vindicator; a defender; an asserter.

Assertorial (a.) Asserting that a thing is; -- opposed to problematical and apodeictical.

Assertory (a.) Affirming; maintaining.

Assessed (imp. & p. p.) of Assess

Assessing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assess

Assess (v.) To value; to make a valuation or official estimate of for the purpose of taxation.

Assess (v.) To apportion a sum to be paid by (a person, a community, or an estate), in the nature of a tax, fine, etc.; to impose a tax upon (a person, an estate, or an income) according to a rate or apportionment.

Assess (v.) To determine and impose a tax or fine upon (a person, community, estate, or income); to tax; as, the club assessed each member twenty-five cents.

Assess (v.) To fix or determine the rate or amount of.

Assessable (a.) Liable to be assessed or taxed; as, assessable property.

Assessee (n.) One who is assessed.

Assession (n.) A sitting beside or near.

Assessment (n.) The act of assessing; the act of determining an amount to be paid; as, an assessment of damages, or of taxes; an assessment of the members of a club.

Assessment (n.) A valuation of property or profits of business, for the purpose of taxation; such valuation and an adjudging of the proper sum to be levied on the property; as, an assessment of property or an assessment on property.

Assessment (n.) The specific sum levied or assessed.

Assessment (n.) An apportionment of a subscription for stock into successive installments; also, one of these installments (in England termed a "call").

Assessor (v.) One appointed or elected to assist a judge or magistrate with his special knowledge of the subject to be decided; as legal assessors, nautical assessors.

Assessor (v.) One who sits by another, as next in dignity, or as an assistant and adviser; an associate in office.

Assessor (v.) One appointed to assess persons or property for the purpose of taxation.

Assessorial (a.) Of or pertaining to an assessor, or to a court of assessors.

Assessorship (n.) The office or function of an assessor.

Asset (n.) Any article or separable part of one's assets.

Assets (n. pl.) Property of a deceased person, subject by law to the payment of his debts and legacies; -- called assets because sufficient to render the executor or administrator liable to the creditors and legatees, so far as such goods or estate may extend.

Assets (n. pl.) Effects of an insolvent debtor or bankrupt, applicable to the payment of debts.

Assets (n. pl.) The entire property of all sorts, belonging to a person, a corporation, or an estate; as, the assets of a merchant or a trading association; -- opposed to liabilities.

Assever (v. t.) See Asseverate.

Asseverated (imp. & p. p.) of Asseverate

Asseverating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Asseverate

Asseverate (v. t.) To affirm or aver positively, or with solemnity.

Asseveration (n.) The act of asseverating, or that which is asseverated; positive affirmation or assertion; solemn declaration.

Asseverative (a.) Characterized by asseveration; asserting positively.

Asseveratory (a.) Asseverative.

Assibilate (v. t.) To make sibilant; to change to a sibilant.

Assibilation (n.) Change of a non-sibilant letter to a sibilant, as of -tion to -shun, duke to ditch.

Assidean (n.) One of a body of devoted Jews who opposed the Hellenistic Jews, and supported the Asmoneans.

Assident (a.) Usually attending a disease, but not always; as, assident signs, or symptoms.

Assiduate (a.) Unremitting; assiduous.

Assiduities (pl. ) of Assiduity

Assiduity (n.) Constant or close application or attention, particularly to some business or enterprise; diligence.

Assiduity (n.) Studied and persevering attention to a person; -- usually in the plural.

Assiduous (a.) Constant in application or attention; devoted; attentive; unremitting.

Assiduous (a.) Performed with constant diligence or attention; unremitting; persistent; as, assiduous labor.

Assiege (v. t.) To besiege.

Assiege (n.) A siege.

Assientist (n.) A shareholder of the Assiento company; one of the parties to the Assiento contract.

Assiento (n.) A contract or convention between Spain and other powers for furnishing negro slaves for the Spanish dominions in America, esp. the contract made with Great Britain in 1713.

Assigned (imp. & p. p.) of Assign

Assigning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assign

Assign (v. t.) To appoint; to allot; to apportion; to make over.

Assign (v. t.) To fix, specify, select, or designate; to point out authoritatively or exactly; as, to assign a limit; to assign counsel for a prisoner; to assign a day for trial.

Assign (v. t.) To transfer, or make over to another, esp. to transfer to, and vest in, certain persons, called assignees, for the benefit of creditors.

Assign (v.) A thing pertaining or belonging to something else; an appurtenance.

Assign (n.) A person to whom property or an interest is transferred; as, a deed to a man and his heirs and assigns.

Assignability (n.) The quality of being assignable.

Assignable (a.) Capable of being assigned, allotted, specified, or designated; as, an assignable note or bill; an assignable reason; an assignable quantity.

Assignat (n.) One of the notes, bills, or bonds, issued as currency by the revolutionary government of France (1790-1796), and based on the security of the lands of the church and of nobles which had been appropriated by the state.

Assignation (n.) The act of assigning or allotting; apportionment.

Assignation (n.) An appointment of time and place for meeting or interview; -- used chiefly of love interviews, and now commonly in a bad sense.

Assignation (n.) A making over by transfer of title; assignment.

Assignee (v.) A person to whom an assignment is made; a person appointed or deputed by another to do some act, perform some business, or enjoy some right, privilege, or property; as, an assignee of a bankrupt. See Assignment (c). An assignee may be by special appointment or deed, or be created by jaw; as an executor.

Assignee (v.) In England, the persons appointed, under a commission of bankruptcy, to manage the estate of a bankrupt for the benefit of his creditors.

Assigner (n.) One who assigns, appoints, allots, or apportions.

Assignment (n.) An allotting or an appointment to a particular person or use; or for a particular time, as of a cause or causes in court.

Assignment (n.) A transfer of title or interest by writing, as of lease, bond, note, or bill of exchange; a transfer of the whole of some particular estate or interest in lands.

Assignment (n.) The writing by which an interest is transferred.

Assignment (n.) The transfer of the property of a bankrupt to certain persons called assignees, in whom it is vested for the benefit of creditors.

Assignor (n.) An assigner; a person who assigns or transfers an interest; as, the assignor of a debt or other chose in action.

Assimilability (n.) The quality of being assimilable.

Assimilable (a.) That may be assimilated; that may be likened, or appropriated and incorporated.

Assimilated (imp. & p. p.) of Assimilate

Assimilating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assimilate

Assimilate (v. t.) To bring to a likeness or to conformity; to cause a resemblance between.

Assimilate (v. t.) To liken; to compa/e.

Assimilate (v. t.) To appropriate and transform or incorporate into the substance of the assimilating body; to absorb or appropriate, as nourishment; as, food is assimilated and converted into organic tissue.

Assimilate (v. i.) To become similar or like something else.

Assimilate (v. i.) To change and appropriate nourishment so as to make it a part of the substance of the assimilating body.

Assimilate (v. i.) To be converted into the substance of the assimilating body; to become incorporated; as, some kinds of food assimilate more readily than others.

Assimilation (n.) The act or process of assimilating or bringing to a resemblance, likeness, or identity; also, the state of being so assimilated; as, the assimilation of one sound to another.

Assimilation (n.) The conversion of nutriment into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption, whether in plants or animals.

Assimilative (a.) Tending to, or characterized by, assimilation; that assimilates or causes assimilation; as, an assimilative process or substance.

Assimilatory (a.) Tending to assimilate, or produce assimilation; as, assimilatory organs.

Assimulate (v. t.) To feign; to counterfeit; to simulate; to resemble.

Assimulate (v. t.) To assimilate.

Assimulation (n.) Assimilation.

Assinego (n.) See Asinego.

Assish (a.) Resembling an ass; asinine; stupid or obstinate.

Assisted (imp. & p. p.) of Assist

Assisting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assist

Assist (v. t.) To give support to in some undertaking or effort, or in time of distress; to help; to aid; to succor.

Assist (v. i.) To lend aid; to help.

Assist (v. i.) To be present as a spectator; as, to assist at a public meeting.

Assistance (n.) The act of assisting; help; aid; furtherance; succor; support.

Assistance (n.) An assistant or helper; a body of helpers.

Assistance (n.) Persons present.

Assistant (a.) Helping; lending aid or support; auxiliary.

Assistant (a.) Of the second grade in the staff of the army; as, an assistant surgeon.

Assistant (n.) One who, or that which, assists; a helper; an auxiliary; a means of help.

Assistant (n.) An attendant; one who is present.

Assistantly (adv.) In a manner to give aid.

Assister (n.) An assistant; a helper.

Assistful (a.) Helpful.

Assistive (a.) Lending aid, helping.

Assistless (a.) Without aid or help.

Assistor (n.) A assister.

Assithment (n.) See Assythment.

Assize (n.) An assembly of knights and other substantial men, with a bailiff or justice, in a certain place and at a certain time, for public business.

Assize (n.) A special kind of jury or inquest.

Assize (n.) A kind of writ or real action.

Assize (n.) A verdict or finding of a jury upon such writ.

Assize (n.) A statute or ordinance in general. Specifically: (1) A statute regulating the weight, measure, and proportions of ingredients and the price of articles sold in the market; as, the assize of bread and other provisions; (2) A statute fixing the standard of weights and measures.

Assize (n.) Anything fixed or reduced to a certainty in point of time, number, quantity, quality, weight, measure, etc.; as, rent of assize.

Assize (n.) A court, the sitting or session of a court, for the trial of processes, whether civil or criminal, by a judge and jury.

Assize (n.) The periodical sessions of the judges of the superior courts in every county of England for the purpose of administering justice in the trial and determination of civil and criminal cases; -- usually in the plural.

Assize (n.) The time or place of holding the court of assize; -- generally in the plural, assizes.

Assize (n.) Measure; dimension; size.

Assized (imp. & p. p.) of Assize

Assizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assize

Assize (v.) To assess; to value; to rate.

Assize (v.) To fix the weight, measure, or price of, by an ordinance or regulation of authority.

Assizer (n.) An officer who has the care or inspection of weights and measures, etc.

Assizor (n.) A juror.

Assober (v. t.) To make or keep sober.

Associability (n.) The quality of being associable, or capable of association; associableness.

Associable (a.) Capable of being associated or joined.

Associable (a.) Sociable; companionable.

Associable (a.) Liable to be affected by sympathy with other parts; -- said of organs, nerves, muscles, etc.

Associableness (n.) Associability.

Associated (imp. & p. p.) of Associate

Associating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Associate

Associate (v. t.) To join with one, as a friend, companion, partner, or confederate; as, to associate others with us in business, or in an enterprise.

Associate (v. t.) To join or connect; to combine in acting; as, particles of gold associated with other substances.

Associate (v. t.) To connect or place together in thought.

Associate (v. t.) To accompany; to keep company with.

Associate (v. i.) To unite in company; to keep company, implying intimacy; as, congenial minds are disposed to associate.

Associate (v. i.) To unite in action, or to be affected by the action of a different part of the body.

Associate (a.) Closely connected or joined with some other, as in interest, purpose, employment, or office; sharing responsibility or authority; as, an associate judge.

Associate (a.) Admitted to some, but not to all, rights and privileges; as, an associate member.

Associate (a.) Connected by habit or sympathy; as, associate motions, such as occur sympathetically, in consequence of preceding motions.

Associate (n.) A companion; one frequently in company with another, implying intimacy or equality; a mate; a fellow.

Associate (n.) A partner in interest, as in business; or a confederate in a league.

Associate (n.) One connected with an association or institution without the full rights or privileges of a regular member; as, an associate of the Royal Academy.

Associate (n.) Anything closely or usually connected with another; an concomitant.

Associated (a.) Joined as a companion; brought into association; accompanying; combined.

Associateship (n.) The state of an associate, as in Academy or an office.

Association (n.) The act of associating, or state of being associated; union; connection, whether of persons of things.

Association (n.) Mental connection, or that which is mentally linked or associated with a thing.

Association (n.) Union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose; as, the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a benevolent association. Specifically, as among the Congregationalists, a society, consisting of a number of ministers, generally the pastors of neighboring churches, united for promoting the interests of religion and the harmony of the churches.

Associational (a.) Of or pertaining to association, or to an association.

Associational (a.) Pertaining to the theory held by the associationists.

Associationism (n.) The doctrine or theory held by associationists.

Associationist (n.) One who explains the higher functions and relations of the soul by the association of ideas; e. g., Hartley, J. C. Mill.

Associative (a.) Having the quality of associating; tending or leading to association; as, the associative faculty.

Associator (n.) An associate; a confederate or partner in any scheme.

Assoil (v. t.) To set free; to release.

Assoil (v. t.) To solve; to clear up.

Assoil (v. t.) To set free from guilt; to absolve.

Assoil (v. t.) To expiate; to atone for.

Assoil (v. t.) To remove; to put off.

Assoil (v. t.) To soil; to stain.

Assoilment (n.) Act of assoiling, or state of being assoiled; absolution; acquittal.

Assoilment (n.) A soiling; defilement.

Assoilzie (v. t.) Alt. of Assoilyie

Assoilyie (v. t.) To absolve; to acquit by sentence of court.

Assonance (n.) Resemblance of sound.

Assonance (n.) A peculiar species of rhyme, in which the last acce`ted vow`l and tnose whioh follow it in one word correspond in sound with the vowels of another word, while the consonants of the two words are unlike in sound; as, calamo and platano, baby and chary.

Assonance (n.) Incomplete correspondence.

Assonant (a.) Having a resemblance of sounds.

Assonant (a.) Pertaining to the peculiar species of rhyme called assonance; not consonant.

Assonantal (a.) Assonant.

Assonate (v. i.) To correspond in sound.

Assorted (imp. & p. p.) of Assort

Assorting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assort

Assort (v. t.) To separate and distribute into classes, as things of a like kind, nature, or quality, or which are suited to a like purpose; to classify; as, to assort goods. [Rarely applied to persons.]

Assort (v. t.) To furnish with, or make up of, various sorts or a variety of goods; as, to assort a cargo.

Assort (v. i.) To agree; to be in accordance; to be adapted; to suit; to fall into a class or place.

Assorted (a.) Selected; culled.

Assortment (n.) Act of assorting, or distributing into sorts, kinds, or classes.

Assortment (n.) A collection or quantity of things distributed into kinds or sorts; a number of things assorted.

Assortment (n.) A collection containing a variety of sorts or kinds adapted to various wants, demands, or purposes; as, an assortment of goods.

Assot (v. t.) To besot; to befool; to beguile; to infatuate.

Assot (a.) Dazed; foolish; infatuated.

Assuaged (imp. & p. p.) of Assuage

Assuaging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assuage

Assuage (v. t.) To soften, in a figurative sense; to allay, mitigate, ease, or lessen, as heat, pain, or grief; to appease or pacify, as passion or tumult; to satisfy, as appetite or desire.

Assuage (v. i.) To abate or subside.

Assuagement (n.) Mitigation; abatement.

Assuager (n.) One who, or that which, assuages.

Assuasive (a.) Mitigating; tranquilizing; soothing.

Assubjugate (v. t.) To bring into subjection.

Assuefaction (n.) The act of accustoming, or the state of being accustomed; habituation.

Assuetude (n.) Accustomedness; habit; habitual use.

Assumable (a.) That may be assumed.

Assumably (adv.) By way of assumption.

Assumed (imp. & p. p.) of Assume

Assuming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assume

Assume (v. t.) To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly.

Assume (v. t.) To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively.

Assume (v. t.) To pretend to possess; to take in appearance.

Assume (v. t.) To receive or adopt.

Assume (v. i.) To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.

Assume (v. i.) To undertake, as by a promise.

Assumed (a.) Supposed.

Assumed (a.) Pretended; hypocritical; make-believe; as, an assumed character.

Assumedly (adv.) By assumption.

Assument (n.) A patch; an addition; a piece put on.

Assumer (n.) One who assumes, arrogates, pretends, or supposes.

Assuming (a.) Pretentious; taking much upon one's self; presumptuous.

Assumpsit (n.) A promise or undertaking, founded on a consideration. This promise may be oral or in writing not under seal. It may be express or implied.

Assumpsit (n.) An action to recover damages for a breach or nonperformance of a contract or promise, express or implied, oral or in writing not under seal. Common or indebitatus assumpsit is brought for the most part on an implied promise. Special assumpsit is founded on an express promise or undertaking.

Assumpt (v. t.) To take up; to elevate; to assume.

Assumpt (n.) That which is assumed; an assumption.

Assumption (n.) The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one's self; the act of taking up or adopting.

Assumption (n.) The act of taking for granted, or supposing a thing without proof; supposition; unwarrantable claim.

Assumption (n.) The thing supposed; a postulate, or proposition assumed; a supposition.

Assumption (n.) The minor or second proposition in a categorical syllogism.

Assumption (n.) The taking of a person up into heaven.

Assumption (n.) A festival in honor of the ascent of the Virgin Mary into heaven.

Assumptive (a.) Assumed, or capable of being assumed; characterized by assumption; making unwarranted claims.

Assurance (n.) The act of assuring; a declaration tending to inspire full confidence; that which is designed to give confidence.

Assurance (n.) The state of being assured; firm persuasion; full confidence or trust; freedom from doubt; certainty.

Assurance (n.) Firmness of mind; undoubting, steadiness; intrepidity; courage; confidence; self-reliance.

Assurance (n.) Excess of boldness; impudence; audacity; as, his assurance is intolerable.

Assurance (n.) Betrothal; affiance.

Assurance (n.) Insurance; a contract for the payment of a sum on occasion of a certain event, as loss or death.

Assurance (n.) Any written or other legal evidence of the conveyance of property; a conveyance; a deed.

Assured (imp. & p. p.) of Assure

Assuring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Assure

Assure (v. t.) To make sure or certain; to render confident by a promise, declaration, or other evidence.

Assure (v. t.) To declare to, solemnly; to assert to (any one) with the design of inspiring belief or confidence.

Assure (v. t.) To confirm; to make certain or secure.

Assure (v. t.) To affiance; to betroth.

Assure (v. t.) To insure; to covenant to indemnify for loss, or to pay a specified sum at death. See Insure.

Assured (a.) Made sure; safe; insured; certain; indubitable; not doubting; bold to excess.

Assured (n.) One whose life or property is insured.

Assuredly (adv.) Certainly; indubitably.

Assuredness (n.) The state of being assured; certainty; full confidence.

Assurer (n.) One who assures. Specifically: One who insures against loss; an insurer or underwriter.

Assurer (n.) One who takes out a life assurance policy.

Assurgency (n.) Act of rising.

Assurgent (a.) Ascending

Assurgent (a.) rising obliquely; curving upward.

Assuring (a.) That assures; tending to assure; giving confidence.

Asswage (v.) See Assuage.

Assyrian (a.) Of or pertaining to Assyria, or to its inhabitants.

Assyrian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Assyria; the language of Assyria.

Assyriological (a.) Of or pertaining to Assyriology; as, Assyriological studies.

Assyriologist (n.) One versed in Assyriology; a student of Assyrian archaeology.

Assyriology (n.) The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria.

Assythment (n.) Indemnification for injury; satisfaction.

Astacus (n.) A genus of crustaceans, containing the crawfish of fresh-water lobster of Europe, and allied species of western North America. See Crawfish.

Astarboard (adv.) Over to the starboard side; -- said of the tiller.

Astart (v. t. & i.) Same as Astert.

Astarte (n.) A genus of bivalve mollusks, common on the coasts of America and Europe.

Astate (n.) Estate; state.

Astatic (a.) Having little or no tendency to take a fixed or definite position or direction: thus, a suspended magnetic needle, when rendered astatic, loses its polarity, or tendency to point in a given direction.

Astatically (adv.) In an astatic manner.

Astaticism (n.) The state of being astatic.

Astay (adv.) An anchor is said to be astay, when, in heaving it, an acute angle is formed between the cable and the surface of the water.

Asteism (n.) Genteel irony; a polite and ingenious manner of deriding another.

Astel (n.) An arch, or ceiling, of boards, placed over the men's heads in a mine.

Aster (n.) A genus of herbs with compound white or bluish flowers; starwort; Michaelmas daisy.

Aster (n.) A plant of the genus Callistephus. Many varieties (called China asters, German asters, etc.) are cultivated for their handsome compound flowers.

Asterias (n.) A genus of echinoderms.

Asteriated (a.) Radiated, with diverging rays; as, asteriated sapphire.

Asteridian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Asterioidea.

Asteridian (n.) A starfish; one of the Asterioidea.

Asterioidea (n. pl.) Alt. of Asteridea

Asteridea (n. pl.) A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is star-shaped or pentagonal.

Asterion (n.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.

Asteriscus (n.) The smaller of the two otoliths found in the inner ear of many fishes.

Asterisk (n.) The figure of a star, thus, /, used in printing and writing as a reference to a passage or note in the margin, to supply the omission of letters or words, or to mark a word or phrase as having a special character.

Asterism (n.) A constellation.

Asterism (n.) A small cluster of stars.

Asterism (n.) An asterisk, or mark of reference.

Asterism (n.) Three asterisks placed in this manner, /, to direct attention to a particular passage.

Asterism (n.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.

Astern (adv.) In or at the hinder part of a ship; toward the hinder part, or stern; backward; as, to go astern.

Astern (adv.) Behind a ship; in the rear.

Asternal (a.) Not sternal; -- said of ribs which do not join the sternum.

Asteroid (n.) A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.

Asteroidal (a.) Of or pertaining to an asteroid, or to the asteroids.

Asterolepis (n.) A genus of fishes, some of which were eighteen or twenty feet long, found in a fossil state in the Old Red Sandstone.

Asterophyllite (n.) A fossil plant from the coal formations of Europe and America, now regarded as the branchlets and foliage of calamites.

Astert (v. t.) To start up; to befall; to escape; to shun.

Astert (v. i.) To escape.

Asthenia (n.) Alt. of Astheny

Astheny (n.) Want or loss of strength; debility; diminution of the vital forces.

Asthenic (a.) Characterized by, or pertaining to, debility; weak; debilitating.

Asthenopia (n.) Weakness of sight.

Asthma (n.) A disease, characterized by difficulty of breathing (due to a spasmodic contraction of the bronchi), recurring at intervals, accompanied with a wheezing sound, a sense of constriction in the chest, a cough, and expectoration.

Asthmatic (a.) Alt. of Asthmatical

Asthmatical (a.) Of or pertaining to asthma; as, an asthmatic cough; liable to, or suffering from, asthma; as, an asthmatic patient.

Asthmatic (n.) A person affected with asthma.

Astigmatic (a.) Affected with, or pertaining to, astigmatism; as, astigmatic eyes; also, remedying astigmatism; as, astigmatic lenses.

Astigmatism (n.) A defect of the eye or of a lens, in consequence of which the rays derived from one point are not brought to a single focal point, thus causing imperfect images or indistinctness of vision.

Astipulate (v. i.) To assent.

Astipulation (n.) Stipulation; agreement.

Astir (adv. & a.) Stirring; in a state of activity or motion; out of bed.

Astomatous (a.) Alt. of Astomous

Astomous (a.) Not possessing a mouth.

Astoned (imp. & p. p.) of Astone

Astond () of Astone

Astound () of Astone

Aston (v. t.) Alt. of Astone

Astone (v. t.) To stun; to astonish; to stupefy.

Astonied (p. p.) Stunned; astonished. See Astony.

Astonished (imp. & p. p.) of Astonish

Astonishing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Astonish

Astonish (v. t.) To stun; to render senseless, as by a blow.

Astonish (v. t.) To strike with sudden fear, terror, or wonder; to amaze; to surprise greatly, as with something unaccountable; to confound with some sudden emotion or passion.

Astonishedly (adv.) In an astonished manner.

Astonishing (a.) Very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; as, an astonishing event.

Astonishment (n.) The condition of one who is stunned. Hence: Numbness; loss of sensation; stupor; loss of sense.

Astonishment (n.) Dismay; consternation.

Astonishment (n.) The overpowering emotion excited when something unaccountable, wonderful, or dreadful is presented to the mind; an intense degree of surprise; amazement.

Astonishment (n.) The object causing such an emotion.

Astonied (imp. & p. p.) of Astony

Astonying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Astony

Astony (v. t.) To stun; to bewilder; to astonish; to dismay.

Astoop (adv.) In a stooping or inclined position.

Astound (a.) Stunned; astounded; astonished.

Astounded (imp. & p. p.) of Astound

Astound () of Astound

Astounding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Astound

Astound (a.) To stun; to stupefy.

Astound (a.) To astonish; to strike with amazement; to confound with wonder, surprise, or fear.

Astounding (a.) Of a nature to astound; astonishing; amazing; as, an astounding force, statement, or fact.

Astoundment (n.) Amazement.

Astrachan (a. & n.) See Astrakhan.

Astraddle (adv.) In a straddling position; astride; bestriding; as, to sit astraddle a horse.

Astraean (a.) Pertaining to the genus Astraea or the family Astraeidae.

Astraean (n.) A coral of the family Astraeidae; a star coral.

Astragal (n.) A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle.

Astragal (n.) A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.

Astragalar (a.) Of or pertaining to the astragalus.

Astragaloid (a.) Resembling the astragalus in form.

Astragalomancy (n.) Divination by means of small bones or dice.

Astragalus (n.) The ankle bone, or hock bone; the bone of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia at the ankle.

Astragalus (n.) A genus of papilionaceous plants, of the tribe Galegeae, containing numerous species, two of which are called, in English, milk vetch and licorice vetch. Gum tragacanth is obtained from different oriental species, particularly the A. gummifer and A. verus.

Astragalus (n.) See Astragal, 1.

Astrakhan (a.) Of or pertaining to Astrakhan in Russia or its products; made of an Astrakhan skin.

Astrakhan (n.) The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur.

Astral (a.) Pertaining to, coming from, or resembling, the stars; starry; starlike.

Astrand (adv. & a.) Stranded.

Astray (adv. & a.) Out of the right, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering; as, to lead one astray.

Astricted (imp. & p. p.) of Astrict

Astricting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Astrict

Astrict (v. t.) To bind up; to confine; to constrict; to contract.

Astrict (v. t.) To bind; to constrain; to restrict; to limit.

Astrict (v. t.) To restrict the tenure of; as, to astrict lands. See Astriction, 4.

Astrict (a.) Concise; contracted.

Astriction (n.) The act of binding; restriction; also, obligation.

Astriction (n.) A contraction of parts by applications; the action of an astringent substance on the animal economy.

Astriction (n.) Constipation.

Astriction (n.) Astringency.

Astriction (n.) An obligation to have the grain growing on certain lands ground at a certain mill, the owner paying a toll.

Astrictive (a.) Binding; astringent.

Astrictive (n.) An astringent.

Astrictory (a.) Astrictive.

Astride (adv.) With one leg on each side, as a man when on horseback; with the legs stretched wide apart; astraddle.

Astriferous (a.) Bearing stars.

Astringed (imp. & p. p.) of Astringe

Astringing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Astringe

Astringe (v. t.) To bind fast; to constrict; to contract; to cause parts to draw together; to compress.

Astringe (v. t.) To bind by moral or legal obligation.

Astringency (n.) The quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin.

Astringent (a.) Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; -- opposed to laxative; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit.

Astringent (a.) Stern; austere; as, an astringent type of virtue.

Astringent (n.) A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc.

Astringently (adv.) In an astringent manner.

Astringer (n.) A falconer who keeps a goshawk.

Astro- () The combining form of the Greek word 'a`stron, meaning star.

Astrofel (n.) Alt. of Astrofell

Astrofell (n.) A bitter herb, probably the same as aster, or starwort.

Astrogeny (n.) The creation or evolution of the stars or the heavens.

Astrognosy (n.) The science or knowledge of the stars, esp. the fixed stars.

Astrogony (n.) Same as Astrogeny.

Astrography (n.) The art of describing or delineating the stars; a description or mapping of the heavens.

Astroite (n.) A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone.

Astrolabe (n.) An instrument for observing or showing the positions of the stars. It is now disused.

Astrolabe (n.) A stereographic projection of the sphere on the plane of a great circle, as the equator, or a meridian; a planisphere.

Astrolater (n.) A worshiper of the stars.

Astrolatry (n.) The worship of the stars.

Astrolithology (n.) The science of aerolites.

Astrologer (n.) One who studies the stars; an astronomer.

Astrologer (n.) One who practices astrology; one who professes to foretell events by the aspects and situation of the stars.

Astrologian (n.) An astrologer.

Astrologic (a.) Alt. of Astrological

Astrological (a.) Of or pertaining to astrology; professing or practicing astrology.

Astrologize (v. t. & i.) To apply astrology to; to study or practice astrology.

Astrology (n.) In its etymological signification, the science of the stars; among the ancients, synonymous with astronomy; subsequently, the art of judging of the influences of the stars upon human affairs, and of foretelling events by their position and aspects.

Astromantic (a.) Of or pertaining to divination by means of the stars; astrologic.

Astrometeorology (n.) The investigation of the relation between the sun, moon, and stars, and the weather.

Astrometer (n.) An instrument for comparing the relative amount of the light of stars.

Astrometry (n.) The art of making measurements among the stars, or of determining their relative magnitudes.

Astronomer (n.) An astrologer.

Astronomer (n.) One who is versed in astronomy; one who has a knowledge of the laws of the heavenly orbs, or the principles by which their motions are regulated, with their various phenomena.

Astronomian (n.) An astrologer.

Astronomic (a.) Astronomical.

Astronomical (a.) Of or pertaining to astronomy; in accordance with the methods or principles of astronomy.

Astronomize (v. i.) To study or to talk astronomy.

Astronomy (n.) Astrology.

Astronomy (n.) The science which treats of the celestial bodies, of their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolution, eclipses, constitution, physical condition, and of the causes of their various phenomena.

Astronomy (n.) A treatise on, or text-book of, the science.

Astrophel (n.) See Astrofel.

Astrophotography (n.) The application of photography to the delineation of the sun, moon, and stars.

Astrophysical (a.) Pertaining to the physics of astronomical science.

Astrophyton (n.) A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.

Astroscope (n.) An old astronomical instrument, formed of two cones, on whose surface the constellations were delineated.

Astroscopy (n.) Observation of the stars.

Astrotheology (n.) Theology founded on observation or knowledge of the celestial bodies.

Astructive (a.) Building up; constructive; -- opposed to destructive.

Astrut (a. & adv.) Sticking out, or puffed out; swelling; in a swelling manner.

Astrut (a. & adv.) In a strutting manner; with a strutting gait.

Astucious (a.) Subtle; cunning; astute.

Astucity (n.) Craftiness; astuteness.

Astun (v. t.) To stun.

Asturian (a.) Of or pertaining to Asturias in Spain.

Asturian (n.) A native of Asturias.

Astute (a.) Critically discerning; sagacious; shrewd; subtle; crafty.

Astylar (a.) Without columns or pilasters.

Astyllen (n.) A small dam to prevent free passage of water in an adit or level.

Asunder (adv.) Apart; separate from each other; into parts; in two; separately; into or in different pieces or places.

Asura (n.) An enemy of the gods, esp. one of a race of demons and giants.

Aswail (n.) The sloth bear (Melursus labiatus) of India.

Asweve (v. t.) To stupefy.

Aswing (adv.) In a state of swinging.

Aswoon (adv.) In a swoon.

Aswooned (adv.) In a swoon.

Asylums (pl. ) of Asylum

Asyla (pl. ) of Asylum

Asylum (n.) A sanctuary or place of refuge and protection, where criminals and debtors found shelter, and from which they could not be forcibly taken without sacrilege.

Asylum (n.) Any place of retreat and security.

Asylum (n.) An institution for the protection or relief of some class of destitute, unfortunate, or afflicted persons; as, an asylum for the aged, for the blind, or for the insane; a lunatic asylum; an orphan asylum.

Asymmetral (a.) Incommensurable; also, unsymmetrical.

Asymmetric (a.) Alt. of Asymmetrical

Asymmetrical (a.) Incommensurable.

Asymmetrical (a.) Not symmetrical; wanting proportion; esp., not bilaterally symmetrical.

Asymmetrous (a.) Asymmetrical.

Asymmetry (n.) Want of symmetry, or proportion between the parts of a thing, esp. want of bilateral symmetry.

Asymmetry (n.) Incommensurability.

Asymptote (n.) A line which approaches nearer to some curve than assignable distance, but, though infinitely extended, would never meet it. Asymptotes may be straight lines or curves. A rectilinear asymptote may be conceived as a tangent to the curve at an infinite distance.

Asynartete (a.) Disconnected; not fitted or adjusted.

Asyndetic (a.) Characterized by the use of asyndeton; not connected by conjunctions.

Asyndeton (n.) A figure which omits the connective; as, I came, I saw, I conquered. It stands opposed to polysyndeton.

Asystole (n.) A weakening or cessation of the contractile power of the heart.

Asystolism (n.) The state or symptoms characteristic of asystole.

Escalade (v. t.) A furious attack made by troops on a fortified place, in which ladders are used to pass a ditch or mount a rampart.

Escaladed (imp. & p. p.) of Escalade

Escalading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Escalade

Escalade (v. t.) To mount and pass or enter by means of ladders; to scale; as, to escalate a wall.

Escallop (n.) See Escalop.

Escalloped (a.) See Escaloped.

Escalop (n.) A bivalve shell of the genus Pecten. See Scallop.

Escalop (n.) A regular, curving indenture in the margin of anything. See Scallop.

Escalop (n.) The figure or shell of an escalop, considered as a sign that the bearer had been on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

Escalop (n.) A bearing or a charge consisting of an escalop shell.

Escaloped (a.) Cut or marked in the form of an escalop; scalloped.

Escaloped (a.) Covered with a pattern resembling a series of escalop shells, each of which issues from between two others. Its appearance is that of a surface covered with scales.

Escambio (n.) A license formerly required for the making over a bill of exchange to another over sea.

Escapable (a.) Avoidable.

Escapade (n.) The fling of a horse, or ordinary kicking back of his heels; a gambol.

Escapade (n.) Act by which one breaks loose from the rules of propriety or good sense; a freak; a prank.

Escaped (imp. & p. p.) of Escape

Escaping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Escape

Escape (v.) To flee from and avoid; to be saved or exempt from; to shun; to obtain security from; as, to escape danger.

Escape (v.) To avoid the notice of; to pass unobserved by; to evade; as, the fact escaped our attention.

Escape (v. i.) To flee, and become secure from danger; -- often followed by from or out of.

Escape (v. i.) To get clear from danger or evil of any form; to be passed without harm.

Escape (v. i.) To get free from that which confines or holds; -- used of persons or things; as, to escape from prison, from arrest, or from slavery; gas escapes from the pipes; electricity escapes from its conductors.

Escape (n.) The act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evil; flight; as, an escape in battle; a narrow escape; also, the means of escape; as, a fire escape.

Escape (n.) That which escapes attention or restraint; a mistake; an oversight; also, transgression.

Escape (n.) A sally.

Escape (n.) The unlawful permission, by a jailer or other custodian, of a prisoner's departure from custody.

Escape (n.) An apophyge.

Escape (n.) Leakage or outflow, as of steam or a liquid.

Escape (n.) Leakage or loss of currents from the conducting wires, caused by defective insulation.

Escapement (n.) The act of escaping; escape.

Escapement (n.) Way of escape; vent.

Escapement (n.) The contrivance in a timepiece which connects the train of wheel work with the pendulum or balance, giving to the latter the impulse by which it is kept in vibration; -- so called because it allows a tooth to escape from a pallet at each vibration.

Escaper (n.) One who escapes.

Escarbuncle (n.) See Carbuncle, 3.

Escargatoire (n.) A nursery of snails.

Escarp (n.) The side of the ditch next the parapet; -- same as scarp, and opposed to counterscarp.

Escarped (imp. & p. p.) of Escarp

Escarping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Escarp

Escarp (v. t.) To make into, or furnish with, a steep slope, like that of a scrap.

Escarpment (n.) A steep descent or declivity; steep face or edge of a ridge; ground about a fortified place, cut away nearly vertically to prevent hostile approach. See Scarp.

-escent () A suffix signifying beginning, beginning to be; as, adolescent, effervescent, etc.

Eschalot (n.) See Shallot.

Eschar (n.) A dry slough, crust, or scab, which separates from the healthy part of the body, as that produced by a burn, or the application of caustics.

Eschar (n.) In Ireland, one of the continuous mounds or ridges of gravelly and sandy drift which extend for many miles over the surface of the country. Similar ridges in Scotland are called kames or kams.

Eschara (n.) A genus of Bryozoa which produce delicate corals, often incrusting like lichens, but sometimes branched.

Escharine (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Eschara, or family Escharidae.

Escharotic (a.) Serving or tending to form an eschar; producing a scar; caustic.

Escharotic (n.) A substance which produces an eschar; a caustic, esp., a mild caustic.

Eschatological (a.) Pertaining to the last or final things.

Eschatology (n.) The doctrine of the last or final things, as death, judgment, and the events therewith connected.

Eschaunge (n.) Exchange.

Escheat (n.) The falling back or reversion of lands, by some casualty or accident, to the lord of the fee, in consequence of the extinction of the blood of the tenant, which may happen by his dying without heirs, and formerly might happen by corruption of blood, that is, by reason of a felony or attainder.

Escheat (n.) The reverting of real property to the State, as original and ultimate proprietor, by reason of a failure of persons legally entitled to hold the same.

Escheat (n.) A writ, now abolished, to recover escheats from the person in possession.

Escheat (n.) Lands which fall to the lord or the State by escheat.

Escheat (n.) That which falls to one; a reversion or return

Esheated (imp. & p. p.) of Escheat

Escheating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Escheat

Escheat (v. i.) To revert, or become forfeited, to the lord, the crown, or the State, as lands by the failure of persons entitled to hold the same, or by forfeiture.

Escheat (v. t.) To forfeit.

Escheatable (a.) Liable to escheat.

Escheatage (n.) The right of succeeding to an escheat.

Escheator (n.) An officer whose duty it is to observe what escheats have taken place, and to take charge of them.

Eschevin (n.) The alderman or chief officer of an ancient guild.

Eshewed (imp. & p. p.) of Eschew

Eshewing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Eschew

Eschew (a.) To shun; to avoid, as something wrong, or from a feeling of distaste; to keep one's self clear of.

Eschew (a.) To escape from; to avoid.

Eschewer (n.) One who eschews.

Eschewment (n.) The act of eschewing.

Eschscholtzia (n.) A genus of papaveraceous plants, found in California and upon the west coast of North America, some species of which produce beautiful yellow, orange, rose-colored, or white flowers; the California poppy.

Eschynite (n.) A rare mineral, containing chiefly niobium, titanium, thorium, and cerium. It was so called by Berzelius on account of the inability of chemical science, at the time of its discovery, to separate some of its constituents.

Escocheon (n.) Escutcheon.

Escopet (n.) Alt. of Escopette

Escopette (n.) A kind of firearm; a carbine.

Escorial (n.) See Escurial.

Escort (n.) A body of armed men to attend a person of distinction for the sake of affording safety when on a journey; one who conducts some one as an attendant; a guard, as of prisoners on a march; also, a body of persons, attending as a mark of respect or honor; -- applied to movements on land, as convoy is to movements at sea.

Escort (n.) Protection, care, or safeguard on a journey or excursion; as, to travel under the escort of a friend.

Escorted (imp. & p. p.) of Escort

Escorting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Escort

Escort (n.) To attend with a view to guard and protect; to accompany as safeguard; to give honorable or ceremonious attendance to; -- used esp. with reference to journeys or excursions on land; as, to escort a public functionary, or a lady; to escort a baggage wagon.

Escot (n.) See Scot, a tax.

Escot (v. t.) To pay the reckoning for; to support; to maintain.

Escouade (n.) See Squad,

Escout (n.) See Scout.

Escribed (a.) Drawn outside of; -- used to designate a circle that touches one of the sides of a given triangle, and also the other two sides produced.

Escript (n.) A writing.

Escritoire (n.) A piece of furniture used as a writing table, commonly with drawers, pigeonholes, and the like; a secretary or writing desk.

Escritorial (a.) Of or pertaining to an escritoire.

Escrod (n.) See Scrod, a young cod.

Escrol (n.) Alt. of Escroll

Escroll (n.) A scroll.

Escroll (n.) A long strip or scroll resembling a ribbon or a band of parchment, or the like, anciently placed above the shield, and supporting the crest.

Escroll (n.) In modern heraldry, a similar ribbon on which the motto is inscribed.

Escrow (n.) A deed, bond, or other written engagement, delivered to a third person, to be held by him till some act is done or some condition is performed, and then to be by him delivered to the grantee.

Escuage (n.) Service of the shield, a species of knight service by which a tenant was bound to follow his lord to war, at his own charge. It was afterward exchanged for a pecuniary satisfaction. Called also scutage.

Esculapian (n.) Aesculapian.

Esculapius (n.) Same as Aesculapius.

Esculent (a.) Suitable to be used by man for food; eatable; edible; as, esculent plants; esculent fish.

Esculent (n.) Anything that is fit for eating; that which may be safely eaten by man.

Esculic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the horse-chestnut; as, esculic acid.

Esculin (n.) A glucoside obtained from the Aesculus hippocastanum, or horse-chestnut, and characterized by its fine blue fluorescent solutions.

Escurial (n.) A palace and mausoleum of the kinds of Spain, being a vast and wonderful structure about twenty-five miles northwest of Madrid.

Escutcheon (n.) The surface, usually a shield, upon which bearings are marshaled and displayed. The surface of the escutcheon is called the field, the upper part is called the chief, and the lower part the base (see Chiff, and Field.). That side of the escutcheon which is on the right hand of the knight who bears the shield on his arm is called dexter, and the other side sinister.

Escutcheon (n.) A marking upon the back of a cow's udder and the space above it (the perineum), formed by the hair growing upward or outward instead of downward. It is esteemed an index of milking qualities.

Escutcheon (n.) That part of a vessel's stern on which her name is written.

Escutcheon (n.) A thin metal plate or shield to protect wood, or for ornament, as the shield around a keyhole.

Escutcheon (n.) The depression behind the beak of certain bivalves; the ligamental area.

Escutcheoned (a.) Having an escutcheon; furnished with a coat of arms or ensign.

Ese (n.) Ease; pleasure.

Esemplastic (a.) Shaped into one; tending to, or formative into, unity.

Eserine (n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean, and the seed of Physostigma venenosum; physostigmine. It is used in ophthalmic surgery for its effect in contracting the pupil.

Esexual (a.) Sexless; asexual.

Esguard (n.) Guard.

Eskar (n.) Alt. of Esker

Esker (n.) See Eschar.

Eskimos (pl. ) of Eskimo

Eskimo (n.) One of a peculiar race inhabiting Arctic America and Greenland. In many respects the Eskimos resemble the Mongolian race.

Esloin (v. t.) To remove; to banish; to withdraw; to avoid; to eloign.

Esnecy (n.) A prerogative given to the eldest coparcener to choose first after an inheritance is divided.

Esodic (a.) Conveying impressions from the surface of the body to the spinal cord; -- said of certain nerves. Opposed to exodic.

Esophagal (a.) Esophageal.

Esophageal (a.) Pertaining to the esophagus.

Esophagean (a.) Esophageal.

Esophagotomy (n.) The operation of making an incision into the esophagus, for the purpose of removing any foreign substance that obstructs the passage.

Esophagus (n.) That part of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and the stomach; the gullet. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus, under Digestive.

Esopian (a.) Alt. of Esopic

Esopic (a.) Same as Aesopian, Aesopic.

Esoteric (a.) Designed for, and understood by, the specially initiated alone; not communicated, or not intelligible, to the general body of followers; private; interior; acroamatic; -- said of the private and more recondite instructions and doctrines of philosophers. Opposed to exoteric.

Esoterical (a.) Esoteric.

Esoterically (adv.) In an esoteric manner.

Esotericism (n.) Esoteric doctrine or principles.

Esoterics (n.) Mysterious or hidden doctrines; secret science.

Esotery (n.) Mystery; esoterics; -- opposed to exotery.

Esox (n.) A genus of fresh-water fishes, including pike and pickerel.

Espace (n.) Space.

Espadon (n.) A long, heavy, two-handed and two-edged sword, formerly used by Spanish foot soldiers and by executioners.

Espalier (n.) A railing or trellis upon which fruit trees or shrubs are trained, as upon a wall; a tree or row of trees so trained.

Espaliered (imp. & p. p.) of Espalier

Espaliering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Espalier

Espalier (v. t.) To form an espalier of, or to protect by an espalier.

Esparcet (n.) The common sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa), an Old World leguminous forage plant.

Esparto (n.) A species of Spanish grass (Macrochloa tenacissima), of which cordage, shoes, baskets, etc., are made. It is also used for making paper.

Espauliere (n.) A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; -- the origin of the modern epaulette.

Especial (a.) Distinguished among others of the same class or kind; special; concerning a species or a single object; principal; particular; as, in an especial manner or degree.

Especially (adv.) In an especial manner; chiefly; particularly; peculiarly; in an uncommon degree.

Especialness (n.) The state of being especial.

Esperance (n.) Hope.

Espiaille (n.) Espial.

Espial (n.) The act of espying; notice; discovery.

Espial (n.) One who espies; a spy; a scout.

Espier (n.) One who espies.

Espinel (n.) A kind of ruby. See Spinel.

Espionage (n.) The practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as spies or secret emissaries; secret watching.

Esplanade (n.) A clear space between a citadel and the nearest houses of the town.

Esplanade (n.) The glacis of the counterscarp, or the slope of the parapet of the covered way toward the country.

Esplanade (n.) A grass plat; a lawn.

Esplanade (n.) Any clear, level space used for public walks or drives; esp., a terrace by the seaside.

Esplees (n. pl.) The full profits or products which ground or land yields, as the hay of the meadows, the feed of the pasture, the grain of arable fields, the rents, services, and the like.

Espousage (n.) Espousal.

Espousal (n.) The act of espousing or betrothing; especially, in the plural, betrothal; plighting of the troths; a contract of marriage; sometimes, the marriage ceremony.

Espousal (n.) The uniting or allying one's self with anything; maintenance; adoption; as, the espousal of a quarrel.

Espoused (imp. & p. p.) of Espouse

Espousing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Espouse

Espouse (v. t.) To betroth; to promise in marriage; to give as spouse.

Espouse (v. t.) To take as spouse; to take to wife; to marry.

Espouse (v. t.) To take to one's self with a view to maintain; to make one's own; to take up the cause of; to adopt; to embrace.

Espousement (n.) The act of espousing, or the state of being espoused.

Espouser (n.) One who espouses; one who embraces the cause of another or makes it his own.

Espressivo (a.) With expression.

Espringal (n.) An engine of war used for throwing viretons, large stones, and other missiles; a springal.

Esprit (n.) Spirit.

Espied (imp. & p. p.) of Espy

Espying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Espy

Espy (v. t.) To catch sight of; to perceive with the eyes; to discover, as a distant object partly concealed, or not obvious to notice; to see at a glance; to discern unexpectedly; to spy; as, to espy land; to espy a man in a crowd.

Espy (v. t.) To inspect narrowly; to examine and keep watch upon; to watch; to observe.

Espy (v. i.) To look or search narrowly; to look about; to watch; to take notice; to spy.

Espies (pl. ) of Espy

Espy (n.) A spy; a scout.

-esque () A suffix of certain words from the French, Italian, and Spanish. It denotes manner or style; like; as, arabesque, after the manner of the Arabs.

Esquimaux (pl. ) of Esquimau

Esquimau (n.) Same as Eskimo.

Esquire (n.) Originally, a shield-bearer or armor-bearer, an attendant on a knight; in modern times, a title of dignity next in degree below knight and above gentleman; also, a title of office and courtesy; -- often shortened to squire.

Esquired (imp. & p. p.) of Esquire

Esquiring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Esquire

Esquire (v. t.) To wait on as an esquire or attendant in public; to attend.

Esquisse (n.) The first sketch of a picture or model of a statue.

-ess () A suffix used to form feminine nouns; as, actress, deaconess, songstress.

Essays (pl. ) of Essay

Essay (n.) An effort made, or exertion of body or mind, for the performance of anything; a trial; attempt; as, to make an essay to benefit a friend.

Essay (n.) A composition treating of any particular subject; -- usually shorter and less methodical than a formal, finished treatise; as, an essay on the life and writings of Homer; an essay on fossils, or on commerce.

Essay (n.) An assay. See Assay, n.

Essayed (imp. & p. p.) of Essay

Essaying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Essay

Essay (n.) To exert one's power or faculties upon; to make an effort to perform; to attempt; to endeavor; to make experiment or trial of; to try.

Essay (n.) To test the value and purity of (metals); to assay. See Assay.

Essayer (n.) One who essays.

Essayist (n.) A writer of an essay, or of essays.

Essence (n.) The constituent elementary notions which constitute a complex notion, and must be enumerated to define it; sometimes called the nominal essence.

Essence (n.) The constituent quality or qualities which belong to any object, or class of objects, or on which they depend for being what they are (distinguished as real essence); the real being, divested of all logical accidents; that quality which constitutes or marks the true nature of anything; distinctive character; hence, virtue or quality of a thing, separated from its grosser parts.

Essence (n.) Constituent substance.

Essence (n.) A being; esp., a purely spiritual being.

Essence (n.) The predominant qualities or virtues of a plant or drug, extracted and refined from grosser matter; or, more strictly, the solution in spirits of wine of a volatile or essential oil; as, the essence of mint, and the like.

Essence (n.) Perfume; odor; scent; or the volatile matter constituting perfume.

Essenced (imp. & p. p.) of Essence

Essencing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Essence

Essence (v. t.) To perfume; to scent.

Essenes (pl. ) of Essene

Essene (n.) One of a sect among the Jews in the time of our Savior, remarkable for their strictness and abstinence.

Essenism (n.) The doctrine or the practices of the Essenes.

Essential (a.) Belonging to the essence, or that which makes an object, or class of objects, what it is.

Essential (a.) Hence, really existing; existent.

Essential (a.) Important in the highest degree; indispensable to the attainment of an object; indispensably necessary.

Essential (a.) Containing the essence or characteristic portion of a substance, as of a plant; highly rectified; pure; hence, unmixed; as, an essential oil.

Essential (a.) Necessary; indispensable; -- said of those tones which constitute a chord, in distinction from ornamental or passing tones.

Essential (a.) Idiopathic; independent of other diseases.

Esential (n.) Existence; being.

Esential (n.) That which is essential; first or constituent principle; as, the essentials or religion.

Essentiality (n.) The quality of being essential; the essential part.

Esentially (adv.) In an essential manner or degree; in an indispensable degree; really; as, essentially different.

Esentialness (n.) Essentiality.

Essentiated (imp. & p. p.) of Essentiate

Essentiating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Essentiate

Essentiate (v. t.) To form or constitute the essence or being of.

Essentiate (v. i.) To become assimilated; to be changed into the essence.

Essoin (n.) Alt. of Essoign

Essoign (n.) An excuse for not appearing in court at the return of process; the allegation of an excuse to the court.

Essoign (n.) Excuse; exemption.

Essoin (n.) To excuse for nonappearance in court.

Essoiner (n.) An attorney who sufficiently excuses the absence of another.

Essonite (n.) Cinnamon stone, a variety of garnet. See Garnet.

Essorant (a.) Standing, but with the wings spread, as if about to fly; -- said of a bird borne as a charge on an escutcheon.

Est (n. & adv.) East.

-est () A suffix used to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs; as, smoothest; earl(y)iest.

Established (imp. & p. p.) of Establish

Establishing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Establish

Establish (a.) To make stable or firm; to fix immovably or firmly; to set (a thing) in a place and make it stable there; to settle; to confirm.

Establish (a.) To appoint or constitute for permanence, as officers, laws, regulations, etc.; to enact; to ordain.

Establish (a.) To originate and secure the permanent existence of; to found; to institute; to create and regulate; -- said of a colony, a state, or other institutions.

Establish (a.) To secure public recognition in favor of; to prove and cause to be accepted as true; as, to establish a fact, usage, principle, opinion, doctrine, etc.

Establish (a.) To set up in business; to place advantageously in a fixed condition; -- used reflexively; as, he established himself in a place; the enemy established themselves in the citadel.

Establisher (n.) One who establishes.

Establishment (n.) The act of establishing; a ratifying or ordaining; settlement; confirmation.

Establishment (n.) The state of being established, founded, and the like; fixed state.

Establishment (n.) That which is established; as: (a) A form of government, civil or ecclesiastical; especially, a system of religion maintained by the civil power; as, the Episcopal establishment of England. (b) A permanent civil, military, or commercial, force or organization. (c) The place in which one is permanently fixed for residence or business; residence, including grounds, furniture, equipage, etc.; with which one is fitted out; also, any office or place of business, with its fixtures; that which serves for the carrying on of a business; as, to keep up a large establishment; a manufacturing establishment.

Establishmentarian (n.) One who regards the Church primarily as an establishment formed by the State, and overlooks its intrinsic spiritual character.

Estacade (n.) A dike of piles in the sea, a river, etc., to check the approach of an enemy.

Estafet (n.) Alt. of Estafette

Estafette (n.) A courier who conveys messages to another courier; a military courier sent from one part of an army to another.

Estancia (n.) A grazing; a country house.

Estate (n.) Settled condition or form of existence; state; condition or circumstances of life or of any person; situation.

Estate (n.) Social standing or rank; quality; dignity.

Estate (n.) A person of high rank.

Estate (n.) A property which a person possesses; a fortune; possessions, esp. property in land; also, property of all kinds which a person leaves to be divided at his death.

Estate (n.) The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the general interest; state affairs.

Estate (n.) The great classes or orders of a community or state (as the clergy, the nobility, and the commonalty of England) or their representatives who administer the government; as, the estates of the realm (England), which are (1) the lords spiritual, (2) the lords temporal, (3) the commons.

Estate (n.) The degree, quality, nature, and extent of one's interest in, or ownership of, lands, tenements, etc.; as, an estate for life, for years, at will, etc.

Estate (v. t.) To establish.

Estate (v. t.) Tom settle as a fortune.

Estate (v. t.) To endow with an estate.

Estatlich (a.) Alt. of Estatly

Estatly (a.) Stately; dignified.

Esteemed (imp. & p. p.) of Esteem

Esteeming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Esteem

Esteem (v. t.) To set a value on; to appreciate the worth of; to estimate; to value; to reckon.

Esteem (v. t.) To set a high value on; to prize; to regard with reverence, respect, or friendship.

Esteem (v. i.) To form an estimate; to have regard to the value; to consider.

Esteem (v. t.) Estimation; opinion of merit or value; hence, valuation; reckoning; price.

Esteem (v. t.) High estimation or value; great regard; favorable opinion, founded on supposed worth.

Esteemable (a.) Worthy of esteem; estimable.

Esteemer (n.) One who esteems; one who sets a high value on any thing.

Ester (n.) An ethereal salt, or compound ether, consisting of an organic radical united with the residue of any oxygen acid, organic or inorganic; thus the natural fats are esters of glycerin and the fatty acids, oleic, etc.

Esthesiometer (n.) Same as Aesthesiometer.

Esthete (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetic (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetical (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetics (n.) Same as Aesthete, Aesthetic, Aesthetical, Aesthetics, etc.

Estiferous (a.) Producing heat.

Estimable (a.) Capable of being estimated or valued; as, estimable damage.

Estimable (a.) Valuable; worth a great price.

Estimable (a.) Worth of esteem or respect; deserving our good opinion or regard.

Estimable (n.) A thing worthy of regard.

Estimableness (n.) The quality of deserving esteem or regard.

Estimably (adv.) In an estimable manner.

Estimated (imp. & p. p.) of Estimate

Estimating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Estimate

Estimate (v. t.) To judge and form an opinion of the value of, from imperfect data, -- either the extrinsic (money), or intrinsic (moral), value; to fix the worth of roughly or in a general way; as, to estimate the value of goods or land; to estimate the worth or talents of a person.

Estimate (v. t.) To from an opinion of, as to amount,, number, etc., from imperfect data, comparison, or experience; to make an estimate of; to calculate roughly; to rate; as, to estimate the cost of a trip, the number of feet in a piece of land.

Estimate (n.) A valuing or rating by the mind, without actually measuring, weighing, or the like; rough or approximate calculation; as, an estimate of the cost of a building, or of the quantity of water in a pond.

Estimation (v. t.) The act of estimating.

Estimation (v. t.) An opinion or judgment of the worth, extent, or quantity of anything, formed without using precise data; valuation; as, estimations of distance, magnitude, amount, or moral qualities.

Estimation (v. t.) Favorable opinion; esteem; regard; honor.

Estimation (v. t.) Supposition; conjecture.

Estimative (a.) Inclined, or able, to estimate; serving for, or capable of being used in, estimating.

Estimative (a.) Pertaining to an estimate.

Estimator (n.) One who estimates or values; a valuer.

Estival (n.) Alt. of Estivation

Estivate (n.) Alt. of Estivation

Estivation (n.) Same as Aestival, Aestivate, etc.

Estoile (n.) A six-pointed star whose rays are wavy, instead of straight like those of a mullet.

Estophed (imp. & p. p.) of Estop

Estopping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Estop

Estop (v. t.) To impede or bar by estoppel.

Estoppel (n.) A stop; an obstruction or bar to one's alleging or denying a fact contrary to his own previous action, allegation, or denial; an admission, by words or conduct, which induces another to purchase rights, against which the party making such admission can not take a position inconsistent with the admission.

Estoppel (n.) The agency by which the law excludes evidence to dispute certain admissions, which the policy of the law treats as indisputable.

Estovers (n. pl.) Necessaries or supples; an allowance to a person out of an estate or other thing for support; as of wood to a tenant for life, etc., of sustenance to a man confined for felony of his estate, or alimony to a woman divorced out of her husband's estate.

Estrade (n.) A portion of the floor of a room raised above the general level, as a place for a bed or a throne; a platform; a dais.

Estramacon (n.) A straight, heavy sword with two edges, used in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Estramacon (n.) A blow with edge of a sword.

Estranged (imp. & p. p.) of Estrange

Estranging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Estrange

Estrange (v. t.) To withdraw; to withhold; hence, reflexively, to keep at a distance; to cease to be familiar and friendly with.

Estrange (v. t.) To divert from its original use or purpose, or from its former possessor; to alienate.

Estrange (v. t.) To alienate the affections or confidence of; to turn from attachment to enmity or indifference.

Estrangedness (n.) State of being estranged; estrangement.

Estrangement (n.) The act of estranging, or the state of being estranged; alienation.

Estranger (n.) One who estranges.

Estrangle (v. t.) To strangle.

Estrapade (n.) The action of a horse, when, to get rid of his rider, he rears, plunges, and kicks furiously.

Estray (v. i.) To stray.

Estray (n.) Any valuable animal, not wild, found wandering from its owner; a stray.

Estre (n.) The inward part of a building; the interior.

Estreat (n.) A true copy, duplicate, or extract of an original writing or record, esp. of amercements or penalties set down in the rolls of court to be levied by the bailiff, or other officer.

Estreated (imp. & p. p.) of Estreat

Estreating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Estreat

Estreat (v. t.) To extract or take out from the records of a court, and send up to the court of exchequer to be enforced; -- said of a forfeited recognizance.

Estreat (v. t.) To bring in to the exchequer, as a fine.

Estrepe (v. t.) To strip or lay bare, as land of wood, houses, etc.; to commit waste.

Estrepement (n.) A destructive kind of waste, committed by a tenant for life, in lands, woods, or houses.

Estrich (n.) Ostrich.

Estrich (n.) The down of the ostrich.

Estuance (n.) Heat.

Estuarine (a.) Pertaining to an estuary; estuary.

Estuaries (pl. ) of Estuary

Estuary (n.) A place where water boils up; a spring that wells forth.

Estuary (n.) A passage, as the mouth of a river or lake, where the tide meets the current; an arm of the sea; a frith.

Estuary (a.) Belonging to, or formed in, an estuary; as, estuary strata.

Estuated (imp. & p. p.) of Estuate

Estuating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Estuate

Estuate (v. i.) To boil up; to swell and rage; to be agitated.

Estuation (n.) The act of estuating; commotion, as of a fluid; agitation.

Estufas (pl. ) of Estufa

Estufa (n.) An assembly room in dwelling of the Pueblo Indians.

Esture (n.) Commotion.

Esurient (a.) Inclined to eat; hungry; voracious.

Esurient (n.) One who is hungry or greedy.

Esurine (a.) Causing hunger; eating; corroding.

Esurine (n.) A medicine which provokes appetites, or causes hunger.

Is- () See Iso-.

Is (v. i.) The third person singular of the substantive verb be, in the indicative mood, present tense; as, he is; he is a man. See Be.

Isabel () Alt. of Isabel color

Isabel color () See Isabella.

Isabella () Alt. of Isabella color

Isabella color () A brownish yellow color.

Isabella grape () A favorite sweet American grape of a purple color. See Fox grape, under Fox.

Isabella moth () A common American moth (Pyrrharctia isabella), of an isabella color. The larva, called woolly bear and hedgehog caterpillar, is densely covered with hairs, which are black at each end of the body, and red in the middle part.

Isabelline (a.) Of an isabel or isabella color.

Isagelous (a.) Containing the same information; as, isagelous sentences.

Isagel (n.) One of two or more objects containing the same information.

Isagoge (n.) An introduction.

Isagogic (a.) Alt. of Isagogical

Isagogical (a.) Introductory; especially, introductory to the study of theology.

Isagogics (n.) That part of theological science directly preliminary to actual exegesis, or interpretation of the Scriptures.

Isagon (a.) A figure or polygon whose angles are equal.

Isapostolic (a.) Having equal, or almost equal, authority with the apostles of their teachings.

Isatic (a.) Alt. of Isatinic

Isatinic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, isatin; as, isatic acid, which is also called trioxindol.

Isatide (n.) A white crystalline substance obtained by the partial reduction of isatin.

Isatin (n.) An orange-red crystalline substance, C8H5NO2, obtained by the oxidation of indigo blue. It is also produced from certain derivatives of benzoic acid, and is one important source of artificial indigo.

Isatis (n.) A genus of herbs, some species of which, especially the Isatis tinctoria, yield a blue dye similar to indigo; woad.

Isatogen (n.) A complex nitrogenous radical, C8H4NO2, regarded as the essential residue of a series of compounds, related to isatin, which easily pass by reduction to indigo blue.

Isatropic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained from atropine, and isomeric with cinnamic acid.

Ischias (a.) See Ischial.

Ischiadic (a.) Ischial.

Ischial (a.) Of or pertaining to the ischium or hip; ischiac; ischiadic; ischiatic.

Ischiatic (a.) Same as Ishial.

Ischiocapsular (a.) Of or pertaining to the ischium and the capsule of the hip joint; as, the ischiocapsular ligament.

Ischiocerite (n.) The third joint or the antennae of the Crustacea.

Ischion (n.) Alt. of Ischium

Ischium (n.) The ventral and posterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis; seat bone; the huckle bone.

Ischium (n.) One of the pleurae of insects.

Ischiopodite (n.) The third joint of the typical appendages of Crustacea.

Ischiorectal (a.) Of or pertaining to the region between the rectum and ishial tuberosity.

Ischuretic (a.) Having the quality of relieving ischury.

Ischuretic (n.) An ischuretic medicine.

Ischury (n.) A retention or suppression of urine.

-ise () See -ize.

Isentropic (a.) Having equal entropy.

Isethionic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid, HO.C2H4.SO3H, obtained as an oily or crystalline substance, by the action of sulphur trioxide on alcohol or ether. It is derivative of sulphuric acid.

-ish () A suffix used to from adjectives from nouns and from adjectives. It denotes relation, resemblance, similarity, and sometimes has a diminutive force; as, selfish, boyish, brutish; whitish, somewhat white.

-ish () A verb ending, originally appearing in certain verbs of French origin; as, abolish, cherish, finish, furnish, garnish, impoverish.

Ishmaelite (n.) A descendant of Ishmael (the son of Abraham and Hagar), of whom it was said, "His hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him."

Ishmaelite (n.) One at enmity with society; a wanderer; a vagabond; an outcast.

Ishmaelite (n.) See Ismaelian.

Ishmaelitish (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, an Ishmaelite or the Ishmaelites.

Isiac (a.) Pertaining to the goddess Isis; as, Isiac mysteries.

Isicle (n.) A icicle.

Isidorian (a.) Pertaining, or ascribed, to Isidore; as, the Isidorian decretals, a spurious collection of decretals published in the ninth century.

Isinglass (n.) A semitransparent, whitish, and very pure from of gelatin, chiefly prepared from the sounds or air bladders of various species of sturgeons (as the Acipenser huso) found in the of Western Russia. It used for making jellies, as a clarifier, etc. Cheaper forms of gelatin are not unfrequently so called. Called also fish glue.

Isinglass (n.) A popular name for mica, especially when in thin sheets.

Isis (n.) The principal goddess worshiped by the Egyptians. She was regarded as the mother of Horus, and the sister and wife of Osiris. The Egyptians adored her as the goddess of fecundity, and as the great benefactress of their country, who instructed their ancestors in the art of agriculture.

Isis (n.) Any coral of the genus Isis, or family Isidae, composed of joints of white, stony coral, alternating with flexible, horny joints. See Gorgoniacea.

Isis (n.) One of the asteroids.

Islam (n.) The religion of the Mohammedans; Mohammedanism; Islamism. Their formula of faith is: There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet.

Islam (n.) The whole body of Mohammedans, or the countries which they occupy.

Islamism (n.) The faith, doctrines, or religious system of the Mohammedans; Mohammedanism; Islam.

Islamite (n.) A Mohammedan.

Islamitic (a.) Of or pertaining to Islam; Mohammedan.

Islamized (imp. & p. p.) of Islamize

Islamizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Islamize

Islamize (v. i. & t.) To conform, or cause to conform, to the religion of Islam.

Island (n.) A tract of land surrounded by water, and smaller than a continent. Cf. Continent.

Island (n.) Anything regarded as resembling an island; as, an island of ice.

Island (n.) See Isle, n., 2.

Island (v. t.) To cause to become or to resemble an island; to make an island or islands of; to isle.

Island (v. t.) To furnish with an island or with islands; as, to island the deep.

Islander (n.) An inhabitant of an island.

Islandy (a.) Of or pertaining to islands; full of islands.

Isle (n.) See Aisle.

Isle (n.) An island.

Isle (n.) A spot within another of a different color, as upon the wings of some insects.

Isle (v. t.) To cause to become an island, or like an island; to surround or encompass; to island.

Islet (n.) A little island.

-ism () A suffix indicating an act, a process, the result of an act or a process, a state; also, a characteristic (as a theory, doctrine, idiom, etc.); as, baptism, galvanism, organism, hypnotism, socialism, sensualism, Anglicism.

Ism (n.) A doctrine or theory; especially, a wild or visionary theory.

Ismaelian (n.) Alt. of Ismaelite

Ismaelite (n.) One of a sect of Mohammedans who favored the pretensions of the family of Mohammed ben Ismael, of the house Ali.

Iso- () Alt. of Is-

Is- () A prefix or combining form, indicating identity, or equality; the same numerical value; as in isopod, isomorphous, isochromatic.

Is- () Applied to certain compounds having the same composition but different properties; as in isocyanic.

Is- () Applied to compounds of certain isomeric series in whose structure one carbon atom, at least, is connected with three other carbon atoms; -- contrasted with neo- and normal; as in isoparaffine; isopentane.

Isobar (n.) A line connecting or marking places upon the surface of the earth where height of the barometer reduced to sea level is the same either at a given time, or for a certain period (mean height), as for a year; an isopiestic line.

Isobaric (a.) Denoting equal pressure; as, an isobaric line; specifically, of or pertaining to isobars.

Isobar (n.) The quality or state of being equal in weight, especially in atmospheric pressure. Also, the theory, method, or application of isobaric science.

Isobarometric (a.) Indicating equal barometric pressure.

Isobathytherm (n.) A line connecting the points on the surface of the earth where a certain temperature is found at the same depth.

Isobathythermic (a.) Of or pertaining to an isobathytherm; possessing or indicating the same temperature at the same depth.

Isocephalism (n.) A peculiarity in the design of bas-relief by which the heads of human figures are kept at the same height from the ground, whether the personages are seated, standing, or mounted on horseback; -- called also isokephaleia.

Isochasm (n.) A line connecting places on the earth's surface at which there is the same mean frequency of auroras.

Isochasmic (a.) Indicating equal auroral display; as, an isochasmic line.

Isocheim (n.) A line connecting places on the earth having the same mean winter temperature. Cf. Isothere.

Isocheimal (a.) Alt. of Isochimal

Isochimal (a.) Pertaining to, having the nature of, or making, isocheims; as, an isocheimal line; an isocheimal chart.

Isocheimenal (a.) Alt. of Isochimenal

Isochimenal (a.) The same as Isocheimal.

Isocheimic (a.) The same as Isocheimal.

Isochimene (n.) The same as Isocheim.

Isochromatic (a.) Having the same color; connecting parts having the same color, as lines drawn through certain points in experiments on the chromatic effects of polarized light in crystals.

Isochronal (a.) Uniform in time; of equal time; performed in equal times; recurring at regular intervals; isochronal vibrations or oscillations.

Isochronic (a.) Isochronal.

Isochronism (n.) The state or quality of being isochronous.

Isochronon (n.) A clock that is designed to keep very accurate time.

Isochronous (a.) Same as Isochronal.

Isochroous (a.) Having the same tint or color throughout; uniformly or evenly colored.

Isoclinal (a.) Alt. of Isoclinic

Isoclinic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or indicating, equality of inclination or dip; having equal inclination or dip.

Isocrymal (a.) Pertaining to, having the nature of, or illustrating, an isocryme; as, an isocrymal line; an isocrymal chart.

Isocryme (n.) A line connecting points on the earth's surface having the same mean temperature in the coldest month of the year.

Isocrymic (a.) Isocrymal.

Isocyanic (a.) Designating an acid isomeric with cyanic acid.

Isocyanuric (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, an acid isomeric with cyanuric acid, and called also fulminuric acid. See under Fulminuric.

Isodiabatic (a.) Pertaining to the reception or the giving out of equal quantities of heat by a substance.

Isodiametric (a.) Developed alike in the directions of the several lateral axes; -- said of crystals of both the tetragonal and hexagonal systems.

Isodiametric (a.) Having the several diameters nearly equal; -- said of the cells of ordinary parenchyma.

Isodimorphic (a.) Isodimorphous.

Isodimorphism (n.) Isomorphism between the two forms severally of two dimorphous substances.

Isodimorphous (a.) Having the quality of isodimorphism.

Isodulcite (n.) A white, crystalline, sugarlike substance, obtained by the decomposition of certain glucosides, and intermediate in nature between the hexacid alcohols (ductile, mannite, etc.) and the glucoses.

Isodynamic (a.) Of, pertaining to, having, or denoting, equality of force.

Isodynamous (a.) Of equal force or size.

Isogeotherm (n.) A line or curved surface passing beneath the earth's surface through points having the same mean temperature.

Isogeothermal (a.) Alt. of Isogeothermic

Isogeothermic (a.) Pertaining to, having the nature of, or marking, isogeotherms; as, an isogeothermal line or surface; as isogeothermal chart.

Isogeothermic (n.) An isogeotherm.

Isogonic (a.) Pertaining to, or noting, equal angles.

Isogonic (a.) Characterized by isogonism.

Isogonism (n.) The quality of having similar sexual zooids or gonophores and dissimilar hydrants; -- said of certain hydroids.

Isographic (a.) Of or pertaining to isography.

Isography (n.) Imitation of another's handwriting.

Isohyetose (a.) Of or pertaining to lines connecting places on the earth's surface which have a mean annual rainfall.

Isohyetose (n.) An isohyetose line.

Isolable (a.) Capable of being isolated, or of being obtained in a pure state; as, gold is isolable.

Isolated (imp. & p. p.) of Isolate

Isolating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Isolate

Isolate (v. t.) To place in a detached situation; to place by itself or alone; to insulate; to separate from others.

Isolate (v. t.) To insulate. See Insulate.

Isolate (v. t.) To separate from all foreign substances; to make pure; to obtain in a free state.

Isolated (a.) Placed or standing alone; detached; separated from others.

Isolatedly (adv.) In an isolated manner.

Isolation (n.) The act of isolating, or the state of being isolated; insulation; separation; loneliness.

Isolator (n.) One who, or that which, isolates.

Isologous (a.) Having similar proportions, similar relations, or similar differences of composition; -- said specifically of groups or series which differ by a constant difference; as, ethane, ethylene, and acetylene, or their analogous compounds, form an isologous series.

Isomer (n.) A body or compound which is isomeric with another body or compound; a member of an isomeric series.

Isomeric (a.) Having the same percentage composition; -- said of two or more different substances which contain the same ingredients in the same proportions by weight, often used with with. Specif.: (a) Polymeric; i. e., having the same elements united in the same proportion by weight, but with different molecular weights; as, acetylene and benzine are isomeric (polymeric) with each other in this sense. See Polymeric. (b) Metameric; i. e., having the same elements united in the same proportions by weight, and with the same molecular weight, but which a different structure or arrangement of the ultimate parts; as, ethyl alcohol and methyl ether are isomeric (metameric) with each other in this sense. See Metameric.

Isomeride (n.) An isomer.

Isomerism (n.) The state, quality, or relation, of two or more isomeric substances.

Isomeromorphism (n.) Isomorphism between substances that are isomeric.

Isometric (a.) Alt. of Isometrical

Isometrical (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, equality of measure.

Isometrical (a.) Noting, or conforming to, that system of crystallization in which the three axes are of equal length and at right angles to each other; monometric; regular; cubic. Cf. Crystallization.

Isomorph (n.) A substance which is similar to another in crystalline form and composition.

Isomorphic (a.) Isomorphous.

Isomorphism (n.) A similarity of crystalline form between substances of similar composition, as between the sulphates of barium (BaSO4) and strontium (SrSO4). It is sometimes extended to include similarity of form between substances of unlike composition, which is more properly called homoeomorphism.

Isomorphous (a.) Having the quality of isomorphism.

Isonandra (n.) A genus of sapotaceous trees of India. Isonandra Gutta is the principal source of gutta-percha.

Isonephelic (a.) Having, or indicating, an equal amount of cloudiness for a given period; as, isonephelic regions; an isonephelic line.

Isonicotine (n.) A crystalline, nitrogenous base, C10H14N2, isomeric with nicotine.

Isonicotinic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, isonicotine.

Isonicotinic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid isomeric with nicotinic acid.

Isonitroso- () A combining from (also used adjectively), signifying: Pertaining to, or designating, the characteristic, nitrogenous radical, NOH, called the isonitroso group.

Isonomic (a.) The same, or equal, in law or right; one in kind or origin; analogous; similar.

Isonomy (n.) Equal law or right; equal distribution of rights and privileges; similarity.

Isopathy (n.) The system which undertakes to cure a disease by means of the virus of the same disease.

Isopathy (n.) The theory of curing a diseased organ by eating the analogous organ of a healthy animal.

Isopathy (n.) The doctrine that the power of therapeutics is equal to that of the causes of disease.

Isopepsin (n.) Pepsin modified by exposure to a temperature of from 40! to 60! C.

Isoperimetrical (a.) Having equal perimeters of circumferences; as, isoperimetrical figures or bodies.

Isoperimetry (n.) The science of figures having equal perimeters or boundaries.

Isopiestic (a.) Having equal pressure.

Isopleura (n. pl.) A subclass of Gastropoda, in which the body is symmetrical, the right and left sides being equal.

Isopod (a.) Having the legs similar in structure; belonging to the Isopoda.

Isopod (n.) One of the Isopoda.

Isopoda (n. pl.) An order of sessile-eyed Crustacea, usually having seven pairs of legs, which are all similar in structure.

Isopodiform (a.) Having the shape of an isopod; -- said of the larvae of certain insects.

Isopodous (a.) Same as Isopod.

Isopogonous (a.) Having the two webs equal in breath; -- said of feathers.

Isoprene (n.) An oily, volatile hydrocarbon, obtained by the distillation of caoutchouc or guttaipercha.

Isopycnic (a.) Having equal density, as different regions of a medium; passing through points at which the density is equal; as, an isopycnic line or surface.

Isopycnic (n.) A line or surface passing through those points in a medium, at which the density is the same.

Isorcin (n.) A crystalline hydrocarbon derivative, metameric with orcin, but produced artificially; -- called also cresorcin.

Isorropic (a.) Of equal value.

Isosceles (a.) Having two legs or sides that are equal; -- said of a triangle.

Isospondyli (n. pl.) An extensive order of fishes, including the salmons, herrings, and many allied forms.

Isospondylous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Isospondyli; having the anterior vertebrae separate and normal.

Isosporic (a.) Producing but one kind of spore, as the ferns and Equiseta. Cf. Heterosporic.

Isostemonous (a.) Having exactly as many stamens as petals.

Isostemony (n.) The quality or state of being isostemonous.

Isosulphocyanate (n.) A salt of isosulphocyanic acid.

Isosulphocyanic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid, HNCS, isomeric with sulphocyanic acid.

Isotheral (a.) Having the nature of an isothere; indicating the distribution of temperature by means of an isothere; as, an isotheral chart or line.

Isothere (n.) A line connecting points on the earth's surface having the same mean summer temperature.

Isotherm (n.) A line connecting or marking points on the earth's surface having the same temperature. This may be the temperature for a given time of observation, or the mean temperature for a year or other period. Also, a similar line based on the distribution of temperature in the ocean.

Isothermal (a.) Relating to equality of temperature.

Isothermal (a.) Having reference to the geographical distribution of temperature, as exhibited by means of isotherms; as, an isothermal line; an isothermal chart.

Isothermobath (n.) A line drawn through points of equal temperature in a vertical section of the ocean.

Isothermobathic (a.) Of or pertaining to an isothermobath; possessing or indicating equal temperatures in a vertical section, as of the ocean.

Isotherombrose (n.) A line connecting or marking points on the earth's surface, which have the same mean summer rainfall.

Isotonic (a.) Having or indicating, equal tones, or tension.

Isotrimorphic (a.) Isotrimorphous.

Isotrimorphism (n.) Isomorphism between the three forms, severally, of two trimorphous substances.

Isotrimorphous (a.) Having the quality of isotrimorphism; isotrimorphic.

Isotropic (a.) Having the same properties in all directions; specifically, equally elastic in all directions.

Isotropism (n.) Isotropy.

Isotropous (a.) Isotropic.

Isotropy (n.) Uniformity of physical properties in all directions in a body; absence of all kinds of polarity; specifically, equal elasticity in all directions.

Isouric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid, isomeric with uric acid.

Israelite (n.) A descendant of Israel, or Jacob; a Hebrew; a Jew.

Israelitic (a.) Alt. of Israelitish

Israelitish (a.) Of or pertaining to Israel, or to the Israelites; Jewish; Hebrew.

Issuable (a.) Leading to, producing, or relating to, an issue; capable of being made an issue at law.

Issuable (a.) Lawful or suitable to be issued; as, a writ issuable on these grounds.

Issuably (adv.) In an issuable manner; by way of issue; as, to plead issuably.

Issuance (n.) The act of issuing, or giving out; as, the issuance of an order; the issuance of rations, and the like.

Issuant (a.) Issuing or coming up; -- a term used to express a charge or bearing rising or coming out of another.

Issue (n.) The act of passing or flowing out; a moving out from any inclosed place; egress; as, the issue of water from a pipe, of blood from a wound, of air from a bellows, of people from a house.

Issue (n.) The act of sending out, or causing to go forth; delivery; issuance; as, the issue of an order from a commanding officer; the issue of money from a treasury.

Issue (n.) That which passes, flows, or is sent out; the whole quantity sent forth or emitted at one time; as, an issue of bank notes; the daily issue of a newspaper.

Issue (n.) Progeny; a child or children; offspring. In law, sometimes, in a general sense, all persons descended from a common ancestor; all lineal descendants.

Issue (n.) Produce of the earth, or profits of land, tenements, or other property; as, A conveyed to B all his right for a term of years, with all the issues, rents, and profits.

Issue (n.) A discharge of flux, as of blood.

Issue (n.) An artificial ulcer, usually made in the fleshy part of the arm or leg, to produce the secretion and discharge of pus for the relief of some affected part.

Issue (n.) The final outcome or result; upshot; conclusion; event; hence, contest; test; trial.

Issue (n.) A point in debate or controversy on which the parties take affirmative and negative positions; a presentation of alternatives between which to choose or decide.

Issue (n.) In pleading, a single material point of law or fact depending in the suit, which, being affirmed on the one side and denied on the other, is presented for determination. See General issue, under General, and Feigned issue, under Feigned.

Issued (imp. & p. p.) of Issue

Issuing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Issue

Issue (v. i.) To pass or flow out; to run out, as from any inclosed place.

Issue (v. i.) To go out; to rush out; to sally forth; as, troops issued from the town, and attacked the besiegers.

Issue (v. i.) To proceed, as from a source; as, water issues from springs; light issues from the sun.

Issue (v. i.) To proceed, as progeny; to be derived; to be descended; to spring.

Issue (v. i.) To extend; to pass or open; as, the path issues into the highway.

Issue (v. i.) To be produced as an effect or result; to grow or accrue; to arise; to proceed; as, rents and profits issuing from land, tenements, or a capital stock.

Issue (v. i.) To close; to end; to terminate; to turn out; as, we know not how the cause will issue.

Issue (v. i.) In pleading, to come to a point in fact or law, on which the parties join issue.

Issue (v. t.) To send out; to put into circulation; as, to issue notes from a bank.

Issue (v. t.) To deliver for use; as, to issue provisions.

Issue (v. t.) To send out officially; to deliver by authority; as, to issue an order; to issue a writ.

Issueless (a.) Having no issue or progeny; childless.

Issuer (n.) One who issues, emits, or publishes.

-ist () A noun suffix denoting an agent, or doer, one who practices, a believer in; as, theorist, one who theorizes; socialist, one who holds to socialism; sensualist, one given to sensuality.

Is't () A contraction of is it.

Isthmian (a.) Of or pertaining to an isthmus, especially to the Isthmus of Corinth, in Greece.

Isthmuses (pl. ) of Isthmus

Isthmus (n.) A neck or narrow slip of land by which two continents are connected, or by which a peninsula is united to the mainland; as, the Isthmus of Panama; the Isthmus of Suez, etc.

Istle (n.) Same as Ixtle.

Isuret (n.) An artificial nitrogenous base, isomeric with urea, and forming a white crystalline substance; -- called also isuretine.

Ksar (n.) See Czar.

Kshatriya (n.) Alt. of Kshatruya

Kshatruya (n.) The military caste, the second of the four great Hindoo castes;

Ossa (pl. ) of Os

Os (n.) A bone.

Ora (pl. ) of Os

Os (n.) A mouth; an opening; an entrance.

Osar (pl. ) of Os

Os (n.) One of the ridges of sand or gravel found in Sweden, etc., supposed by some to be of marine origin, but probably formed by subglacial waters. The osar are similar to the kames of Scotland and the eschars of Ireland. See Eschar.

Osage orange () An ornamental tree of the genus Maclura (M. aurantiaca), closely allied to the mulberry (Morus); also, its fruit. The tree was first found in the country of the Osage Indians, and bears a hard and inedible fruit of an orangelike appearance. See Bois d'arc.

Osages (n. pl.) A tribe of southern Sioux Indians, now living in the Indian Territory.

Osanne (n.) Hosanna.

Osar (n. pl.) See 3d Os.

Oscan (a.) Of or pertaining to the Osci, a primitive people of Campania, a province of ancient Italy.

Oscan (n.) The language of the Osci.

Oscillancy (n.) The state of oscillating; a seesaw kind of motion.

Oscillaria (n.) A genus of dark green, or purplish black, filamentous, fresh-water algae, the threads of which have an automatic swaying or crawling motion. Called also Oscillatoria.

Oscillated (imp. & p. p.) of Oscillate

Oscillating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oscillate

Oscillate (v. i.) To move backward and forward; to vibrate like a pendulum; to swing; to sway.

Oscillate (v. i.) To vary or fluctuate between fixed limits; to act or move in a fickle or fluctuating manner; to change repeatedly, back and forth.

Oscillating (a.) That oscillates; vibrating; swinging.

Oscillation (n.) The act of oscillating; a swinging or moving backward and forward, like a pendulum; vibration.

Oscillation (n.) Fluctuation; variation; change back and forth.

Oscillative (a.) Tending to oscillate; vibratory.

Oscillatoria (n. pl.) Same as Oscillaria.

Oscillatory (a.) Moving, or characterized by motion, backward and forward like a pendulum; swinging; oscillating; vibratory; as, oscillatory motion.

Oscine (a.) Relating to the Oscines.

Oscines (n. pl.) Singing birds; a group of the Passeres, having numerous syringeal muscles, conferring musical ability.

Oscinian (n.) One of the Oscines, or singing birds.

Oscinian (n.) Any one of numerous species of dipterous files of the family Oscinidae.

Oscinine (a.) Of or pertaining to the Oscines.

Oscitancy (n.) The act of gaping or yawning.

Oscitancy (n.) Drowsiness; dullness; sluggishness.

Oscitant (a.) Yawning; gaping.

Oscitant (a.) Sleepy; drowsy; dull; sluggish; careless.

Oscitantly (adv.) In an oscitant manner.

Oscitate (v. i.) To gape; to yawn.

Oscitation (n.) The act of yawning or gaping.

Osculant (a.) Kissing; hence, meeting; clinging.

Osculant (a.) Adhering closely; embracing; -- applied to certain creeping animals, as caterpillars.

Osculant (a.) Intermediate in character, or on the border, between two genera, groups, families, etc., of animals or plants, and partaking somewhat of the characters of each, thus forming a connecting link; interosculant; as, the genera by which two families approximate are called osculant genera.

Osculated (imp. & p. p.) of Osculate

Osculating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Osculate

Osculate (v. t.) To kiss.

Osculate (v. t.) To touch closely, so as to have a common curvature at the point of contact. See Osculation, 2.

Osculate (v. i.) To kiss one another; to kiss.

Osculate (v. i.) To touch closely. See Osculation, 2.

Osculate (v. i.) To have characters in common with two genera or families, so as to form a connecting link between them; to interosculate. See Osculant.

Osculation (n.) The act of kissing; a kiss.

Osculation (n.) The contact of one curve with another, when the number of consecutive points of the latter through which the former passes suffices for the complete determination of the former curve.

Osculatory (a.) Of or pertaining to kissing; kissing.

Osculatory (a.) Pertaining to, or having the properties of, an osculatrix; capable of osculation; as, a circle may be osculatory with a curve, at a given point.

Osculatory (n.) Same as Pax, 2.

Osculatrixes (pl. ) of Osculatrix

Osculatrix (n.) A curve whose contact with a given curve, at a given point, is of a higher order (or involves the equality of a greater number of successive differential coefficients of the ordinates of the curves taken at that point) than that of any other curve of the same kind.

Oscule (n.) One of the excurrent apertures of sponges.

Oscula (pl. ) of Osculum

Osculum (n.) Same as Oscule.

-ose () A suffix denoting full of, containing, having the qualities of, like; as in verbose, full of words; pilose, hairy; globose, like a globe.

-ose () A suffix indicating that the substance to the name of which it is affixed is a member of the carbohydrate group; as in cellulose, sucrose, dextrose, etc.

Osier (n.) A kind of willow (Salix viminalis) growing in wet places in Europe and Asia, and introduced into North America. It is considered the best of the willows for basket work. The name is sometimes given to any kind of willow.

Osier (n.) One of the long, pliable twigs of this plant, or of other similar plants.

Osier (a.) Made of osiers; composed of, or containing, osiers.

Osiered (a.) Covered or adorned with osiers; as, osiered banks.

Osiery (n.) An osier bed.

Osiris (n.) One of the principal divinities of Egypt, the brother and husband of Isis. He was figured as a mummy wearing the royal cap of Upper Egypt, and was symbolized by the sacred bull, called Apis. Cf. Serapis.

Osmanlis (pl. ) of Osmanli

Osmanli (n.) A Turkish official; one of the dominant tribe of Turks; loosely, any Turk.

Osmate (n.) A salt of osmic acid.

Osmateria (pl. ) of Osmaterium

Osmaterium (n.) One of a pair of scent organs which the larvae of certain butterflies emit from the first body segment, either above or below.

Osmazome (n.) A substance formerly supposed to give to soup and broth their characteristic odor, and probably consisting of one or several of the class of nitrogenous substances which are called extractives.

Osmiamate (n.) A salt of osmiamic acid.

Osmiamic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a nitrogenous acid of osmium, H2N2Os2O5, forming a well-known series of yellow salts.

Osmic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, osmium; specifically, designating those compounds in which it has a valence higher than in other lower compounds; as, osmic oxide.

Osmidrosis (n.) The secretion of fetid sweat.

Osmious (a.) Denoting those compounds of osmium in which the element has a valence relatively lower than in the osmic compounds; as, osmious chloride.

Osmite (n.) A salt of osmious acid.

Osmium (n.) A rare metallic element of the platinum group, found native as an alloy in platinum ore, and in iridosmine. It is a hard, infusible, bluish or grayish white metal, and the heaviest substance known. Its tetroxide is used in histological experiments to stain tissues. Symbol Os. Atomic weight 191.1. Specific gravity 22.477.

Osmometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the amount of osmotic action in different liquids.

Osmometry (n.) The study of osmose by means of the osmometer.

Osmose (n.) The tendency in fluids to mix, or become equably diffused, when in contact. It was first observed between fluids of differing densities, and as taking place through a membrane or an intervening porous structure. The more rapid flow from the thinner to the thicker fluid was then called endosmose, and the opposite, slower current, exosmose. Both are, however, results of the same force. Osmose may be regarded as a form of molecular attraction, allied to that of adhesion.

Osmose (n.) The action produced by this tendency.

Osmosis (n.) Osmose.

Osmotic (a.) Pertaining to, or having the property of, osmose; as, osmotic force.

Osmund (n.) A fern of the genus Osmunda, or flowering fern. The most remarkable species is the osmund royal, or royal fern (Osmunda regalis), which grows in wet or boggy places, and has large bipinnate fronds, often with a panicle of capsules at the top. The rootstock contains much starch, and has been used in stiffening linen.

Osnaburg (n.) A species of coarse linen, originally made in Osnaburg, Germany.

Oso-berry (n.) The small, blueblack, drupelike fruit of the Nuttallia cerasiformis, a shrub of Oregon and California, belonging to the Cherry tribe of Rosaceae.

Osphradia (pl. ) of Osphradium

Osphradium (n.) The olfactory organ of some Mollusca. It is connected with the organ of respiration.

Osprey (n.) Alt. of Ospray

Ospray (n.) The fishhawk.

Oss (n.) To prophesy; to presage.

Osse (n.) A prophetic or ominous utterance.

Ossean (n.) A fish having a bony skeleton; a teleost.

Ossein (n.) The organic basis of bone tissue; the residue after removal of the mineral matters from bone by dilute acid; in embryonic tissue, the substance in which the mineral salts are deposited to form bone; -- called also ostein. Chemically it is the same as collagen.

Osselet (n.) A little bone.

Osselet (n.) The internal bone, or shell, of a cuttlefish.

Osseous (a.) Composed of bone; resembling bone; capable of forming bone; bony; ossific.

Osseter (n.) A species of sturgeon.

Ossianic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or characteristic of, Ossian, a legendary Erse or Celtic bard.

Ossicle (n.) A little bone; as, the auditory ossicles in the tympanum of the ear.

Ossicle (n.) One of numerous small calcareous structures forming the skeleton of certain echinoderms, as the starfishes.

Ossiculated (a.) Having small bones.

Ossicula (pl. ) of Ossiculum

Ossiculum (n.) Same as Ossicle.

Ossiferous (a.) Containing or yielding bone.

Ossific (a.) Capable of producing bone; having the power to change cartilage or other tissue into bone.

Ossification (n.) The formation of bone; the process, in the growth of an animal, by which inorganic material (mainly lime salts) is deposited in cartilage or membrane, forming bony tissue; ostosis.

Ossification (n.) The state of being changed into a bony substance; also, a mass or point of ossified tissue.

Ossified (a.) Changed to bone or something resembling bone; hardened by deposits of mineral matter of any kind; -- said of tissues.

Ossifrage (n.) The lammergeir.

Ossifrage (n.) The young of the sea eagle or bald eagle.

Ossifragous (a.) Serving to break bones; bone-breaking.

Ossified (imp. & p. p.) of Ossify

Ossifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ossify

Ossify (v. t.) To form into bone; to change from a soft animal substance into bone, as by the deposition of lime salts.

Ossify (v. t.) Fig.: To harden; as, to ossify the heart.

Ossify (v. i.) To become bone; to change from a soft tissue to a hard bony tissue.

Ossifying (a.) Changing into bone; becoming bone; as, the ossifying process.

Ossivorous (a.) Feeding on bones; eating bones; as, ossivorous quadrupeds.

Osspringer (n.) The osprey.

Ossuarium (n.) A charnel house; an ossuary.

-ries (pl. ) of Ossuary

Ossuary (n.) A place where the bones of the dead are deposited; a charnel house.

Ost (n.) See Oast.

Osteal (a.) Osseous.

Ostein (n.) Ossein.

Osteitis (n.) Inflammation of bone.

Osteler (n.) Same as Hosteler.

Ostend (v. t.) To exhibit; to manifest.

Ostensibility (n.) The quality or state of being ostensible.

Ostensible (a.) Capable of being shown; proper or intended to be shown.

Ostensible (a.) Shown; exhibited; declared; avowed; professed; apparent; -- often used as opposed to real or actual; as, an ostensible reason, motive, or aim.

Ostensibly (adv.) In an ostensible manner; avowedly; professedly; apparently.

Ostension (n.) The showing of the sacrament on the altar in order that it may receive the adoration of the communicants.

Ostensive (a.) Showing; exhibiting.

Ostensively (adv.) In an ostensive manner.

-soria (pl. ) of Ostensory

-sories (pl. ) of Ostensory

Ostensorium (n.) Alt. of Ostensory

Ostensory (n.) Same as Monstrance.

Ostent (n.) Appearance; air; mien.

Ostent (n.) Manifestation; token; portent.

Ostentate (v. t.) To make an ambitious display of; to show or exhibit boastingly.

Ostentation (n.) The act of ostentating or of making an ambitious display; unnecessary show; pretentious parade; -- usually in a detractive sense.

Ostentation (n.) A show or spectacle.

Ostentatious (a.) Fond of, or evincing, ostentation; unduly conspicuous; pretentious; boastful.

Ostentator (n.) One fond of display; a boaster.

Ostentive (a.) Ostentatious.

Ostentous (a.) Ostentatious.

Osteo- () A combining form of Gr. / a bone.

Osteoblast (n.) One of the protoplasmic cells which occur in the osteogenetic layer of the periosteum, and from or around which the matrix of the bone is developed; an osteoplast.

Osteoclasis (n.) The operation of breaking a bone in order to correct deformity.

Osteoclast (n.) A myeloplax.

Osteoclast (n.) An instrument for performing osteoclasis.

Osteocolla (n.) A kind of glue obtained from bones.

Osteocolla (n.) A cellular calc tufa, which in some places forms incrustations on the stems of plants, -- formerly supposed to have the quality of uniting fractured bones.

Osteocommata (pl. ) of Osteocomma

Osteocommas (pl. ) of Osteocomma

Osteocomma (n.) A metamere of the vertebrate skeleton; an osteomere; a vertebra.

Osteocope (n.) Pain in the bones; a violent fixed pain in any part of a bone.

Osteocranium (n.) The bony cranium, as distinguished from the cartilaginous cranium.

Osteodentine (n.) A hard substance, somewhat like bone, which is sometimes deposited within the pulp cavity of teeth.

Osteogen (n.) The soft tissue, or substance, which, in developing bone, ultimately undergoes ossification.

Osteogenesis (n.) Alt. of Osteogeny

Osteogeny (n.) The formation or growth of bone.

Osteogenetic (a.) Connected with osteogenesis, or the formation of bone; producing bone; as, osteogenetic tissue; the osteogenetic layer of the periosteum.

Osteogenic (a.) Osteogenetic.

Osteographer (n.) An osteologist.

Osteography (n.) The description of bones; osteology.

Osteoid (a.) Resembling bone; bonelike.

Osteolite (n.) A massive impure apatite, or calcium phosphate.

Osteologer (n.) One versed in osteology; an osteologist.

Osteologic (a.) Alt. of Osteological

Osteological (a.) Of or pertaining to osteology.

Osteologist (n.) One who is skilled in osteology; an osteologer.

Osteology (n.) The science which treats of the bones of the vertebrate skeleton.

Osteomata (pl. ) of Osteoma

Osteoma (n.) A tumor composed mainly of bone; a tumor of a bone.

Osteomalacia (n.) A disease of the bones, in which they lose their earthy material, and become soft, flexible, and distorted. Also called malacia.

Osteomanty (n.) Divination by means of bones.

Osteomere (n.) An osteocomma.

Osteophone (n.) An instrument for transmission of auditory vibrations through the bones of the head, so as to be appreciated as sounds by persons deaf from causes other than those affecting the nervous apparatus of hearing.

Osteoplast (n.) An osteoblast.

Osteoplastic (a.) Producing bone; as, osteoplastic cells.

Osteoplastic (a.) Of or pertaining to the replacement of bone; as, an osteoplastic operation.

Osteoplasty (n.) An operation or process by which the total or partial loss of a bone is remedied.

Osteopterygious (a.) Having bones in the fins, as certain fishes.

Osteosarcomata (pl. ) of Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma (n.) A tumor having the structure of a sacroma in which there is a deposit of bone; sarcoma connected with bone.

Osteotome (n.) Strong nippers or a chisel for dividing bone.

Osteotomist (n.) One skilled in osteotomy.

Osteotomy (n.) The dissection or anatomy of bones; osteology.

Osteotomy (n.) The operation of dividing a bone or of cutting a piece out of it, -- done to remedy deformity, etc.

Osteozoa (n. pl.) Same as Vertebrata.

-ries (pl. ) of Ostiary

Ostiary (n.) The mouth of a river; an estuary.

Ostiary (n.) One who keeps the door, especially the door of a church; a porter.

Ostic (a.) Pertaining to, or applied to, the language of the Tuscaroras, Iroquois, Wyandots, Winnebagoes, and a part of the Sioux Indians.

Ostiole (n.) The exterior opening of a stomate. See Stomate.

Ostiole (n.) Any small orifice.

Ostitis (n.) See Osteitis.

Ostia (pl. ) of Ostium

Ostium (n.) An opening; a passage.

Ostler (n.) See Hostler.

Ostleress (n.) A female ostler.

Ostlery (n.) See Hostelry.

Ostmen (n. pl.) East men; Danish settlers in Ireland, formerly so called.

Ostosis (n.) Bone formation; ossification. See Ectostosis, and Endostosis.

Ostracea (n. pl.) A division of bivalve mollusks including the oysters and allied shells.

Ostracean (n.) Any one of a family of bivalves, of which the oyster is the type.

Ostracion (n.) A genus of plectognath fishes having the body covered with solid, immovable, bony plates. It includes the trunkfishes.

Ostraciont (n.) A fish of the genus Ostracion and allied genera.

Ostracism (n.) Banishment by popular vote, -- a means adopted at Athens to rid the city of a person whose talent and influence gave umbrage.

Ostracism (n.) Banishment; exclusion; as, social ostracism.

Ostracite (n.) A fossil oyster.

Ostracized (imp. & p. p.) of Ostracize

Ostracizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ostracize

Ostracize (v. t.) To exile by ostracism; to banish by a popular vote, as at Athens.

Ostracize (v. t.) To banish from society; to put under the ban; to cast out from social, political, or private favor; as, he was ostracized by his former friends.

Ostracoda (n. pl.) Ostracoidea.

Ostracodermi (n. pl.) A suborder of fishes of which Ostracion is the type.

Ostracoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ostracoidea.

Ostracoid (n.) One of the Ostracoidea.

Ostracoidea (n. pl.) An order of Entomostraca possessing hard bivalve shells. They are of small size, and swim freely about.

Ostrea (n.) A genus of bivalve Mollusca which includes the true oysters.

Ostreaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to an oyster, or to a shell; shelly.

Ostreaculture (n.) The artificial cultivation of oysters.

Ostreophagist (n.) One who feeds on oysters.

Ostrich (n.) A large bird of the genus Struthio, of which Struthio camelus of Africa is the best known species. It has long and very strong legs, adapted for rapid running; only two toes; a long neck, nearly bare of feathers; and short wings incapable of flight. The adult male is about eight feet high.

Ostriferous (a.) Producing oysters; containing oysters.

Ostrogoth (n.) One of the Eastern Goths. See Goth.

Ostrogothic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ostrogoths.

Oswego tea () An American aromatic herb (Monarda didyma), with showy, bright red, labiate flowers.

also, a member of that caste. See Caste.

Psalm (n.) A sacred song; a poetical composition for use in the praise or worship of God.

Psalm (n.) Especially, one of the hymns by David and others, collected into one book of the Old Testament, or a modern metrical version of such a hymn for public worship.

Psalm (v. t.) To extol in psalms; to sing; as, psalming his praises.

Psalmist (n.) A writer or composer of sacred songs; -- a title particularly applied to David and the other authors of the Scriptural psalms.

Psalmist (n.) A clerk, precentor, singer, or leader of music, in the church.

Psalmistry (n.) The use of psalms in devotion; psalmody.

Psalmodic (a.) Alt. of Psalmodical

Psalmodical (a.) Relating to psalmody.

Psalmodist (n.) One who sings sacred songs; a psalmist.

Psalmodize (v. i.) To practice psalmody.

Psalmody (n.) The act, practice, or art of singing psalms or sacred songs; also, psalms collectively, or a collection of psalms.

Psalmograph (n.) A writer of psalms; a psalmographer.

Psalmographer (n.) Alt. of Psalmographist

Psalmographist (n.) A writer of psalms, or sacred songs and hymns.

Psalmography (n.) The act or practice of writing psalms, or sacred songs.

Psalter (n.) The Book of Psalms; -- often applied to a book containing the Psalms separately printed.

Psalter (n.) Specifically, the Book of Psalms as printed in the Book of Common Prayer; among the Roman Catholics, the part of the Breviary which contains the Psalms arranged for each day of the week.

Psalter (n.) A rosary, consisting of a hundred and fifty beads, corresponding to the number of the psalms.

Psalterial (a.) Of or pertaining to the psalterium.

Psalteria (pl. ) of Psalterium

Psalterium (n.) The third stomach of ruminants. See Manyplies.

Psalterium (n.) The lyra of the brain.

Psalteries (pl. ) of Psaltery

Psaltery (n.) A stringed instrument of music used by the Hebrews, the form of which is not known.

Psammite (n.) A species of micaceous sandstone.

Psarolite (n.) A silicified stem of tree fern, found in abundance in the Triassic sandstone.

Psellism (n.) Indistinct pronunciation; stammering.

Psephism (n.) A proposition adopted by a majority of votes; especially, one adopted by vote of the Athenian people; a statute.

Pseudaesthesia (n.) False or imaginary feeling or sense perception such as occurs in hypochondriasis, or such as is referred to an organ that has been removed, as an amputated foot.

Pseudembryo (n.) A false embryo.

Pseudembryo (n.) An asexual form from which the true embryo is produced by budding.

Pseudepigraphic (a.) Alt. of Pseudepigraphic

Pseudepigraphic (a.) Of or pertaining to pseudepigraphy.

Pseudepigraphous (a.) Inscribed with a false name.

Pseudepigraphy (n.) The ascription of false names of authors to works.

Pseudhaemal (a.) Pertaining to the vascular system of annelids.

Pseudo- () A combining form or prefix signifying false, counterfeit, pretended, spurious; as, pseudo-apostle, a false apostle; pseudo-clergy, false or spurious clergy; pseudo-episcopacy, pseudo-form, pseudo-martyr, pseudo-philosopher. Also used adjectively.

Pseudobacteria (n. pl.) Microscopic organic particles, molecular granules, powdered inorganic substances, etc., which in form, size, and grouping resemble bacteria.

Pseudoblepsis (n.) False or depraved sight; imaginary vision of objects.

Pseudobranch (n.) Same as Pseudobranchia.

Pseudobranchiae (pl. ) of Pseudobranchia

Pseudobranchia (n.) A rudimentary branchia, or gill.

Pseudo-bulb (n.) An aerial corm, or thickened stem, as of some epiphytic orchidaceous plants.

Pseudocarp (n.) That portion of an anthocarpous fruit which is not derived from the ovary, as the soft part of a strawberry or of a fig.

Pseudo-china (n.) The false china root, a plant of the genus Smilax (S. Pseudo-china), found in America.

Pseudocoele (n.) Same as Pseudocoelia.

Pseudocoelia (n.) The fifth ventricle in the mammalian brain. See Ventricle.

Pseudo-cone (n.) One of the soft gelatinous cones found in the compound eyes of certain insects, taking the place of the crystalline cones of others.

Pseudo-cumene (n.) A hydrocarbon of the aromatic series, metameric with mesitylene and cumene, found in coal tar, and obtained as a colorless liquid.

Pseudo-dipteral (a.) Falsely or imperfectly dipteral, as a temple with the inner range of columns surrounding the cella omitted, so that the space between the cella wall and the columns is very great, being equal to two intercolumns and one column.

Pseudo-dipteral (n.) A pseudo-dipteral temple.

Pseudodox (a.) Not true in opinion or doctrine; false.

Pseudodox (n.) A false opinion or doctrine.

Pseudofilari/ (pl. ) of Pseudofilaria

Pseudofilaria (n.) One of the two elongated vibratile young formed by fission of the embryo during the development of certain Gregarinae.

Pseudo-galena (n.) False galena, or blende. See Blende (a).

Pseudograph (n.) A false writing; a spurious document; a forgery.

Pseudography (n.) False writing; forgery.

Pseudohalteres (pl. ) of Pseudohalter

Pseudohalter (n.) One of the rudimentary front wings of certain insects (Stylops). They resemble the halteres, or rudimentary hind wings, of Diptera.

Pseudo-heart (n.) Any contractile vessel of invertebrates which is not of the nature of a real heart, especially one of those pertaining to the excretory system.

Pseudo-hyperthophic (a.) Falsely hypertrophic; as, pseudo-hypertrophic paralysis, a variety of paralysis in which the muscles are apparently enlarged, but are really degenerated and replaced by fat.

Pseudologist (n.) One who utters falsehoods; a liar.

Pseudology (n.) Falsehood of speech.

Pseudo-metallic (a.) Falsely or imperfectly metallic; -- said of a kind of luster, as in minerals.

Pseudo-monocotyledonous (a.) Having two coalescent cotyledons, as the live oak and the horse-chestnut.

Pseudomorph (n.) An irregular or deceptive form.

Pseudomorph (n.) A pseudomorphous crystal, as a crystal consisting of quartz, but having the cubic form of fluor spar, the fluor crystal having been changed to quartz by a process of substitution.

Pseudomorphism (n.) The state of having, or the property of taking, a crystalline form unlike that which belongs to the species.

Pseudomorphous (a.) Not having the true form.

Pseudonavicullae (pl. ) of Pseudonavicella

Pseudonavicella (n.) Same as Pseudonavicula.

Pseudonaviculae (pl. ) of Pseudonavicula

Pseudonavicula (n.) One of the minute spindle-shaped embryos of Gregarinae and some other Protozoa.

Pseudoneuroptera (n. pl.) division of insects (Zool.) reticulated wings, as in the Neuroptera, but having an active pupa state. It includes the dragon flies, May flies, white ants, etc. By some zoologists they are classed with the Orthoptera; by others, with the Neuroptera.

Pseudoneuropterous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Pseudoneuroptera.

Pseudonym (n.) A fictitious name assumed for the time, as by an author; a pen name.

Pseudonumity (n.) The using of fictitious names, as by authors.

Pseudonymous (a.) Bearing a false or fictitious name; as, a pseudonymous work.

Pseuso-peripteral (a.) Falsely or imperfectly peripteral, as a temple having the columns at the sides attached to the walls, and an ambulatory only at the ends or only at one end.

Pseuso-peripteral (n.) A pseudo-peripteral temple.

Pseudopod (n.) Any protoplasmic filament or irregular process projecting from any unicellular organism, or from any animal or plant call.

Pseudopod (n.) A rhizopod.

Pseudopodial (a.) Of or pertaining to a pseudopod, or to pseudopodia. See Illust. of Heliozoa.

Pseudopodia (pl. ) of Pseudopodium

Pseudopodium (n.) Same as Pseudopod.

Pseudopupae (pl. ) of Pseudopupa

Pseudopupas (pl. ) of Pseudopupa

Pseudopupa (n.) A stage intermediate between the larva and pupa of bees and certain other hymenopterous insects.

Pseudorhabdite (n.) One of the peculiar rodlike corpuscles found in the integument of certain Turbellaria. They are filled with a soft granular substance.

Pseudo-romantic (a.) Falsely romantic.

Pseudoscope (n.) An instrument which exhibits objects with their proper relief reversed; -- an effect opposite to that produced by the stereoscope.

Pseudoscopic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or formed by, a pseudoscope; having its parts appearing with the relief reversed; as, a pseudoscopic image.

Pseudoscorpiones (n. pl.) An order of Arachnoidea having the palpi terminated by large claws, as in the scorpions, but destitute of a caudal sting; the false scorpions. Called also Pseudoscorpii, and Pseudoscorpionina. See Illust. of Book scorpion, under Book.

Pseudosphere (n.) The surface of constant negative curvature generated by the revolution of a tractrix. This surface corresponds in non-Euclidian space to the sphere in ordinary space. An important property of the surface is that any figure drawn upon it can be displaced in any way without tearing it or altering in size any of its elements.

Pseudospore (n.) A peculiar reproductive cell found in some fungi.

-lae (pl. ) of Pseudostella

Pseudostella (n.) Any starlike meteor or phenomenon.

Pseudostomata (pl. ) of Pseudostoma

Pseudostoma (n.) A group of cells resembling a stoma, but without any true aperture among them.

Pseudo-symmetric (a.) Exhibiting pseudo-symmetry.

Pseudo-symmetry (n.) A kind of symmetry characteristic of certain crystals which from twinning, or other causes, come to resemble forms of a system other than that to which they belong, as the apparently hexagonal prisms of aragonite.

Pseudotetramera (n. pl.) A division of beetles having the fifth tarsal joint minute and obscure, so that there appear to be but four joints.

Pseudotineae (pl. ) of Pseudotinea

Pseudotinea (n.) The bee moth, or wax moth (Galleria).

Pseudoturbinal (a.) See under Turbinal.

Pseudovaries (pl. ) of Pseudovary

Pseudovary (n.) The organ in which pseudova are produced; -- called also pseudovarium.

Pseudova (pl. ) of Pseudovum

Pseudovum (n.) An egglike germ produced by the agamic females of some insects and other animals, and by the larvae of certain insects. It is capable of development without fertilization. See Illust. of Paedogenesis.

Pshaw (interj.) Pish! pooch! -- an exclamation used as an expression of contempt, disdain, dislike, etc.

Pshaw (v. i.) To express disgust or contemptuous disapprobation, as by the exclamation " Pshaw!"

Psilanthropic (a.) Pertaining to, or embodying, psilanthropy. "A psilanthropic explanation."

Psilanthropism (n.) Psilanthropy.

Psilanthropist (n.) One who believes that Christ was a mere man.

Psilanthropy (n.) The doctrine of the merely human existence of Christ.

Psilology (n.) Love of empty of empty talk or noise.

Psilomelane (n.) A hydrous oxide of manganese, occurring in smooth, botryoidal forms, and massive, and having an iron-black or steel-gray color.

Psilopaedes (n. pl.) birds whose young at first have down on the pterylae only; -- called also Gymnopaedes.

Psilopaedic (a.) Having down upon the pterylae only; -- said of the young of certain birds.

Psilosopher (n.) A superficial or narrow pretender to philosophy; a sham philosopher.

Psittaceous (a.) Alt. of Psittacid

Psittacid (a.) Of or pertaining to the parrots, or the Psittaci.

Psittacid (n.) One of the Psittaci.

Psittaci (n. pl.) The order of birds which comprises the parrots.

Psitta-co-fulvine (n.) A yellow pigment found in the feathers of certain parrots.

Psoas (n.) An internal muscle arising from the lumbar vertebrae and inserted into the femur. In man there are usually two on each side, and the larger one, or great psoas, forms a part of the iliopsoas.

Psora (n.) A cutaneous disease; especially, the itch.

Psoriasis (n.) The state of being affected with psora.

Psoriasis (n.) A cutaneous disease, characterized by imbricated silvery scales, affecting only the superficial layers of the skin.

Psoric (a.) Of or pertaining to psora.

Psorosperm (n.) A minute parasite, usually the young of Gregarinae, in the pseudonavicula stage.

Psychagogic (a.) Attractive; persuasive.

Psychagogue (n.) A necromancer.

Psychal (a.) Of or pertaining to the soul; psychical.

Psyche (n.) A lovely maiden, daughter of a king and mistress of Eros, or Cupid. She is regarded as the personification of the soul.

Psyche (n.) The soul; the vital principle; the mind.

Psyche (n.) A cheval glass.

Psychian (n.) Any small moth of the genus Psyche and allied genera (family Psychidae). The larvae are called basket worms. See Basket worm, under Basket.

Psychiatria (n.) Alt. of Psychiatry

Psychiatry (n.) The application of the healing art to mental diseases.

Psychiatric (a.) Of or pertaining to psychiatria.

Psychic (a.) Alt. of Psychical

Psychical (a.) Of or pertaining to the human soul, or to the living principle in man.

Psychical (a.) Of or pertaining to the mind, or its functions and diseases; mental; -- contrasted with physical.

Psychics (n.) Psychology.

Psychism (n.) The doctrine of Quesne, that there is a fluid universally diffused, end equally animating all living beings, the difference in their actions being due to the difference of the individual organizations.

Psycho- () A combining form from Gr. psychh` the soul, the mind, the understanding; as, psychology.

Psychogenesis (n.) Genesis through an internal force, as opposed to natural selection.

Psychography (n.) A description of the phenomena of mind.

Psychography (n.) Spirit writing.

Psychologic (a.) Alt. of Psychological

Psychological (a.) Of or pertaining to psychology. See Note under Psychic.

Psychologist (n.) One who is versed in, devoted to, psychology.

Psychologue (n.) A psychologist.

Psychologies (pl. ) of Psychology

Psychology (n.) The science of the human soul; specifically, the systematic or scientific knowledge of the powers and functions of the human soul, so far as they are known by consciousness; a treatise on the human soul.

Psychomachy (n.) A conflict of the soul with the body.

Psychomancy (n.) Necromancy.

Psychometry (n.) The art of measuring the duration of mental processes, or of determining the time relations of mental phenomena.

Psycho-motor (a.) Of or pertaining to movement produced by action of the mind or will.

Psychopannychism (n.) The doctrine that the soul falls asleep at death, and does not wake until the resurrection of the body.

Psychopathy (n.) Mental disease. See Psychosis, 2.

Psychophysical (a.) Of or pertaining to psychophysics; involving the action or mutual relations of the psychical and physical in man.

Psychophysics (n.) The science of the connection between nerve action and consciousness; the science which treats of the relations of the psychical and physical in their conjoint operation in man; the doctrine of the relation of function or dependence between body and soul.

Psychopomp (n.) A leader or guide of souls .

Psychosis (n.) Any vital action or activity.

Psychosis (n.) A disease of the mind; especially, a functional mental disorder, that is, one unattended with evident organic changes.

Psychozoic (a.) Designating, or applied to the Era of man; as, the psychozoic era.

Psychrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the tension of the aqueous vapor in the atmosphere, being essentially a wet and dry bulb hygrometer.

Psychrometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to the psychrometer or psychrometry.

Psychrometry (n.) Hygrometry.

Psyllae (pl. ) of Psylla

Psylla (n.) Any leaping plant louse of the genus Psylla, or family Psyllidae.

Tsar (n.) The title of the emperor of Russia. See Czar.

Tsarina (n.) Alt. of Tsaritsa

Tsaritsa (n.) The title of the empress of Russia. See Czarina.

Tschakmeck (n.) The chameck.

Tschego (n.) A West African anthropoid ape allied to the gorilla and chimpanzee, and by some considered only a variety of the chimpanzee. It is noted for building large, umbrella-shaped nests in trees. Called also tscheigo, tschiego, nschego, nscheigo.

Tsebe (n.) The springbok.

Tsetse (n.) A venomous two-winged African fly (Glossina morsitans) whose bite is very poisonous, and even fatal, to horses and cattle, but harmless to men. It renders extensive districts in which it abounds uninhabitable during certain seasons of the year.

T square () See under T.

Us (pron.) The persons speaking, regarded as an object; ourselves; -- the objective case of we. See We.

Usable (a.) Capable of being used.

Usage (n.) The act of using; mode of using or treating; treatment; conduct with respect to a person or a thing; as, good usage; ill usage; hard usage.

Usage (n.) Manners; conduct; behavior.

Usage (n.) Long-continued practice; customary mode of procedure; custom; habitual use; method.

Usage (n.) Customary use or employment, as of a word or phrase in a particular sense or signification.

Usage (n.) Experience.

Usager (n.) One who has the use of anything in trust for another.

Usance (v. t.) Use; usage; employment.

Usance (v. t.) Custom; practice; usage.

Usance (v. t.) Interest paid for money; usury.

Usance (v. t.) The time, fixed variously by the usage between different countries, when a bill of exchange is payable; as, a bill drawn on London at one usance, or at double usance.

Usant (a.) Using; accustomed.

Usbegs (n. pl.) Alt. of Usbeks

Usbeks (n. pl.) A Turkish tribe which about the close of the 15th century conquered, and settled in, that part of Asia now called Turkestan.

Use (v. t.) The act of employing anything, or of applying it to one's service; the state of being so employed or applied; application; employment; conversion to some purpose; as, the use of a pen in writing; his machines are in general use.

Use (v. t.) Occasion or need to employ; necessity; as, to have no further use for a book.

Use (v. t.) Yielding of service; advantage derived; capability of being used; usefulness; utility.

Use (v. t.) Continued or repeated practice; customary employment; usage; custom; manner; habit.

Use (v. t.) Common occurrence; ordinary experience.

Use (v. t.) The special form of ritual adopted for use in any diocese; as, the Sarum, or Canterbury, use; the Hereford use; the York use; the Roman use; etc.

Use (v. t.) The premium paid for the possession and employment of borrowed money; interest; usury.

Use (v. t.) The benefit or profit of lands and tenements. Use imports a trust and confidence reposed in a man for the holding of lands. He to whose use or benefit the trust is intended shall enjoy the profits. An estate is granted and limited to A for the use of B.

Use (v. t.) A stab of iron welded to the side of a forging, as a shaft, near the end, and afterward drawn down, by hammering, so as to lengthen the forging.

Used (imp. & p. p.) of Use

Using (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Use

Use (v. t.) To make use of; to convert to one's service; to avail one's self of; to employ; to put a purpose; as, to use a plow; to use a chair; to use time; to use flour for food; to use water for irrigation.

Use (v. t.) To behave toward; to act with regard to; to treat; as, to use a beast cruelly.

Use (v. t.) To practice customarily; to make a practice of; as, to use diligence in business.

Use (v. t.) To accustom; to habituate; to render familiar by practice; to inure; -- employed chiefly in the passive participle; as, men used to cold and hunger; soldiers used to hardships and danger.

Use (v. i.) To be wont or accustomed; to be in the habit or practice; as, he used to ride daily; -- now disused in the present tense, perhaps because of the similarity in sound, between "use to," and "used to."

Use (v. i.) To be accustomed to go; to frequent; to inhabit; to dwell; -- sometimes followed by of.

Useful (a.) Full of use, advantage, or profit; producing, or having power to produce, good; serviceable for any end or object; helpful toward advancing any purpose; beneficial; profitable; advantageous; as, vessels and instruments useful in a family; books useful for improvement; useful knowledge; useful arts.

Usefully (adv.) In a useful manner.

Usefulness (n.) The quality or state of being useful; utility; serviceableness; advantage.

Useless (a.) Having, or being of, no use; unserviceable; producing no good end; answering no valuable purpose; not advancing the end proposed; unprofitable; ineffectual; as, a useless garment; useless pity.

User (n.) One who uses.

User (n.) Enjoyment of property; use.

Usher (n.) An officer or servant who has the care of the door of a court, hall, chamber, or the like; hence, an officer whose business it is to introduce strangers, or to walk before a person of rank. Also, one who escorts persons to seats in a church, theater, etc.

Usher (n.) An under teacher, or assistant master, in a school.

Ushered (imp. & p. p.) of Usher

Ushering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Usher

Usher (v. t.) To introduce or escort, as an usher, forerunner, or harbinger; to forerun; -- sometimes followed by in or forth; as, to usher in a stranger; to usher forth the guests; to usher a visitor into the room.

Usherance (n.) The act of ushering, or the state of being ushered in.

Usherdom (n.) The office or position of an usher; ushership; also, ushers, collectively.

Usherless (a.) Destitute of an usher.

Ushership (n.) The office of an usher; usherdom.

Usitative (a.) Denoting usual or customary action.

Usnea (n.) A genus of lichens, most of the species of which have long, gray, pendulous, and finely branched fronds. Usnea barbata is the common bearded lichen which grows on branches of trees in northern forests.

Usnic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex acid obtained, as a yellow crystalline substance, from certain genera of lichens (Usnea, Parmelia, etc.).

Usquebaugh (a.) A compound distilled spirit made in Ireland and Scotland; whisky.

Usquebaugh (a.) A liquor compounded of brandy, or other strong spirit, raisins, cinnamon and other spices.

Usself (n. pl.) Ourselves.

Ustion (n.) The act of burning, or the state of being burned.

Ustorious (a.) Having the quality of burning.

Ustulate (a.) Blackened as if burned.

Ustulation (n.) The act of burning or searing.

Ustulation (n.) The operation of expelling one substance from another by heat, as sulphur or arsenic from ores, in a muffle.

Ustulation (n.) The roasting or drying of moist substances so as prepare them for pulverizing.

Ustulation (n.) The burning of wine.

Ustulation (n.) Lascivious passion; concupiscence.

Usual (n.) Such as is in common use; such as occurs in ordinary practice, or in the ordinary course of events; customary; ordinary; habitual; common.

Usucaption (n.) The acquisition of the title or right to property by the uninterrupted possession of it for a certain term prescribed by law; -- the same as prescription in common law.

Usufruct (n.) The right of using and enjoying the profits of an estate or other thing belonging to another, without impairing the substance.

Usufructuary (n.) A person who has the use of property and reaps the profits of it.

Usufructuary (a.) Of or pertaining to a usufruct; having the nature of a usufruct.

Usurarious (a.) Alt. of Usurary

Usurary (a.) Usurious.

Usured (imp. & p. p.) of Usure

Usuring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Usure

Usure (v. i.) To practice usury; to charge unlawful interest.

Usure (n.) Usury.

Usurer (n.) One who lends money and takes interest for it; a money lender.

Usurer (n.) One who lends money at a rate of interest beyond that established by law; one who exacts an exorbitant rate of interest for the use of money.

Usurious (a.) Practicing usury; taking illegal or exorbitant interest for the use of money; as, a usurious person.

Usurious (a.) Partaking of usury; containing or involving usury; as, a usurious contract.

Usurped (imp. & p. p.) of Usurp

Usurping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Usurp

Usurp (v. t.) To seize, and hold in possession, by force, or without right; as, to usurp a throne; to usurp the prerogatives of the crown; to usurp power; to usurp the right of a patron is to oust or dispossess him.

Usurp (v. i.) To commit forcible seizure of place, power, functions, or the like, without right; to commit unjust encroachments; to be, or act as, a usurper.

Usurpant (a.) Usurping; encroaching.

Usurpation (n.) The act of usurping, or of seizing and enjoying; an authorized, arbitrary assumption and exercise of power, especially an infringing on the rights of others; specifically, the illegal seizure of sovereign power; -- commonly used with of, also used with on or upon; as, the usurpation of a throne; the usurpation of the supreme power.

Usurpation (n.) Use; usage; custom.

Usurpatory (a.) Marked by usurpation; usurping.

Usurpature (n.) Usurpation.

Usurper (n.) One who usurps; especially, one who seizes illegally on sovereign power; as, the usurper of a throne, of power, or of the rights of a patron.

Usurpingly (adv.) In a usurping manner.

Usury (v. t.) A premium or increase paid, or stipulated to be paid, for a loan, as of money; interest.

Usury (v. t.) The practice of taking interest.

Usury (v. t.) Interest in excess of a legal rate charged to a borrower for the use of money.

Ysame (adv.) Together.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.