Words whose 6th letter is I
Abactinal (a.) Pertaining to the surface or end opposite to the mouth in a radiate animal; -- opposed to actinal.
Abdominales (n. pl.) A group including the greater part of fresh-water fishes, and many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind the pectorals.
Abdominous (a.) Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied.
Abigail (n.) A lady's waiting-maid.
Ablative (a.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
Abortive (v.) Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum.
Abstain (v. i.) To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from.
Acyclic (a.) Having an open-chain structure; aliphatic.
Achenium (n.) A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a single seed, as in the buttercup; -- called a naked seed by the earlier botanists.
Aclinic (a.) Without inclination or dipping; -- said the magnetic needle balances itself horizontally, having no dip. The aclinic Acquaint (v. t.) To furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to know; to make familiar; -- followed by with.
Acquaint (v. t.) To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; -- followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that, introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with the particulars of an act.
Actinium (n.) A supposed metal, said by Phipson to be contained in commercial zinc; -- so called because certain of its compounds are darkened by exposure to light.
Addition (n.) The act of adding two or more things together; -- opposed to subtraction or diminution.
Addition (n.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; -- opposed to abatement.
Additive (a.) Proper to be added; positive; -- opposed to subtractive.
Adenoid (n.) A swelling produced by overgrowth of the adenoid tissue in the roof of the pharynx; -- usually in pl.
Admonish (v. t.) To counsel against wrong practices; to cation or advise; to warn against danger or an offense; -- followed by of, against, or a subordinate clause.
Adscript (a.) Held to service as attached to the soil; -- said of feudal serfs.
Affiliate (v. t.) To fix the paternity of; -- said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather than another.
Affiliate (v. t.) To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; -- followed by to or with.
Affiliate (v. i.) To connect or associate one's self; -- followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
Affinity (n.) Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between.
Agrarian (a.) Wild; -- said of plants growing in the fields.
Alarming (a.) Exciting, or calculated to excite, alarm; causing apprehension of danger; as, an alarming crisis or report. -- A*larm"ing*ly, adv.
Albolith (n.) A kind of plastic cement, or artificial stone, consisting chiefly of magnesia and silica; -- called also albolite.
Albugineous (a.) Of the nature of, or resembling, the white of the eye, or of an egg; albuminous; -- a term applied to textures, humors, etc., which are perfectly white.
Alleviate (v. t.) To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; -- opposed to aggravate.
Allodial (a.) Pertaining to allodium; freehold; free of rent or service; held independent of a lord paramount; -- opposed to feudal; as, allodial lands; allodial system.
Alluvial (n.) Alluvial soil; specif., in Australia, gold-bearing alluvial soil.
Altruism (n.) Regard for others, both natural and moral; devotion to the interests of others; brotherly kindness; -- opposed to egoism or selfishness.
Altruist (n.) One imbued with altruism; -- opposed to egoist.
Altruistic (a.) Regardful of others; beneficent; unselfish; -- opposed to egoistic or selfish.
Ambitious (a.) Strongly desirous; -- followed by of or the infinitive; as, ambitious to be or to do something.
Ambreic (a.) Of or pertaining to ambrein; -- said of a certain acid produced by digesting ambrein in nitric acid.
Ammonia (n.) A gaseous compound of hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, with a pungent smell and taste: -- often called volatile alkali, and spirits of hartshorn.
Ampelite (n.) An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; -- applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.
Amyloid (n.) A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance.
Analcime (n.) A white or flesh-red mineral, of the zeolite family, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.
Anaseismic (a.) Moving up and down; -- said of earthquake shocks.
Anastigmatic (a.) Not astigmatic; -- said esp. of a lens system which consists of a converging lens and a diverging lens of equal and opposite astigmatism but different focal lengths, and sensibly free from astigmatism.
Ancipitous (a.) Two-edged instead of round; -- said of certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely also of leaves.
Aneroid (a.) Containing no liquid; -- said of a kind of barometer.
Anterior (a.) Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; -- opposed to posterior.
Anticipant (a.) Anticipating; expectant; -- with of.
Anything (n.) Expressing an indefinite comparison; -- with as or like.
Aphanite (n.) A very compact, dark-colored /ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.
Aphanitic (a.) Resembling aphanite; having a very fine-grained structure.
Apheliotropic (a.) Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc.
Apheliotropism (n.) The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.
Aphemia (n.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.
Aphesis (n.) The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.
Apparition (n.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation.
Apposite (a.) Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case.
Aquarius (n.) The Water-bearer; the eleventh sign in the zodiac, which the sun enters about the 20th of January; -- so called from the rains which prevail at that season in Italy and the East.
AquiAramaic (a.) Pertaining to Aram, or to the territory, inhabitants, language, or literature of Syria and Mesopotamia; Aramaean; -- specifically applied to the northern branch of the Semitic family of languages, including Syriac and Chaldee.
Arapaima (n.) A large fresh-water food fish of South America.
Arboricole (a.) Tree-inhabiting; -- said of certain birds.
Archaism (a.) An ancient, antiquated, or old-fashioned, word, expression, or idiom; a word or form of speech no longer in common use.
Archwise (adv.) Arch-shaped.
Aretaics (n.) The ethical theory which excludes all relations between virtue and happiness; the science of virtue; -- contrasted with eudemonics.
Arsenic (n.) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel-gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356? Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenicum >
Arsenic (n.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; -- called also arsenious acid, white arsenic, and ratsbane.
Arsenic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic; -- said of those compounds of arsenic in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, arsenic acid.
Arsenide (n.) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret.
Arseniureted (a.) Combined with arsenic; -- said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen.
Arterialization (n.) The process of converting venous blood into arterial blood during its passage through the lungs, oxygen being absorbed and carbonic acid evolved; -- called also aeration and hematosis.
Ascetic (a.) Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe.
Ascetic (n.) In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.
Ascidioidea (n. pl.) A group of Tunicata, often shaped like a two-necked bottle. The group includes, social, and compound species. The gill is a netlike structure within the oral aperture. The integument is usually leathery in texture. See Illustration in Appendix.
Ascidium (n.) A pitcher-shaped, or flask-shaped, organ or appendage of a plant, as the leaves of the pitcher plant, or the little bladderlike traps of the bladderwort (Utricularia).
Asperity (n.) Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness.
Asperity (n.) Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness.
Assibilation (n.) Change of a non-sibilant letter to a sibilant, as of -tion to -shun, duke to ditch.
Associable (a.) Liable to be affected by sympathy with other parts; -- said of organs, nerves, muscles, etc.
Asteridea (n. pl.) A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is star-shaped or pentagonal.
Asterion (n.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.
Asterism (n.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.
Astroite (n.) A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone.
Atheling (n.) An Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; esp., the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family.
Atrabiliary (a.) Melancholic or hypohondriac; atrabilious; -- from the supposed predominance of black bile, to the influence of which the ancients attributed hypochondria, melancholy, and mania.
Audacity (n.) Reckless daring; presumptuous impudence; -- implying a contempt of law or moral restraints.
Autokinetic (a.) Self-moving; moving automatically.
Autodidact (n.) One who is self-taught; an automath.
Auxiliary (sing.) A verb which helps to form the voices, modes, and tenses of other verbs; -- called, also, an auxiliary verb; as, have, be, may, can, do, must, shall, and will, in English; etre and avoir, in French; avere and essere, in Italian; estar and haber, in Spanish.
Autunite (n.) A lemon-yellow phosphate of uranium and calcium occurring in tabular crystals with basal cleavage, and in micalike scales. H., 2-2.5. Sp. gr., 3.05-3.19.
Banstickle (n.) A small fish, the three-spined stickleback.
Barbaic (a.) Of, or from, barbarian nations; foreign; -- often with reference to barbarous nations of east.
Bargain (n.) To make a bargain; to make a contract for the exchange of property or services; -- followed by with and for; as, to bargain with a farmer for a cow.
Bargainer (n.) One who makes a bargain; -- sometimes in the sense of bargainor.
Banzai (interj.) Lit., May you live ten thousand years; -- used in salutation of the emperor and as a battle cry.
Begonia (n.) A genus of plants, mostly of tropical America, many species of which are grown as ornamental plants. The leaves are curiously one-sided, and often exhibit brilliant colors.
Behavior (n.) Manner of behaving, whether good or bad; mode of conducting one's self; conduct; deportment; carriage; -- used also of inanimate objects; as, the behavior of a ship in a storm; the behavior of the magnetic needle.
Benedictus (a.) The song of Zacharias at the birth of John the Baptist (Luke i. 68); -- so named from the first word of the Latin version.
Beneficial (a.) Conferring benefits; useful; profitable; helpful; advantageous; serviceable; contributing to a valuable end; -- followed by to.
Benefiter (n.) One who confers a benefit; -- also, one who receives a benefit.
Benitier (n.) A holy-water stoup.
Berthierite (n.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.
Betulin (n.) A substance of a resinous nature, obtained from the outer bark of the common European birch (Betula alba), or from the tar prepared therefrom; -- called also birch camphor.
Bibasic (a.) Having to hydrogen atoms which can be replaced by positive or basic atoms or radicals to form salts; -- said of acids. See Dibasic.
Bicarinate (a.) Having two keel-like projections, as the upper palea of grasses.
Bifoliate (a.) Having two leaves; two-leaved.
Bigeminate (a.) Having a forked petiole, and a pair of leaflets at the end of each division; biconjugate; twice paired; -- said of a decompound leaf.
Billfish (n.) The American fresh-water garpike (Lepidosteus osseus).
Binomial (n.) An expression consisting of two terms connected by the sign plus (+) or minus (-); as, a + b, or 7 - 3.
Binomial (a.) Having two names; -- used of the system by which every animal and plant receives two names, the one indicating the genus, the other the species, to which it belongs.
Bisilicate (n.) A salt of metasilicic acid; -- so called because the ratio of the oxygen of the silica to the oxygen of the base is as two to one. The bisilicates include many of the most common and important minerals.
Blandiloquious (a.) Fair-spoken; flattering.
Bluewing (n.) The blue-winged teal. See Teal.
Boarfish (n.) A Mediterranean fish (Capros aper), of the family Caproidae; -- so called from the resemblance of the extended lips to a hog's snout.
Bobolink (n.) An American singing bird (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). The male is black and white; the female is brown; -- called also, ricebird, reedbird, and Boblincoln.
Bobwhite (n.) The common quail of North America (Colinus, or Ortyx, Virginianus); -- so called from its note.
Bohemian (n.) A restless vagabond; -- originally, an idle stroller or gypsy (as in France) thought to have come from Bohemia; in later times often applied to an adventurer in art or literature, of irregular, unconventional habits, questionable tastes, or free morals.
Bonaci (n.) A large grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) of Florida and the West Indies, valuable as a food fish; -- called also aguaji and, in Florida, black grouper.
Brainish (a.) Hot-headed; furious.
Branlin (n.) A small red worm or larva, used as bait for small fresh-water fish; -- so called from its red color.
Bromlife (n.) A carbonate of baryta and lime, intermediate between witherite and strontianite; -- called also alstonite.
Brownie (n.) An imaginary good-natured spirit, who was supposed often to perform important services around the house by night, such as thrashing, churning, sweeping.
Bufonite (n.) An old name for a fossil consisting of the petrified teeth and palatal bones of fishes belonging to the family of Pycnodonts (thick teeth), whose remains occur in the oolite and chalk formations; toadstone; -- so named from a notion that it was originally formed in the head of a toad.
Bullfighting (n.) A barbarous sport, of great antiquity, in which men torment, and fight with, a bull or bulls in an arena, for public amusement, -- still popular in Spain.
Bumptious (a.) Self-conceited; forward; pushing.
Calorisator (n.) An apparatus used in beet-sugar factories to heat the juice in order to aid the diffusion.
Cacuminal (a.) Pertaining to the top of the palate; cerebral; -- applied to certain consonants; as, cacuminal (or cerebral) letters.
Caducibranchiate (a.) With temporary gills: -- applied to those Amphibia in which the gills do not remain in adult life.
Calamity (n.) Any great misfortune or cause of misery; -- generally applied to events or disasters which produce extensive evil, either to communities or individuals.
Calceiform (a.) Shaped like a slipper, as one petal of the lady's-slipper; calceolate.
Caloric (n.) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.
Calorificient (a.) Having, or relating to the power of producing heat; -- applied to foods which, being rich in carbon, as the fats, are supposed to give rise to heat in the animal body by oxidation.
Cambrian (a.) Of or pertaining to the lowest subdivision of the rocks of the Silurian or Molluscan age; -- sometimes described as inferior to the Silurian. It is named from its development in Cambria or Wales. See the Diagram under Geology.
Cambric (n.) A fabric made, in imitation of Cancriform (a.) Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab-shaped.
Capacity (n.) The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.
Cavalier (a.) High-spirited.
Cavatina (n.) Originally, a melody of simpler form than the aria; a song without a second part and a da capo; -- a term now variously and vaguely used.
Celeriac (n.) Turnip-rooted celery, a from of celery with a large globular root, which is used for food.
Cenation (n.) Meal-taking; dining or supping.
Cerasin (n.) A white amorphous substance, the insoluble part of cherry gum; -- called also meta-arabinic acid.
Cerasin (n.) A gummy mucilaginous substance; -- called also bassorin, tragacanthin, etc.
Cerotin (n.) A white crystalCertain (a.) Determined; resolved; -- used with an infinitive.
Certain (a.) Not specifically named; indeterminate; indefinite; one or some; -- sometimes used independenty as a noun, and meaning certain persons.
Charlie (n.) A night watchman; -- an old name.
Charlie (n.) As a proper name, a fox; -- so called in fables and familiar literature.
Charlie (n.) A night watchman; -- an old name.
Charlie (n.) As a proper name, a fox; -- so called in fables and familiar literature.
Chaffinch (n.) A bird of Europe (Fringilla coelebs), having a variety of very sweet songs, and highly valued as a cage bird; -- called also copper finch.
Chagrin (n.) To excite ill-humor in; to vex; to mortify; as, he was not a little chagrined.
Chamois (n.) A soft leather made from the skin of the chamois, or from sheepskin, etc.; -- called also chamois leather, and chammy or shammy leather. See Shammy.
Charpie (n.) Straight threads obtained by unraveling old Chartism (n.) The principles of a political party in England (1838-48), which contended for universal suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, equal electoral districts, and other radical reforms, as set forth in a document called the People's Charter.
Chloric (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, chloric acid, HClO3.
Chromic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chromium; -- said of the compounds of chromium in which it has its higher valence.
Chromid (n.) One of the Chromidae, a family of fresh-water fishes abundant in the tropical parts of America and Africa. Some are valuable food fishes, as the bulti of the Nile.
Chromite (n.) A black submetallic mineral consisting of oxide of chromium and iron; -- called also chromic iron.
Churlish (a.) Like a churl; rude; cross-grained; ungracious; surly; illiberal; niggardly.
Cineritious (a.) Like ashes; having the color of ashes, -- as the cortical substance of the brain.
Classic (n.) A work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; -- originally used of Greek and Latin works or authors, but now applied to authors and works of a like character in any language.
Clepsine (n.) A genus of fresh-water leeches, furnished with a proboscis. They feed upon mollusks and worms.
Clothing (n.) A covering of non-conducting material on the outside of a boiler, or steam chamber, to prevent radiation of heat.
Clypeiform (a.) Shield-shaped; clypeate.
Coalfish (n.) The pollock; -- called also, coalsey, colemie, colmey, coal whiting, etc. See Pollock.
Comitiva (n.) A body of followers; -- applied to the lawless or brigand bands in Italy and Sicily.
Cockpit (n.) The Privy Council room at Westminster; -- so called because built on the site of the cockpit of Whitehall palace.
Cohesion (n.) That from of attraction by which the particles of a body are united throughout the mass, whether like or unlike; -- distinguished from adhesion, which unites bodies by their adjacent surfaces.
Coincident (a.) Having coincidence; occupying the same place; contemporaneous; concurrent; -- followed by with.
Colchicine (n.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, C17H19NO5, extracted from the Colchicum autumnale, or meadow saffron, as a white or yellowish amorphous powder, with a harsh, bitter taste; -- called also colchicia.
Colchicum (n.) A genus of bulbous-rooted plants found in many parts of Europe, including the meadow saffron.
Coaltit (n.) A small European titmouse (Parus ater), so named from its black color; -- called also coalmouse and colemouse.
Colloid (n.) A substance (as albumin, gum, gelatin, etc.) which is of a gelatinous rather than a crystalConceive (v. i.) To have a conception, idea, or opinion; think; -- with of.
Conchiform (a.) Shaped like one half of a bivalve shell; shell-shaped.
Conscientious (a.) Influenced by conscience; governed by a strict regard to the dictates of conscience, or by the known or supposed rules of right and wrong; -- said of a person.
Conscientious (a.) Characterized by a regard to conscience; conformed to the dictates of conscience; -- said of actions.
Constituent (n.) One for whom another acts; especially, one who is represented by another in a legislative assembly; -- correlative to representative.
Contribution (n.) That which is contributed; -- either the portion which an individual furnishes to the common stock, or the whole which is formed by the gifts of individuals.
Cornfield (n.) A field where corn is or has been growing; -- in England, a field of wheat, rye, barley, or oats; in America, a field of Indian corn.
Crappie (n.) A kind of fresh-water bass of the genus Pomoxys, found in the rivers of the Southern United States and Mississippi valley. There are several species.
Crastination (n.) Procrastination; a putting off till to-morrow.
Creationism (n.) The doctrine that a soul is specially created for each human being as soon as it is formed in the womb; -- opposed to traducianism.
Cribbing (n.) A vicious habit of a horse; crib-biting. The horse lays hold of the crib or manger with his teeth and draws air into the stomach with a grunting sound.
Cricoid (a.) Resembling a ring; -- said esp. of the cartilage at the larynx, and the adjoining parts.
Crispin (n.) A shoemaker; -- jocularly so called from the patron saint of the craft.
Crocoite (n.) Lead chromate occuring in crystals of a bright hyacinth red color; -- called also red lead ore.
Cryolite (n.) A fluoride of sodium and aluminum, found in Greenland, in white cleavable masses; -- used as a source of soda and alumina.
Cubebic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, cubebs; as, cubebic acid (a soft olive-green resin extracted from cubebs).
Culiciform (a.) Gnat-shaped.
Cultrivorous (a.) Devouring knives; swallowing, or pretending to swallow, knives; -- applied to persons who have swallowed, or have seemed to swallow, knives with impunity.
Cunctipotent (a.) All-powerful; omnipotent.
Cupuliferous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the oak and the chestnut are examples, -- trees bearing a smooth, solid nut inclosed in some kind of cup or bur; bearing, or furnished with, a cupule.
Curtain (n.) A flag; an ensign; -- in contempt.
Dabchick (n.) A small water bird (Podilymbus podiceps), allied to the grebes, remarkable for its quickness in diving; -- called also dapchick, dobchick, dipchick, didapper, dobber, devil-diver, hell-diver, and pied-billed grebe.
Darbyite (n.) One of the Plymouth Brethren, or of a sect among them; -- so called from John N. Darby, one of the leaders of the Brethren.
Daturine (n.) Atropine; -- called also daturia and daturina.
Demotics (n.) The department of knowledge relative to the care and culture of the people; sociology in its broadest sense; -- in library cataloguing.
Decani (a.) Used of the side of the choir on which the dean's stall is placed; decanal; -- correlative to cantoris; as, the decanal, or decani, side.
Deictic (a.) Direct; proving directly; -- applied to reasoning, and opposed to elenchtic or refutative.
Deletitious (a.) Of such a nature that anything may be erased from it; -- said of paper.
Delirious (a.) Having a delirium; wandering in mind; light-headed; insane; raving; wild; as, a delirious patient; delirious fancies.
Delirium (n.) A state in which the thoughts, expressions, and actions are wild, irregular, and incoherent; mental aberration; a roving or wandering of the mind, -- usually dependent on a fever or some other disease, and so distinguished from mania, or madness.
Delphin (n.) A fatty substance contained in the oil of the dolphin and the porpoise; -- called also phocenin.
Deltoid (a.) Shaped like the Greek / (delta); delta-shaped; triangular.
Demerit (n.) That which deserves blame; ill desert; a fault; a vice; misconduct; -- the opposite of merit.
Demerit (n.) To deserve; -- said in reference to both praise and blame.
Demolition (n.) The act of overthrowing, pulling down, or destroying a pile or structure; destruction by violence; utter overthrow; -- opposed to construction; as, the demolition of a house, of military works, of a town, or of hopes.
Denarius (n.) A Roman silver coin of the value of about fourteen cents; the "penny" of the New Testament; -- so called from being worth originally ten of the pieces called as.
Dentoid (a.) Shaped like a tooth; tooth-shaped.
Depositary (n.) One with whom anything is lodged in the trust; one who receives a deposit; -- the correlative of depositor.
Deposition (n.) The act of laying down one's testimony in writing; also, testimony laid or taken down in writing, under oath or affirmation, before some competent officer, and in reply to interrogatories and cross-interrogatories.
Depositor (n.) One who makes a deposit, especially of money in a bank; -- the correlative of depository.
Dereliction (n.) A retiring of the sea, occasioning a change of high-water mark, whereby land is gained.
Derision (n.) An object of derision or scorn; a laughing-stock.
Despair (v. i.) To be hopeless; to have no hope; to give up all hope or expectation; -- often with of.
Despoil (v. t.) To deprive for spoil; to plunder; to rob; to pillage; to strip; to divest; -- usually followed by of.
Dextrin (n.) A translucent, gummy, amorphous substance, nearly tasteless and odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained from starch by the action of heat, acids, or diastase. It is of somewhat variable composition, containing several carbohydrates which change easily to their respective varieties of sugar. It is so named from its rotating the plane of polarization to the right; -- called also British gum, Alsace gum, gommelin, leiocome, etc. See Achroodextrin, and E>
Diacritical (a.) That separates or distinguishes; -- applied to points or marks used to distinguish letters of similar form, or different sounds of the same letter, as, a, /, a, /, /, etc.
Dickcissel (n.) The American black-throated bunting (Spiza Americana).
Didymium (n.) A rare metallic substance usually associated with the metal cerium; -- hence its name. It was formerly supposed to be an element, but has since been found to consist of two simpler elementary substances, neodymium and praseodymium. See Neodymium, and Praseodymium.
Digitiform (a.) Formed like a finger or fingers; finger-shaped; as, a digitiform root.
Digitigrade (a.) Walking on the toes; -- distinguished from plantigrade.
Digitigrade (n.) An animal that walks on its toes, as the cat, lion, wolf, etc.; -- distinguished from a plantigrade, which walks on the palm of the foot.
Diiodide (n.) A compound of a binary type containing two atoms of iodine; -- called also biniodide.
Dilapidate (v. t.) To bring into a condition of decay or partial ruin, by misuse or through neglect; to destroy the fairness and good condition of; -- said of a building.
Diluvial (a.) Effected or produced by a flood or deluge of water; -- said of coarse and imperfectly stratified deposits along ancient or existing water courses. Similar unstratified deposits were formed by the agency of ice. The time of deposition has been called the Diluvian epoch.
Diminish (v. t.) To make smaller in any manner; to reduce in bulk or amount; to lessen; -- opposed to augment or increase.
Dioecious (a.) Having the sexes in two separate individuals; -- applied to plants in which the female flowers occur on one individual and the male flowers on another of the same species, and to animals in which the ovum is produced by one individual and the sperm cell by another; -- opposed to monoecious.
Diploid (n.) A solid bounded by twenty-four similar quadrilateral faces. It is a hemihedral form of the hexoctahedron.
Discoidal (a.) Disk-shaped; discoid.
Disjoint (a.) Disjointed; unconnected; -- opposed to conjoint.
Disseize (v. t.) To deprive of seizin or possession; to dispossess or oust wrongfully (one in freehold possession of land); -- followed by of; as, to disseize a tenant of his freehold.
Disseizee (n.) A person disseized, or put out of possession of an estate unlawfully; -- correlative to disseizor.
Distain (v. t.) To tinge with a different color from the natural or proper one; to stain; to discolor; to sully; to tarnish; to defile; -- used chiefly in poetry.
Dochmius (n.) A foot of five syllables (usually / -- -/ -).
Doeskin (n.) A firm woolen cloth with a smooth, soft surface like a doe's skin; -- made for men's wear.
Dolerite (n.) A dark-colored, basic, igneous rock, composed essentially of pyroxene and a triclinic feldspar with magnetic iron. By many authors it is considered equivalent to a coarse-grained basalt.
Dolerite (n.) Coarse-grained basalt.
Drastic (a.) Acting rapidly and violently; efficacious; powerful; -- opposed to bland; as, drastic purgatives.
Dressing (n.) Manure or compost over land. When it remains on the surface, it is called a top-dressing.
Dressing (n.) Castigation; scolding; -- often with down.
Drumfish (n.) Any fish of the family Sciaenidae, which makes a loud noise by means of its air bladder; -- called also drum.
EcboEclogite (n.) A rock consisting of granular red garnet, light green smaragdite, and common hornblende; -- so called in reference to its beauty.
Effeminacy (n.) Characteristic quality of a woman, such as softness, luxuriousness, delicacy, or weakness, which is unbecoming a man; womanish delicacy or softness; -- used reproachfully of men.
Effeminate (a.) Womanlike; womanly; tender; -- in a good sense.
Egregious (a.) Surpassing; extraordinary; distinguished (in a bad sense); -- formerly used with words importing a good quality, but now joined with words having a bad sense; as, an egregious rascal; an egregious ass; an egregious mistake.
Eightieth (a.) The next in order after seventy-ninth.
Election (a.) Divine choice; predestination of individuals as objects of mercy and salvation; -- one of the "five points" of Calvinism.
Embolic (a.) Pushing or growing in; -- said of a kind of invagination. See under Invagination.
Empirical (a.) Depending upon experience or observation alone, without due regard to science and theory; -- said especially of medical practice, remedies, etc.; wanting in science and deep insight; as, empiric skill, remedies.
Empiristic (a.) Relating to, or resulting from, experience, or experiment; following from empirical methods or data; -- opposed to nativistic.
Enantiomorphous (a.) Similar, but not superposable, i. e., related to each other as a right-handed to a left-handed glove; -- said of certain hemihedral crystals.
Enantiopathy (n.) Allopathy; -- a term used by followers of Hahnemann, or homeopathists.
Enargite (n.) An iron-black mineral of metallic luster, occurring in small orthorhombic crystals, also massive. It contains sulphur, arsenic, copper, and often silver.
Endemic (a.) Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in Australia; -- often distinguished from exotic.
Enduring (a.) Lasting; durable; long-suffering; as, an enduring disposition.
Endysis (n.) The act of developing a new coat of hair, a new set of feathers, scales, etc.; -- opposed to ecdysis.
Entasia (n.) Tonic spasm; -- applied generically to denote any disease characterized by tonic spasms, as tetanus, trismus, etc.
Epideictic (a.) Serving to show forth, explain, or exhibit; -- applied by the Greeks to a kind of oratory, which, by full amplification, seeks to persuade.
Epiotic (n.) The upper and outer element of periotic bone, -- in man forming a part of the temporal bone.
Epozoic (a.) Living upon the exterior of another animal; ectozoic; -- said of external parasites.
Equality (n.) Exact agreement between two expressions or magnitudes with respect to quantity; -- denoted by the symbol =; thus, a = x signifies that a contains the same number and kind of units of measure that x does.
Equidiurnal (a.) Pertaining to the time of equal day and night; -- applied to the equinoctial Erratic (a.) Having no certain course; roving about without a fixed destination; wandering; moving; -- hence, applied to the planets as distinguished from the fixed stars.
Esculic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the horse-chestnut; as, esculic acid.
Esculin (n.) A glucoside obtained from the Aesculus hippocastanum, or horse-chestnut, and characterized by its fine blue fluorescent solutions.
Escurial (n.) A palace and mausoleum of the kinds of Spain, being a vast and wonderful structure about twenty-five miles northwest of Madrid.
Etherin (n.) A white, crystalEuropium (n.) A metallic element of the rare-earth group, discovered spectroscopically by Demarcay in 1896. Symbol, Eu; at. wt., 152.0.
Eugenic (a.) Well-born; of high birth.
Eugenin (n.) A colorless, crystalEulytite (n.) A mineral, consisting chiefly of the silicate of bismuth, found at Freiberg; -- called also culytine.
Euphuism (n.) An affectation of excessive elegance and refinement of language; high-flown diction.
Euphuist (n.) One who affects excessive refinement and elegance of language; -- applied esp. to a class of writers, in the age of Elizabeth, whose productions are marked by affected conceits and high-flown diction.
Exarticulate (a.) Having but one joint; -- said of certain insects.
Exaspidean (a.) Having the anterior scute/ extending around the tarsus on the outer side, leaving the inner side naked; -- said of certain birds.
Exertion (n.) The act of exerting, or putting into motion or action; the active exercise of any power or faculty; an effort, esp. a laborious or perceptible effort; as, an exertion of strength or power; an exertion of the limbs or of the mind; it is an exertion for him to move, to-day.
Exoptile (n.) A name given by Lestiboudois to dicotyledons; -- so called because the plumule is naked.
Expediency (n.) The quality of being expedient or advantageous; fitness or suitableness to effect a purpose intended; adaptedness to self-interest; desirableness; advantage; advisability; -- sometimes contradistinguished from moral rectitude.
Expedient (a.) Hastening or forward; hence, tending to further or promote a proposed object; fit or proper under the circumstances; conducive to self-interest; desirable; advisable; advantageous; -- sometimes contradistinguished from right.
Experientialism (n.) The doctrine that experience, either that ourselves or of others, is the test or criterion of general knowledge; -- opposed to intuitionists.
Experiment (v. t.) To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.
Exterior (a.) External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
Facility (n.) Easiness to be persuaded; readiness or compliance; -- usually in a bad sense; pliancy.
Facility (n.) That which promotes the ease of any action or course of conduct; advantage; aid; assistance; -- usually in the plural; as, special facilities for study.
Falchion (n.) A broad-bladed sword, slightly curved, shorter and lighter than the ordinary sword; -- used in the Middle Ages.
Fallfish (n.) A fresh-water fish of the United States (Semotilus bullaris); -- called also silver chub, and Shiner. The name is also applied to other allied species.
Faradic (a.) Of or pertaining to Michael Faraday, the distinguished electrician; -- applied especially to induced currents of electricity, as produced by certain forms of inductive apparatus, on account of Faraday's investigations of their laws.
Favorite (n.) Short curls dangling over the temples; -- fashionable in the reign of Charles II.
Feminine (a.) Having the qualities of a woman; becoming or appropriate to the female sex; as, in a good sense, modest, graceful, affectionate, confiding; or, in a bad sense, weak, nerveless, timid, pleasure-loving, effeminate.
FiguFiguFigurine (n.) A very small figure, whether human or of an animal; especially, one in terra cotta or the like; -- distinguished from statuette, which is applied to small figures in bronze, marble, etc.
Filefish (n.) Any plectognath fish of the genera Monacanthus, Alutera, balistes, and allied genera; -- so called on account of the roughly granulated skin, which is sometimes used in place of sandpaper.
Fimbriated (a.) Having a very narrow border of another tincture; -- said esp. of an ordinary or subordinary.
Fisetin (n.) A yellow crystalFixation (n.) The act of uniting chemically with a solid substance or in a solid form; reduction to a non-volatile condition; -- said of gaseous elements.
Fixation (n.) A state of resistance to evaporation or volatilization by heat; -- said of metals.
Floating (n.) The process of rendering oysters and scallops plump by placing them in fresh or brackish water; -- called also fattening, plumping, and laying out.
Flashing (n.) The creation of an artifical flood by the sudden letting in of a body of water; -- called also flushing.
Fleshings (n. pl.) Flesh-colored tights, worn by actors dancers.
Floating (n.) The second coat of three-coat plastering.
Floccillation (n.) A delirious picking of bedclothes by a sick person, as if to pick off flocks of wool; carphology; -- an alarming symptom in acute diseases.
Fluavil (n.) A hydrocarbon extracted from gutta-percha, as a yellow, resinous substance; -- called also fluanil.
Fluinity (n.) The quality of being fluid or capable of flowing; a liquid, aeriform. or gaseous state; -- opposed to solidity.
Fluorine (n.) A non-metallic, gaseous element, strongly acid or negative, or associated with chlorine, bromine, and iodine, in the halogen group of which it is the first member. It always occurs combined, is very active chemically, and possesses such an avidity for most elements, and silicon especially, that it can neither be prepared nor kept in glass vessels. If set free it immediately attacks the containing material, so that it was not isolated until 1886. It is a pungent, corrosive, colorl>
Fluosilicate (n.) A double fluoride of silicon and some other (usually basic) element or radical, regarded as a salt of fluosilicic acid; -- called also silicofluoride.
Flushing (n.) A heavy, coarse cloth manufactured from shoddy; -- commonly in the /
Footfight (n.) A conflict by persons on foot; -- distinguished from a fight on horseback.
Forewit (n.) A leader, or would-be leader, in matters of knowledge or taste.
Forfeit (n.) Something deposited and redeemable by a sportive fine; -- whence the game of forfeits.
Forfeit (n.) To lose, or lose the right to, by some error, fault, offense, or crime; to render one's self by misdeed liable to be deprived of; to alienate the right to possess, by some neglect or crime; as, to forfeit an estate by treason; to forfeit reputation by a breach of promise; -- with to before the one acquiring what is forfeited.
Fraction (v. t.) To separate by means of, or to subject to, fractional distillation or crystallization; to fractionate; -- frequently used with out; as, to fraction out a certain grade of oil from pretroleum.
Frogbit (n.) A European plant (Hydrocharis Morsus-ranae), floating on still water and propagating itself by runners. It has roundish leaves and small white flowers.
Frogfish (n.) An oceanic fish of the genus Antennarius or Pterophrynoides; -- called also mousefish and toadfish.
Frontier (v. i.) To constitute or form a frontier; to have a frontier; -- with on.
Fructidor (n.) The twelfth month of the French republican calendar; -- commencing August 18, and ending September 16. See Vendemiaire.
Frumpish (a.) Cross-tempered; scornful.
Frumpish (a.) Old-fashioned, as a woman's dress.
Fuchsia (n.) A genus of flowering plants having elegant drooping flowers, with four sepals, four petals, eight stamens, and a single pistil. They are natives of Mexico and South America. Double-flowered varieties are now common in cultivation.
Fuchsine (n.) AniFugacious (a.) Fleeting; lasting but a short time; -- applied particularly to organs or parts which are short-lived as compared with the life of the individual.
Fugitive (a.) Not fixed; not durable; liable to disappear or fall away; volatile; uncertain; evanescent; liable to fade; -- applied to material and immaterial things; as, fugitive colors; a fugitive idea.
Futurism (n.) A movement or phase of post-impressionism (which see, below).
Galatian (a.) Of or pertaining to Galatia or its inhabitants. -- A native or inhabitant of Galatia, in Asia Minor; a descendant of the Gauls who settled in Asia Minor.
Galician (n.) A native of Galicia in Spain; -- called also Gallegan.
GantGelatine (n.) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.), a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's-foot jelly, isinglass, >
Geusdism (n.) The Marxian socialism and programme of reform through revolution as advocated by the French political leader Jules Basile Guesde (pron. g/d) (1845- ).
Generical (a.) Very comprehensive; pertaining or appropriate to large classes or their characteristics; -- opposed to specific.
Genesis (n.) The first book of the Old Testament; -- so called by the Greek translators, from its containing the history of the creation of the world and of the human race.
Geranine (n.) A valuable astringent obtained from the root of the Geranium maculatum or crane's-bill.
Geranine (n.) A liquid terpene, obtained from the crane's-bill (Geranium maculatum), and having a peculiar mulberry odor.
Geranium (n.) A genus of plants having a beaklike tours or receptacle, around which the seed capsules are arranged, and membranous projections, or stipules, at the joints. Most of the species have showy flowers and a pungent odor. Called sometimes crane's-bill.
Glairin (n.) A glairy viscous substance, which forms on the surface of certain mineral waters, or covers the sides of their inclosures; -- called also baregin.
Glassite (n.) A member of a Scottish sect, founded in the 18th century by John Glass, a minister of the Established Church of Scotland, who taught that justifying faith is "no more than a simple assent to the divine testimone passively recived by the understanding." The English and American adherents of this faith are called Sandemanians, after Robert Sandeman, the son-in-law and disciple of Glass.
Glaucic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Glaucium or horned poppy; -- formerly applied to an acid derived from it, now known to be fumaric acid.
Glenoid (a.) Having the form of a smooth and shallow depression; socketlike; -- applied to several articular surfaces of bone; as, the glenoid cavity, or fossa, of the scapula, in which the head of the humerus articulates.
Glonoine (n.) Same as Nitroglycerin; -- called also oil of glonoin.
Gnathidium (n.) The ramus of the lower jaw of a bird as far as it is naked; -- commonly used in the plural.
Gnostic (n.) One of the so-called philosophers in the first ages of Christianity, who claimed a true philosophical interpretation of the Christian religion. Their system combined Oriental theology and Greek philosophy with the doctrines of Christianity. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual, and material, are derived from the Deity by successive emanations, which they called Eons.
Gobelin (a.) Pertaining to tapestry produced in the so-called Gobelin works, which have been maintained by the French Government since 1667.
Goldfinch (n.) A beautiful bright-colored European finch (Carduelis elegans). The name refers to the large patch of yellow on the wings. The front of the head and throat are bright red; the nape, with part of the wings and tail, black; -- called also goldspink, goldie, fool's coat, drawbird, draw-water, thistle finch, and sweet William.
Goldfinch (n.) The yellow-hammer.
Goldfinny (n.) One of two or more species of European labroid fishes (Crenilabrus melops, and Ctenolabrus rupestris); -- called also goldsinny, and goldney.
Goldfish (n.) A small domesticated cyprinoid fish (Carassius auratus); -- so named from its color. It is native of China, and is said to have been introduced into Europe in 1691. It is often kept as an ornament, in small ponds or glass globes. Many varieties are known. Called also golden fish, and golden carp. See Telescope fish, under Telescope.
Graining (n.) A small European fresh-water fish (Leuciscus vulgaris); - called also dobule, and dace.
Grandiloquence (n.) The use of lofty words or phrases; bombast; -- usually in a bad sense.
Grandiose (a.) Impressive or elevating in effect; imposing; splendid; striking; -- in a good sense.
Grandiose (a.) Characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor; flaunting; turgid; bombastic; -- in a bad sense; as, a grandiose style.
Grayling (a.) A European fish (Thymallus vulgaris), allied to the trout, but having a very broad dorsal fin; -- called also umber. It inhabits cold mountain streams, and is valued as a game fish.
Greening (n.) A greenish apple, of several varieties, among which the Rhode Island greening is the best known for its fine-grained acid flesh and its excellent keeping quality.
Griffin (n.) An Anglo-Indian name for a person just arrived from Europe.
Grisaille (n.) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; -- used in English especially for painted glass.
Graffito (n.) Production of decorative designs by scratching them through a surface of layer plaster, glazing, etc., revealing a different-colored ground; also, pottery or ware so decorated; -- chiefly used attributively.
Hairpin (n.) A pin, usually forked, or of bent wire, for fastening the hair in place, -- used by women.
Halesia (n.) A genus of American shrubs containing several species, called snowdrop trees, or silver-bell trees. They have showy, white flowers, drooping on slender pedicels.
Hangbird (n.) The Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula); -- so called because its nest is suspended from the limb of a tree. See Baltimore oriole.
Harpsichord (n.) A harp-shaped instrument of music set horizontally on legs, like the grand piano, with strings of wire, played by the fingers, by means of keys provided with quills, instead of hammers, for striking the strings. It is now superseded by the piano.
Hatching (n.) A mode of execution in engraving, drawing, and miniature painting, in which shading is produced by Hautein (a.) High; -- said of the voice or flight of birds.
Hawkbill (n.) A sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), which yields the best quality of tortoise shell; -- called also caret.
Hederiferous (a.) Producing ivy; ivy-bearing.
Hegelism (n.) The system of logic and philosophy set forth by Hegel, a German writer (1770-1831).
Helicine (a.) Curled; spiral; helicoid; -- applied esp. to certain arteries of the penis.
Hematite (n.) An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because of the red color of the powder. It occurs in splendent rhombohedral crystals, and in massive and earthy forms; -- the last called red ocher. Called also specular iron, oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore, and bloodstone. See Brown hematite, under Brown.
Hepatica (n.) Any plant, usually procumbent and mosslike, of the cryptogamous class Hepaticae; -- called also scale moss and liverwort. See Hepaticae, in the Supplement.
Hexacid (a.) Having six atoms or radicals capable of being replaced by acids; hexatomic; hexavalent; -- said of bases; as, mannite is a hexacid base.
Hirudinea (n. pl.) An order of Annelida, including the leeches; -- called also Hirudinei.
Histrionical (a.) Of or relating to the stage or a stageplayer; befitting a theatre; theatrical; -- sometimes in a bad sense.
Hobnail (n.) A short, sharp-pointed, large-headed nail, -- used in shoeing houses and for studding the soles of heavy shoes.
Hornbill (n.) Any bird of the family Bucerotidae, of which about sixty species are known, belonging to numerous genera. They inhabit the tropical parts of Asia, Africa, and the East Indies, and are remarkable for having a more or less horn-like protuberance, which is usually large and hollow and is situated on the upper side of the beak. The size of the hornbill varies from that of a pigeon to that of a raven, or even larger. They feed chiefly upon fruit, but some species eat dead animals.
Humanity (n.) The branches of polite or elegant learning; as language, rhetoric, poetry, and the ancient classics; belles-letters.
Humidity (n.) Moisture; dampness; a moderate degree of wetness, which is perceptible to the eye or touch; -- used especially of the atmosphere, or of anything which has absorbed moisture from the atmosphere, as clothing.
Humility (n.) The state or quality of being humble; freedom from pride and arrogance; lowHymenium (n.) The spore-bearing surface of certain fungi, as that on the gills of a mushroom.
Hypericum (n.) A genus of plants, generally with dotted leaves and yellow flowers; -- called also St. John's-wort.
Hypidiomorphic (a.) Partly idiomorphic; -- said of rock a portion only of whose constituents have a distinct crystalHystricomorphous (a.) Like, or allied to, the porcupines; -- said of a group (Hystricomorpha) of rodents.
Ianthina (n.) Any gastropod of the genus Ianthina, of which various species are found living in mid ocean; -- called also purple shell, and violet snail.
Ibsenism (n.) The dramatic practice or purpose characteristic of the writings of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian poet and dramatist, whose best-known plays deal with conventional hypocrisies, the story in each play thus developing a definite moral problem.
Idealism (n.) The practice or habit of giving or attributing ideal form or character to things; treatment of things in art or literature according to ideal standards or patterns; -- opposed to realism.
Identical (a.) In diplomacy (esp. in the form identic), precisely agreeing in sentiment or opinion and form or manner of expression; -- applied to concerted action or language which is used by two or more governments in treating with another government.
Identism (n.) The doctrine taught by Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are identical in the Absolute; -- called also the system / doctrine of identity.
Illicium (n.) A genus of Asiatic and American magnoliaceous trees, having star-shaped fruit; star anise. The fruit of Illicium anisatum is used as a spice in India, and its oil is largely used in Europe for flavoring cordials, being almost identical with true oil of anise. Illuminati (v. t.) Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal doctrine was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so perfect a state as to have no need of o
Illuminati (v. t.) Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal doctrine was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so perfect a state as to have no need of ordinances, sacraments, good works, etc.; -- called also Alumbrados, Perfectibilists, etc.
Imbecile (a.) Destitute of strength, whether of body or mind; feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as, hospitals for the imbecile and insane.
Imbibition (n.) The act or process of imbibing, or absorbing; as, the post-mortem imbibition of poisons.
Immediately (adv.) In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to mediately; as, immediately contiguous.
Impatiens (n.) A genus of plants, several species of which have very beautiful flowers; -- so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force. Called also touch-me-not, jewelweed, and snapweed. I. Balsamina (sometimes called lady's slipper) is the common garden balsam.
Impatient (a.) Not patient; not bearing with composure; intolerant; uneasy; fretful; restless, because of pain, delay, or opposition; eager for change, or for something expected; hasty; passionate; -- often followed by at, for, of, and under.
Imperial (n.) The tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and chin; -- so called from the style of beard of Napoleon III.
Inpatient (n.) A patient who receives lodging and food, as well as treatment, in a hospital or an infirmary; -- distinguished from outpatient.
Inactive (a.) Not active; inert; esp., not exhibiting any action or activity on polarized light; optically neutral; -- said of isomeric forms of certain substances, in distinction from other forms which are optically active; as, racemic acid is an inactive tartaric acid.
Inarticulate (a.) Without a hinge; -- said of an order (Inarticulata or Ecardines) of brachiopods.
Indefinite (a.) Too numerous or variable to make a particular enumeration important; -- said of the parts of a flower, and the like. Also, indeterminate.
Individualism (n.) An excessive or exclusive regard to one's personal interest; self-interest; selfishness.
InduIndutive (a.) Covered; -- applied to seeds which have the usual integumentary covering.
Inequilateral (a.) Having unequal sides; unsymmetrical; unequal-sided.
Inertia (n.) That property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same straight Inertia (n.) Want of activity; sluggishness; -- said especially of the uterus, when, in labor, its contractions have nearly or wholly ceased.
Inferior (a.) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
Infinite (a.) Without limit in power, capacity, knowledge, or excellence; boundless; immeasurably or inconceivably great; perfect; as, the infinite wisdom and goodness of God; -- opposed to finite.
Infinite (a.) Greater than any assignable quantity of the same kind; -- said of certain quantities.
Infinite (a.) Capable of endless repetition; -- said of certain forms of the canon, called also perpetual fugues, so constructed that their ends lead to their beginnings, and the performance may be incessantly repeated.
Infusionism (n.) The doctrine that the soul is preexistent to the body, and is infused into it at conception or birth; -- opposed to tradicianism and creationism.
Inhabile (a.) Unskilled; unready; awkward; incompetent; unqualified; -- said of person.
Inofficious (a.) Regardless of natural obligation; contrary to natural duty; unkind; -- commonly said of a testament made without regard to natural obligation, or by which a child is unjustly deprived of inheritance.
Inofficiously (adv.) Not-officiously.
Inscribable (a.) Capable of being inscribed, -- used specif. (Math.) of solids or plane figures capable of being inscribed in other solids or figures.
Insidious (a.) Lying in wait; watching an opportunity to insnare or entrap; deceitful; sly; treacherous; -- said of persons; as, the insidious foe.
Interior (a.) Being within any limits, inclosure, or substance; inside; internal; inner; -- opposed to exterior, or superficial; as, the interior apartments of a house; the interior surface of a hollow ball.
Invisible (n.) A Rosicrucian; -- so called because avoiding declaration of his craft.
Ironsides (n. /) A cuirassier or cuirassiers; also, hardy veteran soldiers; -- applied specifically to Cromwell's cavalry.
Irrational (a.) Not capable of being exactly expressed by an integral number, or by a vulgar fraction; surd; -- said especially of roots. See Surd.
Isorcin (n.) A crystalJacobin (n.) A Dominican friar; -- so named because, before the French Revolution, that order had a convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris.
Jacobin (n.) A fancy pigeon, in which the feathers of the neck form a hood, -- whence the name. The wings and tail are long, and the beak moderately short.
Jarosite (n.) An ocher-yellow mineral occurring on minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.
Jehovist (n.) One who maintains that the vowel points of the word Jehovah, in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; -- opposed to adonist.
Jehovistic (a.) Relating to, or containing, Jehovah, as a name of God; -- said of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Pentateuch, in which Jehovah appears as the name of the Deity. See Elohistic.
Jeremiade (n.) A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; a dolorous tirade; -- generally used satirically.
Jonquille (n.) A bulbous plant of the genus Narcissus (N. Jonquilla), allied to the daffodil. It has long, rushlike leaves, and yellow or white fragrant flowers. The root has emetic properties. It is sometimes called the rush-leaved daffodil. See Illust. of Corona.
Juvenile (n.) A young person or youth; -- used sportively or familiarly.
Kalasie (n.) A long-tailed monkey of Borneo (Semnopithecus rubicundus). It has a tuft of long hair on the head.
Katydid (n.) A large, green, arboreal, orthopterous insect (Cyrtophyllus concavus) of the family Locustidae, common in the United States. The males have stridulating organs at the bases of the front wings. During the summer and autumn, in the evening, the males make a peculiar, loud, shrill sound, resembling the combination Katy-did, whence the name.
Kerchief (n.) A square of fine Kingfish (n.) An American marine food fish of the genus Menticirrus, especially M. saxatilis, or M. nebulosos, of the Atlantic coast; -- called also whiting, surf whiting, and barb.
Kinglihood (n.) King-Kiwikiwi (n.) Any species of Apteryx, esp. A. australis; -- so called in imitation of its notes. Called also kiwi. See Apteryx.
Ladybird (n.) Any one of numerous species of small beetles of the genus Coccinella and allied genera (family Coccinellidae); -- called also ladybug, ladyclock, lady cow, lady fly, and lady beetle. Coccinella seplempunctata in one of the common European species. See Coccinella.
Ladyfish (n.) A large, handsome oceanic fish (Albula vulpes), found both in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonefish, grubber, French mullet, and macabe.
Ladylike (a.) Like a lady in appearance or manners; well-bred.
Lageniform (a.) Shaped like a bottle or flask; flag-shaped.
Latching (n.) A loop or eye formed on the head rope of a bonnet, by which it is attached to the foot of a sail; -- called also latch and lasket.
Laterite (n.) An argillaceous sandstone, of a red color, and much seamed; -- found in India.
Laticiferous (a.) Containing the latex; -- applied to the tissue or tubular vessels in which the latex of the plant is found.
Lav/sium (n.) A supposed new metallic element. It is said to have been discovered in pyrites, and some other minerals, and to be of a silver-white color, and malleable.
Laxative (a.) Having the effect of loosening or opening the intestines, and relieving from constipation; -- opposed to astringent.
Lazuli (n.) A mineral of a fine azure-blue color, usually in small rounded masses. It is essentially a silicate of alumina, lime, and soda, with some sodium sulphide, is often marked by yellow spots or veins of sulphide of iron, and is much valued for ornamental work. Called also lapis lazuli, and Armenian stone.
Lazulite (n.) A mineral of a light indigo-blue color, occurring in small masses, or in monoclinic crystals; blue spar. It is a hydrous phosphate of alumina and magnesia.
Lambkill (n.) A small American ericaceous shrub (Kalmia angustifolia); -- called also calfkill, sheepkill, sheep laurel, etc. It is supposed to poison sheep and other animals that eat it at times when the snow is deep and they cannot find other food.
Leadhillite (n.) A mineral of a yellowish or greenish white color, consisting of the sulphate and carbonate of lead; -- so called from having been first found at Leadhills, Scotland.
Legumin (n.) An albuminous substance resembling casein, found as a characteristic ingredient of the seeds of leguminous and grain-bearing plants.
Lentoid (a.) Having the form of a lens; lens-shaped.
Levulinic (a.) Pertaining to, or denoting, an acid (called also acetyl-propionic acid), C5H8O3, obtained by the action of dilute acids on various sugars (as levulose).
Liguliflorous (a.) Bearing only ligulate flowers; -- said of a large suborder of composite plants, such as the dandelion, lettuce, hawkweed, etc.
Limoniad (n.) A nymph of the meadows; -- called also Limniad.
Linguiform (a.) Having the form of the tongue; tongue-shaped.
Limerick (n.) A nonsense poem of five anapestic Loculicidal (a.) Dehiscent through the middle of the back of each cell; -- said of capsules.
Loellingite (n.) A tin-white arsenide of iron, isomorphous with arsenopyrite.
Logarithm (n.) One of a class of auxiliary numbers, devised by John Napier, of Merchiston, Scotland (1550-1617), to abridge arithmetical calculations, by the use of addition and subtraction in place of multiplication and division.
Lumpfish (n.) A large, thick, clumsy, marine fish (Cyclopterus lumpus) of Europe and America. The color is usually translucent sea green, sometimes purplish. It has a dorsal row of spiny tubercles, and three rows on each side, but has no scales. The ventral fins unite and form a ventral sucker for adhesion to stones and seaweeds. Called also lumpsucker, cock-paddle, sea owl.
Lungfish (n.) Any fish belonging to the Dipnoi; -- so called because they have both lungs and gills.
Lygodium (n.) A genus of ferns with twining or climbing fronds, bearing stalked and variously-lobed divisions in pairs.
Marinism (n.) A bombastic literary style marked by the use of metaphors and antitheses characteristic of the Italian poet Giambattista Marini (1569-1625).
Machairodus (n.) A genus of extinct mammals allied to the cats, and having in the upper jaw canine teeth of remarkable size and strength; -- hence called saber-toothed tigers.
Malediction (n.) A proclaiming of evil against some one; a cursing; imprecation; a curse or execration; -- opposed to benediction.
Manakin (n.) Any one of numerous small birds belonging to Pipra, Manacus, and other genera of the family Pipridae. They are mostly natives of Central and South America. some are bright-colored, and others have the wings and tail curiously ornamented. The name is sometimes applied to related birds of other families.
Manikin (n.) A model of the human body, made of papier-mache or other material, commonly in detachable pieces, for exhibiting the different parts and organs, their relative position, etc.
Mantling (n.) The representation of a mantle, or the drapery behind and around a coat of arms: -- called also lambrequin.
Marbrinus (n.) A cloth woven so as to imitate the appearance of marble; -- much used in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Marseilles (n.) A general term for certain kinds of fabrics, which are formed of two series of threads interlacing each other, thus forming double cloth, quilted in the loom; -- so named because first made in Marseilles, France.
Mastoid (a.) Resembling the nipple or the breast; -- applied specifically to a process of the temporal bone behind the ear.
Materialize (v. t.) To make visable in, or as in, a material form; -- said of spirits.
Maverick (n.) In the southwestern part of the united States, a bullock or heifer that has not been branded, and is unclaimed or wild; -- said to be from Maverick, the name of a cattle owner in Texas who neglected to brand his cattle.
Mazarine (a.) Of or pertaining to Cardinal Mazarin, prime minister of France, 1643-1661.
Melamine (n.) A strong nitrogenous base, C3H6N6, produced from several cyanogen compounds, and obtained as a white crystalMelanian (n.) One of a family of fresh-water pectinibranchiate mollusks, having a turret-shaped shell.
Melanic (a.) Of or pertaining to the black-haired races.
MelaniMelanin (n.) A black pigment found in the pigment-bearing cells of the skin (particularly in the skin of the negro), in the epithelial cells of the external layer of the retina (then called fuscin), in the outer layer of the choroid, and elsewhere. It is supposed to be derived from the decomposition of hemoglobin.
Melanism (n.) An undue development of dark-colored pigment in the skin or its appendages; -- the opposite of albinism.
Melenite (n.) An explosive of great destructive power; -- so called from its color, which resembles honey.
Memorial (n.) A written representation of facts, addressed to the government, or to some branch of it, or to a society, etc., -- often accompanied with a petition.
Meropidan (n.) One of a family of birds (Meropidae), including the bee-eaters.
Mesprise (n.) Misadventure; ill-success.
Mesquit (n.) A name for two trees of the southwestern part of North America, the honey mesquite, and screw-pod mesquite.
Metadiscoidal (a.) Discoidal by derivation; -- applied especially to the placenta of man and apes, because it is supposed to have been derived from a diffused placenta.
Mitotic (a.) Of or pertaining to mitosis; karyokinetic; as, mitotic cell division; -- opposed to amitotic.
Middlings (n. pl.) A combination of the coarser parts of ground wheat the finest bran, separated from the fine flour and coarse bran in bolting; -- formerly regarded as valuable only for feed; but now, after separation of the bran, used for making the best quality of flour. Middlings contain a large proportion of gluten.
Middlings (n. pl.) In the southern and western parts of the United States, the portion of the hog between the ham and the shoulder; bacon; -- called also middles.
Midshipman (n.) Formerly, a kind of naval cadet, in a ship of war, whose business was to carry orders, messages, reports, etc., between the officers of the quarter-deck and those of the forecastle, and render other services as required.
Midships (adv.) In the middle of a ship; -- properly amidships.
Mightiness (n.) Highness; excellency; -- with a possessive pronoun, a title of dignity; as, their high mightinesses.
Milreis (n.) A Portuguese money of account rated in the treasury department of the United States at one dollar and eight cents; also, a Brazilian money of account rated at fifty-four cents and six mills.
Mimetical () Characterized by mimicry; -- applied to animals and plants; as, mimetic species; mimetic organisms. See Mimicry.
Minority (a. & n.) The smaller number; -- opposed to majority; as, the minority must be ruled by the majority.
Minutia (n.) A minute particular; a small or minor detail; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Mirabilis (n.) A genus of plants. See Four-o'clock.
Mischievous (a.) Causing mischief; harmful; hurtful; -- now often applied where the evil is done carelessly or in sport; as, a mischievous child.
Misericordia (n.) A thin-bladed dagger; so called, in the Middle Ages, because used to give the death wound or "mercy" stroke to a fallen adversary.
Mithridate (n.) An antidote against poison, or a composition in form of an electuary, supposed to serve either as a remedy or a preservative against poison; an alexipharmic; -- so called from King Mithridates, its reputed inventor.
Mitrailleuse (n.) A breech-loading machine gun consisting of a number of barrels fitted together, so arranged that the barrels can be fired simultaneously, or successively, and rapidly.
Monacid (a.) Having one hydrogen atom replaceable by a negative or acid atom or radical; capable of neutralizing a monobasic acid; -- said of bases, and of certain metals.
Monazite (n.) A mineral occurring usually in small isolated crystals, -- a phosphate of the cerium metals.
Monodical (a.) Homophonic; -- applied to music in which the melody is confined to one part, instead of being shared by all the parts as in the style called polyphonic.
Monseigneur (n.) My lord; -- a title in France of a person of high birth or rank; as, Monseigneur the Prince, or Monseigneur the Archibishop. It was given, specifically, to the dauphin, before the Revolution of 1789. (Abbrev. Mgr.)
Monteith (n.) A vessel in which glasses are washed; -- so called from the name of the inventor.
Moonfish (n.) An American marine fish (Vomer setipennis); -- called also bluntnosed shiner, horsefish, and sunfish.
Moonfish (n.) A broad, thin, silvery marine fish (Selene vomer); -- called also lookdown, and silver moonfish.
Moralist (n.) One who practices moral duties; a person who lives in conformity with moral rules; one of correct deportment and dealings with his fellow-creatures; -- sometimes used in contradistinction to one whose life is controlled by religious motives.
Moravian (n.) One of a religious sect called the United Brethren (an offshoot of the Hussites in Bohemia), which formed a separate church of Moravia, a northern district of Austria, about the middle of the 15th century. After being nearly extirpated by persecution, the society, under the name of The Renewed Church of the United Brethren, was reestablished in 1722-35 on the estates of Count Zinzendorf in Saxony. Called also Herrnhuter.
Morphine (n.) A bitter white crystalMotorial (n.) Causing or setting up motion; pertaining to organs of motion; -- applied especially in physiology to those nerves or nerve fibers which only convey impressions from a nerve center to muscles, thereby causing motion.
Monteith (n.) A kind of cotton handkerchief having a uniform colored ground with a regular pattern of white spots produced by discharging the color; -- so called from the Glasgow manufactures.
Motorize (v. t.) To substitute motor-driven vehicles, or automobiles, for the horses and horse-drawn vehicles of (a fire department, city, etc.).
Mutation (n.) As now employed (first by de Vries), a sudden variation (the offspring differing from its parents in some well-marked character or characters) as distinguished from a gradual variations in which the new characters become fully developed only in the course of many generations. The occurrence of mutations, and the hereditary transmission, under some conditions, of the characters so appearing, are well-established facts; whether the process has played an important part in the evolut>
Mucedin (n.) A yellowish white, amorphous, nitrogenous substance found in wheat, rye, etc., and resembling gluten; -- formerly called also mucin.
Murexide (n.) A crystalMurrhine (a.) Made of the stone or material called by the Romans murrha; -- applied to certain costly vases of great beauty and delicacy used by the luxurious in Rome as wine cups; as, murrhine vases, cups, vessels.
Mustaiba (n.) A close-grained, neavy wood of a brownish color, brought from Brazil, and used in turning, for making the handles of tools, and the like.
Mycelium (n.) The white threads or filamentous growth from which a mushroom or fungus is developed; the so-called mushroom spawn.
Myoepithelial (a.) Derived from epithelial cells and destined to become a part of the muscular system; -- applied to structural elements in certain embryonic forms.
Myricin (n.) A silky, crystalMyronic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, mustard; -- used specifically to designate a glucoside called myronic acid, found in mustard seed.
Negation (adv.) The act of denying; assertion of the nonreality or untruthfulness of anything; declaration that something is not, or has not been, or will not be; denial; -- the opposite of affirmation.
Negative (a.) Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to affirmative.
Negative (a.) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; -- contracted with positive or basic; as, the nitro group is negative.
Negatively (adv.) In the form of speech implying the absence of something; -- opposed to positively.
Neozoic (a.) More recent than the Paleozoic, -- that is, including the Mesozoic and Cenozoic.
Neocriticism (n.) The form of Neo-Kantianism developed by French idealists, following C. Renouvier. It rejects the noumena of Kant, restricting knowledge to phenomena as constituted by a priori categories.
Nonunion (a.) Not recognizing or favoring trades unions or trades-unionists; as, a nonunion contractor.
Nicotiana (n.) A genus of American and Asiatic solanaceous herbs, with viscid foliage and funnel-shaped blossoms. Several species yield tobacco. See Tobacco.
Nicotinic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, nicotine; nicotic; -- used specifically to designate an acid related to pyridine, obtained by the oxidation of nicotine, and called nicotinic acid.
Ninetieth (a.) Next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Ninetieth (n.) The next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Noctuid (n.) Any one of numerous moths of the family Noctuidae, or Noctuaelitae, as the cutworm moths, and armyworm moths; -- so called because they fly at night.
Nolition (n.) Adverse action of will; unwillingness; -- opposed to volition.
Nombril (n.) A point halfway between the fess point and the middle base point of an escutcheon; -- called also navel point. See Escutcheon.
Nonacid (a.) Destitute of acid properties; hence, basic; metallic; positive; -- said of certain atoms and radicals.
Nonuniformist (n.) One who believes that past changes in the structure of the earth have proceeded from cataclysms or causes more violent than are now operating; -- called also nonuniformitarian.
Northing (n.) Distance northward from any point of departure or of reckoning, measured on a meridian; -- opposed to southing.
Notoriety (n.) The quality or condition of being notorious; the state of being generally or publicly known; -- commonly used in an unfavorable sense; as, the notoriety of a crime.
Notorious (a.) Generally known and talked of by the public; universally believed to be true; manifest to the world; evident; -- usually in an unfavorable sense; as, a notorious thief; a notorious crime or vice.
Numeric (n.) Any number, proper or improper fraction, or incommensurable ratio. The term also includes any imaginary expression like m + n?-1, where m and n are real numerics.
Obnoxious (a.) Subject; liable; exposed; answerable; amenable; -- with to.
Occasion (n.) An occurrence or condition of affairs which brings with it some unlooked-for event; that which incidentally brings to pass an event, without being its efficient cause or sufficient reason; accidental or incidental cause.
Occasionalism (n.) The system of occasional causes; -- a name given to certain theories of the Cartesian school of philosophers, as to the intervention of the First Cause, by which they account for the apparent reciprocal action of the soul and the body.
Oceanic (a.) Of or pertaining to the ocean; found or formed in or about, or produced by, the ocean; frequenting the ocean, especially mid-ocean.
Officialism (n.) The state of being official; a system of official government; also, adherence to office routine; red-tapism.
Officinal (a.) Kept in stock by apothecaries; -- said of such drugs and medicines as may be obtained without special preparation or compounding; not magistral.
Omnific (a.) All-creating.
Opposite (a.) Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front; facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange.
Opposition (n.) The situation of a heavenly body with respect to another when in the part of the heavens directly opposite to it; especially, the position of a planet or satellite when its longitude differs from that of the sun 180?; -- signified by the symbol /; as, / / /, opposition of Jupiter to the sun.
Optimism (n.) A disposition to take the most hopeful view; -- opposed to pessimism.
Optimist (n.) One who looks on the bright side of things, or takes hopeful views; -- opposed to pessimist.
Orangite () An orange-yellow variety of the mineral thorite, found in Norway.
Organic (a.) Pertaining to, or denoting, any one of the large series of substances which, in nature or origin, are connected with vital processes, and include many substances of artificial production which may or may not occur in animals or plants; -- contrasted with inorganic.
Organize (v. t.) To furnish with organs; to give an organic structure to; to endow with capacity for the functions of life; as, an organized being; organized matter; -- in this sense used chiefly in the past participle.
Organize (v. t.) To arrange or constitute in parts, each having a special function, act, office, or relation; to systematize; to get into working order; -- applied to products of the human intellect, or to human institutions and undertakings, as a science, a government, an army, a war, etc.
Ortalidian (n.) Any one of numerous small two-winged flies of the family Ortalidae. The larvae of many of these flies live in fruit; those of others produce galls on various plants.
Ossified (a.) Changed to bone or something resembling bone; hardened by deposits of mineral matter of any kind; -- said of tissues.
Outskirt (n.) A part remote from the center; outer edge; border; -- usually in the plural; as, the outskirts of a town.
Ovenbird (n.) Any species of the genus Furnarius, allied to the creepers. They inhabit South America and the West Indies, and construct curious oven-shaped nests.
Ovenbird (n.) In the United States, Seiurus aurocapillus; -- called also golden-crowned thrush.
Ovenbird (n.) In England, sometimes applied to the willow warbler, and to the long-tailed titmouse.
Overrighteous (a.) Excessively righteous; -- usually implying hypocrisy.
Oxyacid (n.) An acid containing oxygen, as chloric acid or sulphuric acid; -- contrasted with the hydracids, which contain no oxygen, as hydrochloric acid. See Acid, and Hydroxy-.
Oxyntic (a.) Acid; producing acid; -applied especially to certain glands and cells in the stomach.
OxyquinoPacifico (n.) A peaceful person; -- applied specif. by the Spaniards to the natives in Cuba and the Philippine Islands who did not oppose the Spanish arms.
Pagodite (n.) Agalmatolite; -- so called because sometimes carved by the Chinese into the form of pagodas. See Agalmatolite.
Paladin (n.) A knight-errant; a distinguished champion; as, the paladins of Charlemagne.
Paludicole (a.) Marsh-inhabiting; belonging to the Paludicolae
Parasite (n.) One who frequents the tables of the rich, or who lives at another's expense, and earns his welcome by flattery; a hanger-on; a toady; a sycophant.
Parasite (n.) A plant obtaining nourishment immediately from other plants to which it attaches itself, and whose juices it absorbs; -- sometimes, but erroneously, called epiphyte.
Parotid (a.) Situated near the ear; -- applied especially to the salivary gland near the ear.
Parsnip (n.) The aromatic and edible spindle-shaped root of the cultivated form of the Pastinaca sativa, a biennial umbelliferous plant which is very poisonous in its wild state; also, the plant itself.
Partridge (n.) Any one of several species of quail-like birds belonging to Colinus, and allied genera.
Patavinity (n.) The use of local or provincial words, as in the peculiar style or diction of Livy, the Roman historian; -- so called from Patavium, now Padua, the place of Livy's nativity.
Pedarian (n.) One of a class eligible to the office of senator, but not yet chosen, who could sit and speak in the senate, but could not vote; -- so called because he might indicate his opinion by walking over to the side of the party he favored when a vote was taken.
Pedatifid (a.) Cleft in a pedate manner, but having the lobes distinctly connected at the base; -- said of a leaf.
Pelagic (a.) Of or pertaining to the ocean; -- applied especially to animals that live at the surface of the ocean, away from the coast.
Penguin (n.) The egg-shaped fleshy fruit of a West Indian plant (Bromelia Pinguin) of the Pineapple family; also, the plant itself, which has rigid, pointed, and spiny-toothed leaves, and is used for hedges.
Penicillate (a.) Having the form of a pencil; furnished with a pencil of fine hairs; ending in a tuft of hairs like a camel's-hair brush, as the stigmas of some grasses.
Pentail (n.) A peculiar insectivore (Ptilocercus Lowii) of Borneo; -- so called from its very long, quill-shaped tail, which is scaly at the base and plumose at the tip.
Peroxide (n.) An oxide containing more oxygen than some other oxide of the same element. Formerly peroxides were regarded as the highest oxides. Cf. Per-, 2.
Perspicacious (a.) Having the power of seeing clearly; quick-sighted; sharp of sight.
Petaliform (a.) Having the form of a petal; petaloid; petal-shaped.
Petition (n.) A formal written request addressed to an official person, or to an organized body, having power to grant it; specifically (Law), a supplication to government, in either of its branches, for the granting of a particular grace or right; -- in distinction from a memorial, which calls certain facts to mind; also, the written document.
Petunia (n.) A genus of solanaceous herbs with funnelform or salver-shaped corollas. Two species are common in cultivation, Petunia violacera, with reddish purple flowers, and P. nyctaginiflora, with white flowers. There are also many hybrid forms with variegated corollas.
Pedrail (n.) A device intended to replace the wheel of a self-propelled vehicle for use on rough roads and to approximate to the smoothness in running of a wheel on a metal track. The tread consists of a number of rubber shod feet which are connected by ball-and-socket joints to the ends of sliding spokes. Each spoke has attached to it a small roller which in its turn runs under a short pivoted rail controlled by a powerful set of springs. This arrangement permits the feet to accomodate themse>
Phillipsite (n.) A hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda, a zeolitic mineral commonly occurring in complex twin crystals, often cruciform in shape; -- called also christianite.
Phlogisticate (v. t.) To combine phlogiston with; -- usually in the form and sense of the p. p. or the adj.; as, highly phlogisticated substances.
Phormium (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, consisting of one species (Phormium tenax). See Flax-plant.
Phrenitis (n.) Inflammation of the brain, or of the meninges of the brain, attended with acute fever and delirium; -- called also cephalitis.
PicoPiddling (a.) Trifling; trivial; frivolous; paltry; -- applied to persons and things.
Piercing (a.) Forcibly entering, or adapted to enter, at or by a point; perforating; penetrating; keen; -- used also figuratively; as, a piercing instrument, or thrust.
Pigskin (n.) The skin of a pig, -- used chiefly for making saddles; hence, a colloquial or slang term for a saddle.
Pilidium (n.) The free-swimming, hat-shaped larva of certain nemertean worms. It has no resemblance to its parent, and the young worm develops in its interior.
Pimelite (n.) An apple-green mineral having a greasy feel. It is a hydrous silicate of nickel, magnesia, aluminia, and iron.
Pinefinch (n.) A small American bird (Spinus, / Chrysomitris, spinus); -- called also pine siskin, and American siskin.
Pintail (n.) A northern duck (Dafila acuta), native of both continents. The adult male has a long, tapering tail. Called also gray duck, piketail, piket-tail, spike-tail, split-tail, springtail, sea pheasant, and gray widgeon.
Pintail (n.) The sharp-tailed grouse of the great plains and Rocky Mountains (Pediocaetes phasianellus); -- called also pintailed grouse, pintailed chicken, springtail, and sharptail.
Pisolite (n.) A variety of calcite, or calcium carbonate, consisting of aggregated globular concretions about the size of a pea; -- called also peastone, peagrit.
Pigskin (n.) A football; -- so called because the covering is often made of pigskin.
Placoides (n. pl.) A group of fishes including the sharks and rays; the Elasmobranchii; -- called also Placoidei.
Plastic (a.) Capable of being molded, formed, or modeled, as clay or plaster; -- used also figuratively; as, the plastic mind of a child.
Plastic (a.) Pertaining or appropriate to, or characteristic of, molding or modeling; produced by, or appearing as if produced by, molding or modeling; -- said of sculpture and the kindred arts, in distinction from painting and the graphic arts.
Plumbic (a.) Of, pertaining to, resembling, or containing, lead; -- used specifically to designate those compounds in which it has a higher valence as contrasted with plumbous compounds; as, plumbic oxide.
Podetium (n.) A stalk which bears the fructification in some lichens, as in the so-called reindeer moss.
Poinciana (n.) A prickly tropical shrub (Caesalpinia, formerly Poinciana, pulcherrima), with bipinnate leaves, and racemes of showy orange-red flowers with long crimson filaments.
Polewig (n.) The European spotted goby (Gobius minutus); -- called also pollybait.
Politic (a.) Pertaining to, or promoting, a policy, especially a national policy; well-devised; adapted to its end, whether right or wrong; -- said of things; as, a politic treaty.
Politic (a.) Sagacious in promoting a policy; ingenious in devising and advancing a system of management; devoted to a scheme or system rather than to a principle; hence, in a good sense, wise; prudent; sagacious; and in a bad sense, artful; unscrupulous; cunning; -- said of persons.
Politician (n.) One primarily devoted to his own advancement in public office, or to the success of a political party; -- used in a depreciatory sense; one addicted or attached to politics as managed by parties (see Politics, 2); a schemer; an intriguer; as, a mere politician.
Polyeidic (a.) Passing through several distinct larval forms; -- having several distinct kinds of young.
Polypidom (n.) A coral, or corallum; also, one of the coral-like structure made by bryozoans and hydroids.
Pondfish (n.) Any one of numerous species of American fresh-water fishes belonging to the family Centrarchidae; -- called also pond perch, and sunfish.
Porosity (n.) The quality or state of being porous; -- opposed to density.
Porpoise (n.) A true dolphin (Delphinus); -- often so called by sailors.
Portfire (n.) A case of strong paper filled with a composition of niter, sulphur, and mealed powder, -- used principally to ignite the priming in proving guns, and as an incendiary material in shells.
Position (n.) A method of solving a problem by one or two suppositions; -- called also the rule of trial and error.
Positive (a.) Having a real position, existence, or energy; existing in fact; real; actual; -- opposed to negative.
Positive (a.) Derived from an object by itself; not dependent on changing circumstances or relations; absolute; -- opposed to relative; as, the idea of beauty is not positive, but depends on the different tastes individuals.
Positive (a.) Definitely laid down; explicitly stated; clearly expressed; -- opposed to implied; as, a positive declaration or promise.
Positive (a.) Fully assured; confident; certain; sometimes, overconfident; dogmatic; overbearing; -- said of persons.
Positive (a.) Electro-positive.
Positive (a.) Hence, basic; metallic; not acid; -- opposed to negative, and said of metals, bases, and basic radicals.
Positively (adv.) In a positive manner; absolutely; really; expressly; with certainty; indubitably; peremptorily; dogmatically; -- opposed to negatively.
Postticous (a.) Situated on the outer side of a filament; -- said of an extrorse anther.
Positive (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, a device giving a to-and-fro motion; as, a positive dobby.
Practice (n.) Actual performance; application of knowledge; -- opposed to theory.
Practice (n.) Skillful or artful management; dexterity in contrivance or the use of means; art; stratagem; artifice; plot; -- usually in a bad sense.
Prakrit (n.) Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.
Preexistence (n.) Existence of the soul before its union with the body; -- a doctrine held by certain philosophers.
Prehnitic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a tetrabasic acid of benzene obtained as a white crystalPrestidigital (a.) Nimble-fingered; having fingers fit for prestidigitation, or juggling.
Prettiness (n.) The quality or state of being pretty; -- used sometimes in a disparaging sense.
Prevail (v. i.) To overcome; to gain the victory or superiority; to gain the advantage; to have the upper hand, or the mastery; to succeed; -- sometimes with over or against.
Prevail (v. i.) To persuade or induce; -- with on, upon, or with; as, I prevailedon him to wait.
Principal (n.) A leader, chief, or head; one who takes the lead; one who acts independently, or who has controlling authority or influence; as, the principal of a faction, a school, a firm, etc.; -- distinguished from a subordinate, abettor, auxiliary, or assistant.
Principal (n.) The chief actor in a crime, or an abettor who is present at it, -- as distinguished from an accessory.
Principal (n.) A chief obligor, promisor, or debtor, -- as distinguished from a surety.
Principal (n.) One who employs another to act for him, -- as distinguished from an agent.
Principal (n.) A capital sum of money, placed out at interest, due as a debt or used as a fund; -- so called in distinction from interest or profit.
Principal (n.) The construction which gives shape and strength to a roof, -- generally a truss of timber or iron, but there are roofs with stone principals. Also, loosely, the most important member of a piece of framing.
Principle (n.) Any original inherent constituent which characterizes a substance, or gives it its essential properties, and which can usually be separated by analysis; -- applied especially to drugs, plant extracts, etc.
Proclitic (a.) Leaning forward; -- said of certain monosyllabic words which are so closely attached to the following word as not to have a separate accent.
Psalmist (n.) A writer or composer of sacred songs; -- a title particularly applied to David and the other authors of the Scriptural psalms.
Psychical (a.) Of or pertaining to the mind, or its functions and diseases; mental; -- contrasted with physical.
Pyrazine () Alt. of -zin
Pumpkin (n.) A well-known trailing plant (Cucurbita pepo) and its fruit, -- used for cooking and for feeding stock; a pompion.
Purblind (a.) Nearsighted, or dim-sighted; seeing obscurely; as, a purblind eye; a purblind mole.
Pursuivant (n.) A functionary of lower rank than a herald, but discharging similar duties; -- called also pursuivant at arms; an attendant of the heralds. Also used figuratively.
Puseyite (n.) One who holds the principles of Puseyism; -- often used opprobriously.
Pyramidoid (n.) A solid resembling a pyramid; -- called also pyramoid.
Quadrifoliate (a.) Four-leaved; having the leaves in whorls of four.
Quadrillion (n.) According to the French notation, which is followed also upon the Continent and in the United States, a unit with fifteen ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to the fourth power, or the number represented by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.
Quadripennate (a.) Having four wings; -- said of insects.
Quadrisyllabic () Alt. of Quadri-syllabical
Quadrivalent (a.) Having a valence of four; capable of combining with, being replaced by, or compared with, four monad atoms; tetravalent; -- said of certain atoms and radicals; thus, carbon and silicon are quadrivalent elements.
Quadrivalve (a.) Dehiscent into four similar parts; four-valved; as, a quadrivalve pericarp.
Quadrivium (n.) The four "liberal arts," arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy; -- so called by the schoolmen. See Trivium.
Quassin (n.) The bitter principle of quassia, extracted as a white crystalQuercitin (n.) A yellow crystalQuercitrin (n.) A glucoside extracted from the bark of the oak (Quercus) as a bitter citron-yellow crystalQuinoidine (n.) A brownish resinous substance obtained as a by-product in the treatment of cinchona bark. It consists of a mixture of several alkaloids.
Ratafia (n.) A spirituous liquor flavored with the kernels of cherries, apricots, peaches, or other fruit, spiced, and sweetened with sugar; -- a term applied to the liqueurs called noyau, cura/ao, etc.
Ravelin (n.) A detached work with two embankments which make a salient angle. It is raised before the curtain on the counterscarp of the place. Formerly called demilune, and half-moon.
Recipiangle (n.) An instrument with two arms that are pivoted together at one end, and a graduated arc, -- used by military engineers for measuring and laying off angles of fortifications.
Reclaim (v. t.) To reduce from a wild to a tamed state; to bring under discipReclaim (v. t.) To correct; to reform; -- said of things.
Redtail (n.) The red-tailed hawk.
Reedbird (n.) One of several small Asiatic singing birds of the genera Sch/nicola and Eurycercus; -- called also reed babbler.
Reedling (n.) The European bearded titmouse (Panurus biarmicus); -- called also reed bunting, bearded pinnock, and lesser butcher bird.
Rehabilitate (v. t.) To invest or clothe again with some right, authority, or dignity; to restore to a former capacity; to reinstate; to qualify again; to restore, as a delinquent, to a former right, rank, or privilege lost or forfeited; -- a term of civil and canon law.
Rigorism (n.) Strictness in ethical principles; -- usually applied to ascetic ethics, and opposed to ethical latitudinarianism.
Rhachis (n.) The shaft of a feather. The rhachis of the after-shaft, or plumule, is called the hyporhachis.
Rhaphides (n. pl.) Minute transparent, often needle-shaped, crystals found in the tissues of plants.
Ricinine (n.) A bitter white crystalRigidity (n.) The quality or state of being rigid; want of pliability; the quality of resisting change of form; the amount of resistance with which a body opposes change of form; -- opposed to flexibility, ductility, malleability, and softness.
Rigorism (n.) Rigidity in principle or practice; strictness; -- opposed to laxity.
Rigorist (n.) One who is rigorous; -- sometimes applied to an extreme Jansenist.
Ringbill (n.) The ring-necked scaup duck; -- called also ring-billed blackhead. See Scaup.
Rockfish (n.) An American fresh-water darter; the log perch.
Romanic (n.) Related to the Roman people by descent; -- said especially of races and nations speaking any of the Romanic tongues.
Rounding (n.) Small rope, or strands of rope, or spun yarn, wound round a rope to keep it from chafing; -- called also service.
Rubiginous (a.) Having the appearance or color of iron rust; rusty-looking.
Sagacious (a.) Of quick sense perceptions; keen-scented; skilled in following a trail.
Sagacious (a.) Hence, of quick intellectual perceptions; of keen penetration and judgment; discerning and judicious; knowing; far-sighted; shrewd; sage; wise; as, a sagacious man; a sagacious remark.
Sagenitic (a.) Resembling sagenite; -- applied to quartz when containing acicular crystals of other minerals, most commonly rutile, also tourmaSaibling (n.) A European mountain trout (Salvelinus alpinus); -- called also Bavarian charr.
Saintish (a.) Somewhat saintlike; -- used ironically.
Salifiable (a.) Capable of neutralizing an acid to form a salt; -- said of bases; thus, ammonia is salifiable.
Samphire (n.) The species of glasswort (Salicornia herbacea); -- called in England marsh samphire.
Sanguine (n.) Anything of a blood-red color, as cloth.
Sanguineous (a.) Blood-red; crimson.
Sanguivorous (a.) Subsisting upon blood; -- said of certain blood-sucking bats and other animals. See Vampire.
Sanidine (n.) A variety of orthoclase feldspar common in certain eruptive rocks, as trachyte; -- called also glassy feldspar.
Sapphic (a.) Belonging to, or in the manner of, Sappho; -- said of a certain kind of verse reputed to have been invented by Sappho, consisting of five feet, of which the first, fourth, and fifth are trochees, the second is a spondee, and the third a dactyl.
Saxonic (a.) Relating to the Saxons or Anglo- Saxons.
Saxonism (n.) An idiom of the Saxon or Anglo-Saxon language.
Scaphite (n.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites, belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.
Schreibersite (n.) A mineral occurring in steel-gray flexible folia. It contains iron, nickel, and phosphorus, and is found only in meteoric iron.
Scorpio (n.) The eighth sign of the zodiac, which the sun enters about the twenty-third day of October, marked thus [/] in almanacs.
Scorpion (n.) Any one of numerous species of pulmonate arachnids of the order Scorpiones, having a suctorial mouth, large claw-bearing palpi, and a caudal sting.
Scrotiform (a.) Purse-shaped; pouch-shaped.
Sculpin (n.) A large cottoid market fish of California (Scorpaenichthys marmoratus); -- called also bighead, cabezon, scorpion, salpa.
Scumming (n.) That which is scummed off; skimmings; scum; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Scyphiform (a.) Cup-shaped.
Seagoing (a.) Going upon the sea; especially, sailing upon the deep sea; -- used in distinction from coasting or river, as applied to vessels.
Securipalp (n.) One of a family of beetles having the maxillary palpi terminating in a hatchet-shaped joint.
Seminiferous (a.) Seed-bearing; producing seed; pertaining to, or connected with, the formation of semen; as, seminiferous cells or vesicles.
Semolina (n.) The fine, hard parts of wheat, rounded by the attrition of the millstones, -- used in cookery.
Sericin (n.) A gelatinous nitrogenous material extracted from crude silk and other similar fiber by boiling water; -- called also silk gelatin.
Serolin (n.) A body found in fecal matter and thought to be formed in the intestines from the cholesterin of the bile; -- called also stercorin, and stercolin.
Serotine (n.) The European long-eared bat (Vesperugo serotinus).
Sesquiplicate (a.) Subduplicate of the triplicate; -- a term applied to ratios; thus, a and a' are in the sesquiplicate ratio of b and b', when a is to a' as the square root of the cube of b is to the square root of the cube of b', or a:a'::?b3:?b'3.
Sesquisulphide (n.) A sulphide, analogous to a sesquioxide, containing three atoms of sulphur to two of the other ingredient; -- formerly called also sesquisulphuret; as, orpiment, As2S3 is arsenic sesquisulphide.
Sexifid (a.) Six-cleft; as, a sexfid calyx or nectary.
Sematic (a.) Significant; ominous; serving as a warning of danger; -- applied esp. to the warning colors or forms of certain animals.
Sharpie (n.) A long, sharp, flat-bottomed boat, with one or two masts carrying a triangular sail. They are often called Fair Haven sharpies, after the place on the coast of Connecticut where they originated.
Shilling (n.) A silver coin, and money of account, of Great Britain and its dependencies, equal to twelve pence, or the twentieth part of a pound, equivalent to about twenty-four cents of the United States currency.
Shilling (n.) The Spanish real, of the value of one eight of a dollar, or 12/ cets; -- formerly so called in New York and some other States. See Note under 2.
Siciliano (n.) A Sicilian dance, resembling the pastorale, set to a rather slow and graceful melody in 12-8 or 6-8 measure; also, the music to the dance.
Siderite (n.) An indigo-blue variety of quartz.
Silurian (a.) Of or pertaining to the country of the ancient Silures; -- a term applied to the earliest of the Paleozoic eras, and also to the strata of the era, because most plainly developed in that country.
Simpai (n.) A long-tailed monkey (Semnopitchecus melalophus) native of Sumatra. It has a crest of black hair. The forehead and cheeks are fawn color, the upper parts tawny and red, the under parts white. Called also black-crested monkey, and sinpae.
Sinamine (n.) A bitter white crystalSinapis (n.) A disused generic name for mustard; -- now called Brassica.
Skirling (n.) A small trout or salmon; -- a name used loosely.
Smaltite (n.) A tin-white or gray mineral of metallic luster. It is an arsenide of cobalt, nickel, and iron. Called also speiskobalt.
Snowbird (n.) Any finch of the genus Junco which appears in flocks in winter time, especially J. hyemalis in the Eastern United States; -- called also blue snowbird. See Junco.
Soapfish (n.) Any serranoid fish of the genus Rhypticus; -- so called from the soapy feeling of its skin.
Solanine (n.) A poisonous alkaloid glucoside extracted from the berries of common nightshade (Solanum nigrum), and of bittersweet, and from potato sprouts, as a white crystalSolicit (v. t.) To disturb; to disquiet; -- a Latinism rarely used.
Solicitor (n.) An attorney or advocate; one who represents another in court; -- formerly, in English practice, the professional designation of a person admitted to practice in a court of chancery or equity. See the Note under Attorney.
Solidity (n.) The state or quality of being solid; density; consistency, -- opposed to fluidity; compactness; fullness of matter, -- opposed to openness or hollowness; strength; soundness, -- opposed to weakness or instability; the primary quality or affection of matter by which its particles exclude or resist all others; hardness; massiveness.
Solidity (n.) Moral firmness; soundness; strength; validity; truth; certainty; -- as opposed to weakness or fallaciousness; as, the solidity of arguments or reasoning; the solidity of principles, triuths, or opinions.
Solifidian (n.) One who maintains that faith alone, without works, is sufficient for justification; -- opposed to nullifidian.
Solstice (v. i.) The point in the ecliptic at which the sun is farthest from the equator, north or south, namely, the first point of the sign Cancer and the first point of the sign Capricorn, the former being the summer solstice, latter the winter solstice, in northern latitudes; -- so called because the sun then apparently stands still in its northward or southward motion.
Solution (n.) The act of solving, or the state of being solved; the disentanglement of any intricate problem or difficult question; explanation; clearing up; -- used especially in mathematics, either of the process of solving an equation or problem, or the result of the process.
Sororize (v. i.) To associate, or hold fellowship, as sisters; to have sisterly feelings; -- analogous to fraternize.
Southing (n.) Distance southward from any point departure or of reckoning, measured on a meridian; -- opposed to northing.
Sparoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Sparidae, a family of spinous-finned fishes which includes the scup, sheepshead, and sea bream.
Spelding (n.) A haddock or other small fish split open and dried in the sun; -- called also speldron.
Splenium (n.) The thickened posterior border of the corpus callosum; -- so called in allusion to its shape.
Spongiae (n. pl.) The grand division of the animal kingdom which includes the sponges; -- called also Spongida, Spongiaria, Spongiozoa, and Porifera.
Spongiole (n.) A supposed spongelike expansion of the tip of a rootlet for absorbing water; -- called also spongelet.
Standing (a.) Not movable; fixed; as, a standing bed (distinguished from a trundle-bed).
Stannite (n.) A mineral of a steel-gray or iron-black color; tin pyrites. It is a sulphide of tin, copper, and iron.
Starling (n.) A structure of piles driven round the piers of a bridge for protection and support; -- called also sterling.
Startish (a.) Apt to start; skittish; shy; -- said especially of a horse.
Steading (n.) The brans, stables, cattle-yards, etc., of a farm; -- called also onstead, farmstead, farm offices, or farmery.
Stealing (n.) That which is stolen; stolen property; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Stelliform (a.) Like a star; star-shaped; radiated.
Stellion (n.) A lizard (Stellio vulgaris), common about the Eastern Mediterranean among ruins. In color it is olive-green, shaded with black, with small stellate spots. Called also hardim, and star lizard.
Stellionate (n.) Any fraud not distinguished by a more special name; -- chiefly applied to sales of the same property to two different persons, or selling that for one's own which belongs to another, etc.
Sterling (a.) Belonging to, or relating to, the standard British money of account, or the British coinage; as, a pound sterling; a shilling sterling; a penny sterling; -- now chiefly applied to the lawful money of England; but sterling cost, sterling value, are used.
Sthenic (a.) Strong; active; -- said especially of morbid states attended with excessive action of the heart and blood vessels, and characterized by strength and activity of the muscular and nervous system; as, a sthenic fever.
Stibnite (n.) A mineral of a lead-gray color and brilliant metallic luster, occurring in prismatic crystals; sulphide of antimony; -- called also antimony glance, and gray antimony.
Stockinet (n.) An elastic textile fabric imitating knitting, of which stockings, under-garments, etc., are made.
Stocking (n.) A close-fitting covering for the foot and leg, usually knit or woven.
Strabismus (n.) An affection of one or both eyes, in which the optic axes can not be directed to the same object, -- a defect due either to undue contraction or to undue relaxation of one or more of the muscles which move the eyeball; squinting; cross-eye.
Stramineous (a.) Chaffy; like straw; straw-colored.
Stratigraphic (a.) Alt. of -ical
Strewing (n.) Anything that is, or may be, strewed; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Strigine (a.) Of or pertaining to owls; owl-like.
Strobile (n.) An individual asexually producing sexual individuals differing from itself also in other respects, as the tapeworm, -- one of the forms that occur in metagenesis.
Studding sail () A light sail set at the side of a principal or square sail of a vessel in free winds, to increase her speed. Its head is bent to a small spar which is called the studding-sail boom. See Illust. of Sail.
Stocking (n.) Any of various things resembling, or likened to, a stocking; as: (a) A broad ring of color, differing from the general color, on the lower part of the leg of a quadruped; esp., a white ring between the coronet and the hock or knee of a dark-colored horse. (b) A knitted hood of cotton thread which is eventually converted by a special process into an incandescent mantle for gas lighting.
Suberization (n.) Conversion of the cell walls into cork tissue by development of suberin; -- commonly taking place in exposed tissues, as when a callus forms over a wound. Suberized cell walls are impervious to water.
Subtrihedral (a.) Approaching the form of a three-sided pyramid; as, the subtrihedral crown of a tooth.
Subtriplicate (a.) Expressed by the cube root; -- said especially of ratios.
Sulphide (n.) A binary compound of sulphur, or one so regarded; -- formerly called sulphuret.
Sulphindigotic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphonic acid obtained, as a blue solution, by dissolving indigo in sulphuric acid; -- formerly called also cerulic sulphuric acid, but properly called indigo-disulphonic acid.
Sulphion (n.) A hypothetical radical, SO4, regarded as forming the acid or negative constituent of sulphuric acid and the sulphates in electrolytic decomposition; -- so called in accordance with the binary theory of salts.
Superior (a.) Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by; -- with to.
Superior (a.) Above the ovary; -- said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part; also of an ovary when the other floral organs are plainly below it in position, and free from it.
Superior (a.) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit; ascending; -- said of the radicle.
Surfeit (v. t.) To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the function of the system; to overfeed, and produce satiety, sickness, or uneasiness; -- often reflexive; as, to surfeit one's self with sweets.
Surprise (n.) To lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with into; as, to be surprised into an indiscretion; to be surprised into generosity.
Sweeting (n.) A darling; -- a word of endearment.
Synclinal (a.) Formed by strata dipping toward a common Taborite (n.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; -- so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their struggles.
Tagtail (n.) A person who attaches himself to another against the will of the latter; a hanger-on.
Talaria (n. pl.) Small wings or winged shoes represented as fastened to the ankles, -- chiefly used as an attribute of Mercury.
Tamarin (n.) Any one of several species of small squirrel-like South American monkeys of the genus Midas, especially M. ursulus.
Tamarind (n.) A leguminous tree (Tamarindus Indica) cultivated both the Indies, and the other tropical countries, for the sake of its shade, and for its fruit. The trunk of the tree is lofty and large, with wide-spreading branches; the flowers are in racemes at the ends of the branches. The leaves are small and finely pinnated.
TapeTaotai (n.) In China, an official at the head of the civil and military affairs of a circuit, which consists of two or more fu, or territorial departments; -- called also, by foreigners, intendant of circuit. Foreign consuls and commissioners associated with taotais as superintendants of trade at the treaty ports are ranked with the taotai.
Tenacity (n.) That quality of bodies which keeps them from parting without considerable force; cohesiveness; the effect of attraction; -- as distinguished from brittleness, fragility, mobility, etc.
Tenacity (n.) The greatest longitudinal stress a substance can bear without tearing asunder, -- usually expressed with reference to a unit area of the cross section of the substance, as the number of pounds per square inch, or kilograms per square centimeter, necessary to produce rupture.
Teneriffe (n.) A white wine resembling Madeira in taste, but more tart, produced in Teneriffe, one of the Canary Islands; -- called also Vidonia.
Tetanin (n.) A poisonous base (ptomaine) formed in meat broth through the agency of a peculiar microbe from the wound of a person who has died of tetanus; -- so called because it produces tetanus as one of its prominent effects.
ThalThallium (n.) A rare metallic element of the aluminium group found in some minerals, as certain pyrites, and also in the lead-chamber deposit in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. It is isolated as a heavy, soft, bluish white metal, easily oxidized in moist air, but preserved by keeping under water. Symbol Tl. Atomic weight 203.7.
Theorica (n. pl.) Public moneys expended at Athens on festivals, sacrifices, and public entertainments (especially theatrical performances), and in gifts to the people; -- also called theoric fund.
Thermidor (n.) The eleventh month of the French republican calendar, -- commencing July 19, and ending August 17. See the Note under Vendemiaire.
Thermifugine (n.) An artificial alkaloid of complex composition, resembling thalThionine (n.) An artificial red or violet dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of certain aromatic diamines, and obtained as a dark crystalThirtieth (a.) Next in order after the twenty-ninth; the tenth after the twentieth; -- the ordinal of thirty; as, the thirtieth day of the month.
Thummie (n.) The chiff-chaff.
Thyroid (a.) Shaped like an oblong shield; shield-shaped; as, the thyroid cartilage.
Tilefish (n.) A large, edible, deep-water food fish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps) more or less thickly covered with large, round, yellow spots.
Titanium (n.) An elementary substance found combined in the minerals manaccanite, rutile, sphene, etc., and isolated as an infusible iron-gray amorphous powder, having a metallic luster. It burns when heated in the air. Symbol Ti. Atomic weight 48.1.
Topsail (n.) In a square-rigged vessel, the sail next above the lowermost sail on a mast. This sail is the one most frequently reefed or furled in working the ship. In a fore-and-aft rigged vessel, the sail set upon and above the gaff. See Cutter, Schooner, Sail, and Ship.
Tortoise (n.) having a color like that of a tortoise's shell, black with white and orange spots; -- used mostly to describe cats of that color.
Tortoise (n.) a tortoise-shell cat.
Tortrix (n.) Any one of numerous species of small moths of the family Tortricidae, the larvae of which usually roll up the leaves of plants on which they live; -- also called leaf roller.
Tortrix (n.) A genus of tropical short-tailed snakes, which are not venomous. One species (Tortrix scytalae) is handsomely banded with black, and is sometimes worn alive by the natives of Brazil for a necklace.
Transit (n.) An instrument resembling a theodolite, used by surveyors and engineers; -- called also transit compass, and surveyor's transit.
Trefoil (n.) Any plant of the genus Trifolium, which includes the white clover, red clover, etc.; -- less properly, applied also to the nonesuch, or black medic. See Clover, and Medic.
Triacid (a.) Capable of neutralizing three molecules of a monobasic acid or the equivalent; having three hydrogen atoms which may be acid radicals; -- said of certain bases; thus, glycerin is a triacid base.
Trichinize (v. t.) To render trichinous; to affect with trichinae; -- chiefly used in the past participle; as, trichinized pork.
Trillium (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants; the three-leaved nightshade; -- so called because all the parts of the plant are in threes.
Trimming (n.) That which serves to trim, make right or fitting, adjust, ornament, or the like; especially, the necessary or the ornamental appendages, as of a garment; hence, sometimes, the concomitants of a dish; a relish; -- usually in the pluraltrimmings. --.
Trioxide (n.) An oxide containing three atoms of oxygen; as, sulphur trioxide, SO3; -- formerly called tritoxide.
Triplicostate (a.) Three-ribbed.
Tripping (a.) Having the right forefoot lifted, the others remaining on the ground, as if he were trotting; trippant; -- said of an animal, as a hart, buck, and the like, used as a bearing.
Trithing (n.) One of three ancient divisions of a county in England; -- now called riding.
Trochilus (n.) An annular molding whose section is concave, like the edge of a pulley; -- called also scotia.
Trochite (n.) A wheel-like joint of the stem of a fossil crinoid.
Trophic (a.) Of or connected with nutrition; nitritional; nourishing; as, the so-called trophic nerves, which have a direct influence on nutrition.
Troupial (n.) Any one of numerous species of bright-colored American birds belonging to Icterus and allied genera, especially Icterus icterus, a native of the West Indies and South America. Many of the species are called orioles in America.
Trysail (n.) A fore-and-aft sail, bent to a gaff, and hoisted on a lower mast or on a small mast, called the trysail mast, close abaft a lower mast; -- used chiefly as a storm sail. Called also spencer.
Tubulidentate (a.) Having teeth traversed by canals; -- said of certain edentates.
Turanian (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an extensive family of languages of simple structure and low grade (called also Altaic, Ural-Altaic, and Scythian), spoken in the northern parts of Europe and Asia and Central Asia; of pertaining to, or designating, the people who speak these languages.
Turnpike (n.) A beam filled with spikes to obstruct passage; a cheval-de-frise.
Twentieth (a.) Next in order after the nineteenth; tenth after the tenth; coming after nineteen others; -- the ordinal of twenty.
Tyrosin (n.) A white crystalUlotrichous (a.) Having woolly or crispy hair; -- opposed to leiotrichous.
Ulterior (a.) Situated beyond, or on the farther side; thither; -- correlative with hither.
Valorization (n.) Act or process of attempting to give an arbitrary market value or price to a commodity by governmental interference, as by maintaining a purchasing fund, making loans to producers to enable them to hold their products, etc.; -- used chiefly of such action by Brazil.
Umbilicated (a.) Depressed in the middle, like a navel, as a flower, fruit, or leaf; navel-shaped; having an umbilicus; as, an umbilicated smallpox vesicle.
Umbilication (n.) A slight, navel-like depression, or dimpling, of the center of a rounded body; as, the umbilication of a smallpox vesicle; also, the condition of being umbilicated.
Uniaxial (a.) Having only one axis; developing along a single Upbraid (v. t.) To charge with something wrong or disgraceful; to reproach; to cast something in the teeth of; -- followed by with or for, and formerly of, before the thing imputed.
Upbraid (v. t.) To object or urge as a matter of reproach; to cast up; -- with to before the person.
Valedictory (a.) Bidding farewell; suitable or designed for an occasion of leave-taking; as, a valedictory oration.
Vanadinite (n.) A mineral occurring in yellowish, and ruby-red hexagonal crystals. It consist of lead vanadate with a small proportion of lead chloride.
Vanadium (n.) A rare element of the nitrogen-phosphorus group, found combined, in vanadates, in certain minerals, and reduced as an infusible, grayish-white metallic powder. It is intermediate between the metals and the non-metals, having both basic and acid properties. Symbol V (or Vd, rarely). Atomic weight 51.2.
Ventail (n.) That part of a helmet which is intended for the admission of air, -- sometimes in the visor.
Veretillum (n.) Any one of numerous species of club-shaped, compound Alcyonaria belonging to Veretillum and allied genera, of the tribe Pennatulacea. The whole colony can move about as if it were a simple animal.
Veridical (a.) Truth-telling; truthful; veracious.
Vesuvine (n.) A trade name for a brown dyestuff obtained from certain basic azo compounds of benzene; -- called also Bismarck brown, Manchester brown, etc.
Vicarious (prep.) Acting as a substitute; -- said of abnormal action which replaces a suppressed normal function; as, vicarious hemorrhage replacing menstruation.
Videlicet (adv.) To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated to viz.
Vidonia (n.) A dry white wine, of a tart flavor, produced in Teneriffe; -- called also Teneriffe.
Vigonia (a.) Of or pertaining to the vicu/a; characterizing the vicu/a; -- said of the wool of that animal, used in felting hats, and for other purposes.
Villainous (a.) Sorry; mean; mischievous; -- in a familiar sense.
Vinatico (n.) Madeira mahogany; the coarse, dark-colored wood of the Persea Indica.
Vitalist (n.) A believer in the theory of vitalism; -- opposed to physicist.
Vitiligo (n.) A rare skin disease consisting in the development of smooth, milk-white spots upon various parts of the body.
Vivacious (a.) Having vigorous powers of life; tenacious of life; long-lived.
Vocative (a.) Of or pertaining to calling; used in calling; specifically (Gram.), used in address; appellative; -- said of that case or form of the noun, pronoun, or adjective, in which a person or thing is addressed; as, Domine, O Lord.
Volatile (a.) Fig.: Light-hearted; easily affected by circumstances; airy; lively; hence, changeable; fickle; as, a volatile temper.
Voltzite (n.) An oxysulphide of lead occurring in implanted spherical globules of a yellowish or brownish color; -- called also voltzine.
Wassail (n.) The liquor used for a wassail; esp., a beverage formerly much used in England at Christmas and other festivals, made of ale (or wine) flavored with spices, sugar, toast, roasted apples, etc.; -- called also lamb's wool.
Waterie (n.) The pied wagtail; -- so called because it frequents ponds.
Weakfish (n.) Any fish of the genus Cynoscion; a squeteague; -- so called from its tender mouth. See Squeteague.
Wegotism (n.) Excessive use of the pronoun we; -- called also weism.
Wherein (adv.) In which; in which place, thing, time, respect, or the like; -- used relatively.
Wherein (adv.) In what; -- used interrogatively.
Whereinto (adv.) Into which; -- used relatively.
Whereinto (adv.) Into what; -- used interrogatively.
Whigling (n.) A petty or inferior Whig; -- used in contempt.
Wolffian (a.) Discovered, or first described, by Caspar Friedrich Wolff (1733-1794), the founder of modern embryology.
Womanish (a.) Suitable to a woman, having the qualities of a woman; effeminate; not becoming a man; -- usually in a reproachful sense. See the Note under Effeminate.
Worshipful (a.) Entitled to worship, reverence, or high respect; claiming respect; worthy of honor; -- often used as a term of respect, sometimes ironically.
Xanthian (a.) Of or pertaining to Xanthus, an ancient town on Asia Minor; -- applied especially to certain marbles found near that place, and now in the British Museum.
Xanthinine (n.) A complex nitrogenous substance related to urea and uric acid, produced as a white powder; -- so called because it forms yellow salts, and because its solution forms a blue fluorescence like quinine.
Xenomi (n. pl.) A suborder of soft-rayed fresh-water fishes of which the blackfish of Alaska (Dallia pectoralis) is the type.
Xenotime (n.) A native phosphate of yttrium occurring in yellowish-brown tetragonal crystals.
Xanthin () A white microcrystalXeronic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid, C8H12O4, related to fumaric acid, and obtained from citraconic acid as an oily substance having a bittersweet taste; -- so called from its tendency to form its anhydride.
Yarwhip (n.) The European bar-tailed godwit; -- called also yardkeep, and yarwhelp. See Godwit.
Yearling (n.) An animal one year old, or in the second year of its age; -- applied chiefly to cattle, sheep, and horses.
Yeldrine (n.) The yellow-hammer; -- called also yeldrock, and yoldrin.
Yeorling (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
Ypsiliform (a.) Resembling the / in appearance; -- said of the germinal spot in the ripe egg at one of the stages of fecundation.
Zaratite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.
Zetetic (n.) A seeker; -- a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.
Zincoid (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, zinc; -- said of the electricity of the zincous plate in connection with a copper plate in a voltaic circle; also, designating the positive pole.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".